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Physics 7B Midterm 2 Equation Sheet - Fall 2018

For a point charge Q:


~ = 1 Q r̂
E V =
1 Q
4π0 r2 4π0 r

0 A ρl
C= R=
d A
1
K = mv 2
2

Volume element in spherical coordinates: dV = r2 sin(θ)drdθdφ

Volume element in cylindrical coordinates: dV = rdrdzdφ

Area element in polar coordinates: dA = rdrdθ


ˆ √ ˆ  
1   1 1 x
dx = ln x + a 2 + x2 + C dx = tan−1 +C
(a2 + x2 )1/2 (a + x2 )
2 a a
ˆ ˆ   
1 x 1 1 ax −1 x
2 2 3/2
dx = √ +C dx = 3 + tan +C
(a + x ) a a2 + x 2
2 (a2 + x2 )2 2a a2 + x2 a
ˆ √ ˆ
x x 1
dx = a2 + x 2 + C dx = − √ +C
(a2 + x2 )1/2 (a2 + x2 )3/2 a2 + x 2

x2 x4 n(n − 1) 2
cos(x) = 1 − + ··· (1 + x)n = 1 + nx + x + ···
2 24 2

x3 x2
sin(x) = x − + ··· ex = 1 + x + + ···
6 2

x2 x3
ln(1 + x) = x − + + ···
2 3