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Barotac Nuevo National Comprehensive High School

2019 Math Challenge • Grade 8


............... Name: Section: Score:
................Instruction: Write your answer on the space before each item. Give all fractions and ratios in lowest terms and all
expressions in expanded form. If there is more than one answer, write all of them. ....................................
1. If the degree measures of the angles of a triangle are in the ratio 1 : 3 : 5, what is the degree measure of
the largest angle of the triangle?
2. Determine bπc where bxc denotes the floor function of x.
πr2 2πr
3. Perform the indicated operation and simplify: 2 2
÷
πR − πr R+r
4. The difference between the roots of the quadratic equation x2 − 12x + q = 0 is 2. Find q.
5. How much water must be evaporated from 150 mL of a 4% salt solution to leave a solution that is 6%
salt?
6. Evaluate 102 − 92 + 82 − 72 + 62 − 52 + 42 − 32 + 22 − 12 using algebraic method.
7. The term of a sequence are defined by an = 3an−1 − an−2 for n > 2. What is the value of a7 if a1 = 4
and a2 = 3?
8. Find the two consecutive numbers such that 3/4 of the larger number exceeds 1/2 of the smaller number
by 5.

9. Between which two integers does 2019 lie?
−1
x2 − 3x + 2
 2
x −x−6
10. Perform the indicated operation and simplify: 2 ÷
x − 2x − 3 x2 − 4
√ √ √
11. Arrange in ascending order of magnitude: 3, 3 6, 4 7
12. If S is the set of perfect squares less than 100 and C is the set of perfect cubes less than 100, what is
S ∩ C?
13. Let U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} be the universal set. Let A = {2, 3} and B = {1, 3, 4}. If B 0 is the notation used
for the complement of B, what is A ∪ B 0 ?
14. In solving a problem that reduces to a quadratic equation, one student makes a mistake only in the
constant term of the equation and obtains −1 and 4. Another student makes a mistake only in the
coefficient of the first degree term and finds 2 and −3. What is the correct equation?
y x

x y
15. Assuming xy 6= 0 and x + y 6= 0, simplify the complex fraction .
1 1
+
x y
16. Suppose r and s are the roots of the equation x2 − 3x + 1 = 0. Find r3 + s3 .
17. In a certain sequence, the first term is 1 and each successive term is 1 more than the reciprocal of the
term that immediately precedes it. What is the fifth term of the sequence?
18. A, B, C, D, E are 5 consecutive integers. If B + C + D = 63, what is A + B + C + D + E?
√ 
19. Find the smallest integer n such that n 101 − 10 > 1.
20. The product of two numbers m and n is twice the sum of the numbers. What is the reciprocal of m and
n?
21. Factor 24x2 + 26x − 15 in the form (ax + b) (cx + d), and find the value of a + b + c + d.
22. In figure 1, AE⊥EB, AD⊥DC and BD = BC. What is the value of x?
23. In figure 2, a circle is inscribed within a square having a perimeter of 32. Find, in terms of π, the area
of the shaded region.

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................................Figure 1 ..................................................................... Figure 2

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a+b
24. Suppose a is positive and b is one-fourth of a. What is the value of √ ?
ab
25. Find the measure, in degrees, of the smaller angle formed by the hour hand and minute hand of a clock
at 6 : 42.
1
26. Write, in interval notation, the solution set of the inequality > 1.
x
1 1 1 1 1
27. The sum + + +···+ + can be expressed as n/m, a fraction in its simplest
1·2 2·3 3·4 98 · 99 99 · 100
form. Find m + n.
28. In an arithmetic sequence an , a8 = 5 and a11 = 20. What is a100 ?
29. If f (x) is a linear function where f (2) = 5 and f (−1) = 2, what is f (−3)?
30. Jill is 5 times as old as Jack. Ten years from now, Jill will be at least 3 times as old as Jack will be then.
At least how old is Jill now?
31. The six grade 8 students on a team shake hands with one another before a game. How many handshakes
are there in all?
p √
32. What is the domain of f (x) = 2 − x − 2 in interval notation?

33. What is the range of f (x) = −x + 1 + 5 in interval notation?

34. How many roots does the equation x + 6 = −x have?
p √ p √
35. Simplify 7 + 4 3 − 7 − 4 3.
36. The ratio of the tens digit to the units digit of a two digit number is 3 : 4. The number that results when
the digits are reversed is 18 more than the original number. Find the original number.
1
37. Simplify: 1 −
1
1+
1
1−
x
38. The sum of interior angles of any polygon with n sides is (n − 2) 180◦ . If the sum of the interior angles of
polygon P is three times the sum of the interior angles of quadrilateral Q, how many sides does P have?
39. A man can do a job in h hours alone and his son can do it in 2h hours alone. Together, how many hours
will it take them to do the job?
40. Three consecutive terms of a geometric sequence are n − 2, n and n + 3. Find the common ratio.
41. Find the range of the data k + 2, k − 3, k + 4, k − 2, k − 5, k + 3, k − 1 and k + 6 where k is an integer.
42. If f (2x − 1) = x, what is f (2)?
√ √
2+x+ 2−x
43. Solve for x in the equation √ √ = 2.
2+x− 2−x
2x − 3
44. If f (x) = , find f −1 (−2).
x+1
2x + 4
45. Given f (x) = , determine g (x) if g (f (x)) = 2x.
2
r s r+s
46. Suppose q 6= 0, r 6= 0 and = = 2019. Find the value of .
q r q+r
47. What is the contrapositive of the statement “If P is true, then Q is true”?
48. A six-sided die has 2 blue faces, 1 red face and 3 yellow faces. If the die is rolled twice, what is the
probability that both rolls will result in a blue face?

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................................Figure 3 ........................................................................... Figure 4
49. The rectangle M N OP shown in figure 3 is partitioned into ten identical smaller rectangles, each of which
has x width. Find the perimeter of M N OP in terms of x?
50. How many triangles can be formed in figure 4?

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