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mean

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Teacher

Mean, Median, and Mode

Students will understand how to formulate questions, analyze data, and determine probabilities.

D.1: Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant

data to answer them.

7.D.1.3 Use measures of central tendency and spread to describe a set of data.

7.D.1.4 Choose between median and mode to describe a set of data and justify the choice for a

particular situation.

D.2: Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data.

7.D.2.1 Choose and justify appropriate measures of central tendencies (e.g., mean, median, mode,

range) to describe given or derived data.

Vocab

Mean- (Arithmetic average) add up the numbers and divide by how many there

are. Example: (80 + 90 + 90 + 100 + 85 + 90) / 6 = 89 1/6

Median- (the number in the middle) MUST put the values in order from least to greatest,

then find the number exactly in the middle. Sometimes the answer will be a number not

in the set.

Example: 80 85 86 90 90 100

^

Since there is an even number of values he median is either in between these two

numbers, or in this case it is 88

Example: 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

There are five numbers in the set above. The median number is 5. There are two

numbers above the five and two below.

Mode- Value that occurs most often. There can be more than one mode in a set. If there

is not a number seen most often then the answer is “NO MODE” make sure the students

do not put down “0” or “nothing” for an answer.

Example: 2,2,3,3,3,3,4,5,5,6

Example: 10, 15, 20, 20, 34, 55, 62 88, 90

90-10; range = 80

Tips: When doing these kinds of problems, have students put the set of numbers in

order from least to greatest first. This will help them to recognize the median, mode,

and solve the range easier. If the students are required to find the mean (average) then

they add all of the numbers then divide by the amount of numbers.

Teacher

Example: Find the mode, median, range, and mean for this set of numbers: 3, 6, 9, 14, 3

3, 3, 6, 9, 14

Median (number exactly in the middle) =

6 3, 3, 6, 9, 14

Range (difference between largest and smallest numbers) = 11

3, 3, 6, 9, 14 (14 – 3 = 11)

Mean (add up all the numbers then divide by the amount of numbers) =

7 3 + 3 + 6 + 9 + 14 = 35 35 / 5 = 7

Example: Find mode, median, range, and mean of this set of number. 1, 8, 23, 7, 2, 5

1, 2, 5, 7, 8, 23

Mode = no mode

Median = 6 (5 + 7 = 12 ; 12 / 2 = 6)

Range = 22 ( 23 – 1 = 22)

Mean = 7 4/6 ( 1 + 2 + 5 + 7 + 8 + 23 = 46 ; 46 / 6 = 7 4/6 or 7 2/3. This answer may

also be stated in decimals.)

Student

Practice

3. A student receives seven math scores. The median of these scores is 86 and the

range of the set of scores is 20. With these central tendencies, make a list of seven

possible test scores for this student.

$186,900, $138,000 and $162,000. What is the range of prices for this Santa

Fe neighborhood?

Student Answers

Students will need to calculate the total number of minutes Sina wants to exercise. 7 x

45 = 315 total minutes for the week. Next, students need to compute how many minutes

she has already exercised. 35+40+37+42+45+50=249 minutes. 315-249=66 minutes

needed to exercise on the 7th day.

137,149, 155, 158, 160, 160, 180, they will see 160 occurs most.

3. A student receives seven math scores. The median of these scores is 86 and the

range of the set of scores is 20. With these central tendencies, make a list of seven

possible test scores for this student.

There will be many correct answers for this question. Students need to understand

that the central tendencies have to be in place and then all other numbers can be

variable. First, the median (middle number) is 86 and there are seven total scores. The

85 has to be in the middle with three numbers above and three below.

The range is 20 so the great number minus the least number can only be 20. The

student can choose what ever the greatest and least numbers are, as long as the 85

remains in the middle.

The range is 20 and the median is 86, so the central tendencies have been met and the

student can fill in any other numbers that fit in the blanks.

$186,900, $138,000 and $162,000. What is the range of prices for this Santa

Fe neighborhood?

138,000; 155,000; 162,000; 186,900; 217,000

The range is 217,000-138,000=$79,000

have been asked for the most common

number which is the mode-H.

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