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cell Count

For Prisoners,
ex-Prisoners
& their
families
pasan.org WINTER 2016 - ISSUE #79 FREE

In Memory of Pete Collins, 1962 - 2015 By Joan Ruzsa
Pete Collins died on August 13th, 2015
in the palliative care unit at Millhaven, after
a long and agonizing battle with cancer. He
had requested a compassionate release so that
he could spend his last days with his family,
but the prison and the parole board chose
to make him and the people who love him
suffer until the bitter end.
Pete served 32 years on a Life 25 prison
sentence he received for killing Constable
David Utman in 1983. Although he was pain-
fully aware that he could never make up for
having taken a life, Pete spent the better part
of the last 3 decades trying to make amends
for the harm and suffering he caused through
his actions, and he exemplifies the human
capacity for change.
He was an idea machine, a prolific artist,
writer and musician who was always working
on dozens of projects. His work shone a light
on corruption and hypocrisy. He was an ed-
ucator, an advocate and a warrior for justice.
He did more for the prisoners’ rights move-
ment and other social justice movements
from inside a prison cell than most people
could hope to achieve in multiple lifetimes.
Pete used his artwork and writing to
highlight ongoing scandals and destructive
policies within the government and the Cor-
rectional Service of Canada, racist policing
practices, and has called out community
organizations for not living up to their man-
dates. He was a staunch advocate for animal
rights, as well as being a vegan. He fed the
birds at Bath until the staff started killing the
pigeons he was feeding, and cared for sick or
injured birds and other animals. He painted
kids’ faces at socials, donated artwork to local
animal rescues for fundraising, created music
in protest of Marine Land and other social
issues. He supported violence against women
campaigns and had done several art pieces
and songs about the Missing and Murdered
Indigenous Women. He wrote hundreds of
articles, did countless radio interviews, pre-
sented at conferences through audio record-
ings, created short films and written policy
papers. He also made shirts and artwork to
commemorate Prisoners’
cont'd on page 6

Inside this issue:
Bulletin Board - 2

From Inside - 3

News on the Block - 4-5

Remembering Pete Collins - 6

Health & Harm Reduction - 7

Resources & About PASAN - 8

43348021
2 // bulletin board
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER
women-identified folks (check out nects individuals and families to other services,
Concrete Blossoms, by the way)! such as:
- Primary health care facilities
Drop-in
- Sources for housing
If you want to see a worker or attend a program put in a request to the Volunteer Coordinator or the Social PASAN Clients - Sources for food
Work Dept, or call us toll free at 1-866-224-9978 Mondays 1:30-3:30pm - Legal Aid
See you then! We also provide guidance and awareness regard-
Provincial (ON) Men - CECC Groups/1on1: Sign up sheet; Request to Volunteer Coordinator; Call Family Visitation ing other programs that are available, including
PASAN community-based support services.
F.E.A.T. for Children of Incarcerat- For more information, please call: Neighbour-
CNCC Groups/1on1: Sign up sheet; Request to Volunteer Coordinator; Call ed Parents was founded in 2011 to hood Link Support Services at 416-691-7407.
PASAN support the needs of the over 15,000 Also at the Toronto South D.C. Put in a request
HWDC Groups/1on1: monthly; Call PASAN children in the Greater Toronto Area to see them.
MAPLEHURST Groups/1on1: Run twice a month; Call PASAN that have a parent in the criminal
justice system. Prison Radio
TEDC Groups/1on1: Run twice a month; Call for a program on your unit
The Family Visitation Program KINGSTON AREA - CFRC Prison Radio airs
or a 1on1 educational Would you like to visit a family mem- every Wednesday evening from 7-8pm on 101.9
TSDC Put a request in with the Volunteer Coordinator or call for a ber in prison? F.E.A.T.’s Family Visita- FM. CFRC is the Queen's University commu-
program on your unit or a 1on1 educational tion Program provides transportation nity radio station and every last Wednesday of
Provincial (ON) Women - CECC Call PASAN (no regular programming) on weekends for you and an adult to the month, they read messages and do song
CNCC Call PASAN (no regular programming) correctional facilities in Southern On- requests from or to prisoners and their friends
tario. During the trip, you will be able and family. CFRC can be heard from Millhaven
VCW 1st and 3rd Wed – 1on1 Request to Social Work or Healthcare and to talk to friends and mentors, play Institution, Collins Bay Institution, Joycev-
call PASAN games and watch movies. Youth un- ille Institution, Bath Institution, Frontenac
Federal (ON) Men - We try to visit each prison at least 3 times a year. We visit: Bath, Beavercreek der 18 can visit their family member Institution, Pittsburgh Institution, and Quinte
Min/Med, Collins Bay, Joyceville Min/Med, Millhaven, Pittsburgh and Warkworth. for free! If you are interested in par- Detention Centre.
We see people individually or in group settings and talk about HIV/AIDS, Hep C, ticipating in the program, please call MONTREAL AREA – CKUT Prison Radio
Harm Reduction and Health Promotion. If you wish to know more or have HIV or email F.E.A.T. to register today! airs on 90.3 FM on the second Thursday of
For more information or registration every month between 5-6 pm as part of the
please contact us to find out when we will be at your institution. please contact Jessica or Derrick Reid at: Off the Hour show and on the fourth Friday of
Federal (ON) Women - GVI once a month; request to health care and call PASAN info@featforchildren.org or 416-505- every month between 11am and 12pm. It can
5333 be heard from Bordeaux, Rivière-des-Prairies,
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON ANY OF THESE PROGRAMS CALL PASAN TOLL FREE AT: 1-866-224-9978 Contact Numbers Centre de formation fédéral, Leclerc, Montée
St-Francois, Centre de détention pour les immi-
HIV+ Client Services Editor’s Note: If you are in any Federal/Provincial Inst or grants, Archambault, Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines,
Detention call us only with this #: Toll-free and Cowansville institutions.
In order to be a client & access these services WONDERING WHERE THE PEN PAL SEC- 1-866-224-9978
you need to have confirmed HIV+ status and TION IS? Don’t worry, it will be back in the VANCOUVER AREA – Stark Raven Col-
be a prisoner or ex-prisoner (all times Eastern next issue. In the meantime, if you would like to lective runs the CFRO Prison Radio show on
Standard time) place a pen pal ad in the next issue, please send Cell Count Subs 100.5 FM as part of Vancouver Co-operative
us your ad (2 or 3 lines only please). We may Radio. It broadcasts on the first Monday of
Support Organizations: each month from 7-8 pm Pacific Time
• Phone Hours: Mon – Fri from 9-5, except need to make them shorter depending on how Over the past 13 years this subscription list
Tuesday mornings and lunch from 12pm- many there are and there are no guarantees that HALIFAX AREA - Dalhousie University's
has grown from 700 to 1700 and all costs have CKDU at 88.1 FM. Listen or call in for poetry
1pm your ad will run, it all depends on space. There more than doubled during this period.
will be information in the next issue about how and rap on the Black Power Hour, which airs
We receive less than 20 paid subs for ‘Cell Wednesdays from 1:30-2:30pm , and is co-host-
• Drop-in – Mondays 1:30-3:30 (except to respond to ads. Stay tuned! Count’ from organizations Canada-wide, so
holidays) Good food & 2 TTC tokens (for ed by former Halifax poet laureate El Jones.
we’ve had to pare-down our mailing list so we The show focuses on social and cultural issues
PASAN members only) can get more copies inside where they are much
Moving? relevant to Black communities, but is open all
• Nurse – 1st & last Monday 1:30-3:30 every needed. listeners.
We were getting about 75 Cell Counts sent back Cell Count may be viewed or downloaded
month to us each mail-out labelled, ‘Not Here’. Please at pasan.org for free. We urge you to help us A Petition for people who visit prisoners
• ID Clinic – 1st & 3rd Thursday 1:00-2:00 every help us reduce our mailing expenses by letting out by using this method if you do not need to
us know of any address change, ASAP! Thank If you're someone who visits people inside, and
month - for everyone. have a physical subscription. you're having problems with false positives on
you for the consideration. Since we haven’t published anything until ion scanners, please look into the ion scanner
• Release Funds - $50 (twice a year max) now, we may need you to re-send a subscription petition at change.org. Contact your local MPs
Workload request. Please write 526 Richmond St E, To- and continue to file your grievances with them.
• TTC Tokens – 2 per week Mon during drop- ronto, ON M5A 1R3 or call 1-866-224-9978! Follow or pass along this link to your visitors:
in 1:30-3:30pm. PASAN has been around for 25 years now bitly.com/ionpetition
and over the years our client population has Nurse We Need Your Input!
• Harm Reduction Materials – Mon – Fri from increased dramatically. As a result of this A Nurse for PASAN members! PASAN is currently working with an arts collective,
9-5 (12-1pm we are closed), except Tuesday increase in workload, clients may not be able to On the 1st & last Monday of every month, 1:30 our clients in Toronto and community partners
AM (Safer-Crack-Use-Kits, Safer-Needle- spend as much time on the telephone with staff – 3:30 to create a large mosaic which will will be publicly
Use-Kits, Piercing Needles, Condoms, etc.) as we would like. The staff and volunteers are • Information and schedules regarding: displayed at the agency. The image for the mosaic
- for everyone. dedicated and committed and will continue to will be decided upon collaboratively and we'd love
provide the best care possible. Thanks for your o Medications
o Nutrition to get input from you! Please send us a sketch or an
Sometimes we and the phones are very busy so patience and understanding! outline of what images you would like to be part
please keep trying! o Community Health Resources of our mural, themed around prison, health and
o HIV understanding liberation. We don't want to miss out on input from
Calling all artists, writers (fiction, o Complications to HIV (eg Opportunistic
About Cell Count non - fiction , short stories , etc ), illustra - our readers who can't physically attend the meetings
Infections) so let us know what you'd want to see. This image is
PASAN publishes ‘Cell Count’, a minimum of tors , cartoonists , poets , journalists ( as -
piring or otherwise ), and other creative
• Assessments of emerging health issues from a past mosaic that was created by community
4 issues per year. It is sent out for FREE to • Management of existing medical conditions members and the arts collective we are working
Clients & Prisoners in Canada. If you are on types :
or follow up(s) with.
the outside or part of an organization, please We want your submissions! We get lots of let-
consider a donation @ $20 per year. Issue #79 • Communication with community! Institu-
ters from our readers telling us how much they tional health care providers for access
is our first issue after a year because we didn’t
have the funds to run it until now. But we’re love seeing all your work and they’re hungry • To clarify or communicate health infor-
back with a whole new look and editor! See for more. Send us your stuff and get published mation and to advocate for health service
the PASAN page about who contributed to this in Cell Count. When you send stuff in, please provisions
issue. make sure you write a line in that gives us per- • Communicating findings and follow up plans
mission to publish your work. Also, let us know and accountabilities with PHAs and PASAN
Publisher: PASAN if you would like your work returned to you or primary workers (or delegates)
sent on to someone else! Please sign up at front desk
526 Richmond St E, Toronto, ON M5A 1R3 Writers: We get a lot of great work sent in that
we are unable to use because of very limited ID Clinic
Circulation: 1700+ - Recirculation: ??? space. Apologies. Please consider the column The Partners for Access and Identification
All original artwork, poems and writings are the width & keep articles/poems tight & to the
sole/soul property of the artist and author. (PAID) project opens doors and breaks down
point. Honestly, the first items to go in are the barriers for individuals who do not have a fixed
Fair Dealing in the Canadian Copyright Act: ones that fit nicely and leave space for others or permanent address.
Sections 29, 29.1, 29.2: “Fair dealing for the – quality and quantity! Also, let us know in The ID Clinics are held at PASAN on the 1st &
purpose of research, private study, education, writing if it’s ok to edit your work for grammar, 3rd Thursday of each month, 1:00-2:00pm
parody, satire, criticism, review, and news re- spelling and so we can fit it in. The project operates at various sites across the
porting does not infringe copyright.” We especially want more submissions from city of Toronto. The PAID project also con-
3 // from inside
Missing my Baby
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER
Missing my Baby I always thought that I would have you magazine. I will keep you posted with Subtle warm and uplifting she did seem
forever my new address change. So keep up the But of course that was at first.
Had a girl who lived on the east side but then you left me and never came back superb work, I was but a leaf caught in the torment of
Big house, nice car wit em green eyes You left without ever saying goodbye or Respectfully submitted, her updraft,
Rollin thru the hood wit my gun now looking back Marcel Allary Spinning out of control until it hurt.
One late night, one late night out yeah You didn’t even wave or kiss me to show
Poem 1 When everything went dark and I felt
Shoulda listened to my girl, affection cold,
Shoulda put it down It made me wonder I always thought love would Then I realized I was laying in the dirt.
Pulled the trigger, now I’m looking at life Sometimes Come with flashing lights
now Sometime long ago when I was me and I And a trumpets blare No chance
Sittin in my cell wit my head down was with you I always But much as a serenade or a breath of Raised up by the streets the way I was

concrete blossoms
All alone, hollering at my baby on the thought that maybe we would be forever springtime air stumbling every step
phone now but then again I left You love has entered Has filled my life with nothing more than
You and I never went back because you My heart suffering & regrets
Locked up on my birthday hurt me. I left you And ever so gently A column for self-identified women, gender-
When I should have been in school with
I thought you loved me Without a goodbye. I left you with scars, Whispers there queer and non-binary folks.
teachers and making friends
Like you said you did some things you will always remember Poem 2 I found myself roaming the roads barely a Rights for BC Transgender
My Birthday is tomorrow me by. I don’t know whether boy and becoming a man Prisoners
And I aint got no letter yet My sort of affection was a kiss of anger. It Laws be right Now as I look back thinking to myself
Better yet made you wonder Or whether laws By Gin Marshall
about the chances I never had Beneficial changes have been
You got me thinking so much Sometimes Be wrong I wonder am I the one to blame or is it included in the November, 2015
My hearts to fall out my chest Sometime long ago when I was me and All I know is he who be in jail mom & dad revision of the British Columbia
Id pour my heart out for you you were you. I brought you into a world The wall be strong Jessy Rose Corrections Branch, Adult Custo-
Girl and I had it out for you you never know. I got you counting And that each day
And if I were to lose you girl Reform? dy Policy. The Policy outlines that
stacks that you never thought youèd see. Is like a year Transgender prisoners should now be
I couldn’t imagine what I’d do Now you act like I’m someone you don’t A year whose days are long referred to by their preferred name
Powered by more just laws
Were seven years in see, How could this be when we use to be Wayne Yates and gender pronoun verbally and
And bourgeois terror,
I couldn’t believe it man dat love was true like Jay and B. It makes me wonder. Box 2000 placed in a correctional centre ac-
The capitalist death drive
And when I’m feeling down Sometimes Agassiz BC cording to their self-identified gender
Steamrolls over the picket line
Its cuz my feelings are reaching out for Sometime long ago when you were you VOM 1AO or housing preference, recognizing
Be we now have
you and I was me. Fragile Things that not all transgender prisoners
Softer blankets want to be housed according to their
Im locked up in a cell feelin down It’s my turn to make you wonder and act Eyes look ‘round behind me And our death camp self-identified gender. The Policy also
Everytime I think of you like you’re someone I don’t see. Robin’s egg falling gently Is pretty (The Walls outlines that Transgender prison-
I wanna be right by your side Diamond Pauses and Spins, slowly round Are bright and the barbed wire ers are allowed to keep personal
My love is hard to hide January 25 2016 Waiting for eyes to blin Fence lined with colour.) gender-expression items and are also
But lately its been killing me Elora Bruns A reflection in the glass I hardly even notice anymore allowed to purchase canteen items
It’s almost broken literally All mankind looks back, I pause according to their self-identified gen-
The Person I Use to HATE The tire tracks
I pray for it to leave me Seeing my egg shell skin der. The Policy states that whenever
On my flaccid penis
Be the suffering and agony How could it be Waiting for time to crack possible, transgender prisoners will
As I get fist-fucked
I think about you when in my bed That I’m Free Shards fall slowly to ground not be segregated, and if they are
By the invisible hand
I stay up so late it’s hard to sleep In every way, but physically, Broken images spinning sharply segregated, it will be for as short a
Nick Paccione
My birthday Feb 21st Mentally and Emotionally Seven more years of luck time period as possible. According
Jennifer to the Policy, Transgender prisoners
Frenchy 22:13 Mentally It’s a grind Son long ago, time is fragile I cupped your who are housed according to their
Naresh Jolly Emotionally I try Earth from space is a marble Searing moonlight birth-assigned gender are not required
FIGHT THE ADDICTION I find that with time Balance with care n a pin And you drank to share a cell with another prisoner.
I think it enough Spinning ‘round before me My blood For Transgender prisoners who
You feel the steel and its little prick Everything will be fine Filled with fragile things And we danced want more information or need
The needle and its contents will make Deep down inside Wake up from this dream and see support around these issues, the
Drunk in the
you sick! Is the place that I cry Futures scattered ‘cross the floor West Coast Prisoner Justice Society’s 2015
Devils garden
The addiction to the needle is one Hell The tears help keep at bay, the flames Trying not to step on them pamphlet entitled Transgender*
My hand
of a fight! That so often rise to my brian You know, they break s easy Rights in Federal Prisons contains
Now cups
Hustle all day, to get HIGH ALL It drive me insane Kris Olson the following process for contacting
A withered heart
NIGHT! That I might die in this maze March 2014 them: Before you contact Prisoners'
But when immortal Legal Services, you must call the
It will consume you in the blink of an eye! Smoking patch after patch
Notes in Prison Evening dies Legal Services Society Call Centre at
Till the only thing that matters is getting Doing lines of cocaine I still look 1-888-839-8889 for a referral. After
HIGH! I cry out of sadness, fear and the pain Noon in prison At the moon obtaining a referral, you may call the
My Family says don’t dwell on the past. They dry on my face and tis there I think about poetry And whisper Prisoners’ Legal Services for help at
Get it together and make this time your That their stained Everything is poetry Your name 1-866-577-5245. Their telephone lines
last! Is this my claim to some fame? Notepad on bed are open Monday to Friday between
Nick Paccione
But I can’t make any promises, even Putting words on a page I scribble down words 9-11 a.m. and 1-3 p.m.
though they are right. Being trap in a cage Words are everywhere Hurt
All i can do is stand up and fight Trapped with this rage New York is far When I was small
Fight for my freedom and the life I once That I take out on people I’m in Canadian prison Women stay connected with
had You seemed very tall
Still deprives me escape Everyone is in prison You treated my like dirt children
The one I was given from my Mom and As of late I need a change in my soul Nas raps on my stereo
Dad Now I’m feeling very hurt
Either change in many ways, or I’ll never I won’t stop now By Shelby Kennedy
Do or Die Make it or Not I was an innocent child Women account for 11% of all
make it home...\ Everyone hates me Who was gone completely wild
I would be Rather HATED FOR WHO Kyle King Never getting out provincial custodial sentences and
I AM! You were the one I was supposed to look most are in prison for the first time.
Happy New Year Cell Count Jan 16 I’m just trying to be free up to Because women and girls account for
Than LOVED FOR WHO I AM NOT! Everyone is free
Daniel Robert Smith 2016 Then I realized that was not true. 70% of people who live in absolute
Now that I’m alone I’m so full of rage poverty, there is an increasing number
Untitled Good afternoon there Minister of Infor- I am connected of women who are incarcerated for
That I don’t care if I end up in a cage.
mation To everything necessary crimes related to economic
My heart is damaged, a broken soul I am a client here at Regional Correctional Living with this pain
This poem placed third in the Pacific survival. In other words, we are im-
So full of hatred and stuck in turmoil Centre, I have been held captive here Is driving me insane
Regional Literacy Awards. I’d love to see prisoning women for doing their best
Battered and bruised deep in a hole since Oct 30th 2015. I will be released Oh Great spirit with your gentle voice to provide for themselves and their
it published in Cell Count. Hopefully that
MY emotions rattled, lost complete Feb 28 2016. Being here on vacation Please help me make the right choice families. Every day, more young wom-
could be possible. The prison theme is
control should of had a less that was to be Help me to understand en (particularly between ages 20 and
this but there are a lot of broken futures
This women i love has no time for me learned. However I only made more mad scarred across the prison yard That you are in command 34) are being arrested and incarcerated
No longer waiting she’s been set free contacts in the system. I am here because Teach us to respect one another for shorter, provincial sentences in
I don’t know why I wrote never get- Canada. Many of these women are
A heart that’s locked, she holds the key the Government says I can’t “grow ting out in the fourth stanza. My release Just like a sister or a brother
Has she moved on or does she wait for I want to learn how to forgive mothers and will be forced to separate
weed.” I was caught with 5 plants over date is actually March 2018. Still prison from their children.
me my legal limit. And again that is another is more than just a place - it is a state of So that I may continue to live
Help me to be strong The structure of the prison system
The truth be told soon I’ll be able to see day and a half story. I have read one of mind. in Nova Scotia creates particularly
Jasson Van Oorschot your summer issues of Cell Count. I was Kris Olson Especially when things start to go wrong challenging barriers for women inside.
amazed by the in depth info I read in Having this feeling Burnside is a maximum security pro-
Sometimes Hurricane Andrea
three. Very very interesting. Please feel Is a part of our healing vincial facility primarily for men. It is
Sometime long ago when I was me and I to publish any of this in your cell count. She came into my life, By Wally Katigakyok and Friend Tim also the only provincial institution that
was in you As I would like to be a subscriber to the As a gust of wind though not fierce Carter Cont'd on page 5
4 // news on the block
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER

Absurdity of Solitary Confinement Practices Mounts
one to society once they’re incarcerated,
the easier it will be to reintegrate them”
the introduction of increasing fees for
By Victor Bruzzone charge should be stayed. And those phone calls is a worrying trend3.
who allowed this to happen must be Contraband Detecting Toilet
The use of solitary confinement held to account. Nothing less can Pooh-Poohed
in Canadian prisons has recently compensate for this sickening cruel-
received increased media attention. ty”, argued the Globe2. Corrections Canada had tendered
Much of this relates to the recent Sadly, the Capay situation is not a contract to spend over $266,000 on
case of 23-year old Adam Capay, a entirely unique. As Rachel Browne special toilets that mechanically sep-
prisoner in a Thunder Bay, Ontario reported for Vice News, there are arate feces and any potential contra-
jail. The shocking fact that Capay currently (as of November 2016) 21 band. Corrections Canada investigator
has spent more than 1,560 days in Ontario inmates who have been in Howard Sapers was immediately
isolation (that’s more than four years) solitary confinement for more than critical of the plan. If Corrections
has recently come to the public’s a year. This seems to be a sharp Canada “argues that it doesn't have the
attention. Capay is currently awaiting increase from 2015, which is kind of resources to, for example, spend more
trial for allegedly killing a fellow ridiculous considering Correctional on programming or putting more
prisoner1. Services administration was supposed resources into integration services”,
things that help inmates return to
This situation is unacceptable to be decreasing its use of segrega- the community, “then I would be
for a number of reasons. For one tion3. really interested in seeing the business
thing, The United Nations Standard Despite the warnings about the case that results in spending more
Minimum Rules for the Treatment of cruel use of solitary confinement, money on this technology”, argued
Prisoners states that eliminating hu- stopping its use won't be an easy task. Sapers. Moreover, according to prison
man contact for more than 22 hours The Globe and Mail has reported that statistics there has been no discernible
a day, for more than 15 consecutive the CSC workers union supports the increase in Contraband smuggling
days in a windowless room is torture. use of solitary, arguing that reducing that might justify such technology .
The psychological harm that solitary the practice will put prisoners and Thankfully, the plan has been shelved
confinement causes is well document- employees at greater risk of harm4. for now4.
ed. If there were any evidence to back Assisted Death in Prisons?
As Maclean’s journalist Martin this up perhaps such concerns would
Patriquin reported, Correctional be worth considering. However, from Lauren Krugel of The Canadian
Services Canada practices a kind of the 2013-14 fiscal year to the present, Press reported on the implications of
new assisted death laws for prison-
‘double talk’ on the topic of solitary a period in which prisons were man- ers. Corrections Canada policy is to
confinement claiming Canadian dated to reduce their use of segrega- provide prisoners with the same level
prisons do not practice solitary con- tion, “Figures measuring assaults on of health care as would be received
finement, but rather “administrative inmates and staff, and inmate fights in the general population. Now that
segregation”. This distinction seems have remained relatively stable”. assisted death is legally available
suspect. According to Correctional A CBC investigative report by for patients with terminal illnesses
Services Canada spokesperson Avely Jacques Marcoux shows that the in Canada this has raised questions
Serin, “It is the separation, when use of segregation might also be about how this will apply to prisoners.
specific legal requirements are met, rather arbitrary depending on the Implementation would need to ensure
of an inmate from other inmates.” prison and region of Canada. In the that prisoners have the means to give
If Capay has indeed been segregated report, Marcoux uncovered data that their informed consent. Criminal law
in a windowless room for more than suggests how long a prisoner is likely expert Lisa Silver wants to see specific
amendments to relevant laws to ensure
22 hours per day (and there is every to spend in solitary depends on the that prisoners have “the same access
indication that he was/is), there is no particular prison (See Charts). This to medical and legal advice in making
functional difference between solitary suggests that the policies governing their end-of-life decisions” as those
confinement and “administrative the use of segregation are not clear, in the general population. Formal
isolation”. and that prisons are basically setting recommendations are expected in the
Another outrageous fact with their own standards depending on coming year5.
regard to the Capay case is that prison culture5.
Accountability for Prisoners at
according to Ontario Corrections "The legislation basically says that Risk with news of Sapers’ Resig-
policy, every five days of segregation [administrative] segregation can be nation
is supposed to lead to an internal used for any reason related to the se-
review. Moreover, prisoners spending curity of the penitentiary or the safe- Are your complaints being heard?
30 days in segregation should auto- ty of any person. Those are both very A 2015 article by Craig W. J. Minogue
matically trigger notifications to se- broad categories and they allow a lot published in the Journal of Prisoners
nior officials at Ontario Corrections of discretion on the part of prison on Prisons highlights the significant
Services. Therefore, there is good officials," explained Lisa Kerr, As- problem of prison staff and manage-
reason to believe that prison officials sistant Professor of Law at Queen’s ment not understanding the law or
have been reminded monthly about University. This is a troubling finding The review will focus on “finding Capay. The Globe and Mail proper administrative decision making
Capay's situation, and have spent four that should hopefully lead to action ways to reduce the use, duration and 3 Browne, R. (2016, November 4). 21 Ontario processes. Minogue, who has been
years choosing not to take action. on clarifying policy surrounding the conditions of solitary confinement, Inmates Have Been Held in Solitary Confine- imprisoned in Australia since 1986
In light of this appalling situation, use of segregation. proposing other options — especially ment for More Than a Year. VICE Canada. has previously brought his com-
it is reassuring to see the Globe and As of Novemeber 8th 2016, the for those with mental health issues — 4 White, P. (2016, October 13). Measures to plaints to the United Nations High
reduce segregation put prison safety at risk, Commissioner for Human Rights,
Mail run an editorial condemning the Toronto Star reported that federal and boosting training for staff, among union warns. The Globe and Mail. claiming that the Australian Ombuds-
Capay situation, “The inhuman treat- corrections services investigator other concerns6.” 5 Macoux, J. (2016, October 20). Where you’re man's Office (the sole accountability
ment of Adam Capay defies catego- Howard Sapers will head a com- 1 Patriquin, M. (2016, November 2). Why locked up determines how much time you
Adam Capay has spent 1,560 days in solitary. spend in solitary confinement. CBC News mechanism for prisoners in Australia)
rization. He must be released from prehensive review of the Ontario was not effective in ensuring prisoners
Macleans 6 Rushowy, K. (2016, November 8). Howard
solitary and given medical care – by Corrections system, with particular 2 The Globe and Mail. (2016, October 24). Sapers to head segregation review | Toronto rights or responding to their com-
the end of this week. His murder emphasis on solitary confinement. Ontario’s sickening mistreatment of Adam Star. The Toronto Star. plaints. Minogue reveals that often in
Australia, prisoners complaints are "re-
What's New in Prison News? for changes to the way prisons manage
family visitation and communication
procedures. The second most frequent
Bill Graveland of the Canadian
Press recently reported on the steadily
increasing fees that Canadian prisoners
defined" by the Ombudsman's office,
reframing the initial issue out of con-
text, to a matter of procedure. Often
Compiled by Victor Bruzzone and rights issue. Sapers “points to poverty,
Kira Hogarth-Davis internal complaint by inmates reveals have to pay to make phone calls. Mani- complaints are also handled with bias,
the history of colonialism and lingering flaws “with technology that is meant to
effects of the residential school system toba prisons recently introduced a $3 fee initially judged to have occurred with
Aboriginal Population in Canadian ease their communication with loved for calls of up to 15 minutes. In addi- "good reason" by corrections officials.
as reasons why so many aboriginal ones”, reported Zoe Todd of CBC
Prisons Grows people suffer from alcoholism and tion, Alberta prisoners pay $1.25 plus 25 Canada's equivalent to Australia’s
News. Many such complaints relate to Ombudsman is the Correctional
Efforts to curb the high percentage other problems that land them in the inconsistent telephone function and cents per minute for long distance calls.
justice system.” Kim Pate, executive Investigator for Canada, which is
of aboriginals in Canadian prisons are the replacement of in-person meeting These fees coincide with the introduc-
director of the Canadian Association of currently headed by Howard Sapers.
failing according to Corrections Canada spaces for virtual video calls. As Sapers tion of Texas-based Synergy Inmate
Elizabeth Fry Societies expressed little Sapers has led numerous studies on
investigator Howard Sapers. As CBC argues, “family contact is a very, very Phone Solutions as private contractor
surprise at the numbers and expects Canada's federal prisons, and has high-
News reported, people with aboriginal important part of the safe and timely tasked with managing the phone systems
to see these numbers rise to as much lighted similar troubles with the CSC's
ancestry now make up 25.4 percent of return to communities”. Sapers will at prisons in Manitoba, Alberta, and Sas-
as 40-50 percent should no action be accountability. A disturbing example
the federal prison population (including be outlining his concerns in his annual
taken1. katchewan. Prisoners' Justice advocates surrounds the CSC's failure to proper-
Adam Capay). The numbers for female report2. worry that prisoners will lose connection ly report on deaths which occurred in
prisoners is even higher at over 36 Calls for Prison Visitation Reform Unreasonable Increased Phone with family and friends because of the prison. In a study released in August
percent. Sapers expressed alarm over
Correction Services Canada inves- Costs burden of paying fees. Since,“research 2016, Sapers revealed that reports re-
the dramatic year over year increases
and sees it at as a potential human tigator Howard Sapers’ recently called shows us the closer you can keep some- cont'd on page 5
5 // news on the block
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER

Will Trump Win Affect Canadian Prison System? Keeping in Touch with Books
Trump so blatantly abhors. The power Concrete blossoms cont'd from page 3 inside have the opportunity to choose
of American culture and politics rests houses women. Women serving sen- a book and have the members of BBB
in its ability to seep into the ethos of tences in other provinces would have record them reading it aloud. BBB
other nations. This begs the question: access to minimum or medium security will then mail a copy of the record-
How will Trump’s presidency affect the depending on their charge, but that is ing, along with the storybook, to the
prison system here in Canada? not the case in Nova Scotia. Most of woman’s family/children. Kids are able
While Canada holds the internation- the programming available at Burn- to follow the story along with their
al reputation of being a multicultural, side is designed for men and fails to moms, grandmas, or aunties, even at a
peacekeeping country, it is no secret recognize the needs of women. Simply distance.
that our leaders have (covertly) shared put, women on the inside are grossly I had the chance to speak with
Trump’s carceral vision. Quiet as its under-served. On top of this, some an ex-prisoner from Burnside who
kept, Canada is undergoing the largest women are incarcerated hours away is a former BBB program user. She
prison expansion in North America, from their homes and families. This can described these services as “invaluable”
with an estimated $2 billion going to- make visits difficult as traveling takes to women on the inside. While inside,
wards new beds and facility expansion time and money that some people just she was frustrated over the lack of
over the course of five years. Trudeau’s do not have. educational programming relevant to
opinion on Trump’s more egregious Books Beyond Bars (BBB) is a small post-GED studies. Due to this gap in
platform promises could be described collective of roughly 10 people that programming, books were essential to
as moderate at best, however the cur- do work around prisoner justice issues, her ability to expand her knowledge
rent prison project undertaken during particularly issues faced by women and skills. BBB was the only pro-
his time as Prime Minister speaks vol- imprisoned in Nova Scotia. BBB, an gramming she recalls having access
umes. The nature of a nation’s justice abolitionist organization, was formed to during her time at Burnside. But as
system speaks to the core values its in 2005 after a talk on the living condi- with a lot of other programming, if the
leaders possess. The prison expansion tions of women in prison delivered by prison was on lockdown or she was in
By Charlene Grant occurring in Canada is in alignment ex-prisoner Ann Hansen. Their work the hole there was absolutely no access
with the mores found at the heart of involves public education and services to basic human needs, nevermind pro-
With every presidential campaign, the expansion of the Prison Industrial Trump’s campaign. for women inside. grams. She also shared her experiences
the American political sphere ushers the Complex and the privatization of feder- Canada’s relationship with the U.S. At the foundation of these services of being able to maintain connections
voting public (and international specta- al prisons across North America. during Trump’s presidency is likely to is the library program. Every two with BBB since being out and the ways
tors) into a period of partisan passion. The U.S. imprisons more of its only exacerbate the existing issues in weeks, BBB goes into Burnside with a in which that has positively affected her
Fear and excitement seems to swell population than any other nation on our prison and justice system. Cur- lending library for the women. Aside life. Members of Books Beyond Bars
the ground each candidate treads, and earth. Trump’s victory as Republican rently, the legal maximum wage an from the existing library, prisoners have were able to help support her proposal
one’s alliance with either party warrants electoral candidate will only strength- inmate can earn is $6.90, one in every a choice in what they read by submit- for a peer-support program by helping
appraisal of an ominous moral com- en this tradition through his virulent five inmates commit suicide and the ting requests for specific books/au- with writing the proposal and by offer-
pass. Nevertheless, it is a phase where support of prison privatization and Black inmate population has increased thors/subjects. Anything from the legal ing space to hold the program.
the stakes are high and fortune favours intentions to crack down on America’s by 69% (between 2005 and 2015). thrills of author John Grisham to the Due to capacity, BBB only offers
the elected candidate. Donald Trump’s “out of control” crime rates. With the Trump’s presidency spells critical times biography of Cher. After every visit in- services for provincially-sentenced
recent ascension to U.S. presidency has scales of incarceration already tipped for these two North American nations side, BBB will post the list of requests women imprisoned in Nova Scotia.
brought profound realities of racial to place minorities at a disadvantage, and whether or not Canada's leadership to their various platforms and work But feel free to take whatever you can
friction and Neo-Liberal ambition into one can only imagine what will happen is prepared to mitigate the damage hard to locate the requested books. In from this. If you already have access to
focus. Both issues are primary factors in during to the marginalized populations remains to be seen. some cases, if funding is available the a library program such as this, consider
collective will purchase the books if speaking to folks about organizing
Hope for the Canadian Prison Farm Program they are unable to get it on donation.
Another way BBB assists women
with maintaining their connections to
something like the “read aloud” pro-
gram. If you do not have a library pro-
gram, the folks at Books Beyond Bars
By Kira Hogarth-Davis the world outside is through the “Read recognize the value of these programs
ing the farms, with initial interest focus- they would be willing to hire a current
or former prisoner, to which over 90% Aloud” program. During their visits, and are willing to chat with people
On November 9th 2016 the ing on the Kingston area of Ontario. on the outside about how to establish
Over the summer the government responded positively. members of BBB bring in a selection
Federal government released a report of children’s books. Women on the these types of programs elsewhere.
reviewing the closure of the CSC conducted consultations and surveys Despite these optimistic results,
penitentiary farms. Before the closure which asked for public opinion on the future of the prison farm program
of the 6 farms in in Alberta, Saskatch- re-establishing the farms. The results is still undecided. The results of the during this time supporters of migrant rights violation in detention is to pour
ewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New of the consultations revealed that there consultation will be used to make a justice took to the streets in Regina, money into detention centres. This level
Brunswick, up to 700 prisoners were is great interest in the farms, receiving decision in the future, and currently Ottawa, Toronto and Peterborough. In of cynicism is disgusting.
employed in the program annually. The over 6000 responses from Canadians only Joyceville and Collins Bay are Goodale’s hometown, Indigenous land To answer yes to those questions,
decision to close the farms was highly nationwide. Of these respondents, defenders at the Colonialism No More the Federal Liberals would have to pass
88% agreed that the prison farms were being considered. Like many decisions
controversial, with supporters arguing camp showed up again and again at laws, or propose regulations, or at least
that the farms taught essential skills and mutually beneficial to both the CSC made by the government, the fate of Goodale’s offices and public appear- make policy changes that end indefinite
built connections with the surround- and the community. The community the prison farms may come down to ances until he met with them. Solidarity detention, that end the detention of
ing community. Prisoners employed also believed that employment working economics. Back in 2010 the farm messages and letters of support flooded children, that end the maximum secu-
on the farm worked on farm mainte- on the farms would be beneficial for program generated $7.5 million, but ran in. Hundreds of us called, emailed and rity imprisonment of detainees. The
nance, feeding cattle, operating milking prisoners, with a staggering 98.3% at an operating cost of $11.6 million: a tweeted at Minister Goodale. entire process by which detainees are
machinery, grain cultivation, as well as indicating that the farms played an im- loss of $4.1 million annually. Goodale spoke, not because of detained would need to be revised.
plowing, harvesting, tilling and planting portant part of prisoner rehabilitation. the goodness of his Liberal heart, but That hasn’t happened – and so our
crops. The new Liberal government is The same survey also asked agricultural Source: Release of Results of CSC Penitentiary because we – all of us, but most impor- work is far from done. Just last week,
now studying the possibility of reopen- business owners and farm operators if Farms Public Consultation 2016-11-09 tantly immigration detainees – pres- we were in court with Alvin Brown,
http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/consult/index-en.shtml
sured him to do so. And it wasn’t easy. who was imprisoned without charges
Correctional Investigator Exits Hunger strike forces
Goodale tried to ignore us, and tried to
dismiss our pressure with a public blog
or trial for over five years. We used a
creative, and never-tried-before legal
Accountability cont'd from page 4
leased to families of deceased prison-
prison visitation system hard on families of inmates,
critics say. CBC News announcement on full of lies and misrepresentations.
Now, let us examine the announce-
strategy, to get the Ontario provincial
courts to rule on a federal immigration
ers contained evidence of non-compli-
3. Graveland, B. (2016, October 27). Increased
phone costs and additional punishment for prison detentions ment. $138 million will be used to matter. While we were expect the ruling
ance with policy, including censorship inmates. CityNews renovate or rebuild two (of the three) to come in a few weeks, CBSA was up
and completely changing the context 4. Burke, D. (2016, October 5). Prison watchdog
On August 15, the Federal Public Safety immigration prisons in Canada, in to its dirty tricks. Alvin Brown was
of information provided. pooh-poohs $266K toilet-buying plan to collect Minister Ralph Goodale pitched a new Laval, Quebec and Vancouver, British deported in the middle of the litigation,
The findings of Sapers echo the inmates’ waste. CBC News. national immigration detention strategy. Columbia. $10 million of these funds suspiciously timed to ensure that case
disturbing study by Minogue, clearly in-
5. Krugel, L. (2016, June 16). Medically assisted Before we share our analysis of this will be allocated to mental health sup- law favourable to immigration detainees
dicating that accountability mechanisms
death: Can Canadian prison inmates now ask to die? announcement, let us first discuss the ports. Consultations will take place at wouldn’t be created. His lawyers are still
| Global News. context within which the announce-
are lacking for prisoners on a global Craig W. J. Minogue (2015). Effective Accountabil- some point, likely by invitation, to make seeking damages.
scale. The findings of the August 2016 ity Mechanisms Overseeing Corrections in Australia ment was made. further changes. Over the next few months, we will
report are troubling in light of recent and Beyond: Are Ombudspersons a Vital Element Melkioro Gahungu, Francisco We do not expect radical transfor- be in the streets, the courts, in MP
news of Sapers’ resignation. Sapers will in the Rule of Law or a Forlorn Hope?. Journal of Astorga, and an as-yet unidentified mation from any government body, offices, and on social media raising
be leaving his federal position in January
Prisoners on Prisons, 24(1). man, died in immigration detention in but we asked ourselves: Would these hell, and seeking your support to end
http://www.jpp.org/back_issues.htm the last six months. Three deaths under
2017 and will begin to work solely for Prison Watchdog Howard Sapers Fears Death changes have kept Melkioro, Francisco, immigration detention. But know this,
the province of Ontario. His replace- Reports Are Being Censored
Goodale’s watch, and not a single word Abdurrahman or anyone else alive? the fight is far from done. 
ment has yet to be announced, but it is By Michael Tutton, The Canadian Press of apology, accountability or responsi- Would these changes mean that individ- Re-printed with permission from the
crucial that the Liberal government must 08/02/2016 bility from the Federal Liberals. uals would not be jailed in maximum End Immigration Detention Network
bring in someone who is willing to work
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2016/08/02/study- The silence was broken only when security prisons? Would these changes (End Immigration Detention Peter-
as tirelessly to improve CSC conditions
suggests-federal-prisons-blacking-out-errors-in- dozens of people put their health and mean that individuals and families and borough, End Detentions Vancouver,
death-reports-ombudsman_n_11303468.html lives at stake. On July 11th, around 50
and accountability. In the Dark: An Investigation of Death in Custo- children would not be jailed indefinitely Fuerza Puwersa and No One Is Illegal
1. CBC News. (2016, January 14). Prison watchdog dy Information Sharing and Disclosure Practices in immigration detainees began a hunger without charges or trial? The answer to – Toronto.)
shocked at number of aboriginal inmates. CBC Federal Corrections Final Report August 2, 2016 strike in two Ontario prisons. The strike all of the above is a resounding No. In Please note: The original article added fur-
News. http://www.oci-bec.gc.ca/cnt/rpt/pdf/oth-aut/ grew to over 60 detainees by Day 2. fact, the Liberals’ only response to the ther notes to this article, however, due to space
2. Todd, Z. (2016, September 25). Canada’s federal oth-aut20160802-eng.pdfl The hunger strike lasted 19 days and hunger strike denouncing gross human constraints, we could not re-print these.  
6 // remembering pete collins
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER
Pete Fought for Change
Pete Collins cont'd from page 1
Justice Day for 31 years.
In an environment that is designed
to crush people’s spirits and dehuman-
ize them, Pete maintained his sense
of self, his integrity, his humour, his
creativity, his kind and loving nature,
and his drive to make change in the
world.
Despite his daily experiences of
cruelty, arbitrary exercises of power,
censorship, retaliation, dishonesty and
outright torture at the hands of CSC,
he was always looking beyond his own
struggle, and using his experience to
raise awareness and fight for systemic
change. He ceaselessly stood up for
what he believed in, even when it
came at great personal cost. There was
never any other option for him. In a
system that demands compliance, he
resisted until the very end. He was the
strongest person I’ve ever met.
His death is a huge loss and he CORRECTIONAL CARTOONS
CORRECTIONAL CARTOONS is missed every day, but he lives on 12) Wanted Cartoonist; 2003
10) One of those Decades; 2003 through his work, and in the hearts (Previously 001) The vehemence that the CSC has gone after me & my artis-
Just a play on the "one of those days" complaints that we all throw around. and minds of those who love him and tic/political expression has underlined the old adage that the pen is mightier
It popped into my head when a guard was walking through our range com- were inspired by him. than the sword. I am amazed at the lengths the CSC has gone to try and
plaining to anyone who would listen about what a tough day he was having. silence my dissenting views.
7 // health and harm reduction
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER
From Mobb Deep Rapper, A Cookbook For Healthy Eating — In Prison

5 STEPS TO By Tove Danovich tray — green beans — and it was where you’re at for an hour or two,”
NPR.org served only once a week. Even though Prodigy says. “It helps people get along,
Prevent Overdose
In Toronto SAVE A LIFE It’s hard enough to eat healthy even
when you have access to grocery stores,
sharp knives and refrigerators. But
he tried to eat healthy, readers of the
book will notice the recipes are a far cry
from anything Gwyneth Paltrow would
too. Sometimes if you’ve got a group
of people in there that are cool with
each other, we’d order a chicken [from

1
for those in prison, it can be almost whip up in her kitchen. “It’s not all the commissary] together or make a
impossible. healthy stuff,” Prodigy told NPR in an dinner.”

SHAKE & SHOUT Behind bars, it often takes ingenuity,
a hodgepodge of commissary items and
food shipped from loved ones to even
interview. “There’s a lot of butter and
seasonings — it’s as healthy as I could
get in the prison system.”
The most important part of prison
cooking, Prodigy writes, is the season-
ings. Luckily, the commissary offered a
at shoulders their name approximate a proper diet. This is what Just because inmates have access lot of them: hot sauce, soy sauce, sugar,
Albert “Prodigy” Johnson, of the influ- to the prison cafeteria doesn’t mean mayonnaise, ketchup, barbecue sauce

2
A pharnacist or The Works can train you to use Naloxone
ential hip-hop duo Mobb Deep — you that they have enough to eat. Prison and honey. He could also get spices
might remember their '90s hit single meals are often so cheap, meager and like Goya Sazón and Adobo, as well as
911
CALL 911 Shook Ones, Part II — discovered after
he was sentenced for illegally possessing
bad that they’ve incited riots, caused
starving inmates to supplement their
garlic, onion and curry powders. Ramen
seasoning packets were popular behind
if unresponsive a firearm in 2007 in the United States. diets with “toothpaste and toilet paper,” bars, he says, but because each packet
Commissary Kitchen: My Infamous Prison and sparked investigations from human contains about 1,000 mg of sodium, he
Cookbook, is written by Prodigy and rights organizations, according to stayed away.

3
journalist Kathy Iandoli. In the book, the Marshall Project, a criminal justice Prodigy credits the success of his
Prodigy describes how his lifelong advocacy nonprofit. prison recipes to an inmate from the
INJECT NALOXONE battle with sickle cell anemia made him Those who try to cook during Virgin Islands who had been a chef on
1 ampoule (1mL) into hyper-conscious of what he ate while allotted times to avoid prison fodder the outside. Prodigy and others gave
incarcerated. might have to use a knife so dull that “it this inmate food to cook, and soon
arm or leg muscle “I couldn’t afford to get sick in only works as a stirrer,” Prodigy writes. the chef started explaining how to do

4
prison,” he writes. “My sickle cell is no Some inmates try to save can lids — things like debone canned fish or create
joke, so I couldn’t eat poorly or not ex- “the sharpest object you can get” — a sauce.
CHEST COMPRESSIONS ercise. And everything in jail is designed
to do the exact opposite.” This is just a
because they can be held sideways to
chop food.
“He was showing me different tech-
niques and eventually I started making
or full CPR and/or rescue hint of what sets Commissary Kitch- Only correctional officers can access up my own recipes and cooking them,”
en apart from other books in the genre refrigerators. But despite this, Prodigy Prodigy writes. “I found that prepara-
breathing as trained — it’s about Prodigy’s experience of managed to make curry gravy, macaroni tion is everything when you cook.”

5
prison as much, if not more than, about and tuna salads, baked seafood with Unlike most cookbooks, this food is

?
the food itself. Unlike most cookbooks, vegetables and sweet potato pie – all not about beautiful recipes or seasonal
IS IT WORKING? there will also be an audio version read recipes that are available in the book. ingredients. Prodigy writes that “in a
2nd If no improvement in 3-5 minutes by Prodigy — recipes included. In addition to wanting to eat better world where prisoners are treated like
While the prison menus did change, food, there’s another reason cooking animals,” preparing food made them
dose repeat steps 3 & 4 he writes that there was only one green is such a popular pastime in prison. feel human.
vegetable that made it onto his cafeteria “It’s just relaxing and you almost forget This article was edited due to space constraints

STAY! Stick around until EMS arrives HIV • If you don’t have access to enough
new needles, mark yours clearly
in case they still need help HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) attacks the immune system so there is no confusion. You can
PH1601SS625
(needed to fight off infection and sickness) and makes it weak. mark your needle by burning or
There is no vaccine or cure for HIV and the only way to tell if you breaking off a tiny piece of the
have it is to get tested through a simple blood test. plunger or mark it with a pen.
HIV is passed through blood, genital fluids (like semen (cum and • Use a latex condom every time
pre-cum), vaginal secretions (pussy juice) and anal fluids (ass you fuck (that goes for anal
juice)) and breast milk. To get HIV, the virus in one of these fluids sex too).
SIGNS OF
SIGNS of must come into direct contact with your bloodstream or the moist
lining in the vagina, ass, foreskin or pisshole of the cock. This
• Get tested for HIV. If you
know your status, you can
Prevent Overdose OPIOIDOVERDOSE
OPIOID OVERDOSE & usually happens through sharing injection equipment and through
vaginal and anal intercourse without a condom, and, very rarely,
take steps to be healthier
and safer.
In Toronto RECOVERY
+ RECOVERYPOSITION
POSITION cock sucking. HIV cannot be passed through other body fluids
(like sweat, tears, spit or piss) because they don’t hold enough of Contact any Community
the virus to infect a person. Health Centre or needle
exchange near you to get free
OVERDOSE • Avoid mixing drugs or using with alcohol. Try to use one When you inject a hit, you make a direct, open path to your condoms and water-based lube
at a time and use drugs before alcohol. bloodstream. This means there is a very high risk of HIV infection. (ask about how to use them
PREVENTION • Know your tolerance, if you haven’t used for a while, Whether you are HIV positive or HIV negative, you can lower your properly!), and to find out where
(3 days or more) your body can’t handle the same amount risk by following these steps: you can get tested for HIV.
as before. Start as if you have never used before. • Avoid sharing, lending or borrowing works!
• Do a tester and ask around with a new supply or dealer. • Use new equipment every time. Go to your local needle
Taste it, smoke it, use a little and see what others are saying. exchange to get new works.

• Use with a friend but avoid injecting at the same time in • Don’t handle or hold other people’s works and don’t let them
handle or hold yours.
case one of you needs help.
• Have a plan, talk about overdose before it happens and 32 33
with people you trust.
If You Can’t Get New Works How to clean your equipment
SIGNS OF • Can’t wake the person up The ideal way to protect yourself from HIV and Needles:
• Breathing is very slow, erratic or has stopped hepatitis C (Hep C) is to use new works every
Step 1: Draw cool, clean water up into
OPIOID • Deep snoring or gurgling sounds time you inject and to never
the syringe and shake for 30 seconds.
share. However, there are
• Fingernails or lips are blue or purple Squirt the water out. Do this again,
OVERDOSE many people who do not have
using new water.
• Body is very limp access to new needles. For
2 x water. 30 seconds
• Pupils are very small example, there are no needle Step 2: Repeat Step 1, but this time
exchange programs in prisons use fresh household bleach instead
or in remote areas. If you of water. Don’t forget to shake both
Head should be tilted back
RECOVERY POSITION slightly to open airway Place their hand
can’t get new needles (from a times for 30 seconds (it takes at least
needle exchange or pharmacy) this long for bleach to attack HIV).
under their head
it’s important to know how to
Put person in recovery for support
clean and sharpen your own Step 3: Repeat Step 1 again, using
position if: needle in case you ever need new clean water from a different
• Unconscious and to reuse it for yourself. container or from the tap.
2 x bleach. 30 seconds
breathing It’s very important to clean Cookers: You can also clean your
your own used needle properly spoon/cooker with bleach by rinsing it
• You have to leave before you inject with it. with water and letting it soak for 30
the person unattended Bend knee forward to prevent seconds in straight bleach, then rinse
body from rolling onto stomach and repeat the process. Rinse it with
water once more before using it.
Cleaning properly WILL NOT kill Hep C
The Works 277 Victoria St. Toronto, Ontario 416-392-0520 and MAY NOT kill HIV, but it’s safer
than doing nothing at all.
2 x water. 30 seconds
12 13
Source: Sharp Shooters: Harm Reduction Info For Safer Injection Drug Use. CATIE | Queen West Community Health Cen-
tre, 2014
8 // resources & about pasan
CELL COUNT//ISSUE 79//DECEMBER
EAST COAST
MONTREAL(Women) 2T8 705-497-3560 (Collect) HIV/AIDS REGIONAL SER- HIV EDMONTON
ALLY CENTRE Accept collect calls AIDS COMMITTEE of OTTAWA VICES (HARS) 9702 111 Ave NW, Edmonton, AB,
Take collect calls 1750 Rue Saint-Andre, 3rd Flr, Montre- 700-251 Bank St, Ottawa, K2P Accept collect calls T5G 0B1 1-877-388-5742
150 Bentinck St, Sydney, NS, B1P al, H2L 3T81-877-847-3636, 514-495-0990 1X3 613-238-5014 (Collect) or Toll 844-A Princess St, Kingston, K7L KIMAMOW ATOSKANOW FOUN-
1G6 902-567-1766 COALITION des ORGANISMES- Free (ON & QC only) 1-2800-461-2182 1G5 613-545-3698 (Collect) DATION
AIDS COALITION of NOVA COMMUNAUTAIRES QUEBE- AIDS COMMITTEE of THUN- ONTARIO ABORIGINAL HIV/ Accept collect calls
SCOTIA COIS de LUTTECONTRE le SIDA DER BAY AIDS STRATEGY RR 1, Site 1, Box 133, Onoway, AB,
Accept collect calls (COCQSIDA) 574 Memorial Ave, Thunder Bay, Accept collect calls T0E 1V01-866-971-7233, 780-913-9036
1675 Bedford Row, Halifax, NS, B3J Accept collect calls P7B 3Z21-800-488-5840, 807-345- 844-A Princess St, Kingston, K7L NINE CIRCLES COMMUNITY
1T11-800-566-2437, 902-425-4882 1 est, rue Sherbrooke, Montréal, H2X 1516 (Collect) 1G5 613-549-7540 (Collect) HEALTH CENTRE
AIDS COMMITTEE of NEW- 3V8 514-844-2477 POSITIVE LIVING NIAGARA PEEL HIV/AIDS NETWORK 705 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB, R3G
FOUNDLAND &LABRADOR COMITÉ des PERSONNES AT- Accept collect calls from registered Accept collect calls 0X2 1-888-305-8647
Take collect calls TEINTES du VIH du QUEBEC clients 160 Traders Blvd, Unit 1, Mississauga, PLWA NETWORK OF SAS-
47 Janeway Place, St. John’s, NL, A1A (CPAVIH) (Recommend that you get a case L4Z 3K7 KATCHEWAN
1R7 1-800-563-1575 1-800-927-2844 manager to get registered with 1-866-896-8700, 905-361-0523 (Collect) No collect calls
AIDS NEW BRUNSWICK 2075 rue Plessis bureau 310, Montreal, them) PETERBOROUGH AIDS RE- Box 7123, Saskatoon, SK, S7K 4I1 306-
65 Brunswick St, Fredericton, NB, E3B H2L 2Y4 1-800-927-2844 111 Church St, St Catharines, L2R SOURCE NETWORK (PARN) 373-7766
1G51-800-561-4009, 506-459-7518 3C9 905-984-8684 or toll free 1-800- Accept collect calls PRINCE ALBERT METIS WOM-
AIDS PEI ONTARIO 773-9843 302-159 King St, Peterborough, EN’S ASSOC.
Take collect calls 2-SPIRITED PEOPLE of the 1ST ANISHNAWBE HEALTH AIDS K9J 2R81-800-361-2895, 705-932- No collect calls
2-375 University Ave, Charlottetown, NATIONS PROGRAM 9110 (Collect) 54 10th St E, Prince Albert, SK, S6V
PE, C1A 4N4 902-566-2437 Accept collect calls No collect calls STREET HEALTH CENTRE 0Y5 306-763-5356
AIDS SAINT JOHN 145 Front Street East Suite 105 Toron- 255 Queen St E, Toronto, M5A Accept collect calls RED RIBBON PLACE
Don’t accept collect calls to, Ontario M5A 1E3 416-944-9300 1S4 416-360-0486 Hepatitis C Treatment Program235 (ALL NATIONS HOPE AIDS
115 Hazen St, NB, E2L 3L3 506-652- AIDS COMMITTEE of TORON- ASIAN COMMUNITY AIDS SER- Wellington St, Kingston, K7K 0B5 613- NETWORK)
2437 TO (ACT) VICE 549-1440 (Collect) Call Leona Quewezance to confirm
HEALING OUR NATIONS: 543 Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, Don’t accept collect calls right now THE AIDS NETWORK (TAN) next week
1-800 565 4255 ON. M4Y 1Y5 416-340-2437 (Please (they will in 2-3 months) Don’t accept collect calls  2735 5th Ave, Regina, SK, S4T
3-15 Alderney Dr, Dartmouth, NS, note, they do not accept collect When prisoners call, they offer them 101-140 King St E, Hamilton, L8N 0L2 1-877-210-7622
B2Y 2N21-800-565-4255, 902-492-4255 calls) small bursaries to cover their calling 1B2 905-528-0854 toll free 1-866-563- STREET CONNECTIONS
MAINLINE NEEDLE EX- AFRICANS in PARTNERSHIP fees 0563 No collect calls
CHANGE AGAINST AIDS 107-33 Isabella St, Toronto, M4Y  THE WORKS 705 Broadway Ave, Winnipeg, MB,
Calls from within Nova Scotia are free No collect calls, call PASAN 2P7 416-963-4300 (Collect) Accept collect calls R3G 0X2 204-940-2504 WOMEN: 50
Don’t accept collect calls 526 Richmond St E, Toronto, M5A BLACK COALITION for AIDS 277 Victoria St, Toronto, 416-392-0520 Argyle, Winnipeg, MB, R3B 0H6 204-
5511 Cornwallis St, Halifax, NS, B3K 1R3 416-924-5256 PREVENTION (Collect) 943-6379
1B3 902-423-9991 AIDS COMMITTEE of CAM- Accept collect calls TORONTO PWA FOUNDATION
SHARP ADVICE NEEDLE EX- 20 Victoria St, 4th Flr, Toronto, M5C Accept collect calls from clients WEST COAST 
BRIDGE, KITCHENER,WATER-
CHANGE LOO & AREA 2N8 416-977-9955 (Collect) 200 Gerrard St E, 2nd Flr, Toronto, AIDS VANCOUVER ISLAND
Accept collect calls Accept collect calls CANADIAN HIV/AIDS LEGAL M5A 2E6 416-506-1400 Accepts collect calls. 713 Johnson
150 Bentnick St, Sydney, NS, B1P Have a toll-free number NETWORK St, 3rd Flr, Victoria, V8W 1M8 250-
6H1 902-539-5556 (Collect) Accept collect calls  PRAIRIES 
2B-625 King St E, Kitchener, N2G 384-2366 or 1-800-665-2437
SIDA/AIDS MONCTON 4V4 519-570-3687 (Collect), 1-877– 1240 Bay St #600, Toronto, M5R 2A7 416- HIV COMMUNITY LINK PLBC - PRISON OUTREACH
Accept collect calls as long as they’re 770–3687 595-1666 (Collect) Accept collect calls PROJECT
HIV related AIDS COMMITTEE OF GUELPH FIFE HOUSE 110-1603 10th Ave SW, Calgary, AB, 1107 Seymour St, Vancouver, V6B
80 Weldon St, Moncton, NB, E1C Accept collect calls, prefer that peo- Accepts collect calls T3C 0J7 403-508-2500 5S8 Toll Free: PROV - 604-525-
5V8 506-859-9616 ple use their 490 Sherbourne St, 2nd Flr, Toronto, AIDS SASKATOON 8646 FED - 1-877-900-2437 (#’s ap-
89 Dawson Rd, Unit 113, Guelph, N1H M4X 1K9  1143 Ave F N, Saskatoon, SK, S7L 1X1306- proved by institutions and are NOT
QUEBEC 416-205-9888
3X2 1-800-282-4505; 519-763-2255 242-5005 1-800-667-6876 Collect Calls)
CACTUS (Collect) HIV & AIDS LEGAL CLINIC OF CENTRAL ALBERTA AIDS NET- POSITIVE WOMEN’S NET-
Accept collect calls AIDS COMMITTEE of NORTH ON. (HALCO) WORK SOCIETY WORK
1300 rue Sanguinet, Montreal, H2X BAY and AREA Accept collect calls No collect calls 614-1033 Davie St, Vancouver, V6E
3E7 514-847-0067 Accept collect calls 65 Wellesley St E, Toronto, M4Y 4611 50th Ave, Red Deer, AB, T4N 1M7 Toll Free: 1-866-692-3001 (BC
CENTRE for AIDS SERVICES 201-269 Main St W, North Bay, P1B 1G7 1-888-705-8889 3Z9 403-346-8858 Only)

ABOUT PASAN STAFF CELL COUNT TEAM
PASAN is a community-based AIDS Service organiza- Outreach & Education Eveline Allen Sena Hussain
tion that strives to provide community development, Regional Prison In-Reach Coordinator Editor-in-chief
education and support to prisoners and ex-prisoners Prison Education Programs:  Eveline has worked at PASAN for 17 years, providing prisoners in
in Ontario ON HIV, Hepatitis C (HCV) and other harm PASAN conducts HIV prevention education programs in Toronto with harm reduction education, HIV & HCV prevention, Mooky Cherian
reduction issues. PASAN formed in 1991 as a grassroots many adult and youth institutions in the southern Ontario transmission and treatment information. If you are incarcerated Field Supervisor
region.  This program includes a Peer Educators Group, at the Toronto South Detention Centre (TSDC) or the Toronto East
response to HIV in the Canadian prison system. Today,
whereby ex-prisoners living with HIV are educators for Detention Centre (TEDC) and would like a harm reduction program Janet Rowe
PASAN is the only community-based organization in on your unit or a private one on one educational please call 1-866-
current prisoners.   Cell Count Supervisor
Canada exclusively providing HIV and HCV prevention, 224-9978 Ext. 238
PASAN conducts free training for those working with
education and support services to prisoners, ex-prisoners Simona Babiak Simona Babiak
prison-affected and drug using populations.  Training
and their families. Placement Student Editor & Contributor
topics include:
Kerrigan Beaver
Support Services ▪ HIV & Prison
Treatment Access Coordinator
▪ Harm Reduction Students from York University's Prisoners' Jus-
Individual Support Services: Kerrigan works with clients for pre & post release planning. It’s tice Course, supervised by Marcus Syrus Ware
▪ The Impact of Segregation
about reintegration back into their community. This includes con- & Jin Haritaworn:
▪ Individual support & counselling ▪ Stigma & Discrimination
necting clients up with healthcare, social and community supports.
▪ case management
▪ pre-release and post-release planning
Systemic Advocacy Mooky Cherian Victor Bruzzone
Program Manager Writer
▪ referrals  Since our beginnings in 1991, PASAN has always Zachary Grant
▪ advocacy for medical services  maintained a focus on systemic issues of HIV/AIDS and Federal Hep C Program Coordinator Charlene Grant
▪ housing supports prisons.   Some has been involved in many systemic Seth Clarke Writer
▪ phone support through collect calling  advocacy efforts including: ​Federal Community Development Coordinator
▪ emergency financial assistance (limited budget for fees ▪ Prison Needle Syringe Project (2014/15) Trevor Gray Kira Hogarth-Davis
related to identification and prison release.  Application ▪ Advocacy against the use of segregation Community Programs Coordinator Writer
▪ Presentation to the Canadian Human Rights Commis- Sena Hussain
requirements exist)
sion (2001) Communications and Resource Development Coordinator Shelby Kennedy
▪ Advocacy for male-to-female transsexual/transgendered Sena is the new editor of Cell Count, and looks forward to getting Writer
Community Support Services: the newspaper out to you more regularly again!
prisoners and HIV (1999)
PASAN also provides support AIDS Service Organizations Lindsay Jennings
▪ Presentation to the Presidential Advisory Council on Gin Marshall
and community groups across Ontario.  This includes:  Provincial HepC Program Coordinator
HIV/AIDS in Washington DC (1998) Writer & Subscriptions Entry
▪ resources & educational materials Janet Rowe
▪ Presentation to the Parliamentary Subcommittee on
▪ training Executive Director Zina Mustafa
AIDS (1996)
▪ assistance to set up prison outreach and support Cherisa Shivcharran
▪ HIV/AIDS in Youth Custody Settings: A Comprehensive Resources & Copy Editor
projects Provincial Community Development Coordinator
Strategy (1996) Keisha Williams
▪ strategies to develop referral “hubs” for HIV positive ▪ Organization of the first National Workshop on HIV/ Contributors: Marcel Allary, Elora Bruns, Tim
Women’s Community Program Coordinator Carter, Pete Collins, Wally Katigakyok, Kyle
prisoners AIDS in Prison (1995).  At work, she enjoys supporting Women and Trans people to make King, Naresh Jolly, Jason Van Oirschot, Kris
▪ networking for the development of a continuum of care ▪ HIV/AIDS in Prison Systems: A Comprehensive Strate- informed choices (in other words ‘have all the facts’) about their Olson, Nick Paccione, Jessy Rose, & Daniel
for prisoners transferred between regions  gy (1992) health and wellness and likes finding creative ways to make it fun! Robert Smith