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SPECIFICATION

D51 1485 / - - G

ADHESIVE

PEELING AT A RIGHT ANGLE

Normalisation Renault Automobiles


DMI / Service 65810
Norms and Specification Section
RENAULT D51 1485 / - - G

This document forms a whole; its components must not be separated.

© RENAULT 2007.
Reproduction prohibited without the agreement of service publisher.
Communication prohibited without the agreement of Renault.

FIRST ISSUE

February 1973 ---

REVISIONS

June 1997 - - D Complete re-melting.


Cancel the 1175 trial method.
Fusion of the 1175 and 1485 trial methods in a single trial method
D51 1485.
Change in numbering: Addition of the D51 grading to the old number.
This issue originates from the project NC 95 120 / - - E.
September 1997 - - E Modifications of paragraphs 3.4., 3.5. and 8.
This issue originates from the project NC 97 502 / - - -.
July 2002 - - F Complete re-melting.
Removal of the preface.
This issue originates from the project 2002 0264 / - - -.
December 2007 - - G Editorial change
This issue originates from the project NC 2007 0900/ - - -.

REFERENCED DOCUMENTS

Test procedures : 39-09-539.

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CONTENTS

Page

1. SCOPE 4

2. PRINCIPLE 4

3. TEST FACILITY ERREUR ! SIGNET NON DEF

4. PREPARATION OF THE TEST-TUBES 5

5. OPERATING CONDITIONS 5

6. STATEMENT OF RESULTS ERREUR ! SIGNET NON DEF

7. TEST REPORT ERREUR ! SIGNET NON DEF

ANNEX 1 EXAMPLE OF A MOUNTING FOR PEELING AT A RIGHT ANGLE (3.2.) 7

ANNEX 2 8

ANNEX 3 9

ANNEX 4 10

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1. SCOPE

The purpose of this procedure is to evaluate the peeling cohesion and to characterize the link between
a rigid support and a flexible tablecloth.

2. PRINCIPLE

The purpose of this test is to measure the force required to cause a peeling unsticking under a 90°
angle of a flexible support (adhesive band, film, double-sided adhesive, ...) applied on a rigid support.

3. TEST FACILITY

3.1. TENSILE TESTING MACHINE without inertia whose sensibility range must be able to
measure forces ranging from 1 N to 1 000 N. The moving lower bit must be adapted to the
mounting for peeling at a right angle described in paragraph 3.2.and the upper bit must
enable to tighten the extremity of the adhesive band. The speed of the moving bit is
adjusted, except for particular prescriptions at 100 mm/min ± 1 mm/min. The machine must
be equipped with a recorder providing the evolution of the force in step with the movement of
the moving bit.

3.2. MOUNTING for peeling at a right angle, conform to annex 1 and enabling, by the subjection
of the test-tube movement to that of the moving bit, to maintain a peeling angle of close to
that of 90°.

NOTE : The peeling device at a right angle described in the current method does not ensure the
consistency of this angle while the flexible tablecloth sustains a notable extension under
the force required for the unsticking (case of the double-side, very flexible films). In this
case, it is recommended to strengthen the flexible tablecloth with an adhesive band, a strip
iron (aluminum or any other support that does not get stretched (3.5.)).

3.3. AIR-CONDITIONED ROOM at 23 °C ± 2 °C and 50 % ± 5 % of relative humidity.

3.4. SUPPORT of a length of 190 mm and of a width which is compatible with the peeling
mounting and having a minimum thickness of 0,9 mm in a material that represents the actual
support (painted plastic sheet, ...).

3.5. ADHESIVE BAND armed or not, aluminum strip iron, or any other flexible material that does
not get stretched at the time of traction.

3.6. CUTTING TOOL.

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3.7. DEVICE TO PUT UNDER PRESSURE

3.7.1. For a static pressure

a Sheet of 190 mm length and width being that of the test-tube of uniform thickness which
should be between 3 mm and 6 mm, cut in a cavity-like semi-flexible material, such as spongy
rubber, expanded polychloride vinyl or polyurethane foam whose bearing pressure P50 is
close to 200 N/dm2.

b Device allowing to apply accosting pressure recommended by the supplier on the test-
tube.

3.7.2. Application of pressure through a castor (for double-sided adhesive), or as per


39.09.539 procedure.

3.7.3. Passing through of a felt or plastic scraper as per the recommendation of the supplier
(for film, label, stripping, ...)

3.8. RULER graduated in mm

4. PREPARATION OF THE TEST-TUBES

Cut, with the help of the cutting tool (3.6.), three strips of 250 mm ±1 mm length x 25 mm ±1 mm width
in a test material (in the case of a product delivered in a roller the width will be that of the roller) for
each type of test while respecting the following conditions:

- if necessary take out the protection sheet of the adhesive,

- accost the strip on the rigid support,

- for materials that get stretched, apply the adhesive strip (3.5.) to avoid the stretching during the
tensile test, (see annex 2)

- apply the pressure as per the case :

a - static pressure. Immediately apply a pressure recommended by the supplier with the help of
the device (3.7.1.b) (except for any specific stipulations of the prescriptive documents) during
the length recommended by the supplier after having inserted the sheet between the surface
of the test-tube and the device to put under pressure (3.7.1.a) in order to get an uniform
distribution of the pressure,

b - by passing through a castor (3.7.2.) see pose procedure 39-09-539,

c - by passing through a scraper (3.7.3.) for labels, films, strippings, ... as per recommendations
of the supplier,

- in each of the strip for testing, draw 2 reference lines with the help of the ruler (3.8.,) one at 25
mm from the end of the test-tube, the second at 140mm from the 1st reference line (see annex 3
figure 3).

5. OPERATING CONDITIONS

After a 22-hour rest of in the air-conditioned room (3.3.) or after having sustained one of the ageings
possibly stipulated in the prescriptive documents.

- Insert the support sheet (3.4.) with the accosted strips in the mounting (3.2.) as shown in annex 1.

- Unstick part of the strip without exceeding the 2nd reference line and fix the extremity in the
upper bit till the limit of the unstuck zone is in the axis of the bit.

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- Bring down the lower bit until the strip is subjected to a slight tension.

- Fix the control cord to the support sheet.

- Start the machine at a speed of 100 mm/min ± 1 mm/min, record the peeling force "F" in newtons
in relation to the movement of the moving bit.

6. STATEMENT OF RESULTS

For each of the test-tubes, specify the average peeling force in newtons for a length of 100mm after
eliminating the movement force portion of the curve (movement on the x-axis and the force on the y-
axis) corresponding to first-peeled 25 mm :

- either after smoothing out of the curve,

- or by graphically trying to balance (see annex 3) on either side of a parallel to the x-axis, the
protruding and retracting surfaces.

The intersection of this parallel with the y-axis allows to obtain the average value of the peeling force.

Calculate the average values of the forces specified this way on the 3 test-tubes.

The results are given by the average peeling force expressed in newtons by centimeter of width of the
product.

Note the type of breaking obtained by refering to annex 4.

7. TEST REPORT

Other than the results obtained, the test report must indicate :

- the reference of the current method,

- the complete references of the tested product, its presentation and the name of the supplier,

- the type of supports used,

- the conditions of accosting (pressure, length, means of putting under pressure),

- the cooking temperature of the test-tubes,

- the length of drying and that of the conditioning of the test-tubes before the test,

- the type of ageing sustained by the test-tubes,

- the non-anticipated operating details in the method as well as the possible incidents that are likely
to modify the results.

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ANNEX 1
EXAMPLE OF MOUNTING FOR PEELING AT A RIGHT ANGLE (3.2.)

Bâti de la machine

Mors supérieur
Cordon d'asservissement
Galets

Eprouvette
Poulie folle
Mors inférieur

AXIAL CUT TO THE LOWER BIT

Galets

Eprouvette

LOWER BIT

Poulie folle

Lame ressort

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Bati de la machine Frame of the machine

Cordon d’asservissement Control cord

Mors superieur Upper bit

galets Rollers

Poulie folle Loose pulley

eprouvette Test-tube

Mors inferieur Lower bit

Galets Rollers

Eprouvette Test-tube

Poulie folle Loose pulley

Lame ressort Spring blade

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ANNEX 2

Figure 1 - Case of double-sided adhesives

Support souple

Adhésif double face


Support rigide

Figure 2 - Case of films, labels

Eprouvette à tester

Support rigide

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Support souple Flexible support

Adhesif double face Double-sided adhesive

Support rigide Rigid support

Eprouvette a tester Test-tube

Support rigide Rigid support

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ANNEX 3

Figure 3 – Test-tube

190

140 25

25

90

25

2eme trait repère 1er trait repère

EXAMPLE OF A CURVE OBTAINED AND THE GRAPHIC EVALUATION OF THE AVERAGE PEELING
FORCE

Effort de pelage

Fm

Déplacement du mors mobile


(longueur décollée)
0
25 100

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2eme trait repere 2nd reference line

1 er trait repere 1st reference line

Effort de pelage Peeling force

Fm Fm

Deplacement du mors mobile (longueur decollee) Movement of the moving bit (length of unsticking)

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ANNEXE 4
FEATURES OF BREAKING AND DESIGNATION

RS

Breaking of either of the two supports

RSD

Breaking of one of the supports by delamination

RAR

Breaking by tearing out of the surface of one of the supports

RC

Cohesive breaking

F
RCP
F

Cohesive breaking with peeling

RCS

Superficial cohesive peeling

RA

Adhesive breaking

NOTE : When many types of breakings take place, the surface value in percentage of each type of
breaking must follow the corresponding designation.

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