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# PROBLEM NO.

Determine the smallest net area for the American Standard Channel shown in Figure 3.18. The holes are for ¾-
inch-diameter bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 2

Find the available strength of the S-shape shown in figure 3.20. the holes are for ¾-inch-diameter bolts. Use A36
steel.
PROBLEM NO. 3

A tension member with a length of 5 feet 9 inches must resist a service dead load of 18 kips and a service load of
52 kips. Select a member with a rectangular cross section. Use A36 steel and assume a connection with one line of 7/8-
inch-diameter bolts,
PROBLEM NO. 4

Select an unequal-leg angle tension member 15 feet long to resist a service dead load of 35 kips and a service live
load of 70 kips. Use A36 steel. The connection is shown in figure 3.25.
PROBLEM NO. 5

Design the tension member of Example 3.12 with the aid of the tables in part 5 of the manual.
PROBLEM NO. 6

Fink trusses spaced at 20 feet on centers support W6 x 12 purlins, as shown in figure 3.22a. The purlins are
supported at their midpoints by sag rods. Use A36 steel and design the sag rods and the tie rod at the ridge for the
following service loads.
Metal deck: 2 psf
Built-up roof: 5 psf
Snow: 18 psf of horizontal projection of the roof surface
Purlin weight: 12 pounds per foot (lb/ft) of length
PROBLEM NO. 7

Select a structural tee for the bottom chord of the Warren roof truss shown in figure 3.34. The trusses are welded
and spaced at 20 feet. Assume that the bottom chord connection is made with 9-inch-long longitudinal welds at the flange.
Use A992 steel and the following load data (wind is not considered in this example):
Purlins: M8 x 6.5
Snow: 20 psf of horizontal projection
Metal deck: 2 psf
Roofing: 4 psf
Insulation: 3 psf
PROBLEM NO. 8

A C12 x 30 is connected with 1-inch-diameter bolts in each flange, as shown in figure P3.2-3. If Fy=50 ksi, Fu=65
ksi, and Ae=0.90An, compute the following.
a. The design strength for LRFD.
b. The allowable strength for ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 9

A PL 3/8 x 16 tension member is welded to a gusset plate, as shown in figure P3.2-4. The steel is A36. Assume
that Ae=Ag and compute the following.
a. The design strength for LRFD.
b. The allowable strength for ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 10

A W16 x 45 of A992 steel is connected to a plate at each flange as shown in figure P3.3-5. Determine the nominal
strength based on the net section as follows:
a. Use Equation 3.1 for the shear lag factor, U.
b. Use the alternative value of U from AISC Table D3.1.
PROBLEM NO. 11
A double-angle tension member, 2L4 x 3 x ¼ LLBB, is connected with welds as shown in figure P3.3-7. A36 steel is
used.
a. Compute the available strength for LRFD.
b. Compute the available strength for ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 12
An L5 x 5 x ½ tension member of A242 steel is connected to a gusset plate with six ¾-inch-diameter bolts as shown
in figure P3.3-8. If the member is subjected to dead load and live load only, what is the maximum total service load that can
be applied if the ratio of live load to dead load is 2.0? Use the alternative value of U from AISC Table D3.1.
a. Use LRFD.
b. Use ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 13
A36 steel is used for the tension member shown in figure P3.4-1.
a. Determine the nominal strength based on the gross area.
b. Determine the nominal strength based on the net area.
PROBLEM NO. 14
The tension member shown in figure 3.4-2 is a PL 5/8 x 10, and the steel is A36. The bolts are 7/8-inch in diameter.
a. Determine the design strength for LRFD.
b. Determine the allowable strength for ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 15
A double-channel shape, 2C10 x 20, of A572 Grade 50 steel is used for a built-up tension member as shown in figure
P3.4-6. The holes are for ½-inch-diameter bolts. Determine the total service load capacity if the live load is three times the
dead load.
a. Use LRFD.
b. Use ASD.
PROBLEM NO. 16
PROBLEM NO. 17
As shown in figure P3.7-4, members AC and BD are used to brace the pin-connected structure against a horizontal
wind load of 10 kips. Both of these members are assumed to be tension members and not resist any compression. For the
load direction shown, member AC will resist the load in tension, and member BD will be unloaded. Select threaded rods of
A36 steel for these members. Use load and resistance factor design.
PROBLEM NO. 18
Use LRFD and design the tension members of the roof truss shown in figure P3.8-4. Use double-angle shapes
throughout and assume 3/8-inch-thick gusset plates and welded connections. Assume a shear lag factor of U=0.80. The
trusses are spaced at 30 feet. Use A36 steel and design for the following loads.
Metal deck: 4 psf of roof surface
Built-up roof: 12 psf of roof surface
Purlins: 3 psf of roof surface (estimated)
Snow: 20 psf of horizontal projection
Truss weight: 5 psf of horizontal projection (estimated)
PROBLEM NO. 19
Determine the critical net area of the ½-in-thick plate shown in figure 3.5, using the AISC Specification (Section
D3.2). The holes are punched for ¾-in bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 20
Determine the net area of the W12 x 16 (Ag=4.71 in²) shown in figure 3.7, assuming that the holes are 1-in bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 21
Determine the net area along route ABCDEF FOR THE C15 x 33.9 (Ag=10.00 in²) shown in figure 3.6. Holes are for
¾-in bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 22
Determine the LRFD tensile design strength and the ASD allowable tensile design strength for a W10 x 45 with two
lines of 3/4 -in diameter bolts in each flange using A572 Grade 50 steel, with Fy=50 ksi and Fu=65 ksi, and the AISC
Specification. There are assumed to be at least three bolts in each line 4 in on center, and the bolts are not staggered with
respect to each other.
PROBLEM NO. 23
The 1 x 6 in plate shown in figure 3.13 is connected to a 1 x 10 in plate with longitudinal fillet welds to transfer a
tensile load. Determine the LRFD tensile design strength and the ASD allowable tensile strength of the member if Fy=50
ksi, Fu=65 ksi.
PROBLEM NO. 24
Compute the LRFD design strength and the ASD allowable strength of the angle shown in figure 3.14. It is welded on
the ends and sides of the 8-in leg, Fy=50 ksi and Fu=70 ksi.
PROBLEM NO. 25
The tension member (Fy=50 ksi and Fu=65 ksi) of example 3-6 is assumed to be connected at its ends with two 3/8 x
12-in plates, as shown in figure 3.15. If two lines of ¾-in bolts are used in each plate, determine the LRFD design tensile
force and the ASD allowable tensile force that the two plates can transfer.
PROBLEM NO. 26
The A572 Grade 50 (Fu=65 ksi) tension member shown in figure 3.19 is connected with three 3/4-in bolts. Determine
the LRFD block shear rupture strength and the ASD allowable block-shear rupture strength of the member. Also calculate
the LRFD design tensile strength and the ASD allowable tensile design strength of the member.
PROBLEM NO. 27
Determine the LRFD design strength and the ASD allowable strength of the A36 (Fy=36 ksi, Fu=58 ksi) plates shown
in figure 3.20. Include block shear strength in the calculations.
PROBLEM NO. 28
Determine the LRFD tensile design strength and the ASD tensile strength of the W12 x 30 (Fy=50 ksi, Fu=65 ksi)
shown in figure 3.21 if 7/8-in bolts are used in the connection. Include block shear calculations for the flanges.
PROBLEM NO. 29
The two C12 x 30s shown in figure 4.2 have been selected to support a dead tensile working load of 120 k and a 240
k live tensile working load. The member is 30 ft long, consists of A36 steel, and has one line of three 7/8-in bolts in each
channel flange 3 in on center. Using the AISC Specification, determine whether the member is satisfactory and design the
necessary tie plates. Assume centers of bolts holes are 1.75-in from the backs of the channels.
PROBLEM NO. 30
Design the sag rods for the purlins of the truss shown in figure 4.4. Purlins are to be supported at their one-third
points between the trusses, which are spaced 21 ft on center. Use A36 steel and assume that a minimum size rod of 5/8 in
is permitted. A clay from roof weighing 16 psf (0.77 kN/m²) of horizontal projection of roof surface is used and supports a
snow load is 20 20 psf (0.96 kN/m²) of horizontal projection of roof surface. Details of the purlins and the sag rods and their
connections are shown in figure 4.4 and 4.5. In these figures, the dotted lines represent ties and struts in the end panels in
the plane of the roof, commonly used to give greater resistance to loads located on one side of the roof (a loading situation
that might occur when snow is blown off one side of the roof during a severe wind form.
PROBLEM NO. 31
A tension member is to consists of a W12 section (Fy=50 ksi) with fillet-welded on connections. The service dead
load is 40 k, while it is estimated that the service live load will vary from a compression of 20 k to a tension of 90 k fifty times
per day as an estimated design life of 25 years. Select the section, using the AISC procedure.
PROBLEM NO. 32
Using the AISC Specification, select a standard threaded rod of A36 steel to support a tensile working dean load of
10 k and a tensile working live load of 20 k.
PROBLEM NO. 33
PROBLEM NO. 34
A W12 x 44 with two holes in each flange and two in the web, all for ¾-in bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 35
The built-up section shown in the illustration for which 7/8-in bolts are used.
PROBLEM NO. 36
An L7x4x5/8 is shown. Two rows of ¾-in bolts are used in the long leg, and one in the short. Determine the minimum
stagger (or pitch s is the
PROBLEM NO. 37
Determine the effective net area M12x40 shown. Assume the holes are for 7/8-in bolts.
PROBLEM NO. 38
A single angle member (7x4x3/4) with two gage lines in the long leg and one in its short leg, for 7/8-in bolts (A36
design steel.
PROBLEM NO. 39
Select the lightest W12 available to support a factored tensile load Pu=400k, Pn=400 k, Pa=280 k. Assume there
are two lines of 7/8-in bolts in each flange (at least three bolts in each line in on center). The member is to be 28 ft long.
PROBLEM NO. 40
Select the lightest S section that will safety support the service tensile loads Pd=60 k and PL=20k. The member is to
be 20 ft long and is assume to have one line of holes for ¾-in bolts in each flange. Assume that there are at least three
holes in each line 4 in on center. Use A36 steel.
PROBLEM NO. 41
A36 steel is to be used in selecting a single angle member to resist tensile loads of PD=50k, PL=100k. The member
is to be 20 ft long and is assumed to be connected with one line of four 7/8-in bolts 3.5-in on center in the longer leg if an
unequal leg angle is used. Neglect block shear.
PROBLEM NO. 42
Design member L2L3 of the truss shown in the accompanying illustration. It is in consist of a pair of angels with a 3/8-
in gusset plate between the angles at each joint. Use A36 steel and assume two lines of three ¾-in bolts in each vertical
angle leg, 4 in on center. Consider only the angles shown in the double-angle tables the Manual. For each Pd=30 k, and
PL=24 k (roof load). Do not consider block shear.
PROBLEM NO. 43
Select a single angle tension member to resist the service loads Pd=70 k and Pl=90 k. The member is to be 20 ft
long and is to be connected in the longer leg with one line of four 7/8-in bolts 4 in on center. Assume that Fy=42 ksi and
Fu=60 ksi. Neglect block shear.
PROBLEM NO. 44
A tension member is to consist of four equal leg angles, arranged as shown in the accompanying illustration to
support the service loads Pd=180 k and Pl=320 k. The member is assumed to be 24 ft long and is to have one line of three
¾-in bolts in each leg. Design the member with 50 ksi steel, Fu=65 ksi, and including the necessary tie plates. Neglect block
shear.