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Jalen Orwig

Mr. Nathan Hellmers

English 1201

8 December 2018

Is There a Cure for ADD and ADHD?

Close your eyes and imagine yours in an action movie. Your strapped to a highly

explosive bomb and you have to diffuse it in the next ten seconds. Your about to defuse it when

you notice how shiny the bomb is. You admire how amazing you look in the reflection of the

bomb, asking yourself how are you are single, then you wonder, oh wait, you forgot about the

bomb. You've got easily distracted from your looks. If that you get easily distracted or you fidget

then this essay for you. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity

Disorder are the Most common Disorders when it comes to attention. Attention Deficit Disorder

and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is two very big diseases that mess with your mind

and eventually your body. This Disease can interrupt and disturb people's everyday Jobs, duties,

and can also hinder students in school from completing their woke. After all the trouble these

two illnesses bring, the first question on everyone's mind is there a cure. One thing for certain is

that Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are two very

important illnesses that should be dealt with in an immediate matter. Scientist all over the world

searches for Cures and solutions to sicknesses. So, does Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention

Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder have a clear-cut cure or is this something that only gets treated?
All though this is a required assessment, I will gladly proceed in doing this because I have

background with this issue beforehand. I believe that I have ADHD and ADD. I believe I have

them because I haven't gone to a doctor and asked them if something was wrong with me.so I

have a very big part in this subject and I believe I will enjoy writing this as much as will

researching this project in this.

Even Though Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are

almost the same things, These two Illnesses are two different things. Attention Deficit

Hyperactivity Disorder is a chronic condition that causes attention difficulty, hyperactiveness,

and large amounts of impulsiveness. The word chronic means long lasting, so this disease can be

effective for a long time or possibly your whole lifetime. People of ages 6-40 have the most

people that suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Although Attention Deficit

Hyperactivity Disorder has pretty clear symptoms, it is something that has to be approved, and

medically diagnosed by a licensed doctor. Attention Deficit Disorder is similar to Attention

Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, but Attention Deficit Disorder focuses more on the difficulty to

pay attention when ADHD is focusing more on being unable to sit still; If serious enough, these

two illnesses can corrupt functions in your brain.

​Brennan Dan’s article on WebMD.com compares and contrast ADHD and ADD, as well

as giving us information on the two diseases as well. Brennan goes on to explain that many

people think ADD and ADHD is the same thing. Sometimes, the two illnesses are the same, but
not always. The difference between the two is being a daydreamer and being a fidgeter. The

writer also gives a look at what symptoms a child has to have before he or she can prescribe

someone with ADD or ADHD. The writer wrote this to inform the audience on the difference

between ADD and ADHD. So This article can give us an answer to the question because it gives

the audience descriptions as well as comparing and contrasting ADD and ADHD. The article

includes the different signs of both or the illnesses as well the symptoms. This article is on the

first step to finding an answer.

Although ADD is a disease itself, there can also be different types of ADD. There can be

seven types of ADD to be exact. If having ADD by itself wasn't stressful enough, you have to

find which type bests fit you.

In Dr. Amen’s article about the 7 types of ADD on www.additude.com, it gives us a

closer look on the ADD side of the two disorders. In the article, Amen goes on to give us 7

different types of ADD to explore. The 7 different types of ADD are Classic ADD, ​Inattentive

ADD, Overfocused ADD, Temporal Lobe ADD, Limbic ADD Ring of Fire ADD, and Anxious

ADD. The audience Viewing this article are people who are unsure of what to do and unsure if

they have ADD or not. I believe this source and the writer is credible because this source has

been used and aided millions of people in the past. The Writer is also a certified Dr., So he is

experienced. This Source gives me different versions of ADD that can give me more information

that can point me in the direction of a cure.


In Patrica’s article about ADD/ADHD on www.add-adhd.org, She goes on to give more

information on ADD and ADHD, as well as experience treating the two disorders. Lemer tells us

all the different symptoms ADD and ADHD can give you. This article isn't really anything too

new to this essay. This is just giving more the audience information as well as clarification that

the other sources in the essay are correct. Also on the website, the audience is given plot/diagram

on the signs of ADHD and ADD.

They’re many treatments for ADD and ADHD. Arguably one the most controversial

treatments for Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is

Adderall. Adderall is prescribed to various diagnosed patients that suffer from ADHD. Adderall

is also prescribed to patients with narcolepsy. Adderall is a very addictive drug, which makes

this drug/treatment very controversial. Adderall includes something called Amphetamine.

Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system stimulant. How amphetamine improves the

impairments of ADHD is not known. It was once thought that the mechanism of action involved

neurotransmitters in the brain. Adderall is considered a smart drug. The term for a smart drug is a

Nootropic. Nootropics are drugs, supplements, and other substances that may improve cognitive

function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation, in healthy

individuals. So since Adderall “makes people smarter” people can occasionally overtake

Adderall thinking they can get extreme amounts of intelligence. This leads to death/injury by

overdose. That's why this medication ​has to be prescribed by a doctor. So Adderall isn't a cure to

ADHD, but with the right amount, it's a treatment that works.
With ADHD and ADD being so urgent to cure, treatments are vital to the process of

finding the cure. They are many treatments for helping the removal of ADD and ADHD. Treats

for ADHD and ADD is very complex and is different forms of treatments. Even though the

treatments can seem confusing at first, the turn out to be simple.

When getting medication, there two different types of ADD and ADHD, they are

stimulant and nonstimulant medications. Simulate medications are medications that have side

effects on that person later, and of course, non-stimulant medication is medications that don't

have side effects. Certain non-stimulant medications work by increasing levels of norepinephrine

in your child’s brain. Norepinephrine is thought to help with attention and memory. These

non-stimulant treatments include atomoxetine otherwise known as Strattera, and antidepressants

like nortriptyline, otherwise known as Pamelor. Medications like guanfacine otherwise known as

Intuniv and clonidine is otherwise known as Kapvay are two medications that aren't known how

it works on ADHD and adds. Adderall is most commonly used by students in their later part of

high school years and the beginning of their college years. This is because of the simple myth

that Adderall can make students smarter.

So with all the information this essay has provided, there's a source that gives us a answer

to if there is a cure or not. In Aleah Rodriguez's article, she goes on to state that there is no cure

for ADD/ADHD. Even though there is no cure, she says they’re several options to handling the

symptoms of ADD and ADHD. The treatments she stated corresponds with the ones earlier in
this essay. Some non-medical treatments include building a schedule, organizing everyday

things, and asking to use a computer in class. Now for adults, it might be hard to do things like

this because they have already grown up left school, So other things for adults would be like stay

organized, build a schedule but without school include a job, and many other things for treating

adults with ADD and ADHD Stimulants such as Adderall, Concerta, Focalin, Vyvanse,

Quillivant, and Ritalin in long-acting form are often prescribed for symptoms. Strattera, a

non-stimulant approved for treatment of an adult. Lenard Adler, MD, a psychiatry professor at

New York University Langone Medical Center and director of the Adult ADHD program at the

NYU School of Medicine says that other medicines used to treat childhood ADHD may also help

adults, such as Catapres, Intuniv, and the antidepressant Wellbutrin. Choosing the right

medication for a patient with ADHD is often about avoiding worsening other health problems.

For instance, Adler says he wouldn't prescribe a stimulant to a patient who has a substance abuse

problem, because stimulants have a high potential for abuse. Your history of taking ADHD drugs

also matters. Adler finds out what the patient has taken previously and because ADHD has a

strong genetic link, what family members with ADHD have taken and tolerated. So after a long

stringless research, it is proven that there is no cure for ADHD.

Now even though there is no cure for add/adhd, just as stated before there are many ways

that you can over time decrease the effect of ADD and ADHD. Children has to deal with this for

the longest since their ADD/ADHD is mostly diagnosed at a young age. ​ADHD is a

'neurodevelopmental' disorder, which is a disorder of brain function. It not a sign of low

intelligence. With understanding, care and medical treatment ADHD can be successfully
managed. ​Children with ADHD experience difficulties such as attention. This is when your

having difficulty concentrating, forgetting instructions, moving from one task to another without

completing anything. You can also be Impulsive. This is talking over the top of others, having a

‘short fuse’, being accident prone. The last difficulty is overactivity. This is when you have

constant restlessness and fidgeting. All young children have a limited attention span and

sometimes do things without thinking, but only a few of these children have ADHD.

We do not know the exact cause of ADHD. The leading theory is that ADHD is an

inherited neurodevelopmental disorder. Contributing factors could include ​neurophysiology

which includes differences in brain anatomy, electrical activity and metabolism. Another factor

included is genetics. Some research suggests possible gene mutations may be present. Drugs can

be another contributing factor. The child’s mother having used nicotine or cocaine during

pregnancy.Another contributing factor is being exposed to lead. Chronic exposure to low levels

of the metal lead may influence behaviour and brain chemistry. Lack of early attachment is

another big factor. If a baby does not bond with their parent or caregiver, or has traumatic

experiences related to the attachment, this can contribute to their inattention and hyperactivity. A

child with ​post-traumatic stress disorder​ may have symptoms similar to ADHD, but will need

different treatment.

Undiagnosed, untreated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder can wreak havoc on your

life, and it can also impact your loved ones. People everywhere needs to understand the work

that still needs to be done, and raise awareness about the importance of early diagnosis and

treatment. The most glaring misconception is the belief that ADHD is not real. once again,
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a well-documented neurological disorder. An

individual's brain develops and functions differently with ADHD. There is a deep body of

research on ADHD, and every major medical and health organization in the U.S. recognizes the

legitimacy of this disorder. Individuals don't choose to have these symptoms, but they do have

the responsibility to learn to manage them.

It is so important now and days to raise awareness in your community. As true as it is

Our society is ran by technology. Stuff gets around fast and quicker than ever before. Raising

awareness can be as much as posting something on social media about the diseases. ​Science tells

us that the most effective way to deal with any kind of stigma is to know someone with the

disorder who is stigmatized. It's easy to say that ADHD and ADD is not real or caused by bad

parenting when you have no experience with it. But if family members can learn to be

comfortable saying to others "I have ADHD and ADD," or "A member of my family has ADD

and ADHD," that usually stops people in their tracks and opens the door for some real dialogue.

Only when we stop hiding will the stigma and misunderstanding truly disappear.​ ​ADHD and

ADD Awareness Month brings together a number of national groups concerned about ADHD

and ADD and mental health. The partners include the Attention Deficit Disorder Association

(ADDA), the ADHD Coaches Organization (ACO), and Children and Adults with

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD). In addition, dozens of other health-related

groups and government agencies recognize and celebrate ADHD and ADD Awareness Month,

sharing information on this disorder.


As for me, writing this essay helped me more than I thought it would. I am going through

a midlife crisis right now because I honestly believe that is suffering ADD and ADHD. The

reason why I haven't gone to a doctor is that I thought maybe I was just the way I was. After

looking up information on these diseases, however, I've come to find that I have a good chance

of having it. I automatically self-diagnosed myself after looking into this and I was stressed out.

After reading through the sources in this essay, I came to find that I can't self-diagnosed myself.

This brings me to even more conclusion that maybe it's time that. I go to a doctor and ask him

about myself.

This essay I wrote has brung me through a lot of twists and turns. I have learned so much

that is going to help me on my journey to handle my issue. If I have ADHD or ADD, it is a little

un-encouraging finding out there is no cure for ADHD and ADD. If I don't have ADHD and

ADD, then I hope everyone who does can get through theirs and treat it the best they can. Even

though you can self-diagnose yourself with ADHD or add, so it has to be diagnosed by a doctor.

I learned about non-stimulant and stimulate medicine and they affect these have on the people

who take it. There is seven different types of ADD a person can have, ​Classic ADD, ​Inattentive

ADD, Overfocused ADD, Temporal Lobe ADD, Limbic ADD Ring of Fire ADD, and Anxious

ADD. Cures for ADHD and ADD hasn't been created yet, but they are treatments that can get

you to improve your ADHD and ADD. Symptoms for ADHD and ADD are not always meaning

you automatically have them; that is why it is so important to schedule an appointment with a

doctor to get checked out, that is if you feel like you have it. Child medications can occasionally

be used with adults, but not all the time.


attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder attention is something that is very serious. Many

people suffer from this, and people are diagnosed with ADD and ADHD daily. Getting through

ADHD and ADD isn't easy and matter fact it's rather hard, but with the right treatment and the

help, getting through ADD and ADHD isn't impossible and can be done.
Fig. 1 shows a kid playing with a pencil/ and very distracted, possibly due to

ADD/ADHD

Work Cited
ADD vs. ADHD.” WebMD, WebMD, 2017,

www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/add-vs-adhd#1​.

Amen, Daniel. “Dr. Amen's 7 Types of Attention Deficit Disorder.” ADDitude, ADDitude, 31

May 2018, ​www.additudemag.com/slideshows/7-types-of-add-adhd-amen/​.

Hallowell, Edward. “TOP 10 QUESTIONS on ADHD.” Dr. Hallowell ADHD and Mental and

Cognitive Health, 2014, ​www.drhallowell.com/add-adhd/top10questions/​.

Johnson, Susan. “What Are the Signs of ADHD.” Sinclair College Off-Campus Authentication

Form, 2013,

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e3611ee-35c4-44 97-9e99-161ae1684021%40sessionmgr4010.

Kessler, Eve. “Dr. Amen's 7 Types of ADHD.” Smart Kids, 2017,

www.smartkidswithld.org/getting-help/adhd/7-types-adhd/​.

Rodriguez, Aleah. “ADHD Treatment: What Are the Options?” Healthline, Healthline

Media, 2017,

www.healthline.com/health/adhd/treatment-overview​.
The MNT Editorial Team. “ADHD / ADD News from Medical News Today.” Medical

News Today, MediLexicon

International, 2016, ​www.medicalnewstoday.com/categories/adhd​.

Thomas, Brown. “Title: A New Approach to Attention Deficit Disorder. By: Brown,

Thomas E., Educational

Leadership, 00131784, Best of 2006-2007.” Sinclair College Off-Campus

Authentication Form, 2005,

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Williams, Penny. “The Full Range of Treatment Options for Children with ADHD.”

ADDitude, ADDitude, 30

Apr. 2018, ​www.additudemag.com/adhd-treatment-options-children/​.

“Difference Between ADD And ADHD? Addressing This Common


Misunderstanding”. 23 May 2014
https://blog.udemy.com/difference-between-add-and-adhd/