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The Joseph Juran Trilogy

Joseph Juran is responsible for what has become known as the "Quality Trilogy." The quality
trilogy is made up of quality planning, quality improvement, and quality control. If a quality
improvement project is to be successful, then all quality improvement actions must be carefully
planned out and controlled. Juran believed there were ten steps to quality improvement. These
steps are:
 An awareness of the opportunities and needs for improvement must be created
 Improvement goals must be determined
 Organization is required for reaching the goals
 Training needs to be provided
 Initialize projects
 Monitor progress
 Recognize performance
 Report on results
 Track achievement of improvements
 Repeat

The Juran Trilogy

The Juran Trilogy was developed by Dr. Joseph Juran, and it’s something I learned about
recently in my Total Quality Management and Six Sigma course. The Juran Trilogy is an
improvement cycle that is meant to reduce the cost of poor quality by planning quality into the

1. Quality Planning
In the planning stage, it is critical to define who your customers are and find out their needs (the
“voice of the customer”). After you know what your customers need, you’re able to define the
requirements for your product/process/service/system, etc., and develop it. Additionally, any
plans that might need to be transferred to operators or other key stakeholders should be done
during the planning phase. Planning activities should be done with a multidisciplinary team, with
all key stakeholders represented.

2. Quality Control
During the control phase, determine what you need to measure (what data do you need to know
if your process is working?), and set a goal for your performance. Get feedback by measuring
actual performance, and act on the gap between your performance and your goal. In Statistical
Process Control (SPC), there are several tools that could be used in the “control” phase of the
Juran Trilogy: Pareto Analysis, flow diagrams, fishbone diagram, and control charts, to name a

3. continually improve a process that isn’t broken (like the continual pursuit of perfection in Lean!) c) Renovation: Improvement through innovation or technological advancement d) Reinvention: Most demanding approach. Quality Improvement There are four different “strategies” to improvement that could be applied during this phase: a) Repair: Reactive. . fix what’s broken. start over with a clean slate. b) Refinement: Proactive.