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METHOLOGY

This chapter presents the preparation of the sample materials and equipment, testing

procedures, details and equations that are used in investigating the physical, mechanical, and

The to be used in this research are silica sand, epoxy resin, and fine aggregates. These

materials will be used to make a deterioration resistant polymer concrete. The materials will be

applied according to the methods as stated in 3.3 Use of the Materials and Procedures of

Application. The equipment and apparatus to be used will involve the basic and standard tools as

test method to characterize porous materials to non-porous materials. This test

presents a simple method for such measurement which gives a basis for selection

equipment and materials for this test are glass flask, cold water, ceramic plate,

Procedures:

parallelepiped. When using cubes, the sides should not be more than 2 in. (50

2. Wash the samples using cold water before beginning the test to eliminate

dusty material from the surface. Weigh the specimens to the nearest 1 mg (D)

3. Place the weighed specimens in the flask and add water until the specimens

are completely submerged. Leave the specimens submerged for at least 1 day.

4. After getting the specimens, wipe it with cloth. Then put the specimens in the

oven to dry. Leave the specimens to dry in the oven for at least 1 day.

5. After oven drying, weigh the oven dried specimens to get its saturated weight

𝑊−𝐷

𝐴=( ) 𝑥100%

𝑊

3.4.2 Mechanical Properties

resistant polymer concrete can be determined using a 2-inch (50 mm) specimens.

Caution must be practiced in using the results of this test method to anticipate the

Procedures:

1. Place the bearing block, with its hardened face up, on the table or platen of the

testing machine directly under the bearing block. Wipe clean the bearing faces

of the upper and lower bearing blocks and of the test specimen and place the

2. Apply the load continuously and without shock. Test at a rate of 41 MPa/min

𝑊

𝑆=

(𝐿1 )(𝐿2 )

Where:

L1 and L2 = cross-section dimensions of cube measured in mm (inch)

Procedures:

1. Measure the depth and width of all specimens using a micrometer. Make two

measurements for each dimension in the middle of the beam’s length and

average them.

2. The testing machine shall be set up to test the specimens in simple bending

with two supports and the load being applied by means of a loading nose

3. To achieve a strain rate per minute at the top and bottom of the beam, set the

below.

(0.00167)(𝐿2 )

𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 =

𝑑

Where:

L = span in mm (inch)

3𝑃𝐿

𝑆= (𝑏𝑑 2 )

2

Where:

L = span in mm (inch)

5. The tangent modulus of elasticity is the ratio, within the elastic limit, of stress

𝑀1

𝐸𝑇 = 𝐿3 ( ) 𝑏𝑑 3

4

Where:

L = span in mm (inch)

any specified point of the stress strain curve in GPa. The secant modulus of

elasticity shall be calculated at the point at which deflection is 50% of the

𝑀2

𝐸𝑇 = 𝐿3 ( ) 𝑏𝑑 3

4

Where:

L = span in mm (inch)

M2 = slope of a line drawn from the origin through the point on the load

Procedure:

micrometer.

2. Prior to immersion, record a brief description of the color and surface

appearance of the specimens and the color and clarity of the test medium. Add

3. Clean the specimens by rinsing it in cold water and quick dry by blotting with

a cloth between each rinse. After the final blotting, allow the specimen to dry

for one and a half hour resting on its curved surface before weighing.

in a test medium and compare its compressive strength of specimens that are

specimen during immersion for each test period, taking the compressive

𝑆2 − 𝑆1

𝐶ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒 𝑖𝑛 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ, % = ( ) 𝑥100%

𝑆1

Where:

immersion in a particular test medium at a given temperature, plotting the

percentage of change in compressive as the y-axis and the test period, in days,

as the x-axis.

𝑊−𝐶

𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒, % = ( ) 𝑥100%

𝐶

Where:

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