Exercises
Level  1
(Problems Based on Fundamentals)
ABC OF HYPERBOLA
1. Find the centre, the vertices, the covertices, the 6. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose distance
length of transverse axis, the conjugate axis and the
between foci is 16 and the eccenctricity is 2.
latus rectum, the eccentricity, the foci and the
equation of directirices of each of the following
hyperbolas. 7. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose foci are
(6, 4) and (–6, 4) and the eccentricity is 2.
x 2 y2
(i) 1
9 4
8. Find the eccentiricity of the hyperbola whose latus
x2
y2 rectum is half of its transverse axis.
(ii) 1
16 9
(iii) 9x2 – 16y2 – 36x + 96y – 252 = 0 9. If e1 and e2 be the eccentricities of a hyperbola and
1 1
its conjugate, prove that 1.
2. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose centre is e12 e 22
(1, 0), one focus is (6, 0) and the length of transverse
axis is 6.
10. An ellipse and a hyperbola are confocal (have the
same focus) and the conjugate axis of the hyperbola
3. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose centre is is equal to the minor axis of the ellipse. If e1 and
(3, 2) one focus is (5, 2) and one vertex is (4, 2). e2 are the eccentricities of the ellipse and the
hyperbola, prove that e12 + e22 = 2.
4. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose centre is
(–3, 2), one vertex is (–3, 4) and eccentricity is 5/2. 11. Find the centre of the hyperbola
4(2y – x – 3)2 – 9(2x + y – 1)2 = 80
5. Find the equation of the hyperbola, whose one focus
is (2, 1), the directrix is x + 2y = 1 and the 12. Find the centre of the hyperbola
eccentricity is 2.
3x2 – 5y2 – 6x + 20y – 32 = 0
1
Hyperbola
�
+2y + 1 \ =0 at (2, 1).
31. Find the equation ofthe tangent to the cuzye 4.x2 3y2=
24 aty=2.
14. ==����by•=t1�)
. 32. Find the angle between the tangents to the, curve
· 4t . ' 9x2  16y2= 144 drawn_ :from the point(4, 3).
Y=2 is a hyperbola. ..
t 1
' : 33. Find the equations ofthe common tangent to the curves
1 x2 y2
15. Prove that the .locus represented by x=2 (e' +e') , x2 L ·2
 � =1 and  =1
a 2 b2 b, 2
2 a
and y;, !(e' e1). is a hyperbola.
'. 34. Find the equation� 9f the ,common tangents to the
2
z,. 2 2 ,,· 2 · 2
2 curves �L=l _and �+L =t.
16. If the equation 1 represents a .9 4 9! 4 · ,
,201� ..;.Ai +2Qi3 ..:. A,
35. Find the equation of the cornrnontangents to the 1curves
hyperbola, find Ai.
f
2 2 · ,· :
x2 Y2 =l'andx2+y2=9 •.
17. Ifthe foci of the ellipse 4+ = 1 and the hyperbola ;6
16 b2 .
. . 36. Find the equation of the common tangents to the curves
x 2 y 2 . 1 . .
.·  .. ;::: � comc1de, find .the value of b2. . , 2 2 ,•. ,
144 81' 25 ' ', ... · · ;,; . ,,• . · · / y2::::a8xand .:....:2:'..,.=l:
9 5
. i 8:. If. the latus re,ctm,n subteiids righ,fangle at ,he c�tre of
· 3 7. Filld tµe locus' of the pointof intersection ofthe perpen
x2''."'.'. 
·', ,, ... ' .
. . uuigents
' . ,
' ' 2 2
· the hyper�la ;2·.:... :2 �l, find its ecce tricity. y2
� dicular · . . to the cuzye == 1 .
· <16'' 9'
19. Find the, location . of point· (1, 4) · w.r.t the hyperbola 38. Fit:ld the product of the perpendiculars·from foci upon
2x23y2=6. ,.. . x2 · 2
20. If (A,, 1) is an exterior point of the c�e 4x2 3y2= any tangeitt% the hyperbota·__JJ� = r.
y :.,, •: ·
, ,. a\ h.� .· . . .
· 1 · such that tht'length of the int.erval
,:where Ai lies is m, ,. ·1
•, . ,fmdthev,1µe�f� ;rJ9'. •' ', ·• ,', ' ', ,' ... 39. If th� tangent to tli,e ,parabola¥' .=,4at :inte�Gt$,ltlit'
• · ' , ' ;1.,, ·• 1)..,,,,,(,,.:1! , ·' 1{ '. ', '
0
. 'r:.rii!t .
hyperboli r \'=i A and B �espectiv�lr, fihd the �t
t; ,"<i<�;,_1i
: . /�\; :':r.:::L:Ju:' .'.,/," tJt;t_,,.,. '.:' .
21. · Find:the poin�,commoa'.to the h�b'bli Z5r c 9y2 locus ofthe points of intersection �ftangents at A /UldB.
1 :· :. 'i ,'· '.'{:;._: ·. �·
2
Hyperbola
x2 y2 x2 y2
44. If the normal at <p on the hyperbola 22 = 1 meets 52. A tangent to the hyperbola 22 = 1 cuts the ellipse
a b 2 2 a b
the transverse axis at G such that :2 + ;2 = 1 in points P and Q. Find the locus of the
AG· A'G = am(e" secP 0 1),
where A, A' are the vertices of the hyperbola and m, n midpoint PQ.
andp are positive integers, find the value of (m + n + 53. Chords of the hyperbola x2y2 = a2 touch the parabola
p)2 + 36. y2 = 4ax. Prove that the locus of their midpoints is the
45. If the normals at(.x.,y.), i= 1, 2, 3, 4 on the rectangular curve y2(x a)= x3 • 2 2
I I
hyperbola xy = c2 meet at the point ( a, {J), prove that 54. A variable chord of the hyperbola \  Y2 = 1 is a tan
(i) x 1 +x2 + x3 +x4 = a a b
(ii) Y1 +Yz +Y 3 +y4 = f3 gent to the circle x + y2 = c • Prove that the locus of its
2 2
2 2 2+ 2 2 midpoints is
(1·1·1·) X1 +X2 +X3 . X4 = a
x2 y 2 2 2 x2 y2 )
(iv) Yf + Yi +Yi + Yi = /3 2 ( z _ ) =c ( 4 + 4
a b
a bz
(v) x 1 • x2 · x3 • x4 = :c4
(vi) Y 1 · Y 2 · Y3 · Y4 =c4. 55. A variable chord of the circle x2 +y2 = a2 touches the
46. If the normals at (x;, y), i = 1, 2, 3, 4 on the hyperbola 2 2
hyperbola \  Y 2 = 1. Prove that the locus of its mid
x2 y2 a b
2 �::::: 1 are concurrent, prove that points is (x2 + y2)2 = a2x2b2y2.
a b
56. A tangent to the parabolay2 = 4axmeets.the hyperbola
(i) (x1 +x2 + x3 +x4 )(2+_!_ + _!_ + _!_) = 4 xy = c2 in two points P and Q. Prove that the locus of
. X1 X2 .X3 X4 the midpoint ofPQ lies on a parabola.
1 1 57. From a poi11t P, tangents are drawn to tl:J.e circle x2 +
(ii) (Y1 + Y2 + Y3 + Y4 )(1+ + _!_ + ) = 4 y2 = a2 • If the chord of contact of the circle is a normal
. Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4
x2 y2
i)'
chord of a hyperbola 22 = 1, prove that the locus
a b
••1,1aa1�
47. Find the equation of the chord of contact of tangents
·,.. • 2, 2
of ili< point pis (:: ;: a
H '
from the point (2,3) to the hyperbola � _ L =1. 58. Prove that the locu� oftqe midpoints of!}le focal cnord
9. 4
.. xz y2 �x
48. Find the locus of the midpoints of the portions of the
'. '. x2 y2 .
x z yz
a a ·=
of the nyperbola 2 b• 2' = 1. IS 2 b2 "c" •
a
tangents to the hyperbola   = 1 included be 59. If the chords of contact of tangents from two points
9 4
tween the axes. xz y2.
49. From the .points. on the circle x2 + y2 = a2, tfl,flgents are (x i ' y1 ) and (x2, y2) to the hyperbola 22=1 are
a b
drawn to the hyperbola x2 y2 = a2 • Prove that the locus
of the midpoints of the chord of contact is
xx
at right angles such· that L1. = , a m
where m, n are
.
)10
n
(x2 y2)2 = aZ(xz + y2) YiY2 b
50. Prove that the locus of the midpoints of the hyperbola m; n
2 2 positive integers, fmd the value of (
x 2  Y 2 =1 which subtend right angle at the centre is
a b
(x 2 y 2 )2 1 1
a2 b 2
( )
(x
2 y2
a 2 b 2 = a4 + b4
) 60. Find the polar of the focus (ae, 0) with respect to the
¼;,, 2 2
51. Tangents are drawn from a point P · to the parabola hyperbola �2 _ L =1.
a bz
y2 = 4ax. If the chord of contact of the parabola be a
2 61. If the polars of (xi ' y1 ) and (x2, y2) with respectto the
x2
tangent to the hyperbola 2  L = 1 , find the locus 2 2
a b2 hyperbola �2  Y2 =1 are at right angles, prove that
of the point P. a b
4
X1 Xz a
+ 4 =0.
Y1 Y2 b
3
Hyperbola
1. (i) The equation of the given hyperbola is (iii) The equation of the hyperbola is
x2
y 2 9x2 – 16y2 – 36x + 96y – 252 = 0
1
9 4 9(x2 – 4x) – 16(y2 – 6y) = 252
(a) Centre : (0, 0) 9(x – 2)2 – 16(y – 3)2 = 252 + 36 – 144
(b) Vertices : A(a, 0) = A(3, 0) = 144
and A (– a, 0) = A(– 3, 0) 9(x 2)2 16(y 3)2
(c) Covertices : B(0, b) = B(0, 2) 1
144 144
and B'(0, – b) = B'(0, – 2)
(d) The length of the transverse axis = 2a = 6 (x 2)2 (y 3)2
1
(e) The length of the conjugate axis = 2b = 4 16 9
(a) Centre : (0, 0)
2b2 8 X = 0, Y = 0
(f) The length of the latus rectum =
a 3 x – 2 = 0, y – 3 = 0
b2 4 13
x = 2 and y =3
(g) Eccentricity = e = 1 2
1 Hence, the centre is (2, 3).
a 9 3
(h) Equation of the directrices :
a 2 6
x
e 13 / 3 13
(ii) The equation of the given hyperbola is
x 2 y2
1
16 9
(a) Centre : (0, 1)
(b) Vertices : A(0, b) = A(0, 3)
and A(0, –b) = A(0, –3)
(c) Covertices : B(a, 0) = B(4, 0)
and B'(–a, 0) = B'(–4, 0)
(d) The length of the transverse axis = 2a = 6
(e) The length of the conjugate axis = 2b = 8
2a 2 16
(f) The length of the latus rectum =
b 3
a2 9 5
(g) Eccentricity = e = 1 2
1
b 16 4
(h) Equation of the directrices :
b 6
y
e 13 / 3 13
5
Hyperbola
(xtt )'}
� SP2 = e2 PM2
X == ±5, Y = 0
� X2 == ±5,y3== 0
=> (X2) 2 +(y1) 2 = 4{
� X = 2±5,y = 3
Hence, the co�ordinates of the foci are (7, 3) � 5{(x2)2 +(Y1)2 } =4(x+2y1)2
and (3, 3 ) 6. Given relation is
2. The equation of the hyperbola with centre (1, 0) is 2 ae = 16
2 2
(x1) y =1 � ae = 8
a2 b2 � a = 8/e � a = 2
Here, 2a = 6 � a = 3 Now, b2a2(e2 l)a2e2a2 = 64 4 = 60
Also, one focus = (6, 0) Hence, the equation of the hyperbola is
� 1 +ae 6 == x2 y 2
=1
� ae = 5 2a b2
� 3e = 5
x2
= y 2
� e = 513 1
Therefore, 4 60
9,.( � 
,ll
7. Since foci are (6, 4) and (�, 4), so the axis of the
b2 =a 2 (e2 1)= 1) =16 hyperbola is parall:el to xaxis.
It is given that the distance between two foci is 12, so
Hence, the equation of the hyperbola is 2 ae = 12
(x1) 2 y2 � ae = 6
=1 � 2a = 6
9 16
� a=3
3. Since the focus is (5, 2) and the vertex is (4, 2), so the
Also,
axis of the hyperbola is parallel to xaxis and a = 1,
b2  a2(e2  1) a2e2 a2  369 = 27
ae = 2
Hence, the equation of the hyperbola is
Let the equation of the hyperbola ,be
x2 _y2
(x3)2 (y2)2 =l
1 ...(i) a 2 b2
a2 b2
x2
As we know that, the relation in a, b and e with respect y2 =1
to a hyperbola is 9 27
b2  a2(e2 � 1) a2e2  a2 4  1 3 8. Given relation is
Now from Eq. (i), we get 2
 b2 1
=x( 2a)=a
2
(x3) (y2) 1
2 2 a
1 3 2
 b2
� =a
4. Since the focus is (3, 2) and the vertex is(3,4), so the a
axis of the hyperbola is parallel to yaxis and be == 2 � 2b2 = a2
Also, relation in a, b and e is
� bx�=2 b2 =a2(c2  1)
2
6
Hyperbola
=> 3(x22x)5(y24y)=32
a2
=> =a 2 (e 2 1) => 3(x1)25(y2)2 = 32+320 = 15
2
1 3(x1)2 5(y2) 2
=> (e2 1)= => =1
2 15 15
v2ff
(x1)2 (y2) 2 =
=> e= => l
5 3
2
y
z 13. The given straight lines are
9. Let the equation of the hyperbola is \  =1 and
a b2 �l'..= 2013 ...(i)
X
2 2 a b
Its
• conjugate
• IS
• 2 y =1
2 and
a b X y 1
Therefore, +=. ·. ...(ii)
VIT
a b 2013
VD
e1 = 1 + ;;z and e2 = 1+ ,l
Multiplying Eqs (i) and (ii), w� get
x2 y2 = .andthe
10. Let the eqµation of the ellipse be 12 +b 1
a 2
=>
 ,,{::.� r� (
x: y: 1 �.,, J
2=
2 2
equation of the hyperbola is is x2  Y2 ::::: 1 x2 _ y 2 (1+ t 1 )2  4t 2 = 1t2
a b => ( 2) 1
Also, it is given that, 9 4 (1 t 2 )2 1 t ;
2b = 2a x2. l
=> b=a => =1
9 4
Let e1 ande2 be the eccentricities of the ellipse andthe which represents a hyp�rbola.
hyperbola. 15. Wehave,
gg
.!. 1 1 1
)
2
=> 2x=(e +e1) and2y=(ee�
1
7
Hyperbola
8
Hyperbola
The equation of the given tangent is If the line (ii) be a tangent to the hyperbola (i); the co
y= mx+�9m 4 2 ...(ii) ordinates of the point of contact can be
Since Eqs (i) and (ii) are identical, so
a2=9; b2 =:= 4
Hence, the equation of the hyperbola is
m
( ± •: , <}( ± (5), ± �)
x 2 y2
27. The equation of the given hyperbola is
 =1 4x29y2=36
x 2 y2
9 4
=> 4x29y2=36 => =1
24. The equation of any tangent to the parallel to 5 x4y + 9 4
7=Ois Here, a2=9, b2=4.
5x4y+J.=0
=> 4y = 5x + J.
The equation ofanytap.gent to the hyperbola
x 2 y2
 =1
=> y= ' x+ a 2 b2
5 J. IS
...(i)
4 4
The equation of the given hyperbola is
4x29y2=36 y= mx+�a 2 m 2 b2
x 2 y2 => y=mx+�9m 2 4
=> , =1 ...(ii)
9 4 which is passing through (3, 2). So
Since, the line (i) is a tangent to the hyperbola (ii), so (2  3m)2=.9m2  4
=> 4 l 2m + 9m2 = 9m2 .,... 4
:;;.z =9G!)4 => 4l2m = 4
(4)
The line (i) will be a tangent to the hyperbola (ii), if Here, a2=4, b2 = 3 and m = 4
;. ' 2 2 The equation of any tangent to the hyperbola (i) is
(3 =16 3 9 y= mx+�a 2 m 2 b2
y= 4x±.J643
)
=> J.2=25681=175 =>
=> A=±M =± 5fj
'"=> y=4x±J6i.
Hence, the equation of the tangents are
4x37± 5fj =0. Hence, the equations of tangents are
26. The given hyperbola is y = 4x+J6i. and y = 4xJ6i..
x2 9y2 = 9 30. The equation of tangent to the curve
x2 x2y28x+2y+ 11 =Ois
__ L=l
xx1 yy1 4(xx 1 ) + (yy1 ) + 1 = 0
2
=> ...(i)
=> 2xy4(x+2)+(y+ l)+ 11 =0
9 1
The given line is 5x + l2y9=0
=> 2x+4 = 0
=> y= 
( 1� )
x+
¾ ...(ii) => x2 = 0
9
Hyperbola
(1)
',
=> 8=tan 1
�y
hyperbola =1 so a 2 (e2 l)(e2sec201)
9 5
PiP2 =
5x2 9( mx+ =45
(e2sec 2 0  l)
� PR2 = a2(e2 '1)
� 5l,9(m 2 x2 + :2 +4m)=45 � PR2 =b2
Hence, the product of the lengths of the perpendiculars
� (59m 2 )x2 36x9(:2 +5 )= o ·· is b2 •
39. LetP(a, /J) be the point of intersection of tangents at A
Now, andB.
D=O
� (36) 2 +36(59m 2 {:2 +5) =0
20
36+2 +253645m 2 =0
m
4 2 =0
. +59m
2
m
9m4 5m2 4= 0
(m2  1)(9m2 + 4) = 0
(m2 l)=O
m = ±i y
Hence, the equations of the common tangents are Clearly, the point of intersection of the tangents at A
y=±x±2. and B is the chord of contact.
7
3 . As we know that the locus of the perpendicular tan Therefore, the chord of contact AB is
gents is the director circle. ax_f3y
Hence, the equation of the director circle is =l
x2+y2=a2 b2 = 169 = 7 a 2 b2
� x2+y2=7 b2xa b 2
2 2 y= 
38. LetF1 andF2betwofociofthehyperbola \ _Y2 =1. a2 /3 /3
y
p (::;]
=> P'=(!:a)
Hence, the locus of P( a, /J) is
11
Hyperbola
esec01
Then, A �·h=====I
0 .tan 2 0
&ec 
2
· +
a2 b2
is i(ae, b: )
y From Eq. (i), we get
B
�(a 2y2 _b2x2 ) � a2y2 _b2x2
axx . · +byX''( '')
ay bx
=a2+b z
12
Hyperbola
N�p az +bz
Thus, the coordinates of G = ( ·. . . . . , 0
. • acostp. )
Clearly, the vertices,A = (a, 0) and A'= (a, 0)
a 2 +b2
·J
Now,AG=· (a)
acosq,
a 2 +b2 .·
and A'G = (+a
acostp
·Y Therefore,
Since the normal (i) meets the xaxis· at Mand yaxis at [a 2+b� · · a2 +b2 •
N respectively. Then, AG. A'G = .a)·. (+a)
(o: (•'
acos<p acostp
h
M� (:'C::;,o) andN� ; ')mnf)
I.Jet the coitmlifuites ofthe point P be (a, PJ.
Since PM and PN are perpendiculars to the ax,es, so the
= (<ie2 sec2 q,a2)
coordinates of P are
a2 +b2 .
. ((·.·)· secq,,
(a2+b2 . · .
.·· ·.·. b ) tan<n· )
. .
Hence,
= a2(e2 sec2<n 1)
=> m = 2, n = 2,p = 2
a. ..
(m + n + p)2 + 36 = 36 + 36 = 72.
Therefore, 45. The equation of the normal to the hyperbola xy = c2 at
a= •' h') secf and /J =(•':h'}mnf
( : (ct, f) is
=> · a(•a2 +b
a 2) = sec<n and P(.· 2 b 2). · · =:= tan.<n
xt3ytct4+c = O
=> ct4xt3+ytc = O
· a +b
As we know that, which is passing through ( a, P), so
sec2 tp tan2 q, = 1 ct4 aJ3 + /3t C = 0.
a
2
P2 (.�)
2 Let its four roots are t1 , t2, t3 , it
a2 ( ) =l
2+ 2
a b . a2· +b2
=> <ia2 _ [J2b2 = (a2 + b2)2
Hence, the locus of (a, P) is
a2x2b2y' = (a2 + b2)2
44. The equation of any normal to the hyperbqla
x

2
y2
.. =l at((/))1s
a2 b2
ax cos<n + by cot<n = a2 + b2
13
Hyperbola
= c2 {(L t1 )2 2l(t1f2)}
=c'{(:)'o}= a 2
=  (�;,;; )
fh 2 1 1
( Y1+Y2 + Y3+ Y4)( + +2+ )
Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4
(/l) 2 2 2
c
=(l>1l(r(J
=(/3)2
=4.
47. The equation of the .chord of corifu.ct of tangents drawn
from Hie point (2, 3) is
2x _2:'..=1
9 2
=
=> 4x9y = 18
x y2
2
46. the equation of any nonnal to the given hyperbola at 48. Any tangent to the hyperbola 1'",.... 4 1 is
(x, y) is
X y; = 1
X
 ) y x ) sec0tari0 ...(i)
�(k y = b 2 ( b 3 2
1 y
=> (2 +22 )xy2:'..  kx2 = 0
a b ·. b. a
b 2 kx
=> y= ••. (i)
a 2 (e2 xb)
The equation of the hyp�bola is
2 2

X

y =. 1 . .. (ii)
a b
2 2
Solving Eqs (i) and (ii), we get, Y'
x2 . 
 b4k2x2 Let the tangent intersects the xaxis atA and yaxis at B,
a 2 b 2a4(e2 xb) 2
=1 respectively.
a2e4x4  2ba2e2x3  (a2b2 + b2k2 + a4e4)x2+ 2ba4e2x The_n A = (3 cos 0, 0) and B = (0, .c..2 cot 0)
=>
Let (h, k) be the midpoint ofAB.
+a4b20 111
...("")
Let x i ' x2 , x3 , x4 are the roots of Eq. (iii). Therefore,
2h = 3 cos 0 and 2k =2 cot 0
2b
Then, x1 +x 2+x3+x 4 = 2 , 3 . 1
=> sec0 =  and tan0 = 
2h k
e
a2 b2 +b2 k2 +a4 e2
L(X1X2) = As we know that,
a 2 e4 sec2 0tan2 0= 1
2ba·2
 1
( X X
L 1 2 3X ) =  => 2_2 __2 =1
e2 4h k
a 2 b2
and L(x,xz x3 x4 ) = 4· Hence, the locus of (h, k) is �� = 1.
e 4x y
14
Hyperbola
=
2
;;,;r h 2 _ k2
(. )
a 2 b2
=>
1 2 k2 (h ) x
2 1 (h2 k 2) 2
2 2
a 2 a'J. b2 b 2 a 2 .b2 . y
_ h 2 2 k2 2 2hk
 X + Y  2b2xy . . . (iii)
a4 b4 ·  a
Y' Equation (jii) will be a right angle, if coefficient of
The equation. of the chord of contact from the point x2 + co�efficient ofy2 = 0
(a cos 0, a sin 0) to the hyperbola x2 y2 = a2 is 1 j, 2 k 2
2
h 2 1 h 2 k2
2
k2
(a cos 0)x(a sin 0)y = a2 ( ) ( )
=> x cos 0y sin 0= a ...(i)
=> . a 2 a 2 b2 . a4 b2 a 2 b2 b4 o
Letthe mjdpoµitbe (h, k)�
The equation of the chord bi�ected at. (h, ff) to the hy
hx
perbola x2  y2 = a2 is
ky = h2 k2
=>
(::. ::re, :,)t>tJ
Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
...(ii)
( (ii)
Since the Eqs i) and are identical, so
h k
= = 
cos0 · sin0
h 2 k 2
a
(:: (,)'(:, �� )(;+�}
51. Let the point on the parabola be (h, k).
ah . ak
cos0 = 2 and sm0 = 2 . 2
h k2
=>
h k
Squaring and adding, we get
h · 2 ak )
2
( ,.a
2
)
2 . .• +
( 2 2 =l
h k . h k
=> a2(h2 + k2) = (h2 k2)2
Hence, the locus of(h, k)is a2(x2 + y2) = (x2 y2)2 .
50. Let the midpoint be (h, k).
y
t
The equation of the chord of contact of the parabola is
yk=2a(x+h) ...(i)
.Jii)
The equation of the chord bisected at (h, k) to the given
hyperbola is Since, the line (ii) is a tangent to the hyperbola
T=SI xi,,"· y2
=>
hx ky h2 k 2
...(i)
02 ,f =l, so,
a 2  b2 =� b2 c2 = a2m2  b2
The equation of the hyperbola is
(2: r =a (� rb2
h 2
x2 y 2 =>
=1 ...(ii)
a 2 b2 => 4a2h2 = 4a4k2b2
Since the chord (i) subtends right angle at the centre, so Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
we can write 4a2x2 = 4a4y2b2
15
Hyperbola
y y
Y' Y'
Letthe midpoint of PQ be (h, k). If the line (i) touches the parabolay = 4 ax, so
Then the equation of the chord bisected at (h, k) to the
a
x z y2
ellipse 2 + 2 = 1 is
c=
m
a b •
h
hx ky h2 k2
+=+
az bz az bz .
...(ii) =>
( '/)= (k�t( ·:
Therefore, the Eqs (i) and (ii) are identical. So => h(h2 k2) = ak2
secO/a tanO/b 1 Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
h = k =(h k.2J.2 x(x2 y) = ay
az bz az + b2 54. If (h, k). be the mid,point of,the.chord of the hyperbola
x2 Yz
secO �tano 1 =1 then
=> = a 2 b2'' '
h  k
h2 + k
2
( T=SI
a b a?. b2.. )
hx ky h 2 k2
h k =>
a 2 b2 a2  b2
=
=> sec8= and mnB=
: :
( :: �) : �) =>
e
We know that,
sec2 Otan2 O= I => .. ;(i)
=>
=>
16
Hyperbola
=>
b
4
k2 a2
(!{ b2
2
2
k ) = c2 ( 1 + b h )
4 a k2
4 2 k h c2
Thus,=. = · 
· 1 t at2
Elimmating t, we get,
k ak
(b2x2  a2y)2= c2(cty2 + b4x2)
r l
h2a =kc2
=
c' (�
55. If (h, k) be the tnid�point of the chord of the circle
=> ( ;: ;: + ;:
Hence the locus of (h, k) is
y H)x+(
=
h't') (i) x2 +y2=a2 is
y
=> hx + ky=a2 ...(i)
Y'
. 2 2
If the ime(i) bea tangentto tlie hyperbola �;... L �1 The equation of the normal chord of the hyperbola
a2 b 2
a b2
' x2 2
(
so, c2 = a2m2  b2  Y = 1 at(</>) is
h' ; k'
r = ·'(::
2
b
J '
ax cos <pby cot<p=a2 + b2 ... (ii)
=>
Equations (i) and(ii) are identical. Therefore,
=> (h2 + Jr)2=(a2h2 _ b2Jr) a cos<p
= bcot<p (a 2 + b2 )
h
a2b
Hence, the locus of (h, k) is k a2
(x2 + y2)2=(a2x2  by) a3 .
sec<p = d t 
56. Any tangent to the parabolay2=4ax at (at2, 2at) is h(a2+ b2) an an<p = k(a2+b2)
yt=X + af , ...(i) ,
y
We have,
sec2 <p  tan2 <p= 1
t(.::b,J(
=>
=>
=>
[:!_ _ b2
) = [
a2 + b2
)
2
h2 k2 a2
If(h, k) be the tnidpoint of the chord of the hyperbola Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
xk + yh = c2
(::;: H
xy= c2, then
·':, 'J
b
...(ii)
Therefore, the Eqs(i) and (ii) are identical.
17
Hyperbola
=>
h 2 k2 eh XX
.
a2
1 _ .Y.J.11 ·1. . .. (1')
;; ,1 = ;; b2
Hence, the locus of (h, k) is and xx2 Y.J.12 =1 ...(ii)
x
2
y2 !!_ a 2  b2
_ =( ) x
a 2 b2 a Now, slopes of (i) and (ii) are
59. The equations of the chord ofc�mtact of the tangents to b2x1 . ·.....· 2
b �2 .
the given hyperbola at (xi' y1 ) arid (:x2, Y2) are =
m1  2 andm2 =2.·.
a Yi a,y,z
... (i) Since the polars of tlie giv8n points ate perpehdicular,
so
and ...(ii)
y
4
=> X1X2 +� = 0
4
Y!Yi b
62. Let (xl 'y1 ) be the pole of the hyperbola. Then the equa
tion of the polar from a point (xl 'y1 ) w.r.t. the hyperbola
x23y2=3 is
Y' ,
xx I  3.Y.YI =3 ...(i)
The equation ofthe given polar is
The slopes of the lines (i) and (ii}are
xy = 3 .. ,(ii)
"'t =(::;)and m, = ( ::�) Therefore, the Eqs (i) and (ii) ate identical. So
3YJ .... 3
XI =�

Since, (i) and (ii) meet at right angles, so 1 13
mm =1 1
b> ) X ( OYJ
=> X1 =l,YJ =
b> )= 1
I 2
3
=> (
OYJ Hence, the pole is (1, j) .
18
Hyperbola
63. Let the pole be (h, k). Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
The equation of the polar from the point (h, k) w.r.t. the 2
x2 y2 x2 +L = a 2
hyperbola  2
=
2
1 is 4
a b
65. Let (h, k) be the pole.
=> 4x2+y2=4a2
hx 
 ky =
1 ...(i)
a2 b,2 Then the equation of the polar w.r.t. the hyperbola
The equation of the normal chord of the given hyper
bola at ((/>) is 
x2 y 2
 =l 1s
ax cos q,by cot<p = (a2 + b2) •••(ii)
a2 b2
Equations (i) and (ii) are identica[Therefore, hx_ky=l
acos (p bcotq, (a2 +b2 ) a 2 b2
( h!a2 ) = (k/b2 ) = ·1
h k
...(i)
=> cosq,=(a2 +b2) 3, cotq, = (a 2 + b2) 3
a b The foci of the given hyperbola are (ae, 0) and (ae, 0)
3 The equation qf the circle is
b
3
. => a 2 •. 'tanq, = . 2
secq,::;:: . 2· + 2 .
;> (xae)(x + ae) + y2= 0
(a b )h · 1 .(a +b )k
=> x2 + y2 = (ae)2 •••(ii)
We know that, If the line (i) be a tangent to �e circle (ii), then
sec2 q, tan2 q, = 1 c2 = a2(1 + m2)
b?:)
3 2 3
2
b ·
=> ( a ) ( ) =1 => b: =(ae)2 (1+
(a2 +b2 ) h (a2 +b2 )k
b:J =>
Hence, the locus of (h, k) is
(a6y2 b6.x2) = (a2 +b2f(xy)
64. Let (h, k) be the pole.
� equati9n of the po\ar from the point (h, k) w.r.t. the
parabola y2 = 4ax is ==>
yk = 2a(x + h) = 2ax + 2ah
=>
2
y = ( :)x+(2;
)
h
...(i) =>
(�:+ ::ha,:b 2 )
b 2x
Hence, the equation of the diameter is
7x x
==
y 
a2 m 3x(7) 3
x+3y = O
Y' 67. 1)1e given line is 3x + 4y + 10 = 0
If the line (i) be a tangent to the hyperbola x2  y2 = a2,
then
' y = (¾)x+(¾) ...(i)
r (2; r _
c2a2m2 a2
Hence, the equation of the diameter corresponds to the
2 h
=> ( : = a2 a2 line (i) is
b2x 4x 
16
x
(¾)
=> 4h2 = 4a2k2 y = a2
m= 27
9
2 k2 = 2
+
=> h a
4 => l 6x + 27y = 0
19
Hyperbola
9 4
=> 242+770 363 392252 = 0 Thus, the equations of the asymptotes are
=> X= 15
Hence, the combined equation of the given asymptotes
lS (1+f) (1f)=o
3x2+10.xy+8y2+ 14xt22y+ 15 = 0
72. Since the asymptotes are perpendicular to each other,
so the hyperbola is rectangular. Hence, its eccentricity
=> (f +f) =0 and(1f) =0
20
Hyperbola
The equatio1,1 of any tangent to the hYJ)�rbola The �quation of the tangent to the hyperbola (i) at P is
I
�secq,Ltanq,=1 ...(ii)
._,L. y 1 IS
· a
2 2
=
The equations of the asymptotes· of the hyperbola (i)
b
9 4
are
s�.<p; y tanq,�1
bx ay =0 and bx+ay=:0
X .
1 3 2
Let the points 'of intersectionof 2x +3y = 6, 2x3y = 0 Let the points of the :intersection of the asymptotes and
the tangent are 0, Q, R respectively.
and j secq,f tan<p =1 are ·o, P and Q respectively. Then, 0 = (0, 0),
Q = {a(sec <p+ an <p), b(sec <p+ tan q,)J and
Therefore, 9 = (0, 0),
1
2 . 2
·)
0 0 x y
=1 are
1 ' ' .. ' ; a2 . b2
i= (6+6) = 6 S. U; . bx ay =0 and bi+ ay;,,, o·
2 Let P be any point on 1he give� hYJ)¢rbola b�
77. Let the point P be (asec <p, btan <p). (a sec <p, b tan q,f . , , . · . ./ . :
The equations of the asymptote� of the given hyperbola It is given'that;pi aitdp2 �'�e lengJlisof pewendicu'."
x2 y2 '· lars from the point p to the i/symptotes '· ' · : '
,=l are bx:'..: ay =0 andbx+¢,y=0
a 2 b2
bx +!ti)! "l''.0 and bx + ay := 0 absecn,,abtanq,
•. . ; . \f,• ,' ; :,I ,
Let PM and PNbe two perpendiculars from the point P Thus. PJ=. · · 2 . 2 ·.
.Jb +a
to the transverse axis and the asymptote
r '
a b� =a b
)
·,,
sec <p ta.ii <p
= 2 2
tan <p=a,�•
· 'Hence, the result.
4b 2 +a 2 '. ii
' =>
80. The equation of the nonnal at (ct1 , Jis
78. Let the equation of the hyperbola be
tf xt1 yctf +c = 0 ...(i)
, I
x2 Y 2
. 1 ,, i 1 , 1
t),
81. Let P, Q and R are the vertices of a triangle such that
Thus, the eccentricity,
P = ( ct1 , Q = ( ct2, 1:} R = (ct3 , � )
e =Ji= sec(¾)=: sec a
C C
f3 f2 84. Let the equation of the drcle be
Now, slope of QR = 
ct3 ct2 x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2.f.y + C +0 ...(i)
Therefore, slope of PM is flr and the equation of the given hyperbola be
The equation of the perpendicular PM on QR is xy = I ...(ii)
C Solving,we get
y= t2t3 (xct1 ) ... (i)
ti 1 . 2f 0 c=0
x 2 ++2gx++
2
Similarly, the equation of the perpendicular BN on PR is X X
C � x4 + 2gx + cx + 2fx + I =: 0
3 2
y = tit3 (xct2 ) ...(ii)
t2 Let its roots are x 1 , x2, x3 and x4 •
Solving Eq. (i) and (ii), \\'e get, Then, X1XzX 3X4 = 1
Similarly, we can easily prove that
Y;Y?)IJ\ = 1
C
x=and y=ct1 t2t3 .
f1f2t3 85. Any point on the rectangular hypetbola
c
Thus, the point ( ,ct1 t2t3 ) lies on the rectan
tit2t3
xy = c2 is P(ct, f)
gular hyperbola xy = c2 • The equation of any tangent to therectangular hyperbola
Hence, the result. xy = c2 att is
82. The equation of the normal to the rectangular hyperbola �+ yt = 2c ... (i)
xy = c2 attis t
The equation of any normal to the rectangular hyperbola
xt 2 y = ct3 !:.. ... (i)
t xy = ci at t is
Let the pole be (h, k). xt3ytxt4 + c =0 ... (ii)
Then the equation of the polar from the point (h, k) to 2c
the rectangular hyperbola Tlterefore, a1 = 2ct, a2 = 
' t
xy = c2 is
xk+yh = 2c2 (ii)
Therefore, the Eqs (i) and (ii) are identical. So
k h 2c 2 Now,
;z = 1 ==�
ct 
t
lct
t 2 = � and h =  4 1 1 t2)
=2c2(t2+  =0
h t 1 t2 t 2
22
Hyperbola
:;::
89. The given rectangular hyperbola is
xy = 18 ...(i)
=(1 ± 2.Ji., 2) Replacing x by x cos (45P) + y sin (45 ° ) and y by x sin
t), (
88. Let the points A, B, C be (45 °) + y cos (45 ° ) in (i), we get
tz
, hx+ky=4.
C
Ct3 1 Also, the given hyperbola is
f3 xy= 1
tl 1 f1 => x( 4 hx
1 c 2
= ti 1 f2 � )=t
2 f1f2f3 2 => 4xhx2 =k .
t3 1 f3 => hx24x+k=O
c2 (t1 t2 )(t2 t3 )(t3 t1 ) Thus, its roots are equal. So
= X ====�'..:.;._, D=O
2 t1f2 t3
=> 164hk=0
(ii) The equations of the tangents at A, 'B and Care =>' hk=4
Hence, the locus of (h, k) is xy = 4.
...(i)
91. The combined equation of the asymptotes of the given
,'¼,hyperbola is
+yt2 =2c
X
...(ii) xyhxky+1=0
t2
where A is any constant such that it represents two
and +yt3 =2c
X straight lines.·
...(iii)
t3 Therefore,
Thus, the points of intersections of (i) and (ii), (i) abc + 2fghaf2 bg 2 ch 2 == 0.
and (iii), (ii) and (iii) meet at P, Q, R respectively.
=> 0+2(½)(1)(½) � =0
2ct1t2 .
Thus, P =( ' �. ,
t, + t2 t1 + f2 ) => 1=hk
23