1 views

Uploaded by Rakesh Kumar

Hydrology

- thermo fluids hw 2
- Pipe Sizing Techniques
- A2 postlab..
- Flow Regulation in Penstock
- Module 4a - Line Sizing Calculation
- 3445603526352
- Direct Numerical Simulation of a Fully Developed Turbulent Flow Over a Wavy Wall
- Engineering Guide
- osborne.docx
- 4.2 Drill Bit Hydraulics (ADS)
- Ch. 8 Viscous Flow in Pipes
- CEWB121 Exp 3 Full Report
- 2Reynolds Number
- Lecture Notes on Fluid Mechanics
- Viscous Flow
- borulama
- water Lab computational
- tech_note_7
- Gas Flow Drop Factor
- MEC132 F3 1819 Solutions

You are on page 1of 4

Given:

Depth of water, d = 10 mm

Temperature of water, tw = 200C

Shear stress, = 0.01 N/m2

It states that the shear stress between adjacent layers is proportional to

the velocity gradients between the two layers.

=

Where, = Shear stress

= dynamic viscosity, and

du/dy = velocity gradient

As we know, the dynamic viscosity of water is 1.002 × 10−3 Pa. s.

= 9.98

du = 9.98*10*10 -3

= 9.98*10-2 m/s

2. Given:

Height of inlet, h1 = 0.7 m

Height of outlet, h2 = 0.1 m

Assume that the pressure at both inlet and outlet are same, equal to

atmospheric pressure. So, P1 = P2 = Patms= 0 (gauge pressure).

Velocity at inlet, u = 0 m/s

Velocity at outlet, V =?

Density of water = 1000 kg/m3

According to Bernoulli equation, we get

P1 + gh1+ ½ u2 = P2 + gh2 + ½ V2

Therefore,

0 + 1000*9.8*0.7 + ½ 1000*0 = 0 + 1000*9.8*0.1 + ½ 1000*V 2

1000*9.8*0.7 = 1000*9.8*0.1 + ½ 1000*V2

V2 = 11.76

V = 3.429 m/s

3. Given:

Diameter of hose, d = 20 mm = 0.02 m

Steady discharge through hose, Q = 2 x 10 -4 m3/s

Viscosity of water, = 1 x 10-3 Pa. s

Density of water, = 1000 kg/m3

The Reynolds number is the ratio of inertial forces to viscous forces.

It is a dimensionless number comprised of the physical characteristics

of the flow. An increasing Reynolds number indicates increasing

turbulence of flow. It is defined as:

Area of flow, A = /4 D2

A = 3.141 x 10-4 m2

Velocity, V = = 0.636 m/s

.

Therefore,

( ∗ . ∗ . )

ReD = = 12720

Hence, the flow is turbulent flow because the Reynolds number higher

than 4000 is turbulent.

b) Friction factor

The friction factor is a function of different terms:

VD VD

f F R e , F , F ,

D D D

As the roughness factor is neglected (e/D = 0), the friction factor

is equal to

0.316

f 1/ 4

NR

f = 0.316/ (12720)1/4

= 0.316/10.61

= 0.029

Head loss = 𝑓

( . )

= 0.029 ∗

. ∗ ∗ .

= 0.0299

c) Change in pressure through the hose of the diameter of 20 mm.

According to Poiseuille’s law,

∆

Q=-

( . ) ∆

Q=-

∗ ∗

Q = - 1.25*10-7 P

2 x 10-4 = - 1.25*10-7 P

Or, P = - 1.6*103 Pa

Therefore, the change in pressure over a 10 m length of hose is 1.6 x 103

Pa drop.

4. Given:

Lava characteristics

Density,

L = 2700 kg/m3

Viscosity, =1 x 103 Pa.s

Diameter, d = 1.0 m

Pressure gradient = -2.0 kPa/m

∆

Q=-

∗ . ∗( )

Q=-

∗ ∗

Reynolds number is defined as:

Area of flow, A = /4 D2

A = 0.78 m2

.

Velocity, V = = 6.28 x 10-5 m/s

.

Therefore,

( ∗ . ∗ ∗ )

ReD = = 1.69 x 10-4

5. Given:

Rectangular channel characteristics at upstream station

Depth of water flow, d= 1.5 m

Wide, L= 3 m

Discharge, Q = 1.5 m3/s

Specific discharge, q = Q/A

q = 1.5/ (3*1.5)

q = 0.33 m/s

Specific Energy, Es = h +

.

Es = 1.5 +

∗ . ∗ .

= 1.5 + 2.46*10-3

= 1.50246 m

Depth of water flow, d= 1.6 m

Wide, L= 3 m

Discharge, Q = 1.5 m3/s

Specific discharge, q = Q/A

q = 1.5/ (3*1.6)

q = 0.3125 m/s

Specific Energy, Es = h +

.

Es = 1.5 +

∗ . ∗ .

= 1.5 + 2.46*10-3

= 1.5019 m

- thermo fluids hw 2Uploaded byKris Gonzalez
- Pipe Sizing TechniquesUploaded bymsh
- A2 postlab..Uploaded bypjrapanut
- Flow Regulation in PenstockUploaded bysunilghaju
- Module 4a - Line Sizing CalculationUploaded byEkundayo John
- 3445603526352Uploaded bySata Ajjam
- Direct Numerical Simulation of a Fully Developed Turbulent Flow Over a Wavy WallUploaded byckhaled3
- Engineering GuideUploaded byRené Galbraith Berra
- osborne.docxUploaded byrarurirore999
- 4.2 Drill Bit Hydraulics (ADS)Uploaded byDE-PAT
- Ch. 8 Viscous Flow in PipesUploaded byGopi Nath
- CEWB121 Exp 3 Full ReportUploaded byNur Fareha
- 2Reynolds NumberUploaded byprasad_rvs
- Lecture Notes on Fluid MechanicsUploaded bysakura9999
- Viscous FlowUploaded bydawoodabdullah56
- borulamaUploaded byisyent
- water Lab computationalUploaded byNicole Cruz
- tech_note_7Uploaded byChristian Cândido
- Gas Flow Drop FactorUploaded bygdonina
- MEC132 F3 1819 SolutionsUploaded byAli Alanni
- reynolds.pdfUploaded byCamilo Alberto Nausa Galeano
- lecture3.pdfUploaded byLUIS ISAAC LEON PARO
- !@@@@@ Construção Curva de shields.pdfUploaded byRAFAEL SILVA
- 08 Viscous FlowUploaded byumeshana
- 08 Viscous FlowUploaded byPaulo Bueno
- Robert E. Bartels and Thomas B. Gatski- Prediction of Transonic Vortex Flows Using Linear and Nonlinear Turbulent Eddy Viscosity ModelsUploaded byWhiteLighte
- FAQ Lecture 6Uploaded byjtoreroc
- 4872819_friction_factor.pdfUploaded byKazim Raza
- ch2_3.pdfUploaded byRishok
- REYNOLD.docxUploaded byAhmadNafis

- Civil Engineering-Construction of equipotential maps.Uploaded bylim.chris
- EffectsofBiocharApplicationonBeneficialSoilOrganismReviewByLetaAjema.pdfUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- synergisticactionozoneandCO2Envmoniassess2013Uploaded byRakesh Kumar
- A Multi-Criteria Assessment of Water Supply in UgaUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- A Review on Micro Plastic Traces in Water BodiesUploaded byGRD Journals
- Achu_DEMUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- CHE504_-_Lab_Report_on_Gas_Absorption_L8.pdfUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- Absorption Column Lab PowerpointUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- aqtw20070719.pdfUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- HW1 RakeshUploaded byRakesh Kumar
- GE441-Lecture5-2.pdfUploaded byhamza
- Guide Groundwater Hydrology CAREWATER 2008Uploaded byRakesh Kumar
- Assignment 3Uploaded byRakesh Kumar
- Invasive Species.pdfUploaded byRakesh Kumar

- CHAPTR-3Uploaded byShashank Shekhar
- 2017-04-03 Mechanica 6 Toets 1 ENGUploaded byShaheer Mirza
- ME2353 Finite Element Analysis Lecture NotesUploaded bychinna
- 4PH0_2P_que_20160125.pdfUploaded bydadajee420
- Series and Parallel PumpUploaded bybandar
- Design of Steel Cable Stayed Bridges With Low Height TowerUploaded byAnonymous IwqK1Nl
- SteelUploaded byHeri Istiono
- ch2_1_25Uploaded bygianfranco361
- Mining Science and Technology 1991 Vol.12 p.79 88Uploaded byDicki Setiawan
- Tr 43 Post Tensioned Concrete Floors Design HandbookUploaded byAna Luisa Coelho
- DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF BEAMS BY USING THE FINITE ELEMENT METHODUploaded byAkshay Bura
- Rheology, Compounding and Processing of Filled ThermoplasticsUploaded byjr_hernando_enal3852
- Exact ‘antigravity-field’ solutions of Einstein’s equation (WWW.OLOSCIENCE.COM)Uploaded byFausto Intilla
- Solved paper Thermal science AMIE.pdfUploaded byhibhavu
- WB2-2-Di Felice - Numerical and Experimental Analysis of the Wake Beha.pdfUploaded byasdas
- Circular Motion Lesson 2Uploaded byrebbieg
- Relative MotionUploaded byiitforum
- Robot Modeling and ControlUploaded bywoahsxd
- elastic stressUploaded bywingnut999
- Curvatura en CigueñalUploaded byMelquisedec Batista
- SDC 4-5-6 - Draft Consolidated Explanatory Notes for the Second Generation Intact Stability Criteria (United States)Uploaded bypraveench1888
- Buckling 03Uploaded bythanzawtun1981
- The International Journal of Engineering and Science (The IJES)Uploaded bytheijes
- Chapter 12b First Law of ThermodynamicsUploaded byPathmanathan Nadeson
- Conc Design TheoryUploaded byIsidro Buquiron
- 60002-POS-CAL-26PF-No14-Beam14,14a-BCW-St-NoiVaoH488x300x11x18-Weld-7mm-R1-2018-07-19-GuiANamUploaded byNguyễn Duy Quang
- PHY10 Finals ReviewerUploaded byIdate Patrick
- Lab 5Uploaded byCem Usmangil
- Strength of Materials 2017 by S K MondalUploaded bySoumen Bhatta
- NS101 UniverseModule ExtraStudyQuestionsFall2016Uploaded bybidsitlov