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15.Mengoperasikan alat-alat keselamatan (Operate life-saving


appliances)
1. *When the fire alarm signal is sounded every member of the ship's crew shall
immediately proceed to their assigned fire station. Which one of the following
signals is used as fire alarm signal on board cargo ships?
a. Intermittent signals on the ship's alarm bells
b. One long blast on the ship's whistle and alarm bells followed by seven
short blasts
c. Seven short blasts followed by one long blast on the ship's whistle and
alarm bells
d. Three short blasts followed by three long blasts, then followed by three
short blasts on the ship's whistle and alarm bells
2. An alarm signal consisting of seven short blast followed by one prolonged blast
is sounded by the ship's whistle and alarm bells. What are you to do?
a. Go to your lifeboat station
b. Go to your fire station
c. Report on the bridge (deck crew) or engine room (engine crew) for further
orders
d. Go to (or remain in) your cabin and await further orders
3. An alarm signal consisting of seven short blasts followed by one long blast is
sounded by the ship's whistle and the alarm bells. What are you to do?
a. Go to your lifeboat station (muster station).
b. Go to your fire station.
c. Report on the bridge (deck crew) or engine control room (engine crew)
for further orders.
d. Go to (or remain in) your cabin and wait for further orders.
4. Give the meaning of the following symbol:
a. muster station
b. muster station for families only
c. muster station for unaccompanied minors (UM)
d. gathering place for embarkation formalities
5. Identify this symbol:

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a. Emergency generator?
b. Fire glass door?
c. Inertgas installation?
d. Escape gate?
6. If you detect a fire on board the ship, dependent on the situation, which of the
following actions is the first to be taken?
a. Raise the fire alarm.
b. Try to kill the fire immediately by use of fire-extinguishers or other
adequate appliances.
c. Call the officer on duty.
d. Check all nearby compartments for survivors.
7. What alarm signal must be sounded by the alarm bells in case of fire?
a. The signal which is stated in the muster list
b. Series of short blasts
c. One long blast followed by seven short blasts
d. A continuous signal
8. What is a contingency plan for ships?
a. Plan for safety preparedness
b. Plan for next voyage
c. Loading plan for general cargo
d. Plan for maintenance and repair
9. What is the general emergency alarm signal as specified in SOLAS ?
a. seven or more short blasts followed by one long blast
b. three short blasts followed by three long blasts then three short ones
c. one long blast followed by seven short blasts or more
d. one long blast
10. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Lifeboat
b. Rescue boat
c. Liferaft
d. Davit-launched liferaft

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11. What is the meaning of this symbol ?


a. Embarkation ladder
b. Lower lifeboat to water
c. Evacuation slide
d. Davit-launched liferaft
12. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Line-throwing appliance
b. Rocket parachute flares
c. Radar transponder
d. Survival craft pyrotecnic distress signals
13. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Fasten seat belts
b. Secure hatches
c. Release falls
d. Start air supply
14. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Lifebuoy with light and smoke
b. Lifebuoy with line
c. Lifebuoy with light
d. Lifejacket
15. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Lifejacket
b. Child`s lifejacket
c. Immersion suit
d. Lifebuoy
16. What shall you do if you see a person falling into the sea?
a. Throw a lifebuoy over board and report to the bridge immediately.
b. Launch a lifeboat.
c. Put on a lifejacket.
d. Run aft.

17. What signal, if any, is specified in SOLAS as the "Abandon ship" signal ?

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a. the "Abandon ship" signal is not specified, only the general emergency
alarm signal is stated
b. six short blasts followed by one long blast
c. seven short blasts followed by one long blast
d. four long blasts
18. When a fire breaks out in the accommodation, cargo holds or on deck, who is in
charge of the fire fighting operations?
a. The person who is designated in the muster list
b. The chief officer
c. The first officer arriving at the scene
d. The first person arriving at the scene
19. When a fire breaks out in the engine room, who is in charge of the fire fighting
operations?
a. The Chief Engineer
b. The Captain
c. The engineer on duty
d. The first person to arrive at the scene
20. When having a fire alarm during normal working hours, what immediate actions
should be taken?
a. Act according to instruction given in the fire plan.
b. Start the fire pump, the sooner the better.
c. Start searching for the fire to determine if it is in the engine room.
d. Everybody gather in the safety centre.
21. When mustered to an abandon ship drill, what is the first thing you do when
entering the muster station?
a. Put on a life jacket
b. Report your presence
c. Wait for orders
d. Wait for the order to put on your life jacket
22. When you join a new ship, how are you informed about safety rules, alarm
instructions and your own duties in case of an emergency?
a. By muster lists exhibited in conspicuous places
b. By oral instructions by the Captain

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c. By folder distributed to each crewmember


d. By alarm instructions in all crew cabins
23. Where can you find what your duties are during a life boat drill?
a. Muster List
b. Stated at the embarkation station.
c. From the drill leader.
d. Safety plan.
24. Where do you find instructions for tasks and duties in case of an emergency?
a. In the muster list.
b. On posters at the lifeboat station.
c. In instruction notices posted in the crew's cabins.
d. In instruction notices posted in messrooms, recreation rooms etc.
25. *A davit-launched liferaft on board a ship is so arranged to be boarded by its full
complement of persons in less than:
a. 3 min
b. 2 min
c. 1 min
d. 4 min
26. *How many thermal protective aids are carried in each liferaft?
a. 10% of the number of persons the liferaft is designed to carry, or two,
whichever is more
b. The number of persons the liferaft is permitted to accommodate
c. 6
d. Nil
27. *How much food per person is supplied on a liferaft marked SOLAS B PACK?
a. Not less than 10000 Kj
b. Not less than 5000 kJ
c. Not less than 20000 kJ
d. None
28. *The breaking strength of the painter in a liferaft permitted to accommodate 6
persons is at least:
a. 7.5 kN
b. 5 kN

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c. 2.5 kN
d. 10 kN
29. *The container for an inflatable liferafts shall be made:
a. watertight, as far as possible,except for drain holes in the container bottom
b. non-watertight if fitted with drain holes in the container bottom
c. Completely watertight
d. non-watertight

30. *The weak link of a float-free arrangement for liferafts must break under a strain
of:
a. 2,2 kN ± 0,4 kN
b. 0,7 kN ± 0,4 kN
c. 4,2 kN ± 0,4 kN
d. 9,7 kN ± 0,4 kN
31. *Which part of the fresh water quantity provided for each person the liferaft is
permitted to accommodate may be replaced by a de-salting apparatus?
a. 0,5 l if the de-salting apparatus is capable of producing this quantity in 2
day
b. 0,25 l if the de-salting apparatus is capable of producing this quantity in
2 days
c. 0,5 l if the de-salting apparatus is capable of producing this quantity in 1
day
d. 0,25 l if the de-salting apparatus is capable of producing this quantity in
1 day
32. A 6-men inflatable liferaft shall be carried as far forward as is reasonable and
practicable. Where is the best stowing position?
a. Aft of the forecastle
b. Aft of the forecastle secured with wire, turnbuckle and slip hook
c. All forward on the forecastle and secured with the use of a hydrostatic
release device
d. In a locker in forecastle
33. A floating liferaft is capable of withstanding repeated jumps on to it from a height
of at least:

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a. 4,50 m
b. 3,50 m
c. 5,50 m
d. 6,50 m
34. An evacuation-slide must be capable:
a. of being deployed by one person
b. of being deployed by two persons
c. of being deployed by one person or remotely controlled from the bridge
d. of being deployed by two person or remotely controlled from the bridge

35. An inflatable liferaft accommodating 6 persons is fitted with:


a. 1 entrance fitted with semi-rigid boarding ramp
b. 1 entrance fitted with a boarding ladder
c. 2 entrances each being fitted with a boarding ladder
d. 2 entrances among which one is fitted with a semi-rigid boarding ramp
36. Give the meaning of the following symbol:
a. Davit launched liferaft
b. Liferaft
c. Inflate liferaft
d. Lower liferaft to water
37. Give the meaning of the following symbol:
a. Liferaft
b. Lower liferaft to water
c. Inflate liferaft
d. Muster station to liferaft
38. Having boarded the liferaft, how do you release the painter?
a. Cut it with the safety knife stowed on the exterior of the canopy close to
the painter attachment point
b. Let go the quick release toggle
c. Cut it with the axe provided
d. Wait for it to break as it is provided with a weak link
39. How many buoyant smoke signals are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS A
pack?

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a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. Nil
40. How many buoyant smoke signals are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS B
pack?
a. 1
b. 4
c. 6
d. Nil
41. How many hand held distress flares are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS A
pack?
a. 6
b. 2
c. 4
d. Nil
42. How many hand held distress flares are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS B
pack?
a. 3
b. 2
c. 4
d. Nil
43. How many rocket parachute flares are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS A
pack?
a. 4
b. 6
c. 12
d. Nil
44. How many rocket parachute flares are carried in each liferaft with SOLAS B
pack?
a. 4
b. 6
c. 12

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d. Nil
45. How much food per person is supplied on a liferaft?
a. Not less than 10000 kJ
b. Not less than 5000 kJ
c. Not less than 20000 kJ
d. None - only barley sugar sweets supplied
46. How much water per person is provided in a liferaft equipped with a desalting
apparatus?
a. 1 litre
b. 2.5 litres
c. 5 litres
d. 15 litres
47. How much water per person is provided in a liferaft not equipped with a desalting
apparatus?
a. 1.5 litre
b. 5 litre
c. 2 litre
d. 3 litre
48. How should the hook be released from a davit lowered liferaft?
a. Just prior to reaching the water, the lanyard should be pulled. This sets
the hook which will automatically release once the raft is waterborne
b. Unscrew the shackle pin
c. Wait until the raft is waterborne, then pull the lanyard
d. Cut the weak link on the wire with the axe provided
49. How should the painter of a liferaft which is fitted with a hydrostatic release be
secured to the ship?
a. Secured via a weak link to a secure part of the ship
b. Directly to a secure point on the ship
c. Secured to the part of the hydrostatic release that is designed to break free
d. It should not be secured in any way
50. If conditions permit, which is the best way to board a liferaft that is floating close
to the ship?
a. Use a rope ladder close to the raft to climb down and board

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b. Wearing a lifejacket, jump into the water close to the raft and then swim
to it
c. Jump onto the raft itself
d. Jump into the water close to the raft, without a lifejacket, as this will make
it easier to swim and board the liferaft
51. In the life raft, the manually controlled inside lamp must be capable of working
at minimum for a period of:
a. 12 h
b. 6 h
c. 18 h
d. 24 h
52. On a dark night with a clear atmosphere, the outside manually controlled lamp of
a liferaft is visible at minimum at a distance of:
a. 2 mile
b. 0.5 miles
c. 4 miles
d. 8 miles
53. The breaking strength of the painter in a liferaft permitted to accommodate 15
persons is at least:
a. 10 kN
b. 5 kN
c. 7,5 kN
d. 2.5 kN
54. The main buoyancy chamber of an inflatable liferaft must be divided into:
a. 2 compartments
b. 3 compartments
c. 2 compartments separated by a non-return valve
d. 3 compartments separated by a non-return valve
55. The outside manually controlled lamp of a liferaft must be capable of working
at minimum for a period of:
a. 12 h
b. 8 h
c. 4 h

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d. 24 h
56. The rescue quoit of a liferaft is attached to a buoyant line whose length is at least:
a. 30 m
b. 10 m
c. 5 m
d. 50 m

57. The stability and strength of a liferaft when loaded with its full complement of
persons and equipment is such that it can be towed in calm water at speeds of up
to:
a. 3 knots
b. 5 knots
c. 1 knots
d. 10 knots
58. What equipment is provided in a liferaft to help you keep warm in cold weather?
a. The floor of the raft has a second layer which can be inflated to help
insulation, inaddition to the thermal protective aids (10% of complement,
minimum 2)
b. The floor of the raft has a second layer which can be inflated to give
additional insulation from the cold water
c. At least 10% of the rafts complement with a minimum of 2 thermal
protective aids are provided
d. Thermal protective aids for each person
59. What is a hydrostatic release unit?
a. A unit which automatically releases the liferaft/lifeboat at a depth of
approx 4 metres.
b. A unit which automatically release all securing when abandon the vessel.
c. An important part connected to the sea-anchor.
d. A unit for inflating the liferaft.
60. What is the main characteristic of the weak link in a float-free arrangement for
inflatable liferafts?

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a. be of sufficient strength to permit to pull the painter from the container


and the inflation of the liferaft
b. be of sufficient strength to break at a depth of at least 4 m and release the
liferaft from its berth
c. be of sufficient strength to keep the liferaft alongside the ship when
dragged at a maximum speed of 3 knots
d. be of such a strength to be cut by any person with a jack-knife

61. Which item among those below is included in the normal equipment of every
liferaft ?
a. Two sponges
b. One searchlight which can work continuously for not less than 3 hours
c. Two painters of a length equal to not less than the distance from the
stowage position of the liferaft to the waterline
d. One boat hook
62. Which of the following actions should be done before throwing this type of
inflatable liferaft over the side?
a. Check that the painter is made fast to a secure point and that the sea below
is clear
b. Inflate it on deck and then launch it if clear below
c. Take circular gripes and adhesive tape (see photo) off the container to
enable raft to inflate once in the water. If all clear, throw raft over side
d. Disconnect the painter and launch it, checking that all is clear below
63. Which one of the listed requirements regarding inflatable liferafts corresponds to
present regulations? Every liferaft shall be so constructed that:
a. be prevented from pressure exceeding twice the working pressure, either
by relief valves or by limited gas supply
b. it's canopy has viewing ports in all directions
c. have at least two entrances
d. in the event of capsizing it will automatically attain a position providing
an above water escape
64. Which one of the listed requirements regarding the stowage of liferafts
corresponds to present SOLAS regulations?

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a. Liferafts shall be stowed with its painter permanently attached to the ship
b. Liferafts shall be stowed so that they are not released automatically
c. Liferafts intended for throw-overboard launching shall be stowed
midships secured to means for transfer to either side
d. Davit-launched liferafts shall be stowed on starboard side of the ship

65. Which part of the float-free arrangement for inflatable liferafts is made to provide
a connection between the ship and the liferaft?
a. the painter
b. the weak link
c. the hydrostatic release unit
d. the lashing strap
66. Which part of the float-free arrangement for inflatable liferafts is made to release
the liferaft after being automatically inflated during the ship is sinking?
a. The weak link
b. The painter
c. The hydrostatic release unit
d. The lashing strap
67. You have abandoned ship in a liferaft. Which of the following actions should you
take?
a. Organize a lookout system and join up with other survival craft if
possible. You should also stream the sea anchor
b. Organize a lookout system
c. Start paddling in the direction of the nearest land
d. Join up with any other survival craft and stream the sea anchor
68. *What is the minimum length of the buoyant lifeline that is fitted to a lifebuoy
which is stowed at a distance of 10 metres above the waterline (light condition)?
a. 30 metres
b. 15 metres
c. 20 metres
d. 10 metres
69. *Which one of the following requirements regarding lifebuoys corresponds to
present SOLAS regulations ?

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a. not less than half the total number of lifebuoys shall be provided with self-
ignition lights.
b. at least two lifebuoys on each side of the ship shall be fitted with a buoyant
lifeline
c. all lifebuoys shall be placed in holders with quick-release arrangement
d. at least one lifebuoy shall be placed in the vicinity of the bow
70. A lifebuoy is constructed to withstand a drop into the water from a height of:
a. 30 m
b. 10 m
c. 18 m
d. 4 m
71. A lifebuoy light is capable of working at minimum for a period of, and has a
luminous intensity of:
a. 2 h, 2 candela (about 1,7 mile range at normal meteorological sight)
b. 2 h, 1 candelas (about 1,0 mile range at normal meteorological sight)
c. 4 h, 1 candela (about 1,0 mile range at normal meteorological sight)
d. 4 h, 2 candelas (about 1,7 mile range at normal meteorological sight
72. A lifejacket has sufficient buoyancy and stability to lift the mouth of an
unconscious person at a minimum of:
a. 120 mm above the water (in calm water)
b. 40 mm above the water (in calm water)
c. 160 mm above the water (in calm water)
d. 180 mm above the water (in calm water)
73. A lifejacket is so constructed that a person can correctly don it within a period of:
a. 1 Min
b. 30 Sec
c. 10 Sec
d. 2 Min
74. A lifejacket must not sustain burning or continue melting after being totally
enveloped in a fire for a period of:
a. 2 sec
b. 10 sec
c. 20 sec

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d. 1 mn
75. A lifejacket should be provided with:
a. A whistle and a light
b. A whistle
c. A light
d. On ships built after February 1992 all lifejackets should be fitted with a
light
76. A person wearing a thermal protective aid shall be able:
a. to wear a lifejacket inside
b. to swim a short distance trough the water and board a survival craft
c. to jump into the water from a height of 4.5m
d. to climb up and down a vertical ladder
77. A person wearing an adult lifejacket shall be able:
a. to swim a short distance through the water and board a survival craft
b. to jump from any height into the water without being injured or damaging
the lifejacket
c. to dive half a meter under the water surface
d. to swim half a mile distance and board a survival craft

78. A person wearing an anti-exposure suit shall be able to:


a. perform all duties associated with abandonment, assist others and operate
a rescue boat
b. jump from a height equal to that of the stowage of liferafts arranged to be
thrown overboard
c. dive into the water to the maximum draft of craft that the ship is provided
with
d. don and remove the suit in the water in no more than 5min. if it impairs
ability to swim
79. A person wearing lifejacket or immersion suit, shall be able to turn from a face-
down to a face-up position in not more than:
a. 5 seconds
b. 8 seconds

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c. 10 seconds
d. 15 seconds
80. According to SOLAS, every persons assigned to crew the rescue boat or assigned
to the marine evacuation system party shall be provided with:
a. An immersion suit or an anti-exposure suit
b. An immersion suit
c. An anti-exposure suit
d. An thermal protective aid and a lifejacket
81. An immersion suit is constructed such that it can be unpacked and donned within:
a. 2 min
b. 3 min
c. 4 min
d. 5 min
82. An immersion suit is:
a. Not allowing undue ingress of water after a jump from a heoght of not
less than 4.5 m into the water
b. Totally waterproof whatever may be the condition of immersion
c. Not allowing undue ingress of water after a jump from a height of not less
than 8,5 m into the water
d. Not allowing undue ingress of water after a jump from a height of not less
than 18 m into the water
83. An immersion suit which has its own buoyancy is fitted with:
a. A light plus a whistle
b. A whistle
c. A light
d. A light plus a whistle plus a knife
84. An immersion suit will not sustain burning or continue melting after being totally
enveloped in a fire for a period of:
a. 2 sec
b. 10 sec
c. 20 sec
d. 1 min
85. An inflatable lifejacket has:

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a. 2 separate compartments
b. 1 compartment
c. 3 separate compartments
d. 1 compartment automatically inflatable and 1 compartment manually
inflatable
86. An inflatable lifejacket will inflate:
a. Either automatically on immersion or by a single manual motion or by
mouth
b. Either automatically on immersion or by a single manual motion
c. Either automatically on immersion or by mouth
d. Automatically on immersion
87. Give the meaning of the following symbol:
a. child's lifejacket
b. immersion suit
c. lifejacket
d. muster station for unaccompanied minors (UM)

88. Give the meaning of the following symbole:


a. Lifebuoy with light
b. Lifebuoy with line
c. Life buoy with hand flare
d. Lifebuoy with light and smoke
89. Give the meaning of this symbol:
a. lifebuoy with light and smoke
b. lifebuoy with light and line throwing appliance
c. lifebuoy with light and hand flare
d. lifebuoy with automatic sound signal
90. Give the meaning of this symbol:
a. Lifebuoy
b. Lifebuoy with line
c. Lifebuoy with light
d. Lifebuoy with light and smoke

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91. Give the meaning of this symbol:


a. Lifebuoy with line
b. Lifebuoy with light
c. Lifebuoy with line and smoke
d. Lifebuoy with light and smoke
92. On board a ship, how many lifebuoys can you expect to be fitted with a self-
igniting light ?
a. Half of the total number of lifebuoys provided on board
b. The two lifebuoys of the quick-release system and at least one other in the
vicinity of the stern
c. Only the two life buoys of the quick-release system
d. The total number of lifebuoys provided on board
93. The grabline of a lifebuoy has a length of:
a. 4 times the outer diameter of the lifebuoy
b. 3 times the outer diameter of the lifebuoy
c. 2 times the outer diameter of the lifebuoy
d. 5 times the outer diameter of the lifebuoy
94. the minimum number of lifebuoys required on a cargo ship depends on:
a. the length of the ship
b. the tonnage of the ship
c. the number of persons on board
d. the sea area in which the ship is allowed to sail.
95. Wearing an immersion suit when abandon ship is effective permits the person:
a. to jump from a height of 4.5m into the water without being injured or
damaging the suit
b. not to wear warm clothing because the suit has sufficient insulation
c. not to wear a lifejacket because the suit has sufficient buoyancy
d. to climb up and down vertical ropes
96. What is the meaning of this symbol ?
a. Immersion suit
b. Lifejacket
c. Lifebuoy
d. Child`s lifejacket

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97. What shall a rescue person use if he has to jump into the water in order to assist
a survivor?
a. Survival suit and lifeline
b. Lifejacket
c. Lifeline
d. Survival suit
98. Which of the following features is required for an anti-exposure suit ?
a. is fitted with a light and a whistle
b. is made of such a material that it cannot be torn
c. can be continously worn without impeding every duties to be performed
by the wearer when in normal watch on the bridge
d. is marked with the name of the vessel to which the appliance belongs

99. Which one of the listed requirements regarding life-jackets corresponds to


present SOLAS regulations ? A life-jacket shall be so constructed that:
a. it allows the wearer to jump from height of at least 4.5 m into the water
without injury and without damaging the life-jacket
b. it gives a long term thermal protection
c. it can be correctly donned within 3 minutes without assistance
d. it allows the wearer to jump from any height without injury and without
damaging the life-jacket
100. If conditions permit, which is the best way to board a liferaft which is
floating close to the ship?
a. Use a rope ladder close to the raft to climb down and board
b. Wearing a lifejacket, jump into the water close to the raft and then swim
to it
c. Jump onto the raft itself
d. Jump into the water close to the raft, without a lifejacket, as this will make
it easier to swim and board the liferaft
101. In which way shall a survivor be hauled out of the sea?
a. Horizontal
b. None of the mentioned
c. Vertical

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d. In 45 degree angle
102. The wearer of a lifejacket can jump into the water without injury and
without damaging the jacket from a height of at least:
a. 4,50 m
b. 7 m
c. 10 m
d. 12 m
103. What is the first thing you are doing when having a lifeboat drill?
a. Put on the life jacket
b. Wait for order
c. Enter the lifeboat.
d. Swing out the davit.
104. What is the greatest interest of the "help" position ?
a. It lessens the survivor's heat escape
b. It lessens the survivor's fatigue
c. It lessens the survivor's stress
d. It prevents the survivor's blood from collecting in the lower part of his
body

105. What method shall be used when hauling survivors out of the sea (state
of survivors is critical)?
a. Using nets
b. Using lifebuoy
c. Using heaving line
d. Using painter
106. What will you bring in a lifeboat if the ship is abondoned?
a. Warm clothes, blankets and lifevests.
b. As much biscuit and canned food as possible.
c. All valuables like money, jewelry etc.
d. All pets that will most likely not be able to enter the boat by themselves.
107. What will you do when all the fresh water in the survival craft is finished
or about to finish?
a. Start collecting rain water

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b. Use sea water to keep your body wet


c. Drink only 1 liter of sea water per day
d. Drink Sea water
108. Which of air and water is the fluid that transfers the greatest amount of
heat during the same time, given that the fluid is not flowing along the immersed
body?
a. Water
b. Air
c. Both are transferring equally
d. Air if the temperature of the fluid is 10°C; water if temperature of the
fluid is < 10°C
109. You have abandoned ship in a liferaft. In most cases, which of the
following actions should you generally take?
a. Organise a lookout system. Join up with other survival craft if possible.
Stream the sea anchor
b. Organise a lookout system
c. Start paddling in the direction of the nearest land
d. Join up with any other survival craft and stream the sea anchor

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