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LEGAL AID PROJECT

BBALLB 04016503516
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Every project big or small is successful largely due to efforts of a number of wonderful people
who have always given their valuable advice and lent a helping hand. We sincerely appreciate
the inspiration; support and guidance of all those people who have been instrumental in making
project a success.
CASE 1: FILING OF RTI APPLICATION

As a part of the legal fraternity, it is our duty to serve the society with legal knowledge and
make them aware of their legal rights being a citizen of Democratic Republic like India. Legal
Aid is more than helping the unfortunate people. It is rather the right of the unfortunate people.

I got the chance to do my bit for the society when our Professor, Ms. Vandana provided us with
an opportunity to give our service to the needy.

In this Case, I got the chance of addressing X’s problems who is our tenant.

He had worked as a Lab Assistant with Public Sr. Sec. School, Nangloi, New Delhi which is
duly recognized and affiliated to CBSE during the period of July 2007 to June 2012. However,
the experience certificate provided to him by the school authorities cites 28.06.2010 to
30.06.2012 as his working period with the school.

He wanted to enquire whether his name is mentioned in the CBSE records as a lab assistant
with the school from July 2007 to June 2012 or from 28.06.2010 to 30.06.2012 as mentioned
in the experience certificate given by the school. He also wanted to get the records of above
stated if available with CBSE.

The application was filed on 20. September 2018 on the website and the reply came on 12.
October. 2018.

HOW TO FILE RTI APPLICATION?

Under the Right to Information Act 2005, every Indian citizen has full right to demand any
information from the government if he/she desires to do so.

For example: a citizen can demand information regarding delay in his passports from the
Government.

The Government, as per the RTI 2005, is liable to provide the information demanded to the
citizen. If the government authority from which information is demanded fails to do so, the
government authority will be penalized.

There are certain matters which are state oriented such as construction of a road, problems with
irrigation or street light issues. In such case, an RTI application will be filed with the state
authorities.
However, if your matter relates to the departments which are related to the Centre, then the
RTI must be filed with the central government. In case you fail to submit your RTI Application
to the Public Information Officer, you can approach the Central Information Commission. Read
further to know how to file an RTI with the Central Government Departments.

STEPS IN FILING AN RTI TO A CENTRAL GOVERNMENT


DEPARTMENT AND APPROACHING THE CENTRAL INFORMATION
COMMISSION

1. Central Government Department Identification

The first step to file an RTI with a department of the central government would be to
identify from which department the information has to be obtained. For instance,
anything related to income tax should go to Income Tax department or defense related
query should go to Ministry of Defense.

2. Writing the Application Properly

The next step would be writing your RTI application in the prescribed format. Also, this
format isn’t mandatory and you can submit your application on a plain paper as well.
The language of the application can be Hindi or English. Similarly, the government can
also respond in either language.

3. Make Payment of Fees

As you might know, there is some amount charged for each RTI you file. Thus, to file
an application to a central government department, attach application fee of Rs. 10/- in
the form of Indian Postal Order.

4. Send Application
Once all the above mentioned steps are completed, send your RTI application via speed
post/registered post and wait for the government’s response. If you don’t get a reply
within 30 days of sending the application, you can approach the central information
commission.

ABOUT THE CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION:

The Central Information Commission is a government body which has been established to
address the grievances of the people who have not been able to submit an RTI Application due
to the following reasons:

 There is no State Public Information Officer or Central Public Information Officer


appointed
 Either of the officers (PIO) have refused to take the RTI Application
CASE 2: PANCARD
I visited an underdeveloped area “Matiala Village” nearby my home. It is an Industrial area
and mostly migrants from small towns and villages outside Delhi live here with their families.
I went knocking door to door to ask if they needed any help in getting any of their documents
made. A few of them were supportive and were ready to give the relevant documents to be
submitted while a few others looked at it with suspicion

Mr. Paras Vashishth showed his willingness in getting his PAN Card made. He gave me a copy
of his Aadhar card and Matriculation Certificate and one passport size photograph.

How to Apply for PAN Card ? – Online Pan Application


Permanent Account Number or PAN Card is a nationalized identity card. Without a PAN, you
will not be able to carry out any financial transaction. It is the Indian Income Tax Department
that allocates this 10-digit alphanumeric and unique account number to a tax-paying person,
company or HUF. It has lifetime validity.

1. HOW TO APPLY FOR PAN CARD ONLINE?


The government has made provisions for applicants to apply for PAN through the Income
Tax PAN Services Unit of NSDL. Follow these easy steps to apply for a PAN online:

Step1: Open NSDL


website https://www.onlineservices.nsdl.com/paam/endUserRegisterContact.html to apply for
a new PAN.
Step 2: Select the Application type – New PAN for Indian citizens, foreign citizens or
for change/correction in existing PAN data.
Step 3: Select your category – individual, associations of persons, body of individuals, etc.

Step 4: Fill in all the required details like name, date of birth, email address and your mobile
number in the PAN form.

Step 5: On submitting the form, you will get a message regarding the next step.
Step 6: Click on the “Continue with the PAN Application Form” button.

Step 7: You will be redirected to the new page where you have to submit your digital e-KYC.
Step 8: Now enter your personal details in the next part of the form.

Step 9: In the next part of the form, enter your contact and other details.

Step 10: Enter your area code, AO Type and other details in this part of the form. You can also
find these details in the tab below
Step 11: The last part of the form is the document submission and declaration.
Step 12: You will get to see your complete form to make corrections, if any. If you do not want
to make any changes, click Proceed button.

Step 13: You will be redirected to the payment section where you have to make payment either
through demand draft or through netbanking/debit/credit card.

Step 14: Once you make the payment, you will get the acknowledge form with the 16 digit
acknowledgement slip.

Step 15: Take a print of this acknowledgement form.

Step 16: Attach two recent passport size photographs sign in the space provided on the
acknowledgment form.

Step 17: Enclose all the documents (self-attested) mentioned in the form along with Demand
draft (if payment was not done online) and acknowledgement form.

Step 18: Post the envelope containing all these documents to the NSDL address
Don’t forget to label the envelope as ‘APPLICATION FOR PAN— N-Acknowledgement
Number’.

You will receive the email on receipt of application.

FEE CHARGED WHEN APPLYING FOR A PAN CARD

The fee charged for applying for a PAN card that needs to be dispatched to an Indian address
is Rs. 110/- and the fees for new PAN application for dispatch outside India is Rs. 1020/-
(inclusive of the GST). Fee payment can be made through demand draft drawn in favour of
‘NSDL-PAN’, credit card/debit card or net banking.
CASE 3: VOTER ID CARD
I visited an underdeveloped area “Matiala Village” nearby my home. It is an Industrial area
and mostly migrants from small towns and villages outside Delhi live here with their families.
I went knocking door to door to ask if they needed any help in getting any of their documents
made. A few of them were supportive and were ready to give the relevant documents to be
submitted while a few others looked at it with suspicion.
Mr. Jitin Mahech resident of Matiala Village showed desire in getting his Voter ID Card made.
He gave me photocopies of his Class X Marksheet, the front page of his Bank PassBook for
Address Proof and a Passport size photograph.

After collecting these documents from him, I scanned them from my end and, applied for his
Voter ID card online.

VOTER ID – HOW TO APPLY, ELIGIBILITY, DOCUMENTS


REQUIRED
A Voter ID, also known as EPIC (Electors Photo Identity Card) is a photo identity card issued
by the Election Commission of India to all Indian citizens eligible to vote. The purpose of voter
ID is to serve as an identity proof for voters, increase efficiency and prevent impersonation and
fraud during free and fair democratic elections. This card is also commonly known as an
election card, voter’s card, or Voter ID card.

Structure of Voter ID

Sample Voter ID
A voter ID card is an accepted form of personal identification in India as it is issued by a
government body. The voter ID consists of the following details:

 A unique Serial number


 Photograph of the cardholder
 A hologram containing respective state/national symbol
 Name of card holder
 father’s Name of card holder
 Gender
 Card holder’s
 Card holder’s date of Birth
The card holder’s residential address and signature of the issuing authority (Electoral
registration officer) are on the rear side of the voter ID card.

How to Apply for a Voter ID Card?


A citizen of India can apply for a voter ID in three ways; online, offline or through semi-online
methods:

Online Semi-Online Offline

Applicant must begin by visiting Applicant must begin by visiting Applicant must visit the nearest
the national voter’s service the national voter’s service State Election office and request
portal (NSVP) website portal (NSVP) website for Form 6.

Click relevant option to register Download ‘form 6’ and fill the Fill ‘form 6’ with necessary
of new voter id form with relevant details. details and provide all
supporting documents such as
Identity proof, address proof etc.
The applicant may submit the
completed form to the respective
election office.

The online ‘form 6’ will open Submit the completed form 6 On verification of form, Voter
and applicants fill in all the along with a photo and ID will be issued.
details form 6 and submit form supporting documents at an
Additionally, applicant must Election Office near you by
upload a photo and supporting either post or in person.
documents with reference to
Voter ID Status.

Voter ID is only issued after necessary verification of all documents and details provided by
the applicant.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR VOTER ID CARD:


Applying for a Voters ID requires you to submit the following documents:

 Proof of identity
 Proof of address
 Photograph

Voter ID Card Eligibility:


In order to be eligible for a Voter ID card, individuals must meet the following criteria:
Points to note before applying for a Voter ID
Voter ID is an important document required for an Indian citizen as it enables him/her to
exercise a fundamental duty of voting in democratic elections. Voter ID also serves as a proof
of identity and address.
Here are the following things to keep a note of:

 Applicants must be of a minimum legal age of 18 years


 They should be of sound mind, free of criminal charges and not financially bankrupt
 They should fill out the relevant documents such as Form 6 and ensure that they provide
relevant original documents
 Applicants must solely apply for Voter ID only through government or government
approved websites and centres
 Applicants must ensure details such as spelling of their name, date of birth, address and
so on are correct
 Applicants must also ensure that all information that is provided is legally correct in all
aspects
 On successfully receiving the Voter ID, applicants must re-verify their documents and
Voter ID to see if the information is correct.

How to Verify Voter ID?


Applicants can verify their Voter ID if they suspect their ID to be a counterfeit by using their
Voter ID number. The applicant will have to visit the official website of the Chief Electoral
Officer of their state or the nearest state election office. In doing so they must search and check
if their name is present in the electoral roll, following which they can cross verify the details.
If there are any discrepancies the applicant must bring it to the notice of the Chief Electoral
Officer.
Steps to verify Voter ID:

1. Visit National Voters Services Portal (NVSP)


2. Select “Search name in the electoral roll”
3. Enter your details and verify
USES OF VOTER ID
The Voter ID card is used to furnish important details such as:

 The card serves as a proof of identity and address


 Voter ID Card is an acknowledgement that the cardholder is a registered voter
 Voter ID has several personal identification features such as the cardholder’s signature
& photograph
 The Voter ID card can be utilised to avail certain government schemes

HOW TO TRACK VOTER ID APPLICATION STATUS?


Voter ID applicants can now track the status of their application on the State Election
Commission website. Each Indian state has their respective election commission
website. Refer the image below taken as an example.

To track the status of voter ID:

 Visit the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) official website.


 Select ‘Know the Status of Your Application for Enrolment’.
 You can also apply on the National Voters’ Services Portal and select ‘Search your
Name in the electoral roll’.

Step 1 – Fill the application number or EPIC number.


Step 2 – Enter the following details:

 Name
 Date of birth
 Gender
 State
 Father’s name
 District constituency

Now select search and get information on the status of your voter ID.