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Podcast Script

Hello listeners, have you ever been THAT person that walked into class 5 minutes late?

Have you ever told your friends that you are on your way, but in reality, you haven’t even left

your home? Have you ever had to pull an all-nighter because you did not finish that one

assignment that’s due the next day? I think at this point, you guys get the point that I am trying

to make. It is very common for people to struggle with time management. Have you ever

wondered if people make worse decisions when they are under some sort stress such as time?

Recently, I observed a parking lot on campus to come up with an answer to this question. My

name is Edmond and I concluded that people tend to make poorer decisions when they are

under some sort of stress or pressure.

For my observation, I observed lot 25 or the ARC parking on campus. For everyone who

does not know, all afternoon classes start at ten minutes past the hour and end at the hour. So,

when I began my observation at around 12:30 pm, the parking lot was relatively inactive. At

around 12:40 pm, a couple of cars would start to show up at the parking lot. This was pretty

early, since the next class did not start till 1:10 pm, but these cars that were early would take

their time and park in an empty spot. These drivers would make sure that their parking job was

well done and sometimes take a couple of tries to park correctly. Once they parked their car,

they would wait a couple of minutes before getting out their car, probably on their phones.

They would then get out of their car and proceed to walk to class. This is a prime example of

the saying “the early bird gets the worm.” While the driver showing up around 12:50 pm to

1:00 pm will have a much more different experience with parking.


At around 1:00 pm, it seemed that the drivers became more impatient. Probably at this

point, they knew that they were going to be late for class. For example, there was this black

BMW’s movement that could only be described as spasmodic. The driver was speeding up,

slowing down, speeding up and slowing down, meaning that the driver was probably in a hurry.

The BMW was already having a tough time finding a parking spot and by the time the driver

found a spot, the parking job was terrible. Once the car stopped, the driver immediately rushed

out of the car with his backpack and started to run. He would then later return back to his car

to get something 2 minutes later.

Giora Keinan is a researcher for the Tel Aviv University of Tel Aviv, Israel. He conducted a

study trying to figure out if people make poor decisions because when they were under a

source of stress, they failed to consider all outcomes before making a decision. According to

Giora, he wrote in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology states that “those who were

exposed to either controllable or uncontrollable stress showed a significantly stronger tendency

to offer solutions before all available alternatives had been considered and to scan their

alternatives in a nonsystematic fashion than did participants who were not exposed to

stress(Keinan 639).” From my observation, two different people performed the same task,

parking a car, but to a certain extent, one completes the task better than the other. The early

driver was not exposed to a significant amount of stress and the early driver completed the task

to a certain degree, more correct than the late driver. The late driver had a poor parking job

and ended up forgetting things in his car. Leading me to believe that when people are exposed

to stress such as a time constraint, they tend to complete a task of a lesser quality. This is
obviously not something that is definite and will need further research and testing in order to

be proved to be true.

For all the students that are listening, time management is an important skill that can be

reflected in your grades. Bruce Britton and Abraham Tesser of the Institute for Behavioral

Research and Department of Psychology of the University of Georgia conducted a study where

they found out the time-management practices of a group of students and compared that to

their SAT scores and their GPAs four years later. They found that the time-management

components of their test were significant predictors of cumulative grade point average and

“concluded that time-management may influence college achievement(Britton and Tesser

405).” So, by managing your time better, it can lead to better grades and a healthier lifestyle.

Students that complete their work on time will be less stressed and produce better results than

those that are stressed. By stay on top of the workload, school work will seem easier and less

difficult.

In the end, we know that being stressed will impact a person negatively, but we can

minimize that with positive habits such as better time management skills. By managing your

time better, it can lessen the stress that you are experiencing and produce better quality

results. As time management is an essential skill that can always be improved upon and it will

always be useful in all walks of life. So, I challenge everyone out there to try and lessen the

stress that you are experiencing. It may end up improving your life by just that little bit, so

thanks to anyone that made it this far of the podcast and thank you for taking the time to listen

to my podcast.
Works Cited

Britton, Bruce, and Abraham Tesser. “Effects of Time-Management Practices on College


Grades.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 1991,
www.researchgate.net/profile/Abraham_Tesser/publication/232573913_Effects_of_Ti
me-
Management_Practices_on_College_Grades/links/0046353545613de89d000000/Effects
-of-Time-Management-Practices-on-College-Grades.pdf.

Giora Keinan. “Decision Making Under Stress: Scanning of Alternatives Under Controllableand
Uncontrollable Threats.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 1987,
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.616.5641&rep=rep1&type=
pdf