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# HIGHWAY ENGINEERING – SELF STUDY GUIDE

##  Draw flowcharts to define the following:

o Elements of the Transport Sector
o The highway design process as a whole

##  Differentiate between mobility and accessibility.

 Describe the cyclic interaction between transport demand and land use.

##  List the elements comprising a road project cycle.

 Define the term road project appraisal with reference to the Overseas Road Note 5.

##  Some of these factors are interrelated. Discuss

o Design speed, function and volume.
o Design speed and topography.
o Volume and Level of service
o Cost and service

##  Explain the terms:

Carriageway, Kerb, Pavement, Right of way, Terrain, Links, Arterial, Access,
Collector, Expressway

##  Name the 3 main types of surveys done for road location.

 Define the driving task and list the factors affecting road users (drivers, pedestrians,
etc.) and vehicles.
 Define the perception-reaction time.

 Define the term highway capacity, traffic volume and level of service.

 Elaborate on the factors affecting highway capacity and level of service respectively.

Road Hierarchy

 Road Types

## Capacity and LOS

 Definitions
 Factors affecting capacity and LOS

##  Types of Traffic Studies

 Methodology
 Advantages / Disadvantages

##  Normal Traffic, Diverted Traffic, Generated Traffic

 Definitions of basic quantities – Spacing, Headway, Lane Occupancy, Clearance,
Gap
 Flow, Volume, Density
o Equation
o Graphs/ Explanation

Cross-Sectional Elements

##  Pavement Surface Characteristics, Camber, Width of carriageway, Shoulder, Kerbs,

Road margins, Rights of way, Sight distance, Crossfalls, Provision for non-motorised
vehicles
 Sight Distance
o Types of sight distance
o Factors affecting sight distance
C. Calculations

##  Traffic Flow and Volume

o DDHV
o Flow, Density
o TMS and SMS

 Axle Loading
o Assumptions
o Calculations – Damaging Effect

 Horizontal Alignment

 Vertical Alignment