Recent FTTH Technologies and Massive Recent FTTH Technologies and Massive FTTH Deployment in the World FTTH

Deployment in the World
July 15th, 2008 Broadband World Forum Asia Hong Kong

Hiroshi Yokosuka Fujikura Ltd.

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Contents
1. Current FTTH Deployment in the World 1.1 Japan 1.2 North America & Europe 2. FTTH Technologies 2.1 GEPON 2.2 Optical Fiber & Cable 2.3 Accessories & Premise Wiring 3. FTTH Deployment Considerations 3.1 Why FTTH, why now? 3.2 How much bandwidth? 3.3 Why GEPON? 3.4 Economical cable network configuration

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1.Current FTTH Deployment in the World
FrT starts to deploy FTTH soon?
NW

IL
EU 1.3M

UK FR SP

SW
DM

CA RU
Mass deployment in Korea, Taiwan and China soon?
Korea 1.2M

Home Passed 11.8m, Connected 2.9 m (March 2008)
USA 3Million

NE IT PK KW
UAE Commercial deployment in Kuwait & UAE

CH

Japan 11Million

TW TH SG

MX

IN

PH

BR SA VIC
●Commercial ●Trial ●Planning
Victoria Colt Tasmanian Colt

NZ

16.3Million
(Dec. 2007 Estimated by FJK )

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1.1 FTTH Deployment in Japan

December 31st, 2007

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1.2.1

North America

Now 3 million

Now 12Million

From FTTH Council USA 2007
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1.2.2 Europe

From FTTH Council Europe 2007
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2. FTTH Technologies
Central Office Wiring Outside Plant Premise Wiring MDU Central Office
PSTN/IPNW Termination Box

SDU

Indoor Cable

GEPON ONU

Aerial Drop Cable GEPON FTM Fiber Distribution Hub Fiber Outlet Fiber distribution Frame HH

Slotted-Core Cable

UG Closure

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2.1 GEPON
◆GE PON: Gigabit Ethernet Passive Optical Network ◆Features:
OLT

Central Office

IP Network IP Network

●Optical Bi-directional transmission system over a single optical fiber using WDM technology. ●Max. 64 subscribers ●Access line speed :1Gbps ●Framing :Ethernet frame

Craft Terminal 1Gbps EMS 1.49μm μ Max. 20km 0 Max. 64 branches/PON port 1.31μm μ

◆GE PON System consists of:
●OLT(Optical Line Terminal) Central Office equipment ●ONU(Optical Network Unit) Customer Premise Equipment ●EMS(Element Management System) Remote Supervisory System ●Craft Terminal Initial setting

Subscribers
1 1 1

ONU UNI:10/100/1000BASE-T :

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2.1.1 GE-PON Equipment Description
I/F Unit (Up to 16 per Chassis)

3 Funs at the back

PON Optical I/F 1 PON port

I/F Unit supports 1 PON port & 1 Uplink port (1000BASE-T/SFP)

Control Unit

Redundant Power Unit

10/100/1000BASE-T Port for UNI

OLT (Chassis type)

ONU

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2.1.2 GE-PON Quality of Service Control
Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation - High Accuracy Bandwidth Control
User#1

Bandwidth Control

User#2 User#3 User#32

Maximum BW at PON 1Gbps about 30 about 30 about 30

1000Mbps 1000Mbps 1000Mbps

3 types of service level: • Best Effort Service • The system allocates Guaranteed Service • Fixed Bandwidth Service BW to each ONU

Class Priority Control - Enables high transmission quality for latency sensitive data
Voice


Video

Priority:High

ONU


Web


Email

L2/L3 Switch

Priority:Low The sequence of data is rearranged according to priority. Video and Voice data which are sensitive to time lag are transmitted first to avoid service interruption

IGMP Snooping - Enables transmission of single data for multiple user thus saving Bandwidth
MultiCast Group 1

Sending MultiCast Data

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A B

C D

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

D C B A

2 3 #r e s U ~ 2 #r e s U 1 #r e s U B A D

~ ~ ~ ~

to OLT

4 class priority control is performed based on the priority field of IEEE802.1p VLAN-tag or TOS field of IP header

MultiCast Group 2

IGMP Snooping makes ONU select necessary contents. No repetition of same data is sent thus saving precious bandwidth.

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ecnailpmoc IME noitallatsnI ylppus rewoP noitcnuf tseT ecafretni SMN lortnoc ytiroirP lortnoc WB htgnel rebiF srebircsbus elbaliavA htgnelevaW .tpO etar tiB NOP trop tfarC trop SME trop NOP trop INN TROP
OLT

ONU

2.1.3 GE-PON OLT & ONU Specifications

11

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2.2. Optical Cable
SMF

2.2.1-1 Optical Fibers

♦FutureGuide®-SM Single-Mode Fiber (ITU-TG.652.B) ♦FutureGuide®-LWP Low-Water-Peak Single-Mode Fiber (ITU-T G.652.D) ♦ FutureGuide®-LS Low-Stimulated Brillouin Scattering Low-Water-Peak Single-Mode Fiber (ITU-T G.652D)

BIF
♦ FutureGuide®-SR15 Bend Insensitive (R=15mm) SM Fiber (ITU-T G.657.A) ♦ FutureGuide®-SR15E Bend Insensitive (R=15mm) LWP SM Fiber (ITU-T G.657.A) ♦ FutureGuide®-SR7.5 Ultra Bend Insensitive (R=7.5mm) SM Fiber NZ-DSF ♦ FutureGuide®-LA Large-Effective-Area NZ-DSF (ITU-T G.655) (Aeff: 72μm2) μ ®-SS ♦ FutureGuide Small-Dispersion-Slope NZ-DSF (ITU-T G.655) (S1550: 0.05ps/nm2•km) ♦ FutureGuide®-USS Ultra Small-Dispersion-Slope NZ-DSF (ITU-T G.656) (S1550: 0.02ps/nm2•km) MMF ♦ FutureGuide®-MM Multi Mode Fiber with 50μm (IEC 60793-10 A1a) or 62.5μm (A1a) of Core Diameter μ μ

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2.2.1-2 Bend Insensitive Fiber
Features – Fujikura’s original “trench index profile” – Achieves both low bending loss and low splicing loss Application – In-house wiring in FTTH – Optical Interconnection
Frequency Refractive index profile of trench fiber
MFD= 7.2um λ=1.31um MFD= 6.6um step-index fiber with SR7.5 equivalent bend performance SR7.5

MFD= 8.6um

14 12 10 8 6 4 2

R=30 mm

SR15

R=15 mm

FutureGuide®-SR15(E)
R=7.5 mm

0

0.0

0.1

0.2 0.3

0.4

0.5 0.6

FutureGuide®-SR7.5
Bend diameters of SM fibers

Spice Loss (dB)

Splice loss to conventional fiber by mechanical splice
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2.2.2-1 Optical Fiber Cables
Slotted Core Cable
Helical Slotted-Core Cable
- Up to 1,000fibers per cable - 28mm Diameter

Drop and Indoor Cables
Supporting Wire (1.2mm Steel) Tension Member Fiber Notch Sheath

SZ Slotted-Core Cable
- Up to 640fibers per cable - 29mm Diameter

Flexible Indoor Cable

Non- Metallic Drop Cable

Easy-Split Ribbon Fiber
Easy-Split Ribbon Fiber - Easy mid-span branching - No fiber wastage - Simple tool

Drop and Indoor Cables - Small Diameter & Light Weight for Easy Handling during Installation - Simple Structure Enables Very Low Deployment Cost - Fast & Easy to Install without the need of Special Tools - Flexible & High Bending Radius for Installation in Space Constraint Areas

R=15mm

Saving Construction Space 1/2 in radius = 1/4 in size Compared with G.652.D

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2.2.2 -2 Comparison (96F) Ribbon Cable vs. Loose tube Cable

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2.3 Accessories 2.3.1 Arc Fusion Splicing System SpliceMate
・ Single fiber to four fiber ribbon ・ 3.5 inch monitor ・ W110xD80xH100 ・810g(battery included)

CT-30
・Single fiber to 12 fiber ribbon ・W69xD82xH42 ・250g

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2.3.2 Field Installable Connectors & Mechanical splice
Field Installable Connectors
• Quick Connection • Reduction in Installation & Maintenance Time • No Polishing or cumbersome assembly tools • Available for 0.25 & 0.90mm fiber & Drop Cables • Fully compatible with Standard SC connectors
Connector main unit Plug housing

FAST-LC FAST-SC-GT

Mechanical Splice
• Quick & Reliable Connection Between 2 Fibers • Available for splicing 0.25mm & 0.90mm Fibers • Low Loss and High Reliability for FTTH Deployment • Simple Mechanical Splicing Procedure • Small Size (W4 x H4 x L40mm) for Easy Storage • Field Proven & Widely Deployed around the World • External Power Source Not Required • Light Weight, Compact & Practical Tool Set

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leG gnihctaM

FAST-SC

rebif-mu052

pmalc trap gnitaoC

elurreF pmalc rebiF rebif dellatsni-erP

Wedges

Simple Installation Procedure

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2.3.4 Fused-fiber and PLC Splitters
Features • Fused taper type for 1x2 and 1x4 splits • PLC (Planar Lightwave Circuit) type for 1x4, 1x8, 1x16 and 1x32 splits • PLC splitters measure 4 x 4 x 40 mm to fit into splice trays in demarcation boxes and closures (1x32 PLC splitter measures 4 x 6.5 x 50 mm) • Telcordia GR-1221-CORE level Reliability • Available in 19” Rack Mount Module Unit Type • Low insertion and polarization dependent losses • Operational at 1310 nm, 1490 nm and 1550 nm
PLC chip Fiber array

1x2 1x4

light

Optical fiber ribbon UV curable adhesive

Y branch
PLC Splitters

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2.3.5-1 Building Wiring
Optical Outlet Termination Box FTB-601 Field Installable Mechanical Splice

Case-1
Indoor Cable

Field Installable SC Connector Bend Insensitive Patch Cord

Case-1: High Residential Unit Count
High fiber count Riser Cables are wired into the building riser The Indoor Cables are terminated at a Termination Box and spliced with 2-fiber Indoor Cables The 2-fiber Indoor Cables are wired to individual customer premises

Riser Cable

Case-2

Termination Box Central Office Splitter Module & Rack

Case-2: Low Residential Unit Count
High fiber count Indoor Cables output from the Termination Box are spliced in a Fiber Splicing Box (FSB-24/48F) The fibers are spliced with 2-fiber Indoor Cables The 2-core Indoor Cables are wired directly to each customer premise Fiber Splice Box FSB-24/48F

Termination Box

Underground Closure High Fiber Count Slotted-Core Cable Fujikura Ltd. Proprietary and Confidential

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2.3.5-2 SDU Wiring

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3. FTTH Deployment Considerations
3.1 Why FTTH, Why Now? 3.2 How much bandwidth do we need? 3.3 Why GEPON, not GPON? 3.4 Economical cable network configuration? - Centralized or two stage Splitter? -Air-blown or conventional duct cable system?

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3.1 Why FTTH, why now? --FTTH is the most future proof solution

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3.2-1 How much bandwidth do we need?

Nielsen’s law: Annualized growth rate of internet bandwidth is 50%
Moore’s Law is that the CPU speed increase 100% in 18 months.

From FTTH Council Europe Conference 2008

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3.2-2 Bandwidth Requirements

From FTTH Council Europe Conference 2008

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3.2-3 Download Time

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3.3-1 Why GEPON, not GPON?
1) Services
a) High-quality IP Telephone and IP video are becoming important “ Basic FTTH services” b) Leased line users are shifting to “less expensive Ethernet Leased Line.”

2) Networks
a) Full IP backbone networks for B-FLET’s & NGN b) Switches & routers in the network employ Ethernet Interface No need to employ ATM. EPON is very suitable for IP networks and IP services.

3) System
a) In terms of quality and reliability, Carrier-grade GEPON has been realized.

EPON is the optimal FTTH system for the future.

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3.3-2 GE-PON vs G-PON

Verison

China
UAE/Kuwait

India

ASEAN

B-PON
+B-PON is now popular in USA and Europe.

GE-PON

Commercial GE-PON Trial B PON Commercial G PON Commercial G PON Trial GE PON G PON Evaluation

+GE-PON has been widely used for more than three years in Japan and now there are more than 4 million GEPON subscribers. +KT has started FTTH mass deployment with GEPON. +GE-PON is used in large scale field trials in China, Philippine, Taiwan and Thailand. 27

G-PON
+G-PON is not widely used yet. ・Verizon selected G-PON venders. +G-PON is now much expensive than GE-PON.
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‐ /

NOP EG ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐

3.3.3 PON is more economical than P to P

PtP

GPON

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3.4.1 Economical FTTH Cable NW Configuration
Central Office
4x1
WD M

splitter

Drop

Central Office
OLT (B-PON)
(622/155Mbps)

USA
Splitters
Distribution Terminal
ONT ONT

Video Amp (EDF A)

FD F

Feeder

Fiber Distribution Hub (FDH)

Central Office BPON (GPON) PtP

EU & Middle East
1x32 Splitter in closure Air Blown Fiber/Cable

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UNO

IDM

8x1 23x1 23x1 23x1 23x1

GE-PON OLT

JAPAN

Splitter

Home VoIP Data

POTS Data

Battery

Video

3.4.2 Air-blown and conventional duct cable system Comparison
Reasons why many Telecom Operators DO NOT adopt Air Blown Fiber System
High Cost in: Subducts & Fiber Units, Multiple Connecting Accessories & Tools and Operational Cost In-Building Blown Fiber: For Fiber Blown directly from MDF to each Customer Premise, large riser space is required. Huge wastage! Currently only 1 standard (IEC 60794-5) for Air-Blown Fiber and Cable. Blown Fiber DO NOT meet GR-20 environmental and tensile specifications Fiber unit specifically designed for deployment in UK only thus environmental protection for installation in other countries is lacking 2x Installation is required thus 2x the cost! :– Fiber Tube Installation → Fiber Unit Installation (Unused fiber tube needs to be sealed) Repeated installation increases man-hour and logistical cost (Many times more expensive than the cost of fiber)

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4. Summary
1. FTTH is being deployed massively in Japan, Korea, USA and Europe. - PON is used widely in Japan, Korea and USA. - P to P is used widely in Europe. 2. Commercial FTTH deployment has started in many countries in Asia and Middle East. - One big issue is the choice to deploy GEPON or GPON - IPVPN over GEPON is very popular in Japan. 3. Premise wiring is a big portion of the installation cost so that new technologies have been introduced to reduce installation time and cost 4. Worldwide, increasing number of networks and services are shifting to IP Ethernet 5. FTTH is currently the Future Proof High-Speed Broadband Network

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