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The Future of Product Design &

Manufacturing: 3D Printing & Beyond

Zaki S. Saldi

STEM Education Forum, 18-10-2018


Content

3D Printing Generative Design

Augmented & Virtual Reality


Products
Product Development

Design & Manufacturing = key elements

Analysis, Prototyping
Problem Identification Ideation & Refinement Manufacturing

A clear statement Technical Designs may be Production and/or


of the need for sketches are often rethought, based working drawings
and objectives for used to convey on engineering providing the
the design must concepts to details of
analysis & testing
be written. multidisciplinary manufacture and
teams. assembly are
What kind of Compromise, finalized and
problems will the iteration approved.
product solve?
Selection,
prototyping
The Future
Generative Design

Analysis,
Problem Identification Ideation Refinement& Manufacturing
Prototyping

Design & Testing Rapid Prototyping &


Challenges: using Virtual & Manufacturing
● Quicker Augmented Reality using 3D Printers
processes
● Lower cost
● Less negative
impact to
environment
3D Printing
What is 3D printing?
Additive manufacturing process that creates 3 dimensional
physical solid objects

Types of 3D printing
● FDM - Fused Deposition Modeling
● SLA - Stereolithography
● SLS - Selective Laser Sintering
SLA

SLS

FDM
3D Printing
Steps
● 3D modeling using Computer Aided Design (CAD) software
● Printing
● Post-processing

Application
Medical, Animation, Games, Transportation, Energy, Space, Defense, Fashion &
Retail, Food & Consumers Goods
Generative Design

● Design using computers in


generating various
optimized forms that
satisfy mechanical,
material, cost,
manufacturing,
environment requirements

● Powered by Artificial
Intelligence, High
● Lighter Performance Computing,
● Stronger Cloud Computing
● Less impact to environment
● Cheaper to manufacture
● More suitable with available resources ● Aligned with 3D printing
technology
Generative Design
General Motors (US) Under Armour
40% lighter, 20% stronger
seat bracket

Airbus
45% lighter
cabin partition
Augmented & Virtual Reality
Augmented Reality

Virtual Reality
Summary

● Exciting & promising future technologies in


product design & manufacturing

● Technology is there to help


designers/engineers & business

● Ability to learn & to catch up with new


technologies is essential (future product
design engineers)