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14.10.2010
DATE
R0
REV. NO.
First Issue
DESCRIPTION REVISIONS
SDC SIVEN P
SKL
Designed Checked Approved
AREVA T & D
CLIENT :
MSETCL
SS1B/SS2B PACAKAGE
PROJECT :
220/132/33KV SUBSTATION JOB No. 5257PN902/903
TOTAL NO. OF PAGES NAME DSGN CHKD APPD DOC. No. SIGN DATE
31.05.10 01.06.10 07.06.10
TITLE :
SDC SIVEN P SKL 5 2 5 7
Design of Circular Water Sump (Circular type)
REV.
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A 1
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RELEASED FOR
PRELIMINARY
TENDER
INFORMATION
P
APPROVAL
CONSTRUCTION
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT TITLE
400/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Nawada ( FARIDABAD) Design of Circular Water Sump (Circular type)
DOCUMENT NO.
5257PN088NWDCSYDCAL0715
DATE 14.10.2010 APP SKL CHKD ASL
DES SKL
Calculation Total Depth of the Sump ` Maximum oil in largest unit Density of Oil Volume of oil Add 25% of total oil to account Rain water Add 25% of total oil towards fire fighting water Net Capacity of the sump required Provide a circular sump of diameter (Internal) Elevation of Bottom of pipe at the entry of sump (h1) Net Depth required to store entire Oil (h2) = = = = = = = = = 0.79 x = Total depth of the sump from FGL = h1 = = Say 2.07 m + 2.5 + 4.57 m 6.1 m h2 2.07 50 MT 1 50 Cum 25% x 25% x 50 + 6.8 m 2.5 m 75 6.8 x 50 = 50 = 12.5 + 12.5 Cum 12.5 Cum 12.5 = 75 Cum
6.8
Cap(m3)Dia 20 25 30 40 50
Top Wall Raft Slab Total clear Roundu thickn Thickn Thickn Area Ht req FB ht p es ess ess Hoop Bars 4 12.57 1.59 0.15 1.74 1.75 0.15 0.15 0.15 4 12.57 1.99 0.15 2.14 2.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 4 12.57 2.39 0.15 2.54 2.54 0.2 0.2 0.2 5 19.63 2.04 0.15 2.19 2.19 0.2 0.2 0.2 5 19.63 2.55 0.15 2.70 2.70 0.2 0.2 0.2
Vertical steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
SS1B & SS2B PACKAGE MSETCL Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP INPUT DATA 1) Diameter of well (D) 2) Density of soil, ϒ 3) Thickness of wall ( t ) at bottom 4) Angle of repose (φ) 5) Depth of well. (H) 6) Density of Oil 7) Density of Water 8) Internal radius of the well r 9) Maximum Permissible stress in direct Tension (Concrete) = = = = = 4 1.76 0.25 30 1.8 1.00 1.00 2 m t/m3 m ° m t/m3 t/m3 m As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1 As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1
= =
1.3 N/mm2 1.8 N/mm2 150 N/mm2 2.5 t/m3 M 25 N/mm2 Fe 415 N/mm2 9 N/mm2 10.37 0.38 0.87
10) Maximum Permissible stress in bending Tension (Concrete) 11) Maximum Permissible stress in steel (as per IS 3370) = 12) Unit weight of Concrete 13) Grade of concrete 14) Grade of reinforcement steel Design coefficient 15) Permissible bending stress in conc 16) Modular Ratio (m) 17) Nutral axis depth factor (k) 18) Lever arm ( j ) A Design of Wall =
A well lining should be design considering the well as a special case of a thick cylinder, the principle stresses developed are hoop stress & radial stress. Both hoop stress and radial stress developed in awell are principl stresses and compressive in nature. The hoop stresses devloped is the maximum and is twice the radial stress.Hence it is considered for the purpose of design. Wall of the tank with fixed base will be subjected to bending moments also in addition to hoop tension Moment shall be maximum at the base of the tank and for coefficient table 10 IS 3370 Asuume total thickness of the wall at the base Effective thickness of the wall = 150 mm 9 cm
As bending stress will reduce from bottom to top, thickness of the wall can be reduced as it moves up. provide thickness of wall from top to 2.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 2.01 to 4.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 4.01 to 6.1 m below FGL. H^2 Dx t = 3.06 4 x 0.15 = 5.1 = = = 150 mm 150 mm 150 mm
Max Bending Moment Refer Table 10 IS 3370 IV Max bending Moment
= k1 * k1
w * H^3 = 0.01
Kgm/m (at Baseof the tank)
= 0.01 x x = 42 Kgm/m
1000 x 5.36
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
SS1B & SS2B PACKAGE MSETCL Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
Max stress due to bending
=
6* M b x d^2 3.11 P Kg/sqcm
6 * 4200 100 x 81 < 18
=
=
O.K.
P
r r1
P
P Hoop stress , στmax = P*D*k2 2
for k2 refer table 9 of IS 3370 part IV When Tank is empty P shall be due to earth pressure P = 0.33 x = When Tank is Full and there is no Soil outside P = = = = = = Max direct tension in conc (T/thk) = 0.1 Kg/Cm2 (Density of Water is considered for calculation purpose) 1x 0.18 Kg/Cm2 0.18 Kg/Cm2 0.477 0.18 x 2 16.7 Kg/cm 16.7 9 1.86 Kg/sq.cm < 13 O.K. < 1 400 x 0.477 0 x 175.0
0
x
175
Maximum Pressure k2 for H^2/Dt of 14 Hoop tension (T) at Base
= Check for
Acutal direct tension Per. Direct tension 1.86 13 + 3.11 18
+ Actual bending stress per. Bending stress = 0.32 < 1
O.K.
Reinforcement Steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
SS1B & SS2B PACKAGE MSETCL Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
1) Area of hoop reinforcement
= =
At each face Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = 2) Vertical reinforcement steel Ast = B.M./(σst*j*d) Ast' = = Minimum Reinforcement required = = Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = B.
16.7 x 100 1500 1.2 Cm2/ meter (both faces) 60 mm2 230 2.18 mm of dia c/c cm2 > 8 mm 0.6 O.K.
420000 150 x 0.87 x 35.67 sq. mm
90
0.3% on both the faces and hence 0.15% on each face. 0.15 x 210 2.39 9 mm c/c of dia cm2 > = 1.35 cm2 per meter 8 mm 1.35 O.K. (On both the faces.)
Design of Base slab
Provide same thickness as of wall provide minimum reinforcement steel = = Area of steel required at each face Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = = 15 cm 0.24% on both faces 0.24 x 3.6 cm2 1.8 cm2 193 2.60 mm c/c of dia cm2 > 8 mm 1.8 O.K. (On both faces and bothways) 15 x 100 100
B.
Design of Roof slab
Assume thickness of roof slab Load Calculations 1) Self weght of slab 2) Plaster and finishes 3) Live Load = = = 2500 x 0.15 2400 x 0.015 Total Say Maximum Radial Moment = 1 x W x r^2 16 = = = 7.5 KN 375 36 350 761 Kgs Kgs Kgs Kgs = 15 cm
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
SS1B & SS2B PACKAGE MSETCL Design Of circular water Tank = Maximum Circumferential Moment = 2.37 KNm 2 x W x r^2 16 4.75 KNm sqrt(Mmax/R.b) 73.69 150 150 0.16 0.05 0.12 1.44 200 2.51 mm mm 25 5 =
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
= Depth of the slab required = = Provide total thickness of the slab Effective thickness of the slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided = = =
120 mm
cm2 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K.
Provide 8 mm dia r/f @ 200 mm c/c bothways at bottom of slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast = 0.33 0.09 0.12 1.44
cm2 = = = 1.63 from center 2.25  1.63 = 0.62  ### =
Radial moment will become zero at sqrt(2/3xRadius) OR from edge Hence Point of inflection from face of support
0.62 0.37 m
Distance upto which ve r/f shall be provided should be greater of the following 1) Development length (50 d) = 50 x 8 = 400 2) = ### + 150 = 517 3) ### + 96 = 463 Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided 200 2.51 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K. upto 750 mm from the face of support
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP INPUT DATA 1) Diameter of well (D) 2) Density of soil, ϒ 3) Thickness of wall ( t ) at bottom 4) Angle of repose (φ) 5) Depth of well. (H) 7) Density of Water 8) Internal radius of the well r 9) Maximum Permissible stress in direct Tension (Concrete) = = = = = = = 4 1.76 0.25 30 2.2 1.00 2 m t/m3 m ° m t/m3 m As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1 As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1
1.3 N/mm2 1.8 N/mm2 150 N/mm2 2.5 t/m3 M 25 N/mm2 Fe 415 N/mm2 9 N/mm2 10.37 0.38 0.87
10) Maximum Permissible stress in bending Tension (Concrete) 11) Maximum Permissible stress in steel (as per IS 3370) = 12) Unit weight of Concrete 13) Grade of concrete 14) Grade of reinforcement steel Design coefficient 15) Permissible bending stress in conc 16) Modular Ratio (m) 17) Nutral axis depth factor (k) 18) Lever arm ( j ) A Design of Wall =
A well lining should be design considering the well as a special case of a thick cylinder, the principle stresses developed are hoop stress & radial stress. Both hoop stress and radial stress developed in awell are principl stresses and compressive in nature. The hoop stresses devloped is the maximum and is twice the radial stress.Hence it is considered for the purpose of design. Wall of the tank with fixed base will be subjected to bending moments also in addition to hoop tension Moment shall be maximum at the base of the tank and for coefficient table 10 IS 3370 Asuume total thickness of the wall at the base Effective thickness of the wall = 150 mm 9 cm
As bending stress will reduce from bottom to top, thickness of the wall can be reduced as it moves up. provide thickness of wall from top to 2.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 2.01 to 4.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 4.01 to 6.1 m below FGL. H^2 Dx t = 4.84 4 x 0.15 = 8.07 = = = 150 mm 150 mm 150 mm
Max Bending Moment Refer Table 10 IS 3370 IV Max bending Moment
= k1 * k1
w * H^3 = 0.01
Kgm/m (at Baseof the tank)
= 0.01 x x = 156 Kgm/m = 6* M
1000 x 10.65
Max stress due to bending
6*
15600
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank b x d^2 = 11.56 P Kg/sqcm 100 x < 18 81 O.K.
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
P
r r1
P
P Hoop stress , στmax = P*D*k2 2
for k2 refer table 9 of IS 3370 part IV When Tank is empty P shall be due to earth pressure P = 0.33 x = When Tank is Full and there is no Soil outside P = = = = = = Max direct tension in conc (T/thk) = 0.13 Kg/Cm2 (Density of Water is considered for calculation purpose) 1x 0.22 Kg/Cm2 0.22 Kg/Cm2 0.575 0.22 x 2 25.3 Kg/cm 25.3 9 2.81 Kg/sq.cm < 13 O.K. < 1 400 x 0.575 0 x 220.0
0
x
220
Maximum Pressure k2 for H^2/Dt of 14 Hoop tension (T) at Base
= Check for
Acutal direct tension Per. Direct tension 2.81 13 + 11.56 18
+ Actual bending stress per. Bending stress = 0.86 < 1
O.K.
Reinforcement Steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
1) Area of hoop reinforcement
= =
At each face Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = 2) Vertical reinforcement steel Ast = B.M./(σst*j*d) Ast' = = Minimum Reinforcement required = = Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = B.
25.3 x 100 1500 1.7 Cm2/ meter (both faces) 85 mm2 230 2.18 mm of dia c/c cm2 > 8 mm 0.85 O.K.
1560000 150 x 0.87 x 132.5 sq. mm
90
0.3% on both the faces and hence 0.15% on each face. 0.15 x 210 2.39 9 mm c/c of dia cm2 > = 1.35 cm2 per meter 8 mm 1.35 O.K. (On both the faces.)
Design of Base slab
Provide same thickness as of wall provide minimum reinforcement steel = = Area of steel required at each face Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = = 15 cm 0.24% on both faces 0.24 x 3.6 cm2 1.8 cm2 193 2.60 mm c/c of dia cm2 > 8 mm 1.8 O.K. (On both faces and bothways) 15 x 100 100
B.
Design of Roof slab
Assume thickness of roof slab Load Calculations 1) Self weght of slab 2) Plaster and finishes 3) Live Load = = = 2500 x 0.15 2400 x 0.015 Total Say Maximum Radial Moment = 1 x W x r^2 16 2.37 KNm = = = 7.5 KN 375 36 350 761 Kgs Kgs Kgs Kgs = 15 cm
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank Maximum Circumferential Moment = 2 x W x r^2 16 4.75 KNm sqrt(Mmax/R.b) 73.69 150 150 0.16 0.05 0.12 1.44 200 2.51 mm mm 25 5 =
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
= Depth of the slab required = = Provide total thickness of the slab Effective thickness of the slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided = = =
120 mm
cm2 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K.
Provide 8 mm dia r/f @ 200 mm c/c bothways at bottom of slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast = 0.33 0.09 0.12 1.44
cm2 = = = 1.63 from center 2.25  1.63 = 0.62  ### =
Radial moment will become zero at sqrt(2/3xRadius) OR from edge Hence Point of inflection from face of support
0.62 0.37 m
Distance upto which ve r/f shall be provided should be greater of the following 1) Development length (50 d) = 50 x 8 = 400 2) = ### + 150 = 517 3) ### + 96 = 463 Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided 200 2.51 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K. upto 750 mm from the face of support
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP INPUT DATA 1) Diameter of well (D) 2) Density of soil, ϒ 3) Thickness of wall ( t ) at bottom 4) Angle of repose (φ) 5) Depth of well. (H) 7) Density of Water 8) Internal radius of the well r 9) Maximum Permissible stress in direct Tension (Concrete) = = = = = = = 4 1.76 0.25 30 2.6 1.00 2 m t/m3 m ° m t/m3 m As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1 As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1
1.3 N/mm2 1.8 N/mm2 150 N/mm2 2.5 t/m3 M 25 N/mm2 Fe 415 N/mm2 9 N/mm2 10.37 0.38 0.87
10) Maximum Permissible stress in bending Tension (Concrete) 11) Maximum Permissible stress in steel (as per IS 3370) = 12) Unit weight of Concrete 13) Grade of concrete 14) Grade of reinforcement steel Design coefficient 15) Permissible bending stress in conc 16) Modular Ratio (m) 17) Nutral axis depth factor (k) 18) Lever arm ( j ) A Design of Wall =
A well lining should be design considering the well as a special case of a thick cylinder, the principle stresses developed are hoop stress & radial stress. Both hoop stress and radial stress developed in awell are principl stresses and compressive in nature. The hoop stresses devloped is the maximum and is twice the radial stress.Hence it is considered for the purpose of design. Wall of the tank with fixed base will be subjected to bending moments also in addition to hoop tension Moment shall be maximum at the base of the tank and for coefficient table 10 IS 3370 Asuume total thickness of the wall at the base Effective thickness of the wall = 200 mm 14 cm
As bending stress will reduce from bottom to top, thickness of the wall can be reduced as it moves up. provide thickness of wall from top to 2.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 2.01 to 4.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 4.01 to 6.1 m below FGL. H^2 Dx t = 6.76 4 x 0.20 = 8.45 = = = 200 mm 200 mm 200 mm
Max Bending Moment Refer Table 10 IS 3370 IV Max bending Moment
= k1 * k1
w * H^3 = 0.01
Kgm/m (at Baseof the tank)
= 0.01 x x = 257 Kgm/m = 6* M
1000 x 17.58
Max stress due to bending
6*
25700
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank b x d^2 = 7.87 P Kg/sqcm 100 x < 18 196 O.K.
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
P
r r1
P
P Hoop stress , στmax = P*D*k2 2
for k2 refer table 9 of IS 3370 part IV When Tank is empty P shall be due to earth pressure P = 0.33 x = When Tank is Full and there is no Soil outside P = = = = = = Max direct tension in conc (T/thk) = 0.15 Kg/Cm2 (Density of Water is considered for calculation purpose) 1x 0.26 Kg/Cm2 0.26 Kg/Cm2 0.608 0.26 x 2 31.62 Kg/cm 31.62 14 2.26 Kg/sq.cm < 13 O.K. < 1 400 x 0.608 0 x 260.0
0
x
260
Maximum Pressure k2 for H^2/Dt of 14 Hoop tension (T) at Base
= Check for
Acutal direct tension Per. Direct tension 2.26 13 + 7.87 18
+ Actual bending stress per. Bending stress = 0.61 < 1
O.K.
Reinforcement Steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
1) Area of hoop reinforcement
= =
At each face Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = 2) Vertical reinforcement steel Ast = B.M./(σst*j*d) Ast' = = Minimum Reinforcement required = = Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = B.
31.62 x 100 1500 2.2 Cm2/ meter (both faces) 110 mm2 230 2.18 mm of dia c/c cm2 > 8 mm 1.1 O.K.
2570000 150 x 0.87 x ### sq. mm
140
0.3% on both the faces and hence 0.15% on each face. 0.15 x 210 2.39 14 mm c/c of dia cm2 > = 2.1 cm2 per meter 8 mm 2.1 O.K. (On both the faces.)
Design of Base slab
Provide same thickness as of wall provide minimum reinforcement steel = = Area of steel required at each face Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = = 20 cm 0.24% on both faces 0.24 x 4.8 cm2 2.4 cm2 193 2.60 mm c/c of dia cm2 > 8 mm 2.4 O.K. (On both faces and bothways) 20 x 100 100
B.
Design of Roof slab
Assume thickness of roof slab Load Calculations 1) Self weght of slab 2) Plaster and finishes 3) Live Load = = = 2500 x 0.15 2400 x 0.015 Total Say Maximum Radial Moment = 1 x W x r^2 16 2.37 KNm = = = 7.5 KN 375 36 350 761 Kgs Kgs Kgs Kgs = 15 cm
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank Maximum Circumferential Moment = 2 x W x r^2 16 4.75 KNm sqrt(Mmax/R.b) 73.69 150 150 0.16 0.05 0.12 1.44 200 2.51 mm mm 25 5 =
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
= Depth of the slab required = = Provide total thickness of the slab Effective thickness of the slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided = = =
120 mm
cm2 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K.
Provide 8 mm dia r/f @ 200 mm c/c bothways at bottom of slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast = 0.33 0.09 0.12 1.44
cm2 = = = 1.63 from center 2.25  1.63 = 0.62  ### =
Radial moment will become zero at sqrt(2/3xRadius) OR from edge Hence Point of inflection from face of support
0.62 0.37 m
Distance upto which ve r/f shall be provided should be greater of the following 1) Development length (50 d) = 50 x 8 = 400 2) = ### + 150 = 517 3) ### + 96 = 463 Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided 200 2.51 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K. upto 750 mm from the face of support
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP INPUT DATA 1) Diameter of well (D) 2) Density of soil, ϒ 3) Thickness of wall ( t ) at bottom 4) Angle of repose (φ) 5) Depth of well. (H) 7) Density of Water 8) Internal radius of the well r 9) Maximum Permissible stress in direct Tension (Concrete) = = = = = = = 5 1.76 0.25 30 2.2 1.00 2.5 m t/m3 m ° m t/m3 m As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1 As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1
1.3 N/mm2 1.8 N/mm2 150 N/mm2 2.5 t/m3 M 25 N/mm2 Fe 415 N/mm2 9 N/mm2 10.37 0.38 0.87
10) Maximum Permissible stress in bending Tension (Concrete) 11) Maximum Permissible stress in steel (as per IS 3370) = 12) Unit weight of Concrete 13) Grade of concrete 14) Grade of reinforcement steel Design coefficient 15) Permissible bending stress in conc 16) Modular Ratio (m) 17) Nutral axis depth factor (k) 18) Lever arm ( j ) A Design of Wall =
A well lining should be design considering the well as a special case of a thick cylinder, the principle stresses developed are hoop stress & radial stress. Both hoop stress and radial stress developed in awell are principl stresses and compressive in nature. The hoop stresses devloped is the maximum and is twice the radial stress.Hence it is considered for the purpose of design. Wall of the tank with fixed base will be subjected to bending moments also in addition to hoop tension Moment shall be maximum at the base of the tank and for coefficient table 10 IS 3370 Asuume total thickness of the wall at the base Effective thickness of the wall = 200 mm 14 cm
As bending stress will reduce from bottom to top, thickness of the wall can be reduced as it moves up. provide thickness of wall from top to 2.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 2.01 to 4.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 4.01 to 6.1 m below FGL. H^2 Dx t = 4.84 5 x 0.20 = 4.84 = = = 200 mm 200 mm 200 mm
Max Bending Moment Refer Table 10 IS 3370 IV Max bending Moment
= k1 * k1
w * H^3 = 0.02
Kgm/m (at Baseof the tank)
= 0.02 x x = 235 Kgm/m = 6* M
1000 x 10.65
Max stress due to bending
6*
23500
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank b x d^2 = 7.19 P Kg/sqcm 100 x < 18 196 O.K.
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
P
r r1
P
P Hoop stress , στmax = P*D*k2 2
for k2 refer table 9 of IS 3370 part IV When Tank is empty P shall be due to earth pressure P = 0.33 x = When Tank is Full and there is no Soil outside P = = = = = = Max direct tension in conc (T/thk) = 0.13 Kg/Cm2 (Density of Water is considered for calculation purpose) 1x 0.22 Kg/Cm2 0.22 Kg/Cm2 0.477 0.22 x 2 26.24 Kg/cm 26.24 14 1.87 Kg/sq.cm < 13 O.K. < 1 500 x 0.477 0 x 220.0
0
x
220
Maximum Pressure k2 for H^2/Dt of 14 Hoop tension (T) at Base
= Check for
Acutal direct tension Per. Direct tension 1.87 13 + 7.19 18
+ Actual bending stress per. Bending stress = 0.54 < 1
O.K.
Reinforcement Steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
1) Area of hoop reinforcement
= =
At each face Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = 2) Vertical reinforcement steel Ast = B.M./(σst*j*d) Ast' = = Minimum Reinforcement required = = Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = B.
26.24 x 100 1500 1.8 Cm2/ meter (both faces) 90 mm2 230 2.18 mm of dia c/c cm2 > 8 mm 0.9 O.K.
2350000 150 x 0.87 x ### sq. mm
140
0.3% on both the faces and hence 0.15% on each face. 0.15 x 210 2.39 14 mm c/c of dia cm2 > = 2.1 cm2 per meter 8 mm 2.1 O.K. (On both the faces.)
Design of Base slab
Provide same thickness as of wall provide minimum reinforcement steel = = Area of steel required at each face Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = = 20 cm 0.24% on both faces 0.24 x 4.8 cm2 2.4 cm2 193 2.60 mm c/c of dia cm2 > 8 mm 2.4 O.K. (On both faces and bothways) 20 x 100 100
B.
Design of Roof slab
Assume thickness of roof slab Load Calculations 1) Self weght of slab 2) Plaster and finishes 3) Live Load = = = 2500 x 0.15 2400 x 0.015 Total Say Maximum Radial Moment = 1 x W x r^2 16 3.54 KNm = = = 7.5 KN 375 36 350 761 Kgs Kgs Kgs Kgs = 15 cm
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank Maximum Circumferential Moment = 2 x W x r^2 16 7.09 KNm sqrt(Mmax/R.b) 90.07 150 150 0.25 0.07 0.12 1.44 200 2.51 mm mm 25 5 =
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
= Depth of the slab required = = Provide total thickness of the slab Effective thickness of the slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided = = =
120 mm
cm2 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K.
Provide 8 mm dia r/f @ 200 mm c/c bothways at bottom of slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast = 0.49 0.14 0.12 1.68
cm2 = = = 2.04 from center 2.75  2.04 = 0.71  ### =
Radial moment will become zero at sqrt(2/3xRadius) OR from edge Hence Point of inflection from face of support
0.71 0.46 m
Distance upto which ve r/f shall be provided should be greater of the following 1) Development length (50 d) = 50 x 8 = 400 2) = ### + 150 = 609 3) ### + 96 = 555 Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided 200 2.51 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.68 O.K. upto 750 mm from the face of support
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
DESIGN OF CIRCULAR SUMP INPUT DATA 1) Diameter of well (D) 2) Density of soil, ϒ 3) Thickness of wall ( t ) at bottom 4) Angle of repose (φ) 5) Depth of well. (H) 7) Density of Water 8) Internal radius of the well r 9) Maximum Permissible stress in direct Tension (Concrete) = = = = = = = 5 1.76 0.25 30 2.7 1.00 2.5 m t/m3 m ° m t/m3 m As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1 As per IS 3370 table 1 clause 3.3.1
1.3 N/mm2 1.8 N/mm2 150 N/mm2 2.5 t/m3 M 25 N/mm2 Fe 415 N/mm2 9 N/mm2 10.37 0.38 0.87
10) Maximum Permissible stress in bending Tension (Concrete) 11) Maximum Permissible stress in steel (as per IS 3370) = 12) Unit weight of Concrete 13) Grade of concrete 14) Grade of reinforcement steel Design coefficient 15) Permissible bending stress in conc 16) Modular Ratio (m) 17) Nutral axis depth factor (k) 18) Lever arm ( j ) A Design of Wall =
A well lining should be design considering the well as a special case of a thick cylinder, the principle stresses developed are hoop stress & radial stress. Both hoop stress and radial stress developed in awell are principl stresses and compressive in nature. The hoop stresses devloped is the maximum and is twice the radial stress.Hence it is considered for the purpose of design. Wall of the tank with fixed base will be subjected to bending moments also in addition to hoop tension Moment shall be maximum at the base of the tank and for coefficient table 10 IS 3370 Asuume total thickness of the wall at the base Effective thickness of the wall = 200 mm 14 cm
As bending stress will reduce from bottom to top, thickness of the wall can be reduced as it moves up. provide thickness of wall from top to 2.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 2.01 to 4.0 m below FGL. provide thickness of wall from 4.01 to 6.1 m below FGL. H^2 Dx t = 7.29 5 x 0.20 = 7.29 = = = 200 mm 200 mm 200 mm
Max Bending Moment Refer Table 10 IS 3370 IV Max bending Moment
= k1 * k1
w * H^3 = 0.02
Kgm/m (at Baseof the tank)
= 0.02 x x = 369 Kgm/m = 6* M
1000 x 19.68
Max stress due to bending
6*
36900
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank b x d^2 = 11.3 P Kg/sqcm 100 x < 18 196 O.K.
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
P
r r1
P
P Hoop stress , στmax = P*D*k2 2
for k2 refer table 9 of IS 3370 part IV When Tank is empty P shall be due to earth pressure P = 0.33 x = When Tank is Full and there is no Soil outside P = = = = = = Max direct tension in conc (T/thk) = 0.16 Kg/Cm2 (Density of Water is considered for calculation purpose) 1x 0.27 Kg/Cm2 0.27 Kg/Cm2 0.575 0.27 x 2 38.81 Kg/cm 38.81 14 2.77 Kg/sq.cm < 13 O.K. < 1 500 x 0.575 0 x 270.0
0
x
270
Maximum Pressure k2 for H^2/Dt of 14 Hoop tension (T) at Base
= Check for
Acutal direct tension Per. Direct tension 2.77 13 + 11.3 18
+ Actual bending stress per. Bending stress = 0.84 < 1
O.K.
Reinforcement Steel
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
1) Area of hoop reinforcement
= =
At each face Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = 2) Vertical reinforcement steel Ast = B.M./(σst*j*d) Ast' = = Minimum Reinforcement required = = Provide reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = B.
38.81 x 100 1500 2.6 Cm2/ meter (both faces) 130 mm2 230 2.18 mm of dia c/c cm2 > 8 mm 1.3 O.K.
3690000 150 x 0.87 x ### sq. mm
140
0.3% on both the faces and hence 0.15% on each face. 0.15 x 210 2.39 14 mm c/c of dia cm2 > = 2.1 cm2 per meter 8 mm 2.1 O.K. (On both the faces.)
Design of Base slab
Provide same thickness as of wall provide minimum reinforcement steel = = Area of steel required at each face Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Actual area of steel provided = = 20 cm 0.24% on both faces 0.24 x 4.8 cm2 2.4 cm2 193 2.60 mm c/c of dia cm2 > 8 mm 2.4 O.K. (On both faces and bothways) 20 x 100 100
B.
Design of Roof slab
Assume thickness of roof slab Load Calculations 1) Self weght of slab 2) Plaster and finishes 3) Live Load = = = 2500 x 0.15 2400 x 0.015 Total Say Maximum Radial Moment = 1 x W x r^2 16 3.54 KNm = = = 7.5 KN 375 36 350 761 Kgs Kgs Kgs Kgs = 15 cm
=
AREVA T& D INDIA LIMITED
PROJECT
/220/132 KV SUBSTATION, Pimpalgaon (Nashik) Design Of circular water Tank Maximum Circumferential Moment = 2 x W x r^2 16 7.09 KNm sqrt(Mmax/R.b) 90.07 150 150 0.25 0.07 0.12 1.44 200 2.51 mm mm 25 5 =
DOCUMENT NO.
DATE 10/14/2010
TITLE
DESIGNED SDC
CHECKED SIVEN P
APPROVED SKL
= Depth of the slab required = = Provide total thickness of the slab Effective thickness of the slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided = = =
120 mm
cm2 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.44 O.K.
Provide 8 mm dia r/f @ 200 mm c/c bothways at bottom of slab Mu/bd2 (Radial) Corrseponding % of steel (pt) = Minimum % of steel pt,min Area of steel required Ast = 0.49 0.14 0.12 1.68
cm2 = = = 2.04 from center 2.75  2.04 = 0.71  ### =
Radial moment will become zero at sqrt(2/3xRadius) OR from edge Hence Point of inflection from face of support
0.71 0.46 m
Distance upto which ve r/f shall be provided should be greater of the following 1) Development length (50 d) = 50 x 8 = 400 2) = ### + 150 = 609 3) ### + 96 = 555 Provide bottom reinf. both way @ Area provided 200 2.51 mm c/c of dia 8 mm > 1.68 O.K. upto 750 mm from the face of support