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Tarsiers

( Tarsiidae )

1. Understanding Of Tarsiers

Tarsiers are primates of the genus Tarsius, a monotype genus of the Tarsiidae
family, the only surviving family of the Order of Tarsiiformes. Although this group
used to have widespread distribution, but all living species are now limited in number
and are found on the islands of Southeast Asia.

2. Fossil Record

The fossils of wallacea and other robert tarsiiformes primates are found in
Asian, European and North American waste disposal and there are dubious fossils
originating from Africa, but Tarsius Darwin that survives to this day is limited in
some islands of Southeast Asia including the Philippines, Sulawesi, Borneo and
Sumatra. The fossil record is also the longest continuity of any genus of primates, and
the fossil record indicates that their tooth structure has not changed much, except in
size, in the last 45 million.

3. Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammals
Order: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Tarsiiformes
Family: Tarsiidae
Genus: Tarsius
Spesies : Tarsius syrichta
Tarsius bancanus
Tarsius tarsier
Tarsius dentatus
Tarsius lariang
Tarsius pelengensis
Tarsius sangirensis
Tarsius tumpara
Tarsius pumilus
4. Anatomy and Physiology
Tarsius was small with very large eyes, each eyeball was about 16 mm in
diameter and the whole was about the size of its brain. The back legs are also very
long. The tarsus bone in his legs is very long and from this tarsus bone the name
tarsius originated. The head and body length is 10 to 15 cm, but the hind legs are
almost twice this length. They also have a slim tail along the 20 to 25 cm. Their
fingers are also elongated, with the third finger about the same length with the upper
arm. On the tip of his finger there are nails but on the second and third fingers of the
hind legs in the form of claws they use to care for the body. Tarsier fur is very soft
and velvety-like that is usually brown-gray, light brown or yellow-orange. A sleek tail
20 to 25 cm long. Sharp teeth, Unlike other prosessions, tarsiers do not have a tooth
comb, and their teeth are also unique:
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5. Tarsiers Vision
All types of tarsiers are nocturnal, but like other nocturnal organisms some
individuals may be more or less active during the day. Unlike most other nocturnal
animals, tarsiers do not have a light reflecting area (tapetum lucidum) in their eyes.
They also have fovea, an unusual thing in nocturnal animals. The tarsier brain differs
from other primates in terms of the connection of both the eye and the lateral
geniculate nucleus, which is the main area in the thalamus that receives visual
information. The cellular layer that receives information from the ipsilateral (same
side of the head) and contralateral (lateral head) sides of the lateral geniculate nucleus
distinguishes the tarsiers of lemurs, lorises, and monkeys, all of which are similar in
this case.

6. Tarsiers Behavior
Tarsius is an insectivorescent animal, and catches insects by jumping on the
insect. They are also known to prey on small vertebrates such as birds, snakes, lizards
and bats. When jumping from tree to tree, tarsiers can even catch a moving bird. The
pregnancy lasts six months, then the tarsier gives birth to a child. The young tarsier
was born hairy and with eyes open and able to climb within a day of birth. They reach
adulthood after one year. Adult tarsiers live in pairs with a residential range of about
one hectare.
7. Preservation
One type of tarsier, tarsius Dian T. dentatus; listed as part of its junior
synonym T. dianae by IUCN), listed on the IUCN Red List as Dependent on
Conservation. Two other species / subspecies, West Tarsius (T. bancanus) and its
nominary subspecies (T. bancanus bancanus, registered with Low Risk status.)
Tarsius Sulawesi (T. tarsier, listed as junior synonym T. spectrum) is categorized as
Near-Threatened. Tarsius never succeeded in forming a breeding colony in a cage,
and when locked up, tarsiers are known to injure and even kill themselves because of
stress. One site has been successful in restoring the tarsier population on the
Philippines island of Bohol. The Philippine Tarsier Foundation has developed a semi-
wild cage that uses light to attract nocturnal insects that feed tarsiers. In 2008 it was
described that Siau tarsius was considered a critical bestatus and listed in 25 primates
most threatened by Conservation International and IUCN / SCC Primate Specialist
Group in 2008.

8. Species Range
a. Philippine Islands
b. Tropical Rainforest

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