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# CHAPTER IV

## RESULT AND DISCUSSIONS

A. Result
Num. Name Gene (TT/tt)
1 Risma TT
2 Fatmah Kamaruddin tt
3 Sari Bulan Wahyuni Tt
4 Kamriani TT
5 Kevin Aji Pratama P TT
6 Dian Puspitasari TT
7 Sakina Amaliah Pratiwi TT
10 Hamia TT
11 Dinul Qayyimah TT
12 Yulianda tt
13 Elva Yunianti TT
14 Nurul Fitrahtullah TT
15 Syamsiar Rahayu TT
18 Andi Fia Mutmainnah TT
19 Nisa Andini Sofyan tt
20 Eka Jesinta TT
Table 1. Class Data of Length between Index and Ring Finger

## Males Females Total

TT 3 13 16
tt 0 4 4
Table 2. Distribute Data Length of Index and Ring Finger Based on Sex Determine
Data Analysis
1. Frequency of Fenotypes
a) Males (index finger shorter than the ring finger/TT)
∑index finger shorter than the ring finger♂
= ∑ 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
x 100 %
0
= x 100 % = 0 %
20

## b) Males (index finger longer than the ring finger/tt)

∑index finger longer than the ring finger♂
= ∑ 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
x 100 %
3
= x 100 % = 15 %
20

## c) Females (index finger shorter than the ring finger/TT)

∑index finger shorter than the ring finger ♀
= ∑ 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
x 100 %
4
= x 100 % = 20 %
20

## d) Females (index finger longer than the ring finger/tt)

∑index finger longer than the ring finger ♀
= ∑ 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
x 100 %
13
= x 100 % = 65 %
20

2. Frequency of Genotypes
Handy-Weinberg Formula
𝒑𝟐 + 𝟐𝒑𝒒 + 𝒒𝟐 = 1
where
p+q = 1
Genotype for each index finger
𝑝𝟐 = Index finger shorter than ring finger homozygote (TT)
2pq = Index finger longer than ring finger heterozygote (Tt)
𝑞 𝟐 = Index finger longer than ring finger (tt)
a) Males
Alel frequency for each genotype
∑ 𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑙𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑥 𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 0
 𝑞2 = ∑ 𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
=3=0

𝑞=0
 Subtitute the value q to formula p + q = 1
p+q=1
p+0=1
p =1
So, genotype presentation are
 𝑝𝟐 = (1𝟐 ) = 1 x 100% = 100%
Total in person = 1 x 3 = 3
 2pq = 2(1)(0) = 0
Total in person = 0
 𝑞 𝟐 = (0𝟐 ) = 0
Total in person = 0
a) Females
Alel frequency for each genotype
∑ 𝑓𝑒𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑥 𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 13
 𝑝2 = ∑ 𝑚𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑎
= 17 = 0,76

𝑝 = √0,76 = 0,87
 Subtitute the value p to formula p + q = 1
p+q=1
0,87 + q = 1
q = 1-0,87 = 0,13
So, genotype presentation are
 𝑝𝟐 = (0,87𝟐 ) = 0,7569 x 100% = 75,69%
Total in person = 0,7569 x 17 = 13
 2pq = 2(0,87)(0,13) = 0,2262 x 100% = 22,62%
Total in person = 0,2262 x 17 = 4
 𝑞 𝟐 = (0,13𝟐 ) = 0,0169 x 100% = 1,69%
Total in person = 0,0169 x 17 = 0
B. Discussion