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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)

International Open Access Journal | www.ijtsrd.com

ISSN No: 2456 - 6470 | Conference Issue – ICDEBI-2018


ICDEBI
INTERNATIONAL CONCONFERENCE
FERENCE ON DIGITAL ECONOMY AND
ITS
TS IMPACT ON BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
Organised By: V. P. Institute of Management Studies & Research, Sangli

Information Technology aand


nd Indian Agriculture
Mylavarapu Monika Jahnavi
Assistant Professor, Chhatrapati Shahu Institute of Business Education and Research, Kolhapur
Affiliated to Shivaji University, Kolhapur
Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT
Development of technology has opened new today, India ranks first in the production of cotton,
opportunities and dimensions for the agriculture jute, pulses and milk and second in the production of
sector in India. This technological advancement has wheat, fruits and vegetables. This achievement has
enabled the country to shift from a period of been possible due to the adoption of new technologies
traditional subsistence farming to an era of hi
hi-tech leading to higher crop yields, efficient utilisation of
commercial farming. India today makes use of available inputs and crop diversification patterns.
technology at every stage of agriculture right from (Ministry of Commerce & Industry, n.d.) (Ministry of
production and processing till marketing. In spite of Commerce & Industry, n.d.) (FAO, n.d.) (India, 2017)
this, there still remain challenges in its complete
adoption by small and marginal farmers which if 2. BENEFITS OF INFORMATION
suitably addressed could lead to the rapid growth of TECHNOLOGY (IT) IN AGRICULTURE
the primary sector in the future years. Providing food security is a critical issue for countries
around the world, India being no exception. With
KEYWORDS: Information technology, agriculture, India’s population estimated to reach 1.5 billion by
hi-tech, farmers the year 2030, ensuring an increase in productivity
becomes extremely important to tackle the problem of
1. INTRODUCTION food security. The rapid adoption of advanced
Technology has changed our lives forever and for the technologies in agriculture right from sowing of seeds
best. Through its influence in different aspects of till selling of the final product will not only help deal
human life such as medicine, communication, with food insecurity but also increase efficiency,
education and transportation among others, life has production and income levels. (India’s population to
become easy and comfortable for people. Si Similarly, surpass China’s around 2024, earlier than thought:
technology has also had a huge transformational UN, 2017) (WHAT WE DO, n.d.)
impact on agriculture in the Indian society. The 1965
green revolution in India brought about a major Information technology
nology has a huge role to play in
technological breakthrough, thus creating a long long- various levels of agriculture. Right from the selection
lasting impact on the nation’s primary sector. of the seed till the time the final produce is marketed,
technology ensures that no losses are faced by the
With 54.6% (census 2011) of India’s population producer during the pre and post-harvest
post period and
engaged in agriculture and allied sectors (horticulture, those superior quality products reach consumers at
floriculture, sericulture, and livestock, bee keeping reasonable prices.
and fishing) and with 17.4% (2016-17)
17) contribution to
the country’s gross value added, the sector is an Technology in agriculture can be used as a direct
indispensable part of Indian economy. (Department of means for improving the productivity of agriculture
Agriculture, 2017). Productivity of certain agricultural and indirectly for helping farmers take more informed
items has shown a rising trend over the years and decisions regarding the production techniques,

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Conference Issue: ICDEBI-2018 | Oct 2018 Page: 255
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456 | IF: 4.101
appropriate time for production and harvest and the the shelf life of food and also eliminating the attack
market price of the final produce. Technology, thus, by microorganism and insects.
allows the farmers to take well informed and valuable
Government portals such AGMARKNET provides
decisions which consequently have a positive impact
various stakeholders with electronic connectivity to
on the way activities in agriculture
ture and its allied
the nation’s wholesale markets by collecting
collect and
sectors are performed. (Milovanović, 2014)
analysing the available market information. e-NAM,
e
From initially being confined to the use of traditional on the other hand is an electronic trading portal that
technologies where food was grown by farmers for brings together existing mandis thus creating a unified
their own subsistence, India later entered into the era national market for various agricultural commodities.
of Green revolution. During thiss phase, through The growing smart phone penetration
penetrat has enabled the
breeding programs and use of biotechnology, new and launch of various farmer-oriented
oriented initiatives such as
high yielding varieties of plants and animals were Mahindra’s digital platform offering farmers with
generated and farmers began using machineries, crucial farm related information and the 24X7 multi-
multi
chemicals, fertilisers and pesticides on a large scale. lingual advisory platforms called MyAgriGuru. This
This led to a shift in farming pr practices from application offers essential information such as
subsistence to commercial farming. Presently, India is weather forecasts, data and access to mandi price
in the phase of high-tech
tech agriculture where machinery charts. The farmers can also interact with agricultural
is largely being used, infrastructural facilities such as experts in case of doubts. (About Us, n.d.) (About
warehouses and cold storages are being built and NAM, n.d.) (Pandey, 2007) (Radiation technologies
where the biotechnology sector tor is rapidly growing, for the prevention of food loss,
lo 2018) (Freezing and
thus, strengthening the country’s agricultural segment. Food Safety, 2013) (Sharma, 2018)
There is also a growth in the use of many modern
Thus, the use of farmer friendly and inexpensive
techniques such as genetic engineering, soil, water
technologies in agriculture has not only brought
and pest management and greenhouse technology.
changes in the production patterns of agricultural
(Pandey, 2007)
crops and increased the quantities of food but also
a
Various production
uction technologies include soil made agriculture a production-cum-profit-oriented,
production
management, water management, agriculture risk reducing, employment generating and export-
export
engineering, disease and pest management, oriented sector.
greenhouse technology and use of genetic engineering
3. ISSUES RELATED TO THE USE OF
among others. Processing technologies consist of
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (IT) IN
freezing, pasteurisation, irradiation and heat
AGRICULTURE
processing. While, there has been an introduction of
Use of information technology has enabled a large
marketing portals such as AGMARKNET and ee-
number of technological advancements within the
NAM at the marketing level.
primary sector. However, there are few issues
Soil management includes the manufacture and use of associated with the use of IT in agriculture.
products that improve availability of missing nutrients
The number of small farmers in India is very large
to soil. Water management on the other hand includes
and so are the numbers of small land holdings. This
water harvesting and the use of micro irrigation
makes it difficult to earn economic value through the
systems such as drip and sprinkler irrigation which is
use of machineries suitable only for large land
cost effective, ensures efficient use and uniform
holdings. Hence, various efforts are required to
distribution of water. Genetic engineering leads to the
undertake research and development (R&D) activities
introduction or change of genes in crops making them
by the governmentnt and private players, for developing
resistant to diseases, drought and extreme weather
technologies that are suitable for the small and
situations.
marginal land holdings of farmers.
The processing method of freezing is used for the
Many villages in India lack internet connectivity thus
preservation of nutritional value, taste and texture of
hindering the practical application of IT in agriculture.
food thus retarding microbial growth and delaying the
This issue is being tackled by setting up mobile
chemical changes in food and hence its spoilage.
services and information kiosks by private players.
While, irradiation is the application of ionizing
Low literacy levels and lack of skills is yet another
radiations to food improving
proving the safety and extending
issue that hampers the use of various available farmer

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Conference Issue: ICDEBI-2018 | Oct 2018 Page: 256
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456 | IF: 4.101
friendly applications. Hence, educational and training https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/f
https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/
programmes are required for these people which will ood-safety-education/get-answers/food
answers/food-safety-
lead to growing adoption of computer technology and fact-sheets/safe-food-handling/freezing
handling/freezing-and-food-
prepare the agriculture sector for future challenges. safety/CT_Index
Low availability and at times non-availability
availability of basic 6. India, G. o. (2017, March 09). India is the largest
infrastructure support system like roads, railways, cotton producing and second largest cotton
water and electricity is yet another obstruction in the exporting country. Retrieved from Press
application of technologies in the agricultural sector. Information
formation Bureau, Government of India:
This requires efforts to be made through public public- http://pib.nic.in/newsite/mberel.aspx?relid=15908
private partnership mode which will help in the 2
development of infrastructural facilities and ttake the 7. India’s population to surpass China’s around
agricultural sector forward. (Pandey, 2007) 2024, earlier than thought: UN. (2017, June 21).
Retrieved from live mint:
4. CONCLUSION
https://www.livemint.com/Politics/xg5PjRFTNH
Dynamism and strength of technology is the backbone
YKg1AUhBVa6M/Indias--population-to-surpass-
of agriculture. Technology opens the doors to sociosocio-
Chinas-around-2024-United
United-Na.html
economic development by creating various
opportunities for all those involved in it. It
Its use leads 8. Milovanović, S. (2014). THE ROLE AND
to improved quality of food products, increased POTENTIAL OF INFORMATION
domestic consumption and economic growth through TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURAL
the exports of high-quality value-added
added products. IMPROVEMENT. Economics of Agriculture,
471-485.
Technology has indeed opened new opportunities and
9. Ministry of Commerce & Industry, G. o. (n.d.). (
dimensions for innovations in the agriculture sector
FRESH FRUITS & VEGETABLES. Retrieved
enabling its rapid growth and development. The large
from Agricultural & Processed Food Products
number of technological advancements happening
Export Development Authority:
within the sector will lead to the sector's growth in the
http://apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite/six_head_produc
future years. However, there are also a number of
t/FFV.htm
issues associated with the use of techno technology in
agriculture which need to be suitably addressed via 10. Ministry of Commerce & Industry, G. o. (n.d.).
government support, through public
public-private WHEAT. Retrieved from Agricultural Agricultur &
partnerships in various technology-oriented
oriented projects Processed Food Products Export Development
and efforts to improve literacy and skill development Authority:
for those in the agriculture sector. http://apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite/SubHead_Produ
cts/Wheat.htm
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@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Conference Issue: ICDEBI-2018 | Oct 2018 Page: 257