You are on page 1of 2

Pollution And Its Negative Effects

The whole world needs to know about pollution and take steps to reduce it, because the negative
effects of pollution are serious and potentially fatal. All types of pollution are detrimental to
human health and wildlife and contribute to climate change, which puts the entire planet in
danger. Knowledge is power, so learning about the effects of pollution is crucial to make
changes for the better.

Air, soil and water pollution contribute to climate change and have a negative impact on human
health. Pollutants also endanger many plant and animal species.

Effects of Air Pollution

Greenhouse gases, like fossil fuels released by vehicles and factories, and methane, released
by livestock, contribute to air pollution and add to climate change by raising the earth's
temperature. In a vicious circle, climate change then makes a certain type of air pollution worse.
A reaction between combusting fossil fuel emissions and sunlight creates smog, a yellowish or
blackish fog also known as "ground level ozone." Climate change also creates more allergenic
air pollutants, such as mold caused by damp conditions and pollen caused by a longer pollen
season and increased pollen production.

Air pollution can have a serious heath impact on humans. If you are exposed to very high levels
of air pollutants, you may experience irritation of the eyes, nose and throat, wheezing, coughing
and breathing problems and have a greater risk of heart attacks. Air pollution can also
exacerbate existing lung and heart conditions, like asthma. Smog can irritate the eyes and throat
and also damage the lungs. Children, senior citizens and people who work or exercise outside
are at a greater risk. Those most at risk are people with asthma or allergies because pollutants
can make their symptoms worse and trigger asthma attacks.

Across the world, climate change leads to more drought, heat waves, rising sea levels, storms,
warming oceans and rising sea levels, which affect animal species by destroying their natural

Effects of Soil Pollution

Pollutants in soil, most often from industrial sources, deforestation and improper waste
disposal, put animals and plants in danger. Soil polluted by chemicals eventually becomes
infertile and unable to support crops and other plant life. This hinders food production and can
lead to malnourishment in local communities. If soil pollutants produce contaminated food,
anyone who eats it may become ill. Toxic soil may also cause illness through skin contact or

Effects of Water Pollution

Pollutants in water resulting from trash, oil spills, sewage spills and run-off from agricultural
fields, construction sites and factories affect native plant and animal species. Drinking
contaminated water caused by sewage overflow may cause sickness and digestive problems in
humans. Pollutants such as mercury in fish and seafood can lead to serious health problems,
especially in children and pregnant women.

When water is poisoned, many animals die. Six months after the 2010 BP oil spill, which
affected 16,000 miles of U.S. coastline, over 8,000 animals were reported dead. Animals are
also often injured or killed by solid waste discarded in water.