Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

52 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- MIMO-OFDM
- MIMO OFDM
- wireless_mimo
- Wireless Digital Communications
- CCECE98
- Spectrum OFDM
- Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Frequency and Space Time Frequency Block Codes for MIMO OFDM Channels
- Ofdm
- OFDM_Introduction.pdf
- Publications Linglong Dai
- LTE (Long Term Evolution) From a-Z
- all-about-
- Consideration Using Agilent 89600 Usa
- Paper_en
- lte tma
- OFDM-Based Medium Access With Rate Constraints
- Understanding OFDM by IITG
- RW-2049-0200.pdf
- UBICC Eltholth Cf 115
- Cstb 2007 Dvb Tutorial 1IitMi

You are on page 1of 4

MIMO-OFDM

http://www.mimo.ucla.edu

Various schemes that employ multiple antennas at the transmitter and receiver are being

considered to improve the range and performance of communication systems. By far the most

promising multiple antenna technology today happens to be the so called multiple-input

multiple-output (MIMO) system. MIMO systems employ multiple antennas at both the

transmitter and receiver as shown in Figure .

Data

ENCODER

ENCODER MODULATOR x1(t)

MIMO

MIMO

1:N

1:N

DEMUX MODULATOR x2(t) Receiver

Receiver

DEMUX

MODULATOR x3(t )

They transmit independent data (say x1, x2, …, xN) on different transmit antennas simultaneously

and in the same frequency band. At the receiver, a MIMO decoder users M≥N antennas.

Assuming N receive antennas, and representing the signal received by each antenna as rj we

have:

r1 = h11 x1 + h12 x2 + L + h1N x N

r2 = h21 x1 + h22 x2 + L + h2 N x N

M

rN = hN 1 x1 + hN 2 x2 + L + hNN xN

As can be seen from the above set of equations, in making their way from the transmitter to the

receiver, the independent signals {x1, x2, …, xN} are all combined. Traditionally this

“combination” has been treated as interference. However, by treating the channel as a matrix, we

can in fact recover the independent transmitted streams {xi}. To recover the transmitted data

stream {xi} from the {rj} we must estimate the individual channel weights hij, construct the

channel matrix H. Having estimated H, multiplication of the vector r with the inverse of H

produces the estimate of the transmitted vector x. This is equivalent to solving a set of N linear

equations in N unknowns.

Because multiple data streams are transmitted in parallel from different antennas there is

a linear increase in throughput with every pair of antennas added to the system. An important

fact to note is that unlike traditional means of increasing throughput, MIMO systems do not

increase bandwidth in order to increase throughput. They simply exploit the spatial dimension by

increasing the number of unique spatial paths between the transmitter and receiver. However, to

ensure that the channel matrix is invertible, MIMO systems require an environment rich in

multipath. The table below shows the tremendous improvement in 99th percentile capacity of a

wireless system employing MIMO based communications. A reasonable 5x5 system can provide

40x increase in capacity for the same signal to noise ratio (SNR).

99-percentile Capacity (b/s/Hz)

SNR = 12 dB SNR = 24 dB

(1,1) 0.3 1.8

(5,5) 12.5 28.5

(10,10) 29.2 62.0

The above table suggests that without increasing bandwidth (a very expensive

commodity) or total transmit power, we can achieve substantial throughput improvement by

going to MIMO. This has significant ramifications as it suggests that operators can provide

broadband services within the current spectrum that they have purchased from the FCC. Staying

at the current carrier frequencies implies that: (a) Signals can propagate further thus reducing the

cost of overall network deployment, and; (b) RF subsystems can be built using today’s well

understood and inexpensive processes.

MIMO-OFDM combines OFDM and MIMO techniques thereby achieving spectral

efficiency and increased throughput. A MIMO-OFDM system transmits independent OFDM

modulated data from multiple antennas simultaneously. At the receiver, after OFDM

demodulation, MIMO decoding on each of the subchannels extracts the data from all the transmit

antennas on all the subchannels. The block diagram of a MIMO-OFDM system in shown in

Figure .

OFDM

TRANSMITTER 1

INTRODUCTION TO OFDM

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is a popular modulation scheme

that is used in wireless LAN standards like 802.11a, g, HIPERLAN/2 and in the Digital Video

Broadcasting standard (DVBT). It is also used in the ADSL standard, where it is referred to as

Discrete Multitone modulation. OFDM modulation divides a broadband channel into many

parallel subchannels. This makes it a very efficient scheme for transmission in multipath wireless

channels. The use of an FFT/IFFT pair for modulation and demodulation make it

computationally efficient as well.

The transmitted signals arrive at the receiver after being reflected from many objects.

Sometimes the reflected signals add up in phase and sometimes they add up out of phase causing

a “fade”. This causes the received signal strength to fluctuate constantly. Also, different

subchannels are distorted differently as shown in Figure . An OFDM receiver has to sense the

channel and correct these distortions on each of the subchannels before the transmitted data can

be extracted. OFDM is effective in correcting such frequency selective distortions.

OFDM has many advantages over other transmission techniques. One such advantage is

high spectral efficiency (measured in bits/sec/Hz). The “Orthogonal” part of the name refers to a

precise mathematical relationship between the frequencies of the subchannels that make up the

OFDM system. Each of the frequencies is an integer multiple of a fundamental frequency. This

ensures that even though the subchannels overlap they do not interfere with each other. This

results in high spectral efficiency.

The use of IFFT and FFT for modulation and demodulation results in computationally

efficient OFDM modems. The block diagram of an OFDM modulator and demodulator are

shown in Figure .

Figure 4 An OFDM (a) Modulator and (b) Demodulator

- MIMO-OFDMUploaded byArjun Nichal
- MIMO OFDMUploaded byTahir Siddiqui
- wireless_mimoUploaded bykokusz76
- Wireless Digital CommunicationsUploaded byGetachew Melese(Ph.D.)
- CCECE98Uploaded bymsachemo1
- Spectrum OFDMUploaded byvcazacu
- Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Frequency and Space Time Frequency Block Codes for MIMO OFDM ChannelsUploaded bykhajarasool_sk
- OfdmUploaded byeswaranslm
- OFDM_Introduction.pdfUploaded byVaibhav Mishra
- Publications Linglong DaiUploaded bytariq_ll3468
- LTE (Long Term Evolution) From a-ZUploaded byBelBrother
- all-about-Uploaded byZachary Wilson
- Consideration Using Agilent 89600 UsaUploaded byrishabhnath4844
- Paper_enUploaded byHasanBadjrie
- lte tmaUploaded byHS_SHAPRIYA
- OFDM-Based Medium Access With Rate ConstraintsUploaded byapi-3851401
- Understanding OFDM by IITGUploaded byRamana Rao V Guthikonda
- RW-2049-0200.pdfUploaded byKeviinCarrillo
- UBICC Eltholth Cf 115Uploaded byUsman Tariq
- Cstb 2007 Dvb Tutorial 1IitMiUploaded bydiving999
- fdma3Uploaded byShankarPrasai
- OFDM.ppt [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded byAymen Ben Zineb
- Ofdm Over AwgnUploaded byrainydaes
- vvvvzzzzccccUploaded bydhullparveen
- Paper 20 OFDM System Analysis for Reduction of Inter Symbol Interference Using the AWGN Channel PlatformUploaded byAnuradha Patil
- Papr Reduction of OFDM Signal by Using Combined Hadamard and Modified Meu-Law Companding TechniquesUploaded byAIRCC - IJCNC
- Ofdm ClippingUploaded bylucas
- Thesis 05Uploaded bywoodksd
- ESTI_EN_101190Uploaded byapox40
- đềUploaded byKu narutokan

- Assignment 3 -304,DcsUploaded byramjee26
- BC10FUploaded byEdin Osmanbasic
- 3GPP ts_1 36-101v120600pUploaded byStev Aryanto
- 03-Antennas and Transmission Lines-V3.4Uploaded bynamalka
- Microstrip AntennaUploaded byMujeeb Abdullah
- Baseband Questions StudentsUploaded byRishi Jha
- Satellite CommunicationUploaded byTushar
- Grundig-32-VLE-5324-BG-Bedienungsanleitung-92c48d.pdfUploaded byAid Fatušić
- Advantage and Disadvantage of 4GUploaded byghanifdkd
- FO_BT1001_E01_1 FDD-LTE Network Overview 57P [Modo de Compatibilidad]Uploaded byjuan
- MCQ of Miller 7th Ed.pdfUploaded byJae Ar Abe
- parabolic antennaUploaded byJo Mar
- r05220405-analog-communicationsUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- vinko2Uploaded byensv
- 1. Asi Encoder Se-1000 g.i.Uploaded bySeung Jin Kim
- Project Literature Survey (1)Uploaded byجعفرالشموسي
- Seminar Report_Cognitive RadioUploaded byGaurav Sachan
- 77338919 CALL Drop COuntersUploaded byJelly Wang
- MR for MW Relocation 4806-4758(Ericsson)Uploaded byZain Ul Abideen
- IOM 88 Module BUploaded byandi
- Channel modeling .pdfUploaded byawais04
- dth advUploaded byMustafa Hussain
- Analysis and Gain Enhancement of Different Shapes of Shapes of Microstrip Patch AntennaUploaded byAnonymous kw8Yrp0R5r
- Antena & Cell SiteUploaded byMuhammad Hamid
- Insignia TV 42E760A12Uploaded byHector Javier Delgado
- PAPR Reduction Method for OFDM Based Massive MIMO SystemsUploaded byIJIRST
- Hsdpa Ps Data SetupUploaded byPhuong Le
- OFDM 4Uploaded byAli Jasim Ramadhan
- Microstrip Patch Antenna DesignUploaded byThành Nội
- Microwave Planing Training GuideUploaded byHussein Moanes