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21

Lesson4
Scales
_lost melodiesare derivedfrom scales. A scaleis a patteÍnof notesat diÍÍerentpitches,whichcan
be repeatedin higheror lowerregistersand sungor playedon any melodicinstrument. Apartfrom
tcal melodies,mostbasslinesandleadsolosare alsomadeup of notesÍromscales.A scalemay
tarton any pitchandthe nameof the startingnoteoÍ the scaledetermines the nameof the scale.
The mostcommonbuildingblockfor melodiesis the major scale.The simplestof theseis the C
rajor scale,whichstartsandendson the noteC andcontainsallof the naturalnotesusedin music.

. majorscaleis a groupof eightnotesthatproducesthe familiarsound:

Do Re Mi Fa So La Ti Do
by the notes:
lrrthe C majorscale,thesesoundsare represented
CD G A B.C

all the whitenotes,beginningand endingon C in


the C majorscalerepresents
,h the keyboard,
anv octave.

Tl
3l
L
E
c

The followingexampledemonstrates the C majorscale sung by bothfemale(treblestaff)and male


rassstaff)voices.Singalongwiththe one whichhestsuitsyourvoicerange.The Íirst note and last
-_oteoÍ a majorscalealwayshavethe samename.ln the C majorscalethedistancefromthe lowest
C to the C noteaboveit is oneoctave.Thisexampleis oneoctaveof the C malorscale.EachoÍ the
oicesis alsoone octaveapart.

@ft.

So La Ti Do Do Ti La So Fa Mi Re Do