On 13/1/2010, we went to the MUSLIM COTTON MILLS at knitting department, situated at S.I.T.E karachi.

The objective of the visit was mainly to familiarize ourselves with the Operations of knitting. During the site visit, we were exposed to various knitted fabric construction methods, knitting machineries and their parts and also had the chance to observe them during functioning. At that time of the visit, the machines were running and the production was being done. Thus we were given the opportunity to experience the circular knitting machineries at production. This outdoor experience provided us with a more in-depth and hands on experience on knitting technology. We were able to question, understand and absorb the logic behind the machineries, construction techniques, and methodology theory learnt in class.

BASIC KNITTING ELEMENTS
FEEDERS Feeders are the number of yarn ends feeded to circular knitting machine, in single knit machines at site there are 54 feeders and in double knit 60 feeders. MER feeders are used to feed cotton yarns, while, MPF feeders are used to feed spandex, due to its high stretchability. LATCH NEEDLES: The following above shown is a latch needle, the hook is use to draw and retain the new loop. The latch is an extension blade and bridges the gap between the hook and shank when closed. These latch needles perform knitting action as passes through the cams. GAUGE It’s a measurement of needles per inch, and the space between the needles of one bed. Gauge is an important factor to be considered before knitting, gauge influences the choice of yarn count for knitting and affects fabric properties such as stitch density, appearance,

and spandex of 20. KNITTING CAMS Cams are the devices which convert the rotary machine derive into a suitable reciprocating action for the needles and other elements. The cams are carefully profiles to produce precise movement. 2R P M 3GAUGE 4CYLINDER DIA 5NEEDLES 6FEEDER PL – XS3B 45 24 G 18 Ø 1356 54 . 26 single counts were running.weight. these cylinders are mounted on the machine and are used as per gauge and diameter requirement. at Muslim mill the production rate was about 10-15 kg averagely. of feeders. either individually or in unit form to a cam box plate. Different cylinder of different gauges and diameter were stored in cylinder storage room. Knitting cams are attached. 40 denier were running at the machines PRODUCTION The production of knitting machines is influence by many factors like machine r p m. CYLINDER It’s a circular cylinder having `cut` on its surface. no. and depending upon machine design are fixed or exchangeable. 20. MACHINES SPECIFICATION SINGLE JERSEY (single knitting circular machine) 1MODEL NO. as per machine gauge. yarn count etc. RAW MATERIAL Normally cotton yarn of 30.

green-white and of other colors is also produced. which’s yarn fibers are partially dyed. AIR CONDITIONING PLANT Cool air is used to keep the knitting machinery and its moving part cool. Filtered air is thrown inside the moving mechanical part to absorb the heat dissipated. this create a special color tune in the fabric in knitted fabric. 2R P M 3GAUGE 4CYLINDER DIA 5NEEDLES 6FEEDER PL – XR2B 25 15 G 30 Ø 1404 60 KNITTED FABRICS AT PRODUCTION SINGLE JERSEY FABRIC DOUBLE JERSY (DOUBLE KNIT) FLEECE FABRIC RIB STRUCTURE MILANGE FABRIC It’s the type of fabric. generally the tune color is grey-white. trash particles.DOUBLE JERSY (double knit) 1MODEL NO. the air is conditioned by removing moisture. .