You are on page 1of 11

1 (a) State the balanced chemical equation for photosynthesis.

light
............................................................... chlorophyll ...............................................................

[2]

A student investigated the effect of different wavelengths of light on the rate of photosynthesis of
the water plant, Cabomba.

The student used the apparatus shown in Fig. 6.1.


OFF

tap syringe
1
2
3
4
0.0 5
graduated tube gas
0.5

1.0

1% sodium
hydrogencarbonate
solution

funnel

Cabomba

bench lamp
coloured filter

Fig. 6.1

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(b) The student collected the gas produced by the plant for five minutes. The results are shown
in Table 6.1.

Table 6.1

colour of filter wavelength of volume of gas


3
light / nm collected / cm

violet 400 0.80

blue 475 0.80

green 550 0.20

yellow 600 0.40

red 675 0.90

Describe the effect of wavelength of light on the rate of photosynthesis as shown in the student’s
results in Table 6.1.

You will gain credit if you use data from the table.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [3]

(c) State how the student would calculate the rates of photosynthesis from the results in Table 6.1.

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................... [1]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(d) State why the student:

(i) kept the lamp at the same distance during the investigation,

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii) used sodium hydrogencarbonate solution.

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [1]

(e) State three uses in a plant of the carbohydrate produced in photosynthesis.

1.........................................................................................................................................

2.........................................................................................................................................

3.........................................................................................................................................

[3]

[Total: 11]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
2 Fig. 2.1 is a flow chart that shows the events that occur as light travels through the eye.

light reflected
by an object

light enters the eye and


passes through the cornea

light passes
through the lens

light enters
tissue X

light is absorbed
by rod cells

impulse is
generated

impulse is transmitted
to the brain

Fig. 2.1

(a) (i) State the name of the tissue X.

................................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii) State the name of the nerve that transmits impulses from the eye to the brain.

................................................................................................................................ [1]

(iii) State what happens to rays of light as they enter the cornea and the lens.

................................................................................................................................ [1]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(iv) Describe the role of rod cells.

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [2]

(b) A plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, was placed on its side in the dark. Fig. 2.2 is a series of drawings
made of the plant, over seven days, as it responded to a change in its surroundings.

Fig. 2.2

(i) State the stimulus to which the plant responded.

................................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii) Name the growth response shown by the plant.

................................................................................................................................ [2]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(iii) Explain the advantage to plants of the growth response shown in Fig. 2.2.

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [2]

(iv) Auxins control the growth responses of seedlings.

Explain how auxins control the growth response of A. thaliana, shown in Fig. 2.2.

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................ [4]

[Total: 14]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
3 A student carried out an investigation to find the effect of carbon dioxide concentration on the rate
of photosynthesis of an aquatic plant.

The apparatus that the student used is shown in Fig. 2.1. The student was advised to use a light
meter positioned at the same distance from the lamp as the pond plant. The student counted the
number of bubbles produced by the cut end of the stem.

dilute sodium
hydrogencarbonate
solution
thermometer
movable lamp

stop watch

water-bath
pond plant
0 15
ruler cm

Fig. 2.1

(a) Explain why the student included the following in the apparatus.

(i) The beaker of water and the thermometer.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[2]

(ii) The light meter and the ruler.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[2]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(b) The results obtained by the student are shown in Fig. 2.2.

25

Y
20
rate of
photosynthesis 15
/ number of
bubbles X
10
per minute
5

0
0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50
carbon dioxide concentration / %

Fig. 2.2

(i) Describe the student’s results.

You will gain credit if you use data from Fig. 2.2 in your answer.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[3]

(ii) State the factor that is limiting the rate of photosynthesis in region X of the graph.

.......................................................................................................................................[1]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(iii) Suggest and explain the reasons for the shape of the graph in region Y.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[4]

(c) Counting bubbles may not be the best way to measure the rate of photosynthesis. The volume
of the bubbles is not always exactly the same.

Suggest and explain one alternative way of measuring the gas given off to solve this problem.

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................[3]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(d) Fig. 2.3 shows the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere as determined at Mauna
Loa in Hawaii between 1959 and 2013.

400 range of
values

380

concentration
of carbon 360
dioxide in the mean value
atmosphere
/ parts per 340
million

320

300
1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
year

Fig. 2.3

(i) Explain why the concentration of carbon dioxide has increased between 1959 and 2013.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[2]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com
(ii) Global warming is largely due to this increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Explain how increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations contribute to global


warming.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................[4]

[Total: 21]

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com