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7 Further Examples 237

This is to be compared with (see below) the Ohmic power of a resistance R,
i.e. with
L =I ~ R . (10.81)
This expression is obtained as follows. We saw earlier that (see Sec. 7.7):
Loss of energy per unit volume and per unit time

-(E.D+H.B) = V . ( ExH)+j.E.

Integrating this over the volume and using Gauss' divergence theorem,
we obtain
Loss of energy per unit time
= Transport of energy through the surface Ohmic power. +
Hence the Ohmic power is (with j = a E , j d V = I d s ) the volume integral of
j . E, i.e.

where R = p s / F . We thus have the above expression for L. The quantity
L/12 in Eq. (10.80) is therefore (by comparison with L = 12R) referred to
as radiation resistance. The radiation resistance is a quantity which depends
on the spatial dimensions of the radiator.

10.7 Further Examples
Example 10.7: Comparison of powers of rod and loop antennas
With a very approximate calculation compare the power of a rod antenna with that of a loop

Solution: We return to the far-field result for E given by Eq. (10.74), i.e.

2.rr(Zldsl x r) x r
E=i (10.82)
4T€OXCT3 '

This expression gives the electric field strength at a distance r far from the current element I l d s l .
The electromotive force and hence voltage induced in a conductor element ds2 at the point r is