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CI/SfB

Xt6
April 2003

Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels


for the Construction Industr y
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON CONTENTS LINTELS


BUILDING
PRODUCTS Masonry Support Systems 3 Ancon manufactures a range of standard and
Design Considerations 4 special stainless steel lintels for use where a
Ancon Building Products Tolerances 5 maintenance-free life and corrosion resistance are
designs and manufactures a Ancon Cavitray 6 required. Lintels can be designed to suit all
wide range of structural AnconOptima 7-9 applications from housing developments to large
components. At its head MDC Support System 10 - 16 commercial projects.
office in Sheffield the MDK Support System 17
company operates four CFA Support System 18 - 19 WINDPOSTS

sales divisions: Individual Brackets 20 - 21 Large panels of masonry, or masonry panels with
Stonework Support 22 - 24 openings often need additional support to resist wind
• Construction Lintels 25 - 31 loads. Ancon Windposts and Parapet Posts are
• Distributor Sales Windposts 32 - 37 designed to fit within the cavity wall and provide this
Channel & Bolt Fixings 38 necessary support. They are available in either angle
• Rebar Couplers Applications 39 or channel section, and in a range of sizes.
• Export Other Ancon Products 39
TECHNICAL ADVICE

Each division is dedicated It is often helpful if we are involved at an early


to providing a full range of stage in the design process when we can give
services to its particular advice on the most appropriate and economic
market. support and restraint systems. We will provide design
details and cost estimates for consideration by your
Our Specification design team. Please contact a member of our
Services Team liaise with Specification Services Team for technical advice on
construction professionals any Ancon product.

on a daily basis offering


DESIGN SERVICE
advice on the correct
selection of fixings and Ancon’s computer-aided design service is
most appropriate system available to all specifiers and users of the company’s
design. Design details products. When Ancon supplies a complete bespoke
and cost estimates are system, plans are provided at each support level
provided for specifiers showing the location and references of the fixings.
and users of the
PROJECT MANAGEMENT
company’s products.
Ancon offers the services of a dedicated project

From advanced manager to co-ordinate the design, manufacture and


delivery of the complete masonry fixing system to suit
manufacturing facilities in
progress on site.
Sheffield and Greenfield,
North Wales, the company NBS PLUS
supplies volume and
MASONRY SUPPORT NBS Plus includes references
one-off orders to exacting
Buildings and structural frames with masonry for Ancon fixings. These
quality standards.
cladding will require support for the masonry above references can be incorporated
the horizontal movement joints. Ancon has a directly into your specifications
Ancon has a large network
comprehensive range of standard and bespoke when using NBS Specification
of distributors worldwide
support systems in stainless steel for brickwork and Manager/Writer.
and offices in:
stonework. Solutions for all conditions including the
QUALITY ASSURANCE
• Australia support of special masonry features can be
designed. Following the introduction of laser cutting All our products are
• Switzerland technology at the company, Ancon brackets feature designed and manufactured to

• UAE a curved profile with no sharp edges or burrs making the quality requirements of
them safer to handle on site. BS EN ISO 9001 : 1994.

BS EN ISO 9001 : 1994


FM12226

2
MASONRY SUPPORT SYSTEMS

The NEW AnconOptima™ System


AnconOptima is a standard masonry support
system. It comprises a two-step angle, with pre-
marked fixing zones, and a range of interchangeable
brackets to suit cavities from 60mm to 130mm.
Systems are available to support a masonry load of
up to 14kN and brackets are simply changed on site
to allow for cavity variations. For further information
see pages 7 to 9. The New AnconOptima™ System
Bracket Angle Support System
Ancon MDC Support Systems are designed and
manufactured to suit specific applications and have
been developed to carry up to three storeys of
external brickwork. By utilising a small support angle
and varying the depth of the welded back brackets,
the system provides an economical solution for
supporting the outer leaf of brickwork. The system
will usually fix to a channel cast into a concrete
edge beam, or bolt directly to a steel member.
For further information see pages 10 to 17.
MDC Bracket Angle Support System
Continuous Angle Support System
Ancon CFA Continuous Angle Support Systems
provide a simple solution for the support of external
masonry. These systems are mainly used for
supporting single storey brickwork with a small
cavity. Cold formed angles can be supplied in
lengths of up to 4 metres. Horizontal slots in the
vertical leg allow fixing to AnconLock toothed
channels cast into the concrete edge. For further
information see pages 18 to 19.

Individual Bracket Support System CFA Continuous Angle Support System


Ancon Individual Bracket Support Systems
provide great flexibility in design. These can be used
to support curved brickwork, arches and where the
soffit of a soldier course has to be seen to be
unsupported from below. Ancon LDBs will support
up to 4 metres and Ancon MDBs will support up to
8 metres of brickwork. For further information
see pages 20 and 21.

Stonework Support
The design for the support of stonework will
depend upon the type of stone, the size of the unit Individual Bracket Support System
and the type of structure. Stone cladding is often a
combination of large individually sized stones,
sometimes of varying thickness, and may include
cornice or other stones that stand out from the general
line of the cladding. Support for the stonework will
usually be positioned over the horizontal movement
joint at each floor level and over openings. The
support of cornice and other particularly large stones
will need special consideration. For further
information see pages 22 to 24.

Stonework Support System 3


Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Large differential movement


DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Brick or stone clad structures, will usually


necessitate the use of stainless steel support for the
masonry over horizontal movement joints. Differential
movement, corrosion resistance, type of cladding
and frame type, all need to be considered.
Support level
and movement
Differential Movement
joint
The maximum size of a masonry panel should be
restricted to limit the effects of differential movement.
This is particularly important if clay brickwork is used
with concrete blockwork and a concrete frame. The Support level
and movement
outer leaf of buildings not exceeding four storeys or
joint
12 metres in height, whichever is less, may be
uninterrupted for its full height. For other buildings,
BS 5628 : Part 1 requires the outer leaf to be
supported at intervals of not more than 9 metres or
three storeys, whichever is less. To allow for a vertical Outer leaf supported from ground level Outer leaf supported at intermediate levels

movement of around 1mm per metre, movement Differential Movement Between Masonry Cladding and Frame
joints are generally positioned at every storey or
every second storey. They are also incorporated in
many buildings of less than four storeys or 12 metres
in height.
Ties at 450mm horizontal centres
Support Detail
The support will be positioned directly over the Ancon Cavitray
horizontal movement joint. The joint will often
incorporate a compressible filler and should be of Support system
sufficient size to allow for expansion of the masonry
below. Damp-proofing is normally located at the Fixing to structure
support position. The Ancon Cavitray is the only
damp-proofing solution to work with a masonry Mastic pointing
support system. It is a pre-formed cavity tray
positioned directly on the masonry support angle and Compressible filler
creates a guaranteed plane of water expulsion. It
eliminates the problem of assembling a consistent Head restraint at 450mm centres
profile from roll dpc (see page 6 for more
information). Wall ties should be incorporated within
300mm above and below the support.

Corrosion Resistance
Typical Support Detail
Ancon Support Systems are manufactured from
grade 1.4301 (304) stainless steel and will be
suitable for most building applications. In particularly
corrosive environments, or where part of the support
will be visible, grade 1.4401 (316) should be
considered.
Bi-metallic corrosion may occur in a damp
environment where the stainless steel support
Mild steel
system is bolted to the structural steel frame. This will
not affect the stainless steel, but could slightly
increase the corrosion rate of the carbon steel. This
can be prevented by excluding moisture from the Isolation material
detail, or by isolating the two dissimilar metals.
Isolation patches are available from Ancon Building Stainless steel
Products for use with Ancon Support Systems.
Prevention of Bi-metallic Corrosion
Further information is given in our brochure, ‘The Use
4 of Stainless Steel in the Construction Industry’.
TOLERANCES

It is important to select the correct support


system to ensure that building tolerances can be
accommodated. Adjustment will be required in all
three planes.
Ancon brackets have a slot at the back to
provide vertical tolerance of up to 60mm. A serrated
surface prevents any slip. Longitudinal adjustment is
Patent No.
provided by an Ancon cast-in channel in concrete
2 249 816 Patent
structures, or horizontally slotted holes in steel applied for
framed structures. The AnconOptima System
Adjustment of MDC Support System Adjustment of AnconOptima
features a fixing zone providing a total of 50mm
horizontal adjustment allowing the system to be fixed
to pre-drilled holes rather than slots in steelwork and
eliminates clashes with reinforcing bars in concrete.
Subject to the type of fixing used, AnconOptima
brackets can be changed on site to suit variations
in the structural edge beam. Other systems
accommodate such variations by adding shims
between the system and the structure, or by
increasing the bearing of the brickwork. The
maximum thickness of shims should not exceed the Maximum Minimum
shim 2
Increased bearing /3
outside diameter of the fixing or 16mm, whichever is thickness bearing
less.
Increased Bearing Used to Shims Used to Accommodate
Ancon Extension Plates may be used as an Accommodate Reduced Cavity Enlarged Cavity
alternative to shimming. Provided the support angle
extends beyond the centre of the wall, the Ancon
Extension Plate will increase the bearing to the
minimum two thirds of the width of the wall. The full
load of the wall is still carried by the support angle.
Refer to page 11 for further information.

Fixing Methods
There are various methods of fixing Ancon
Support Systems to the structure. Cast-in channels
with ‘T’ bolts or site drilled expansion bolts can be
used with concrete frames. For steel frames the
choice is between set screws into holes in the steel
edge member, or where there is a metal deck floor, Standard AnconOptima brackets Standard AnconOptima brackets
suit a minimum cavity of 60mm suit a maximum cavity of 130mm
Ancon CombiDeck has a horizontal channel that
accepts ‘T’ bolts. A range of suitable fixings is
included on page 38 of this brochure. Further
information is given in our Channel & Bolt Fixings Manufacturing Tolerances

brochure. Element Tolerance


Overall length ±5mm
Manufacturing Tolerances
Thickness ±7.5%
Unless otherwise agreed, the tolerances
applicable to cold formed sections are shown in the Leg length of angle ±3mm

table opposite. Angle between legs ±2˚


Hole or slot centre ±5mm
Mitred corners ±1˚
Bow on either axis ±3mm per metre length

5
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON CAVITRAY

The Ancon Cavitray was developed by Ancon


Building Products in conjunction with Cavity Trays
of Yeovil. It is the only cavity tray to work with a
Masonry Support System and eliminates the
problems of assembling damp-proof membranes on
site. A consistent profile can be difficult to achieve
from roll dpc and it may sag, retaining water and
mortar droppings in the cavity.
Common site practice has been to position
damp-proof membranes one masonry course above
the support system. This position often proves
unsatisfactory as water becomes trapped between
the dpc and the waterproof compression joint,
leaving brickwork saturated and discoloured.
Use of the Ancon Cavitray controls project costs,
Roll dpc may sag, retaining water and mortar droppings in the cavity
provides consistent build quality and reduces
site wastage. Unlike site-fabricated damp-proof
membranes, cavity trays do not require to be built
into the inner leaf or sag unless supported.
The Ancon Cavitray is positioned directly on the
masonry support angle and creates a guaranteed
plane of water expulsion. It is pre-formed and
manufactured from strong, lightweight and virtually
puncture-proof polypropylene.
Available in lengths of 1.5 metres in three
standard profiles, the Ancon Cavitray suits cavities
from 50mm to 150mm. Its standard design can be
modified to suit specific requirements outside this
cavity range and to cope with special masonry
Weep Vent
features. The front step is easily formed on site, by
bending the cavity tray where it has been scored.
The Ancon Cavitray is supplied without this step
pre-formed to enable it to be used with conventional
bricks as well as pistol bricks. The Ancon Cavitray guarantees the plane of water expulsion

Ancon Cavitray Cavity Size


CT75 50mm-100mm
CT100 75mm-125mm
CT125 100mm-150mm

Stop Ends and Weep Vents are available for use


with the Ancon Cavitray. Stop Ends are positioned at
the end of a run to direct moisture towards the front
of the tray and prevent it discharging into the cavity.
Euroweep-vents are positioned at 900mm horizontal
centres within the perpendicular joints of masonry.
These vents provide an outlet drain to discharge
excess water from the tray and allow the cavity to
breathe.

Ancon Cavitray is designed to work with


masonry support systems

6
ANCONOPTIMA™

AnconOptima
AnconOptima is a standard masonry support
system. It comprises a two-step angle, with pre-
marked zones, and a range of interchangeable
brackets to suit cavities from 60mm to 130mm.
Systems are available to support a masonry load of
up to 14kN and brackets are simply changed on site
to allow for cavity variations.

Standard Systems
Standard AnconOptima systems are available to
support masonry loads of up to 10kN, 12kN and
14kN. The performance is dependent on the length
and thickness of the angle, the fixing centres of the
brackets, and the type of fixing used.
Patent applied for

Adjustment
The Industry’s growing emphasis on speed of
construction, and the inability of welded bracket
support systems to provide sufficient adjustment on
site, led Ancon to develop the AnconOptima System.
It is more adjustable than other support systems;
brackets are changed on site to allow for variations in
the edge beam and are available to suit cavities from
60mm to 130mm in 5mm increments. Shims can be AnconOptima accommodates variations in the line of the edge beam
used for fine adjustments and should never need to
be more than 4mm thick.
The ability of welded bracket support systems to
accommodate variations in the line of the structure is
limited by the maximum thickness of shims, normally
12mm. Some additional adjustment will be possible
by varying the bearing of the brickwork on the
support angle but this will be very limited, particularly
where pistol bricks are used. Welded support
systems are unlikely to meet the typical tolerance
requirement of ± 20mm. With the ability to change
brackets on site, and subject to the type of fixing
used, AnconOptima meets this tolerance on cavities Standard brackets are available to suit cavities from 60mm to 130mm
from 80mm to 110mm.
If the system is to be fixed using expansion bolts,
the brackets can be moved to eliminate clashes
up to 60mm
between the bolts and reinforcing bar. The vertical adjustment
AnconOptima System features a fixing zone
providing a total of 50mm horizontal adjustment. This
also allows the system to be fixed to pre-drilled holes
rather than slots in steelwork. Vertical adjustment is
achieved in the usual way by the deep slot in the
back of the bracket allowing a total adjustment of up
to 60mm.
If the system is fixed to a horizontal Ancon
100mm 100mm
channel cast into the face of the concrete, this will
Adjustment of the AnconOptima System
provide the same continuous adjustment as a
standard Ancon MDC system.

7
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Installation
Installation of the AnconOptima System provides
significant time savings over welded support
systems. The preferred technique of installers is to
level and fix two brackets and simply slide the angle
into position. This considerably reduces the time
Two brackets are fixed and the angle slides into position
spent tightening and loosening the fixing bolts of a
welded bracket system, in order to achieve a level
horizontal shelf. Where space limitations prevent the
angle from sliding, the brackets can be positioned on
the angle and conventionally fixed; the smaller
lengths of angle simplifying this method of installation.

Setting Out
Unlike bespoke systems, there is no time-
consuming setting out of individually referenced
components to a detailed layout drawing. The
smaller components of AnconOptima are also easier
to move around site, often without hiring crane time.

Brackets
Ancon stocks a range of brackets to suit cavities
from 60mm to 130mm in 5mm increments. There are Brackets are available to suit cavities from
60mm to 130mm in 5mm increments
two types of bracket to suit the two angle
thicknesses. Brackets designed for one angle
thickness do not interchange with those designed for
the other. Brackets for AnconOptima 10 will only fit
the 4mm angle of this system. Brackets suitable
for the 5mm angle will interchange between
AnconOptima 12 and AnconOptima 14.

Cutting on site
AnconOptima is not designed for specific
buildings and certain angles will therefore need to be
cut on site to suit the length required. Each angle
section must have at least two brackets.

Corners
Standard left-hand and right-hand corners are
available. Each corner section requires three
brackets in order to ensure the required performance
is achieved, and corner sections should never be cut
on site.

Angle section
slides into position

Section is cut to suit angle run

Standard 850mm
mitred corner
10mm gap section requiring
between units 3 brackets

Typical AnconOptima layout


8
Details for Specifying and Ordering
Specification Clause
The AnconOptima System simplifies the total
Delete items shown in italic as applicable.
supply process. It consists of standard components,
all available from stock, and can be specified by AnconOptima 10/12/14 standard masonry
using simple load/cavity charts. Specification of support system comprising a ‘W’ profile stainless
the AnconOptima System does not involve the steel section c/w slide on, interchangeable fixing
completion of detailed layout drawings and not being brackets to suit varying cavity width.
specific to any project, excess items from one site Fix back to concrete/steelwork using
can be used elsewhere. Cavity Load expansion bolts/cast-in channel/stainless steel
kN/m setscrews.
System to carry 5m/6m/7m maximum height of
Min.
edge single skin brickwork/rendered 100mm thick
blockwork and to be installed strictly in accordance
Min.
with manufacturers instructions.
slab Fixing
height Manufactured in Grade 1.4301 (304) Austenitic
Stainless Steel.

AnconOptima Systems
Maximum Angle Angle Nominal Length Bracket Bracket
System Load Thickness Length (including 10mm gap between angles) Position Height
(kN/m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

AnconOptima 10 10 4 990 1000 500 centres 167


AnconOptima 12 12 5 990 1000 500 centres 187
AnconOptima 14 14 5 790 800 400 centres 187

AnconOptima 10
Fixing Min. Min.
Fixing height edge slab Maximum load (kN/m) for various cavity widths (mm)
(mm) (mm) (mm) 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130

30/20 channel 130 75 205 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9.9 9.8 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.7
40/25 channel 130 100 230 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.3
FBN12/45 A4-145* 130 90 220 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
FH15/25 A4-126* 130 90 220 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
M12 set screws 130 - - 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Ancon Steelgrip 130 - - 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.2 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.8

AnconOptima 12
Fixing Min. Min.
Fixing height edge slab Maximum load (kN/m) for various cavity widths (mm)
(mm) (mm) (mm) 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130

30/20 channel 150 75 225 10.1 12 12 11.9 11.7 11.5 11.3 11.1 10.9 10.7 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9 9.7
40/25 channel 150 100 250 10.1 12 12 12 12 12 12 11.8 11.6 11.4 11.2 11 10.7 10.5 10.3
FBN12/45 A4-145* 150 105 255 10.1 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
FH15/25 A4-126* 150 95 245 10.1 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
M12 set screws 150 - - 10.1 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
Ancon Steelgrip 150 - - 10.1 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.4

AnconOptima 14
Fixing Min. Min.
Fixing height edge slab Maximum load (kN/m) for various cavity widths (mm)
(mm) (mm) (mm) 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130

30/20 channel 150 75 225 12.7 14 14 14 14 14 14 13.9 13.6 13.3 13.1 12.8 12.4 11.9 11.6
40/25 channel 150 100 250 12.7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 13.9 13.7 13.4 13.2 12.9
FBN12/45 A4-145* 150 105 255 12.7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
FH15/25 A4-126* 150 100 250 12.7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
M12 set screws 150 - - 12.7 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ancon Steelgrip 150 - - 12.7 12.8 12.6 12.4 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.3 11.1 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.5
* FBN12/45 A4-145 is an Ancon Single Expansion Bolt. FH15/25 A4-126 is an Ancon High Performance Bolt. See page 38.
9
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON MDC BRACKET ANGLE


SUPPORT SYSTEM

Ancon MDC Bracket Angle Support Systems can


carry over 8 metres of brickwork and accommodate
any width of cavity from 40mm in its standard form.
The material content of these systems is optimised to
ensure the most economic solution is designed.

Design Variations
The Ancon MDC System can be supplied
in a variety of configurations to suit particular
applications and support special masonry features.
The size of the support angle can be varied to suit the
thickness and height of the masonry to be carried.
Bracket spacing, depth and height are all varied to
suit loadings, fixing position and cavity width. Standard MDC Support System MDC/P Support System

There are several variations of the standard MDC


System. MDC/P has the bracket projecting below the
structure, MDC/R has an inverted angle welded to
the bracket, and MDC/I is a specially inverted system
with the support angle at the top of the bracket.
These variations allow the support leg of the angle to
be positioned anywhere from the top of the bracket to
a position below the bottom of the bracket.
Soldier courses can be suspended from
MDC systems by using stirrups at 225mm centres.
The stirrups fit over the angle and stitching rods span
between the stirrups, supporting cored or holed bricks.

MDC/R Support System MDC/I Support System

MDC Bracket Angle Support System

MDC with 36/8 Channel and MDC with Stirrups Supporting a


Hangers Supporting a Soldier Soldier Course
Course

10
Adjustment
Adjustment is provided in every direction to allow
for tolerance in the structural frame. The serrated
and slotted face of the bracket allows a total vertical
adjustment of up to 60mm. Cast-in channel will
provide virtually unlimited horizontal adjustment;
slotted holes in a steel edge member will offer more
limited adjustment. Shims can be included between Cast-in
the bracket and the frame up to a maximum channel

thickness of the outside diameter of the fixing bolt, or Shim


16mm, whichever is less.
MDC support
As an alternative to shims, Ancon Extension
Plates can sometimes be used to increase the
bearing for the brickwork. The support leg of the
angle must provide a minimum of 52mm bearing for
standard single skin brickwork for the entire length of
the support. Without this bearing the brickwork may
Patent No.
become unstable. This must be checked before work 2 249 816
proceeds.
The extension plates are pushed onto the leg
of the angle with the flat surface on top. They are Adjustment of MDC Support System
adjusted until the required amount of extension is 102.5mm
achieved, this will be from 5mm to 17mm.

The plates can provide extra bearing but they


should not extend more than 20mm from the front of
the angle. Extension plates are usually 400mm long
Minimum 68mm
and fixed with a nominal gap between the plates of
approximately 10mm. Minimum 52mm

Ancon Extension Plates are designed to be Extension Plate Fixed to MDC Support System
used with Ancon Brickwork Support Systems.
The particular application should be agreed
with Ancon technical staff to ensure that both
the support system and extension plates
are suitable.

Extension Plates
UK Patent No.
2 305 194

11
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Concrete Frames
Ancon MDC Systems are generally fixed to either
Ancon 28/15, 30/20 or 38/17 Channels cast into the
edge of the concrete. For applications where
particularly high loads are involved Ancon 40/25
Channel may need to be considered. Details of these
channels are shown on page 38. The use of cast-in
channels allows the MDC support system to be fixed
to the structure with ‘T’ bolts and moved along the
line of the channel into the correct position. The slot
in the back of the MDC bracket allows 60mm vertical
adjustment. This permits greater freedom in the
positioning of the cast-in channel to avoid horizontal
reinforcement. As an alternative, Ancon Expansion or
Special High Capacity MDC System Fixed to
Resin Bolts can be used when cast-in channels have
40/25 Channel
not been included in the edge beam.

Commercial Development, Carter Lane, London MDC Support System Fixed to 30/20 Channel

MDC Support System with Stirrups MDC/R Support System Shown with an SAH-F
Restraint to the Brickwork Below

12
Steel Frames
Ancon MDC Support Systems can be fixed
directly to uncased structural steel frames. The fixing
positions can usually be at constant centres to
simplify the fabrication of the steelwork.
For cavities larger than 75mm there may be a
requirement for additional fixings near external
corners. Horizontal slots should always be
provided in the steel edge beam stiffeners to
allow lateral tolerance.
The structural edge member must be designed
to minimise deflections and accommodate the
torsional forces created by the eccentric load from
the brickwork, if excessive movement of the support
system is to be avoided.
Ancon MDC Support Systems can be fixed to
Rolled Hollow Sections using Ancon Steelgrip fixings.
These fixings are designed for use where access is MDC Support System Fixed to Stiffening
Angles which are Welded Between the Flanges
only available from one side.
of a Steel Beam
Ancon Combideck (see pages 14 and 15) can
replace the edge trim of metal deck shuttering and
allow the MDC System to be fixed directly to the face
of the concrete floor.
As an alternative for higher loading conditions
the Ancon MDC/TC Top Cleat System can be
employed to fix directly onto the top of the composite
deck using expansion bolts.

Bi-metallic Contact
Corrosion of the steel frame may be slightly
increased where there is direct contact with stainless
steel in a damp environment. This will not affect the
stainless steel and can be avoided by isolating the
two dissimilar metals. This can be achieved by
painting the contact area or by incorporating a
MDC Support System fixed to face of RHS
separating membrane that can be supplied with the using Ancon Steelgrip
Ancon MDC Support System. For further information
see page 4.

MDC/CD Support System Bolted to Combideck

MDC/TC Support System incorporating


individual Top Cleat and Expansion Bolt

13
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Ancon CombiDeck
Ancon CombiDeck has been developed for
use with the permanent metal deck shuttering of
steel framed structures. CombiDeck edge support
is supplied with an integral channel section
that accepts standard Ancon ‘T’ Head Bolts.
The complete assembly can be manufactured in
stainless steel for applications where a long corrosion
free life and full compatibility with the stainless steel
support system is a requirement.
For applications where corrosion resistance is
not as critical, CombiDeck is available in zinc coated
mild steel with a stainless steel channel. Where there
is direct contact between stainless steel and carbon
steel, a coat of bitumen-based paint should be
applied. This will help prevent bi-metallic corrosion of
the carbon steel.
Ancon CombiDeck is manufactured in standard
three metre lengths in a variety of heights to suit the MDC Support System Brackets Bolted to CombiDeck and a Corner Column

floor thickness. Corner assemblies and special units


are available to suit particular applications.
The stainless steel channel welded into the edge
support will usually be Ancon 30/20, positioned
55mm below the top. Ancon 38/17 Channel is
sometimes used, or 28/15 where loadings are small.
The thickness of the floor slab will determine
the capacity of the support system. A 130mm thick
slab will limit the height of single skin brickwork to
4 metres. Thicker slabs may permit more masonry
to be supported, but this is unlikely to be in excess of
6 metres.

Design Variations
Most Ancon Support Systems can be used with
CombiDeck. Welded CombiDeck corner units are
available for external corners, but it is generally
easier to fix the MDC bracket directly to the corner Corner Detail Showing Fixing Straps Between CombiDeck and Metal
column. Deck Shuttering

Adjustment
The adjustment provided by Ancon CombiDeck
is identical to Ancon MDC when used with cast-in
channels. The serrated and slotted face of the
bracket allows a total vertical adjustment of up to
60mm. The built-in channel will provide virtually
unlimited horizontal adjustment. Shims can be
included between the bracket and the frame up to a
maximum thickness of the outside diameter of the
fixing bolt or 16mm, whichever is less. As an
alternative, Ancon Extension Plates can be used to
increase the bearing for the brickwork. See page 11.

14
Details for Specification and Ordering
Ancon MDC Systems are tailored to suit each
project, based on the cavity size at the support and
the masonry load to be supported. Ancon will design
an economical configuration of channel, bracket
and angle.
For applications using CombiDeck the
specification is as follows:-

MDC / CD / type / cavity / masonry load


e.g. MDC / CD / R / 75 / 5.6
Ancon will design a system to fix to CombiDeck
with an inverted angle to suit a 75mm cavity and Typical Reinforcement Detail Behind CombiDeck
carry 5.6 kN/metre run of masonry.

References
MDC/CD Standard CombiDeck system
MDC/CD/R CombiDeck system with inverted angle

The CombiDeck edge support is specified as 100mm


follows:- max

CombiDeck / channel size / height of edge


e.g. CombiDeck / 30 / 140
125mm
This will have a 30/20 channel and will suit a floor min
with a depth of 140mm.

Fixing CombiDeck to Steelwork


The standard edge trim used with metal deck
permanent shuttering is designed to retain the wet
concrete during construction of the floor. Ancon
CombiDeck also has to support the external 100mm Prop
brickwork. It is therefore very important that the max

outside edge of the CombiDeck remains vertical. The


125mm
installation procedure, reinforcement requirement
min
and allowable overhang may be different to those of
the edge trim which CombiDeck replaces.
The bottom of the CombiDeck should be fixed to
the top of the steelwork at 225mm maximum centres.
Fixing straps are supplied to restrain the top
edge of the CombiDeck. These will be positioned
100mm Prop
within 100mm of each butt joint and at centres not max
exceeding 450mm. The straps are supplied in
Maximum Overhang of CombiDeck
2 metre lengths for cutting and bending on site.
The outer edge of the CombiDeck can extend
beyond the steelwork up to a maximum distance of
100mm. If a greater distance is required, both the
metal deck and the CombiDeck will need to be
propped.
A minimum of 125mm should be left between the
outer edge of the CombiDeck and the metal deck to
allow sufficient space for the channel anchors and
the local reinforcement. Where the decking is at 90˚
to the CombiDeck, the open troughs must be filled to
retain the wet concrete. The butt joints between
lengths of CombiDeck should be taped to prevent
concrete leakage. Typical Details of Fixing Strap Connections

15
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Setting Out
Ancon can provide drawings showing the
location of the fixings (cast-in channels for concrete
frames, bolt positions for steel frames). Bracket angle
units will be referenced and scheduled and all details
submitted for approval before manufacture.

Details for Specification and Ordering


Ancon MDC Systems are tailored to suit each
contract, and are based on the cavity size at the
support and the masonry load to be carried. Ancon
will design an economical configuration of channel,
bracket and angle. Specification is as follows:-

MDC / type / cavity / masonry load


e.g. MDC / R / 75 / 5.6

Ancon will design a system with an inverted Mansfield Magistrates Court


angle to suit a 75mm cavity and carry 5.6 kN/metre Cavity
run of masonry.
Tolerance
References
MDC Standard system
MDC/R System with inverted angle
MDC/I Inverted system

Some applications demand that the support leg


is below the soffit of the structure. Where this is no
more than 150mm, this can be specified as a suffix Fixing 10mm
height standard
to the standard reference by . . . . . . P projection.

MDC / cavity / masonry load / projection


e.g. MDC / 125 / 7.2 / P 75

Ancon will design a standard system to suit a


125mm cavity, carry 7.2kN/m, with a bracket Outstand
Shims
projection of 75mm.
MDC Support System with Shims

Mitred ends at
external corners
- 10mm gap

Welded corner for small returns


Nominal 10mm
gap between units Cast-in channel

Typical Layout of MDC Support System

16
ANCON MDK BRACKET ANGLE
SUPPORT SYSTEM

In addition to the standard AnconOptima


Masonry Support System, the Ancon MDK System is MDK bracket

also designed for situations where there is a large


variation in the line of the structural frame.

Shims

Patent No.
2 249 816 MDK angle

Adjustment of MDK System

Minimum

MDK Support System

Adjustment
The bolted connection between the angle and Fixing
bracket allows shims to be used in front, as well height

as behind the bracket. The MDK brackets can


be supplied in different depths to accommodate
84mm
particularly large variations in the line of the structure.
Maximum Bearing to Suit
The vertical adjustment is identical to the Ancon Reduced Cavity
MDC System. Horizontal adjustment is provided by
slotted holes in the angle. The Ancon MDK System is Maximum
often used for supporting new brickwork onto an
existing concrete frame. For these applications
expansion bolts will be used for connecting the
brackets to the concrete.

Details for Specification and Ordering


Ancon MDK Systems are tailored to suit each Fixing
height
project, and based on the variation in cavity size at
the support and the masonry load to be carried.
Ancon will design an economical configuration of
68mm
channel, bracket and angle. Specification is as
12mm 12mm
follows:-
Minimum Bearing and Maximum
MDK / min. cavity / max. cavity / masonry load Shimming to Suit Enlarged Cavity

e.g. MDK / 75 / 125 / 8

Ancon will design a system to suit a cavity


ranging from 75mm to 125mm and carry 8kN/metre
run of masonry.
For applications where there is a large variation
in the cavity width, more than one type of bracket will
be required.
To achieve the same performance as the welded
MDC system, the bolted Ancon MDK System may
have brackets at closer centres and a thicker angle.
The maximum load that the standard MDK
system can support is 12kN/metre, equivalent to
approximately six metres of brickwork.
17
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON CFA CONTINUOUS ANGLE


SUPPORT SYSTEM

Ancon CFA Systems can carry over 8 metres of


brickwork and accommodate various cavity widths.
For many applications, particularly where large
cavities are involved, the Ancon MDC Support
System may prove to be a more economical solution.
Continuous angles are more suitable for applications
where cavities are small or there is a requirement for
the cavity to be closed at the support position. The
angles are cold formed and will normally be supplied
in lengths of up to 4 metres.

Design Variations
In addition to variations in angle size and
thickness, an inverted version, the CFA/I, has the CFA Fixed to AnconLock Toothed Channel
support leg at the top and the fixing slots positioned
closer to the corner of the angle.

Concrete Frames
Horizontal slots in the vertical leg allow fixing to
AnconLock Toothed Channels cast into the concrete
edge. Ancon Expansion Bolts can be used as an
alternative to cast-in fixings. For further information
see page 38.

Steel Frames
Ancon CFA Support Systems can be fixed
directly to uncased structural steel frames. Universal
beams will require an angle to be welded between
the flanges at each bracket position. Horizontal
slots should always be provided in the steel edge
beam to allow lateral tolerance. The angle will have
vertical slots with a serrated pad welded to the front
face of the vertical leg of the angle.
The structural edge member must be designed
to minimise deflections and accommodate the CFA Fixed to Structural Steel Edge Beam
torsional forces created by the eccentric load from
the brickwork, if excessive movement of the support
system is to be avoided.

Bi-metallic Contact
Corrosion of the steel frame may be slightly
increased where there is direct contact with stainless
steel in a damp environment. This will not affect the
stainless steel and can be avoided by isolating the
two dissimilar metals. This can be achieved by
painting the contact area or by incorporating a
separating membrane that can be supplied with the
Ancon CFA Support System. For further information
see page 4.

CFA Fixed to Continuous Channel

18
Setting Out Nominal
10mm gap
Ancon can provide drawings showing the
location of the fixings (cast-in channels for concrete Welded corner for small returns
frames, bolt positions for steel frames). Angle units
will be referenced and scheduled and all details Nominal
10mm gap Cast-in channel
submitted for approval before manufacture.

Adjustment
Adjustment is provided in every direction to allow
for tolerance in the structural frame. The serrated lips
of the AnconLock Channel permit a vertical
adjustment of up to ±28mm. The 18 x 60mm slotted
holes in the angle allow horizontal adjustment of Typical Layout of CFA System
±22mm. Shims can be included between the bracket
and the frame up to a maximum thickness of the
outside diameter of the fixing bolt or 16mm,
whichever is less. The adjustment available when the
CFA system is bolted to a structural steel frame will
AnconLock
depend on the length of the slotted holes in the steel
edge member.
Shim
Fabricated Angles
Many features will need special design attention,
especially if double skin brickwork is to be Continuous angle
supported. Fabricated angles with stiffeners, used in
conjunction with the Ancon MDC System for adjacent
single skin brickwork, is often the best solution.

Curved Angles
Curved angles can be supplied for arches or Adjustment of CFA System
other applications. These can be problematic to
produce accurately due to the distortion of cold
formed members during the bending process.
Although every endeavour is made to achieve the
required curve, our normal tolerances are not
applicable for these angles.

Details for Specification and Ordering


Ancon CFA Systems are tailored to suit each job,
based on the cavity size at the support and the load
to be carried. Ancon will design the most economical
system. Specification is as follows:-

CFA / type / cavity / masonry load


e.g. CFA / I / 50 / 6.0

Ancon will design a system with an inverted


angle to suit a 50mm cavity and carry 6.0kN/metre
run of masonry.

References
CFA Standard system
CFA/I Inverted system
Some applications demand that the support leg
is below the soffit of the structure. Where this is no
more than 75mm, this can be specified as a suffix to
the standard reference by . . . . . . P projection.

CFA / cavity / masonry load / projection


e.g CFA / 50 / 5.6 / P 50

Ancon will design a standard system to suit a


50mm cavity, carry 5.6kN/m, with an angle projection
of 50mm.

Fabricated Angle used to Support Brick Pier


19
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON INDIVIDUAL BRACKET


SUPPORT SYSTEM

Three versions of the Ancon Individual Bracket


Support System are available, MDB, LDB and AMK.
MDB brackets at 225mm centres will carry 8 metres
of brickwork and LDB brackets will carry 4 metres.
This capacity will reduce when they are used at
450mm centres to support blockwork. AMK brackets
have individual working loads of 3.5, 7.0 and 10.5kN.
The system comprises individual brackets
positioned at each perpend, bolted back to a
continuous channel cast into the edge of the
concrete. The 4mm thick support plate of the
standard bracket can be accommodated within
a 10mm bed joint. LDA and MDA angle support
Arch Support with LDB/IS
brackets will generally be required at vertical
movement joints and corners. These brackets have
thicknesses of 6mm and 8mm respectively.

Design Variations
The main application for individual brackets is for
the support of soldier courses from above, and for
the support of non-structural arched brickwork. Both
these applications involve individual brackets at
225mm centres that have stirrups welded to the
underside. Stitching rods span the stirrups and
Soffit Support using LDB/S and Soffit Angle
support the three bricks between the brackets.
The use of LDB/S brackets with the stiffener
below the support plate provides greater freedom for
the brickwork above.
Ancon Soffit Angles are used in conjunction with
LDB/S brackets to extend the support of soffit
brickwork. These are usually spaced at 225mm
centres and fixed to Ancon 28/15 Cast-in Channel.

Curved Brickwork
Ancon LDBs and MDBs are ideal for supporting
brickwork that is curved on plan. The 28/15, 30/20 or
38/17 channel is supplied curved to suit the radius of
the concrete. The standard brackets can then be
fixed to the cast-in channel.

Corbelled Brickwork
Individual brackets can be used to support
brickwork at the top of the corbel. Ancon SC28
Corbel Ties restrain the corbelled brickwork to 28/15
channel cast into the sloping face of the concrete.
LDB/IS can be used to suspend a soldier course over
openings. Corbelled Brickwork
20
Setting Out
Ancon can provide drawings showing
the location of the cast-in channels. Brackets will
be referenced and scheduled, and all details
submitted for approval before manufacture.

Adjustment Typical Layout of Individual


Adjustment is provided in every direction to Brackets on a Curve
allow for tolerance in the structural frame. The
serrated and slotted face of the bracket allows a
vertical adjustment of up to ±25mm for LDBs and a
total adjustment of up to 60mm for MDBs and AMKs.
Cast-in channel will provide virtually unlimited
horizontal adjustment. Shims can be included
between the bracket and the frame up to a maximum
thickness of the outside diameter of the fixing bolt or
16mm, whichever is less.

Details for Specification and Ordering


Ancon Individual Brackets are available to suit
most cavity sizes and can be specified as follows:-

Type / cavity / masonry load


e.g. LDB / 75 / 8.0

Ancon will design an LDB system to suit a 75mm


cavity and carry 8.0 kN/metre run of masonry.

References
LDB Standard bracket with stiffener
LDA Bracket with angle
LDB/S Bracket with stirrup
Shim
LDB/IS Bracket with stirrup and the stiffener below
MDB Standard bracket with stiffener.
MDA Bracket with angle LDB
AMK Standard bracket

Support to brickwork around external corners


Adjustment of Individual Bracket
may involve special details.

Bracket SWL/Bracket Typical


Reference (kN) Bolt
LDB/LDA 2.0 M10
MDB/MDA 4.0 M12
AMK 3.5 3.5 M12 LDB LDA LDB/S
AMK 7.0 7.0 M16
AMK 10.5 10.5 M16

MDB MDA LDB/IS

AMK

21
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

STONEWORK SUPPORT

Stone cladding is often a combination of large


individually sized stones. These can sometimes vary
in thickness and may include cornice or other stones
that stand out from the general line of the cladding.
Support for the stonework will usually be positioned
over the horizontal movement joint at each floor level
and over openings.

Britannic Assurance, Wythall

The most efficient method is for individual


supports to be positioned at the vertical joint
between two adjacent stones. As an alternative, two
smaller supports can be located near each end of
each stone. The support of cornice and other
particularly large stones will need special attention.

Design Considerations
The design of stone cladding should be in
accordance with BS 8298 : 1994 Code of practice Individual MDC/SD Stonework Support Bracket
for the design and installation of natural stone
cladding and lining.
SA3
The minimum bearing at the support is generally
50% of the width of the stone. A single support
carrying two stones should be at least 75mm long.
Where individual supports are used, these should be
at least 50mm long.

SA2 SA1
(with lip)

Stonework Support Angles

Minimum Dimensions for Stonework


t Less than 3.7m above More than 3.7m above
ground including facias ground including facias
T d m t T d m t
Type of Stone (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
Granite
Slate 30 20 7 12 40 25 7 15
White Marble
Quartzite
m d
Hard Limestone
30 20 7 12 40 25 7 15
T Travertine
Limestone
50 25* 20 20* 75 37* 20 30*
Recommended Minimum Dimensions Sandstone
* T/2 if stone thickness (T) is greater than 75mm

22
ANCON SA STONEWORK SUPPORTS

SA1 Support Angles


These are individual angles with a slotted hole
in the vertical leg to accommodate the fixing bolt.
The dimensions are chosen to suit the application.
The SA1 can also be supplied with a lip or dowels to
restrain the base of each stone.

SA2 Support Angles


These are similar to the SA1, but the bottom SA1 SA1 with Dowels

leg is inclined at 15° to provide restraint where


the support has to be positioned above the base of
the stone.

SA3 Support Angles


These are used for the support of thin facings
like marble or granite. The SA3 is positioned with the
vertical projecting plate in the vertical joint. The
horizontal dowel supports and restrains the stones at
each side. SA2 SA3

Typical Sizes for SA1 and SA2 Supports 150mm Long


e Load Fixing Overall
Position Thickness Height Height Outstand Fixing
e t c a b Load Bolt
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) Reference
8 70 100 73 3.4 FBN10/50 A4-125
60 10 70 100 73 5.4 FBN12/45 A4-145
8 70 100 93 2.5 FBN10/50 A4-125
a 80 10 70 100 93 3.9 FBN12/45 A4-145
c
12 100 130 93 5.8 FBN12/45 A4-145
8 70 100 113 1.9 FBN10/50 A4-125
100 10 70 100 113 3.1 FBN12/45 A4-145
b 12 100 130 113 4.5 FBN12/45 A4-145
t 12 100 130 133 3.7 FBN12/45 A4-145
120 16 120 150 133 5.7 FBN12/45 A4-145
140 16 120 150 153 5.2 FBN12/45 A4-145

ANCON ASB BRACKET

The ASB is an adjustable bracket for the support


of thin stone and rain-screen cladding. It offers
exceptional capacity for adjustment without cutting
on-site, allowing rapid and accurate installation of
stone panels. In conjunction with simple shims, which
are provided as standard, the vertical slot permits a
total vertical adjustment of up to 60mm in increments
of 1mm.

Very large cavities of up to 270mm are easily


accommodated. The standard ±20mm horizontal
ASB Bracket with Adjustable ASB Bracket with Adjustable
adjustment can be increased to ±25mm with the use Support Fully Retracted Support Fully Extended
of optional shims.

Manufactured from Grade 316 stainless steel,


each bracket can support up to 250kg, and is
designed for stone up to 50mm thickness.

23
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

ANCON MDC/S STONEWORK SUPPORTS

Ancon MDC/S Stonework Supports are based on


the MDC masonry support system. The bracket
height and depth are varied to suit the cavity size and
the loadings. The dimensions of the angle are
selected to suit the stonework to be supported.

Design Variations
The MDC/S Stonework Support can be supplied
in a variety of configurations to suit the particular
application.
Individual MDC/SD Stonework Support Bracket
Ancon MDC/SD has a dowel to restrain the base
of each stone, MDC/SC has the bottom leg of the
angle inclined at 15˚ to provide restraint where the
support has to be positioned above the base of the
stone.

Adjustment
The serrated and slotted face of the MDC/S
bracket allows a total vertical adjustment of up to
60mm. Cast-in channel will provide horizontal Shim
adjustment, but because fixing positions can be
difficult to predetermine, expansion bolts are often MDC/S

used. Shims can be included between the bracket


and the frame up to a maximum thickness of the
outside diameter of the fixing bolt, or 16mm,
whichever is less.
Adjustment of MDC/S Bracket
Details for Specification and Ordering
Ancon Stonework Supports are generally
designed to suit specific contracts. Ancon technical
staff will be pleased to discuss the most appropriate
support system. Standard stonework supports may
however be specified as follows:-

MDC / type / cavity / stone width / load


e.g. MDC / SD / 100 / 75 / 4

Ancon will design individual MDC/SD supports


with dowels to suit 75mm thick stone with a 100mm
cavity behind. Each bracket will support a load of
4kN.

SSB Stonework Support Bracket


ANCON SSB SUPPORT BRACKETS
Ancon SSB Support Brackets
The Ancon SSB Bracket supports and restrains Facing Cavity Adjustment Dead Wind Fixing Fixing
stonework with a facing thickness of between 25mm Thickness Size +/- Load Load Height Load
Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (N) (N) (mm) (N)
and 40mm. They can be positioned in either the
25
vertical or the horizontal joints and allow adjustment SSB-1 30 50 10 450 400 107 736
40
without the need for shims.
25
SSB-1a 30 60 10 450 400 107 779
Setting Out 40
Ancon can provide drawings showing the 25
SSB-2 30 60 10 850 750 132 1,330
location of stonework supports. Supports will be 40
referenced and scheduled. All details will be 25
SSB-2a 30 75 10 850 750 132 1,426
submitted for approval before manufacture. 40
25
SSB-2c 30 100 10 700 600 132 1,289
40

24
All lintels can be supplied insulated with CFC-
LINTELS
free, high density polystyrene manufactured in
Ancon Building Products manufactures a accordance with BS 3837 : Part 1 : 1986 to be CFC-
complete range of stainless steel lintels. The Housing free with an ozone depletion potential of zero.
and Unilintel ranges are designed to suit the light to
Fire Rating
medium duty loading conditions found in the majority
The Housing Lintel and the Unilintel have been
of residential and commercial buildings. Ancon’s
independently assessed for their performance in a
comprehensive standard range consists of:
fire and both have a one hour fire rating.
• Housing Lintels
• Unilintels Structural Performance

• Channel Lintels The safe working loads are derived by

• Solid Wall Lintels calculation and supported by tests to establish

• Single Leaf Lintels their validity in accordance with the provisions of

• Eaves and Timber Frame Lintels BS 5977 : Part 2 : 1983.

• Box Lintels Load Ratios


Bespoke lintels can also be manufactured to suit The safe working loads in the tables on pages
heavy duty situations, special shapes and wall 22 and 23 are for situations where the total distributed
constructions not covered by our standard range. load on the lintel is shared between the inner and outer
leaves in ratios of between 1:1 and 3:1 respectively.
For other load ratios, point loads or lintels carrying
concrete floors, please contact Ancon technical staff.

Installation
The lintel should be firmly bedded in mortar with
at least 150mm end bearing onto a full brick/block.
Please consult the Ancon Technical Department
when using limited bearing. The front and back of the
lintel must be level before proceeding and a separate
dpc incorporated if required.
The inner and outer leaves supported by the
lintel should be raised together to avoid twisting the
Brindley Place, Birmingham lintel; blocks should continue for the full length of the
inner flange. Masonry should have a maximum
Corrosion Resistance
overhang of 25mm and blockwork should be built as
Ancon Lintels are manufactured from Austenitic
close as possible to the upstand. Point loads should
stainless steel and will not require any further
be applied at least 150mm above lintel flanges.
corrosion protection. BS 5977 : Part 2 : 1983
Specification for prefabricated lintels, recognises the Although the lintels have a drip edge on the
unique corrosion properties of stainless steel in external flange to shed moisture, good practice
clause 4.2; “It is essential to protect all steels except should be followed at the junction of the window
Austenitic stainless steel from corrosion.” A separate head and lintel by sealing with a suitable mastic,
damp proof course is unnecessary with the Unilintel thereby ensuring that driving rain does not penetrate.
range, however some authorities currently require a Weep vents are generally required above lintels
damp proof course in areas of severe exposure as at a maximum of 450mm centres. Each opening
defined in BS 5628 : Part 3 : 1985 “Materials and should have at least two weep holes and stop ends
components, design and workmanship”, table 10. are required to prevent moisture penetration.
The Housing Lintel range does require a separate Long spanning lintels and all single leaf lintels
damp proof course; this should be provided in will require propping during installation to limit
accordance with the recommendations of BS 5628. deflections. If in doubt please contact Ancon
Thermal Performance technical staff.
The thermal transmittance, i.e. ‘U’ value, of Technical Assistance
any wall construction depends on the thermal Ancon’s Technical Department is available to
characteristics of the individual components being advise on specification, design, installation and
used. The design of both the Housing Lintel and structural loading conditions.
Unilintel is such that it allows for continuity of
construction down to window head level.

25
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Housing Lintels
These are suitable for most domestic,
250-285
small commercial developments and framed
275-310
structures. They are supplied complete with 100-124 50-74 95-120
insulation and metal lathing to provide a plaster key. 125-150
Housing lintels require a separate dpc.

Inner Wall Nom.


Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SH221 150 2.0 750-2100 20
SH321 150 3.0 750-1650 33
1800-2550 24
50-74 100-124 250-285 2700-3000 20
SH331 225 3.0 750-2550 50
2700-3300 35
3450-3900 30
SH221E 150 2.5 750-2550 20
SH321E 150 3.0 750-1650 30
1800-2550 20
50-74 125-150 275-310 2700-3000 18
SH331E 225 3.0 750-2550 40
100 42 95
2700-3300 30
125
3450-3900 25
50-74mm Cavity

275-310
300-335
100-124 75-99 95-120
125-150

Inner Wall Nom.


Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SH222 150 2.0 750-2100 20
SH322 150 3.0 750-1650 33
1800-2550 24
75-99 100-124 275-310 2700-3000 20
SH332 225 3.0 750-2550 50
2700-3300 35
3450-3900 30
SH222E 150 2.5 750-2550 20
SH322E 150 3.0 750-1650 30
75-99 125-150 300-335 1800-2550 20
2700-3000 18
SH332E 225 3.0 750-2550 40
2700-3900 30
100 67 95
125
75-99mm Cavity

300-335
325-360
100-124 100-125 95-120
125-150
Inner Wall Nom.
Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SH223 150 2.0 750-2100 20
SH323 150 3.0 750-1650 33
1800-2550 24
100-125 100-124 300-335 2700-3000 20
SH333 225 3.0 750-2550 50
2700-3300 35
3450-3900 30
SH223E 150 2.5 750-2550 20
SH323E 150 3.0 750-1650 30
1800-2550 20
100-125 125-150 325-360 2700-3000 18
SH333E 225 3.0 750-2550 40
2700-3900 30
Note: Total width of cavity, inner and outer leaves must be within the total wall width.
100 92 95
125
26 100-125mm Cavity
Unilintels
Unilintels are designed for commercial and other
developments and have the top flange built into the inner
250-285
leaf. They are complete with metal lathing to provide a 275-310
plaster key and can be used without a separate dpc. 100-124 50-74 95-120
Insulation can be supplied as an optional extra. 125-150

Inner Wall Nom.


Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SU221 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 30
2250-2700 25
SU321 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 38
2250-2700 31
SU231 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 50
50-74 100-124 250-285
2250-2700 48
SU331 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 48
3300-3900 36
SU431 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 58
SU531 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 65
SU221E 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 30
2250-2700 25
SU321E 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 38
100 42 95
2250-2700 31
125
SU231E 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 50
50-74 125-150 275-310 50-74mm Cavity
2250-2700 48
SU331E 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 48
3300-3900 36 275-310
SU431E 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 58 300-335
SU531E 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 65 100-124 75-99 95-120
125-150
Inner Wall Nom.
Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SU222 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 32
2250-2700 27
SU322 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 40
2250-2700 32
75-99 100-124 275-310 SU232 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 52
2250-2700 50
SU332 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 50
3300-3900 38
SU432 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 60
SU532 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 66
SU222E 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 32
2250-2700 27
SU322E 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 40
2250-2700 32
75-99 125-150 300-335 SU232E 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 52 100 67 95
2250-2700 50 125
SU332E 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 50
75-99mm Cavity
3300-3900 38
SU432E 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 60
SU532E 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 66 300-335
325-360
Inner Wall Nom. 100-124 100-125 95-120
Cavity Leaf Width Height Gauge Length SWL 125-150
(mm) (mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SU223 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 33
2250-2700 28
SU323 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 41
2250-2700 33
100-125 100-124 300-335 SU233 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 53
2250-2700 51
SU333 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 51
3300-3900 39
SU433 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 60
SU533 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 66
SU223E 157 2.5/2.0 750-2100 33
2250-2700 28
SU323E 157 3.0/2.0 750-2100 41
2250-2700 33
100-125 125-150 325-360 SU233E 233 2.5/2.0 750-2100 53
2250-2700 51
SU333E 233 3.0/2.0 2550-3150 51 100 92 95
3300-3900 39 125
SU433E 233 4.0/4.0 3000-3900 60
SU533E 233 5.0/5.0 3000-3900 66 100-125mm Cavity 27
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Channel Lintels
Designed to fit solid walls up to 225mm wide, the
Channel Lintel can be supplied with welded metal
lathing on any side to provide a plaster key.

Width 100mm
Nom.
Height Gauge Ixx Zxx Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (cm4) (cm3) (mm) kN)
SC211H 47 2.0 8.31 2.38 750-1500 20 47
SC322 155 3.0 328.4 37.3 750-1500 20
SC422 155 4.0 437.8 49.7 1650-2100 20
SC522 155 5.0 547.3 62.2 2250-3000 20 104
SC332 233 3.0 837.7 65.4 750-1500 20
SC432 233 4.0 1117.0 87.2 1650-2100 30 Lintel Ref: SC211H
SC532 233 5.0 1396.2 109.1 2250-3000 40
Note: Channel Lintels
These lintels have been tested using composite action with surrounding masonry to BS 5628, and
should be suitably restrained during construction.

Solid Wall Lintels


For use with solid walls, the Standard Duty has a
top flange built into the brickwork. The Light Duty
version is suitable for spans up to 2700mm.
Height
see table
Width 200mm (Standard Duty)
Nom.
Height Gauge Ixx Zxx Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (cm4) (cm3) (mm) kN)
100
SS321 158 3.0 503.6 58.7 750-1050 99
1200 98 Channel Lintel
1350 84
1500 73
1650 65
1800 59
1950 53
2100 49
2250 45
2400 42 Height
2550 39 see table
2700 37
SS331 233 3.0 1581.2 125.9 750-1350 132
1500 131
1650 116
1800 105
1950 95
2100 87
2250 80
2400 75
2550 70
2700 65 100 95
2850 62
3000 58
3150 55
Standard Duty Solid Wall Lintel
3300 52
3450 50
3600 48
SS431 233 4.0 2108.3 167.8 3750 61
3900 58

Width 200mm (Light Duty)


Nom. Height
Height Gauge Ixx Zxx Length SWL see table
Ref. (mm) (mm) (cm4) (cm3) (mm) kN)
SS312 75 3.0 57.3 9.7 750 12
900-1500 10
SS422 150 4.0 371.3 35.4 1650 15
1800-1950 14
2100-2700 13 200

Light Duty Solid Wall Lintel


28
Single Leaf Lintels
These lintels carry a single leaf, usually the
external leaf, of a cavity wall. The lintel can be
supplied with lips to either leg if required. Single leaf
lintels require a separate dpc.
Height
Outer see table
Leaf Height Gauge Ixx Zxx Length SWL
(mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (cm4) (cm3) (mm) (kN)
SL31 95 3 50.7 7.2 750-1800 4
SL41 95 4 66.5 9.5 750-2400 6
SL32 150 3 175.4 17.1 750-2400 8
SL42 150 4 231.2 22.6 750-2400 12 Single Leaf Lintel 95
95-120
2550-3300 10
SL43 200 4 502.5 38.6 750-2400 20
2550-3300 14
SL53 200 5 622.3 48.0 750-1800 30
1950-3300 26

Timber and Steel Frame Lintels


These lintels are designed to support the external
Height
brickwork over openings in timber or steel framed see table
buildings. Timber frame lintels are supplied with retaining
clips and should be used with separate dpc’s.

For Walls with 40-65mm Cavity


Nom.
Height Gauge Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
40 95
ST22 158 2.5 750-1800 15.0
1950-2100 13.0 Timber & Steel Frame Lintel
ST32 158 3.0 2250-2400 13.0 ST22-ST42
2550-2700 11.0
ST42 158 4.0 2850-3300 12.0
3450-3900 10.0

Eaves Lintels
Eaves lintels are built into the inner leaf at eaves
level. Metal lathing is welded to the underside to
provide a plaster key. Height
see table
Inner Nom.
Cavity Leaf Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SE321 155 3.0 750-1500 23 Inner leaf 100-125 100 65
50-74 100-125 SE421 155 4.0 1650-2100 25 Inner Leaf 125-150 125 90
SE521 155 5.0 2250-3000 25
SE321E 155 3.0 750-1500 23
50-74 125-150 SE421E 155 4.0 1650-2100 25 Eaves Lintel
SE521E 155 5.0 2250-3000 25
SE322 155 3.0 750-1500 23
75-100 100-125 SE422 155 4.0 1650-2100 25
SE522 155 5.0 2250-3000 25
SE322E 155 3.0 750-1500 23
75-100 125-150 SE422E 155 4.0 1650-2100 25
SE522E 155 5.0 2250-3000 25
Note: Eaves Lintels
These lintels have been tested using composite action with surrounding masonry to BS 5628, and
a continuous wall plate over the opening.

Eaves/Cant
Inner Nom.
Cavity Leaf Height Gauge Length SWL
(mm) (mm) Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SHE22 150 2.5 750-2100 25
50-74 100-125
SHE32 150 3.0 2250-2550 25
50
Note:
All profiles can be adapted to suit extended/reduced outer/inner toes. Housing Lintel with reduced leg used
at eaves
29
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

Box Beam Lintels


For use with solid wall constructions Box lintels
can be supplied with welded metal lathing to provide
a plaster key on any side.

Width 75mm
Nom.
Height Gauge Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SB211V 100 2.5 750-1350 20.7 75
1500 18.6
1650 16.9
1800 15.5 100
1950 13.8
2100 11.9 Lintel Ref: SB211H
Width 100mm
Nom.
Height Gauge Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SB211H 75 2.0 750-900 21.7
1050 18.6
1200 16.3
1350 14.5
1500 11.9
1650 9.9
1800 8.4
1950 7.2
2100 6.2
Height
SB222V 150 2.5 750-2100 28.6
see table
2250 26.7
2400 25.0
2550 23.5
2700 22.2 75, 100,140
2850 21.0
3000 19.3
SB232V 225 2.5 750-2100 51 Box Beam Lintels for 75-150mm walls
SB332V 225 3.0 2250-2850 44.6
3000 42.4
3150 40.4
3300 38.5
3450 36.9
3600 35.3
3750 33.9
3900 31.9

Width 140mm
Nom.
Height Gauge Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SB213V 100 2.5 750-1500 30.5
1650 27.7
1800 25.4
1950 22.6
2100 19.6
SB223V 150 2.5 750-2100 36.6
2250 34.1
2400 32.0
2550 30.1
2700 28.4
2850 26.9
3000 24.8
SB333V 225 3.0 750-3300 47.8
3450 45.7
3600 43.8
3750 42.1
3900 39.6
Height
Width 195mm see table
Nom.
Height Gauge Length SWL
Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN)
SBL22V 150 2.0 750-2100 28
SBL22V2 2.5 2250-2550 30
2700-3000 21
SBL23V 225 2.0 750-2100 43 100 95
SBL33V 3.0 2250-2850 61
30
3000-3450 50 Box Beam Lintels for 195mm walls
3600-3900 40
Custom Lintels
In order to meet the requirements of today’s
demanding industry, Ancon Building Products can
design and manufacture special stainless steel
lintels for applications where standard lintels are
inappropriate.
Solutions can be supplied for complex features
such as corbels and other architectural details.
Special cranked, bay, corner and cantilevered
corners are available in addition to the following arch Flat Top arch
shapes:

• Segmental arch
• Semi-circular arch
• Apex arch
• Gothic arch
• Flat top arch
• Double arch
• Arched on plan

Semi-circular arch

Gothic Arch
Ancon’s Technical Department will offer advice
on the most appropriate lintel or alternative methods
of supporting masonry.
Apex arch
The lintels shown on this page are only a few of
the options available. Please contact our technical
staff for more details.

Corner
Bespoke Lintel

To aid design please supply the following


information with your enquiry:
• Wall construction: outer leaf, inner leaf and
cavity size.
• Clear span of opening.
• Bearings available (if less than 225mm).
• Radius or rise of arch and angles for apex/
cranked and corner lintels.
If in doubt please contact our Specification
Services Team.
31
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

WINDPOSTS Ancon WP1 and WP3 Windposts


Ancon WP1 and WP3 Windposts are channel
Design Considerations
section windposts which are designed to be installed
Large panels of masonry or panels with
into the cavity leaving the blockwork undisturbed.
openings can often be difficult to justify structurally.
The windposts are complete with end connections
The traditional solutions have been to either increase
and ties which fit into the vertical slots in the flanges
the thickness of the wall or introduce an additional
of the channel section.
column. Ancon Windposts fit within the wall allowing
the existing thickness to be maintained.

WP1 Windpost with SDN and SPN Ties in


Cavity Wall

WP3 Windposts with SDN and SPN Ties


Providing Support for Brick Pier

Typical Layout of Windposts and Parapet Posts


on an Elevation of Brickwork Ancon WP2 Windposts
Ancon WP2 Windposts are angle section
windposts designed for either small cavities or where
wind loads are high. One leg of the angle windpost is
built into the blockwork, and the blockwork tied
through the leg of the windpost to minimise any
possible movement or cracking of internal finishes.
If a vertical movement joint is required in place of a
tied joint, ties with a plain end on one side can be
supplied.

WP2 Windpost with SDN and SNS Ties in


Cavity Wall

WP2 Windpost with SNS Tie and ST1 Wall Ties


Each Side of the Post

WP2 Windpost at Vertical Movement Joint in


the Inner Leaf of Blockwork with PNS Ties
WP3 Fixed to Concrete at the Base and a Across the Post
Steel Beam at the Top

32
Windpost Design
Ancon Windposts are designed to span
vertically between floors to provide lateral support for
panels of brickwork. The windposts will usually be
restrained by the brickwork and designed as ‘simply
supported beams’.
Deflection under wind load will often limit the
maximum loading. Windposts can be designed as
‘propped cantilevers’ to limit deflection, this however
will require a much larger base connection which in
many cases may be difficult to accommodate.
Connections to the frame are designed to permit WP1/WP3 WP2 Windposts
adjustment during installation. Serrated surfaces will Windposts will will usually have
usually have Ties at 225mm
be provided where adjustment is in the direction of Ties at 450mm Vertical Centres
the load. The top connection allows for shrinkage or Vertical Centres

vertical movement of the frame to take place.


The type of fixing will depend on the nature of the
frame. Expansion bolts or cast-in channels are
normally supplied for concrete frames and set
screws will be supplied for steel frames. The tables
on page 36 include part of our range of windposts.
For further information or advice on specific
applications, please contact Ancon technical staff.
225mm or to suit 225mm or to suit

WP1/WP3 Windpost Fixed to WP2 Windpost Fixed to Top of


Face of Concrete Structure Concrete and Underside of
Steel Beam

Parapet and Spandrel Posts


Ancon Parapet and Spandrel Posts are
restrained by the brickwork and designed as
‘cantilevers’. The base connection will need to be
sufficient to resist the ‘bending moment’ and may in
some cases be difficult to accommodate within the
floor construction. The height of these posts is
unlikely to be more than 1.6 metres. The tables on
page 37 include part of our range of parapet and
spandrel posts. For further information or advice on
specific applications, please contact Ancon
technical staff.

WP1/WP3 Parapet Post Fixed WP2 Spandrel Post Fixed to


to Face of Concrete Top and Face of Concrete, with
Horizontal Rail at the Top of
the Post

33
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

FIXINGS FOR WINDPOSTS AND


PARAPET POSTS

Connections to the frame can be made in a


variety of ways and will depend on the type of post,
structure and fixing being used. Typical examples of
connections are shown below. For more specific
details please consult our technical staff.

Details for Specification and Ordering


The following clause can be adapted for your
bill of quantities to aid the specification of Ancon
Windposts and Parapet Posts.
Top Connection of a WP2 Windpost Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost
Ancon Windposts WP3 65 x 60 x 4 in grade 304 to the Soffit of the Concrete to the Face of the Concrete
stainless steel, overall length 2750mm complete with
all ties and end connections. Fixed with Ancon
FBN12/15 A4-115 Expansion Bolts.
Ancon Windposts are designed and
manufactured to suit each individual project.
Sufficient time should be allowed for the design,
approval and manufacturing process when placing
orders for windposts.

Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost Top Connection of a WP2 Windpost


to the Underside of a Steel Beam to the Underside of a Steel Beam

Base Connection of a WP3 Windpost to


Combideck

Top Connection of a WP2 Windpost Top Connection of a WP3 Windpost


to the Underside of a Timber Beam to the Top of a Timber Beam

200mm 100mm

WP2 Parapet Post Fixed using Expansion Bolts


into the Concrete
Base Connection of a WP2 Windpost Base Connection of a WP2 Parapet
to the Top of a Concrete Slab Post to the Top and Face of a
Concrete Slab

34
Connections
The choice of the type of fixing and its position
in the structure should be considered when the
windpost or parapet post has been selected. This is
particularly important when the post is to be fixed to
concrete. Expansion bolts are usually kept 100mm
from an edge and 150mm apart; closer edge
distance and spacing can be achieved with cast-in
channels. The bolt in the slotted connection at the top
should be positioned so that vertical movement of
the frame can take place. The details shown below
are typical. The slotted holes in the base plate can be
positioned diagonally to provide adjustment in two WP2 Windpost Bolted to the Top of WP3 Windpost Fixed Directly to the
a Concrete Floor Slab Foundations
directions.
A range of ties is available to suit Ancon
Windposts. SDN Ties are used to the outer leaf, SPN
Ties to the inner leaf and SNS Ties across the posts
in the inner blockwork. PNS Ties with debonding
sleeves can also be used in the inner blockwork
where there is a vertical joint. SPN

SDN

SNS
PNS

35mm

100mm 100mm

150mm
WP3 Windpost Fixed using Expansion Bolts
into Concrete at the Top and Bottom

35mm

100mm 100mm

WP2 Windpost Bolted to a


Steel Beam at the Top and
Fixed to Concrete at the
Base

175mm 175mm 35
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

PROPERTIES AND RECOMMENDED


LOADS FOR WINDPOSTS

Ancon Windposts are designed as ‘simply


supported beams’ with a maximum stress of
a
181N/mm2 and a maximum deflection of span/360.
a a
The tables below include part of Ancon’s range
t t t
of windposts. For further information or advice
on specific applications, please contact our
b b b
technical staff.
WP1 WP3 WP2

Properties and Performance of WP1 and WP3 Windposts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Wind Load (kN) for Various Post Heights
axbxt cm4 cm3 2.5m 3.0m 3.5m 4.0m 4.5m 5.0m 5.5m 6.0m
60 x 60 x 4 41.9 14.0 2.9 2.0 1.5 - - - - -
WP1
80 x 60 x 4 84.4 21.1 5.8 4.0 2.9 2.3 1.8 1.4 - -
55 x 60 x 4 32.7 11.9 2.2 1.6 - - - - - -
55 x 60 x 5 38.7 14.1 2.6 1.8 - - - - - -
65 x 60 x 4 48.0 14.8 3.3 2.3 1.7 - - - - -
65 x 60 x 5 57.1 17.6 3.9 2.7 2.0 1.5 - - - -
75 x 60 x 4 66.7 17.8 4.6 3.2 2.3 1.8 - - - -
75 x 60 x 5 79.7 21.3 5.4 3.8 2.8 2.1 1.7 - - -
WP3 85 x 60 x 4 88.9 20.9 6.1 4.2 3.1 2.4 1.9 1.5 - -
85 x 60 x 5 106.7 25.1 7.3 5.1 3.7 2.8 2.3 1.8 1.5 -
95 x 60 x 5 138.3 29.1 9.4 6.6 4.8 3.7 2.9 2.4 2.0 1.6
105 x 60 x 5 174.9 33.3 11.9 8.3 6.1 4.7 3.7 3.0 2.5 2.1
115 x 60 x 5 216.6 37.7 14.8 10.3 7.5 5.8 4.6 3.7 3.1 2.6
115 x 60 x 6 246.2 42.8 16.7 11.7 8.6 6.6 5.2 4.2 3.5 2.9
115 x 60 x 8 304.4 52.9 16.7 14.4 10.6 8.1 6.4 5.2 4.3 3.6
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties at 225mm centres.

Properties and Performance of WP2 Windposts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Wind Load (kN) for Various Post Heights
axbxt cm4 cm3 2.5m 3.0m 3.5m 4.0m 4.5m 5.0m 5.5m 6.0m
125 x 70 x 4 125.9 15.2 8.6 6.0 4.4 3.4 2.7 2.1 1.8 1.5
140 x 70 x 4 171.1 18.8 10.9 8.1 6.0 4.6 3.6 2.9 2.4 2.0
130 x 70 x 6 202.1 24.0 13.8 9.6 7.0 5.4 4.3 3.4 2.9 2.4
155 x 70 x 4 225.3 22.7 13.2 10.7 7.8 6.0 4.7 3.8 3.2 2.7
170 x 70 x 4 289.2 27.0 15.6 13.0 10.1 7.7 6.1 4.9 4.1 3.4
150 x 70 x 6 298.5 31.4 16.7 14.1 10.4 8.0 6.3 5.1 4.2 3.5
WP2
160 x 70 x 6 355.8 35.4 16.7 16.9 12.4 9.5 7.5 6.1 5.0 4.2
185 x 70 x 4 363.5 31.5 16.7 15.2 12.7 9.7 7.7 6.2 5.1 4.3
150 x 80 x 8 406.6 42.2 16.7 19.3 14.2 10.8 8.6 6.9 5.7 4.8
185 x 70 x 5 448.8 39.1 16.7 18.9 15.6 12.0 9.5 7.7 6.3 5.3
160 x 80 x 8 485.1 47.7 16.7 20.0 16.9 12.9 10.2 8.3 6.8 5.7
200 x 70 x 5 554.5 45.2 16.7 20.0 18.7 14.8 11.7 9.5 7.8 6.6
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties to the outer leaf at 225mm centres. Ties to the inner leaf will always be at 225mm centres.

36
PROPERTIES AND RECOMMENDED
LOADS FOR PARAPET POSTS

Ancon Parapet and Spandrel Posts are the maximum point load at the top. Posts should be
designed with a maximum stress of 181N/mm2 and a selected from the appropriate table. If the post is to
maximum deflection of height /180. The tables below be designed for both uniformly distributed and point
indicate the maximum uniformly distributed load and loads, please contact Ancon technical staff.

Properties and Performance of WP1 and WP3 Parapet Posts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Wind Load (kN) for Various Post Heights
axbxt cm4 cm3 0.8m 1.0m 1.2m 1.4m 1.6m 1.8m 2.0m
60 x 60 x 4 41.9 14.0 5.3 3.7 2.6 1.9 1.5 1.2 0.9
WP1
80 x 60 x 4 84.4 21.1 5.3 6.7 5.2 3.8 2.9 2.3 1.9
55 x 60 x 4 32.7 11.9 4.5 2.9 2.0 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.7
55 x 60 x 5 38.7 14.1 5.3 3.4 2.4 1.8 1.3 1.1 0.9
65 x 60 x 4 48.0 14.8 5.3 4.3 3.0 2.2 1.7 1.3 1.1
65 x 60 x 5 57.1 17.6 5.3 5.1 3.5 2.6 2.0 1.6 1.3
WP3
75 x 60 x 4 66.7 17.8 5.3 5.9 4.1 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.5
75 x 60 x 5 79.7 21.3 5.3 6.7 4.9 3.6 2.8 2.2 1.8
85 x 60 x 4 88.9 20.9 5.3 6.7 5.5 4.0 3.1 2.4 2.0
85 x 60 x 5 106.7 25.1 5.3 6.7 6.6 4.8 3.7 2.9 2.4
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties at 225mm centres.

Properties and Performance of WP1 and WP3 Parapet Posts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Point Load at Top of Parapet Post (kN)
axbxt cm4 cm3 0.8m 1.0m 1.2m 1.4m 1.6m 1.8m 2.0m
60 x 60 x 4 41.9 14.0 2.2 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
WP1
80 x 60 x 4 84.4 21.1 3.8 2.8 2.0 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.7
55 x 60 x 4 32.7 11.9 1.7 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3
55 x 60 x 5 38.7 14.1 2.0 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
65 x 60 x 4 48.0 14.8 2.5 1.6 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4
65 x 60 x 5 57.1 17.6 3.0 1.9 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5
WP3
75 x 60 x 4 66.7 17.8 3.2 2.2 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.6
75 x 60 x 5 79.7 21.3 3.9 2.7 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.7
85 x 60 x 4 88.9 20.9 3.8 3.0 2.1 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.7
85 x 60 x 5 106.7 25.1 4.6 3.6 2.5 1.8 1.4 1.1 0.9
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties at 225mm centres.

Properties and Performance of WP2 Parapet Posts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Wind Load (kN) for Various Post Heights
axbxt cm4 cm3 0.8m 1.0m 1.2m 1.4m 1.6m 1.8m 2.0m
125 x 70 x 4 125.9 15.2 5.3 5.5 4.6 4.0 3.5 3.1 2.8
140 x 70 x 4 171.1 18.8 5.3 6.7 5.7 4.9 4.3 3.8 3.4
130 x 70 x 6 202.1 24.0 5.3 6.7 7.3 6.2 5.5 4.8 4.4
155 x 70 x 4 225.3 22.7 5.3 6.7 6.9 5.9 5.2 4.6 4.1
170 x 70 x 4 289.2 27.0 5.3 6.7 8.0 7.0 6.1 5.4 4.9
150 x 70 x 6 298.5 31.4 5.3 6.7 8.0 8.1 7.1 6.3 5.7
WP2
160 x 70 x 6 355.8 35.4 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.2 8.0 7.1 6.4
185 x 70 x 4 363.5 31.5 5.3 6.7 8.0 8.2 7.2 6.4 5.7
150 x 80 x 8 406.6 42.2 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.3 9.6 8.5 7.7
185 x 70 x 5 448.8 39.1 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.3 8.9 7.9 7.1
160 x 80 x 8 485.1 47.7 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.3 10.8 9.6 8.6
200 x 70 x 5 554.5 45.2 5.3 6.7 8.0 9.3 10.2 9.1 8.2
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties to the outer leaf at 225mm centres. Ties to the inner leaf will always be at 225mm centres.

Properties and Performance of WP2 Parapet Posts


Size Ixx Zxx Maximum Unfactored Point Load at Top of Parapet Post (kN)
axbxt cm4 cm3 0.8m 1.0m 1.2m 1.4m 1.6m 1.8m 2.0m
125 x 70 x 4 125.9 15.2 2.8 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1
140 x 70 x 4 171.1 18.8 3.4 2.7 2.3 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.4
130 x 70 x 6 202.1 24.0 4.4 3.5 2.9 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.7
155 x 70 x 4 225.3 22.7 4.1 3.3 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7
170 x 70 x 4 289.2 27.0 4.9 3.9 3.3 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.0
150 x 70 x 6 298.5 31.4 5.7 4.6 3.8 3.3 2.9 2.5 2.3
WP2
160 x 70 x 6 355.8 35.4 6.4 5.1 4.3 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.6
185 x 70 x 4 363.5 31.5 5.7 4.6 3.8 3.3 2.9 2.5 2.3
150 x 80 x 8 406.6 42.2 7.7 6.1 5.1 4.4 3.8 3.4 3.1
185 x 70 x 5 448.8 39.1 7.1 5.7 4.7 4.1 3.6 3.2 2.8
160 x 80 x 8 485.1 47.7 8.6 6.9 5.8 4.9 4.3 3.8 3.5
200 x 70 x 5 554.5 45.2 8.2 6.6 5.5 4.7 4.1 3.6 3.3
Note: Figures in bold indicate that these posts require ties to the outer leaf at 225mm centres. Ties to the inner leaf will always be at 225mm centres.

37
Masonry Support, Windposts & Lintels

CHANNEL AND BOLT FIXINGS

The choice of the correct fixing is important for These tables include a selection of our fixings. For
applications involving the support of large areas of complete information please refer to Ancon’s
external masonry. Channel & Bolt Fixings brochure.
Cast-in Channels
Bolt Max T-Bolt SWL SWL Fixture Preferred Edge Min. Bolt Bolt
Size Shims Length Tension Shear Hole Dia. Lengths Distance Spacing Torque
Channel Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
28/15 M10 10 30, 50 4.3 4.3 11 3,000 50 200 20
38/17 M12 12 40, 50 7.0 8.0 13 3,000 75 200 30
30/20 M12 12 40, 50 7.5 8.0 13 3,000 75 200 50
40/25 M16 16 40, 50 8.0 10.0 17 3,000 100 200 70
CombiDeck 28/15 M10 10 30, 50 3.75 3.75 11 3,000 55 200 20
CombiDeck 38/17 M12 12 40, 50 6.0 7.0 13 3,000 55 200 30
AnconLock 41/27 M16 16 50 11.3 6.8 17 100 100 200 70
Note: Shear loads for AnconLock 41/27 are in the direction of the channel, all other shear loads are at right angles to the channel

Single Expansion Bolts


Thread Max Overall Fixing SWL SWL Concrete Fixture Min. Edge Min. Bolt Bolt
Size Shims Length Thickness Tension Shear Hole Dia. Hole Dia. Embedment Distance Spacing Torque
Bolt Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
FBN10/15 A4-90 M10 10 90 15 5.8 7.5 10 11 50 75 150 30
FBN10/15 A4-90 M10 10 90 15 5.0 6.5 10 11 50 65 150 30
FBN10/50 A4-125 M10 10 125 50 5.8 7.5 10 11 50 75 150 30
FBN10/50 A4-125 M10 10 125 50 5.0 6.5 10 11 50 65 150 30
FBN12/15 A4-115 M12 12 115 15 10.9 12.9 12 13 70 105 210 50
FBN12/15 A4-115 M12 12 115 15 9.3 11.0 12 13 70 90 210 50
FBN12/45 A4-145 M12 12 145 45 10.9 12.9 12 13 70 105 210 50
FBN12/45 A4-145 M12 12 145 45 9.3 11.0 12 13 70 90 210 50
FB16/25 A4-148 M16 16 148 25 11.7 17.2 16 17 80 160 240 110
FB16/25 A4-148 M16 16 148 25 8.0 7.5 16 17 80 120 240 110
FB16/50 A4-173 M16 16 173 50 11.7 17.2 16 17 80 160 240 110
FB16/50 A4-173 M16 16 173 50 8.0 7.5 16 17 80 120 240 110

High Performance Bolts


Thread Max. Overall Fixing SWL SWL Concrete Fixture Min. Edge Min. Bolt Bolt
Size Shims Length Thickness Tension Shear Hole Dia. Hole Dia. Embedment Distance Spacing Torque
Bolt Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
FH12/25 A4-110 M8 12 110 25 7.6 8.0 12 13 60 90 180 25
FH15/25 A4-126 M10 15 126 25 11.7 13.1 15 16 70 105 210 40
FH15/50 A4-151 M10 15 151 50 11.7 13.1 15 16 70 105 210 40
FH18/25 A4-158 M12 16 158 25 16.6 19.4 18 20 100 150 300 80
FH18/50 A4-183 M12 16 183 50 16.6 19.4 18 20 100 150 300 80
FAZ16/25 A4-145 M16 16 145 25 17.5 25.8 16 18 85 130 260 110
FAZ16/50 A4-170 M16 16 170 50 17.5 25.8 16 18 85 130 260 110

Capsule Anchors
Thread Max. Overall Fixing SWL SWL Concrete Fixture Min. Edge Min. Bolt Bolt
Size Shims Length Thickness Tension Shear Hole Dia. Hole Dia. Embedment Distance Spacing Torque
Bolt Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
CA10/20-130 M10 10 130 20 7.6 9.3 12 11 90 90 180 20
CA10/20-130 M10 10 130 20 4.1 5.1 12 11 90 50 180 20
CA12/25-160 M12 12 160 25 11.3 13.6 14 13 110 110 220 40
CA12/25-160 M12 12 160 25 6.1 7.3 14 13 110 60 220 40
CA16/35-190 M16 16 190 35 15.4 25.2 18 17 125 125 250 80
CA16/35-190 M16 16 190 35 8.0 13.1 18 17 125 65 250 80

Resin Anchors
Thread Max. Overall Fixing SWL SWL Concrete Fixture Min. Edge Min. Bolt Bolt
Size Shims Length Thickness Tension Shear Hole Dia. Hole Dia. Embedment Distance Spacing Torque
Bolt Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
RA10/20-130 M10 10 130 20 6.3 5.2 12-14 11 90 110 220 20
RA10/20-130 M10 10 130 20 2.5 2.1 12-14 11 90 45 220 20
RA12/25-160 M12 12 160 25 8.6 7.2 14-16 13 110 130 260 40
RA12/25-160 M12 12 160 25 3.6 3.0 14-16 13 110 55 260 40
RA16/35-190 M16 16 260 35 12.0 10.6 18-20 17 125 165 330 80
RA16/35-190 M16 16 260 35 4.6 4.1 18-20 17 125 65 330 80

Ancon Steelgrip
Thread Max. Overall Fixing SWL SWL Steelwork Fixture Bolt
Size Shims Length Thickness Tension Shear Hole Dia. Hole Dia. Torque
Bolt Reference (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (kN) (kN) (mm) (mm) (Nm)
Ancon Steelgrip M10 16 70 28 10.0 6.0 19 19 45
Note: Steelgrip is only for use with Ancon Masonry Support Systems

Set Screws for Steel Frames


Area at
Nominal Size Max. Area of Root of SWL SWL Property Fixture Bolt
of Bolt Shims Shank Thread Tension Shear Class Hole Dia. Torque
(mm) (mm) (mm2) (mm2) (kN) (kN) (mm) (Nm)
38 M10 10 78 58 17.4 12.0 70 11 27
M12 12 113 84 25.2 17.4 70 13 48
M16 16 201 157 47.1 32.5 70 17 120
APPLICATIONS OTHER ANCON PRODUCTS

Ancon has an extensive range of stainless steel


products for the construction industry.

Wall Ties and Restraint Fixings


In addition to standard cavity wall ties, Ancon
manufactures ties in a variety of lengths and types for
restraining brickwork, blockwork and stonework.
These ties can be fixed to concrete and structural
steelwork, as well as any type of masonry.

Channel and Bolt Fixings


Cast-in channels are used for fixing masonry
support systems to the edges of concrete floors and
Brindley Place, Birmingham beams. Channels are available in different sizes
ranging from simple self anchoring channels for
restraints, to large capacity channels with integral
anchors. Expansion bolts, resin anchors and set
screws in stainless steel complete the range of
fixings.

Tension Systems
Tie bars are increasingly being used in
structures and buildings as an architectural as well
Commercial Development Gunnels Wood Road,
as a structural element. Ancon Tension Systems
Stevenage
comprise a range of components which can be
supplied in carbon steel or stainless steel in a variety
of sizes and finishes.

Shear Load Connectors


Staifix DSD and ESD Shear Load Connectors are
used to transfer shear across expansion and
contraction joints in concrete. They are more effective
at transferring load and allowing movement to take
place than standard dowels, and can be used to
eliminate double columns at structural movement
Residential Development, Horseferry Road, London
joints in buildings.

Flooring and Formed Sections


Ancon’s Stainless Steel Floorplate and Open
Grid Flooring are ideal for environments where
corrosion resistance, hygiene, durability, slip
resistance, or low maintenance are essential. Cold
Formed Sections can be offered with a range of
ancillary operations such as punching, curving and
Mansfield Magistrates Court profiling. Special stainless steel fabrications can be
produced to customers’ requirements.

39
Ancon Building Products
President Way, President Park, Sheffield S4 7UR
Tel: +44 (0) 114 275 5224
Fax: +44 (0) 114 276 8543
Email: info@ancon.co.uk
Visit: www.ancon.co.uk
ROI Technical Helpline
Tel/Fax: 01 460 1888
© Ancon Building Products 2000

BS EN ISO 9001 : 1994


FM12226

The construction applications and details provided in this literature are


indicative only. In every case, project working details should be entrusted
to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.

Whilst every care has been exercised in the preparation of this document
to ensure that any advice, recommendations or information is accurate,
no liability or responsibility of any kind is accepted in respect of
Ancon Building Products.

With a policy of continuous product development Ancon Building Products


reserves the right to modify product design and specification without due notice.