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# DESIGN OF CABLE TRENCH

:

Design Data:

Depth of trench H = 1.5 m
Thickness of wall of trench t = 150 mm
Density of Concrete Yc = 25 KN/m3

Depth of Water table H1 = 5.4 m Refer geotechnical re
Dry density of soil Yd = 18 KN/m Refer geotechnical re
3

Submerged Unit weight of soil Ysat = 0 KN/m3
Density of Water Yw = 10 KN/m3
Surcharge Ws = 0 KN/m2
Angle of internal friction of soil f = 30 degreesRefer geotechnical re

Grade of Concrete fck = 25 Mpa
Grade of Steel fy = 415 Mpa

Clear cover to wall of cable trench Cc = 30 mm

Active Pressure Coefficient ,Ka =(1-Sinf)/(1+Sinf) = 0.333

Taking the wall as cantilever,

The Pressure of the soil at the bottom of wall of trench, p = 9.00 kN/m2

Factored Moment at the bottom of wall of trench, Mu = 5.06 kN-m

t= 150 mm

H1 = 5.4

+ +

H2 = 0

Wall Ka*Ws = Ka*Yd*H = Ka*Ysub*H2+Yw*H2=
0.00 9.00 0.00

Soil Pressure Diagram
Design of Wall:

Diameter of main bar = 10 mm
Assumed width of the section for design = 1000 mm

Effective depth = 115 mm

Mu,lim = 45.55075 kN-m IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b
The section is singly reinforced

Ast,Reqd .= 124.2 mm2 IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b
Min.Ast = 180 mm2 IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1
Spacing reqd. = 436.33 mm (Taking maximum of above values)
Spacing provided = 100 mm
Maximum spacing = 300 mm Hence o.k. IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(

Provide Y 10 mm @ 100 mm c/c at the middle of the section in vertical direction.
Ast,prov = 785.40 mm2
Pt, provided = 0.68 %

Temperature and Shrinkage renforcement:

Diameter of bar = 8 mm
Effective depth = 106 mm

Min.Ast = 180 mm2 IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1
Spacing reqd. = 279.25 mm
Spacing provided = 200 mm
Maximum spacing = 450 mm Hence o.k. IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(
Provide Y 8 mm @ 200 mm c/c at the middle of the section in horizontal direction.

Check for shear at critical section:
Maximum shear stress at the base ,Vu = 10.13 kN
Shear stress tv =Vu/(b*d) 0.088 N/mm2
For Pt =0.68, M 25
tc = 0.55 N/mm2 …….SP 34 - Clause 39
tv < tc hence O.K.

Design of base slab:

Depth of water table for the design of base slab Dw = 1.5 m
Thickness of base slab Tb = 150 mm
Width of trench Wt = 1250 mm
Assumed length of base slab for design L = 1000 mm

Check for Floatation:
Factor of safety against floatation = 1.2 IS 3370 (Part 1):2009 -
Clause 7.2(b)
Uplift pressure at the base of the base slab ,U =Yw*(H-Dw+T = 1.5 kN/m2
Area of the base slab =Wt*L = 1.25 m2
Total upward force = 1.875 kN

Weight of base slab = Yc*Wt*L*Tb = 4.6875 kN
Weight of wall =Yc*H*t*L = 5.625 kN
Total dowanward force = 15.938 kN

Factor of Safety against floatation = 8.5 > 1.2
Hence o.k.

Net Pressure at the bottom of the slab ,U-Yc*Tb = = -2.25 kN/m2

The walls will act as a fixed with the base slab,

Maximum factored moment at the support = -0.44 kN-m
Diameter of main bar = 8 mm
Effective depth = 116 mm

Mu,lim = 46.35 kN-m IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b
The section is singly reinforced

Ast,Reqd .= -10.5 mm2 IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b
Min.Ast = 180 mm2 IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1
Spacing reqd. = 279.25 mm (Taking maximum of above values)
Spacing provided = 200 mm
Maximum spacing = 300 mm Hence o.k. IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(
Provide 8 mm @ 200 mm c/c at the middle of the section in base slab
Ast,prov = 251.33 mm2
Pt, provided = 0.22 %

Temperature and Shrinkage renforcement:

Diameter of bar = 8 mm
Effective depth = 116 mm

Min.Ast = 180 mm2 IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1
Spacing reqd. = 279.25 mm
Spacing provided = 200 mm
Maximum spacing = 450 mm Hence o.k. IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(
Provide Y 8 mm @ 200 mm c/c at the middle of the section in base slab
Refer geotechnical report
Refer geotechnical report

Refer geotechnical report

Ka*Ysub*H2+Yw*H2=
IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b)

IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b)
IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1

IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(b)

in vertical direction.

IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1

IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(b)
in horizontal direction.

…….SP 34 - Clause 39.1.1
IS 3370 (Part 1):2009 -
Clause 7.2(b)

IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b)

IS 456 -Annex G-1.1(b)
IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1

IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(b)

IS 456 -clause 26.5.2.1

IS 456- Clause 26.3.3(b)
CHECK FOR CRACK WIDTH

IS 3370 (part-II) 2009
B-1

where,
wcr = design surface crack width.
acr = distance from the point considered to the surface of the
nearest longitudinal bar.
Єm = average strain at the level where the cracking is being
considered.
D = Overall depth of the members.
x = Depth of neutral axis.

D = 150 mm
scbc = 8.5 MPa IS 456-Table 21
m = 10.9804
Ast = 785.4 mm2
d = 120 mm
M = 19.48 kN-m
Cmin = 25 mm

bx2/2 = mAst(d-x)
1000*x^2/2 = 10.98*785.4*(120-x)
500 x2 + 8624 x- 1034880 = 0
Depth of neutral axis,x = 37.68 mm.
acr = Sqrt((S/2)^2 + dc^2)-db/2
where,
S = Spacing of bars. = 100 mm
dc = effective cover. = 30 mm
db = bar diameter. = 10 mm
acr = Sqrt((100/2)^2+(30^2)-10/2
= 53.31 mm
Єm = Є1 - Є2

where,
Єm = average strain at the level where cracking is being considered.
Є1 = Strain at the level considered.
Є2 = strain due to stiffening effect of concrete between cracking.
Є1 = (fst/Es)*((D-x)/(d-x))
where,
fst =tensile stress in the reinforcement.
Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel (2*10^5N/mm2)
d = effective depth.
fst = mM(d-x)/Icr
Icr = bx3/3 + mAst(d-x)2
= 76273714 mm4

fst = 230.85 N/mm2

Є1 = 0.00157 IS 3370 (part-II) 2009
For a limiting design surface crack width of 0.2mm B-1
Є2 = (bt(D-x)(a'-x))/(3EsAs(d-x))

= 0.00033
Єm = Є1 - Є2 = 0.00157 - 0.00033 = 0.00125

Wcr = (3*53.31*0.00125)/(1+(2*(53.31-25))/(150-37.68))
= 0.1329121 < 0.2
ok
S 3370 (part-II) 2009

S 456-Table 21
S 3370 (part-II) 2009