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xkd ah -umifah omufavaoumufav iwfrajyqko d uJo
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vkud w f muG,f rr &J &h q D yf(csf) atmifjrif,ifav *sL;udk rr wuUov dk b f GJ &h wJh txd ulnaD xmuf
yHo
h mG ;r,f/ avmavmq,fawmh *sL;udk armfawmfqidk u f ,f0,fay;r,f *sL; eJe&J u S af eao;w,f eJ h
wlw,f/ r&Suyf geJ u h mG rrawmifr&Suw f [ hJ m/ vm *sL; ukwifay:rSm okawoevky&f atmif
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu a&S ah qmifjyD; *sL;udk ac:vmonf? ukwif em;a&mufawmh
a'gwmcifjrwfarmfu ol t h uFsD ESihf vkcH snfwdk u h kd cGswfvu dk jf yD;/ teufa&mif AvmZD,mESihf yifwaD v;
omusefawmhonf? *sL;uvnf; tht H m;oifah om t-unfjh zifh -unfv h u dk rf od nf? ol. vD;-uD;uvnf;
qwfueJjzpfjyD; ydIk awmifvmawmhonf?
tkd *sL;&J v h ;D -uD;uawmh urBmph cH sderf yDS J *sL;
*sL;r&Suef J ah emf rr wefqm[m/ b,favmufeufw,f/ b,favmufcEH idk &f nf&w dS ,fqw dk mudk
okawoevky&f atmif/ xkid f *sL;
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu *sL;ESirhf sufEmS csif;qkid f &yfvu dk cf g ol . h teufa&mif AvmZD,mav;ESihf
yifwaD v;udk cGswfcsypfvu dk o f nf? xkd ah emufrmS awmh a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu olr. oef ph ifatmif
&dyxf m;aom *wk;H jzpfaeonfh apmufzw k jf zLjzLav;-um;rS axmifxu G af eaom apmufapheeD aD v;udk
*sL;u -unfjh zpfomG ;onf? olruvnf; -uD;rm;&Snv f sm; wkwcf idk o f efprG ;f aom vD;-uD;udak phaph-unfh
,if;/ vufjzihu f ikd cf g ol rh . apmufywft0wGif awhxm;ay;vku d af wmhonf? vD;-uD;rSmvnf;
wqwfqwfjzpfaeonf/ wpfu,fawmh *sL;onf a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfukd wtm;vk;d csifaejyDjzpfonf?
okd ah omf olr b,fvdk okawoevkyrf nfukd odvadk oma-umifh tvku d o f ihf jidrIf -unfah erdonf?
*sL; rrwefqmxJukd *sL;&J v h ;D -uD;udk ajz;ajz;xk;d xJ-h unfah emf
*sL;uvnf; olrajymonft h wkid ;f waoGrwdr;f ajz;ajz;jcif;xk;d xnfh vku d o
f nf?
olr. apmufywfxrJ S umra&S ah jy;t&nf-unfrsm;a-umifh tvG,w f ulyif 0ifomG ;awmhonf?
tqk;H xd0ifomG ;jyDvm; *sL;
[kwu f hJ rr tqk;H xdbJ
'gjzifjh yefEw + v f u dk af wmh *sL;
*sL;u ol v h ;D -uD;udk rE+wcf sifEw + cf sifEiS hf jyefEw
+ v f u
dk &f onf?
rr olawoeatmifjyD *sL; / uJ rxl;awmhygbl;&,f rrudk cscsifaeao;w,f r[kw k v
f m;
*sL;&J v h ;D -uD;udk olru apmufywfwiG f wpfzefjyefI awhay;vku d o f nf? *sL;uvnf; ol v h ;D -uD;
eJ x
h ;dk oGi;f jyD; aqmifv h ;dk vku d af wmhonf?
twef-umatmifaqmifv h ;dk vku d af omtcgwGiaf wmh *sL;.vD;rS okw&f nfrsm; apmufywfxo J dk h
0ifomG ;awmhonf? *sL;jyD;oGm;onfukd a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu odvu dk o f nf/ xkd ah -umifh *sL;. cg;udk
zufxm;,if; ajymvku d o f nf?
*sL; vD;udk 'Dtwkid ;f xnfx h m;aemf awmf-um,if *sL;&J v h ;D u jyefawmifvmvdrrhf ,f/ tJ'aD wmh
wpfcgxyf csay;aemf [kwv f m;
[kwu f rhJ r/ rroabmyg
*sL; csvkd ah umif;&J v h m;
odyaf umif;wmbJ rr&,f
'gqk,d if nwkid ;f vm csay;aemf
[kwu f rhJ r/ rrcHcsifwhJ tcsdef ra&G;vmr,fav
xkod dk ah jymaepOf/ *sL;&J v h ;D u awmifvmonf? rr'l;ESpv f ;dk axmifay;r,f *sL;urr yg;ck;H
ESpzf ufukd wpftm;zufjyD; aqmifah y;awmhaemf/ *sL;u olrajymonft h wkid ;f yg;ck;H ESpzf ufukd vufjzifh
odr;f zufjyD; wpftm;aqmifv h ;dk awmhonf? tm; tifh tifh qko d nfh toHEiS hf twl
a'gufwmcifjrwarmf wpfa,muf umr t&omawG&v dS mawmhonf?
*sL;&J v h ;D eJ x h ;dk vku d w
f idk ;f apmufacgif;xJrmS om;tdru f kd vmjyD;aqmifrh o d nfh twGuaf wmh
emusifpmG cHpm;ae&ayr,fh t&omxl;a-umifo h m t&rf;cHvdk ah umif;aeonf?
*sL;&,f cyfememav;om; aqmifah y;yg/ rr odycf v H dk ah umif;aejyD uGm
xkd ah -umifh *sL;uvnf; ol. jrif;vD;avmuf&adS om awmifrwfaeonfh vD;ESihf wpftm;ukef
aqmifhvkd;aeonf?
jrefjrefaqmifh ay;ygawmh *sL;&,f/ rrodyaf umif;aejyD / rrjyD;awmhr,f
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfonfvnf; ajymajymqkq d Edk iS yhf if olr. apmufywfxrJ S apmuf&nfrsm;
wtm;ukex f u G u
f svm,if;ESihf wpfcsDjyD;oGm;awmhonf? *sL;uvnf; cyfjrefjrefxyfaqmifh vku d af om
tcgwGiaf wmh olr. apmufacgif;twGi;f odk h *sL;. okw&f nfrsm;udk yef;xnfv h udk af wmhonf?
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu *sL;&iftyk u f kd rGwo f yf,if;ESihf
odyaf umif;wmbJ *sL;&,f/ *sL;&J v h ;D -uD;udk rrawmh t&rf;pGo J mG ;jyD
uGsefawmh vD;u 'Davmuf-uD;aewm bmvkd v h /J odvm;rr
rodb;l av / bmjzpfvdk v h J
'Dvrdk r&J /h ygygeJ ch ifwhJ vl-uD;wpfa,mufu ol v h ;D -uD;atmifvdk q h jdk yD; zefjyGe-f uD;wpfcek J h
yku
d v f ;Hk wpfck ygwJ u h &d , d meJ v h yk w f ,f/ aemufawmh uGsefawmhukd vnf; prf;-unfyh gvm;qkjd yD;awmh
tJ'hD ud&, d mudk vufaqmifay;oGm;vkd /h uGsefawmfvnf; prf;oyf,if;eJ 'h aD vmufv;D -uD;jzpfvm
awmhwm rr&J h
'ga-umifh rr aumif;zkd jh zpfvmawmhwmayghaemf
ae w h idk ;f om rrudk vmcsay;ygawmh *sL;&,f
awm-um rruom rvmygeJ ah wmhvdk ah jymaerSm pk;d &drw f myg
atmifrav; olu wufaevku d w
f maemf
usGeaf wmhv;D -uD; jyefawmifvmjyefjyD rr&,f
awmifawmh bmvkycf sifvdk v h J
awmifawmh rrudk 'Dv;D -uD;eJ h vk;d csifwmaygh
ajymajymqkq d Edk iS hf olru/ aysmhajymif;oG,v f sS aom vufrsm;jzifh *sL;.vD;-uD;udk qkyu f ikd v
f udk f
cg*Gi;f wku d af y;ae,if;/ pdwrf xdr;f Ekid jf zpfvmum/ vD;-uD;udk t&if;u udik cf g pkyv f u dk af wmhonf?
-uD;rm;aom 'pf udk yg;pyfxJ 0ifatmifawmif reJx;dk xnfh ae&onf/ useftykid ;f rsm;udk vnf;
*Gi;f wkud af y;aeaoma-umifh *sL;rSm tawmfyift&om&So d mG ;jyD;/ vD;rSmvnf; -uD;onfxuf ydIk -uD;
vmawmhonf? wpfcgwpf&w H iG f wJaG vmif;usaeaom a*G;OESpv f ;Hk udv
k nf; yg;pyfxw J iG if cHk g/ vSsmjzifh
txJwiG f uvday;wwfonf/ tawmfvnf; wwfEifkd o f nfh a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfyif?
*sL;uvnf; rwfwwf&yfvsS uf vD;pkycf aH e,if;rSvnf; olr. -uD;rm;zGH jh zdK;aom Ekd Eh pS v f ;Hk udk
y,fy,fe,fe,fuikd af y;,if;/ Ekd o h ;D acgif;av;udk vnf; vufjzifh yGwaf jcay;ojzifh
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfrmS vnf; zDvifawGwufvmcg/ vD;udv k nf;wufEidk o f rSs taumif;qk;H jzpf
vmatmif pkyaf y;aerdawmhonf?
tm; aumif;vku d w f m rr&,f [kajym,if;ESihf olr.acgif;ud, k f vufEpS zf ufjzifq h , JG u l m/
yg;pyfukd vD;jzifv h ;dk awmhonf? xkt d cg a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufrmS vnf; -uD;rm;&Snv f sm;
aomvD;jzifh yg;pyfwiG f xk;d xnfh tvk;d cH&onft h wGu/f tmacgiftwGi;f odk ah &mufvmxdrad oma-umifh
ydsK t h efcsifpw d rf sm;ESit hf wl / tpf tpf [kaomtoHrsm;yif xGuv f mawmhonf? xkd ah emufwiG af wmh
*sL;u vD;udk jyefxw k v f u dk jf yD; / a'gufwmcifjrwfarmftm; qG, J rl cg/ ukwifay:wGif av;zufaxmuf
umzifukef;ckdif;vkdufonf?
rr&,f *sL;udk ukwifay:rSm av;zufaxmufjyD;/ zifuek ;f ay;ygvm; [if
tif; uke;f ay;r,fav/ *sL;oabmyguGm
xkd ah emufwiG af wmh rif;-uD;-udKwfu, dk v f ;Hk ydik &f iS /f a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfrmS vnf; *k%t f qifh
twrf;ESihf t&Suf odumQ ud, k f xnfrh wGuEf idk af wmhw/hJ w%Smaus;uGsefwpfa,muftjzpfjzifyh if ukwif
ay:wGif olr. t&if;wkwIf tzsm;oG,af om aygifwef&n S rf sm;udk tpGr;f ukejf zJum/ ao;usifaom
cg;ESihf pGiu hf m;-uD;rm;aom zif om;qkid -f uD;rsm;udk avxJwiG 0f aJ eatmifu, kd f zGix
hf m;/ pGiu hf m;
ay;vku d af wmhonf? qkv d o dk nfrmS awmh *sL;oabm&Sd qkad om toGiu f kd aqmifaeawmhonf? xkd t h wl
yif *sL;uvnf;/ wwfonfyh nmrsm;udk tpGr;f ukejf y&eftm;cJxm;aoma-umif/h olr. zifaemufbuf
ykid ;f wGiaf qmifah -umifx h idk vf u dk cf g/ apmufarG;rsm;&dyx f m;I pdr;f jrjrjzpfaejyD;/ jyJtm yGix hf u G af eaom/
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmf. apmufzw k Ef w+ cf rf;om;rsm;udk wpfzufu vufn;Sd vufrwkd Eh iS hf jzJcg/
usefvufwpfbufu vufcv,fjzifh cGsefIaxmifxaeaom taphav;udk vufjzifu h vday;awmhonf/
taphav;ud, k f vufcv,fjzifh yGwaf y;ae,if;u/ wpfcgwpf&w H iG v f nf; apmufacgif;twGi;f xJodk h
xk;d xnfu h m/ uvday; vufjzifv h ;dk ay;aeaoma-umif/h a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufrmS t-uD;
tus,faumif;vm,if;/ yg;pyfrv S nf; tif; tif; [if; ESiahf tmfjrnfaeawmhonf? xkd ah emufwiG f
awmh *sL;uvnf;/ a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfyrdk adk umif;vmap&ef apmufzw k Ef w
+ cf rf;om;rsm;udk vufEpS f
bufjzifjh zJI apmufaphav;udk vSsmjzifph wifvsS uf ay;vku d yf gawmhonf? xkad emuf apmufzw k af cgif;
twGi;f okd v h nf; *sL;.vSsmudk wwfEidk o f avmuf tqk;H xd0ifatmifx;dk xnfah y;,if; vSsmESiv hf ;dk ae
awmhonf? xkd t h wl yGit hf mvku d f jyefyw d vf u dk Ef iS hf &+H yh &G H+ yh G jzpfaeaom ziftayguf0av;udv k nf;
w%Smpdwjf yif;jyD;/ &G&H mS jcif;uif;rJu h m/ vSsmjzifyh if vSsufay;/ xk;d xnfah y;/ uvday;vku d af omtcgwGif
um;/ twkid ;f rod aom umrpdwrf sm;axmifxvmjyDjzpfwhJ a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufrmS awmh
olr. -uD;rm;pGiu hf m;aom zifom;qkid -f uD;rsm;ud/k ao;oG,af omcg;rSwpfqifh aemufodk yh gaumhay;
,if;/ wpfu, fkd v
f ;Hk xGef x h eG f v h ;l atmif/ wkecf gae,if;u/ yg;pyfrv S nf; w[if;[if; toHxu G v f mjyD;
*sL;&,f b,fvrdk sm;vkyaf ewmvJu, G /f rr &ifxu J tonf;awG/ tlawGawmif jyKwfxu G u f ek af wmh
rvm;/ atmufah rhae&atmifu, kd f cHpm;ae&w,f/ aumif;vGe;f vkd t h &rf;cHcsifvmjyD/ &Gp&d pG ed J jh zpfaejyD/
rrud, k f xyfjyD; rjiif;pJygeJ ah wmh *sL;&,f/ awmif;yefygw,f rrud, k f vk;d ay;ygawmhaemf ? [k
wke&f aD eaomtoHjzifh awmif;yefaeawmhonf? 'DawmhrS *sL;uvnf; ol. awmifrwfcg/ ta-umrsm;
tjydKif;jydKif;xaeaom jrif;vD;avmuf-uD;rm; vD;ukd wpfqqvky, f if;ESihf apmufywftuGaJ -umif;
wpfavSsmufyw G wf u dk , f if;/ ol v h ;D -uD;tm; wHawG;ESihf apmuf&nfrsm; pk&d v JG matmifvyk af eawmh
onf? xkd t h wl vD;'pfzsm;ESiv hf nf; apmufaphav;tm; yGww f udk cf g/ xyfrIH uvday;aeonf? xkt d cg
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfu/ *sL;&,f rrudk xyfjyD;rESyd pf ufygeJ ah wmhumG / rrawmif;yefygw,f/ rrud, k f
vk;d ay;ygawmhaemf? [k xyfraH wmif;qkv d u dk af om tcgwGiaf wmh *sL;u ol.vD;-uD;ykrd &dk n S x f u G v f m
ap&ef a*G;OESpv f ;Hk udk vufwpfbufjzifh aemufjyefvrS ;f qGx J m;,if;/ usefvufwpfbufjzifh a'gufwm
cifjrwfarmf. apmufzw k Ef w + cf rf;om;rsm;udk jzJjyD;/ &Snv f sS m;aom ol v h ;D udk wpfq;Hk xdatmifaqmifh
vk;d vkud yf gawmhonf? a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfrmS vnf; -uD;rm;&Snv f sm;aom vD;-uD;u rdr. d om;tdrf
tm;vma&muf aqmifrh ad oma-umifh Aku d x f u J atmifu h eJ a0'emESit hf wl/ x-uGaomif;usef;aejyDjzpf
aom umrpdww f dk .
h Ek;d aqmfr+ ah -umif/h apmufzw k rf S aumif;aomt&omyg/ wpfjydKifeufcpH m;,if;/
umryef;wkid u f kd ta&mufwufvrS ;f zkd -h udK;pm;ygawmhonf? okd ah omfvnf; a'gufwmcifjrwfarmf
wpfa,mufrmS awmh *sL;. -uD;rm;&Snv f sS m;aom vD;udk rjzKefbJ tqk;H xd0ifap&eftwGuf taemuf
okd yh g aumhay;aeao;awmhonf?
tm; tm; uGswf uGswf aumif;vku d w f m *sL;&,f/ aqmifyh g ememav;aqmifah y;ygaemf
xkd th wGuaf -umifh *sL;rSmvnf; tm;-udK;rmefwufEiS hf aqmifIh vk;d ay;ae&.? c%t-umwGif
rSmawmh
tm; vk;d vk;d yg*sL;&,f/ cyfjrefjrefaqmifv h u dk yf gawmh/ rr jyD;awmhr,fu, G f
tm; tm; [if;
*sL;onfvnf; a'gufwmcifjrwfarmf. wku d w f eG ;f csufa-umifh tm;yg;w& tcsufEpS q f ,fcef h
qufwu dk af qmifah y;vku d &f m/ a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfrmS wpfu, kd vf ;Hk wkecf g,if; ukwifay:okd x h ;dk pku
d u f s
oGm;awmhonf?
rr odyaf umif;vm; [if
t&rf;aumif;wmbJ *sL;&,f/ *sL;uawmh raumif;ao;bl; r[kwv f m;/ rr b,fvv dk yk af y;&
rvJ/ ajymav
tif; wpfu,fvm; rr&,f / awmf-um uGsefawmh udk rr pdwq f ;dk oGm;rSmvnf; a-umufaew,f/
wpfu,faygh *sL;&,f/ rru bmudk pdwq f ;dk &rSmvJ/ rr wpfu, kd v f ;Hk ud,
k af wmif ay;xm;
jyD;om; yguG,/f *sL;oabm/ *sL;tvku d sayghaemf/
'gwpfu,fvm; rr/ 'gqk, d if rrudk uGsefawmf zifcs csifw,f rr&,f
atmifrav; *sL;&,f/ zifu/kd emr,fxifw,f *sL;&,f/ rru wpfcgrS zifrcHb;l ao;awmh
eJeaJ wmh a-umufaew,f/
[if rruvnf;/ remygbl;uGm/ uGsefawmf ajz;ajz;bJ vkyrf mS yg aemf aemf aemf
[kwyf gonf/ a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufujzifh wpfcgrS tawG t h -uKHr&Sad o;wJh zif ud/k
*sL; &J -h uD;rm;wJh vD;-uD;eJ ch &H rSmqkad wmh eJeaJ wmh vef ah erdonfrmS trSeyf ifjzpfonf? okd ah yr,fh
*sL;wpfa,mufuawmh zko d wW0gawGtay:rSm qJaG qmifr+ t h jynfh &Sad ewJ/h rif;-uD;-udKwf cg;ao;/ &ifcsD
aewJh tjyif/ pGiphf iG u hf m;um;eJ x h mG ;-udKif;vSwhJ a'gufwmcifjrwfarmf. wpfcgrS vD;r0ifb;l ao;
wJh zifu/kd yguifziG hf &rSmjzpfwhJ twGu/f &ifcek jf cif;rsm;ESihf twl/ ol. vD;-uD;rSmvnf; ykId awmifrwf
vmawmhonf? xkd t h wl 'Davmuf tyifyef;cHum TrSstxd -uD;rm;atmifjyKvkyx f m;&aom ol.
vD;pGr;f ud, k v f nf; 'Dwpfcgawmh a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufaumif;aumif;-uD;cHpm;jyD;/
rSwaf vmuf om;avmufatmif qk;H rjypf&rnf[k &ifxrJ mS usLH;0g;aeavawmhonf? xkad emufrmS awmh
a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfukd acG;vk;d vk;d jyD;/ zifuckd s&ef/ ukwifay:wGif av;bufaxmufcg zifuek ;f ckid ;f
vkdufygonf?
ajz;ajz;awmh vkyyf g *sL;&,f/ rru rif;ud, k f cspfveG ;f vkd o h m tvkv d u dk w f myg/ aemfvdk h
tif;yg rr&,f / ajz;ajz;av;bJvyk yf ghr,f
xkd ah emufwiG af wmh ukwifxufwiG f av;bufaxmufI zif uke;f ay;aeaom a'gufwmcifjrwf
armf. pGiu hf m;aeaom zifEpS v f ;Hk -um;rS/ jyLxGujf yJtmaeaom apmufzw k t f xufem;&Sd ca&yGihf
zifayguf0/ ao;usifaomcg;ESiw hf pfqufwnf;jzpfI v+y&f rf;aeaom Edk Eh pS v f ;Hk / wkd u h -dk unf, h if;rS *sL;
wpfa,mufvnf; ol. vD;-uD;udk *Gi;f wku d , f if; umrpdwrf sm;jyif;xefvmawmhonf? vufwpfbuf
rSvnf;/ olr. -uD;rm;I wkecf gaeaom zif-uD;ESpv f ;Hk udk yGwo f yfuikd w f , G , f if;/ apmuf&nfawGpx dk m;
aom ol. vD;udk zifayguf0wGif yGwaf y;aeavonf? xkd t h wl a'gufwmcifjrwfarmf.
zif0onfvnf; t&nfrsm;pk&d IJG zifcsEkid &f eftoifjh zpfaeavawmhonf? xkd ah -umifh *sL;rSmvnf; tcGihf
ta&;aumif;udk &&Sad ejyDrdk t h csderf qGaJ wmhbJ zifxo J dk vh ;D udk 'pf0ifatmifx;dk xnfh csvku d af wmhonf?
tm; tm; tm; *sL;&,f/ rr rcHEidk b f ;l emvku d wf muG,f
c%av;yg rr&,f/ awmf-umawmh oufomoGm;rSmygaemf
xkod dk ah csmharmh,if;ESihf *sL;uvnf; 'pf0ifaeaomzifxo J dk oh .l vD;udk wajz;ajz;jcif;xk;d xnfch g
tqk;H xd0ifEidk &f ef -udK;pm;ygawmhonf?
tm; em;w,f *sL;&,f/ rr rcHEidk af wmhb;l
[kqu dk m a'gufwmcifjrwfarmfwpfa,mufrmS awmhjzifh ud, k u f kd a&S o h dk w h ;dk ,if;/ zif-uD;rsm;udk
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