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Simple Present Tense

Simple present tense adalah bentuk tense yang paling umum digunakan. Bentuk ini biasanya digunakan untuk
menunjukan fakta, kebiasaan, dan kejadian yang terjadi pada saat ini.
Rumus Kata Sinyal Kalimat Positif Kalimat Negatif Kalimat Tanya

Does he work very
always, every, never,
Subject + Verb He always works He does not hard in the
normally, often,
1 (present very hard in the work very hard company?
sometimes, usually,
form) company in the company. Yes, he does. /
seldom
No, he does not.

Present Continuous Tense
Present continuous tense biasanya digunakan untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung saat
pembicaraan sedang berlangsung atau bisa juga digunakan untuk rencana di masa depan.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Subject + Is he playing
am/is/are + at the moment, just Look! He is talkingHe is not playing computer games
Verb -ing now, now, right with his computer games at the moment?
(continuous now, Listen!, Look! classmates. now. Yes, he is. / No,
form) he is not.

Present Perfect Tense
Present perfect tense menekankan pada hasil. Tense ini menunjukkan aksi yang masih sedang
berlangsung atau baru saja selesai.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Has he completed
Subject +
already, ever, just, the arrangement
has/have+ He has already He has not been
never, not yet, so for the coming
Verb III (past finished his to Australia so
far, till now, up to event up to now?
participle homework. far.
now Yes, he has.
form)
/ No, he has not.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Present perfect continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik
dimasa lampau atau aksi telah dimulai di masa lalu dan terus berlanjut sampai sekarang. Biasanya aksi
tersebut ada durasi waktu tertentu dan ada relevansinya dengan kondisi sekarang.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question
Subject + Has he been
HAS/HAVE + for the past 5 years, playing the
He has been He has not been
BEEN + Verb - how long …?, the computer game
working here speaking for the
ing whole week, since all day?
since 1996. last 3 hours.
(continuous xxxx Yes, he has. / No,
form) he has not.

Simple Past Tense
Simple past tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatukejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

yesterday, 2 minutes Did he pay the bill
Last year, he He did not go to
Subject + Verb ago, in 1996, last yesterday? Yes, he
always worked school this
II (past form) Thursday, this did. / No, he did
into night. morning.
morning not.

Past Continuous Tense
Past continuous tense digunakan untuk mengungkapkan bahwa suatu aksi sedang terjadi pada waktu
tertentu di masa lampau. Biasanya ada dua kejadian di masa lampau dan satu kejadian menginterupsi
kejadian yang lain.Kejadian yang sedang diinterupsi tersebut yang menggunakan past continuous tense.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Was he writing
Subject + He was not the letter to his
WAS/WERE + when, while, as long He was speaking doing his parents when I
Verb -ing as, at this time when I entered in homework at was out last
(continuous yesterday room. this time Tuesday?
form) yesterday. Yes, he was. / No,
he was not.

Past Perfect Tense
Past perfect tense digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah kejadian yang terjadi sebelum waktu tertentu di
masa lampau dan lebih menekankan pada fakta daripada durasi.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Had he entered
the company
Subject + HAD before yesterday, till He had finished He had not been before he
+ Verb III (past three days ago, his designs before a high school achieved his
participle already, until that he went to work student until last master degree in
form) day yesterday. year. 1990?
Yes, he had.
/ No, he had not.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past perfect continuous tense hampir serupa dengan past perfect tense. Digunakan untuk mengungkapkan
suatu aksi yang terjadi di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu, tapi
tense ini menekankan pada durasi kejadiannya.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Had he been
Subject + HAD He was told that
He said that he speaking for the
+ BEEN + Verb his teacher had
for, since, the whole had been working whole class
-ing been waiting for
day, all day here for ten before I entered?
(continuous him since 2 p.m
years. Yes, he had. / No,
form) yesterday.
he had not.

Simple Future Tense
Simple Future tense mengindikasikan suatu aksi di masa yang akan datang dan tidak dapat dipengaruhi. Dapat
juga digunakan untuk pembuatan keputusan di masa depan yang spontan atau asumsi yang berhubungan
dengan masa yang akan datang. “Will” dan “be going to” merupakan 2 indikator umum pada tenses ini.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

He will not play
Subject + computer games Will he go to the
He is going to be
“WILL/ BE in a year, next …, anymore cinema tomorrow
journalist after he
GOING TO” + tomorrow, next because he with us?
graduate next
Verb (present week, five days later understand how Yes, he will. / No,
year.
form) harmful they he will not.
are.

Future Continuous Tense
Future continuous tense menunjukkan aksi yang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang
dan aksi yang pasti akan terjadi dalam waktu dekat.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

He will be
Subject + He will not be Will he be playing
delivering the
“WILL/BE doing the task football next
speech to
GOING TO” + tomorrow morning, in the office this morning in the
undergraduates
“BE” + Verb in one year afternoon playground? Yes,
at 3 p.m
(continuous because he is he will./ No, he will
tomorrow
form) sick. not.
afternoon.
Future Perfect Tense
Future perfect tense menekankan pada aksi yang akan berakhir pada waktu tertentu di masa yang akan
datang.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Will he have
Subject + He will not have
finished the task
“WILL HAVE” + He will have finished the
by next Monday, in a in a
Verb II (past finished the task given task by
week week? Yes,
participle by next Monday. tomorrow
he will./ No, he
form) evening.
will not.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Hampir sama dengan semua jenis perfect continuous tense, future perfect continuous
tense merupakan serangkaian aksi yang terjadi sebelum waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Subject + Will he have been
“WILL HAVE He will have been He will not have doing the
BEEN” + Verb for the last couple of taking charge of been doing the research all day
III (past hours, all day long the team for the task for the last long? Yes,
participle next hour. couple of hours. he will./ No, he
form) will not.

Past Future Tense
Past future tense pada dasarnya digunakan dalam kalimat yang tidak langsung, dimana terdapat perubahan
bentuk untuk menyesuaikan dengan rangkaian peristiwa yang ada.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

He did not Did you tell him
Subject +
He said that he promise that he when I would
“SHOULD/WOULD”
would leave in would buy you arrive? Yes,
+ Verb (present
three days. a new I did. / No, I did
form)
computer. not.

Past Future Continuous Tense
Past future continuous tense menekankan pada serangkaian atau durasi sebuah aksi terjadi. Sebagai
tambahan, ini juga biasanya digunakan pada kalimat tidak langsung.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question
I did not tell Did you say that
I made a promise
anyone that I you would be
Subject + that I would be
would be giving working hard in
“SHOULD/WOULD doing my
a speech to the next
BE” + Verb homework all
undergraduates week? Yes, I did
(continuous form) day long
for the next / No, I did
tomorrow.
whole morning. not.

Past Future Perfect Tense
Terdapat 3 waktu dalam past future perfect yang terjadi di masa lalu. Menunjuk pada waktu yang akan
datang, waktu tertentu di masa lalu, tetapi aksi yang terjadi harus sudah selesai sebelum waktu yang
akan datang. Dan biasanya digunakan pada kalimat tidak langsung.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Did you say that
He told the He said that he
Subject + you would have
students that would not have
“SHOULD/WOULD been a doctor in
they should have made such a
HAVE BEEN” + three years?
finished the mistake if he
Verb III (past Yes, I did
homework this had taken my
participle form) / No, I did
morning. advice.
not.

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Past future perfect continuous tense merupakan bentuk tense yang cukup sulit. Namun, kamu dapat
mempelajarinya dari past future perfect tense. Bedanya, past future perfect tense menekankan pada durasi
waktu yang sudah berlalu dan hasil.
Pattern Signal Words Affirmative Negative Question

Would he have
I did not know been explaining
Subject + I heard that you
that he would to the workers if
“SHOULD/WOULD should have been
have been he had made the
HAVE BEEN” + teaching here for
working for the information
Verb (continuous ten years by this
past three hoursclear?
form) July.
by that time. Yes, he would /
No, he would not.