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CONTENTS December 2018 Vol 01 | Issue 02

14 20 30 46

50 28 57

55 60

Smart Water & Waste World covers some of the cutting-edge water
treatment technologies being applied around the world, while having an
indepth look at the most pressing issues concerning the water sector.








<< editor’s note

When the Well Runs Dry
his month, we have covered some of the cutting-edge water treatment technologies and best
practices being applied around the world, while also having a look at some of the most press-
ing issues concerning the water sector.
It is said that we already have enough water in the world to meet everyone’s needs. The problem is
that this water is not distributed equally. This creates problems of water scarcity in many regions and
Around 70% of the world’s freshwater is used by agriculture. Due to ineffective or old irrigation
methods, overuse of water is a huge problem in agriculture. Sometimes half of the water used may
actually never reach the crops. The technologies like drip-irrigation are already there to solve this issue.
But the willingness to adopt them is still missing.
MAYUR SHARMA | Editor We can understand the gravity of this situation from a recent study done by NASA scientists which
says that the location of freshwater is continuously changing around the world. The NASA researchers
used satellites and data on human activities to map locations where freshwater is changing around the
globe. They found that several factors are involved in the shifts, including water management practices,
climate change, and natural cycles. At least 40% of 34 hotspots studied around the world can be linked
to human water management activities, such as excessive groundwater pumping for agriculture. These
areas include northern India, the North China Plain and parts of Saudi Arabia.
As per UNESCO, more than 40% of the world’s population will be living in areas of severe water
stress by 2050. The UNCCD has predicted that as many as 700 million people will be forced to leave
their homes by 2030 - due to the shortage of water.
The distribution of drinking water is even more uneven. As per WHO statistics, almost 800 million
people in the world have no access to it at all. Since 1990, 2.6 billion people have gained access to an
‘improved’ drinking water source, one that is designed to protect against contamination. But in 2015,
663 million people (one in 10) still drank water from unprotected sources. In the developing countries,
around 80% of illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation situation.
Our coming generation will need to pay dearly for the lack of drinking water and sanitation facilities
When the well is if we do not mend our ways now. While we can continue the debates, dialogues and discussions on
dry, we know the these issues, following them with a timely action will decide the future of our water.
I am very excited to share the updates of the 2nd edition of our annual event - JAL SABHA 2019,
worth of water. Chennai. This is an exclusive forum for the heads of water supply and sewage departments of Munici-
pal Corporations and Smart City CEOs. This -by invite only- forum provides a unique platform for the
- Benjamin Frankli audience to come together to debate and discuss issues faced by corporations around water supply
and sewage, 24x7 water supply, smart metering, STPs, among others. The event, with a gathering of
50 selective delegates from across India, is in line with our vision to create community-specific events.
Our next two magazine issues will be January (1st Annual Municipal Cases Studies Special Issue - on
Water, Wastewater & Waste Management), and February (Water Purification & Treatment Business -
Membranes, Housings, Vessels, and Pumps). I welcome editorial contributions on these and all other
topics which you find significant for the water sector. Keep sharing your thoughts, inputs, and sugges-

Smart Water & Waste WorldTM Vol 01 No 2 December 2018
Pages 68
FOUNDER & CEO Printed and Published by Shailesh
Kailash Shirodkar Ramaswamy Iyer, B-305, Gopinath Copyright © 2018
Smruti CHS Ltd. Goddeo, Bhayander
EDITOR (East) Dist - Thane 401105 on behalf Beyond Expectations.
Mayur Sharma of Beyond Expectations, Printed All rights reserved throughout the world.
at Taco Visions Pvt. Ltd. 105- ABC, Reproduction in any manner, electronic
DESIGN & LAYOUT or otherwise, in whole or in part, without
Govt. Industrial Estate,Charkop,
Nocturnal Brains prior written permission is prohibited.
Kandivali (W), Mumbai 400067, and
PRODUCTION Published at Beyond Expectations *Responsible for selection
Shailesh Iyer B-305, Gopinath Smruti CHS Ltd. of news under PRB Act
Goddeo, Bhayander (East) Dist,
Thane 401105 Maharashtra, India.

Important: Whilst care is taken prior to acceptance of advertising copy, it is not possible to verify its contents. Beyond Expectations cannot be held responsible for such contents,
nor for any loss or damages incurred as a result of transactions with companies, associations or individuals advertising in its publications. We therefore recommend that readers
make necessary inquiries before sending any monies or entering into any agreements with advertisers or otherwise acting on an advertisement in any manner whatsoever.


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LANXESS Plans to Invest up to Rs. 1250 WABAG Secures Order in
Crores in India till 2023 Qatar Worth Rs. 555 Crores
The company’s sales in India have more than
doubled in the last ten years, and now it aims to
strengthen the Indian production sites.
Indian chemical market and
are therefore now launching
a major investment package,”
said Hubert Fink, Member of
the Board of Management of
In the last 10 years, LANX-
ESS’ sales in India have more
than doubled from Rs. 1008 SWWW Staff ball stadium, which is under
crores to Rs. 2608 crores. Its Qatar construction for the FIFA
Left to Right) Dr. Hubert Fink, LANXESS AG Board of Management,
turnover in 2018 increased World Cup 2022. The project
Neelanjan Banerjee, Vice Chairman & MD, LANXESS India Pvt Ltd.,
by 14% in the first 9 months VA TECH WABAG Limited is scheduled to be delivered
and Dr. Rainier Van Roessel, LANXESS AG Board of Management
compared to the same period has been awarded a first major over a period of 24 months,
last year. EPC order worth Qatari Riyal while the existing plant is in
Mayur Sharma rently operates production fa- “The demographic trend in 275 Million (Rs. 555 Crores) operation.
India cilities for five business units India is leading to an increased from Public Works Authority Commenting on this order,
at its sites in Jhagadia and demand in the areas of mobil- of Qatar (ASHGHAL). Deep Raj Saxena, CEO Middle
LANXESS IS STRENGTH- Nagda. ity, urbanization, nutrition For this Design & Build East & Africa said, “Pleased
ENING its asset base in India. “The Indian economy is and clean water. LANXESS project, the scope includes with the momentum we are
The company plans to invest currently the world’s fastest can cater these demands with rehabilitation of Doha South gaining in the Middle East
up to Rs. 1250 crores till 2023. rising major economy, with its wide portfolio of specialty Sewage Treatment Works us- Region. This order will fur-
One of the focus areas of the the chemical industry as one chemicals,” said Neelanjan Ba- ing lamella clarifier, disc filter ther consolidate our presence
investment will be the busi- of the fastest growing sectors. nerjee, Managing Director and and aerobic digester technol- and will help us in building
nesses for water treatment We aim to even better capital- Country Speaker of LANXESS ogy to treat the additional another significant reference
products. The company cur- ize the huge potential of the in India. sewage generated by the foot- in the region.”

Thermax Completes Two Xylem Signs MoU with Government of Ethiopia to
Successful Projects in India Explore Helping Country Solve Water Challenges
Mayur Sharma Madhura Coats, Tamil Nadu. The MoU was signed at an event attended by
India This system consists of an Ef-
fluent Treatment Plant (ETP),
Ethiopia’s Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy
IKEA, THE SWEDISH fur- recycling plant & Multiple Ef- His Excellency Dr. Eng. Seleshi Bekele.
nishing major trusted Ther- fect Evaporators (MEE). The
max as their partners for water wastewater generated from
treatment for their first store manufacturing activities such SWWW Staff Bekele; State Minister Water ply and sanitation sector ben-
in India. The Thermax Water as thread dyeing and bleach- Ethiopia Supply and Sanitation Dr. Ne- efit from the broad technical
& Waste Solutions (WWS) di- ing are treated in ETP followed gash Wagesho; Xylem Presi- and technological solutions
vision commissioned a WTP by recycling plant. The mem- Xylem Inc. has signed a dent and CEO Patrick Decker; Xylem has been providing.
catering to both potable and brane filtration based process- Memorandum of Understand- and a representative of the Xylem President and CEO
non-potable water require- es help recover good quality ing (MoU) with Ethiopia’s Min- U.S. Embassy in Ethiopia. Patrick Decker spoke about
ment of entire store. The scope water from this treated waste- istry of Water, Irrigation, and H.E. Dr. Eng Seleshi Bekele how honored the company is
of supply comprises a dual water. While recovered water is Energy (MoWIE) for future noted that the present MoU to have the opportunity to be-
media filter (DMF), a softener used by manufacturing units, cooperation to help advance signed between Xylem and gin exploring solutions for the
and a reverse osmosis plant rejected water is sent to MEE. water security in Ethiopia. MoWIE creates an enabling region, notably non-revenue
producing 2,000 liters/hour. MEE reduces the volume of The MoU was signed at an platform to improve water water, knowledge sharing, and
Thermax also installed a waste to be handled, thereby event in Ethiopia attended supply and sanitation service creating more water and ener-
Zero Liquid Discharge plant disposing off the brine gener- by Ethiopia’s Minister of Wa- delivery and ensure scheme gy efficiencies to maximize re-
with a recycling capacity of 3.6 ated; leaving zero discharge at ter, Irrigation and Energy His sustainability. He also stressed sources and lessen the impact
million liters per day (MLD) at the end of the treatment cycle. Excellency Dr. Eng. Seleshi that the Ethiopian water sup- on the environment.

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State Government of Karnataka in Partnership with SUEZ, BWSS,
and NUMA Launches First ‘DATACITY’ Program in Asia
• B
 engaluru joins innovative cities of the world in launching its own data-driven open
innovation program following the leads of Paris, Casablanca, Berlin, Barcelona, etc.

SWWW Staff al open innovation program cy & Security, and Pollution the challenges of cities with to build a collaborative eco-
India building innovative solutions Management. the help of data. The program system involving customers,
to answer the challenges of “SUEZ participated in the transformed Paris into a giant innovative start-ups, experts,
GOVT. OF KARNATAKA global cities. The areas of op- DataCity open innovation pro- playground to test new urban researchers, and our team to
has announced the launch of portunity that could be ex- gram, organized since 2015 solutions devised by entrepre- work together to develop solu-
the first ‘DATACITY’ program plored during DataCity are by the NUMA incubator with neurs through the use of ex- tions. This is the main objec-
in Asia in collaboration with - Smart Mobility, Water and the city of Paris, the French isting data. In India, we want tive of our partnership with
SUEZ, BWSSB and NUMA. Waste Management, Energy, state and private sector com- to engage in open innovation NUMA.”, said Shyam J Bhan,
DATACITY is an internation- Smart Buildings, Transparen- panies, which aimed to meet program wherein we want MD & CEO, SUEZ India.

Sarjan Watertech Receives Mueller Water Products to Acquire
BIS Certification for Reverse Krausz Industries
Osmosis (RO) Water Purifiers SWWW Staff proprietary pipe couplings, Mueller name has been syn-
USA grips and clamps under the onymous with quality prod-
According to the company, it HYMAX brand for the global ucts and innovation,” said
water and wastewater indus- Scott Hall, President & CEO of
is the first recipient of BIS -
UCTS, Inc. has signed a de- tries. The company was found- Mueller Water Products. “The
IS 16240 : 2015 for Reverse finitive agreement to acquire
Krausz Industries, Ltd., a man-
ed in 1920 and is headquar-
tered in Tel Aviv, Israel. Krausz
addition of pipe connection
and repair to our solution port-
Osmosis Water Purifier (RO) ufacturer of pipe couplings, had net sales of approximately folio enables us to address an
certification in India. grips and clamps, for USD 140
million in cash.
USD 43 million in 2017 with
approximately 75% of its sales
even broader scope of needs
within the water infrastructure
Krausz Industries provides generated in North America. system while expanding our
a full suite of innovative and “For over a century, the global presence.”
Mayur Sharma

THIS CERTIFICATION IS India, China and Now Africa for Modern
only awarded to those water
purification companies, who
follow stringent quality stan-
Water’s All-Membrane Brine Concentration
dards, safety, and durability
protocols, in the manufactur- (AMBC) Technology
ing of RO Water Purifiers as
per BIS standard IS 16240 : Water’s proprietary brine con-
2015. centrator is an innovative solu-
Sharing his thoughts on the tion capable of reducing waste-
announcement, Sunil Trivedi, water treatment requirements
MD, Sarjan Watertech India and maximizing clean-water
Pvt. Ltd. said, “Receiving the reuse in a wide range of indus-
Julian Lowe, International Sales Director, Modern Water (left) and
BIS certification is in line trial applications, including
Peter Nicoll, Technical Director, Modern Water (right) with Dr Gunter
with our mission to deliver mining, power, oil & gas and
Rencken, Technical Director from WEC Projects of South Africa.
the highest quality water pu- desalination plants.”
rification solutions by adopt- know-how, and R&D exper- SWWW Staff tration (AMBC) technology Simon Humphrey, Modern
ing global best practices. We tise to offer products that are South Africa throughout Africa. Water’s CEO, added: “In WEC
strive to continually build a benchmark of ‘The Science Speaking for WEC Projects, Projects, we are glad to have
sustainable customer rela- of Purity.’ Our uncompromis- MODERN WATER HAS en- who are a leading South African found such a superb partner
tions, build, and retain high- ing rigor in pursuit of prod- tered into a new collaboration Engineering, Procurement and to promote our AMBC, which
ly-qualified talent pool, drive uct, service and operations agreement with WEC Projects Construction (EPC) contractor complements our excellent
investments and deliver prof- excellence has made us the of Johannesburg to promote in the water and wastewater new partnerships in India with
itable growth. We seamlessly company of choice for most its innovative and proprietary treatment sector, CEO Wayne Advent Envirocare and with
integrate our technological of our clients.” All-Membrane Brine Concen- Taljaard commented: “Modern Sunup in China.”

10 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

SPML Infra Declares Fluence Awarded its First Waste-to-
Financial Results of Energy Harvesting Project in Argentina
Q2 with 102% YoY • T he system will be designed and built for
international meat processor ArreBeef Energia.
Revenue Growth • Energy harvesting lowers operating costs and
allows the client to secure national incentives.
recorded gross revenue of Rs.
4,144.67 million.
The net profit for the quar- SWWW Staff and getting operational onsite produce electrical and thermal
ter rises to Rs. 138.99 million Argentina from November 2019. energy.
as against Rs. 81.53 million in This will be Fluence’s first Fluence’s Managing Direc-
the corresponding quarter last FLUENCE CORPORATION waste-to-energy system in Ar- tor and CEO, Henry Charrabé
year. LTD has received a €1.7 mil- gentina and will be designed said: “This project serves as
Subhash Sethi, Chairman, lion contract for a waste-to-en- specifically for use in the live- a clear example of Fluence’s
SPML Infra Ltd. commented, ergy system for its customer stock industry. Fluence’s scope ability to leverage our global
Mayur Sharma “I am pleased with our sec- ArreBeef Energia S.A., a prom- of work includes upgrading sales organization to penetrate
India ond-quarter and half-yearly re- inent beef processor in Buenos ArreBeef Energia’s existing new markets with our innova-
sults, which put us on track to Aires, Argentina. The system wastewater treatment plant tive waste-to-energy solutions.
SPML INFRA LIMITED has deliver a solid year. Achieving will be designed and built us- and adding a custom-designed ArreBeef Energia will be our
declared the financial results over 100 percent growth on ing anaerobic digestion tech- waste-to-energy system that first installation in Argentina
for the quarter ended Septem- year on year basis is particu- nology developed by Fluence will use the sludge and by- for waste-to-energy, and our
ber 30, 2018. The company’s larly encouraging and we view to produce biogas, as well as products from meat process- first solution that addresses
board in their meeting held on this as a base to build upon. electrical and thermal energy. ing to produce biogas. The the specific needs of the meat
14th November 2018 has ap- Our performance strengthens The system is being installed biogas will, in turn, be used to processing business.”
proved the standalone finan- our confidence that we are on
cial results for the quarter and track to deliver a solid year

Bettina Blottko to Head Liquid Purification
declared that the company has and an even better next year.”

Technologies Business Unit at LANXESS
ACCIONA’s Net Profit
to September Reaches SWWW Staff

€222 Million

head of the Liquid Purification Technologies
Ebitda grows strongly (+10%) in business unit at specialty chemicals group
LANXESS. She has succeeded Jean-Marc Ves-
like for like terms. selle, who will take on new challenges outside
the company.
Bettina Blottko has held various positions at
SWWW Staff of investment (€926 million). Bayer and LANXESS since 1996. Most recent-
Spain The Industrial area expe- ly, she headed the Actives and Disinfection
rienced strong growth in its business line within the Material Protection
ACCIONA’S NET ATTRIB- portfolio during the period Products business unit.
UTABLE profit reached €222 (€828 million, +72.3%) with LANXESS board member Rainier van Roes-
million in the first nine months the award by clients of major sel said, “Jean-Marc Vesselle has made a sig-
of the year (-4.2%). ACCIONA works such as a waste to ener- nificant contribution to the strong growth of
improved the Ebitda of its in- gy plant in Australia. our water treatment technologies business
frastructure (+8.3%) and ener- The completion of two de- in recent years and at the same time created
gy (+1.2%) divisions, which in- salination plants in Qatar low- a very good basis for future growth. I would
creased group operating profit ered turnover in the water area like to thank him sincerely for this. With Bet-
on a like-for-like basis (+10%). to €447 million (-12%). How- tina Blottko, we were able to recruit a proven
During the last twelve months, ever, new contracts in Saudi in-house expert in the chemicals business to
the company significantly re- Arabia and the United Arab lead the business unit into the future. I wish
duced its debt (-11.4%) and its Emirates have strengthened her every success in this endeavor.”
financial expenses (-9.7%). It the water business backlog to LANXESS is a specialty chemicals company
has maintained a strong pace €11.24 billion. with sales of EUR 9.7 billion in 2017.

12 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
Bentley Systems
KSB SE & Co.
KSB SE & Co., Compared with dry-installed pump sets, the ad-
Frankenthal, Ger- vantage of submersible borehole pumps is the nota-
many, has extend- bly longer service life and the fact that pumps with
ed its portfolio wet motors are not compromised by flooding. KSB
of Submersible is one of the few manufacturers worldwide to of-
Borehole Pumps. fer double-entry designs for particularly high load
The new sizes de- conditions alongside “normal” single-entry designs.
veloped by KSB This double-entry design was originally used for
have a diameter drainage applications in mines.
of up to 50 inches, The demand for increasingly higher pump out-
Bentley Systems Incorporated has launched Open- i.e. 1250 mm, and puts also manifests itself in water supply, cavern,
Site Designer, a built-for-purpose application for the a drive rating of and offshore applications. The drives employed in
design and construction of civil site projects. It also up to 5 MW. These these pumps are water-filled high-voltage motors
launched OpenBuildings, bringing together its AE- pumps will be ca- for voltages from 1 kV to 11 kV. A proven pressure
COsim building design and Speedikon factory and pable of handling equalization system ensures that the motors are not
industrial design applications; and announced the flow rates of up to exposed to loads due to pressure differences po-
availability of OpenBuildings Station Designer, a 5000 m3 per hour tentially occurring under water. This prolongs their
specialized application for designing rail and metro at heads of up to service life rendering regular maintenance unnec-
stations. At the same time, Bentley announced the 1500 m. essary.
availability of OpenBridge Designer, which combines
Bentley’s bridge modeling, analysis and design capa-
bilities into one comprehensive package, and Open- min are possible, or – if the maximum error is per- Kent RO Systems
Flows FLOOD, a flood analysis, and early warning mitted to be ±1% - even a quantity of less than 1 g/
system. In addition, in pursuit of its ‘industrialization’ min can be measured. A top value for Coriolis flow Kent RO
strategy, Bentley announced it has rebranded under measurement technology. Systems Ltd
its Open portfolio several of its applications based on has launched
MicroStation technology which collectively acceler- Flexicon Corporation KENT Grand
ates the advancement of its comprehensive modeling Star. This RO
environment by connecting digital workflows across The new TIP- water purifier
disciplines and sharing digital components in its TITE® Pail Tip- is equipped
Connected Data Environment (CDE). per from Flex- with double
icon dumps UV protection
Endress+Hauser pails contain- and real-time
ing high-den- digital display
Promass sity bulk solid of purity. This
A Sensor Sys- materials into new model of
tem promise downstream water purifier
maximum processing or boasts of dou-
robustness storage vessels ble UV pro-
and precise- dust-free. The tection. While
ly measured unit accommo- one UV pro-
values with dates pails of tection is there infiltration, there is also the second
unp aral l el ed up to 19 liters one, which is, in-tank UV Disinfection. During long
repeatability, measuring up periods of non-usage, the stored pure water may get
even in cases to 380 mm in height and weighing up to 340 kg. infected again by bacteria and viruses in the kitchen.
where process Intended for powder metals, chemicals, pigments, This technology will help in overcoming this problem
and ambient minerals or other heavy, dense bulk solids, the unit as UV-LED light ensures that purified water never
conditions fluctuate significantly. All of this thanks to features dual hydraulic cylinders that work in tan- gets further infected in the storage tank. It acts as
the innovative sensor concept, which sets new stan- dem to raise and seat the pail rim against a special- an extra layer of security and thus ensures that the
dards in Coriolis measurement technology. Promass ly-configured, elongated discharge cone, and then tip customer gets 100% pure water at all times. Another
A is light and compact - with no losses in performance the pail to an angle of 45, 60 or 90 degrees with a defining characteristic is the digital display of purity.
or robustness. The measuring device is therefore ide- motion-dampening feature. At full rotation, the dis- KENT Grand Star will display quality of purified wa-
ally suited for space-saving installation, for example charge cone seals against the inlet of the receiving ter in real time along with displaying key parameters
in modular process facilities and skids. The Promass vessel, creating a dust-tight connection and allowing of water purifier like balance filter life, mineral con-
A sensor system is mounted on a base plate that acts controlled, dust-free discharge through a pneumat- tents in purified water, the flow rate of water, warning
as a “shock absorber,” effectively shielding the Corio- ically-actuated slide gate valve. An optional pneu- signals in case of malfunctioning etc. The multi-stage
lis measurement from outside interference, e.g. from matically-actuated vibrator on the discharge cone process of RO+UV+UF+TDS Control+ UV disinfec-
pipe vibrations. Other contributing factors are the promotes complete evacuation of non-free-flowing tion in storage tank makes the drinking water 100%
oscillation frequency of the measuring tube, which is materials. The pail tipper is constructed of carbon for consumption. The multistage purification process
significantly higher than that of traditional Coriolis steel with durable industrial finishes, with material removes even the dissolved impurities such as chem-
flowmeters, and its completely balanced oscillation contact surfaces of stainless steel. Other models are icals, bacteria, viruses, and salts. Additionally, the
behavior. At a specified maximum measured error available in all-stainless steel finished to food, dairy, model is also equipped with KENT RO’s revolution-
of ±0.1%, high precision measurements down to 8 g/ pharmaceutical or industrial standards. ary Save Water Technology™.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 13

Market-Based Approaches for Sustainability in WASH
Yi Wei is the Global WASH Director at iDE. In this interview, she speaks about her
experience with implementing market-based approaches to WASH in Cambodia and
other parts of the Indo-Pacific region. She also shares how iDE is taking a human-
centered approach to WASH and what makes that different from other approaches.
By Australian Water Partnership (AWP)

water and sanitation, but it transformative technologies
wasn’t gaining much traction; they could scale-up through
it wasn’t having large-scale im- the market. If you give farmers
pact. When I landed in Cambo- access to irrigation technol-
dia we were trying to identify ogies and better inputs, they
what makes households inter- will be able to increase their
ested in purchasing latrines yields and their incomes.
and water filters and whether In the WASH sector, lead-
businesses would be willing to ers in iDE saw the clear need
sell them long term. Could we for clean drinking water and
make a sustainable solution sanitation. The traditional ap-
out of this? proach at the time was to hand
Fast forward to now, eight out free toilets to people who
years later, and globally we didn’t have them. That then
have sold over a million toilets evolved into community mo-
and water filters across our six bilization approaches, with
country programs. We have subsidies becoming taboo. The
demonstrated that the pri- international development
vate sector can be an effective community tried to focus on
mechanism for distributing empowering people to buy toi-
these much-needed products let hardware and adopt their
and services, and we have own solutions, which succeed-
come up with a process for do- ed to a certain extent but there
ing this and we are replicating still was a need for a durable,
it in other country programs. affordable, aspirational prod-
However, I’m not exactly sure uct for people to use, and no
how iDE set about taking the solutions on the market. That
approach it used in the agricul- is where iDE saw an opportu-
tural sector and applying it to nity to apply its market-based
the WASH sector. experience to WASH.
Our founder, Paul Polak, We are really proud of the
was not an agronomist or fact that we see the user as
economist: he was a psychol- central to our approach. Paul
ogist, who first encountered Polak recognized 35 years
the international development ago that to really understand
Yi Wei sector when a friend invited farmers’ problems, you need to
him to help with the Somalian talk with at least 100 farmers a
Tell us how you came to going into international devel- ship, to deliver much-needed refugee situation. He saw that year. We try to apply that ethos
work for International opment, but when an exciting goods and services. We have if refugees could have access - listening - to everything we
Development door like this one opens to been using a market-based to transport they could set up do. You don’t know what peo-
Enterprises (iDE). you, you step through it! approach in the agricultural a local economy. He realized ple want or need until you talk
Ms. Wei: My name is Yi Wei space for almost 35 years now, that people are poor because to them, and you really don’t
and I’m the Global WASH Di- How did iDE begin to but few people were trying to they don’t have money, and know if a new idea could work
rector at iDE. For those who develop its market- use a market-based approach they don’t have money because until you talk to someone who
are unfamiliar with WASH, it based approach in WASH when iDE first en- they don’t have access to eco- might use it. That seems obvi-
stands for Water, Sanitation, to WASH? tered that sector, eight years nomic means of production ous, but for some reason, it is
and Hygiene. I’ve been with Ms. Wei: iDE’s focus is on ago. that can generate income. He often forgotten.
iDE for almost eight years rural households and we aim The situation then was quite applied that thinking to small-
now, having landed in Cambo- to leverage the mechanism of depressing, honestly. I think holder farmers - who were and Tell us about subsidies in
dia as a volunteer, straight out the market, the private sector, there was a lot of effort going still are the vast majority of the the Cambodian market.
of college. I wasn’t planning on the power of entrepreneur- into improving clean drinking world’s poor - by developing Has the transition from

14 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

subsidies to a market handouts, to one where they were a major obstacle because 100,000 available, and there invest, and it is difficult to get
economy in WASH are willing to buy and invest? when people have seen their is not enough funding to treat the market moving.
been an easy step? That transition was a difficult neighbor be given a toilet for everyone the same in a popu- We worked very hard to
Ms. Wei: I recall someone at challenge when we first start- no cost, they expect to be giv- lation of 14-15 million. So they overcome that situation, in a
a conference a few years ago ed. en one as well. They don’t ac- resist buying one for them- couple of ways. First, we want-
saying it is more acceptable in Existing subsidy programs cept that there were only, say, selves, and businesses don’t ed to make sure our product
the WASH sector nowadays to
mention the word ‘shit’ than
the word ‘subsidy’.
First, I want to clarify that
iDE is not averse to subsidies.
Most of our work is subsidized,
in that we receive grant fund-
ing from private and public
donors. It’s not that subsidies
are good or bad, but rather
that we want to make the most
efficient use of scarce resourc-
es, such as public funding, to
achieve the best outcomes - the
biggest ‘bang for your buck’.
We look at communities in
three tiers. We ask those who
are willing and able to pay, to
pay; and those who are willing
but less able to pay, to use fi-
nancing mechanisms. Then
for those who truly are unable
to pay, the market price of the
product or service can be di-
rectly subsidized.
When we talk about a sub-
sidy, we can mean a free toilet,
which is a very explicit hard-
ware subsidy. But from an eco-
nomics perspective, the term
‘subsidized’ refers to anything
that is not fully merged into
the market. Our role has been
to convert something that was
non-commercializable, non-in-
vestable, into something that
is commercializable, by bring-
ing in private sector investors.
And our way of looking at the
community in three tiers helps
us make sure only the most-
needy people receive the sub-
iDE is a market-based or-
ganization, and when we use
subsidies we aim to do it effec-
tively. Currently, we are mov-
ing into more mature markets
where the communities are the
poorest of the poor; they defi-
nitely need direct subsidies,
but we want to ensure we ap-
ply a nuanced approach that
responds appropriately to each
specific context. Details mat-
ter; it’s not a simple yes or no.
The question is: How do you
transition from an environ-
ment where communities are
used to direct subsidies and Yi Wei in a Meeting with a Women’s Microfinance Group, which Helps Enable Rural Households to Finance their Sanitary Latrines.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 15

able solution that’s scalable For the businesses we load of transactions that are your funding partner.
they needed a mechanism that worked with, their incentive not necessarily productive.
was not limited by the num- was profit. The more they sold Actually, I haven’t seen in- How does iDE set about
ber of toilets they could buy. the more profit they earned. centives applied anywhere scaling-up technologies
Even if they had $100 million For the field leaders on the else. For a sales organization successfully?
Yi claims that to spend, they couldn’t buy ground who at that time were or social enterprise doing Ms. Wei: I would say that
changing an everyone a toilet. We wanted independent sales agents, sales, incentives are probably we’re trying to scale the mar-
environment them to agree to develop a
self-perpetuating mechanism,
their incentive was the com-
mission. The more they sold
obvious. For any NGO that is
mission focused - I’m sure they
ket-based approach, rather
than technologies. There are
where potential such as a market, that can pro- the more commission they all are mission focused - in- three parts to it: design to con-
customers mulgate products that scale earned. And for our own staff centives are a powerful way to text, make sure that you have
have become seamlessly. This took a lot of
interactions and conversa-
who are managing the busi-
nesses and the sales agents,
keep yourselves accountable.
Either something happened
a feedback loop that’s giving
you the right information to
accustomed tions, learning together and if they were able to facilitate or it didn’t happen, and you iterate, and have that on the
to receiving producing evidence to show more sales, they got more in- get rewarded if you achieve a ground presence to iterate.
subsidies to that this alternative way of
operating could succeed. We
centives. It was as simple as
that. You don’t always need to
result that’s provable. I think
that incentives support an
You need to ensure first that
you do the human-centered
using those were changing peoples’ minds, incentivize the end result. Of NGO’s mission. They improve research that lets you under-
subsidies to one conference at a time. course, we want the agents to accountability, too. NGOs of- stand what is desired, feasible,
incentivize them How does iDE use
facilitate more sales, but what
else leads to more sales? More
ten work in very complex en-
vironments where it’s really
viable and financially viable,
within those contexts.
to buy toilets and community incentives sales agents on your team. You difficult to bring about change, Most of our country pro-
water filters is for its work in WASH? can incentivize the number of and there are always extenuat- grams have different products,
a big challenge. Ms. Wei: We believe that
people, markets, organizations
sales agents you’re able to re-
cruit and train and retain. You
ing circumstances that explain
why something didn’t happen.
and that is because we are de-
signing products to suit the
Back and forth are driven by incentives. The can see it’s a very powerful tool But in the end, if we care about particular contexts, the spe-
conversations incentives don’t have to be that you can modify as you results and achieving that mis- cific needs, wants and desires
are needed to tangible or financial in nature:
they could be very intangi-
need to, based on the results
you’re getting.
sion, we should hold ourselves
accountable for being reward-
of our users in that context,
and what’s possible within
learn about ble but very powerful. They For an incentive program ed for achieving those results. that context. For instance, in
how a market- are anything that affects your to be effective you need to As I said earlier, incentives Cambodia, the initial product
based approach reason for doing, or not do-
ing, something. Incentives are
have timely data about the
outcomes, and so we built a ro-
don’t have to be financial, al-
though financial incentives are
we designed is a pour-flush
ceramic offset pit latrine. It is
might work. the core of our user-centered bust real-time data system that the simplest, most direct way successful in Cambodia be-
approach for understanding allows us to monitor and man- to incentivize behavior. Some cause that’s what people want-
offering to the customer was what drives, bars or accelerates age staff performance. We also work doesn’t need to be incen- ed and that’s what is possible
unique and different. It need- peoples’ behaviors. work with a forward-thinking tivized: it would be a conflict within the local supply chain.
ed to look different from the One example of how we partner in the Gates Founda- of interest for the iDE Mea- But it’s not appropriate in rural
subsidy option, and to be more have applied incentives is in tion who incentivized us to surement & Evaluation team Ethiopia where water is scarce.
aspirational and something scaling-up our market-based reach ‘stretch targets’. By that, to be incentivized based on To operationalize your de-
that people would be willing approach with our teams and I mean targets beyond the ac- number of sales, for instance. sign, you need to be very iter-
and proud to put money down in our relationships with our ceptable targets that were part We could incentivize the M&E ative. You won’t come up with
on and invest in. We posi- partners. With a market-based of the grant agreement. If we team based on the quality of the perfect solution from the
tioned it as a desirable product approach, ultimately you want reached those ‘stretch targets’ data instead. Incentives are ‘get go’ at any point in time,
that was not like the free things someone to buy something, we were able to access a pool so powerful because you can anywhere, so you need a feed-
that poor people got. In other and therefore someone has to of unrestricted funding. As incentivize whatever behavior back loop that responds quick-
words, product differentiation sell it. Salesmanship is notori- anyone who has any expe- you’re trying to encourage, ly, that is accurate, that gives
was an important part of our ously difficult, especially when rience working with NGOs and it could be via career pro- you the information you need
marketing strategy. you’re trying to sell something knows, unrestricted funding is motions, or exposure to con- so you can iterate and improve
We saw it was also import- to a relatively poor population the pinnacle of desirability. ferences for some of your local upon the solution.
ant to work with businesses to and that thing is not necessar- The power of incentive is staff, or whatever is motivating The third part of scaling,
help them choose between tak- ily at the top of their shopping such that you can set a clear for the person or organization which is very important for
ing up a contract for 100 toilets lists. You need to keep the goal and a reward for reaching you’re trying to incentivize. If iDE at least, is having boots on
right now from an NGO or in- sales-people motivated, and to that goal, but you don’t neces- money would cause compli- the ground, doing the day to
vesting in developing a market do that we use incentives. In sarily have to dictate all the ac- cations, think creatively about day grind, interacting with us-
to supply 100,000 people in the private sector, incentives tivities. The Gates Foundation other types of rewards that ers and with the private sector
that area. That was not easy are often financial, but that’s didn’t say to us, “You have to could be used. One challenge actors, so as to iterate quickly
because you’re talking to busi- unacceptable to the way NGOs do X, Y, and Z activities to ac- in implementing incentives and appropriately. It’s not sexy
nesses who need the cash now typically do their work … or at complish those goals.” Instead, if they’re financial is finding and it’s not an easy catalytic
and a definite contract, rather least it was when we first start- they say: “Here’s the goal; partners who are comfortable copy-and-paste approach. Our
than taking on the risk of in- ed this, about six years ago. So here’s your incentive; figure it and able to make that possible. model is very focused on boots
vesting in a potential market. we developed an incentive sys- out,” and that creates a space For some donors, a financial on the ground. We work with
At a third level, we also tem to motivate all the various for innovation and creativity incentive might not be an eligi- local government and with lo-
worked with other NGOs and groups of our own staff as well that’s really focused on top ble cost. So you need to make cal private sector actors. With-
government players to show as the private sector actors that end results that everyone cares sure that the incentive you out those, it would be hard to
them that to achieve a sustain- we worked with. about. And it doesn’t create a choose to use is acceptable to know what’s going on.

16 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Can you tell us about
your innovative
funding models
and how you bring
partners together to
provide funding?
Ms. Wei: We have learned
a lot by looking back on our
experiences globally, and on
partnerships that have really
worked well, and those that
could have gone better.
Our very effective part-
nerships have had everyone
around the table sharing the
same long-term vision. Also,
they have had a harmonized
program that was not ‘projec-
tized’; that is, not requiring a
separate reporting structure
for each donor, different KPIs
for each donor. Projectized
programs give you a load of
transaction costs managing
nitty-gritty aspects that should
ultimately contribute to the
headline KPI but that in prac-
tice distract you from the big
We have realized it’s very
important to articulate a vi-
sion that people can buy into,
from the very beginning. And
you need to know your part-
ners really well. Just like users, Yi Wei Testing Out Some Latrine Slabs. These Latrine Slabs were Made by a Microenterprise that iDE had Trained in Burkina Faso.
your partners have different
needs and desires, and they is less because your risk is less. investment ready. a long-term long-standing pro- clarify on this topic is about
are constrained by their own We think the risk-reward I think it’s the fragmented gram, as opposed to a short- impact investing and the
organizations in what they can paradigm is something we nature of funding for interna- term grant for a project that shifting paradigm of funding
or cannot fund. You need to at iDE should be much more tional development that leads will end in three years. for NGOs. I’m not trying to
have an upfront conversation aware of when we approach to much of the stop and start A grant is an investment say that people should start
and identify who can con- different partners. What is tendencies of projects - that with a negative 100% finan- a social enterprise and try to
tribute what type of resource, their comfort level with differ- is, people see them as projects cial return but a lot of social achieve 100% cost recovery.
whether human, financial, or ent risk profiles? Do they want rather than as long-lasting pro- return, especially for donors By definition, the populations
technical, and at what stage to be an early stage investor? grams. who want to play a catalytic we’re serving are marginal-
along the process they want to Are they willing to take on that To be clear, when I say ‘in- role at the very beginning. ized and vulnerable and cost-
join in. risk and take a chance on you? ly to serve, and it may not be
Looking at how venture Or are you looking at a bilat- possible to get a 100% cost
capitalists operate, for inspi- eral donor who really wants “It is much more acceptable to say shit recovery. It’s really time to be
ration, we saw how they raise to invest in something that is than subsidy in the WASH sector now”. thinking about problems dif-
money over time as a business proved but can’t provide large- Yi says that her organization (iDE) is proud of their hu- ferently: how do you approach
scales up. They really try to scale funding? This means man-centered approach. She makes it clear that iDE is not your partners; what is the ten-
align different investors with knowing the different stages of against all subsidies and in fact most things iDE does is pub- or of the relationship; are you
different risk-reward profiles. your program, and what type licly or privately subsidized. iDE’s role is to use these subsi- in it for the long game; are you
For instance, very early stage of risk appetite you are com- dies more efficiently by taking a product or service that has developing something sus-
investors hope to get into a fortable with, and delivering not been commercialized and adapt it to attract private inves- tainable; and how should you
program on the ground floor on and finding partners along tors to WASH outcomes. think about returns on invest-
and have a huge return, but the way who can meet those ment in a way that holds all
they’re obviously also taking criteria. Ideally, you will gath- vestment’, I don’t necessarily They like to know that their parties accountable.
a huge risk because the initia- er them all in the same room mean the strict definition of early stage investment, as
tive hasn’t been proved yet. For at the very beginning of the investment where investors seed-funding in the form of a The Australian Water Part-
later stage investors - let’s take initiative, and be positioning will get their money back grant that they don’t expect to nership (AWP) is an Austra-
IDEO, a proven business, as an yourselves to be ready for the with an added return. I use get paid back financially, has lian Government development
example - if you buy a stock, next stage investor or donor. the word ‘investment’ even for led to the development of a initiative enhancing the sus-
you own a very small portion And you want them to tell you donors who give us grants be- sustainable program. tainable management of water
of the business so your reward what they need for you to be cause that is an investment in One other thing I want to across the Indo-Pacific.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 17

A Tiny Tale of Two Villages: How Determined Action
Builds Hope and Leads to Change
needed to be multi-pronged. and discuss issues around wa- ted by WaterAid India to the
While for WaterAid India with ter and attempt to arrive at lo- Secretary.
its existing relations with the cal, sustainable solutions. • Soon after, WaterAid India
Public Health Engineering In the process, three large received the approval letter
Department (PHED) of the Jal Chaupals and a week-long from the Engineer-in-Chief
Bihar government, it was com- campaign on the safe water allowing it to provide treat-
paratively easy to reach out to were organized. People were ed water to villagers through
the top officials and work with not only made aware of the the installation of treatment
them to address this issue, it perils of the consumption of devices in two handpumps.
was crucial that people from contaminated water but also Post which, restoration of
these villages became central how they could change the FRP in Churaman Nagar
to the solution. Not just as pas- state of affairs. This resulted in started. Soon enough, two
sive beneficiaries of some top- a collective filing of the appli- FRPs of Churaman Nagar
down charity, but mobilized cation for improvement of the and Ismailpur were restored
for their own long-term inter- FRP to the Executive Engineer by PHED ensuring safe
ests, taking the role of leader- of PHED while also highlight- piped water supply to 110
IN ONE OF MY previous col- sis. I had written how officials ship in their hands. ing the issue to the District households.
umns, I had shared about the seemed to know that the plant It was with this clear posi- Magistrate, Gaya. Panchayat • Besides a long-term insti-
fluorosis crisis which had been was dysfunctional for years tion in mind that while water members attended these Jal tutionalized solution to the
afflicting a village called Chu- and yet no action had been quality tests were conducted Chaupals while the local Tola issue of safe water, the ren-
raman Nagar in Gaya district taken. I remember having with people’s participation in Sevak (a hamlet of appointed ovation has also helped the
of Bihar and how the entire come back in a desolate mood the process, a series of meet- officials) of Churaman Nagar Musahar community in sav-
system seemed to have failed that evening. ings with the people was or- helped organize the entire ing a considerable amount of
them. There was a non-func- Today, I am happy to report ganized under the banner of process under the guidance of money every month. It was
tional fluoride removal plant we decided not to leave the Jal Chaupal: a campaign con- our local partner organization reported that earlier 80% of
(FRP) which people still used story on that hopeless note. ceptualized by WaterAid In- Pragati Gram Vikas Sahyog households were paying Rs.
under the assumption that it We decided we owed it to the dia and its grassroots partners (PGVS). 15 for a jar of 5 liters of water
was giving them clean water. people of that village and in across various states where Armed with this mobiliza- per household for their daily
The results were catastrophic the neighboring Ismailpur suf- diverse set of community tion process on the ground, consumption. Now, as per
with almost every household fering from the same problem. members particularly women, WaterAid India reached out to their own calculation, they
reporting at least one or more They needed to get out of this water practitioners, local offi- the PHED Secretary requesting were likely to save Rs. 450
cases of dental and more per- sorry state of affairs and with cials, civil society workers get them to look into the issue in monthly.
tinently, severe skeletal fluoro- their own efforts. The action together to collectively share detail. It requested for permis- The entire process lasted for
sion for installation of FRPs in about four months but a lead-
two hand pumps as a stop-gap ership structure at the local
arrangement while seeking the level has been created which
long-term solution to renovate is likely to last for many years
the dysfunctional FRP. to come. At least one sincerely
The following results were hopes so. The threat of a slip
obtained with these series of back still persists in the ab-
ongoing actions on the ground sence of any systemic process
and in the lobbying corridors: of operation and maintenance
• A letter seeking an explana- of the FRPs. But this time it
tion was issued by the Engi- seems the people are deter-
neer-in-Chief to the Execu- mined and directly engaged in
tive Engineer in Gaya on the ensuring this doesn’t happen
problem of fluorosis and the through their active participa-
non-functionality of fluoride tion in the monitoring process
removal plant. of the same.
• A fact-finding committee Personally, this small sto-
was constituted under the ry of two villages restores
concerned Superintending my faith in people’s action if
Engineer to look into the thought through and imple-
issue of the non-function- mented carefully!
al FRP and the persistent Avinash Kumar is Director
problem of fluorosis. This - Programme, and Policy at Wa-
fact-finding team was set up terAid India.
25-Year Old Krishna Majhi Stands Outside His House While He has Been Diagnosed with Bone De- after a formal assessment re-
formities in Churaman Nagar, Gaya, Bihar, India. Photo Credit: WaterAid/Prashanth Vishwanathan. port and a letter was submit- @Avinashkoomar

18 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Smart Water & Waste World
covers some of the cutting-edge
water treatment technologies
being applied around the world,
while having an indepth look
at the most pressing issues
concerning the water sector.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 19

Disruptive Innovations in the Water Sector
An overview of recent disruptive innovations in the water sector, which in the near
future are expected to transform water management.
By Nikolay Voutchkov

Introduction The New and Emerging An alternative trend to AMI pollutants such as phosphorus and trace organics and allow to
According to a recent Unit- Technologies systems emerging in recent or nitrogen that could trigger consistently achieve drinking
ed Nations report, almost years is the use of satellites in algal bloom and damage the water quality.
half of the world’s population Advanced Metering Infra- outer space to monitor leaks ecosystem.
- some 3.6 billion people - cur- structure (AMI) Systems in water distribution systems In Singapore, the national New Advanced Oxidation
rently live in areas vulnerable AMI systems are widely and environmental health of water agency - PUB - uses ro- Processes
to water scarcity and nearly adopted by forward-looking river catchments. Two leading botic swans to complement its The Centre for Water Re-
2 billion people could suffer utilities. For example, the companies offering such tech- online monitoring system for search at the National Uni-
water shortages by 2025. In re- Public Utility Board of Singa- nologies - Utilis and Satelyt- large-scale watershed manage- versity of Singapore (NUS)
sponse to these challenges, the pore (PUB) manages the entire ics - have developed software ment. has developed an emerging
water supply planning para- water network as a system, in- that analyzes satellite images advanced oxidation process
digm in the next 10 to 15 years cluding its design, operation to detect leaks in the distribu- Water Reuse called Electro-Fenton, which
will evolve from reliance on & maintenance for 24/7 water tion system and identify areas received the Most Disruptive
traditional freshwater resourc- delivery. PUB has developed in the river catchment that ex- The New and Emerging Technology Award at the 2016
es towards building an envi- a comprehensive smart water perience environmental chal- Technologies Singapore International Water
ronmentally sustainable di- grid. The grid uses more than lenges. Week. The team’s invention
versified water portfolio where 300 wireless sensors in the Leaks as small as 0.1 L/min Direct Potable Reuse degrades a wide variety of
low-cost, conventional water water mains to collect data on could be pinpointed by the sat- Indirect potable reuse has contaminants, turning 99.9%
sources (e.g., rivers, lakes, and real-time pressure, flow, and ellite monitoring system and a been practiced worldwide of the pollutants in non-biode-
dams) are balanced with cost- water quality. Risk assessment single image can cover the area for over two decades. Direct gradable wastewater into sim-
lier but also more reliable and and predictive software tools of 3,500 m2. potable reuse, is expected to pler and harmless substances
sustainable water supply al- help identify the top 2% of Utilis offers such satel- emerge as main source of alter- such as carbon dioxide and
ternatives such as water reuse high-risk pipelines for replace- lite monitoring service on a native water supply by the year water.
and desalination. ment annually. In addition, monthly and bi-annual basis 2030. At present, a number of
A number of disruptive PUB is planning to deploy and has already been adopted US states, such as California, UV-LED Systems
technologies that are expect- sensors for quicker and more by utilities in the UK, Germa- Texas, Arizona and Florida as They are smaller and more
ed to accelerate the process accurate detection of contami- ny, Romania, and South Africa. well as other countries such robust than conventional UV
of water utility transforma- nants, better data analytics to While at present, the use of as Israel and Australia have lamps and can be configured
tion towards sustainability filter out false alerts, and bat- satellite images for leak detec- developed or are underway of and used in a much wider
are presented below. These teries to match the smart me- tion is relatively costly (USD developing regulatory frame- variety of applications, such
technologies are expected to ters’ 15-year lifespan. 160/mile per year), it is expect- work and advanced technol- as AOC systems, and ballast
result in an exponential accel- Another example of AMI ed that in the next ten years, ogies which are expected to water disinfection. At present,
eration of the utility transition implementation is the Macao the price to task a satellite to facilitate the industry-wide the production of UV-LED sys-
process towards sustainability Water Supply Utility which collect specific information adoption of direct potable tems is costlier than conven-
by disrupting the status quo. has implemented an oversight from outer space is expected to reuse as alternative source of tional UV installations. How-
In order for a technology to system called Aquadvanced, diminish significantly and to drinking water supply. ever, in the next 5 to 10 years,
be disruptive, it has to be: (1) which monitors consumption make this technology more af- The typical cost for parallel the technology is expected to
unique and (2) significantly (at data collected from Macao’s fordable and easy to use. How- distribution of tertiary-treat- evolve into very competitive
least 20%) more efficient than water network and alerts cus- ever, even at present the cost of ed recycled water is USD 0.3 and yield significant life-cycle
the existing technologies. tomers and operators to ab- this leak the savings from lost to 1.7/m3 whereas the typical cost savings.
normalities. revenue due to water leaks can cost for highly treated purified
Digital Water In Malta, the Water Services offset detection service. water, which could be deliv- Automated Water Quality
Digital water is transform- Corporation (WSC) has recent- The US-based company, Sat- ered directly into the distribu- Monitoring Systems
ing the way cities will use ly installed an automated me- elytics uses geospatial image tion system, is USD 0.6 to 1.0/ Recently introduced innova-
and manage water resources ter management system, using analysis from satellites, nano- m3, which is comparable to the tive technologies, which have
in the future. By 2025, about technology from SUEZ Smart satellites, drones, and planes cost of seawater desalination. advanced online water quality
80% of utilities in large cities Solutions, to improve its net- to monitor water quality in wa- As compared to conven- monitoring include:
of advanced countries and work performance. WSC also tersheds. The company mon- tional drinking water plants • Island Water Technolo-
half of the utilities in large plans to develop reports and itors the health of vegetation which use source water from gies -which has developed
cities of developing countries software to analyze data from sites using bi-monthly satellite reservoirs, lakes, and rivers, the world’s first real-time
are expected to have water smart meters. image analysis and identifies treatment plants for direct and bio-electrode sensor for the
supply systems incorporating whether the vegetation has indirect potable reuse include direct monitoring of micro-
Digital Water features such as Satellite Monitoring Sys- been damaged or negatively at least two to three addition- bial activity in wastewater
advanced metering infrastruc- tems of Water Distribution impacted as well as where are al treatment processes which treatment systems.
ture. Systems and Catchments the potential “hot spots” of serve as barriers for pathogens • Microbe Detectives - applies

20 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

advanced DNA sequencing nessing the biogas generation 2029 for plants over 100,000 technologies are aimed at re- high salinity brines. The Trevi
to identify and quantify potential of sludge. The target people equivalents (p.e.) and ducing energy consumption systems FO technology is of
nearly 100% of the microbes WWTP 100% energy self-suf- by the year 2032 for plants (by 20-35%), reducing capital potential interest because it
in a sample of water, and ficiency by the year 2030 is serving over 50,000 p.e. costs (by 20-30%), improving uses draw solution that can
provides comprehensive mi- projected to be achieved by While technologies for the process reliability and flex- be reused applying solar pow-
crobial evaluations for water using technologies that dra- extraction of valuable nutri- ibility, and greatly reducing er - it is the main innovative
quality and disease manage- matically reduce energy use ents such as phosphorus al- the volume of the concentrate technology considered for the
ment. for biological wastewater treat- ready exist, the regulations al- (brine) discharge. ongoing solar power driven
• TECTA-PDS - has created the ment such as nanosize air bub- lowing the use of the recovered desalination research led by
world’s first automated mi- ble aeration systems, applying nutrients as fertilizers are still Nano-structured Mem- Masdar in the United Arab
crobiological water quality anaerobic treatment processes under development or non-ex- branes Emirates.
monitoring system, which such as Anammox, as well as istent. The European Union A recent trend in the quest The main potential benefit
considerably lowers the cost using solar and heat power (EU) currently is developing for lowering the energy use of the development of com-
of monitoring. generation systems installed revised Fertilizer regulations, and freshwater production mercially viable FO technol-
at the WWTP site. which are expected to shorten costs for desalination is the de- ogies for the production of
Enabling Conditions for the and simplify the path of the velopment of nanostructured desalinated water is the re-
Water Reuse The New and Emerging use of products, made from (NST) RO membranes, which duction of the overall energy
The major water reuse chal- Technologies secondary raw materials such provide more efficient water needed for fresh water produc-
lenges are: Over the next 10-15 years, as organic and organo-mineral transport as compared to ex- tion by 20-35%, which energy
• Economic viability, wastewater management inno- fertilizers, composts and di- isting conventional thin-film savings could be harvested
• Social acceptance: public vations will focus on advanced gestates. These regulations are membrane elements. if the draw solution does not
perception and support by membrane-based treatment expected to be promulgated by A US membrane supplier need to be recovered and the
users and local authorities, technologies, anaerobic diges- the end of 2018. Two to three NanoH2O, recently acquired salinity of the source water is
• Policy and regulations, tion of sludge, energy reduc- more years will be needed be- by LNG, has developed thin- relatively high. Such energy
• Technical issues and energy tion for wastewater treatment, fore the regulations apply and film nano-composite (TFN) reduction could yield cost of
efficiency, and new membranes from these products are EU certified membranes, which incorpo- water reduction of 20-25% by
• Innovation and fast imple- biomaterials. Aerobic granula- for safe use. rate zeolite nanoparticles (100 the year 2030, especially for
mentation of new tools, tech- tion, for instance, is touted as nanometers in diameter) into non-drinking water produc-
nologies, and good practices. the future standard for indus- Anammox Anaerobic Waste- a traditional polyamide thin tion applications.
trial and municipal wastewater water Treatment membrane film. These new
Resource Recovery and treatment due to its energy-ef- During the last 20 years, TFN membranes have been Membrane Distillation (MD)
Energy Self-Sufficiency fectiveness and cost-efficien- many research projects were commercially available for At present, MD systems are
Technologies for energy cy. It has also been noted that conducted on the Anammox seawater applications since commercially available from
self-sufficiency aim to recover plate and frame membrane process. In 2007, the first large- September 2010. The new Memsys, which have focused
energy contained in the influ- bioreactor (MBR) systems scale Anammox reactor was membrane elements have 10- the advancement of this tech-
ent wastewater of WWTPs and with higher permeability, less built in Rotterdam. It displays 20% higher productivity than nology application mainly for
to use this energy for waste- biofouling and outstanding the vast possibilities of this other currently available RO treatment of produced water
water treatment and solids chemicals and temperature new process. It is expected that membranes or to operate at waste streams from oil and
handling. In the next 10 to 15 resistance will become main- this game-changing disrup- approximately 10-15% lower gas industry. Other compa-
years, it is expected that a new stream wastewater treatment tive technology will become a energy use while achieving the nies, such as Memstill, Keppel
wave of technologies will be and resource recovery technol- mainstream wastewater pro- same productivity as standard Seghers, and XZERO MD have
developed, which have the po- ogy by the year 2030. cess in the majority of WWTPs RO elements. recently commercialized MD
tential to make the WWTPs en- by the year 2030. Nano-structured mem- systems mainly for industrial
ergy self-sufficient, producing Phosphorus Recovery from branes hold the greatest poten- wastewater treatment and re-
as much energy as they use. At WWTP Sludge Desalination tial to cause a quantum leap use applications. The main cost
present, most WWTPs deploy Germany has taken a lead- While at present, desalina- in desalination cost reduction savings that can result from
technologies that can recover ing position in this initiative tion provides approximately because theoretically, they the application of this technol-
energy from wastewater sludge and a number of other coun- 10% of the municipal water can produce an order of mag- ogy for large-scale desalina-
that cover only 20-25% of the tries in central and northern supply of the urban coastal nitude more fresh water from tion plants is lowering the cost
plant total power demand. Europe are expected to follow centers worldwide, by the year the same membrane surface of fresh water production from
New technologies expected to suit in the next five years. 2030 this percentage is expect- area than the state-of-the-art highly saline seawaters such as
be developed by the year 2020 ed to reach 25%. RO membranes commercial- those of the Arabian Gulf and
would increase self-sufficiency Enabling Conditions for the ly available on the market at the Red Sea and the costs for
to 75%, and further energy re- Resource Recovery The New and Emerging present. concentrate management and
covery and reuse technology Recently adopted regula- Technologies disposal for brackish desali-
development are projected to tions in Germany, Switzerland Near and long-term desali- Forward Osmosis (FO) nation plants and RO systems
be able to make WWTPs 100% and Austria mandate phospho- nation technology advances Several companies such used for potable reuse by 15-
energy self- sufficient by the rus recovery from wastewater are projected to yield a sig- as Modern Water, Hydration 20%. Commercialization and
year 2030. sludge, thereby promoting nificant decrease in costs of Technology Innovation, and industry-wide adoption of
Energy self-sufficiency and the recovery of this valuable production of desalinated Trevi Systems have devel- such systems is highly likely to
sludge management are inex- resource. These regulations water by the year 2030. In oped commercially available transform the water industry
tricably linked. The near-term are essentially phasing out desalination, innovative tech- FO membrane desalination by the year 2030.
goal of 75% self-sufficiency the land application of nearly nologies have been addressing technologies, which to date
would be possible to achieve all use of sludge from WWTPs longstanding issues that have have only found application Electrochemical Desalina-
by the development of ad- and mandating phosphorus hampered the development of for treatment of wastewaters tion
vanced technologies for har- recovery from this sludge by this alternative resource. New from oil and gas industry and Developed by Evoqua (for-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 21

merly Siemens) under a Chal- and durable commercial mem- Desalination Parameter for Best-in Year Year Year
lenge Grant from the Gov- branes - such products are ex- The future improvements of Class Desalination Plants 2018 2022 2030
ernment of Singapore, this pected to be commercialized the RO membrane technology Total Electrical Ener- 3.5 - 4.0 2.8 - 3.2 2.1 - 2.4
continuous electrochemical by the year 2030. which are projected to occur gy Use (kWh/m3)
desalination process is based by the year 2030 are forecast- Cost of Water (USD/m3) 0.8 - 1.2 0.6 - 1.0 0.3 - 0.5
on a combination of ultrafiltra- Joint Desalination and Wa- ed to encompass:
tion pre-treatment, electrodial- ter Reuse • Development of membranes Construction Cost 1.2 - 2.2 1.0 - 1.8 0.5 - 0.9
ysis (ED) and continuous elec- A new trend towards adopt- of higher salt and pathogen (USD/MLD)
trodeionization (CEDI) and is ing the One-Water concept is rejection, and productivity;
Membrane Productiv- 28-48 55-75 95-120
claimed to desalinate seawater the development of technolo- and reduced trans-mem-
ity (m3/membrane)
to drinking water quality at gies for joint desalination and brane pressure, and fouling
Table 1: Forecast of Desalination Energy Use and Costs for Medium
only 1.5 kWh per cubic meter. water reuse, where the desali- potential;
and Large Plants
This energy consumption is nation plant and the potable • Improvement of membrane
lower than the energy use of reuse plant are combined into resistance to oxidants, ele- United States, and Australia have to develop a diversified
conventional SWRO desali- One-Water Plant producing vated temperature and com- and in locations of concen- portfolio of water supply in
nation systems. The potential drinking water at disruptively paction; trated industrial demand for which conventional and direct
reduction of desalinated water (25-35%) lower cost as com- • Extension of membrane use- high-quality water such as Sin- potable water reuse and de-
costs this technology can yield pared to seawater desalination ful life beyond 10 years; gapore, China, and Northern salination have a comparable
is 15-20% by the year 2030. alone. • Integration of membrane Chile. share to that of conventional
The One-Water technologies pre-treatment, advanced water treatment sources such
Capacitive Deionization present an opportunity for re- energy recovery and SWRO Conclusion as rivers, lakes, and dams. In
(CDI) duction of the energy and cost systems; While the water industry order for such fundamental
The technology holds prom- needed for desalination by • Integration of brackish and faces diverse challenges it is transformation of the wa-
ise because it could theoreti- feeding highly treated second- seawater desalination sys- making significant progress ter industry to occur by year
cally reduce the physical size ary effluent or RO reject from tems; towards finding cost-effective 2030, the fundamental legal
and capital costs of desalina- wastewater treatment plant • Development of new gen- and sustainable water man- framework, which currently
tion plants with over 30%. into the feed water of SWRO eration of high-efficiency agement solutions and dis- regulates water and waste-
Current carbon electrode tech- desalination plant. Because pumps and energy recovery ruptive technologies, which water separately (e.g., in the
nology, however, limits salt the discharge from advanced systems for SWRO applica- by the year 2030 are expected US they are regulated by the
removal to only 70-80%, uses water reclamation plants has tions; to transform water manage- Safe Drinking Water Act and
approximately two times more an order of magnitude low- • Replacement of key stainless ment and elevate its reliance the Clean Water Act) has to
energy than conventional RO er salinity than the source steel desalination plant com- on alternative water resources be transformed into a unified
systems and is subject to high seawater, the SWRO system’s ponents with plastic compo- such as water reuse and de- One-Water Act that recognizes
electrode cleaning costs due to feed water salinity and ener- nents to increase plant lon- salination. Water profession- water as a valuable resource in
organic fouling. New electrode gy cost for desalination could gevity and decrease overall als worldwide are united in all of its forms and uses.
materials as grapheme and be reduced by 20% or more. cost of water production. building a future where water
carbon nanotubes may poten- Such treatment process is ref- • Reduction of membrane is recognized and treated as About the Author
tially offer a solution to the erenced as joint desalination element costs by complete precious, highly valuable re-
current technology challenges and water reuse or One-Water automation of the entire pro- source, and as a cornerstone of
and are very likely to become process. An example of such duction and testing process; a circular economy.
readily available by the year joint desalination and water • Development of methods for The main transformational
2030. reuse facility is the Hitachi’s low-cost continuous mem- change of the water industry
Remix system, which has brane cleaning which allow is that it is entering a new era
Biomimetic Membranes been extensively tested at the to reduce downtime and of water management where
Aquaporins are an example 40,000 m3/day Water Plaza chemical cleaning costs; the old barriers of water and
of such membrane structures. Advanced Treatment Plant in • Development for methods wastewater are slowly fading
Currently, researchers at the Japan. for low-cost membrane con- and where water in all of its
US, Singapore, and Australia As direct potable reuse ma- centrate treatment, in-plant states is looked upon as a valu-
are focusing on advanced re- tures and gains worldwide ac- and off-site reuse, and dis- able commodity and precious
search in the field of biomi- ceptance in the next 10 years, posal. resource that has to be closely
metic membranes and in July joint desalination and water These technology advances monitored, digitalized, ac-
2018, the company Aquaporin reuse facilities are likely to are expected to ascertain the counted for, and reused rather Nikolay Voutchkov is a reg-
introduced the first commer- become a mainstream trend position of SWRO treatment than being considered just istered professional engineer
cial FO membrane with em- and attractive low-energy al- as viable and cost-competitive a simple source of supply or and a board-certified environ-
bedded aquaporins. Although ternative for the production processes for potable water waste that has to be disposed mental engineer (BCEE) by
this research field is projected of desalinated water. The ben- production and to reduce the of. the American Academy of En-
to ultimately yield high-re- efits and potential challenges cost of fresh water production Traditionally water utilities vironmental Engineers. He has
ward benefits (e.g., overall of joint desalination and reuse from seawater by 25% by the have managed water supply over 25 years of experience
desalinated water cost and en- plants in terms of efficiency, year 2022 and by up to 60% and treatment of wastewater, in planning, environmental
ergy use reduction with over reliability, costs and product by the year 2030 (Table 1). minimizing the impact on review, permitting and imple-
two times), currently it is in water quality are currently un- In the future, desalination the environment by removing mentation of large seawater
early stages of development - dergoing thorough investiga- is likely to be adopted as main nutrients and using the waste desalination, water treatment
further research is focused on tion in demonstration plants water supply in most arid generated in a beneficial man- and water reclamation proj-
the formation and production in Japan and South Africa. and semi-arid regions of the ner. In order to adapt to the ects in the US and abroad. Mr.
of aquaporin structures, which world such and the Middle challenges they face in the Voutchkov is President of Wa-
are incorporated into robust Enabling Conditions for the East, North Africa, the Western next 10 to 15 years, utilities ter Globe Consultants, LLC.

22 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Do We Just Need a Sign to Save Water?
A study finds that the signs create a greater sense of environmental stewardship
that could help reduce water consumption.
By Klaus Reichardt
weather-based water conser- of day/time water restrictions,
vation strategies were more the control group paid closer
effective than the day/time attention to the weather and
water restrictions currently in then determined if their lawns
place. needed irrigation.
The test included 627
households divided into two The Bigger Picture
groups: 321 households were The researchers suggested
designated the experimental that their findings could have
group and 306 the control more significant ramifications
group. The control group con- than might initially be real-
tinued to observe the water ized. “This program has the
restrictions in place but made added benefit of getting peo-
no other changes in their lawn ple more in tune with the nat-
irrigation habits. ural water cycle, which might
What the researchers did help [water users] prepare for
was rather simple. Throughout changes in water supply and
the experimental neighbor- water policy,” said Ata Sara-
hoods, they placed road signs. jedini, Ph.D., Dean of FAU’s
The road signs would change Charles E. Schmidt College of
regularly, indicating how Science.
much rainfall had occurred in Does this mean we could
the past seven days; remind post similar signs in, for in-
ACCORDING TO A JUNE 17, awareness of India’s water sit- one lawn. If there are 20 hous- homeowners that most Florida stance, roads around residen-
2018 report in Al Jazeera, In- uation could be one step in es on a block, all with the same lawns only needed to be irri- tial neighborhoods as well as
dia is facing its worst-ever wa- reducing consumption. This sized lawn and watered just as tated about once per week, and industrial and commercial fa-
ter crisis. The report, written was one of the goals of an ex- frequently, this means that just would include the following cilities, updating facility man-
by Zeenat Saberin, says that periment conducted in the US this one block of houses use message at the bottom of the agers on water conditions and
about 600 million people liv- state of Florida by Florida At- more than 3,000,000 gallons sign: “Is rainfall alone meeting urging them to use water more
ing in India are facing “high to lantic University (FAU), where of water per year just for lawn the water needs of your lawn?” efficiently and only as needed?
extreme stress over water.” The most people in suburban areas irrigation. The researchers also sent out The researchers believe the
author cites a study, published have the lawns that are wa- As we can see, this quickly postcards to the experimental answer is yes. They say the
by Composite Water Resources tered frequently, rain or shine. becomes a massive volume of group, just to make sure they signs created “a greater sense
Management, an Indian think Making people more aware water. This is why many ar- understood the information of environmental stewardship
tank, that warns if this con- of their water consumption eas of Florida, just as in simi- on the signs. that could be tied to everyday
tinues, conflicts and related might encourage them to use lar communities around the After several weeks, the re- activities,” all of which could
threats are right around the water more efficiently, helping world, have implemented day searchers started gathering help reduce water consump-
corner. to reduce consumption. While and time water restrictions. data. What they found was tion in industrial and com-
“Critical groundwater re- the study involved residences, These restrictions tell home- that in the summer months, mercial locations, potentially
sources, which account for 40 the researchers also believed owners on what days and at when this region of Florida decreasing water consumption
percent of our water supply, that it could have ramifications what times they can irrigate received the most water, there considerably.
are being depleted at unsus- for commercial and industrial their lawns. According to Flor- was, what was termed, an “as-
tainable rates,” the report said. facilities with lawns and other ida water officials, however, tonishing” 61 percent decrease About the Author
Further, Mridula Ramesh, vegetation areas as well. the limits are making no more in lawn watering in the exper- Klaus Reichardt is Founder
author of books on climate Before we discuss the study, than a dent in water consump- imental group, saving millions and CEO of Waterless Co. Inc.,
change and its impact on In- we need to know a bit more tion, far less than what was of gallons of water per week. USA. He founded the company
dia, told Al Jazeera that, “there about lawns found not only in hoped for. This is why they But there were no such chang- in 1991 with the goal of estab-
are few or no restrictions on Florida but in suburban areas turned to FAU for help. es in the control group. lishing a new market segment
groundwater extraction [in In- around the world. The average Further, the experimental in plumbing fixture industry
dia], leading to wasteful water lawn in the U.S. is 2,500 square The Experiment group continued to use about with water efficiency in mind.
consumption. In agriculture, feet. It takes, on average, FAU selected a residential 41 percent less water than Along with Waterless No-Flush
crop choice that is unsuitable 12,500 gallons of water every community and put together the control group even after urinal, which works entirely
for a given region is one exam- month to water that lawn. That a program referred to as “The the test period. This indicated without water, it manufactures
ple of this.” totals over 150,000 gallons of Rain-Watered Lawn” program. that a water conservation pat- other restroom and plumbing
It appears that greater water each year just to irrigate The goal was to determine if tern had developed. Instead related products.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 23

Data Tools Improve Nutrient
Real-time nutrient monitoring systems can help communities address the
underlying causes of persistent nutrient loading in surface waters, providing a better
understanding of harmful algal blooms and nutrient management strategies that
can improve water quality.
By Karlin Danielsen, Nathan Zgnilec, and Vincent Kelly

The Autonomous Nutrient Monitor can Create a Continuous, Real-Time Flow of Phosphorus Data to Help Water Professionals Better Characterize the Mobilization of Nutrients that Contribute to Harmful
Algal Blooms.

the millions of residents who region’s rivers and reservoirs in and entering the lake from ing sources to improve water
Harmful Algal Blooms depend on the lake for their bearing nutrient-rich waters. tributaries are critical compo- quality.
(HABs) are a major threat to drinking water. Algal blooms Measuring, disseminating, nents of understanding and Communities are also fac-
Lake Erie’s water quality and are also being found in the and tracking nutrient levels predicting HABs and target- ing new regulations associated

24 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

mous monitoring system was Rock Creek at the US Geolog-
chosen based on its ability to ical Survey gauging station in
monitor SRP and nitrate + ni- Tiffin, Ohio. Rock Creek pri-
trite (N+N). marily drains the agricultural
To support recent advance- land and is subject to flashy
ments in continuous monitor- flows with dynamic loading
ing equipment, many sensors rates of phosphorus, sediment,
now allow users to view re- and other components that
al-time data on a website. Such form HABs, making it an ideal
web-based programs improve location for testing new mon-
traditional methods of viewing itoring technologies. The Na-
field results. However, multi- tional Center for Water Quality
ple probes often are deployed Research (NCWQR) at Heidel-
together (such as streamflow, berg University in Tiffin has
chemical concentrations, and an ongoing nutrient monitor-
rainfall), and the individual ing program at the Rock Creek
data streams can’t be viewed site, providing an opportunity
simultaneously. As a result, to validate the autonomous
Figure 1: Data Validation (The Autonomous SRP Data were Consistent with the NCWQR Samples).
multiple data sets must be data with a reputable, inde-
with HABs. In 2017, munici- to unite northeast Ohio cor- tection Agency–approved pulled into a separate software pendent laboratory. Figure 1
pal drinking water treatment porations, universities, gov- colorimetric methods. The package that allows them to shows excellent agreement
plants along the western shore ernment agencies, and others ability to continuously moni- be viewed together. Moreover, between the autonomous SRP
of Lake Erie were required to to focus on water quality and tor SRP levels is significant in the software must offer model- data and composite samples
develop contingency plans promote water’s value for the tackling HABs because it’s the ing and analysis tools that can taken by NCWQR. A similar
for HAB-generated toxins in regional economy. CWA es- form of phosphorus directly manage large data sets. agreement was observed with
source waters. Moreover, the tablished a competition called consumed by algae. Such nu- When forming Team GLASS, an N+N data set.
state of Ohio soon will re- the Internet of H2O Challenge trient monitoring systems can the engineering consultant During the Rock Creek de-
quire all wastewater treatment (iH2O) in October 2017, chal- produce a continuous data set also partnered with a software ployment, a storm delivered
plants to meet new phospho- lenging teams to develop of phosphorus measurements. manufacturer offering an ana- 0.8 in. of rain. The GLASSES
rus discharge limits. Even so, next-generation networking Team GLASS created a reli- lytical platform that can view technology captured continu-
more needs to be done to re- and sensor technologies to able, affordable nutrient moni- and analyze data from mul- ous measurements of nutrient
duce overall nutrient loading monitor Lake Erie’s phospho- toring system that can generate tiple parameters in real time. concentrations in Rock Creek
to a level that would inhibit rus loads in real time. a continuous real-time flow of This software platform was during the storm. These mea-
HAB formation. One of the competitors, phosphorus data. The system integrated with the monitor- surements were uploaded to
Many challenges arise in Team GLASS, was headed by meets a wide range of specifi- ing instrument manufacturer’s the analytical software plat-
monitoring the nutrients that an engineering consultant that cations, including affordable device to manage water quali- form in real time, allowing
cause HABs in the Great Lakes integrated several technolo- pricing, with units available ty data and support data analy- conditions to be observed as
and their tributaries, includ- gies to create an affordable for $10,000, and the ability sis. Linking the systems with a the storm occurred. Figure 2
ing the high cost of monitor- way to continuously monitor to monitor one or more pa- wireless telemetry unit created shows that flow in Rock Creek
ing phosphorus and the lack phosphorus loads. The inte- rameters, such as phosphorus an hourly flow of data directly responded rapidly to the
of continuous data available grated system was named the and nitrogen. The engineering into a program with modeling rainfall event. The response
to support real-time decision Great Lakes Automated Sam- consultant chose to partner capabilities. to rainfall for SRP and N+N
making. Although monitoring pling Solutions and Evaluation with a nutrient monitoring didn’t follow the same timing
the water quality of tributar- System (GLASSES). The judges instrument manufacturer and Proof of Concept as the flow. Rather, the concen-
ies isn’t a new idea, traditional awarded Team GLASS the first- install the company’s nutri- The GLASSES technology trations peaked one day after
monitoring techniques have place prize for a field-ready, ent monitoring system for the was demonstrated in a proof- the flow peaked.
inherent limitations. Often, end-to-end solution based on iH2O Challenge. The autono- of-concept deployment on The software was used to
monitoring programs have in- a validated data set and the af-
volved sending out a crew to fordability to scale the system
perform grab sampling or us- across a large geographic area.
ing composite samplers to col-
lect samples and then testing Real-Time Nutrient
those samples in a lab. Such Monitoring
monitoring methods naturally Sensor technologies for wa-
limit sampling frequency and ter quality monitoring have
the timeliness needed to turn experienced rapid develop-
samples into valuable infor- ment in recent years. These
mation. advances have resulted in
wet chemistry robots that can
Sparking Innovation monitor nitrogen and phos-
Tackling the challenges as- phorus by pumping samples
sociated with nutrient mon- into units that analyze soluble
itoring in the Great Lakes is reactive phosphorus (SRP),
a priority for the Cleveland the most bioavailable form
Water Alliance (CWA), a non- of phosphorus, in accordance Figure 2: Timing of Flow and Nutrient Responses (Nutrient Concentrations Peaked One Day After the Flow Peaked in
profit organization that seeks with US Environmental Pro- Response to a 0.8-in. Rainfall Event - the Dashed Line Indicates a Temporary Failure of Controller).

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 25

unpleasant to look at, unsafe
to swim in, and foul smelling.
The technologies used in the
GLASSES approach offer com-
munities empowering tools Now
to do more than cope. Now
communities can participate communities
in identifying pollutant sourc-
es and possible solutions. An
can participate
affordable network of continu- in identifying
ous monitoring devices makes
regional source tracking a real- pollutant sources
ity. Such a network can identify and possible
phosphorus levels from multi-
ple sources, providing the in- solutions.
formation needed to focus on
Figure 3: Nutrient Loading (Two Responses are Evident for the Nutrient Loads - Dashed Lines Indicate a Temporary
the largest sources first. Then, to understanding. The level
Failure of Controller). with data in hand, community of detail now available allows
leaders can approach the own- communities to recognize the
analyze the in-stream nutrient day later. to the processes dominating ers of upstream sources and interrelationships that affect
dynamics. Figure 3 illustrates This data-set is based on nutrient transport. Such un- begin conversations that may pollutant mobilization. These
the nutrient loading in Rock samples filtered through a 70 derstanding allows users to lead to strategic alliances. new insights can support com-
Creek in response to the rain- μm filter to measure SRP. Al- select the most effective man- For example, the 2018 Ohio munities’ efforts to address
fall event. Two responses are though particle-based trans- agement practice for a specific Domestic Action Plan report- the underlying causes of per-
evident for the nutrient loads. port is an important compo- site. ed that 87 percent of total sistent water quality issues.
A small response occurred on nent of nutrient mobilization, phosphorus in the Maumee The iH2O Challenge has
the day of rainfall. It’s hypoth- the process isn’t captured in Use Data to Build River could be attributed to been a springboard to a new
esized that this small load was this data set, which provides Alliances nonpoint sources. Agricultur- era of water quality monitor-
caused by high-intensity run- insight into soluble-phase nu- Downstream communities al runoff is a known nonpoint ing. The concept of integrating
off from impervious surface ar- trient transport exclusively. are often forced to cope with source of nutrient loads. In technologies to make continu-
eas in Tiffin, transporting low The ability to gain an in- the water quality they receive Michigan, the Department of ous real-time water monitoring
concentrations of nutrients. depth understanding of sys- from upstream waters, and Agriculture and Rural Devel- possible can be applied to any
On the day following rain- tem dynamics is only possible impaired water bodies directly opment is experimenting with parameter for which there’s
fall, a second, larger response with high-frequency, continu- affect a community’s bottom smart systems that would re- an available probe. GLASSES
was observed. It’s hypothe- ous data sets. Flow and nutri- line. Businesses and residents tain water in tile drains and al- enables communities to strate-
sized that this larger response ent patterns change rapidly in are deterred from locating to low the nutrient-rich water to gize capital improvements and
represents subsurface flow, response to rainfall, and those a community with an unreli- percolate back into the fields. invest in solutions that deliver
percolating through soil and changes are accelerated by im- able source of drinking water. These systems have the poten- results.
carrying a larger nutrient load pervious areas. Details on the Moreover, few people want to tial to reduce nutrient loading
but traveling with a lower flow timing of flow and nutrient visit lakeside attractions or and simultaneously increase About the Authors
rate. Thus, this flow arrived a response provide critical clues own property near water that’s crop yields. Karlin Danielsen and Na-
The GLASSES concept could than Zgnilec are with OHM
quantify the performance of Advisors, Livonia, Mich. Vin-
this or other strategies to re- cent Kelly is with Green Eyes,
duce phosphorus stream loads Easton, Md.
on a sub-basin scale. Farmers Source: This article original-
who see enhanced crop yields ly appeared in the August 2018
in the demonstration studies issue of Opflow, the water in-
are then easier to motivate to dustry’s most popular resource
explore new on-field nutrient on operations issues pub-
management strategies. Prov- lished by the American Water
en strategies could be scaled if Works Association (AWWA).
downstream users are willing The award-winning monthly
to provide matching funds and magazine presents new and
invest in solutions that protect established technologies and
their own clean water inter- ideas that readers can apply
ests. These types of symbiotic to water treatment and distri-
alliances are the relationships bution as well as wastewater
CWA sought to create as a nat- operations. Opflow is a benefit
ural outgrowth of the iH2O for members of AWWAIndia
Challenge. and a valued resource for wa-
New technologies are pre- ter professionals around the
senting new opportunities to world. To join AWWAIndia,
create high-frequency, con- visit To view
tinuous data sets that help the original article, see https://
users move from confusion

26 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Plan for Water Safety and Security
By Abhishek Dutta

is of course compromised. In ter-pockets/ zones/ bound- 70%.
most of the cases, water supply aries/ DMAs and so on - to
networks and sewer networks control water loss and detect The Adoption
are laid in the same alignment. unreported leaks as soon as The management of water
As a result, when any leakage possible, etc. safety through WSPs (or equiv-
occurs in the water network Any water supply system alent) is increasingly being
pipeline during supply hours, has to compromise its water formalized globally as an obli-
water is lost through leaks, and quality at the consumer’s end gation or through strongly pro-
during non-supply hours, the - mainly due to unequal water moted good practices for ur-
contaminated water/ sewer supply system. I am glad to see ban water supplies. In a recent
water enters in the pipeline that India is gradually being WSP implementation progress
from that particular leakage conscious about upgrading report, it was noted that “92
and gets stagnant. And when its water infrastructure to im- countries, representing every
the supply starts again, the prove water supply system, but region of the world, have im-
treated water gets mixed up the velocity of moving should plemented WSPs or equivalent
with the contaminated water be a little high in a hugely pop- risk assessment and risk man-
and reaches at the customer’s ulated country like India. agement approaches.”
end. Now, we can identify two
problems on a single platform: Security: Indian citizens still The Influence of WSP
• Age old pipelines and infra- don’t have sufficient awareness
structure, about using the treated water Direct Influence
• Insufficient water to deliver in a proper way. ULBs should • Drinking-water infrastruc-
on a 24x7 basis to encounter educate local public about the ture projects, such as water
the above-mentioned prob- ‘use of water’, and ‘ways to save reticulation networks or wa-
lem. water at home’. Generally, we ter treatment plants.
compare even serious natural •Water resources infrastruc-
Which option should be resources like water, petrol, ture projects, of which one of
used then? etc. with our ability to buy it. the intended beneficial uses
24x7 water supply, on one Whereas, we must realize that is subsequent drinking-wa-
hand, indeed provides a ben- we should use it gently and ter supply.
eficial water service to the save it for the future. Because
consumers, but on the other that day is not far when we are Indirect Influence
Introduction • E stimated contamination hand, it causes more water loss going to have serious issues on • 
Projects that draw water
A Water Safety Plan (WSP) levels and risks for a specific (man-made + leakage originat- the treated water in India. from drinking-water sourc-
is defined by the World Health system, ed) than intermittent supply. es (dams, weirs, reservoirs,
Organization (WHO) as “a • Expectations of investors And we are not in a position The Groundwater and rivers), or add water to
comprehensive risk assess- and clients, to waste the water but need to India is a groundwater econ- drinking-water sources, and
ment and risk management • Willingness or ability to re- save water for the future and omy. At 260 km3/year, our as a result change the flow of
approach that encompasses cover costs from the commu- use the exact quantity which country is the highest user of rivers or the level of water in
all steps in water supply from nity, and we required for our livelihood. groundwater in the world - we water storages (such as agri-
catchment to consumer” to en- • Expectations of water quality Hence, I must say, we should use 25% of all groundwater cultural use, and irrigation).
sure safe drinking water. standards including health explore the other option, i.e., extracted globally, ahead of • 
Projects that either pollute
It is described in the WHO’s and, possibly, acceptability “age-old pipeline and infra- the USA and China. When we or clean up drinking-water
Guidelines for Drinking-water aspects. structure”. I think, in the urban think of water, however, our sources, such as environ-
Quality (GDWQ) as the “most water supply system, apart brains have been programmed mental remediation projects
effective means of consistently Brutal Truth About from daily monitoring of wa- to think of large dams and or infrastructure invest-
ensuring the safety of drinking Present Water Supply ter quality in the distribution rivers, and not wells. This, de- ments relating to mining or
water supply.” It is implement- System in Terms of Water system and treatment plants, spite the fact that India has at industry.
ed as a series of steps that are Safety & Security if we do not initiate to improve least four crore irrigation wells • 
Projects that provide basic
revisited periodically. the underground infrastruc- and millions of farmers who infrastructure that, in turn,
Safety: Looking at the urban ture, i.e.: use well water in agriculture. facilitate improvements in
The Objective water supply system, India has • Replacing pipeline networks, India was not the highest ex- water supply and quality,
The objective of promoting such ULBs (Union Local Bod- • Pressure management tools, tractor of groundwater in the such as power infrastructure
WSPs is to broaden the em- ies) where water supply is gen- • Schedule an active leak de- 1960s and 70s, but the “Green investments.
phasis of water quality man- erally for on average 6-8 hrs/ tection problem, Revolution” changed that. At
agement to include operations day basis. This means we are in • GIS mapping and integrate the time of our independence About the Author
and management of water sup- a country of intermittent sup- quality management system (1947), the share of ground- Abhishek Dutta is Water
plies. WSPs are locally tailored ply. Now, we know that in any with it, and water in agriculture was 35%, & Wastewater Head, AMRUT,
to respond to factors such as: intermittent supply, quality • Segregation of small wa- whereas today it is a startling UP.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 27

Operating Wastewater Treatment Plants in Flood-
Prone and Sandy Areas
Fine screening retrofit combats the forces of nature to deliver efficiency and
environmental benefits for wastewater treatment.
By CST Wastewater Solutions

OPERATING WASTEWA- The Casino retrofit project
TER TREATMENT plants in replaced the previous coarse
flood-prone and sandy areas raked screen design, which not
throughout Australia and New only allowed more solids to
Zealand is fraught with hazard. pass through to foul process-
Overflows and clogging result- ing downstream but also had
ing from storms can not only to be manually and laborious-
result in smelly, unhealthy ly raked out when they clogged
and damaging discharges into during high-flow events.
environmentally sensitive wa- The new screening retrofit
terways but also pose OH&S - combined with grit removal
hazards to those charged with and clean bagging processes -
the dirty and heavy work of captures more solids to reduce
clean-ups. potential blockages in tanks
One organization that has and downstream equipment,
overcome the problem in a while reducing odors by seal-
long-term and cost-efficient ing the inlet works and by the
manner is the Richmond Val- installation of new odor con-
ley Council, which is now trol units. The project’s high-ef-
reaping the dividends of in- ficiency fine screening SF
stalling fine screening and technology (Screen Extractor
waste extractor technologies at for Channel Installation com-
its Casino Sewage Treatment bined with a CST Screw Com-
Plant. pactor) is engineered to deliver
The fine grit extraction low-maintenance performance
technology supplied by CST with reduced WHS hazards
Wastewater Solutions for this for municipal and industrial
retrofit is suitable for both lo- wastewater operators.
cal authority and industrial The SF allows for a much
applications, such as food and finer level of screening - 5mm
beverage, manufacturing and compared with typical old
processing, mining, energy systems at 60 mm or more -
and resources camps where which has led to a significant
its low maintenance, high reduction in solids in the
hygiene qualities are appre- tanks, while producing more
ciated. It is also applicable to efficient treatment with less
agribusiness and installations maintenance.
where low maintenance and Specified to handle flows of
high efficiency is a priority up to 500 liters a second, the
for users who don’t need to Casino installation has coped
have specialist staff constantly flawlessly with everything na-
available. ture had to throw at it in its
In the Casino application, first year of operation, includ-
the new screening and grit ing some of the worst floods in
removal technologies have the district for years.
proved themselves in ser- “It just keeps on turning
vice over more than a year in over, taking out the waste
the Northern Rivers Region, that could block the system’s
where rainfall can vary from downstream processes and
about 600-2900 mm a year, cause unwanted discharges
with individual falls exceeding and maintenance,” says Casino
Robert Sabol Displays Grit Extracted by the High-Efficiency Installation 150 mm. WWTP Senior Operator Rob-

28 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

agribusiness developments
in the country or outback,
through to food, beverage,
manufacturing and process-
ing plants sharing precious Now we have
water resources with urban
areas. no overflows.
Rather than presenting such We can
organizations with a jigsaw confidently leave
of disparate collections of
technologies and engineering it to operate
services options for them to overnight,
piece together, the packaged knowing that
solutions focus on clear, prop-
erly engineered solutions that it just keeps on
deliver what they promise. working. We’re
CST offers turnkey solutions not worried
based on a known raw water
quality and guaranteeing wa- about coming
ter quality outcomes thus giv- back to find it
ing user engineers significant has overflowed.
confidence in the outcomes
and limiting their exposure - Robert Sabol,
The Easily Accessible Screen Augers and potential concerns, says Senior Operator,
CST Wastewater Solutions Casino WWTP
ert Sabol. 250 L/s flow, providing a total rial before pumping. Managing Director, Michael
“Now we have no overflows. capacity of 500 L/s. The versatile SF Screen Ex- Bambridge.
We can confidently leave it to The original inlet works at tractor can be installed in a (GWE) technologies in Aus-
operate overnight, knowing Casino STP were designed channel or supplied with the CST Wastewater Solutions tralia that are at the forefront
that it just keeps on working. with a coarse manual raked bar self-supporting tank, complete is involved in projects, tech- of waste-to-energy initiatives,
We’re not worried about com- screen system. The functional with inlet and outlet flange nologies, and services that in- turning a problem, wastewa-
ing back to find it has over- components of the treatment and optional bypass screen. crease environmental sustain- ter, into a profit, biogas, which
flowed,” he says. process downstream of the bar New engineer-and-build wa- ability since its inception over can be used to power boilers,
Compacted and dewa- screen receive a high amount ter and wastewater treatment 25 years ago. CST represents reduce fossil fuel use and con-
tered waste extracted from of debris, which formerly im- and recycling packages from Global Water Engineering verted to electricity.
the system is automatically pacted the efficiency of the CST Wastewater Solutions are
channeled into the waiting treatment process. The origi- aimed at industries and mu-
bagging-containers, where it nal inlet area also received a nicipalities that want to lower
is neatly collected without the high amount of odorous gases, the cost and complexity of
need for direct handling of which previously contributed such projects.
waste. significantly to odors emanat- The design, supply, and in-
Nor do operations staff ing from the treatment plant. stall packages - incorporating
have to get into the screening In addition to minimizing global and locally manufac-
system with rakes and levers these issues, the upgrade proj- tured technologies proven in
to clear blockages, which was ect involved fitting new tech- use by some of Australia and
a time-consuming and messy nology into an existing layout, New Zealand’s leading compa-
business with old coarse including tailoring the screens nies and councils - are aimed
screening. to fit into the existing formed particularly at:
“Servicing of this system channel. • Councils seeking engineer-
involves next to nothing com- CST Wastewater Solutions’ ing assistance to developing
pared with the old way. It is robust and proven units are clear choices and optimum
so easy and efficient. It can’t constructed from AISI 304 or solutions incorporating ad-
get any easier, whereas the old 316 stainless steel without vanced low-maintenance
coarse screen would just clog the need for the hanger, inter- technologies providing high
up and block.” Sustainability mediate or bottom bearings. levels of water purity while
of the new system is further Featuring a space-efficient reducing maintenance,
enhanced by the energy sav- design suited to small sewage waste handling and OH&S
ings it produces, typically .8 plants, the standard unit can issues associated with run-
kw on a 24-hour cycle. handle up to 1000 m3 an hour ning them.
The Casino retrofit also in- with custom engineering also • Industries seeking readily
volved the installation of an available for particular instal- constructed or portable, low
SDS 20 compactor with two lations. A vertical version is maintenance solutions for
inlets - one for each screen - to also available to easily retrofit operations particularly in
dewater screenings to 25-30% into existing pump stations, remote, ecologically or envi-
dry solids. Each screen has an and, with depths up to 8m, the ronmentally sensitive areas
enhanced design capacity of screen allows removal of mate- - ranging from resources or The System in Operation

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 29

A Synopsis of Sinkhole Development and Mitigation
in a Newly Residentiwal Roadway
The entire operation from the stabilization of the sinkhole, utility repair and
infrastructure repairs to pavement reconstruction took about 20 days.
By Deodat Budhu

ON APRIL 19, 2017, a road- pression was filled and a prob-
way depression opened within able sinkhole was suspected.
a travel lane in front of a res- The further investigation and west by residential houses Staff performed a quick site Observation from the 4 SPT
idence at 5561 Cypress Hill permanent remedial action for and on the east by a large re- reconnaissance of the roadway borings indicated that the
Road in unincorporated Or- the depression of the roadway tention pond which is more depression, noted the proxim- soil profiles in the focal area
ange County, Florida. This de- were turned over to the Public than 15 vertical feet lower ity of residential homes and showed raveled conditions in
pression was originally identi- Works Department as the right than the roadway. The water topography of area slope and the depth intervals of 34-70
fied by a resident and brought of way and roadway mainte- in the pond receded from the considered the drought con- feet which suggested down-
to the attention of the Orange nance are under the purview floodplain fringe because of a ditions and the past sinkhole ward erosion of sediments
County Utilities Division who of the Roads and Drainage recent drought. Because of the action not far from the area. into openings and cavities
initially thought it may have Division. depression and potential of a The site visit resulted in an in the underlying limestone.
resulted from a sewer line The location of the depres- sinkhole, this affected segment emergency evaluation service More so, none of the outer
leak. After extensive video of sion is in the new Orchard of the roadway was blocked to sought from a contracted con- borings showed similar zones
the sewer main, it was deter- Hills single-family residential thru traffic with a detour in tinuing County Engineering of void like conditions. The
mined that the utility system subdivision where houses place and safety barricades firm, for a geotechnical expert GPR showed void to a depth
was in good shape and did not are still under construction. were installed around the de- investigation and recommen- of 12 feet and a shear face cir-
have any leaks or damage to The location of the roadway pression to prevent pedestrian dations. A drilling rig was cular roof collapse to 25 feet in
cause this depression. The de- depression is abutted on the as well as vehicular access. quickly mobilized from their depth which corresponded to
geotechnical sub-consulting to the top of the raveled zone at
perform Standard Penetration the focal area boring (B-4), see
Test (SPT) borings. The depth above. Hence with the suspect
of the SPT borings was per- of a sinkhole confirmation
formed at 50-72 feet below the which is conical in shape with
surface. One (1) SPT boring a diameter of 23 feet and 12
was drilled in the center of the feet deep.
depression (called B-4), while Injection grouting com-
three (3) other SPT borings menced into an injection
were drilled just outside the pipe which was driven to the
rim of the depression. These base of the raveled zone in
points were radially 10-15 feet the B-4 boring. The injection
from the focal area location. pipe went down to 70 feet and
The results of the borings ex- more than 20 cubic yards of
tracted from the geotechnical grout was pumped. No pres-
report are shown below. In sure was built during this in-
addition, Ground Penetrating jection meaning that the grout
Radar (GPR) was performed was still flowing freely. After
simultaneously. the second load of grout was

30 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

tion pipe in the middle of the cause of an immediate provi-
sinkhole. The cleaned hole was sion of requested information
then filled with imported sand and daily progress updates,
and slightly overbuilt to allow thereby mitigating a problem-
for settlement. This resulted in atic situation in a timely and
a few days of delays before the effective manner.
full-scale grouting stabiliza- The entire operation from
tion could be resumed. the stabilization of the sink-
Grouting stabilization re- hole, utility repair and infra-
sumed the next day and sub- structure repairs to pavement
sequently thereafter for a few reconstruction took about 20
more days and a total of 140 days. The overall cost for sink-
cubic yards of cement grout hole investigation, stabiliza-
was injected to prepare to sta- tion and roadway repairs by
bilize the ground by filling the staff and consultant ended up
void space and compacting the costing about USD 150,000.
soil. After the area was stabi- The roadway was re-opened
lized, the area was monitored and restored to full service.
and when no further change The public was very pleased
or movement was measured, with the immediate action pro-
the approval from the geotech- vided to protect their health,
nical engineers was provided safety, and welfare.
to commence roadway base
remediation and incidental About the Author
work such as repairs of the
Geogrid and Sub-Base Preparation curbs and gutters and resur-
pumped, the sinkhole settled quences depth adjustment and operation, a service water At the conclusion of the re-
again by about 1 foot at the additional grouting and solid main broke as a result of the mediation process, the sani-
center and re-cracked along formation began to show 46, subsidence, filling the work tary sewer main was repaired
the edges of the pavement. 39, 35, 34 of the grouting prog- area with water and causing and the base of the roadway
According to the geotechnical ress each day. At 34 feet, which the grouting operation to be extent where the sinkhole was
experts, this represented a nor- corresponds to the top of the suspended. As a result of the noted was reinforced using
mal pulldown response during raveled zone, additional grout broken water main, the depres- three (3) layers of geogrid rein-
grouting and shows that addi- pumping caused the ground to sion became more pronounced forcement. These layers were
tional stabilization was still re- rise which indicated comple- as the pavement caved in and installed at depths of 3 feet, 2
quired. Subsequently, the fol- tion of the grouting. The area damaged the existing vicinity feet and 1 foot in a compacted
lowing days the injection pipe was then monitored for several curb and gutter. The affected lime rock base material. The Deodat Budhu, P.E., is the
was raised to a depth of about days before other infrastruc- area was squared off and a curb and gutters were next Manager for Roads and Drain-
60 feet where it met solid mate- ture and utility repairs could trackhoe brought to the site reinstalled and then the re- age Division at Orange Coun-
rial formed from the previous be initiated. to clean the hole of all debris construction of the pavement ty Public Works Department.
day’s stabilization and then se- During the initial injection without damaging the injec- structure was completed. He has more than 36 years of
As expected, such a sinkhole experience in consulting, con-
generated many challenges tracting, teaching, research
from inquiries by citizens, and public works in a variety of
home-owner representatives, Civil Engineering disciplines.
and the media to construction He is currently responsible for
challenges. From the initial ob- the daily administration and
servation and during the com- management of 233 employ-
mencement of the grouting ees and an annual Operation
operations the geotechnical and Capital budget totaling
consultant and County Staff USD 85 million. His division
provided timely responses to is responsible for managing
the residents, media and HOA the construction, maintenance
daily on the progress, evalua- & operation of Orange Coun-
tion, and remedy with an open ty’s roadway and drainage
and direct dialogue. system infrastructure. He has
Moreover, all elected offi- a Bachelor of Science in Civil
cial and senior management Engineering and a Master of
were copied on daily updates Science in Water Resources
and progress. This potentially Engineering. He is a registered
alarming situation, especially Professional Engineer in Flori-
in a newly constructed resi- da and Virginia with member-
dential subdivision, has been ships in several professional
mildly accepted without any organizations including ASCE,
Roadway Paving in Progress major fanfare. This was be- FSA, APWA, amongst others.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 31

Water Networks and Drinking Water Treatment
Exploring the current challenges in the provision of potable water and water quality
By SEE (Social Entrepreneurs & Enterprises)

Introduction tleneck for utilities to achieve ities to meet the consumer lost in the pipe network as plenty, however, the agency
Across the globe, the water the stringent targets required expectations with respect to leakages and unaccounted for has been one of the most pro-
crisis has been an issue of to accomplish the goal of quality and quantity of water water due to the condition of active agency in the country
concern. Among the multi- clean and adequate water for supplied has not only lead to the existing infrastructure. in adopting innovative solu-
tude of challenges that plague all. The supply crisis is not growing dissatisfaction but BWSSB is currently sup- tions across the network. The
the water sector, three major only because of the lack of also a looming insecurity and plying water to its consumers agency has been vocal about
areas of concern summarize adequate raw water but also concern about the future of thrice in a week. The citizens the issues and challenges
the water worries: because of a huge amount of the water supply. While the are allocated 150 liters/per- faced in managing water sup-
• The depleting quality of the leakage of treated water from dissatisfaction prevails, con- son/day, however, BWSSB is ply and has been urging tech-
supplied water the existing supply networks. sumers are also becoming only able to supply 65 liters/ nology providers to help them
• The reducing amount of wa- 45 billion liters of water is more aware of water issues, person/day. Severe raw water with innovative solutions.
ter supply lost every day in global water challenges and concerns and shortage in river Cauvery ac- Some of the major challenge
• The inability of water utili- systems and wasteful usage many have started adopting companied by high levels of areas highlighted by BWSSB
ties and regulators to meet poses a big threat to the sus- a water-wise lifestyle for the losses in the water network in the past have been:
the citizen expectation tainability of water resource. sustainability of this life es- has made it extremely tough • Depleting available water
These issues have been Currently, one billion people sential resource. The most for BWSSB to meet the de- resources and shortage in
leading to growing concerns have no access to water and important questions that con- mands of the city. raw water supply
and insecurities among the 2.1 billion people lack access cern the common people cur- Broken infrastructure has • Contamination of treated
people, world over. The citi- to adequate safe water. rently are: not only led to extensive wa- water in the pipe network
zens now have become more The broken networks not • Will the water crisis impact ter losses but also added to • Lack of adequate infra-
water conscious and there only lead to extensive loss of the overall quantity of water the contamination of treat- structure for water supply
is a surge of inquisitiveness treated water, but they also supplied per person, in a ed water within the pipes at to match the exponential
on what a common person make the water supply vulner- few years? the points where the pipes growth of Bangalore city in
should be aware of and how able to external contaminants • What can be the best way are broken. Despite the huge the last two decades.
can civil society contribute backflowing into the pipes, to ensure safe water con- amount of energy and re- • Old network and leakage of
towards water conserva- contaminating the treated sumption if the quality of sources spent in treating raw 46% of water leading to the
tion. This article attempts water and compromising the supplied water cannot be water, BWSSB is unable to severe resource as well as fi-
to address the multitude of quality of water supplied to trusted? maintain good potable water nancial losses
challenges and needed in- the consumers. The contam- • What innovative ways can quality in the water supplied • Skilled workforce shortage
terventions, in the supply of ination of treated water in be adopted to help the util- to the consumers leading to leading to a crisis in manag-
drinking water faced across the pipes network has been a ities in performing better in consumer dissatisfaction. The ing the vast network
the globe, with special em- major concern, especially in managing water network? people in the city are con- • Lack of data on network per-
phasis on the situation in the the developing countries as it cerned about the quality of formance
city of Bangalore, India. makes all the expenditure and Bangalore Water supply water supplied and over 80% • Lack of decision support
efforts invested in water treat- - Current Status and of the consumers have started tools to help in sustainable
The Problem ment futile. Needs using point of use filtration strategic growth
Rapid urbanization has led The networks across the Bangalore Water Supply systems to ensure water safe- Many of these issues are
to a severe water crisis. The globe have old and leaking & Sewerage Board (BWSSB) ty in their drinking water. The not just Bangalore specific.
utilities across the globe are pipes and there is a great supplies approximately 1350 crisis in water supply has also For eg. Leakage is an issue
finding it difficult to meet shortage of data on existing million liters of water per created mass awareness about across the globe and is as high
the increasing water demand network health, thereby mak- day through its 8,746 km of looming water shortage and as 23% for the city of London
from the fast-growing popu- ing the capital investment pipeline network spread in concerned citizens of Banga- which is the capital of a very
lation. The changing lifestyle decision-making extremely 570 sq. km of the area. These lore have started understand- well developed country. Simi-
has further added to the per difficult for responsible au- operations are managed by ing the need for water con- larly, lack of data on network
capita water requirement. thorities. The insufficient approximately 2200 employ- servation and prudent usage, and lack of decision support
With limited water resources data, lack of adequate in- ees only, currently working however, a wider awareness tools is a major requirement
at hand, the water utilities are frastructure along with the in the department. Shortage and acceptance of water con- of most large networks across
hard pressed to adopt desper- shortage of human and capi- of manpower is accompanied servation measures is still the the globe.
ate measures in order to en- tal resources are some of the by a shortage of resources and need of the hour for the city. Most water utilities have
sure sustained and equitable major challenges that lead infrastructure. Bengaluru con- been looking at the technol-
water distribution. to underperformance of the sumes almost 50% of Cauvery The Need for Solutions ogy space for innovations to
While the utilities struggle water utilities and therefore, water reserved for domestic Across the Water Value overcome the multitude of
to meet the growing water increasing crisis and dissatis- use in the state of Karnataka, Chain challenges they face. The wa-
demands, lack of adequate faction among the consumers. however, 46% of this water BWSSB struggles in man- ter sector is full of opportu-
infrastructure has been a bot- The inability of water util- withdrawn by Bangalore is aging the water network are nities for innovators and en-

32 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

trepreneurs alike as there is a ter use? er method and no other water to ensure water conservation ists in the areas of networks
whole lot of potential for new source is available to provide and demand control are: automation, data collection
technologies and business Ensuring Safe Drinking water. If the household de- • Use of low water consuming & management, analytics and
models to solve the water sup- Water - Is Reverse pends on surface water source faucets and fittings decision support. With the
ply issues. Osmosis Absolutely for the water supply, it is • Use of drip irrigation for wa- changing business canvas,
The sector has been wit- Needed? recommended to consult an tering large gardens newer supply side business
nessing a slow but steady Most consumers install expert prior to choosing the • Night time irrigation of gar- models are emerging, creat-
growth in innovative ideas. point of use treatment devices mode of water treatment for dens ing a wide market for social
Some of the examples in- to ensure that they are drink- the household. •Wiping cars than washing innovator and entrepreneurs.
clude: ing clean and safe drinking them Addressing the consumers
• Innovations in leakage de- water. In the areas of contam- Managing Homes in • Recycling of used water for on the demand side has also
tection ination concerns, even gov- Lesser Water - Ensuring flushing toilets and irrigat- become a significant area
• Use of pig trains to quickly ernment bodies have started Conservative Water ing lawns, etc. of interest for several entre-
repair leakages in pipes installing clean drinking water Usage • Ensuring full wash loads preneurial ventures and the
• Use of drones to expedite kiosks to ensure safe drinking A drastic reduction in av- before running a washing market is growing at a fast
surveys and monitoring of water for preventing outbreak erage total supply per person machine pace leading to water sector
pipeline of waterborne diseases. While per day in last two decades has • Using water saving appli- becoming a priority sector for
• Use of smart metering to do the built awareness for clean not just been a phenomenon ances such as dishwashers global entrepreneurship.
water audits drinking water is great, it is in Bangalore, but has been and washing machines
• Implementing energy ef- also leading to wasteful water witnessed in multiple cities About the Contributor
ficiency programmes to usage especially because many across the world. The state of Conclusion SEE (Social Entrepreneurs
reduce incurred costs for people have started depending California in US for multiple Water is essential for life & Enterprises) is an Indian
pumping & treatment on Reverse Osmosis (RO) tech- years introduced a hose-pipe and it is important to address Institute of Technology, Kan-
• Use of telemetry and SCA- nology for treating their drink- ban when consumers were the issues related to water pur (IITK) alumni initiative,
DA to improve data collec- ing water. RO does ensure the not allowed to water the gar- supply and usage to ensure supported by the alumni as-
tion across the networks cleanest water output, how- dens. A similar situation was conservative and sustainable sociations of Indian Institute
• Use of Artificial intelligence ever, it also is a very wasteful witnessed in UK in the year future. The sector has multi- of Technology, Kharagpur,
to improve network treat- method of treating drinking 2017 where citizens were ad- ple challenges and immense Indian Institute of Manage-
ment and pumping process- water. For every 100 liters of vised against watering their scope for new innovations ment, Ahmedabad and Indi-
es, etc. water that are treated through lawns and washing their cars. and entrepreneurship. A an Institute of Management,
RO technology, up to 40 liters Cape Town is the first city that sound strategy is required to Bangalore. It aims to build
Demand Side are wasted as brine or rejected officially declared inability to address water issues and both awareness and activism in
Management Measures water that contains the impuri- provide water to the citizens supply-side management as the social sector by fostering
The networks across the ties of the raw water. due to water shortage. Citi- well as demand side manage- entrepreneurship, bringing
globe are evolving and adopt- There are a multitude of zens across the globe are con- ment is absolutely essential all the necessary resources to-
ing the innovation at a very innovations and technologies cerned about the shortage of for ensuring sustainability gether under one umbrella. Be
fast pace opening multiple that have emerged and can water hitting them and there of water resources. The util- it mentorship, or networking
opportunities for the entre- provide adequate water treat- is an increased awareness ities require innovation and with impact venture capitalist
preneurs. However, no mat- ment depending on the water about conservative use of wa- better support for decision or inspiring young generation
ter what the plan, the rate of source. The surface water can ter. Some of the measures that making in water sector and to come up with innovative
improvement of the networks be treated by disinfection, can be adopted by the citizens a large business potential ex- solutions to social challenges.
is slow and the projects have ozonation, carbon filtration
their own bottlenecks. In the or sand filtration among a
meantime, it is essential to few ways to ensure clean and Sanitary
Connections (0%)
implement some measures on safe drinking water. People
the customer’s side to ensure: can also depend on age old Non-revenue Industries,
• Improved quality of water disinfection methods such as water/unaccounted BIAL, &
consumption by the con- storing water in copper con- for water (49%) Others (1%)
sumers tainers where copper act as a
• Prudent usage of water to disinfectant to remove any ex- 4% Non
ensure long-term availabil- isting micro-organism in the Domestic (4%)
ity water. The groundwater can
5% Partial Non
The consumers themselves be treated using customized Total
42,223 Domestic (4%)
have become aware of the ion exchange technologies
looming water crisis and ensuring removal of contami-
many have started adopting nants. Many methods exist to
measures to be water-wise ensure clean and safe drink-
and safe. The two important ing water and the users need
questions that most of the to be prudent in their choice Domestic
common men have regarding of water treatment to en- (40%)
water are: sure safe and yet sustainable
•What is the safest and methods. RO should only be
cost-effective method to adopted in extreme situations
treat their drinking water? where the hardness levels “Total” in million litres
• How can the consumers be in raw water are beyond the
conservative about their wa- treatment capacity of any oth- Bengaluru’s Monthly Water Consumption (Bangalore Water Supply & Sewerage Board)

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 33

Solving India’s Water Security Puzzle
Realizing nature’s water cycle, its varied fates within the community and their
interdependency, all these different water forms carry peculiar significance towards
reaching a sustainable solution. This is an overview of various such topics aimed
towards India’s water security goals.
By Archis Ambulkar

Image Courtesy: Pixabay

INDIA’S POPULATION cial and political platforms. country’s ongoing transfor- growths are increasing pres- take societies one step clos-
GROWTH, urbanization and Considering future challeng- mations on existing domestic sures and possibly overload- er towards the sustainability
migrations from rural areas to es, the nation needs to find water and sanitary sewer in- ing the water infrastructures. goals.
cities accompanied by chang- realistic ways to resolve this frastructures should be eval- To manage these changes, Another key result of ur-
ing weather and precipitation crisis on a long-term basis. To uated. As one travels across avoid blockages, overflows or banization is the rise in the
patterns are impacting water achieve this, a comprehensive the country, many structural pipe bursts, a proper assess- impervious area and associat-
supply-demand dynamics in approach encompassing dif- changes can be observed in ment of water and sewer pipes ed stormwater runoffs. Con-
different parts of the country. ferent forms of water such as small towns and metropolitan will be required. Additionally, struction of newer buildings
Water security, conservation, freshwater, utility water, waste- cities. Urban areas are expand- associated structures such as and roadways are increasing
and management have be- water, rainwater, and ocean ing and experiencing signifi- conveyance mains, pump sta- impermeable areas within
come the priority issues at water is necessary. Realizing cant vertical growths. Indepen- tions, manholes and treatment the cities and towns. These
regional and national levels. nature’s water cycle, its varied dent houses or empty lots are plants will need to be reviewed newly developed areas tend
Governments, private insti- fates within the community getting converted into apart- as well. Timely upgrades are to reduce percolation of water
tutions, and environmental and their interdependency, all ment complexes, high-tower necessary to minimize losses, into ground during rain events
organizations have undertak- these different water forms buildings, business centers, leaks and deliver uninterrupt- thus generating excessive sur-
en several programs to meet carry peculiar significance to- and malls. These changes ed services to the communi- face runoffs. Such water can
these growing water needs. As wards reaching a sustainable are indeed affecting existing ties. Proper planning, design, create potential flooding in
such, water security is a grave solution. This article attempts drinking water, utility water, and execution of water and residential areas and pond-
concern today and solving this to overview various such top- and sewer systems. Utilities sewer infrastructure improve- ing of water. Additionally,
complex issues will require a ics aimed towards India’s wa- that were originally designed ment projects can smoothen rainwater runoffs also tend
thorough understanding of ter security goals. for individual customers are operations of these public to carry suspend solids, oils,
the problem as well as initia- As a first and foremost con- now required to serve multi- works utilities. Water reclama- and other pollutants as they
tives at technical, social, finan- sideration, the impact of the ple dwelling units. Such rapid tion, recycling, and reuse will get collected from roadways

34 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

and other ground surfaces in seepage, manhole overflows which is commonly observ- grades to existing infrastruc- use water wisely and ensure
contact. Thus, municipalities and other problems leading able these days. With stormwa- tures are a must. Grants, loans, proper discharge of wastewa-
shall study these evolving hy- to unhygienic situations. Lack ter system upgrades, newer op- and incentives for implement- ter to sanitary sewers. Rainwa-
draulic as well as pollution of proper separation between portunities will arise to utilize ing such projects can catalyze ter harvesting, water recycle
patterns and perform renova- storm and sanitary systems this easily available water form the water segregation and con- and reuse on small-scale levels
tions accordingly. Provision of not only reduces the chanc- for drinking or utility purpos- servation process. Construc- can go a long way towards re-
appropriate road slopes, water es for reusing rainwater, but es. Apart from domestic use, tion of new water infrastruc- alizing India’s water security
collection channels, catch ba- it further complicates health plenty of water could become tures as well as restoration of objectives. The task is big but
sins, solids capturing screens issues. Such observations are available for agriculture, food existing systems can bring not impossible. It will need
or filters and other techniques more evident in metropolitan production, and industries. about a major transformation sacrifice and contributions of
can help to drain urban areas and mid-size cities, especially Retaining water within res- in the water conservation are- current generation so that the
quickly as well as remove basic during major rain events once ervoirs is one aspect, however na. Since the scope and extent progeny can have a better life
pollutants from water before the monsoon arrives. Keep- keeping it reasonably clean is of this issue are vast, various and plenty of water to enjoy
it enters the collection pipes. ing weather unpredictability another. Many times, water- local, state and federal insti- their life. This practical scheme
This process will avoid flood- aside, the issue is not always bodies experience pollution tutions can approach these implemented with an integrat-
ing of residences and mini- about lack of water but it’s the and contamination issues re- problems in a phased manner. ed effort and right spirit can
mize environmental impact inability to capture it in the sulting in water quality degra- Multifaceted programs with bring about meaningful “water
to a greater extent. Areas sus- right form. Hence, to make dation. Thus, for maintaining significance workforce will be revolution” to accomplish In-
ceptible to high precipitation stormwater readily available water quality, pollution from required to achieve real-life dia’s water security objectives.
shall accommodate sufficient- and reduce burden on sani- point and non-point pollutant changes on the national plat-
ly sized conveyance pipes and tary systems, it is necessary to dischargers (such as indus-
rainwater drainage system. develop advanced rainwater tries, municipal treatment
Tree plantation along road- collection system and isolate plants, agriculture and so on)
sides and provisions for grass inappropriate connections shall be minimized. Also, al-
strips can alleviate some of the with sanitary sewers. Once ready polluted reservoirs shall
pollution issues. Plants have separated and isolated, rain- be cleaned up via sediment
the tendency to retain water, water can then be diverted to dredging, conditioning, treat-
hold soil as well as uptake nu- replenish desired waterbodies ment, abandoning of direct
trients (such as nitrogen and for its sustainable use. Realiz- sewer discharges and other
phosphorus) and filter out oth- ing complex nature of existing relevant techniques to regain
er contaminants thus assisting underground sewers, costs for the water quality. With the
with pollution reduction. Veg- complete sewer separations right approach, changes could
etation also adds to aesthetics can be substantial and imprac- soon become visible in smaller
and cleaning air quality. tical in many cases. This prob- creeks, rivers, and lakes. This
Further to the above men- lem needs to be approached process may take longer time
tioned infrastructure up- on case by case basis to find a for major rivers and lakes in
grades, India’s new look is des- reasonable way out. India.
perately demanding rainwater After solving stormwater Oceans and seas are another
conservation and harvesting collection problems, the next comparatively less explored or
for developing sustainable step becomes properly con- utilized surface water sources
water supplies. Majority of veying this water to reservoirs. for public use and consump-
India relies on the rainy sea- Societies rely on the surface tion. This vast reservoir is get-
son for its freshwater supplies. water and groundwater re- ting more and more attention
Precipitation helps to fill sur- sources for their day-to-day as the freshwater bodies on
face water bodies as well as water needs. This dependen- land are drying up or becom-
replenish groundwater levels. cy is more in dry regions and ing less available. Such alter-
However, many cities fail to areas that receive limited pre- natives are more relevant for
capture this water source to cipitation. Majority of cities in coastal areas than the interior
its full potential due to lack of the country have river, lake or cities. While the focus is on
dedicated rainwater collection some other form of a reservoir rainwater collection, ocean form. About the Author
systems. On the other hand, that serves community’s water water can solve a sizable por- Finally, irrespective of tech- Archis Ambulkar is a glob-
in many cases underground needs. Pipes, canals or culverts tion of water security issue if it nical, administrative and fi- ally-renowned environmental
systems have inappropriate can be constructed to carry can be converted to freshwater nancial initiatives this dream expert with significant contri-
connections between sewers rainwater runoffs to these ex- economically. Desalination cannot be fully realized with- butions towards the water and
and stormwater drains. Due isting waterways. Sufficient and other emerging technol- out public support. Public wastewater fields. His work
to poor conditions of sanitary storage of water in the water ogies for conversion of saline awareness and participation has entered prestigious Bri-
sewers and inflow or infiltra- reservoirs can ensure ample water into the more usable are necessary towards such tannica Encyclopedia and Ox-
tion issues, precipitated water supplies throughout the year. freshwater form are making an endeavor. No doubt, envi- ford Research Encyclopedia.
enters sanitary sewers, gets Such a provision will be more waves in the water industry ronmental awareness in India Mr. Ambulkar is the author of
polluted and becomes inacces- forgiving and could accom- and can potentially change the has grown in recent times. By book Guidance for Profession-
sible for direct use without sig- modate an extended period of future of India. understanding the gravity of al Development in Drinking
nificant treatment. Such large natural droughts or dry runs. Governments and institu- crisis and importance of wa- Water and Wastewater Indus-
volumes of runoffs also tends Proper management of natu- tions will play a vital role in ter conservation, people can try by International Water
to overload existing sanitary rally available water can avoid making all these changes pos- take actions to keep reservoirs Association Publishing, UK.
sewers and downstream waste- drying up of rivers, lakes and sible. To tackle water security clean, minimize pollution He has served as an expert on
water treatment plants causing lowering of groundwater table issues on a broader scale, up- from anthropogenic activities, many international platforms.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 35

Use of MBR Modules in Wastewater Treatment Plants
Two case studies on the MBR modules used in wastewater treatment plants at a
hospital in Germany, and at a tuna cannery in Mexico.
By Microdyn-Nadir

substances. In addition, the
Qd, Average 200 m3/d
micropollutants are being ab-
sorbed by pulverized activated Qh, Max 25 m3/h
carbon, which is then removed COD 1900 mg/L (85%il)
from the water including these
trace substances. Average Flux 10 LMH
The chemical and pharma- Peak Flux 28 LMH
ceutical industry is facing a Table 1: Design Data of MBR Plant
multitude of economic and
environmental challenges. Case II: BIO-CEL®-MCP (TP) as well as higher organics
Not only is it detrimental for MBR - Tuna Wastewater (COD/BOD) concentrations.
a chemical plant’s continuous Treatment Plant
existence in today’s global Objective Materials & Methods
Case I: BIO-CEL® MBR creek currently still serves as environment to become more Located in Mazatlán, Mex- Ten MICRODYN BIO-CEL®
Modules - Part of a an open sewage water drain and more cost-effective, but ico, a tuna cannery needed 400 membrane modules were
Comprehensive Solution outlet but is targeted to be the environmental regulations to update their wastewater installed at the plant. Unit op-
to Eliminate Micro renatured and operated efflu- erations for the WWTP are as
Pollutants ent-free in the course of the follows:
In July 2011, the wastewa- conversion. Amongst others, o Dissolved Air Flotation
ter plant at Marienhospital it will also absorb the purified (DAF) treatment
in Gelsenkirchen, Germany water from the new clarifica- o Equalization tank
was put into operation. It is tion plant. This new waste- o 1 mm Rotating mechanical
the first European wastewater water treatment plant encom- screen
treatment plant that focuses passes, besides a mechanical o 1 Anoxic basin
on the elimination of microp- and biological clarification, a o 1 Aeration basin (2 dis-
ollutants as well as the purifi- variety of treatment processes, solved oxygen zones)
cation of the wastewater from such as an ultrafiltration with o 2 Filtration basins
the hospital. The plant was submerged modules (MBR o Tertiary treatment
built in line of an EU-project technology), an ozonization
called PILLS (Pharmaceutical as well as an activated carbon The Results
Input and Elimination from filtration. In operation since 2012,
Local Sources) under the aegis For the ultrafiltration, three the plant continues to deliver
of the Emschergenossenschaft. submerged BC400 modules excellent results in regard to
The project´s goal is to elim- by MICRODYN-NADIR have effluent quality and flow (Ta-
inate micropollutants from the been installed. In total these ble 2). All permit requirements
sewage water on site, which modules have a membrane are being met, virtually all
especially incur in hospitals as area of 1,200 m2 through solids are being removed and
residues from pharmaceuticals which the biologically purified are also becoming increasing- treatment plant (WWTP) to the MBR effluent has an SDI <
and radio-opaque substances. sewage water is being removed ly stringent. Hence, the MBR comply with new regulations. 3 which allows for further ter-
About 75,000 patients are from the aeration tank. The ul- technology with its high-qual- MICRODYN BIO-CEL®-MCP tiary treatment to treat color
being treated by approxi- trafiltration permeate, which ity effluent proves to be a good MBR process was chosen for and odor by reverse osmosis,
mately 1,200 staff members is now free of particles and fit for the wastewater plants its small footprint and low ozone, and carbon filters.
at the Marienhospital per year. bacteria, will afterward be led in the chemical industry. The chemical costs. Needing to The MICRODYN BIO-
Thereby effluents amounting to an ozonization and an acti- MBR reference at the Marien- treat 1150 m3/day (304,000 CEL®-MCP MBR process
up to 200 m3/d incur. Until vated carbon filtration. Ozone, hospital in Gelsenkirchen, GPD) of wastewater from tuna allows the company to limit
now, these effluents have been a strong oxidizer, provokes the Germany is a good example processing, this waste stream their maintenance cleanings
discharged into the nearby cleavage of the micropollut- of a wastewater plant that is has exceptionally high total ni- (MC) quarterly and extended
river “Schwarzbach” via the ants in solution and converts using MBR because of high trogen (TN), total phosphorus maintenance cleanings (EMC)
municipal canalization. This them into non-hazardous effluent quality requirements.
Overall Number of Installed Modules 3
Total Membrane Area 1.200 m2
Date of Commissioning April 2011
Table 2: Plant Design with BIO-CEL®-MBR System

36 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

(From Left to Right: Raw Influent, DAF Effluent, MBR Permeate and Tertiary Effluent)

annually. Parameter Value Parameter Value
About 35% of the tertiary
treated water (400 m3/day or Commissioning May 2012 Cost Savings of Tertiary Treated Water USD 0.53 / m3
106,000 GPD) is reused for the Number of BIO-CEL ®
400 10 vs. Municipal Water
following applications at the Modules Volume of Water Reused Daily 400 m3
plant: Mixed Liquor Suspended Sol- 9-12 g/L
o Cooling towers Daily Water Savings USD 212
ids (MLSS)
o Washing docks/boats Monthly Water Savings USD 6,360
o Bathrooms Solids Retention Time (SRT) 21 Days
Annual Water Savings USD 76,300
o Cleaning the WWTP Average Flux 13.9 LMH (8.2 GFD)
o Preparing chemicals for the Table 3: Cost Savings of Reusing Tertiary Treated Water Versus Using
WWTP Average Transmembrane Pres- 70 mbar (1.01 psi) Municipal Water
sure (TMP)
Conclusion pH 7.2 headquartered in Wiesbaden, treatment business unit of
Utilizing the MICRODYN Germany, and is the water MANN+HUMMEL Group.
Temperature 35°C (95°F)
BIO-CEL®-MCP MBR process
allowed the tuna plant to dra- Table 1: Plant BIO-CEL® MBR Operational Parameters
matically reduce BOD, COD,
TN, TP, and TSS concentra- treatment plant. The MCP al- osmosis, nanofiltration, ultra-
tions in their wastewater and lowed the plant to reduce their filtration, and microfiltration
feed a tertiary treatment sys- annual chemical usage for sys- membranes.
tem. After tertiary treatment, tem cleaning. For over 50 years, MICRO-
about 35% of the wastewater About the Contributor DYN-NADIR has been apply-
was reused in other parts of With locations in Germany, ing its products in various
the plant and has saved them North America, Asia, and Bra- industrial and municipal ap-
USD 76,300 annually in water zil, Microdyn-Nadir is a lead- plications for water and waste-
costs. This system allowed the ing supplier of customized water treatment as well as in
plant to meet their environ- spiral membrane elements, many process applications in
mental permit requirements MBR modules, and hollow-fi- the food, dairy and beverage
while utilizing less space ber, capillary and tubular markets and in the chemical
compared to a Conventional membrane modules. Its prod- industry.
Activated Sludge (CAS) waste uct portfolio includes reverse MICRODYN-NADIR is THE PROJECT GOAL Membranes
Enhance the company’s 10 MICRODYN BIO-CEL®
Sampling BOD (ppm) COD (ppm) TN (ppm) TP (ppm) TSS (ppm) WWTP to comply with reg- 400 Modules
Raw Influent 5790 12310 785 243 2580 ulations and reuse water at MBR Pollutant Removal
the plant. o BOD: 98.8%
DFA Effluent 2100 3235 472 25 87 o COD: 95.5%
MBR Effluent 25 147 15 5 2 Feed o TN: 96.8%
Tuna processing wastewa- o TP: 80.0%
Tertiary Effluent 0 0 1 0 0 ter o TSS: 97.7%
Table 2: Water Quality from Different Unit Operations at the WWTP

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 37

Advanced Water Desalination Technology at
Akshaya Patra Kitchen
B&P Aqua Systems has successfully supplied and commissioned a new high-
efficiency Reverse Osmosis based technology from the USA to Akshaya Patra’s one
of a kind mega kitchen in Kandi, Telangana, which provides meals to more than one
lakh school children on every school day.
By Kiran Kumar

“Desalitech’s ReFlex RO (CCRO) technology for in-
system at the kitchen fea- creasing rate of water recov-
tured a patented Closed ery from groundwater and
Circuit Reverse Osmosis minimizing brine waste.”

draws nearly half the well wa- way of operating crossflow re-
ter making it more sustainable, verse osmosis membranes in
making better use of well wa- a highly efficient and flexible
ter supplies and saving ener- simple filtration device. Like
gy. In addition, the Desalitech any simple filtration device,
system is less susceptible to the CCRO system features
fouling and scaling by design equal feed and permeate flow
having the flexibility to auto- rates during normal operation
matically adapt to variations mode. At a software-based set
in well water quality, making point, the system automatical-
it easier to maintain and more ly flushes out all the concen-
reliable than the traditional trate and then returns to its
RO system. normal operation mode. The
The CCRO system is built flush is triggered by the CCRO
CCRO System with Control Panel
with single stage short mem- operating software, based
brane array which allows for on any combination of flow,
The Challenge The efficient use of water was kitchen. The CCRO system optimal flux distribution, a concentration, pressure and
The Infosys Foundation, a a key requirement for this available exclusively from De- higher and more precisely con- additional set points. During
not-for-profit initiative of IT large kitchen considering the salitech has a capacity of 8,000 trolled cross flow, and concen- the concentrate flush step, the
major Infosys Limited head- finite amount of water avail- Litres per hour at a recovery tration variations that disrupt system continues to be fed and
quartered in Bangalore, was able in the site borewells and rate of 90%. Compared to a both scaling and organic foul- to generate permeate, while
looking for an efficient Re- potential future depletion of traditional system, the more ing growth in the system. The concentrate is pushed out of
verse Osmosis (RO) based groundwater levels. So, B&P efficient Desalitech system CCRO system is an elegant the system in one sweep.
water treatment technology to Aqua Systems was contacted
produce clean water used in a to use an advanced technology
large, high-tech mega kitchen to purify borewell water at the
in Kandi, Telangana. The one- site that offered maximum ef-
of-a-kind mega kitchen run by ficiency and could make every
the Akshaya Patra Foundation drop count as well as assure
is a not-for-profit organization the future sustainability of
headquartered in Bengaluru, this critical water source. The
India, and provides meals to clean water requirement for
more than 100,000 children the mega kitchen was more
on each school day. The entire than 20 million liters per year
construction cost of the Kandi and an expected RO recovery
kitchen of Akshaya Patra was was 90%.
funded by Infosys Foundation.
Conventional RO systems The Solution
traditionally used in the coun- B&P Aqua Systems supplied
try for similar applications and commissioned a Desali-
deliver recovery rates as low tech ReFlex™ system featur-
as 50% - meaning only half of ing patented Closed Circuit
the water processed is useable Reverse Osmosis™ (CCRO)
and the other half is wasted. technology to Akshaya Patra’s CCRO Skid Side View-1

38 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

prox. over 33 million liters
compared to traditional RO
plants - the equivalent of wa-
ter required for approx. 800
people or 200 to 300 fami-
lies every day.
• Potential to increase RO re-
covery rate even up to 95%
for greater sustainability.
• Minimized scaling and
fouling of RO membranes
increasing reliability and re-
ducing maintenance.
• The plant incorporates en-

PLC and HMI Control Panel
ergy-saving design and uses
CCRO Pre-Filtration Units
low-energy RO elements for di demonstrates how water pal clients. Kiran is Mechanical
operation. shortage challenges can be Engineer and holds a Master’s
The Results features of CCRO at Kandi site • Easy-to-use with automatic effectively overcome by us- degree in Business Adminis-
The CCRO Desalitech sys- are here below: RO operation, and capability ing cutting-edge technologies tration from the University of
tem requires less or no biocide, • About 2 lakh liters per day to treat higher than design and strategic implementation Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA.
less frequent CIP (Cleanings- design capacity RO plant feed water TDS (Total Dis- which resulted in multiple After relocating from USA to
In-Place), and less antiscalant. uses the latest CCRO tech- solved Solids). benefits including less energy, India in 2012, Kiran along
This saves client costs in the nology from the USA for • Remote monitoring and sup- reduced raw water consump- with a team from B&P Aqua
form of capital and labor ex- drinking water treatment, a port for maximum uptime
and pre-emptive mainte-

Against the backdrop of
mounting water stress driven
by the need to address critical
water needs by agriculture, This Innovative CCRO Technology Features a Step Change in Reliabil-
growing urban population and ity, Flexibility and Efficiency Over Traditional Reverse Osmosis. The
industries, it is critical for In- Diagram Illustrates the CCRO.
dia to adopt progressive treat-
ment strategies as a measure tion and lower wastewater Systems based out of Banga-
to enhance the sustainability generation, and above all the lore initiated to address clean
of operations and reduce water key need of the hour is Water drinking water scarcity in
shortage risks. The CCRO tech- Security and Sustainable Wa- schools and other public plac-
nology, a new development in ter Future. es in Karnataka especially in
CCRO Vessels & Chemical Feeds Bangalore and surrounding
“A severe water crisis will face a severe water areas.
penses. The new RO system first time to India. looms ahead for India un- crisis within the next two B&P Aqua is presently
also helps the plant to achieve • Higher than 90% recovery less the country changes decades and will have nei- working with the help of a lo-
its sustainability goals of Ak- rate versus conventional RO the way it manages water - ther the cash to build new cal NGO to provide drinking
shaya Patra and Infosys Foun- reducing well water draw by and changes it soon. India infrastructure nor the wa- water to six rural schools in
dation by reducing water and nearly half. faces a turbulent water fu- ter needed by its growing Kolar district of Karnataka.
carbon footprints. Few salient • Annual water savings is ap- ture. Unless water manage- economy and rising popula- Once commissioned, these
ment practices are changed tion” (As per a World Bank systems would provide clean
- and changed soon - India report). water to nearly a thousand
the water industry, has been a
solution to reduce water foot- About the Author
print, and so to save a signifi- Kiran Kumar has over thir-
cant amount of water. ty years of experience in the
The CCRO technology could global water and wastewater
be explored to different areas treatment industry serving cli-
of water and wastewater appli- ents in the Municipal, Power,
cations and in different com- Chemical Process, Electron-
mercial and industrial sectors ic, and Oil & Gas Industrial
in the country to conserve wa- sectors. Kiran has worked for
ter and for a cleaner environ- different water industry com-
ment by recycling and reuse panies in India and abroad,
of water. which includes nearly 18 years
This above example of Ak- in the USA catering to various
CCRO Skid Side View-2 shaya Patra Kitchen at Kan- global Industrial and Munici-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 39

Novel Technology for Concentration of Brine Using
Membrane-Based System
Presenting an innovative and novel approach towards brine concentration,
developed by UK-based Modern Water plc out of their pioneering work on forward-
osmosis and osmotically-driven membrane processes, with its first full-scale
prototype successfully built and operated in India.
By Soham Mehta and Peter Nicoll

WASTE BRINE, WHETHER motically-driven membrane
from a process, or from an processes, with its first full-
RO-based recycling or desali- scale prototype successfully
nation, is a major disposal built and operated in India.
concern that often necessi- While ‘brine’ is any water
tates expensive thermal treat- that is salty in a given context,
ment leading to Zero Liquid the water industry usually
Discharge (ZLD). Traditional refers to it as the reject water
Seawater Reverse Osmosis sys- from seawater RO membranes
tems are generally employed or regeneration liquid from
to concentrate brines to about ion-exchange systems, which
7-9% NaCl equivalent, limited cannot be subjected to further
by hydraulic pressure that the concentration in traditional
membranes can withstand. membrane systems. There is
More recently, some Plate & no such generalization of the
Frame and Disc-type RO con- word ‘brine’ in the wastewater
figurations which can with- industry and it covers the en-
stand much higher pressures tire spectrum of salinity from
than traditional spiral-wound cooling tower blow-downs to
Seawater RO membranes have saturated solutions from pro-
been developed, but challeng- duction processes in the chem-
es remain in overall system ical industries. What is com-
design and sourcing of sys- mon though to both water and
tem components at those high wastewaters is that the effluent
operating pressures, limiting disposal standards do not per-
their applications. This article mit any waters higher than
presents an innovative and 2100 mg/L of Total Dissolved
novel approach towards brine Solids (TDS) to be discharged
concentration, developed by into surface waters or the land.
UK-based Modern Water plc Higher TDS levels are permit-
out of their pioneering work ted for marine discharges, but
on Forward-Osmosis and os- by providing outfalls deep into

Semipermeable membrane


Feed Feed Draw
(Salty (Salty Solution
Water water) water)

Reverse Osmosis (RO) Forward Osmosis (FO)
(a) (b)
Figure 1: Prototype Plant in Ahmedabad Figure 2: RO & FO Concept

40 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

soluble salts and silica is kept mosis - Reverse Osmosis based
below the saturation levels, the seawater desalination technol-
film formation is disturbed by ogy invented and patented by
scaling of the tubes and the Modern Water, a process that
evaporation capacity drops has been in commercial oper-
significantly. Concentrated ation since 2009 at multiple
brines are corrosive and hence sites, in the Mediterranean
most often, titanium (Ti) tubes and in Oman. Forward Osmo-
and Ti bonded tube-sheets sis, or simply Osmosis, is na-
are used in the calandria and ture’s way of attaining osmotic
pre-heaters. However, other equilibrium when two fluids
system components such as of different osmotic pressure,
piping, valves, and recircula- or different concentrations
tion pumps are often not sup- of dissolved constituents, are
plied in corrosion resistant separated using a semi-per-
exotic metal alloys due to high meable membrane. Osmosis
cost and hence users end up is a natural phenomenon first
with reoccurring maintenance scientifically recorded by the
Figure 3: Forward Osmosis Process
and replacements. In effect, French scientist and clergy-
the sea with properly designed membranes. The effort always orators to distill out the water the Thermal Brine Concentra- man Albert Nollet in 1748,
diffusers to dilute the concen- is to maximize the recovery from the concentrated brine, tors require a significant quan- while Reverse Osmosis was in-
trated brine multiple times through the RO process in or- thereby yielding wet salt that tity of thermal energy and are vented in the 1950s as a meth-
so as not to adversely affect der to reduce the quantity of is then disposed to a secured often a nightmare to operate od of desalination.
the marine biota around the waste brine reaching the sig- landfill. Thermal Evapora- continuously and reliably. Forward Osmosis, on the
disposal point. In either case, nificantly expensive thermal tors are often staged as a first Since the operating costs of other hand, has only seen com-
disposal of brine is a serious treatment step. With proper stage Brine Concentrator and Thermal Brine Concentrators mercial applications in the last
environmental issue, attract- pre-treatment and intermedi- second stage Crystalliser - the are many-fold as compared to decade and is characterized
ing more and more focus from ate treatments for removal of former using a more econom- RO-based brine concentration, by employing a specific draw
authorities, courts, and people sparingly soluble salts, heavy ical falling film configuration a lot of effort has been done solution or osmotic agent to
at large. metals and organics, the tradi- to concentrate the brine up to to find solutions to reduce extract water from the feed.
When brine disposal is tional seawater RO membranes saturation level while the lat- the costs. From solar pans to Desalination using Forward
not permitted or restricted, are often used to concentrate ter adopting a scaling-resistant salinity gradient solar ponds, Osmosis employs a Reverse
its treatment starts with the the wastewater brines to about forced circulation regime to solar stills to psychometric Osmosis step to concentrate
concentration of the brine, 50-70,000 mg/l (5-7%) NaCl precipitate out the dissolved evaporators, or Membrane back the draw solution or os-
followed by the separation of equivalent concentration, salts from super-saturated Distillation to Capacitive De- motic agent to the required
the salts by thermal process- though theoretical possibility brine. ionisation, much effort has strength.
es. The simplest and most being somewhat higher at 9%. The Falling-film Brine Con- been expended to concentrate Modern Water has over 100
cost-effective method of brine Since the concentrated brine centrator Evaporator, whether the brine from the RO step, patents in the field of Forward
concentration is to ‘desalinate’ cannot be discharged as per using a thermo-compressor or but with limited success that Osmosis and osmotically driv-
the brine solution using Re- Government of India environ- MVC, works on the principle has not proved to be tech- en membrane processes. This
verse Osmosis, after essential mental laws, industries rely on of formation of a thin liquid no-economically viable and expertise, from both a practical
pre-treatment to take care of thermal treatments like Multi- film in the inside surface of dependable for commercial and technical perspective, has
sparingly soluble salts that can ple Effect Thermo-Compressor the heat transfer tube of the usage. Recently, high-pressure allowed the development of a
scale the membranes or partic- Evaporators or Mechanical Va- calandria. In practice, unless Plate & Frame and Disc-type new patented process, utiliz-
ulate matter that can foul the pour Compressor (MVC) Evap- the concentration of sparingly RO modules which can handle ing osmotic principles, specifi-
very high pressures have been cally aimed at brine concentra-
developed, that can be used as tion. The RO process in Figure
an additional stage to concen- 4 is replaced with this novel
trate the brine. However, get- process or indeed can be de-
ting suitable components for ployed on its own, depending
the system as a whole, such as on the nature of the brine to
high-pressure pumps, valves, be concentrated. The process
piping, and instruments are uses only electrical energy and
still a challenge, as are the does not require any thermal
capital and operating costs. energy or vapor compression.
The impasse now gets broken The operating pressures are
with a successfully tested full- similar to that of seawater de-
scale prototype of an all-new salination RO systems, and so
non-thermal membrane-based are all appurtenances such as
brine concentration technol- valves and instrumentation.
ogy, developed by UK-based The pre-treatment require-
Modern Water plc and built by ments for membrane-based
Advent Envirocare in India. brine concentration are similar
The membrane-based brine to that of an RO system, taking
concentration technology has care of impurities that can
Figure 4: FO-RO Desalination Process evolved out of the Forward Os- scale or foul the membranes.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 41

breakthrough in brine con-
centration technology that can
help reduce the brine volumes
and significantly cut down the
operating cost of ZLD plants. It
is a non-thermal system using
just electrical energy and con-
sumes a fraction of energy as
compared to thermal systems.
It feels and operates like stan-
dard RO systems and does not
call for expert operations. The
Membrane Brine Concentrator
is not merely a concept in theo-
ry, but has been tested success-
fully with full-size membranes
and has been deployed in real
life situations for elaborate pi-
lot studies, with proven ability
to concentrate the brines up
to 16% concentration. It can
even be deployed at seawater
desalination facilities to pro-
duce more water from the re-
Figure 5: Dye Wastewater Feed, Concentrate and Permeate
ject brine, or for treating min-
ing effluents and FGD system
Chemical dosing and mem- brine TDS of 12.65%, all as ly sodium sulfate, with a target steam cost is 20% of the pow- bleeds. The Membrane Brine
brane cleaning systems are predicted by the mathemati- concentration of concentrated er cost, this translates to 78-90 Concentrator exemplifies the
also similar. Hence this novel cal modelling of the process. brine as 16%. Later, the pilot kWh per m3 of water evapora- “Make in India” enthusiasm
process has similarities with Subsequent to the successful plant will be shipped to a Cen- tion or 8-11 times more than that the country has embraced,
conventional membrane plant, proof-test, the system was tral Effluent Treatment Plant the membrane-based brine and addresses the dire need
is simple to operate and main- shipped to a major dyestuff for trials on water recovery concentrator. for a cost-effective solution to
tain without any additional manufacturer for a pilot test on from a brine having 3-4% TDS. Another interesting applica- the challenging brine concen-
operating expertise. brine generated from a dye-de- The membrane-based brine tion of the membrane-based tration need of industries.
The first prototype of the salting Nanofiltration system. concentrator consumes a frac- brine concentrator is in sea-
membrane-based brine con- The trials were successful with tion of the energy consumed water desalination projects. It About the Authors
centrator was built in India a feed TDS of 4-5% being con- by a thermal brine concentrator can produce more water from Soham Mehta and Peter
and tested successfully in late centrated to 13.5%, thereby or MVC Evaporator. The typical the reject brine that is being Nicoll represent Modern Wa-
2016/ early 2017 at Ahmed- yielding 67% average recovery. specific power consumption of thrown back to the sea. This ter plc. Peter Nicoll leads the
abad, (Figure 1). The contain- Figure 5 shows the feed, brine 7-11 kWh/m3 permeate with can help facilities expand their multi-disciplined technical
erized system is designed to and permeate samples from the use of energy recovery de- production of water without team at Modern Water plc,
having to invest in expanding where he has been instrumen-
Concentra- Feed Water Concentra- Product Indicative intake structures and head- tal in the development, design
tor Type TDS (mg/l Max Brine tion Factor Water TDS Energy works. In applications where and successful deployment
as NaCl) TDS (mg/l (mg/l as Consumption salt production is integral to of Modern Water’s Forward
as NaCl) NaCl) kWh per m3 of seawater desalination, the Osmosis (FO) based technol-
Product Water membrane-based brine con- ogies. He is the inventor of
Type 1 (2 stage) 70,000 128,000 1.83 250 10.5 centrator is a perfect fit in pro- a number of FO and related
ducing more water from an ex- processes. A graduate of the
Type 1 (3 stage) 70,000 165,000 2.36 350 14.7 isting facility while generating University of Glasgow, he is
Type 2 (2 stage) 70,000 128,000 1.83 250 6.8 a highly concentrated brine a Chartered Engineer and a
of 16%, or even higher with Fellow of the Institution of
Type 2 (3 stage) 70,000 165,000 2.36 350 11.3
specially designed additional Mechanical Engineers. His
Type 2 are systems incorporating energy recovery systems stages of treatment. The mem- previous experience includes
Table 1: Membrane Brine Concentrator Performance brane-based brine concen- Director of Business Develop-
trator also finds application ment for Fichtner Consulting
handle a large range of feed the plant during the large-scale vices at 7% feed, depending in handling mining industry Engineers Ltd where he was
TDS, from 3% to 9% NaCl pilot testing. upon the degree of concentra- wastewaters and scrubbing responsible for leading the
equivalent. At the lowest feed The full-scale plant to han- tion desired. For feeds with TDS liquid in Flue Gas Desulphur- business development and
concentration of 3%, it can dle 14 m3/h brine having 4-5% lower than 7%, the power con- ization (FGD) plants, with the sales functions. He has exten-
handle as much as 75 m3/d TDS is under installation and sumption would still be less. first plant of its type currently sive broad expertise in all the
of brine. The proof-of-concept slated to be commissioned in Compared to this, a triple-effect be constructed for a power sta- major desalination process-
trials were conducted with February 2018. In the mean- falling film evaporator would tion in China. es, having held a number of
a synthetic feed of 7% NaCl while, pilot trials are ongoing consume roughly 300-350 kg To summarize, the Mem- senior roles, both technically
and achieved 46% recovery for an agrochemical waste of steam and 18-20 kWh per m3 brane-based Brine Concentra- and commercially, at Weir
resulting in a concentrated brine having 6-7% TDS, main- of water evaporation. When the tor is a major technological Westgarth.

42 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Tailored Water
By Robert C. Brears

ity demand as waste heat can es of each customer. In 2017 the price decreasing with qual-
come from various sources in- alone, the utility provided 96.9 ity. The classes are Class A+
cluding power plants, refinery million cubic meters of indus- recycled water, which is very
plants, and waste incineration trial water and 158.7 million highly treated recycled water
plants, etc. cubic meters of drinking wa- and is usually only required
ter through more than 14,000 for industrial process water or
Tailored Industrial kilometers of the pipeline net- for the irrigation of minimally
Water in Flanders work. Evides Industriewater processed food crops), Class A
In Flanders, De Watergroep focuses on providing process and B recycled water, which
provides tailored industrial water to the chemical indus- is recycled water that requires
water for industry and service try, petrochemicals, and food additional treatment process-
business customers. The water industry with an overall em- es above the normal sewage
utility’s “Industry and Services phasis on tailoring water to the treatment processes that are
Business Unit” charts the com- needs of customers. The utility sufficient to allow effluent to
pany’s internal water streams, delivers different process wa- be discharged into the envi-
analyses sources of available ter based on a Design, Build, ronment, and Class C recycled
water, including groundwa- Finance, and Operate con- water, which is the lowest qual-
ter, surface water as well as tract, which involves Evides ity of recycled water supplied
wastewater or reusable process Industriewater, on behalf of by the utility.
water, and seeks ways of op- its customers, purifying water
timizing water consumption. and reusing water. Some of the Malta’s New Water
WATER IS A KEY component crease its water use by 400%. The quality of water supplied main industrial water prod- Malta’s Water Services Com-
of local and national econo- depends on the customer’s ucts Evides Industriewater of- mission has established the
mies with the resource often a Meeting Rising Demand requirements, for example, fers to customers includes ag- New Water program, which
key input in a variety of indus- with Nonconventional whether they require cooling ricultural and irrigation water, involves treated wastewater
trial value chains. As industri- Supply water or demineralized water cooling water, industrial water, going through ultrafiltration
al demand for water increases To ensure industry has ac- etc. The Business Unit usually and demineralized water. De- to remove bacteria, reverse
the sector needs to increase its cess to adequate supplies of carries out its industrial water mand has now resulted in Ev- osmosis to remove chemicals,
water productivity. A failure to good quality water and main- projects according to the con- ides Industriewater providing and advanced oxidation to
do so could lead to the loss or tains productivity, utilities cept of Design, Build, Finance solutions to 75 installations, remove remaining pollutants.
disappearance of jobs. have been researching and and Operate (DBFO) contracts. including 12 DBFO plants as Each year the program produc-
developing ‘non-conventional’ The Business Unit has also de- well as mobile installations in es 7 million m3 of high-quali-
Majority of Jobs sources for large-scale custom- veloped a mobile pilot installa- the Benelux and Germany. ty water suitable for safe crop
Dependent on Water ers. Examples of which are as tion and drilling team unit for irrigation. This will potentially
It is estimated that more follows. business customers to see how Fit for Purpose meet up to 35% of the current
than 1.4 billion jobs, or 42% of the utility can match desired Recycled Water total demand of the agricul-
the world’s total active work- Research on Industrial water quality with available Queensland Urban Utilities tural sector. In addition, the
force, are heavily water-depen- Wastewater Reuse water resources. The pilot sys- supports the sustainable use high-quality water can be used
dent while another 1.2 billion Singapore’s Public Utilities tem uses various techniques of recycled water across its for landscaping and industry,
jobs or 36% of the world’s total Board (PUB) has been con- including ultrafiltration and service territory with numer- ensuring New Water is fully
active workforce are moderate- ducting research on recycling reverse-osmosis on a small- ous environmental benefits utilized during periods of low
ly water dependent. In total, and reuse of industrial waste- scale, enabling customers to including conservation of wa- demand by the agricultural
78% of jobs in the global work- water. Industrial wastewater make decisions on invest- ter resources, reduced nutrient sector. Currently, New Water
force is dependent on water. is a by-product of manufac- ments and the techniques to loads being released into wa- is available through hydrants,
turing processes at industrial be used. terways, improved quality of which are accessed by elec-
Water-Dependent or commercial premises. With public assets e.g. sporting field tronic cards. As of 2018, seven
Industries suitable treatment, industrial Customized Process surfaces, and support of agri- hydrants are available in the
Half of the global workforce wastewater can be recycled Water in the Netherlands culture where environmental North region of Malta. Moving
is employed in eight water and and reused as the boiler or Evides, a water utility that sources of water are insuffi- forward, the program is de-
natural resource-dependent cooling tower feed water in provides drinking water to 2.5 cient. A key aspect of the util- veloping three additional net-
industries including agricul- addition to irrigation and toi- million consumers and busi- ity’s recycled water program works to increase the number
ture, forestry, fisheries, ener- let flushing. PUB has also been nesses in three Dutch provinc- is that recycled water must be of hydrants available for water
gy, manufacturing, recycling, conducting research on Low- es of Zeeland, the south-west- fit for purpose. Specifically, users.
building, and transport. Cur- Temperature Thermal Desali- ern part of Zuid-Holland, Queensland Urban Utilities Robert Brears is the au-
rently, industry and manufac- nation (LTTD), a desalination and the south-western part of provides various qualities, thor of Urban Water Security,
turing account for around 4% process that utilizes low-grade Noord-Brabant, offers indus- or classes, of recycled water Founder of Mitidaption, and
of global water withdrawals. industrial waste heat to pro- trial water, or ‘process water’ treated to meet the custom- Our Future Water.”
By 2050, it is projected that duce high-quality freshwater. that is customized for specific ers’ requirements from each
manufacturing alone could in- This requires minimal electric- requirements and preferenc- recycled water schemes, with @Mitidaption

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 43

When Communities Lead the Way
A community in a remote village in eastern India comes together to break free from
the struggles of access to clean water. The intervention changes their lives in more
ways than they had ever imagined.
By Ishita Rampal

Photo Courtesy WaterAid/ Prashanth Vishwanathan)

AS YOU TRAVEL further ex- dependent on the pretext of our family,” shared twenty- scheme. With a submersible water point every day are long-
ploring the interiors of Gaya if they manage to get work, year-old Mamta Devi. boring and a water storage gone practices for Zindapur
district in Bihar, amidst acres thereby trapping them in a vi- A community struggling tank, water is made available village.
of agriculture land lies a small cious circle of poverty. with poverty, basic facilities to the community members. A In contrast, the situation
village called Zindapur. Home “The wages we earn on a dai- like clean water and decent person-in-charge from within was not the same until a year
to 56 families, a majority of the ly basis are not sufficient and toilets were undoubtedly not the community is responsible ago. “I cannot even count the
community members are dai- also vary for men and women. available in every household to switch the water motor on number of times I went to the
ly wage laborers, who either While my husband gets an nor were a priority. thrice a day. Long queues at nearby water point or even the
work at the nearby brick facto- amount of money for his work, However, today each house- the water point, arguments, number of buckets I filled in
ry or at the farmlands owned women like me are given rice hold in the community has and fights with each other to a day. I used to spend a mini-
by affluent landowners. Their instead…it becomes difficult access to clean water through collect water first, and the or- mum of 2-3 hours a day to col-
meager income is heavily to manage the expenses for a mini piped water supply deal of spending hours at the lect water,” recalls Mamta.

44 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Photo Courtesy WaterAid/ Prashanth Vishwanathan)

In Zindapur village, women meetings and discussions. buckets and storing water, or
would walk for about 1 km to Leaders from within the com- leaving my two-year-old with
reach the canal and collect wa- munity actively participated someone at home so that I can
ter. Although the village did and were dedicated to work- collect water. We just open the
have a well in close vicinity, ing towards finding a solution tap, and water is available for
it belonged to a landlord of to end their water woes. After the family,” shared Mamta ex-
the farm. The landlord never numerous meetings attended citedly.
objected, but the community by the Sarpanch, concerned A simple model of storing
members would try and use authorities and government water in a tank and connecting
the well water as less as pos- officials, the installations of it with a piped connection at
sible. water taps at each household each household in the commu-
Mamta’s father-in-law, Babu- were initiated. nity has shown a great impact.
lal Paswan, 70, shared, “It was Although it was a long wait, Women like Mamta are now
too difficult to collect water in the year 2017 the taps were able to complete their house-
earlier, especially for us at this finally installed through a hold chores on time, spend
age. My son and daughter-in-
law would collect water for me
as well, but that meant spend-
ing more time at the water
point. Earlier, we had to wait
near the well, keep it clean so (Now) I do not have to worry about
the water consumed was not filling buckets and storing water, water experienced for all these About the Author
too dirty, and even ensure that years, they have now decided Ishita Rampal is the Con-
no one falls in the well as it is or leaving my two-year-old with to manage their water resourc- tent Officer at WaterAid In-
at the ground level itself.” The someone at home so that I can es better as well as take own- dia. With her Masters’ degree
situation was worse when at collect water. We just open the tap, ership. They plan to clean the in Development Communica-
times some of the community nearby well and make it ready tion and Extension, Ishita has
members were forced to skip and water is available for the family. for rainwater harvesting. With had the opportunity to work
work and the day’s income, - Mamta Devi, Zindapur Village, Gaya, Bihar the onset of monsoons, the at the grassroots as well as at
only to be able to collect water community members plan to the planning and implemen-
for the household needs. Of- collect the rainwater and then tation level. Her core compe-
ten children would be late for mini-piped water supply mod- time with their children, and cover it so that the water can tencies include conceptualiz-
school or would drop out in el and were ready for use with even work for a few hours to be used for other household or ing communication strategies
even worse cases. clean water for the villagers at add to the family’s income. non-potable purposes such as and building relationships in
All the daily struggles forced their household premises. The Meanwhile, the children are washing and cleaning. Access the area of media and com-
the community members to water is also tested by Wat- able to go to school, study and to water has not only ensured munication. Previously, Ishita
gather together and discuss erAid’s partner twice a year to play like any other child of the availability of water at all has effectively held and orga-
possible solutions. WaterAid ensure that it is free from any their age, and the men are able times but has also made the nized events and campaigns
India and its partner, with sup- form of contaminant. to go to work regularly. community members sensi- on social issues. Along with
port from the HSBC Water Pro- “We are able to collect wa- The community members tive towards the resources that a flair for writing, Ishita is
gramme soon stepped in and ter within minutes. I do not are still not at rest though! are available to them and the also fond of photography and
facilitated community-level have to worry about filling Keeping in mind the scarcity of resources they can conserve. travelling.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 45

LEAKman Project, Denmark
Joining Forces Against Water Loss...
What would happen if nine of the most innovative players in the Danish water
industry got together to create a complete solution to fight water loss? The
LEAKman project will provide not just the answer to that question but also valuable
knowledge to the companies involved as well as water utilities everywhere.
By Stig Knudsen

DANISH SUPPLIERS OF wa- to enable a full-scale imple-
ter technology have long been mentation in four demonstra-
known for delivering innova- tion areas. According to Klavs
tive products that each con- Høgh these real-life test labs
tribute to reducing water loss are key to ensuring the value
and Denmark’s average level and applicability of the find-
of water loss is among the low- ings from the project: “Every-
est in the world at only 7.6% in thing is connected, so we need
2016. However, there has nev- to see how the individual parts
er been one solution integrat- interact in practice - not just on
ing all of them. Until now. a computer screen.”
In the LEAKman project, “You need to know what
nine Danish companies have you’re looking for” Kamstrup’s
joined forces to create a com- role in the LEAKman project is
prehensive state-of-the-art focused on making the water
solution that can reduce leak- consumption more transpar-
ages and help solve the chal- ent, which specifically involves
lenge with Non-Revenue Wa- delivering the almost 5,000 re-
ter (NRW), which is a severe motely-read smart meters that
and global problem. have now been installed in the
demonstration areas.
A Full-Scale Real-Life “To reduce water loss, you
Test Bubble have to find leaks fast and
The LEAKman project to do that, you need to know
brings together suppliers of what you’re looking for. That’s
each of the individual systems where we come in: mapping
and components that make up water loss through remote net-
a water utility’s daily setting. work reading and info codes,”
The project aims to integrate says Stig Knudsen, Product
and optimize existing prod- Manager at Kamstrup.
ucts in a shared mission to In addition to measuring
fight water loss: “The goal is consumption, the new meters
to get the existing elements will notify the utilities about
to work together - and to ex- leaks and bursts, tempera-
change data and knowledge ture variations, tampering,
to make us all smarter in the backflows and enable ongo-
process,” explains Klavs Høgh, ing online monitoring of the
project manager at LEAKman water balance in the District
initiator, NIRAS. Metering Areas (DMAs). They
The project partners include therefore avoid manual meter
the two water utilities, HOFOR readings, estimated calcula-
and Novafos, who have put tions and time-consuming fol-
their distribution network at low-ups on inaccurate or miss-
the disposal of the participants ing readings.

46 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

The goal is to get the existing
elements to work together - and to
exchange data and knowledge to
make us all smarter in the process.
- Klavs Høgh, Project Manager,
LEAKman Initiator, NIRAS

ABOUT THE PROJECT Novafos, and Schneider
LEAKman is a lighthouse Electric.
project under the Danish
Eco-Innovation Program Supplied by Kamstrup
supported by the Ministry 4,800 MULTICAL® 21
of Environment and Food. water meters and a number
of pressure sensors that are
Project Partners all read remotely through a
AVK Group, DTU (Techni- READy network.
cal University of Denmark),
Grundfos, HOFOR, Kam- Timeline
strup, Leif Koch, NIRAS, 2016-2020

smart meter data include About the Author
improving the quality of con- Stig Knudsen is a Product
sumption variation curves, Manager at Kamstrup. He has
establishing the connection been working with different
between distribution pressure issues in the water industry
and consumption as well as since 2003 both on the utili-
Kamstrup also provides makes perfect sense. We are combinations will create syn- introduce the use of coinci- ty side and now as a supplier.
pressure sensors that allow very excited to be part of it ergies that benefit not just dence factors for dimension- One of his characteristics is
the utilities to perform pres- and see the difference we can the utility but the suppliers as ing pipes. As more and more that he has always been in the
sure optimization based on make,” says Stig Knudsen. well. In those cases, one plus data becomes available, other nexus where technical and
the knowledge of the actual In addition, the findings one equals much more than use cases are expected to fol- commercial issues meet. His
pressure at the critical points from the demonstration areas two.” low and contribute to paving work often involves both intro-
of the distribution network will provide valuable and spe- This places significant de- the way for new leak detection duction of new products and
rather than on theory and as- cific knowledge about Kam- mands on the openness and possibilities. approaching new markets.
sumptions. Pressure sensors strup’s meters and pressure interfaces of the different sys-
will also reveal any unexpect- sensors. “We really want to tems to ensure that they can
ed events and enable the util- prove our integration into the be easily integrated into a
ities to monitor their network full water management sys- multi-supplier solution. “Kam-
to track and possibly avoid tem. This will allow us to see strup’s solution is extremely
pressure surges. how we can further develop it,” flexible because it is based on
The Kamstrup solutions says Stig Knudsen. standardized meter data and
in the LEAKman project are And to him, that’s what in- has the right interfaces to in-
further directly integrated novation is all about: “Innova- teract smoothly with other sys-
with online hydraulic models, tion is a ‘Show, don’t tell’ kind tems. The meter data is collect-
which allows for highly accu- of playing field. We can claim ed through the meter reading
rate calculations of pressure to be innovative all day long, system READy but can easily
optimisation potential, de- but it is in projects like this be exported to e.g. the utility’s
mand forecasting and much that we actually prove it.” SCADA system,” explains Stig
more. Knudsen.
Easy Integration
Innovation at its Finest Creates Synergy Much More to Come
For Kamstrup, participating All utilities might not need Data has started coming in
in the LEAKman project was the full solution, but according from the demonstration ar-
an easy choice. “There is so to Klavs Høgh there is a huge eas, and the partners can now
much expertise and knowl- potential in even just com- begin to interpret and refine
edge in the Danish water in- bining some of the individual them. Some of the more ad-
dustry, that this project just elements: “Different product vanced use cases for hourly

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 47

Unlock AMI’s Potential with Data Analytics
Advanced metering infrastructure can collect and combine data from many sources,
helping water utilities boost business and operational performance.
By Dan Pinney

operational performance. With
advanced analytics, water util-
ities can:
• Remotely and continuously
monitor and diagnose prob-
• Pre-emptively prioritize and
manage maintenance issues
• Remotely control and opti-
mize water distribution net-
works, delivering the right
amount of water where and
when it’s needed most
• Comply transparently and
confidently with regulatory
requirements regarding wa-
ter quality and conservation
• Provide customers with
the information they need
to make informed choices
about water usage
By combining sensors with
advanced analytics technol-
ogy through their AMI sys-
tems, utilities gain the ability
to translate capabilities across
multiple disciplines - from
wastewater treatment to qual-
ity assurance. Thus, AMI will
continue to evolve with the
way service providers use data
Water Utilities are Turning Toward AMI Systems as Part of Larger Smart Grid Initiatives. AMI Systems Provide Two-Way Meter Communications, Offering Utilities to help power initiatives such
Predictive Capabilities to Help Boost Business and Operational Performance. as the Internet of Things (IoT)
and smart city applications.
ADVANCED METERING data collection methods re- And Data Acquisition (SCA- This is where advanced ana-
Infrastructure (AMI) has cre- quired technicians to perform DA) technology and other lytics comes into play. As AMI Accounting for Every
ated new efficiencies for wa- site visits and record meter systems, water utilities are re- adoption has increased, so too Drop
ter utilities. Equipped with data monthly. AMI reduces ceiving thousands of times as have the capabilities of ana- Nonrevenue water contin-
the latest analytics technolo- and often eliminates the need much data as they did just a lytics software made available ues to be a pressing issue for
gy, a utility can leverage the for walk- or drive-by meter few years ago. with the technology. Such soft- many utilities, and it’s an area
vast amount of data flowing reading. Although this data explo- ware can be offered via inno- that’s ripe for data analytics.
through an AMI system to AMI also provides a mas- sion has opened new possi- vative cloud-based or software Because of real and apparent
anticipate demand, address sive increase in the amount of bilities for utilities, it’s also as service models, eliminating water loss, some utilities bill
issues such as leak detection, available data for water util- created a significant challenge. the need for utilities to invest only for roughly 70 percent to
and help customers under- ities, delivered with greater Some utilities may not pos- in expensive software that re- 80 percent of the water they
stand their consumption pat- accuracy thanks to improve- sess a full-time Information quires a lot of time to install provide. Apparent losses are
terns. ments in metering technology. Technology (IT) staff or the re- and learn how to use. caused by failures in data and
Advanced meters, when con- sources needed to analyze and The latest analytics software billing systems, customer me-
Creating a Smart Water nected to a head-end system glean insights from this wealth can efficiently store and val- ter inaccuracies, and unautho-
Utility through a dedicated commu- of data. So, how do utilities idate information collected rized consumption. Real loss
Today’s AMI systems are nication network, can provide best manage this increased from smart meters, SCADA happens when there’s some
helping water providers be- data to measure flow accurate- data stream in addition to systems, and customer billing type of leak or spill, where the
come smart utilities, automat- ly down to 0.11 GPM as often their staffs’ many daily tasks, and information services, of- water ends up in the ground
ing data collection, and pro- as every 15 min. By combining yet remain focused on meeting fering predictive capabilities or in a stream and not with
viding new insights. Previous AMI with Supervisory Control their customers’ needs? to help boost business and the customer. Nonrevenue

48 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

capture more revenue and re- ter main near a major road. If power Washington residents
duce production costs. This the issue had gone on longer to make informed decisions
allows utilities to reinvest in because the utility couldn’t about their water and power
new systems that improve in- detect or locate the break, it consumption.
frastructure and support ad- could have resulted in signifi-
ditional benefits to streamline cant damage and disruption to The Road Ahead
operations. the community, along with the As technology advance-
loss of hundreds or even thou- ments evolve under the um-
Ami Insights in Action sands of gallons of water from brella of big data and IoT
The city of Hendersonville, which the city wouldn’t be able innovation, AMI technology,
N.C., is a good example of a to collect revenue. and advanced data analytics
water service provider that will continue to make cities
has leveraged data analytics to Connected Utilities - smarter. Benefits of this shift
improve daily operations. The Smarter Customers will include better stewardship
In Addition to Customer Water Usage Data, AMI Technology Helps Utilities city installed a traditional AMI Utilities and municipalities of customer dollars and more
Receive Data on Water Pressure and Leaks in Remote Areas of Network, Such system in which water meters frequently operate in silos that informed decision making by
as Pump Stations.
transmit usage data every hour rarely communicate. Leak de- customers, allowing utilities
water isn’t a new trend, but the time and errors associat- and combined it with pressure tection might be handled in a to go beyond metering to truly
innovations in data analytics ed with the manual billing sensors deployed in strategic different department than me- intelligent resource manage-
technologies are helping util- process. Additionally, smart locations throughout the city’s ter reading or billing. Separate ment.
ities combat it, particularly alarms can be configured as water distribution system. departments also frequently Although many water utili-
when used as part of a broader part of an integrated system, Within minutes, the system handle water, electricity, and ties today focus on data collec-
AMI deployment. Combining allowing utilities to detect ef- enabled the city to identify a street lighting. As AMI tech- tion, the industry is shifting.
enhanced solutions for smart forts to circumvent meter reg- pipe break that had occurred nology and data analytics It’s no longer just about the
metering, measurement, com- istration, restrict access from overnight. Before AMI, it continue to advance, opportu- data. It’s about the ability to
munications, and analytics unauthorized personnel, and would have been up to city nities to leverage their inter- act on that data. Utilities that
can help close the gap between detect attempted theft. employees to detect the prob- connectedness will increase to leverage AMI technology and
the volume of water the utili- With innovation in technol- lem manually, and it probably benefit various departments. data analytics can improve ef-
ties supply and the water driv- ogy and AMI systems, utilities wouldn’t have been addressed Such opportunities also ex- ficiencies now, with the prom-
ing revenue each month. can also advance their water until hours or even days later. tend to the customers whom ise of increasing opportunities
This can happen in a variety distribution management and Integrated data insights al- utilities ultimately serve. in the future. By providing
of ways. Simply installing new monitoring systems to protect lowed Hendersonville employ- By providing accurate data advanced capabilities, such
meters can help utilities jump- infrastructure against leaks ees to identify the issue quick- through easy-to-use customer as interpreting water age for
start the revenue curve and and spills. Advanced options er and locate exactly where the portals, utilities can empower better quality control, the pos-
potentially save thousands of such as a mass balance give pipe break occurred. Coupling their customers to better man- sibilities are limitless. Utilities
dollars annually. But leverag- utilities a zonal view of de- its AMI system with geocoding age their own consumption that monitor and stay ahead of
ing enhanced data analytics ployed water meters for en- capabilities, which are avail- and tackle personal goals in the latest developments will be
technology with automated hanced management. Acoustic able in most utilities in North areas like sustainability. in the best position to capital-
billing and AMI systems can and fluid energy solutions take America, the city monitored Washington Municipal Util- ize on tomorrow’s technology
more accurately pinpoint leak detection to the next level pressure changes at various ities in Washington, Ind., pro- breakthroughs.
where the loss occurs. By ana- by allowing users to monitor sensors around the break’s vides a prime example. When
lyzing AMI data over a period distribution lines, localizing location. The data streams it came time to upgrade the About the Author
of weeks, months, and years, the identification of leaks with analyzed through the cloud- utility’s outdated infrastruc- Dan Pinney is Global Direc-
utilities can more effectively more precision based on flow based system allowed workers ture, city leaders wanted a tor of Water Marketing at Sen-
identify where the loss occurs and pressure data. Advanced to quickly pinpoint the break flexible solution that would sus, Raleigh, N.C.
and take proactive measures to leak detection platforms use within 100 yards. unify water and electric me- Source: This article original-
stop this loss from happening, the latest technologies, such The benefits of using AMI tering under a single system. ly appeared in the May 2018
saving a lot of money in the as smart balls, infrared cam- to monitor water distribution To make this happen, the city issue of Opflow, the water in-
process. eras, and other in situ devices, go beyond saving money. The deployed AMI technology cou- dustry’s most popular resource
By leveraging an automat- to monitor pipes for cracks or technology also can be used to pled with advanced analytics. on operations issues published
ed billing system integrated other issues that cause leaks. minimize public disruptions The new system allows staff by the American Water Works
with AMI and data analytics, By reducing nonrevenue and serve communities. In the to manage power and water Association (AWWA). The
utilities can also streamline water, either through real or case of Hendersonville, the remotely with one network. monthly magazine presents
the billing process, reducing apparent losses, utilities can pipe break occurred on a wa- The system helps the city save new and established technolo-
time and resources, seamless- gies and ideas that readers can
ly integrating and analyzing apply to water treatment and
customer usage data for more distribution as well as waste-
accurate and efficient billing. water operations. Opflow
The city also extended the is a benefit for members of
benefits of enhanced data in- AWWAIndia and a valued re-
sights to its customers. When source for water professionals
a customer calls to discuss a around the world. To join AW-
bill, the city’s customer service WAIndia, visit
staff can quickly find it and To view the original article,
Connecting Utilities and Customers (AMI Allows Utilities to Empower Their Customers to Better Manage Their Own review the customer’s usage. see
Water Consumption Through a Variety of Smart Devices). Timely and accurate data em- OPF.2018.44.0054.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 49

Cost-Effective Tools for Reducing Non-Revenue
Water Loss (Leak Detection, Condition Assessment,
and Pressure Management)
This article focusses on two cost-effective approaches that help utilities to get a
handle on Non-Revenue Water (NRW) quickly and effectively.
By Martin Topps
cost of services, and the crite- to survey more than 3,000 of pipe needed replacement,
ria on which the performance km of pipeline. Within the in a UK Water company that
is going to be evaluated. Eval- first 17 months of deploy- manages 35,000 km water
uation criteria can range from ment, the utility identified distribution network. The
the simplicity of system instal- and located 252 leaks and company was due to re-
lation to supporting-software was able to save more than place 402 km of the pipe but
features and the ease of user 25 million liters per day. The ePulse was able to show that
operation. utility expanded its leak de- 198 m was actually in good
The key to success in maxi- tection program to survey an condition and did not need
mizing savings and minimiz- additional 1,500 km of trans- to be replaced. As this sec-
ing water loss depends on ear- mission mains at an average tion ran under an environ-
ly detection of leaks. Acoustic rate of 40 km/week, accu- mental protection area, the
sensors find leaks long before rately pinpointing 120 leaks complexity of the work and
they become detectable by and saving an additional risk of negative environmen-
conventional techniques. Early 7.9 million liters per day. tal impact would have added
detection reduces the duration That’s a saving of 32 million to the cost. This led to a di-
Deploying a Mueller Water Products Echologics ePulse Acoustic Sensor for
Measuring the Structural Integrity of a Water Distribution Main.
of leaks and often means that liters per day - enough wa- rect cost saving of over USD
leaks are repaired before they ter to supply an additional 150,000.
EVERY WATER UTILITY has ground leaks and assesses the progress to costly water main 152,000 residents every day.
some degree of leakage or wa- condition of water mains with- breaks. Here are two examples: • e Pulse condition assessment Pressure Management
ter loss within their water dis- out disrupting service or in- • EchoShore-M was installed was used to help determine Control valves have been
tribution system which, when serting anything into the pipe in a water utility in Malaysia if and when certain sections used for many years to help
understood, can be dealt with system. This is achieved using
in many ways. Despite this, acoustic sensors attached to
excessive water loss has con- existing components such as
tinued to grow, as aging infra- fire hydrants, valves or directly
structures further deteriorate in contact with a pipe. These
often due to a lack of funding sensors listen for the sound
for rehabilitation. As popula- that a leak creates, and cor-
tions increase, new customer relate the position of the leak.
demand increases the stress With condition assessment, a
on the already overloaded sound wave is induced in the
pipe networks and the prob- pipeline and acoustic sensors
lem compounds. capture data that is analyzed
This article focusses on two using proprietary algorithms
cost-effective approaches that to assess the integrity of pipe-
help utilities to get a handle lines.
on non-revenue water (NRW) Implementation of an Echo-
quickly and effectively. logics leak detection or con-
dition assessment program
Leakage Detection and typically starts with a proof-
Condition Assessment of-concept pilot project to doc-
A sound approach in re- ument success and determine
viewing water loss reduction potential return on investment
should include a leak detec- (ROI). Before laying out a pilot
tion and condition assessment program, it is important for the
plan. Echologics technology, a supplier and customer to agree
Mueller Water Products brand, upon the concept being tested, Measuring and Calibrating a Mueller Water Products Singer Pressure Reducing Valve to Regulate Flow and Daytime/
non-invasively detects under- the capital costs, the relative Night-time Pressures to Eliminate Overpressure and Reduce Leakage.

50 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

your customers require, small
towns or cities of 10,000 peo-
ple or less, may end up with 4
or 5 DMAs or pressure zones.
Large cities with many mil-
lions of residents may have
100-200 pressure zones. Each
DMA will often give a payback
of six months to a year when
evaluating the cost of the water
that would otherwise be lost.
In conclusion, leak detec-
tion and condition assessment
solutions, along with pressure
reducing valves, are becoming
vital and affordable water con-
servation tools for managers
of water distribution systems
around the globe.

About the Author

Echologics Team Listening for Leaks On Site

control NRW loss and are an burst frequency in old pipe- The meter then measures the identify areas with the greatest
essential part of any water lines. Often the main reason overall flow into that specific need. DMAs are most effective
distribution system. Pressure for a water utility experiencing pressure zone while the con- if you can provide one source
is proven to have an effect on high leak and burst frequen- sumer, industrial and commer- into a DMA zone and avoid Martin J. Topps, Vice Presi-
leakage volume and pipe burst cies is the aging pipe network, cial meters used for billing, multiple meters and PRVs dent of International Sales for
frequency. The relationship still in operation beyond its ex- measure flows out of the zone. feeding off a looped system. Mueller Water Products, has
between pressure increase and pected lifespan. Pipes weaken Calibrated meters will provide With this approach you can been working with utilities for
leakage volume is quite com- with age, pressure spikes can leakage rates in that zone. With adjust the pressure reducing over 35 years, both for a UK
plex and depends on pipe ma- cause the pipes to burst. Pipe this information, leakage loca- valve specifically to each zone water utility and for a number
terial, soil conditions, and age bursts often happen in off- tion teams can be directed to and set the pressure in that of multi-national suppliers to
of pipe. The ratio can be any- peak periods or at night time, the most challenged zones and zone to supply exactly what the utility sector.
where from 1:1 to 1:3 mean- because the demand is lower
ing, in the latter case, a 10% and the water pressure in the
increase in pressure would see pipe is higher. Managing Pressures with DMAs used by reservoir supply pumps - saving
a 30% increase in leakage vol- When considering a com- By managing your pressures with DMAs or enough water to permit thousands of new
umes. prehensive water loss and pressure zones, annual maintenance budget service connections.
Pressure Reducing Valves leakage solution, it is common can be decreased and water loss associated • M ALAYSIS
(PRVs) are often used to con- practice for water utilities to with pipe bursts plus consequential damages Another utility in Malaysia needed help re-
trol system pressures, allow- hire a consulting firm that reduced. Here are two examples: solving a serious water loss problem caused
ing acceptable pressures to specializes in this discipline. by aging infrastructure. Through an NRW
meet customer demands while After completing a water au- • I NDONESIA audit, it was determined that 168 DMA’s
maintaining a maximum pres- dit, a consultant will usually Singer applied its water loss control and needed to be established to manage the
sure limit to help in controlling analyze the system and begin pressure management solutions for a cus- pressure of the entire distribution system.
leakage levels. Some utilities to establish DMAs (District tomer in Indonesia experiencing severe By installing a combination of 138 Singer
are using timer systems with Metered Areas) which typi- problems with over-pressure pipe failures, pressure reducing valves in the DMA’s, and
multiple pilots to set multiple cally consists of a meter and significant water loss, and low reservoir lev- Singer altitude valves at reservoirs, the utili-
pressure settings throughout pressure reducing valve. These els that frequently deprived a third of one ty was able to realize a savings of over USD
a 24-hour period. Singer - a DMA’s are often designed to city’s population of reliable water supply. A 5 million per year. Overpressure pipeline
Mueller Water Products brand be a dedicated pressure zone special meter-controlled and pilot-operated failures dropped by 93%, from 3000 per
- valves allow high pressure for between 2,000 and 3,000 pressure control valve achieved an astound- year to only 200 per year, and today’s opti-
during high demand and low service connections (but this ing 75% reduction in water loss, a 300% mized reservoir water levels are helping to
pressure during low demand. number can vary subject to reduction in pipeline breakage, and a 33% delay water rationing for almost a million
Another bonus in installing population and utilities’ strat- reduction in electrical power consumption residents during their dry season.
PRVs is the effect of reducing egy to find the smallest leak).

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 51

Reducing Water Loss for Croatian Water Supply Network
By Cyndi Smith

county. The savings also pos-
In a Nutshell 1,262-square-kilometer itively affect the surrounding
o O rganization: Hidroing section of a water network. environment, as the water is
d.o.o. Assess the network perfor- pumped from underground
o Solution: Water Networks mance, recommend im- wells. Since the pumps are not
o Location: Varaždin, Varaž- provements, and propose using as much energy as they
din County, Croatia future development mea- were previously, the network
o Project Objectives: De- sures for Varkom’s water now reduces carbon dioxide
velop an accurate hy- network. emissions in addition to water
draulic model for a o Products Used: WaterCAD and energy usage.
By implementing Water-
input data into the model, implementing WaterCAD’s CAD during the modeling
swiftly providing an accurate flow emitter capability to sim- process, the project team saw
The Network Model Developed in WaterCAD was Integrated into the Network’s representation of the site. ulate leaks. These capabilities significant savings for its own
GIS Database to Ensure Accurate Data and a Reflection of Reality. The project team connect- allowed Hidroing’s team to work. For instance, Hidroing
ed a detailed database with identify the best scenario for needed fewer experts to help
Developing a Hydraulic complete a hydraulic model 41,000 water meters to the pressure management with with the model development,
Model within a year. The project con- model to incorporate the most the calculation of financial which saved the organization
Varkom D.D. (Varkom) sisted of water loss analysis, accurate water demands in the benefits due to water loss re- money. The team also estimat-
brings water and wastewater field measurement, District model. Information included duction. ed that 70 percent of the time
utility services to 175,000 Metered Areas (DMAs) zon- the owner name, address, year- The improved accuracy of was saved directly in model
people across seven town- ing, and pressure manage- ly consumption, and type of this model was an important preparation and an addition-
ships and 20 municipalities ment. The biggest challenge, user, making it easy to switch capability for the system own- al 70 percent of the time was
in Varaždin County, Croatia. however, was phasing the between season consumption er. Hidroing used various Wa- saved in model management
The organization wanted a development of the hydraulic periods and enabling direct terCAD capabilities for energy and preliminary design. Over-
feasibility study completed to model, as the field data came demand allocation. Addition- calculation, leakage reduction, all, the project team conserved
help better manage its assets in eight phases during the ally, the project team added demand allocation, and other 600 resource days by using
spanning the 1,650-kilometer project’s timeframe. sub-models, which allowed important data. The owner felt WaterCAD and completed the
supply network, which includ- team members to work on al- secure when making decisions project within the required
ed 23 water tanks and 36 pres- Providing Accurate Model most every main task simulta- based on the model as the data 12-month deadline.
sure stations. Data neously, saving three months was accurate and up-to-date.
As an organization special- To develop a model that on delivery. The model allowed the owner About the Author
izing in preparing and su- reflects reality, Hidroing inte- For the 3D terrain model, to have a new view of the wa-
pervising hydraulic structure grated the WaterCAD model WaterCAD’s TRex functional- ter network because all the vi-
construction, Hidroing d.o.o. directly to the GIS database, ity allowed the team to allo- tal information was located in
(Hidroing), in partnership obtaining background maps, cate accurate elevations for the one place.
with three other companies, a 3D terrain model, and meter entire area, avoiding possible
undertook the EUR 500,000 data that included meters for problems during pipe calibra- Reducing Water Loss,
feasibility study to develop a every commercial, residential, tion based on pressure. The fi- Achieving Significant
precise hydraulic model for and institutional building. nal model was Hidroing’s most Savings
Varkom. The goal of the model Using WaterCAD as the main precise model to date. Hidroing helped the system
was to assess network perfor- modeling platform, the team Improving Decision Making owner reduce water loss by 2
mance, recommend improve- could connect the model to the The main benefit seen by million cubic feet per year by
ments, and propose future de- different data assets, reducing the project team was improved using various capabilities in
velopment measures. the time needed for model calculation accuracy for bet- WaterCAD. These savings will Cyndi Smith is a Senior
Hidroing was responsible preparation and alterations. ter decision making, with all help the owner accumulate Industry Marketing Director
for 1,262 square kilometers This connectivity allowed us- information in one easily ac- funds for future network de- for Bentley Systems’ utilities,
of the network and needed to ers to quickly and precisely cessible location. Using the velopment as well as increase water, and communications
LoadBuilder capability within service quality for the entire industries.
WaterCAD, the team applied
Fast Facts tions in the model for the
 arkom D.D. provides water EUR 500,000 project.
water loss per DMA, enabling ROI plete the project by 600
a direct connection of real o U sing WaterCAD’s resource days.
and wastewater utility ser- o By directly connecting the
losses to pipeline length inside sub-modeling capabilities o An estimated 70% of the
vices to 175,000 people in WaterCAD model with the
the DMA selection set. In the enabled the project team time was saved in mod-
Varaždin County, Croatia. GIS database, spreadsheets,
next phase, the team calculat- to deliver the project three el preparation and more
Hidroing created a GIS and background maps,
ed water loss using the Fixed months ahead of schedule. than 70% in model man-
database for the water net- users could quickly and
and Variable Area Discharges o The project team reduced agement and preliminary
work to allocate accurate precisely load data into the
(FAVAD) method, correlating the time needed to com- designs.
water demands and eleva- model.
pressure and water loss by

52 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Digital Water: How Leak Remediation Through Data is
Becoming the World’s Least Expensive Water Resource
The World Bank estimates that we collectively lose 32.6 trillion liters a year through
leaks. In some cities, leakage can consume 35 to 50% of the water produced.
By Michael Kanellos

LEAKAGE STANDS AS one ter authority for Manila, serves plant expansions to meet its saving in 2016 and the cu- bond payments alone would
of the primary challenges and millions of customers over 540 service commitments. Expand- mulative savings to USD 1.3 have come to USD 600,000
primary opportunities for wa- square kilometers: it manages ed capacity would also mean million, thereby paying off the per year. WHUD predicts it
ter utilities. nearly 7,500 kilometers of wa- higher expenses in terms of budget of the project. (Reme- will not need a major capital
Globally, the World Bank ter and sewer pipes and 19 res- energy - approximately 30% diated leaks become a recur- expansion until 2028.
Estimates that we collectively ervoirs. In 2007, nearly 20% of of the cost of producing water ring revenue stream: The USD “Without us knowing there
lose 32.6 trillion liters a year, the citizens in its service terri- - employees, chemicals, and 400,000 worth of water recov- was a problem in that area, we
or nearly enough to fill China’s tory could not even get service, maintenance. ered by fixing the 2015 was re- would have never been able to
Three Gorges Dam, through roughly had did not have 24- Rather than launch an ex- peated in 2016 and every year stumble upon that leak,” said
leaks. hour service and over half did pensive construction project, thereafter.) Carl Alexander, GIS Director
In some cities, leakage can not have sufficient pressure. WHUD opted to develop a sys- In 2017, WHUD found USD at WHUD. “Since implementa-
consume 35 to 50% of the As part of an operational tem to pinpoint underground 350,000 more leaks, raising tion, this has held true with po-
water produced. Lost water, of overhaul, the company pur- leaks through software and the total water recovered or tential leaks being found daily,
course, means more than wast- sued an aggressive program smart meters. First, WHUD not lost in that year to USD some so small they could have
ing a valuable commodity. to monitor metrics like water segmented its service territory 1.65 million and the cumula- gone undetected for years. We
Because power can be 30% flows while mapping con- into 33 district metered areas tive total to nearly USD 3 mil- have also been able to proac-
of the cost of producing water, sumption against its geogra- (DMAs). Data from this net- lion. tively notify customers that
leakage can artificially raise phies. work of meters was then deliv- they may have a leak, so it has
greenhouse gas emissions and By 2013, it was servicing ered to OSIsoft’s PI System, a oW HUD had an infrastruc- really been win-win.”
prevent communities from 94.7% percent of its custom- software platform that collects, ture leakage index (ILI) of White House Utility District
reaching their sustainability ers, 97% had a 24-hour ser- cleans, and structures data 2.86 in 2012, which meant has demonstrated what can be
goals. vice and 99% had sufficient from different devices to give it was losing approximately accomplished through digital
Similarly, leaks in wastewa- pressure. At the same time, engineers and technicians re- 32% of its water through wa- technology.
ter networks, meanwhile, can Maynilad recovered 640 mil- al-time insight into their over- ter main leaks. wJust as important, WHUD
be a source of health problems lion liters of treated water, all operations and asset health. o In less than four days, has shown that analytics and
and legal violations. thereby reducing losses by To understand consump- WHUD discovered what lo- Big Data aren’t just for large
On the other hand, the vol- 27%, while increasing its cus- tion patterns, WHUD moni- cal residents believed was a utilities with extensive engi-
ume of water being lost - com- tomer base from 6.4 million to tored water consumption rates stream was, in fact, a water neering departments.
bined with advances in soft- 9 million. between 1:00 a.m. and 4:00 main leak spilling approxi- And, while water utilities
ware and sensors for detecting But what about small cities a.m., when few consumers mately 147 million gallons are often very conservative
and monitoring leaks - has ef- with relatively modest budgets would be awake and legitimate a year, or enough for 2,239 organizations, results like this
fectively made leakage one of and small staffs? consumption would be at the homes in the area. show that the industry could
the most, if not most, economi- White House Utility District lowest level within a DMA. If oWHUD later discovered become one of the most im-
cal source of water available to (WHUD), Tennessee’s larg- a DMA exceeded a threshold another “stream” created by portant test beds for analytics.
a community. est geographic water utility value of 0.5 gallons per min- a leak that had spilled 500
In the U.S., for example, serving approximately 90,000 ute per household during this million to 1 billion gallons About the Author
recovering water from leaks consumers and businesses, is time period, PI System data since the late 1980s. Michael Kanellos is the In-
costs on average USD 1.21 per using data to stem water loss would be employed to narrow o The ‘smart meter’ approach dustry Champion, Water, for
1,000 gallons, according to and create savings for its cus- down the location of a poten- also allowed WHUD to OSIsoft.
data from Bluefield Research, tomers. Detailed in a newly tial leak. The data would then avoid USD 200,000 worth of
or less than half the cost of tra- published paper, the District’s be placed on an ESRI ArcGIS SCADA upgrades and recov-
ditional water (USD 3.90 per work began in 2015 with a di- map so maintenance crews er USD 30,000 in employee IN THE US, recovering
1,000) and far less than new- lemma: how to meet growing could prioritize repairs. time and productivity. water from leaks costs
er solutions like desalination, demand for water within the o The time needed to pre- on average USD 1.21 per
which averages over USD 8.00. budget and capital constraints The Results pare reports on potential 1,000 gallons, or less
Leakage control is even less faced by municipal and mid- In 2015, the first year of problems dropped from six than half the cost of tra-
expensive than encouraging sized utilities everywhere? the program, WHUD found hours to ten minutes. ditional water (USD 3.90
consumers to conserve, ac- Early projections indicated and sealed leaks losing USD o Perhaps most important- per 1,000) and far less
cording to data from the Cal- that WHUD might need to in- 400,000 worth of water. In the ly, WHUD avoided the than newer solutions
ifornia Public Utilities Com- vest up to USD 15 million to second year, it found another multi-million capital expan- like desalination, which
mission. USD 20 million in transmis- USD 500,000 worth of leaks, sion. WHUD estimates that averages over USD 8.00.
Maynilad, the privatized wa- sion upgrades and treatment resulting in USD 900,000 of the interest payments on the

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 53

Namami Gange
• Twelve projects worth Rs. 929 crore approved. 2 Sewage
Treatment Plant (STP) projects in Delhi given a green signal.
• Two sewage infrastructure projects worth Rs 425.41 crore inaugurated in
Varanasi/ Foundation stone for a project worth Rs 72.91 crore laid in Ramnagar.
• Composite sewerage projects approved in Agra.

PM also laid the foundation ed to be worked out to address
stone for Sewerage Manage- Yamuna’s pollution issues in
ment Scheme for Ramnagar at Agra.
a cost of Rs. 72.91 crore. This The project for Rehabili-
included a 10 MLD STP and tation/ Renovation of Agra
intercepting and diverting 4 Sewerage Scheme (Intercep-
drains. tion & Diversion Works) has
been conceived at a total cost
Composite Sewerage of Rs. 857.26 crore including
Projects in Agra the O&M cost for 15 years.
Namami Gange projects The major components of the
in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West project include tapping of 61
Bengal and Himachal Pradesh nalas/drains, construction of
worth Rs. 1573.28 crore have 3 Sewerage Treatment Plant
been approved by the Exec- (STPs) of total capacity 166
utive Committee (EC) of Na- MLD, construction of 10 de-
tional Mission for Clean Gan- centralized STPs of 9.38 MLD
ga (NMCG). and renovation of 2 existing
In a meeting held in the STPs, laying of rising main of
presence of Union Minister 17.61 km, renovation of Sew-
for Water Resources, River age Pumping Station (SPS),
File Photo: The Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari (Photo Courtesy: Development and Ganga Re- renovation of STPs renovation
PIB India) juvenation, Nitin Gadkari and of interception work, upgrada-
UP Chief Minister Yogi Adi- tion of STPs (for chlorination),
New Projects Approved/ ment Plant (CETP) of 6.25 Sewage Infrastructure tyanath, it was decided that a and operation & maintenance
Sanctioned Under MLD capacity for textile print- Projects in Varanasi comprehensive solution need- for 15 years.
Namami Gange ing units in Mathura Industri- and Ramnagar
The Executive Committee al Area has been taken up for Prime Minister Narendra G-Governance of o U se of Drones and vehi-
(EC) of the National Mission upgradation. One project for Modi dedicated three sewage Namami Gange cles with cameras have
for Clean Ganga has approved treatment of Rampur Drain in infrastructure projects to the Programme through also helped in identifying
12 projects worth Rs. 929 crore Rampur, using NSN-Technolo- nation costing Rs 425.41 crore Geospatial Technology polluted Nalas joining the
under the Namami Gange pro- gy based Bio Oxygenation and for the city of Varanasi and o Geographical Information river Ganga.
gramme. another project for treatment laid the foundation stone for System (GIS) technology o IIT Kanpur is executing a
Two Sewage Treatment of 30 drains and third-party another project. is widely used in river ba- project on ‘Reconstructing
Plants (STPs) have been sanc- inspection of 123 drains in the The first is a 140 MLD Sew- sin management. NMCG the Ganga of the Past from
tioned for Delhi for creating state has been approved. age Treatment Plant (STP) at has signed an MoU with Corona archival imagery’.
340 MLD waste treatment For inspection and moni- Dinapur built at a cost of Rs. National Remote Sensing Deliverables of Corona
capacity at a cost of Rs. 580 toring of industries, STPs and 235.53 crore. The project in- Centre (NRSC) in the use project would be to make
crore. The first is an STP of 318 CETPs by third party technical cludes 10 years Operation & of geospatial technology all processed Corona im-
MLD capacity at coronation institutions, an amount of 0.98 Maintenance agreement. The in June 2015. They have ages available for upload
pillar. The second is a proj- cr has been sanctioned for the second project includes three developed Bhuvan Gan- on the public portal such
ect in Chattarpur assembly strengthening of UP Pollution sewage pumping stations at ga Geoportal and Bhuvan as Bhuvan.
constituency where various Control laboratories. Chaukaghat (140 MLD), Phul- Ganga Mobile Application. o Another project under ex-
sewage pumping stations and For West Bengal, two proj- waria (7.6 MLD) and Saraiya o Bhuvan Ganga Geoportal ecution is on ‘Generation
9 STPs of total 22.5 MLD ca- ects have been sanctioned at (3.7 MLD). The total cost for is available for water qual- of Digital Elevation Mod-
pacity will be constructed. The a cost of Rs. 50 cr. One project the 3 pumping stations was ity monitoring, hydrolog- el/ Digital Terrain Model
Central Government will fund has been approved for upgrad- Rs. 34.01. The third project is ical monitoring, geomor- using suitable sensors on
Rs. 256 crore for this project. ing the STP in Kancharapara the construction of 28 km long phological monitoring, an airborne platform for
For Uttar Pradesh, projects from 13 MLD to 18 MLD ca- relieving trunk sewer, rising bio-resources monitoring, a corridor along the main
have been approved with the pacity, along with its operation mains and interceptor sewers and comprehensive geo- stem of River Ganga’ by
total cost of Rs. 128 cr. One ex- & maintenance for the next 15 along Varuna and Assi at a spatial database. Survey of India.
isting Common Effluent Treat- years. cost of Rs. 155.87 crore.

54 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

WABAG’s 140 MLD STP Inaugurated
by PM Narendra Modi in Varanasi
• R s. 235.53 crore contract is the largest project
implemented under Ganga Action Plan - Phase II.
• WABAG to operate & maintain the facility for a period of 10 years.

Change Convention. The plant - vindicating our Prime Min-
boasts of 4,000 m3/day balloon ister’s vision of Make-in-In-
type double membrane gas dia along with his dream of a
holders, the largest of its kind Clean Ganga.”
in India. The project will enhance the
Dinapur STP, Varanasi
Rajneesh Chopra, Global sewage treatment capacity in
Head, Business Development, the city from 102 MLD to 242
PRIME MINISTER OF In- al cost. This is in line with PM’s green energy and India’s rat- said, “The Varanasi sewage MLD. The project is located in
dia, Narendra Modi recently vision to power India through ification at the UN Climate treatment plant, demonstrates Dinapur village, approximate-
inaugurated a first-of-its-kind to the nation the capability of ly 7 km from Varanasi and will
Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) WABAG to build world-class cover an area of approximately
at Dinapur, Varanasi with the facility purely implemented 6.2 hectares, adjacent to the
capacity of 140 Million Liters by an Indian multinational existing 80 MLD STP.
per Day (MLD). The contract
valued at Rs. 235.53 crores is
executed by VA Tech WABAG
Limited. The company will
also be responsible to operate
& maintain the facility for a As an Indian multinational, we are
period of 10 years. This project
is a major step in contributing really proud to be part of the mission
to the reduction of pollution of to clean the holy Ganga, which is
the river Ganga. considered sacred and a lifeline
The project funded by JICA
is the first and the largest to millions. We are happy that this
sewage treatment project to marquee project implemented
be implemented under the by WABAG, is being dedicated
“Namami Gange” mission. The
treatment plant employs the to the nation by our Hon’ble PM
activated sludge process and is under the ‘Clean Ganga’ mission
powered by green power from which is dear to his heart.
sewage (biogas), significantly
reducing the carbon footprint - Rajiv Mittal,
apart from lowering operation- MD and Group CEO, VA Tech WABAG Limited

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 55

Smart Water & Waste World Exclusive
Mayur Sharma interacted with Rajneesh Chopra (Global Head, Business
Development, VA Tech WABAG Limited) about the Sewage Treatment Plant (STP)
project in Varanasi, Namami Gange, and other similar projects...

“Namami Gange” program. The at Rithala, New Delhi, under
recently inaugurated Varanasi the Yamuna Action Plan. The
STP, which is the first and the scope includes design, supply,
largest sewage treatment plant construction, and commis-
under Namami Gange, will be sioning including operation &
a milestone project in making maintenance for 11 years. The
holy Ganga “Aviral” as well as project is financed by Japan In-
“Nirmal” in line with our PM’s ternational Cooperation Agen-
vision. cy (JICA). The upgradation in-
To reiterate our commitment cludes WABAG designing and
to the ‘Clean Ganga Mission’, constructing a biogas power
in addition to Varanasi project generation unit from sewage,
which will reduce the volume reducing dependence on the
of untreated sewage flowing power grid. This is another fine
from Varanasi into Ganga by example of our commitment
almost 50% (14 crore liters), to providing sustainable solu-
WABAG has been purifying tions and promoting a waste-
around 55 crore liters of un- to-wealth concept.
treated sewage every day being Furthermore, we are exe-
discharged into the Yamuna cuting two sewerage projects
from the National Capital Re- with BUIDCO in Bihar. First
gion (NCR). We are also execut- is a comprehensive sewerage
ing projects under the Namami scheme at Karmalichak com-
Gange mission at Haridwar prising a 21 MLD pumping
and Patna, thus cumulatively station coupled with 97 km of
treating around 100 crore li- sewage pipeline at a cost of Rs.
ters of untreated sewage which 253 crore. Second is a novel
was being discharged into 60 MLD wastewater treatment
Q. Please explain the value proposition in terms of treatment process, uninter- river Ganga. Furthermore, for plant at a cost of Rs. 147 crore
features of activated optimizing the capex as well rupted power is a must. This the first time in history, we are in Pahari which integrates a
sludge process (which as the opex coupled with en- is achieved at the Dinapur STP planning to raise funds for Hy- new technology called Nereda,
is powered by a biogas- hanced efficiency to achieve by employing a green, renew- brid Annuity Model projects, contributing to enhanced effi-
based power plant) the desired levels in treated able and non-polluting mech- as part of our commitment to ciency, nutrient removal, and
used for this STP. wastewater. Most of the tech- anism - power from sludge Namami Gange. land footprint optimization.
Mr. Chopra: We would first nologies that have evolved over biogas. Such a model not only It is also appropriate to men- Third, a rehabilitation and
like to express our gratitude the last decade are more or less reduces the carbon footprint tion here that WABAG was upgradation order for two
to the Government of India, a variant of the ASP and hence, but is also in line with Govern- chiefly instrumental in clean- wastewater treatment plants
Government of Uttar Pradesh, ASP is still preferred globally ment of India’s ratification at ing the Danube River running in Uttarakhand - Jagjeetpur (27
National Mission for Clean for ongoing as well as upcom- the Paris Climate Convention across Austria and this proven MLD) and Sarai (18 MLD). The
Ganga and the Uttar Pradesh ing projects. 2015 wherein India has agreed experience will vastly help us project assumes significance
Jal Nigam for embracing a The salient feature of em- to produce 40% of its energy contribute to the ‘Clean Ganga’ given that they are in close
comprehensive wastewater ploying ASP is its very good requirements from non-fossil mission. proximity to Haridwar - one of
treatment model with resource performance achieved in terms sources. the holiest places along river
recovery and entrusting the of BOD and TSS removal. In Q. Are there more of such Ganga.
responsibility to WABAG to addition to this, given the vari- Q. How do you see projects in the planning We have also submitted bids
demonstrate such a role model ation in influent load in Indian WABAG’s role in the or construction stages? for three projects in Bihar, West
concept at Varanasi, which can cities, ASP’s performance is not upcoming projects under Mr. Chopra: WABAG is exe- Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh and
be applied in future Namami significantly affected due to Namami Gange and cuting projects along the Gan- are upbeat given our proven
Gange projects. normal variations in wastewa- Ganga Action Plans? ga belt - in Uttarakhand, NCR expertise and commitment to
Activated Sludge Process ter characteristics and season- Mr. Chopra: We would like (National Capital Region), and the ‘Clean Ganga’ mission from
(ASP) is a proven technology al changes. Furthermore, this to start off by saying that as an Bihar. a sustainability perspective.
that has been in application technology helps resolve a key Indian multinational, we are First, the Rs. 296 crore re- We are keenly looking at up-
for decades now. WABAG with challenge in Indian cities today proud to partner in our Prime habilitation and upgrada- coming projects to partner for
its in-house capabilities and - low land availability. Minister’s vision to clean Riv- tion project for a 186 MLD the nation’s welfare and pros-
global credentials provides a For the sustainability of any er Ganga through the flagship wastewater treatment plant perity.

56 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Central Event Management Solution to
Improve Water Efficiency at Brisbane Airport
Represents deployment of TaKaDu’s digital technology in a non-utility entity.
strengthen our visibility, in-
crease operational efficiency
and reduce water losses,” Mr.
Tangri said.
Amir Peleg, TaKaDu’s
Founder & CEO, said, “We’re
delighted to add BAC to our
portfolio, demonstrating how
our core value proposition can
apply to many types of net-
work operations. Operating
like mini-cities, airports are
a perfect example of entities
that can benefit from our cen-
tralized software solution. As
a SaaS-based system, our solu-
tion can help them get up and
running in a very short time.”

Brisbane Airport
Corporation (BAC)
BAC is the operator of Bris-
bane Airport (BNE), gateway
to Queensland and the third
largest airport in Australia by
Brisbane Airport Corporation is Deploying TaKaDu’s Central Event Management in its Water Network passenger numbers.

TAKADU RECENTLY 2,700-hectare site, supplying
announced that Brisbane Air- 300+ businesses and more ects at other locations?
port Corporation (BAC) in than 23.4 million people every Smart Water & Waste Amir: The Brisbane Airport contract is a
Australia, is deploying TaKa- year. great example of how large enterprises and
Du’s Central Event Manage- World Exclusive facilities (like airports or other campuses) can
ment solution to improve the Mayur Sharma interacted with Amir Peleg use TaKaDu’s technology to monitor their wa-
efficiency of its water network (Founder and CEO, TaKaDu) about this proj- ter network and enhance their efficiency.
operations and reduce water ect... This is the first project like that for TaKaDu
loss. but we see an interest from other, similar en-
Based on big data analytics, Q. Please summarize the role of “Central tities around the world. Water efficiency is a
TaKaDu’s automated cloud- Event Management Solution” in this BAC challenge in many territories.
based service enables utilities project.
to detect, analyze and manage Amir: CEM will play a key role in increas- Q. What are some of the other software
network events and incidents ing visibility, increasing operational efficiency solutions which the airports around the
such as leaks, bursts, faulty and reducing water losses, as a single layer world can employ to improve water and
assets, operational failures, that combines all the events and incidents in wastewater efficiency?
and more. TaKaDu can also their water network - a central solution that Amir: TaKaDu’s CEM platform is seamlessly
be seamlessly integrated with will be used for all events! integrated with SCADA, enterprise and IT sys-
many other IT systems (asset CEM combines data and information from tems, including Enterprise Asset Management
management, CRM, etc.) and several sources, uses strong analytics to detect (EAM), CRM (call centers), AMI data, acoustic
other detection technologies anomalies, and integrates with other IT sys- loggers, and more. These can all be used by
(for example acoustic). “Having the ability to detect tems to provide a single layer of information airports for improving water efficiency.
Krishan Tangri, General faults or operational failures about events and incidents for smarter deci- However, we cannot comment on what solu-
Manager Assets, Brisbane as soon as possible to pre- sions. tions are already deployed. What we do see is
Airport Corporation (BAC) vent service interruptions is a growing trend that with more and more data
said, “BAC manages a water critically important, so we’re Q. What are the challenges, and timelines accumulated, there is a need for strong analyt-
network spanning 49 kilome- very pleased to have TaKaDu’s of BAC project? Have you done similar proj- ics i.e. TaKaDu.
ters across Brisbane Airport’s digital technology to help us

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 57

Yorkshire Sculpture Park Selects WPL
Wastewater Treatment
• WPL HiPAF® selected for the prestigious £3.6m visitor center.
• The environmentally sensitive project required a resilient system.
• RIBA-accredited CPD seminar led to the contract.

Royal Institute of British Ar- pact on the site, fitting sym-
chitects (RIBA) and explains pathetically into the historic
the options available when landscape which boasts works
mains sewerage is not possi- by Barbara Hepworth, Henry
ble. Moore, and Andy Goldswor- We are pleased
The Environment Agen- thy. The Weston includes a to have been
cy consent for YSP required restaurant, gallery, public foy-
high-quality discharge to the er and shop and is set into a selected to
River Dearne and WPL pro- hillside in a former quarry. provide the
vided a high specification Dominic Hamblin said, wastewater
two-tank modular WPL HiPAF “This project has been a plea-
- high performance aerated sure to work on. I’m very proud treatment
filter - treatment system. The that WPL is playing a role in system for
WPL Provided a High Specification Two-Tank Modular WPL HiPAF
HiPAF was installed by Alive bringing more people to York- Yorkshire
Construction along with du- shire Sculpture Park by provid-
Treatment System to Deliver High Quality Discharge for YSP. Image Sculpture Park’s
Courtesy of YSP.
inspiring new
WASTEWATER TREAT- urally ventilated and features visitor center.
MENT SPECIALIST WPL has an air-source heat pump and a
supplied a packaged waste- dense green roof. It also incor- This contract
water treatment system for porates a pioneering low-en- builds on our
Yorkshire Sculpture Park’s new ergy environmental control success in
£3.6 million visitor center. The system to maintain favorable
prestigious outdoor gallery in conditions in the gallery all the tourism
Wakefield, West Yorkshire, the year round. and leisure
largest of its kind in Europe, Hampshire-based WPL market where
will open its new center, to be was originally approached by
known as The Weston, on 30th buildings and services con- seasonal flows,
March 2019. sultancy Skelly & Couch fol- environmental
Designed by award-winning lowing a lunch-and-learn CPD protection, and
architectural practice Feilden seminar with technical sales
& Fowles, which specializes in manager Dominic Hamblin. visual aesthetics
environmentally sustainable The WPL Off-Mains Drainage Artists Impression of the Weston at YSP. Image Courtesy of YSP. are major
buildings, The Weston is nat- Seminar is accredited by the considerations
ty-standby blowers and GSM ing wastewater treatment for
telemetry, also provided by this stunning new visitor cen- for our clients
WPL, to give extra resilience. ter and returning a steady flow and their
The bespoke system is de- of high quality treated water to customers.”
signed for a maximum flow of the environment.”
18 m3/d, discharge of 22 kg/d Peter Murray CBE, Execu- - Gareth Jones,
biological oxygen demand tive and Founding Director Managing Director,
(BOD) and 3 kg/d ammonia. of YSP said: “We’re excited to WPL Ltd.
YSP welcomes 500,000 visitors complete construction on The
annually and required a system Weston which is an important
that could manage the seasonal part of Yorkshire Sculpture creasing visitor income.
fluctuations in load while com- Park’s future. The new center is “We are very grateful to the
plementing the environmental a reflection of our ambition to many different organizations
ambitions of the wider project. increase long-term resilience who have made this project
Most importantly, the un- and sustainability by building possible, including our visitors
The Weston Visitor Centre Under Construction at YSP. Image Courte-
derground treatment system audiences, further developing who have provided invaluable
sy of YSP ©Jonty Wilde.
makes a minimal visual im- our artistic programme and in- support.”

58 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
NETZSCH Pumpen & Systeme
FND Science and Technology Group
FND atmospheric Air Water Generator is a high-
NETZSCH tech product which is using physical tech to absorb
Pumpen & Sys- and purify water from the air, then processing it
teme GmbH has into high-quality drinking water.
announced the FND’s AWGs use 3-layer air filtration, 4-layer to
new N.Mac™ 8-layer water filtration exclusive patent (high-effi-
Tw i n - S h a f t ciency modified molecular sieve technology), and
Grinder, de- water molecule activation technology to remove
signed to protect harmful substances and make water fresh, safe and
pumps and pro- taste good.
cesses. The N. It has been used in manned spacecrafts “Shen-
Mac is designed zhou 5” and “Shenzhou 10”. Its water quality is in
to fragment a compliance with the World Health Organization’s 6
variety of mate- major criteria for healthy drinking water and drink-
rials and is ideal ing water standards in developed countries.
for wastewater
treatment, bio- analog, discrete, and serial signals you need at any plants, expand existing facilities or retrofit unreliable
gas and biomass location. Many industrial automation applications membrane products with this small configurable se-
plants, food, an- require communication between the controller and ries with integrated aeration to allow for geometrical
imal processing, multiple serial devices. This new module provides and design flexibility. ZeeWeed 500M for Micro-Flow
and other waste four independent and isolated serial ports for this Systems: A unique UF hollow-fiber membrane for ul-
and industrial purpose, communicating with RS-232 or RS-485 tra-low flow systems, unique applications or research
applications. serial devices. Up to 4 modules can be installed in efforts to directly model the quality and performance
Available in one groov EPIC chassis, providing a total of 16 se- of the larger 500 product.
both channel rial ports to support these communication require-
and inline (flanged) housing construction, the N.Mac ments. The rugged module operates in temperatures Val-Matic Valve &
can be installed into effluent channels or upstream from-20 to 70 °C (-40 to 85 °F) and relative humidity.
from a pump. Complementing existing NETZSCH The GRV-CSERI-4 I/O modules are hot-swappable - Manufacturing Corp.
product lines, the N.Mac expands grinding technol- which means they can be installed or removed with-
ogy offerings, providing an upstream application to out turning off the unit or stopping control - and
core NETZSCH pump technology. Models feature self-identifying; as soon as you mount the module
from 1 to 6 cutter cartridges per shaft. Available acces- on the chassis, it communicates to the processor and
sories include a control panel to ensure operator and identifies itself. Each module is factory tested twice
equipment safety, a cutter cartridge cleaner that keeps before shipment and is guaranteed for 30 months.
the area free to cut and allows fluid passage, and a
transmission shaft extension that elevates the electric SUEZ Water Technologies &
motor to above the fluid limit.
Opto 22
S U E Z ,
through its
Water Tech-
nologies &
Solutions busi-
ness unit, has
introduced the
expansion of
its ZeeWeed Val-Matic’s Swing-Flex® Check Valves are de-
500 family of signed for many years of maintenance free service.
membranes The Swing-Flex® Check Valve has a non-clog design
to address the with only one moving part and a short, 35° stroke
needs of small- provides fast closure to minimize slamming and
er membrane slam related surges. It is constructed of ductile iron
bioreactor with cold working pressures up 250 psi making it
(MBR) plants. ideal for systems where traditional 125 lb. valves
With the ad- were unsuitable and for those where surges may be a
dition of two concern. The valve design and performance has been
ZeeWeed 500 products, SUEZ is making this trusted, verified through an independent 1,000,000 cycle
Opto 22 has released the groov serial I/O mod- reinforced hollow-fiber ultrafiltration (UF) membrane test. The valves smooth, unrestricted flow path makes
ule, GRV-CSERI-4. This module plugs into a groov available for all municipal, commercial and industrial it an excellent choice for sludge and slurries. Swing-
EPIC® chassis alongside Opto 22’s new groov Edge applications at any flow range - from micro-sized to Flex® Check Valves are both NSF/ANSI 372 Certified
Programmable Industrial Controller (EPIC) and dis- mega-sized wastewater treatment plants. ZeeWeed Lead-Free, NSF/ANSI 61 Certified for Drinking Water
crete and analog I/O modules, to provide the mix of 500S for Small Simple Systems: Build greenfield and are designed and manufactured to AWWA C508.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 59

LANXESS Invests in Production for Ion Exchange Resins
in Germany
• I nvestment of seven-figure EUR amount.
• The project to be completed in the first half of 2019.
rification Technologies (LPT)
business unit is one of the
world’s most important pro-
viders of water treatment solu-
In addition to ion exchange
resins, the specialty chemicals
company offers membrane
filter elements for reverse os-
mosis and ultrafiltration mem-
LANXESS is one of very
few companies to offer these
two different, complementary
water treatment technologies
from a single source.
In addition to Leverkusen,
the business unit operates fur-
ther plants for the production
of ion exchange resins in Bit-
terfeld, Germany, and in Jhaga-
dia, India.
Moreover, LANXESS manu-
factures reverse osmosis mem-
brane filters in Bitterfeld.
ins help in removing selected The LPT business unit is
LANXESS is a leading specialty chemicals company heavy metals, such as mercury A Leading Provider headed by Bettina Blottko and
with sales of EUR 9.7 billion in 2017 and about 19,200 and cadmium, and organic pol- of Water Treatment employs around 530 people
employees in 25 countries. The company is currently rep- lutants from both groundwater Solutions worldwide, with roughly 120
resented at 73 production sites worldwide. and industrial wastewater. The LANXESS Liquid Pu- of those in Leverkusen.

SPECIALTY CHEMICALS polymer beads that absorb un-
COMPANY LANXESS is in- desirable substances in fluids. “For our ion ex-
vesting in its ion exchange Depending on the substance, change resins busi-
resin production facility at differently functionalized ness, we see great po-
the Leverkusen, Germany, site. beads are used. tential in numerous
The company is optimizing its Possible household appli- future-oriented in-
process technology and oper- cations include, for example, dustries. We intend
ating efficiency for a seven-fig- softening water in dishwash- to make even better
ure EUR amount. The project ers and cartridges in house- use of this potential
is scheduled for completion in hold water filters. Here, ion by optimizing our
the first half of 2019. exchange resins remove unde- technology,” said
Demand for ion exchange sired calcium and magnesium Rainier van Roessel,
resins is, for example, rising in salts or lead and copper ions member of the Board
the battery industry, driven in from tap water. This improves of Management at
particular by the trend toward the quality and taste of the LANXESS AG. “At
electromobility. drinking water. the same time, with
The metals essential for In power plants, the polymer this investment, we
battery cell production - lithi- beads are used in the produc- are further strength-
um, nickel, and cobalt - can be tion of highly purified water ening the position of
extracted by means of ion ex- and steam. Deposits and corro- the Leverkusen site
change resins. sion can thereby be prevented as the heart of our
and efficiency, operational safe- production opera-
Little All-Rounders ty, and service life increased. tions in Germany.”
Ion exchange resins are Furthermore, ion exchange res- Dr. Rainier Van Roessel

60 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Experienced Telford Team Launches Broad-Based
Engineering Services
Telford Engineering Solutions Pty Ltd (known as TES) is a diversified multi-
disciplined design, modelling, drafting, and engineering organization, providing
solutions within the mechanical, structural, civil, electrical, environmental, mining,
energy, municipal, material handling, wastewater, waste-to-energy, and recycling
Engineer Dennis Pomfret of
Dennis Pomfret Engineering
and the Managing Director of
TW Woods Construction, Tom
Woods. Chute Technology
and TES team members have
Using cutting-
been involved in major recent edge design
resources and infrastructure and modeling
projects, including coal loader
capacity upgrades, municipal
technology, our
and state marine infrastruc- highly trained
ture design and construction and experienced
projects and the rehabilitation,
recommissioning and process
design drafting
improvement of Glencore’s In- and detail
tegra mine. drafting team
Gary Telford (Centre), with Team Members (From Left) Doug Read, Senior Draftsperson, Daniel Wade, Senior Draftsper-
son, Megan Abercrombie, Electrical Draftsperson, and Kim Flanagan, Administration Manager
The TES team, working with
long-established partners, has
also been involved in projects conceptual and
AN ENGINEERING TEAM design to create measurable rial handling projects. These for companies such as Delta layout designs,
with decades of experience in
major resources, construction,
profitability and productivity
for clients,” says TES Manag-
range from the design and
implementation of new facili-
Energy, Incitec Pivot, water
and wastewater authorities,
and infrastructure projects ing Director and Lead Design ties, through to upgrades and Integra Coal, Laing O’Rourke, modelling,
has formed a new company to Engineer, Gary Telford. modifications to existing ma- Xstrata and surface and un- workshop and
offer broad-based and cost-ef-
ficient solutions to start-up,
“Our advantages to clients
in the established industry as
terial handling systems across
a number of industrial and
derground mining companies
throughout Australia includ-
as-built drawings
refurbishment, site revitaliza- well as growing new recycling resource sectors, including re- ing iron ore producers in the incorporating
tion, and process improve- and environment-focused cycling, coal and iron ore,” he Pilbara and coal companies in various projects
ment projects nationally.
“We deliver a broad range
sectors include our multidis-
ciplinary skills, combined
The TES team is also an in-
“Our understanding of the
for plant,
of skills and experience from with our proven experience dustry innovator, designing special requirements of high- equipment,
one source, offering skilled across a broad range of mate- and developing concepts such er-level design - together with manufacturing,
as modular conveyor systems
that save time and money in
the ability and experience of
our design team to anticipate
and construction.
bringing mining, materials critical design requirements - - Gary Telford,
handling and waste-to-energy ensures project efficiency and Managing Director
projects to fruition, even on re- success.”
mote sites and on sites where TES’ design modelling, & Lead Design
custom-engineering would design drafting and detail Engineer, TES
involve extensive engineering drafting team skills include
and delay. Structural Drafting; Mechan- Drafting; Building Services
TES will also continue and ical Drafting; Civil Drafting; Drafting; and Fire Equipment
expand its team’s long associ- Electrical Drafting; Materials and Evacuation Plan Drafting.
ation with major clients and Handling Drafting; Conveyor TES works directly with
partners in the resources and Drafting; DEM (Discrete Ele- major organizations requiring
infrastructure sector, includ- ment Method) Modelling Re- process innovation as well as
ing particularly the Chute views; Transfers, Chute, Hop- with partners requiring a pro-
Technology Group, of which per and Bin Drafting; Mobile active, broad-based and prov-
Gary Telford is a Joint Founder, Mining Equipment Drafting; en team to complement their
along with Materials Handling QDS Compatible Equipment own capabilities.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 61

4th India Industry Water Conclave 2018
& 6th FICCI Water Awards
November 1, New Delhi, India

FICCI Water Awards
• ITC Maurya was awarded the first prize in the category of
‘Industrial Water Efficiency’.
• In ‘Innovation in Water Technology’, the first position
was jointly shared by Transchem Agritech Pvt Ltd and
Watsan Envirotech Pvt Ltd. The third position was bagged
by NTPC Limited.
• HSBC - WASH Project, in partnership with South Asian
Forum for Environment (SAFE) - won the first prize in the
‘Community Initiatives by industry’ category.
• In the Category ‘Urban Wastewater Management’, the first
prize was received by Surat Municipal Corporation.

son, FICCI Water Mission and frameworks, use of sprinkler
Past President, FICCI, spoke of irrigations and underground
the need to bring technology pipelines can be effective tools
and innovation in the policy for sustainable management.
space so that innovations could Arun Lakhani, Chairman
flourish and business models and Managing Director, Vish-
on water use could be created. varaj Infrastructure Ltd., said
Speaking on ‘Policy Reforms that there is a need for greater
Towards Sustainable Water accountability for water and
Management’, Shashi Shekhar, also a need for telescopic tariff
INAUGURATING THE 4TH of India) said, “The severity The focus must, therefore, Former Secretary, Ministry of and metering.
Edition of ‘India Industry Wa- of water scarcity is real as the shift to managing demand, he Water Resources, RD & GR, Rajneesh Chopra, Global
ter Conclave on Sustainable rate of groundwater extraction said and emphasized the need Government of India, said Head - Business Development,
Water Management’ & the is 200% more than the rate at for incentivizing water use ef- that the role of the private sec- VA Tech WABAG Ltd. spoke of
6th Edition of FICCI Water which it is being recharged. ficiency in agriculture and in- tor was crucial in sustainable the importance of introducing
Awards, organized by FICCI Further, the days of building dustry groundwater manage- water management. KC Naik, ratings for water use applianc-
in association with the Minis- large dams are numbered as ment through water budgeting Chairman, Central Ground es for effective water conser-
try of Water Resources, River the best sites have already at the panchayat level. He also Water Board, mentioned the vation and management, and
Development & Ganga Reju- been utilized, construction released the ‘FICCI Compen- importance of demand-side credit rating of municipalities,
venation, UP Singh, (Secretary, costs have skyrocketed and dium of Best Practices: Rec- management and added that integrating water and waste-
Ministry of Water Resources, land acquisition and rehabili- ognizing Excellence in Water extensive education of stake- water management to achieve
River Development & Ganga tation and resettlement costs Management & Conservation’ holders, change of cropping circularity.
Rejuvenation, Government have made projects unviable.” and felicitated the winners of pattern, the creation of market
the FICCI Water Awards.
Dr. Mihir Shah, Chair of the
Jury for FICCI Water Awards,
President, Bharat Rural Liveli-
hood Foundation and former
Member, Planning Commis-
sion, said the awards were an
exemplar of the innovations
that can address the water
challenges of the 21st century,
and carry examples that can
be emulated throughout the
Naina Lal Kidwai, Chairper-

62 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

November 16-17, Hyderabad, India
The conference was attended by over 270 delegates, which was 25% more from last
year, drawn from the government and industry.

as utility management, water They exchanged ideas on
supply regulations - drivers making the water sector more
and reality, rural water supply inclusive and diverse.
& sanitation, recovery, reuse & Majority of the attendees at
sustainability, and water sec- the AICE’18 said that the tech-
tor - lessons learned & oppor- nical content of the conference
tunities. was excellent and covered a
Presentations touched upon diverse set of topics ranging
the most pressing challeng- across the spectrum of water
es faced by India including and wastewater management.
non-revenue Water, ensuring This is what the attendees
clean and safe drinking water, had to say after the AICE’18
policy and regulations for the conference: “Please conduct
water, etc. these type of conferences at
Various innovative technol- least once in two months in
ogies were presented to help Hyderabad”, “Very good ef-
Panel Discussion (from left to right): David LaFrance - CEO - American Water Works Association, Dr. Jeeva-
nanda Reddy - Former Chief Technical Advisor - WMO/UN & Expert - FAO/UN, Sanjay Kamat - Chair AW-
WAIndia & VP Corporate Initiatives & Strategy - Tata Projects, Dr. DM Mohan – Consultant - World Bank on
Rural and Urban Water Supply & Sanitation, Dr. M Satyanarayana - Executive Director - Hyderabad Metro-
politan Water Supply & Sewerage Board (HMWSSB), and Dr. G Rameshwar Rao - Chairman - IEI Hyderabad

THE AMERICAN WATER ties, practicing engineers and AWWA; and Sanjay Kamat,
Works Association, India orga- academicians in order to find Chair, AWWAIndia Strategic
nized its second international innovative solutions for the Board interacted with leaders
annual conference ‘AICE’18 - challenges facing the water from HMWSSB, CMWSSB,
Total Water Solutions’ in India industry. RWS, GHMC, PHED, Foun-
on 16-17th November 2018 in The conference was attend- dation for Futuristic Cities,
Hyderabad. ed by over 270 delegates, World Bank, and many more
Pursuant with its stated which was 25% more from distinguished attendees over a
goal, AICE’18 endeavored to last year, drawn from the gov- period of two days. Delegates at AICE’18
unite the Indian water indus- ernment and industry. David The conference had over
try with an objective to bring LaFrance, CEO, AWWA; Jim 25 presentations classified solve some of these challenges. forts to focus on water-related
together policy-makers, utili- Williams, Incoming President, under various sessions such The 2nd ‘Women’s Network- problems”, “Conference was
ing Forum’ was organized on lively and exciting in all way”,
the sidelines of AICE’18. The and “An event with Technical
attendance of women water Invoice”.
professionals jumped by 42%
from last year.

Some of the key speakers included Karuna Gopal, Presi-
dent, Foundation for Futuristic Cities; K Ashok Natarajan,
CEO, Tamil Nadu Water Investment Company Ltd; Dr. M
Satyanarayana, Executive Director, Hyderabad Metropoli-
tan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (HMWSSB); Meena
Narula - Country Director, Water For People India; Dr. T
Prabhushankar, IAS, Executive Director, Chennai Met-
ropolitan Water Supply and Sewerage Board (CMWSSB);
and DG Sonwane, Group Sector Head, Built Environment
- Tata Consulting Engineers Ltd.
Women’s Networking Forum: David LaFrance with All Attendees

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD December 2018 63

XII World Aqua Congress
November 22-23, New Delhi, India
‘Aqua Excellence Awards’ were key-highlight of the event. These awards are given
to promote, encourage, and recognize innovations and contributions in the field of
environment, and humanity.
Following eminent person- Lifetime Achievement Award
alities from various fields ad- Justice Swatanter Kumar (Retd.) was conferred upon Life
dressed the gathering during Time Achievement award for his contributions towards the
the inaugural session: cause of environment while working as chairperson of Na-
• Dr. Sanjay Rana, Chairman, tional Green Tribunal.
Aqua Foundation
• VK Kanjliya, Secretary, Cen-
tral Board of Irrigation &
• Dr. DK Chadha, Former
THE AQUA FOUNDATION, The technical committee of Chairman, CGWA/CGWB
India organized its twelfth the congress received more and Chair Prof & Chairman,
World Aqua conference than 200 abstracts of scien- Manav Rachna International
(Theme: Enhancing Water Use tific papers this year - cover- University
Efficiency) in New Delhi, India ing different themes of the • Dr. PR Swarup, Director Gen-
from 22-23 November 2018. conference from more than 9 eral, Construction Industry
countries. Out of these, 23 full Development Council

papers were invited for inclu- • A
 B Pandya, Former Chair-
sion in the conference deliber- man CWC and Secretary

IN CONVERSATION NGO. We felt that there was cally all the aspects of water
Mayur Sharma talked to a great need for information efficiency. Talking about the
Dr. Sanjay Rana, Chairman, sharing, knowledge dissemi- industry support though, it is
Aqua Foundation about the nation, and capacity building still very limited. We can even
event... in the field of water and envi- call it cold in terms of exhibit-
ronment. The motivation was ing and giving tech-talks.
Q. What is the motivation to bring all stakeholders at one The most special things
behind organizing this event place - one platform - so that about World Aqua Congress
every year? a regular dialogue could take is that whatever recommenda-
Dr. Rana: I personally be- place. That passion is still alive. tions we draw from here, we ICID-CIID bunal
lieve that in life anything which That drives us and keep us mo- send it to various ministries, • S Masood Husain, Chairman, Aqua Foundation is a
you are doing with passion tivated. and then try to follow it up, so Central Water Commission Non-Governmental Organiza-
- you are able to do that in a that they actually come up in • UP Singh, Secretary, Minis- tion working on key aspects of
consistent manner. The World Q. Your comments on this their policy document. Hence, try of Water Resources, River humanity. It was founded in the
Aqua Congress was started by year’s event and its results? the positive developments in Development and Ganga Re- year 1998. Aqua Foundation
a group of people who were Dr. Rana: We have got good that regard give us the maxi- juvenation, GOI has been organizing interna-
passionate about water. Water quality technical papers this mum satisfaction and encour- • Justice Swatanter Kumar tional conference ‘World Aqua
is not our business. We are an year. We are covering holisti- agement. (Retd.) and Former Chair- Congress’ since the year 2007.
person, National Green Tri-

64 December 2018 SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

Making Every Drop Count

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