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# PROJECT PROPOSAL

Project Proposal

Project Mates:
Section A

## Aaisha Abid(16PWELE 4866)

Mohsin Javed (16PWELE 4865)
Muhammad Talha (16 PWELE 4869)

## Subject: Power Electronics

Teacher: Sir. Faheem Ali
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PROJECT PROPOSAL

## Half Wave Phase Control

Phase control is the most common form of thyristor AC power control and a basic AC phase-control
circuit can be constructed as shown above. Here the thyristors Gate voltage is derived from the RC
charging circuit via the trigger diode, D1.
During the positive half-cycle when the thyristor is forward biased, capacitor, C charges up via
resistor R1 following the AC supply voltage. The Gate is activated only when the voltage at
point A has risen enough to cause the trigger diode D1, to conduct and the capacitor discharges into
the Gate of the thyristor turning it “ON”. The time duration in the positive half of the cycle at which
conduction starts is controlled by RC time constant set by the variable resistor, R1.
Increasing the value of R1 has the effect of delaying the triggering voltage and current supplied to
the thyristors Gate which in turn causes a lag in the devices conduction time. As a result, the fraction
of the half-cycle over which the device conducts can be controlled between 0 and 180o, which
means that the average power dissipated by the lamp can be adjusted.
Components:
Sinusoidal source
SCR
Diodes
Capacitors
Resistors
LED
Transformer
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Unijunction transistors.
Dc power supplies.

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## Universal Circuit Using Transistors

Source:
We supply an AC sinusoidal input signal to the circuit. Main ac supply is step down to the desire value.

RECTIFICATION:
AC Signal is rectified in the circuit with the help of full wave rectifier.

## It has 4 diodes and 2 of them conducting in each half cycle.

It generates pulsating DC, which is modified, and the signal is improved by installing a capacitor across it. The Peak Value
is approximately equal to the Maximum Value of AC source but in this case, drops across thyristors are also put in
consideration.

## Frequency: 2 times AC input signal

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ZENER DIODE:
Zener diode is used in parallel with the rectification circuit for the protection of the circuit. Zener diode do not allow the
flow of current beyond a curtain limit.

## RESISTOR AND CAPACITOR:

Resistor and capacitor are inserted in parallel to the Zener diode and the controlled voltage which has been regulated by
the Zener diode is now across these components as well. Variable resistor and capacitor are connected in series with
each other. Capacitor is charged and discharged exponentially and the delay in the charging is caused by the varying
resistor. Capacitance generates the pulses, which triggers the switching of the transistor.

Transistor:
Pulses generated with the help of capacitor reaches the base of the transistor and making it short circuit according to
the wave form generated cross the capacitor. Transistor is used as a switch in the circuitry.

Emitter terminal is connected with the source and SCR is connected with the collector terminal of the BJT. To provide
triggering pulses to multiple SCRs we can actually connect them in parallel

Unijunction transistor:
It is a type of transistor which has two bases and one emitter. It is used to as relaxation oscillator and triggering circuit
for scr. It has construction as shown in figure.

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