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# CONDENSATE TANK TRENCH CALCULATION

SHEET 5 OF 7

CALCULATION REMARKS

## 4.1 Design Data

Allowable bearing capacity, qa = 60.00 kN/m2 Geotechnical Report
Unit Weight of Soil, γs = 18.00 kN/m3
Unit Weight of Concrete, γ c = 25.00 kN/m3
Characteristic strength of concrete, f cu = 30.00 N/mm2
Characteristic strength of steel, fy = 410.00 N/mm2
Unit Weight of Water, γ w = 10.00 kN/m3
Factor of safety, fs = 1.40 Clause 2.2.2, BS 8007

4.2 Notes
1. A 1.0 m strip of condensate tank trench will be assumed in the analysis and design.
2. Assume surcharge weight of, ƿs = 10 kN/m2
3. Swamp Area, the whole area filled with water due to rain, Sa = 4.00 m2

## 4.3 Condensate Tank Trench Dimensions

Wall Thickness (h) = 350.00 mm
Top Slab Thickness (ht) = 0.00 mm
Base Slab Thickness (Bh) = 500.00 mm
Length of Wall, L (Center to Center) = 9.28 m
Width of Wall, B (Center to center) = 5.19 m
Depth of Wall, D = 4.35 m
Recess on each face of the base, Re = 1.15 m
Plinth Length (PL) = 2.30 m
Plinth Width (PW) = 0.30 m
Plinth Height (PH) = 0.30 m
Angle of internal Friction (Assumed) = 30.00 °
Coefficient of active Pressure, Ka = 0.33
1 m strip width, b = 1,000 mm
Assumed design crack width = 0.20 mm Clause 2.2.3.3, BS 8007

## 4.4 Load cases considered

Case 1 - When the Trench is empty
Case 2 - When the Trench is filled with water

4.5 Cover
Condition of exposure is severe, hence cover to reinforcement > 40mm Clause 3.3.7 ,Table 3.3,
Minimum Fire Resistance 2hrs, Table 3.4, BS 8110
Cover, C = 50.00 mm
Assumed Bar size, Φ = 16.00 mm
Wall Effective Depth, dw dw= h-c-(Φ/2) = 292.00 mm
Base slab effective Depth, ds ds = Bh-c-(Φ/2) = 442.00 mm

## 4.6 Case 1 - When the Trench is empty

Horizontal Forces
Surcharge Force, Ps Ps = Ka*D*ƿs*fs = 20.30 kN
Pore Pressure(Water), Pb Pb = γw*0.5*(D)^2*fs = 132.46 kN
Submerged Force, Psb Psb = (γs-γw) *Ka*0.5*(D)^2*fs = 35.32 kN
Total Force = 188.08 kN

## 4.7 Design of Walls

Moment about centre line of the wall
Surcharge Moment, Ms Ms = Ps*(D)/2 = 44.15 kNm
Earth Moment, Mb Mb = Pb*(D)/3 = 192.06 kNm
Submerged Moment, Msb Msb = Psb*(D)/3 = 51.22 kNm
Total Moment = 287.43 kNm

4.8 Bending
Maximum Moment, M max = 287.43 kNm
k k = Mmax/fcubdw2 = 0.112 < 0.156 OK
z/dw z/d = (0.5+√(0.25-k/0.9)) = 0.85 < 0.95 Clause 3.4.4, BS 8110
z = 249.30 mm
As As = M/0.95fyz = 3,429.42 mm2/m
2
Asmin Asmin = 0.13%bh = 455.00 mm /m
Asreq = 3429.42 mm2/m
2
Asprov. = 3,930.00 mm /m Provide Y25 @ 125 c/c
Near Face
4.9 Case 2 - When the Trench is filled with water
2
Internal water Force, Po Po = γw*D*fs = 60.90 kN/m
Moment M = Po*(D/3)*0.5 = 44.15 kNm
SHEET 6 OF 7

CALCULATION REMARKS

4.10 Bending
Maximum Moment, M max Mmax = M = 44.15 kN/m
k k = Mmax/fcubdw2 = 0.017 < 0.156 OK
z/dw z/d = (0.5+√(0.25-k/0.9)) = 0.98 > 0.95 Use 0.95
z = 277.40 mm
As As = M/0.95fyz = 408.64 mm2
Asmin Asmin = 0.13%bh = 455.00 mm2
2
Asreq = 455.00 mm Provide Y12 @ 150 c/c
2
Asprov. = 754.00 mm Far Face

Distribution Bars
Asmin Asmin = 0.13%bh = 455 mm2
Thermal Cracking Check
Steel ratio, p p = Asprov/(b*h) = 0.011 Appendix A, BS 8007
( fct / fb) = 0.67 Table A.1, BS 8007
Maximum Crack Spacing, Smax Smax = (fct/fb)*(Φ/2*p) = 477.4
o
Temperature, T = 30.00
Linear expansion of concrete, αc = 0.000010
Max. crack width (Wmax) Wmax = Smax*T*αc/2 = 0.07 OK

## Check for Critical Steel Ratio

Direct tensile strength in concrete, fct (for Grade 30 concrete) = 1.30 N/mm2 BS 8007
Characteristic Strength of Steel, fy = 410.00 N/mm2
Critical steel ratio, rcrit = 0.0032 OK
Area of total reinforcement in both faces (As) = rcrit*bh% = 1,109.76 mm2

## 4.11 Base Design

Check for Floatation
Weight of water displaced, Wd Wd = (L+h)*(B+h)*D*γw = 2134.01 kN
Weight of Side Walls (2 No), Ww Ww = 2*(D-Bh)*(L+h)*h*γc = 648.82 kN
Weight of Front Walls (2 No), Ww Ww = 2*(D-Bh)*(B-h)*h*γc = 326.10 kN
Weight of base, Wb Wb = (L+h+2Re)*(B+h+2Re)*Bh*γc = 1169.14 kN
Weight of top slab, Ws Ws = (L+h)*(B+h)*h*γc = 0.00 kN
Weight of plinth, Wp Ws = 2(PW*PL*PD*γc ) = 10.35 kN
Total weight of tank trench Tw = Ww+Wb+Ws+Wp = 2154.41 kN
Floatation ratio Tw/Wd = 1.01 OK

## Bearing Pressure Check

Total Weight of Tank Trench Structure = 2154.41 KN
Weight of Condensate Tank (Filled with Water), Wc = 453.39 KN
Area of Base Slab = 93.53 m2
Bearing pressure = 27.88 kN/m2 27.88kN/m2 < 60kN/m2
OK
Loading
Total Trench Tank Load, Tl Tl = Tw*1.4 = 3016.17 kN
Weight of Condensate Storage Tank (Filled with Water) Wc = Wc*1.4 = 634.75 kN
Ultimate Load = 3650.91 kN
Assume the load is evenly distributed over the base
Base Area = 93.53 m2
Design Load(n) = 39.03 kN/m2
Aspect Raio Ly/Lx = 1.79
The base will therefore be designed as two way spanning slab (Interior Panel)

Mid Span
Ɓsx = 0.045 Table 3.14, BS 8110
Ɓsy = 0.024 Table 3.14, BS 8110
Msx Msx = ƁsxnLx2 = 47.31 kN-m
Msy Msy = ƁsynLx2 = 25.23 kN-m

Bending
Maximum Span Moment, M max = 47.31 kN-m
2
k k = Mmax/fcubds = 0.008 < 0.156 OK
z/ds z/d = (0.5+√(0.25-k/0.9)) = 0.99 > 0.95 Use 0.95
z = 419.90 mm
As As = M/0.95fyz = 289.29 mm2
Asmin Asmin = 0.13%bBh = 455.00 mm2
2
Asreq = 455.00 mm
Asprov. = 1,340.00 mm2 Provide Y16 @ 150 c/c T

Continous Edge
Ɓsx = 0.060 Table 3.14, BS 8110
Ɓsy = 0.032 Table 3.14, BS 8110
2
Msx (Moment along Short Span Direction) Msx = ƁsxnLx = 63.09 kN-m
Msy (Moment along Long Span Direction) Msy = ƁsynLx2 = 33.65 kN-m

Bending
Maximum Edge Moment, M max = 63.09 kN/m
2
k k = Mmax/fcubds = 0.011 < 0.156 OK
z/ds z/d = (0.5+√(0.25-k/0.9)) = 0.99 > 0.95 Use 0.95
SHEET 7 OF 7

CALCULATION REMARKS

z = 419.90 mm
As As = M/0.95fyz = 385.73 mm2
2
Asmin Asmin = 0.13%bh = 455.00 mm
2
Asreq = 455.00 mm
Asprov. = 1,340.00 mm2 Provide Y16 @ 150 c/c B

Abreviations
fct - direct tensile srength in concrete
fb - average bond strength between concrete and steel
Ɓsx - (Short Span Moment Coefficient )
Ɓsy - (Long Span Moment Coefficient )
T - Top
B - Bottom