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Spearhead Network for Innovative, Clean and

Safe Cement and Concrete Technologies

EXECUTION OF CONCRETE
STRUCTURES
Constructors Obligation in Quality
Control on Site
Prof. Dubravka Bjegović, Ph.D.C.E.
Institut IGH d.d Zagreb and
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Enginering, Department for Materials

Renato Rajzer M.Eng. (Geot .Eng.)


Institut IGH d.d. Zagreb
Institute for Materials and Construction
Head of Division for technology and quality of concrete structures

SPIN Meeting and Training Workshop in Tanzania,


from 30th June to 6th July 2012
Capital city - Zagreb
800.000 inhabitants
REPUBLIC
OF CROATIA

Parliamentary
democracy

Independance
25.06.1991.
(from
Yugoslavia)

Population:
4.480.043

Central Europe
Mediterranean
country with
1246 Islands
Mountains,
lakes, national
parks
Content

 Introduction
 Legislation in EU and Republic of Croatia, Regulations and Standards
 Participants in construction process
 Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica, description of construction site,
application of regulations on site
 Quality management and Quality control on site throughout all stages of
drilled concrete piles execution
 Main requirements of Technical regulation for concrete structures Annex
“J" and standard HRN EN 13670:2010
 HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems
 Conclusion

SPIN Meeting and Training Workshop in Tanzania,


from 30th June to 6th July 2012
Introduction

TO BUILD STRUCTURE LIKE


THAT YOU NEED:
 People (experts, workers, logistics)
 Machines, vehicles, equipment,
materials, products...

But before all that you need


 Knowledge, Science
 Legislation
 Regulations and Standards
 Investor, Designers, building permits...

Faults and defects that may occure That is why


during all phases of construction
QUALITY ASSURANCE AND
project and especially during
QUALITY CONTROL IN ALL
construction phase can result with
STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION
very large subsequent costs or
PROJECT IS VERY IMPORTANT
even complete cancellation of
structure or some part of structure
Introduction - The flow of the construction project

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
 Preliminary specifications for
construction and maintenance
 Specifications for design

INVESTMENT STUDY
 Market Analysis
 Economic and financial analysis
 Financial structure
 Period of investment return

DESIGN
 Project specification
 Specifications for materials,
equipment, parts and assemblies
 Essential requirements for building
 Load capacity, usability, durability
 Building permits
Introduction - The flow of the construction project

CONSTRUCTION
BID, TENDER  Execution specification
 Public open tender  Supervision
 Sending offer  Technical inspection of the
 Selection of contractor building
 Contract for construction  Handing over the building
to investor
MAINTENANCE OF BUILDING
 Facility management
 Monitoring
 Construction inspections
 Repairs and replacement of worn parts

DEMOLITION AND
RECYCLING
 Concrete
 Steel
 Bricks and building rubble

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL IN ALL


STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT !!!!!
Introduction – QA & QC is very important

Quality assurance (QA) and Quality control (QC) of concrete on site

 Obligation of contractor
 Quality plan for the
execution of concrete
structures
 Under the supervision
- supervisor engineer
Laboratory for  Laboratory on site
Test samples
concrete testing on site  Sampling
 Curing specimens
QUALITY CONTROL
OF CONCRETE –  Testing, testings result
 Records of quality
IMPLEMENTATION control procedures
ON CONSTRUCTION  Final report - Proof of
SITE usability of concrete
Legislations in EU and in Croatia

Croatia will become a member of the EU 01.07.2013, and is


adapted all its legislation to that which applies to the EU market

Adaptation and harmonization of legislation with EU legislation


is based on the principles:
 New Approach, NA Council Resolution 85/C 136/01 of 7 May 1985 on
a new approach to technical harmonization and standards.
 Global Approach, GA Council Resolution 90/C 10/01 of 21 December
1989 on a global approach to conformity assessment
Legislations in EU and in Croatia
Construction regulations

 Construction Product Directive (CPD) 89/106/EEC it will be withdrawn 30.06.2013.


Essential Requirements - There are six essential requirements which need to be
satisfied, when relevant, by the product prior to being put on the market
 1. Mechanical resistance and stability
 2. Safety in case of fire
 3. Hygiene, health and the environment
 4. Safety in use
 5. Protection against noise
 6. Energy economy and heat retention

 Construction products regulation (CPR) 305/2011 01.07.2013. will start to apply


 Novelty - 6 Essential Requirements 7 Basic Requirements (constuction works)
- Sustainable use of natural resources – 7. Basic Requirements
- Declaration of conformity Declaration of performance
- The system of assessment and verification of constancy of performance
System 2 no longer exist
- Essential Characteristics (construction products relating to basic requirements
for building)
 Physical Planning and Building Act (OG 76/07, 38/09, 55/11, 90/11, 50/12)
Legislations in EU and in Croatia

Technical Legislation – Horizontal legislations

 Law on Technical Requirements for Products


and Conformity Assessment (OG 20/10)
 Law on the General Safety of Products (OG 30/09)
 Standardization Act (OG 163/03)
 Law on Accreditation (OG 158/03,75/09)
 Law on Metrology (OG 163/03,194/03,111/07)
 Law on Obligatory Relations (OG 35/2005, 63/2008)
Legislations in EU and in Croatia
Construction products

 Act on construction products (OG 86/08)


 Ordinance on technical approval for construction
products (OG103/08)
 Ordinance on conformity assessment, documents of
conformity and the marking of construction products
(OG 103/08, 147/09, 87/10, 129/11)
 Technical regulation on construction products (OG 87/10,
146/10, 81/11, 100/11)
 Technical regulation for concrete structures (OG 139/09,
14/10, 125/10)
 Technical regulation for masonry structures (OG 01/07)
...............and many others
Legislations in EU and in Croatia
SCHEME EN STANDARDS AS THE BASIS FOR THE DESIGN, EXECUTION
AND CHOICE OF MATERIALS FOR CONCRETE WORKS (MAIN MODULES)

+ Nationally Determined
Parameters, NDPs

+ Nationally Determined
Parameters, NDPs
+ National annex

HRN 1128:2007
+ National annex,
HRN ???
Legislations in EU and in Croatia

 Building Regulations is a set of professional rules, laws, ordinances, regulations and


other acts regulating and coordinating relations of all participants in construction
projects, establishing requirements for construction and procedures
 For the adoption of building regulations in Croatia is responsible the Ministry of
Environment, Physical Planning and Construction and Building Administration

MINISTRY DRAFT OF THE LAW WITH PUBLIC HEARING


BUILDING ADMINISTRATION THE FINAL PROPOSAL SUGGESTIONS, COMMENTS, OPINIONS

TREATMENT OF ALL OPINIONS, DRAFT OF THE LAW – CROATIAN GOVERNMENT –


COMMENTS AND PROPOSALS FINAL TEXT ADOPTION OF LAW

MINISTRY Technical regulations, regulations,


BUILDING ADMINISTRATION expert opinions and explanations

 National legal acts are published in "Official Gazette”


Participants in construction process

+
OTHER PARTICIPANTS IN
INVESTOR
CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

DIRECT PARTICIPANTS
INDIRECT PARTICIPANTS
 DESIGNERS
 REVISORS  Government bodies
 CONSTRUCTORS  Inspections
 SUPERVISOR ENGINEER  Urban planners
 Experts and advisers  Financial organizations
 Companies for exploration work  Chambers of commerce
 Faculties and Institutes  Professional associations
 Different suppliers (equipment,  Utility company
machinery, plant and materials)  Public company
Participants in construction process

Physical Planning and Building Act


(OG 76/07, OG 38/09, OG 55/11, OG 90/11 & 50/12)
In accordance with Article 177.

Participants in INVESTOR
construction process:

SUPERVISOR
DESIGNER REVISER CONTRACTOR
ENGINEER
Participants in construction process

INVESTOR
 Legal or natural person in whose name structure is building
 Provides with the design, validation and control of projects,
construction and supervision to authorized persons
 Obtain all building permits
 Investor is required to provide supervision
 Investor is required to report beginning or continuation of
construction
 Request for obtaining a use permit
 Obtain all the documentation for technical inspection of the building
 Building owner is responsible for its maintenance so that during it
use to preserve the essential requirements for building
 Removal of the building permit, removal, supervision of removal
Participants in construction process

DESIGNER
 Natural person who prepares the building projects
 Designer is responsible for project to be made in accordance with
laws and regulations, project must comply with the location permit
and must meet essential requirements for structure
 Defines the structure
 Defines the use of building
 Defines the product
 Defines the main requirements for the execution of the building
 The main designer is determined by the investor
Participants in construction process

REVISOR
 Natural or legal person authorized for the project
control
 Authorized revisor, graduate civil engineer with a
minimum of ten years of service
 Revisor is responsible for project or part of project that he
controled to be made in accordance with laws and
regulations, project must comply with the location permit and
must meet essential requirements for structure
 Revisor must be independent
Participants in construction process

CONSTRUCTOR

 Contractor is obligated to build according to approved main


design and building permit
 Confer performance of construction works and other works to
persons who fulfill ordinance requirements for performance of
these works
 Perform works in order to fulfill essential requirements and
other requirements for structure
 Embed construction products and equipment in accordance
with Physical Planning and Building Act
Participants in construction process

CONSTRUCTOR
Provide:
 Proof of usability of embedded construction products
 Proof of compliance of embedded equipment according to
specific act
 Documents of compliance of specific building parts to basic
requirements for structure and from competent authority given
proof of quality (testing results, records of conducted control
quality procedures etc.)
 Legally dispose construction waste generated during
construction on the site
 Draw up a written report of conducted works, and of the
maintenance building
Participants in construction process

SUPERVISOR ENGINEER
 In accordance with Physical Planning and Building Act
Supervisor Engineer is a natural person who under a
special law has the right to use the professional title of a
licensed architect or licensed engineer and to conduct
technical supervision of construction on behalf of the
Investor.
 The supervisor engineer can
not be an employee of a
person who is the contractor
on the same building
Participants in construction process

SUPERVISOR ENGINEER
 Supervise the construction to be in accordance with the
main design, building permit, Physical Planning and
Building Act and other special regulations
 Determine if a main design in terms of horizontal and
vertical dimensions and purpose of the building is made
in accordance with the decision on building conditions or
location permit
 Determine if construction staking is performed by the
person authorized to conduct affairs of state survey and
real property under a special law
 Determine whether the contractor meets the
requirements for performing construction activities
Participants in construction process

SUPERVISOR ENGINEER
 Determine the implementation of control procedures in
respect of compliance assessment, and prove the
quality of certain parts of the building by an authorized
person
 Immediately inform Investor with all the disadvantages
or irregularities perceived during construction, building
inspections and other inspections of the measures
taken
 Compile a final report on the building construction.
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica
sections of road D-31 with connection to the D-408, PHASE II

Bridge
Selnica
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

Reinforced concrete drilled piles Bridge Selnica


 Application of the regulations through the documentation and records on
the construction site and obligations of participants in construction
process
 Quality management through all stages of execution of piles
 The main requirements of the Technical Regulations for concrete
structures Annex "J" and requirements of the standard HRN EN
13670:2010
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

BUILDING PARTICIPANTS SHEME

INVESTOR:

Hrvatske ceste d.o.o. Zagreb

SUPEVISION ENGINEER: TECHNICAL SUPERVISION:


Hrvatske ceste d.o.o. Zagreb
INSTITUTE IGH; Department for
Technology and Quality of Concrete
Structures

CONTRACTOR:
Viadukt d.d. Zagreb

SUBCONTRACTOR: LABORATORY ON
(AB bušeni piloti) CONSTRUCTION SITE:
Crosco d.o.o Zagreb Viadukt d.d. Zagreb
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

Reinforced concrete drilled piles Bridge Selnica


 Piles - diameter of 120 centimeters (12,4 m3 of concrete for one pile)
 21 piles, heights of 11 meters, under the columns and abutments
 Concrete supplier: Concrete plant (ready mix) TBP Pojatno Viadukt JSC.,
Certificate of factory production control no. 1/05-ZGP-493
 The designed concrete C25/30 Dmax 32 S4 XC1 Cl0,10 (R-009)
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

Composition of concrete for concrete piles C25/30

Cement: Našice cement CEM II/A-M(S-V) 42,5N...............400,00 kg


Water: Urban water supply...............................................164,00 l
Addition: Glenium Sky Superplastifikator 0,80 %.....................3,20 l
Aggregate: Radlovac: Crushed aggregate 4-16 mm,
River aggregate 0-4 mm Sava
0-4 mm 45%...................................................819,04 kg
4-8 mm 15%...................................................294,65 kg
8-16 mm 40%...................................................782,99 kg
w/c.. 0,41 Aggregate total:........................1896,68 kg Daily report about
execution of drilled
TOTAL WEIGHT:............................2463,88 kg
reinforced concrete piles
Equipment and
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica reinforcement cage
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

PILES ARE COLUMNS


OF SOLID MATERIALS
WHICH TRANSMIT FORCE
OF BUILDINGS INTO THE
DEEPER LAYERS OF SOIL
- DEEP FOUNDATIONS
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica
Quality management and Quality control on site throughout all stages of
performing drilled concrete piles

 CONSTRUCTION SITE ORGANIZATION


PREPARATORY WORK
 CONTRACTING SUPPLIER
FOR EXECUTION OF
 CONTROL PROCEDURES PRIOR TO CONCRETING
DRILLED CONCRETE PILES
 PROJECT DOCUMENTATION

 GEOMECHANICAL PROJECT
 GROUND WATER – MEASUREMENT
DRILLING AND COLON
 TEST DRILLING VERTICALITY
INSTALATION
 GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES MONITORING
 MEASURING DEPTH AND DIAMETER OF DRILLHOLE
 DURATION OF DRILLING

 STEEL REINFORCEMENT IN ACCORDANCE TO HRN EN


10080 AND TECNICAL REGULATIONS FOR CONCRETE
STRUCTURES ANNEX “B”
INSTALLATION OF
 MADE ACCORDING TO PROJECT DOCUMENTATION IN
REINFORCEMENT CAGE
RAINFORCEMENT FACTORY
 INSTALLED IN DRILLHOLE WITH COLONS
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica
Quality management and Quality control on site throughout all stages of
performing drilled concrete piles

 SPECIFICATION OF CONCRETE-ORDER (HRN EN 206-1)


 TESTING OF FRESH CONCRETE
CONCRETING OF PILES –
 CONTROL PROCEDURES DURING CONCRETING HRN EN
UNDERWATER CONCRETE
13670:2010
TECHNOLOGY
 RECORD OF THE CONCRETING
 RECORD ON SAMPLING
 DAILY REPORT – EXECUTIONS OF PILES
 START TIME AND END OF CONCRETING
 ACTUAL AND DESIGNED HIGHTS OF PILES
REMOVING THE UPPER  REMOVING OF POOR QUALITY CONCRETE FROM THE
LAYER OF PILE HEAD UPPER LAYER OF PILES
 CORRECTION, STRAIGHTEN AND CLEANING OF
REINFORCEMENT OF THE PILE HEAD

 EXAMINATION BY AUTHORISED ORGANIZATION


 IDENTIFY POSSIBLE DEFECTS
INTEGRITY TEST OF PILES
 DETERMINING THE LENGTH OF PILES (m)
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

Documentation on construction site


 Certificate of registration in the register
 Consent to carry out construction works and contract association of
contractors under a special law
 Act on the appointment of chief site engineer, site engineer, or the
works manager
 Act on the appointment of supervisor or main supervisor
 Detailed designs with the view of the main designer and certified by
the reviser, Program of quality control and quality assurance
 Building permit
 Construction site diary, The Site calculations
 Supplier Declaration of conformity, certificates of conformity of
products, the certificate of factory production control, technical
instructions for installation and use of products
Bridge Selnica – Bypass Velika Gorica

Documentation on construction site


 Specifications of materials and construction products
 Record of the geodesic construction staking
 Quality plan for execution of concrete structures
 Laws, regulations, technical regulations and standards
 Study on site organization with the work protection and safety and
fire protection
 Records of the control activities carried out on site
 Evidence about the quality of the built-in concrete (reports of
examinations conducted on the site)
 Proof of usability of concrete structure according to Technical
regulations for concrete structures annex “J.2.4”
 Other documents, licenses and permits for which the
special regulations stipulates that the contractor after
beginning construction of the building must have on-site
Quality management and Quality control on site

Quality management systems of participants


in construction process

 VIADUKT JSC HRN EN ISO 9001:2009


HRN EN ISO/IEC 17025:2007
HRN EN ISO 14001:2009

 CROSCO Ltd HRN EN ISO 9001:2009


OHSAS 18001:2007
HRN EN ISO 14001:2009

 INSTITUTE IGH JSC


HRN EN ISO 9001:2009 - Quality management systems
OHSAS 18001:2007 - Occupational Safety and Health
HRN EN ISO 14001:2009 - Environmental Management System
HRN EN ISO/IEC 17025:2007 - General requirements for the
competence of testing and calibration laboratories
Quality management and Quality control on site

Specification of concrete
MAIN DESIGN Delivery, receipt and
PROGRAM OF QUALITY CONTROL construction site transport
of concrete
AND QUALITY ASSURANCE Works during concreting
Concreting and compaction
Care and protection
Works after concreting
Special technology of
execution
Checking the conformity of
concrete properties
Control of execution

QUALITY PLAN FOR


EXECUTION OF CONCRETING PLAN
CONCRETE AND QUALITY CONTROL
STRUCTURES OF CONCRETE
HRN EN ISO 9001
Quality management and Quality control on site

QUALITY PLAN FOR EXECUTION OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES


 It is made by the contractor before starting work in accordance with main
design, and in accordance with applicable regulations
 It must be approved by supervising engineer
Quality Plan includes:
 Information about the structure, organization of the
construction site and contractor
 Description of the construction site management and quality
ORGANIZATIONAL during execution, responsible personnel
PROCEDURES  List of selected suppliers of construction products in
accordance to project requirements
OPERATIONAL
PROCEDURES  Concrete specifications, quantities and selected
types of concrete
 Delivery, downloading and site transport of fresh
concrete
RECORDS, INFORMATION, STANDARDS,
STANDARDS,  Sequence, breaks and endings of concreting
LAWS,TECHNICAL LITERATURE, GRAPHS,  Installation, compaction and surface treatment of
SCHEME, DRAWINGS, TABLES
concrete
 Care and protection of concrete
QUALITY PLAN  Sampling plan and testing of concrete on site
Quality management and Quality control on site
Contractor records and documentation

QUALITY PLAN FOR THE EXECUTION


OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES

Regulates the management and execution of


concrete works and ensuring quality control
during the execution of concrete works

Contain the required quality level of


performance and implementation of quality
control and testing during construction works

INCLUDES: - responsible persons, materials,


construction products, equipment, technology,
suppliers, scaffolding, reinforcement, casting,
precast elements, geometric tolerance,
supervisior and repair,
Quality management and Quality control on site
Contractor records and documentation

CONCRETE CASTING RECORDS

Concrete casting records includes:


 Control before concreting
 Fresh concrete testings and control
before casting
 Casting and compacting of concrete
 Control after casting
 Control of precast concrete elements
 Record for each concreting
 Signatures of persons responsible
 Archiving of records
Quality management and Quality control on site
Contractor records and documentation

RECORD OF TAKING SAMPLES

Record of taking samples includes:


 Generala data of construction site
 Data about concrete
 List of necessary hard concrete testings
 Data about taking samples – signatures,
dates
Quality management and Quality control on site
Contractor records and documentation

UNIFORMITY OF COMPRESSIVE
STRENGTH TEST RESULTS

EVALUATION OF TEST RESULTS IN


ACCORDANCE WITH ANNEX “B” OF
STANDARD HRN EN 206-1:2006
Criteria 1 Criteria 2
The number "n" test
results of
compressive The mean value Each individual
strength of defined of "n" results result
quantity of (fcm) (fci)
concrete (N/mm2) (N/mm2)
1 Not Usable ≥ fck - 4

2-4 ≥ fck +1 ≥ fck - 4

5-6 ≥ fck +2 ≥ fck - 4


Quality management and Quality control on site
Main requirements in quality control of concrete on site

Technical regulations for concrete HRN EN 13670:2010


structures Annex “J”
 Concreting
 Terms and definitions
o Concreting in accordance with HRN EN 13670:2010  Execution management
o Testing of fresh concrete, sampling
o 1 sample on 100 m3 of concrete  Falsework and formwork
o Minimum 1 sample /day
o Record of taking samples  Reinforcement
o Evaluation of test results HRN EN 206-1 annex B
 Prestressing
 Installation of reinforcement  Concreting
 Installation of precast concrete elements  Execution with precast
 Usability of concrete structures concrete elements
 Subsequent proving the technical
properties of concrete  Geometrical tolerances
 Maintenance of concrete structures  Annex A-H
Quality management and Quality control on site
Ordering of concrete, Specification of concrete

Specification for designed concrete:


o Requirement to meet standard HRN EN 206-1
o Compressive strength class, eg. C25/30
o Exposure classes depending on the work
environment according to HRN 1128:2007
o Maximum chloride content, eg. Cl 0,10
o Maximum nom. upper size of the aggregate, Dmax 32
o Class of consistency, eg, S4
Concrete plant Pojatno -
capacity 160m3/hour
C25/30 Dmax 32 S4 XC1 Cl0,10

The user must provide the following information, in accordance


with HRN EN 206-1, to producer when ordering concrete
 Specification of concrete
 Date, time, delivery dynamics and method of payment
 Mode of transportation to the site
 Intended method of concreting
 Other requirements essential for the transport and delivery
Quality management and Quality control on site
Production of concrete

Procedure for conformity certification of concrete

CONCRETE - conformity assessment system 2 +


(modified requirement for national testing in compression on a random sample of the authorized person)
Activity Document

Factory production control


Declaration of
Testing of samples according to the plan and conformity
PRODUCER
conformity control (after reciving a certificate
of FPC)
Initial type testing
Initial factory inspection and initial inspection of Certificate of factory
factory produstion control production control
AUTHORISED
PERSON Continuous inspection and assessment of Continued validity or
factory produstion control, rendom sample withrwal of the Certificate
testings of FPC
Quality management and Quality control on site
Transport of fresh concrete - documentation

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

Document issued by the producer


after reciving a Certificate of FPC

In accordance to Act on construction


products (OG 86/08) Declaration of
conformity must follow each product
which is delivered

Producer should send a declaration of


conformity to the Ministry within maximum
10 days from the date of issue
Quality management and Quality control on site
Transport of fresh concrete - documentation

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS
Document issued by the producer

In accordance to Act on construction


products (OG 86/08) Declaration of
conformity must follow each product
which is delivered
It contains:
 Identification of products and producer
 Product description and ingredients
 Range of applications
 Casting and care of fresh concrete
 Technical information of the concrete
 Limit application of the product
 Conformity Assessment
 Protection and Safety at Work
Quality management and Quality control on site
Transport of fresh concrete - documentation

CONCRETE DELIVERY NOTE


Document issued by the producer
It goes with every shipment
It must contain information in accordance
to standard HRN EN 206-1, 7.3:
 Name of the concrete plant
 Serial number of concrete delivery note
 Date and time of shipping
 Number and vehicle registration
 Name of customer
 Name and location of construction site
 Quantity of concrete
 Mark of conformity
 Time – arrival of concrete on site, start
of shipping and end of shipping
 Specification of concrete
Quality management and Quality control on site
Submission of concrete on site

Minimum requirements for quality control of concrete on construction site


– in accordance with Technical regulation for concrete structures
(OG 139/09, 14/10, 125/10)

Activity Frequency

Control of concrete delivery note Every shipment

Fresh concrete testings

Consistency of fresh concrete – visual Every shipment


control
 During making control samples
Measuring the consistency of concrete for compressive strength
according to HRN EN 12350-2  At any reasonable doubt
Quality management and Quality control on site
Submission of concrete on site

Activity Frequency

Fresh concrete testings

Air content in accordance to HRN EN During making control samples for


12350-7 compressive strength (only for for
aerated concrete)

Temperature of fresh concrete and At the start of concreting in the


temperature of air winter and summer conditions
(+ 5°C – 30 5°C )
Sampling according to HRN EN 12350-1
Making and curing specimens for testing According to Quality plan for
hardened concrete according to HRN execution of concrete structures –
EN 12390-2 Sampling plan
Quality management and Quality control on site
Fresh concrete testings

Air content in accordance to


HRN EN 12350-7
Measuring the consistency of concrete
according to HRN EN 12350-2 Temperature of fresh concrete and
temperature of air
Quality management and Quality control on site
Fresh concrete testings

Sampling according to HRN EN 12350-1 Making


Curing of and curing specimens for testing hardened concrete
specimens according to HRN EN 12390-2
on site

Construction
site
laboratory
Quality management and Quality control on site
Hardened concrete testings

Minimum requirements for quality control of concrete on construction site – in accordance with
Technical regulation for concrete structures (OG 139/09, 14/10, 125/10)

Activity Frequency

Uniformity of compressive strength  Minimum 1 sample/day


test results  1 sample on 100 m3 of
concrete
Making and curing specimens for testing  Minimum 1 sample for
hardened concrete according to HRN constructive elements
EN 12390-2 and testing according  Record of taking samples
HRN EN 12390-3  Evaluation of test results
HRN EN 206-1 annex B
Durability testing, water resistance,
resistance concrete to frost, frost and Sampling plan,
salt, wear resistance... project requirements
Quality management and Quality control on site
Hardened concrete testings

Compressive strenght of test specimens


according to HRN EN 12390-3
ISO 6784:1982
Concrete - Determination of
static modulus of elasticity
in compression

Testing the freeze-thaw


resistance of concrete –
Internal structural damage
HRN CEN/TR 15177:2006

Depth of penetration of water under pressure Freeze-thaw resistance - Scaling according to


according to HRN EN 12390-8:2009 HRN CEN/TS 12390-9:2006
Quality management and Quality control on site
Usability of concrete structures

In proof of usability should consider:


 Construction site diary records of properties and other information
on construction products built into the structure
 The results of all control procedures prior to installation
construction products in concrete construction
 Approvals (test results, records of the procedures, etc.) provided by
the contractor during the construction of concrete structures
 The test results of load test of concrete structure
 Conditions construction and other circumstances in accordance
with construction diary and other documentation which may affect
the properties of concrete
Quality management and Quality control on site
Subsequent proving the technical properties of concrete

For concrete structure, which is not provided project determined properties or


can not be determined due to lack of documentation it is necessary to
subsequently prove the quality of concrete by a series of standards HRN EN
12504 and standard Assessment of in-situ compressive strength in structures
and precast concrete components HRN EN 13791:2007

Usually it is a combination of destructive and non-destructive testing methods

HRN EN 1542: 2001


HRN EN 12504-3: Products and Systems
Testing concrete in Protection and Repair
HRN EN 12504-2:
concrete structures - Drilling of cylinders for
Testing concrete instructures- structures-
destructive concrete
Part 2 Non-destructive testing- Part 3 Determination Measuring the strength of
of pulling force Adhesion pull-off testings
Determination ofrebound
HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems

All this indicated earlier in this paper represents:


Minimum requirements for quality control of concrete on construction
site – in accordance with Technical regulation for concrete structures
(OG 139/09, 14/10, 125/10)
Today's business conditions, competition, large EU market dictate greater
requirements than the legal minimum so it is very important for construction
companies:
 to establish, document and implement Quality Management System (QMS)
 it is recommended that contractors introduce a quality management system
according to the requirements of HRN EN ISO 9001:2008, ensuring a process
approach and continuous measurable improvement in quality
 QMS is not legally required but the investors are increasingly requiring
in a tender
HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems

Few definitions:

Quality is the ability to feature products, systems or processes to


meet customer requirements and other interested parties.

Quality is customer satisfaction.

The quality is the compliance with


the requirements.

The main factors of quality management


 Inspection, verification
 Quality control (QC)
 Quality assurance (QA)
 Total Quality Management (TQM)
HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems

HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 Quality management systems


The basic principle of quality management in execution
is a process approach
Process approach is a strategy of management

Quality Management System is a network of processes

The process consists of: people, work, activities, tasks,


records, documents, forms, resources, policies,
regulations, reports, materials, supplies, equipment

The application of any standards is voluntary.


The decision on the application of certain standards each participant
accepts “game rules" about the consistent application of that standard
Standards are mandatory, if the laws and regulations refer to them
HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 QMS

The benefit of implementing a quality management system:

 Improving the quality of services


 Increase employee motivation
 Successful teamwork (which contributes to the compactness and
unity of the department)
 Continuous training of staff (which affects the steadily increasing expertise)
 Improving co-operation with clients
 Continuous improvement of the quality system
 Better position to market and greater resistance to the instability of the
market
 A better quality of execution, greater durability of the building, better
visual impression and surface quality
 Material saving
 Better safety, less injuries at work
HRN EN ISO 9001:2008 QMS
Implementation on construction site

In order to successfully manage the quality management process for concrete


structure execution except compliance with all legal requirements it is
necessary to implement the following:
 Very thoroughly study all the execution documentation and resolve all doubts
before starting work with other participants in construction
 Establish a system of quality control and quality assurance of reinforced
concrete structures execution, to determine the responsible person, duties and
responsibilities
 All activities within the process clearly define and document
 Define a way to manage changes during the execution and responsible person
 Appoint the internal control of execution
 Plan and provide training for all participants whose work affects the quality
 Define a procedure for resolving non-compliance performance
 Prepare a Quality plan for execution of concrete structures which is aligned with
the main project, define personnel in quality control and quality assurance
 Obtain an independent assessment of the management process for execution
of concrete structures in order to create trust between contractor and
contracting authority
Conclusion

 Process of adaptation building regulations to EU regulations (Laws,technical


regulations ,Decrees, Regulations, Standards) in Croatia is almost finished
 Now we need follow and implement regulations
 We need to adapt to new regulations
Construction Product Directive (CPD) 89/106/EEC it will be withdrawn 30.06.2013.
Construction products regulation 305/2011 01.07.2013. will start to apply
Act on construction products (OG 86/08) - Amendment of law 2013?
National Annex of standard HRN EN 13670:2010 Execution of
concrete structures – still in progress
 The obligation of all participants it to meet the requirements of current building
regulations
 Biggest croatian companies has introduced quality management system but
most of croatian companies did not or it is poorly implemented
 Currently in Croatia are about 2500 certified companies according to HRN EN
ISO 9001:2008 (all companies, not just construction companies)
 It takes several years to implement a quality management system and it must
be decision of management
Literature
 Construction site documentation – Bridge Selnica
 Execution documentation – Bridge Selnica
 Radić, Bleiziffer, Žderić, Šavor, Tkalčić: Concrete structures in Croatia from 2002 to 2006 – Croatian
National Report, The Second fib Congress Naples, Italy 5-8 June 2006
 Jure Radić, Concrete structures – Manual; University Zagreb, Andris 2006
 Jure Radić, Concrete structures - part 4 – Execution; University Zagreb, Andris 2006
 Physical Planning and Building Act (OG 76/07, 38/09, 55/11, 90/11, 50/12)
 Law on Technical Requirements for Products and Conformity Assessment (OG 20/10)
 Law on the General Safety of Products (OG 30/09)
 Standardization Act (OG 163/03)
 Law on Accreditation (OG 158/03,75/09)
 Law on Metrology (OG 163/03,194/03,111/07)
 Law on obligatory relations (OG 35/2005, 63/2008)
 Act on construction products (OG 86/08)
 Ordinance on technical approval for construction products (OG103/08)
 Ordinance on conformity assessment, documents of conformity and the marking
of construction products (OG 103/08, 147/09, 87/10, 129/11)
 Technical regulation on construction products (OG 87/10, 146/10, 81/11, 100/11)
 Technical regulation for concrete structures (OG 139/09, 14/10, 125/10)
 Technical regulation for masonry structures (OG 01/07)
 Internet documentation
 Personal photo archive
 IGH photo archive
Tunnel St. Rok Bridge Maslenica Homeland bridge

Bridge Guduča

Krk Bridge
Sky office tower
THANK YOU
FOR YOUR
KIND ATTENTION

Contact: Renato Rajzer, M.Eng. (Geot.Eng.)

INSTITUTE IGH d.d. Zagreb Janka Rakuše 1


Institute for materials and structures
Division Manager – Division for Technology and Quality of Concrete Structures

tel. 01/6125-115 faks. 01/6125-100 mob. 098/9844018


E-mail: renato.rajzer@igh.hr Web: www.igh.hr