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ASSIGNMENT:

POLITICAL AND ECONOMICAL HISTORY OF PAKISTAN

PPP, PMLM, PTI

GROUP MEMBERS:

Zarmeena Asif Bhatti (03)

Fizza Sohail (54)

Maryam Iqbal (13)

Namra Humayun (24)

Shifa Aslam (44)

Ayman Mazhar (35)

SUBMITTED TO:

Mam Ayesha Hanif


THE TENURE OF PAKISTAN PEOPLE’s PARTY 2008-13

General elections 2008:


During the four months starting from the day Benazir Bhutto landed in Pakistan, Oct 18, 2007,
till general election day day, Feb 18, 2008, there were at least 25 suicide attacks that claimed
hundreds of lives including Benazir Bhutto. The 2008 general elections were undoubtedly
amongst the most mysterious ones in the history of Pakistan. General elections were held
in Pakistan on 18 February 2008. Results indicated that the PPP and the PML-N secured the
largest votes in the elections. PPP won the general elections with the high rate of votes. Due to
common mistrust on Pervez Musharraf, the two parties initially formed the coalition
government with Yousaf Raza Gillani as Prime Minister of Pakistan. Within week, the PML-
N left the coalition to lead the movement due to the differences with the PPP on the issues of
reinstatement of the deposed judges and unilateral nomination of Asif Zardari as a presidential
candidate and to restore judiciary; the PPP instead formed a leftist alliance, consisting
of MQM, ANP, and JUI(F). On September 9, 2008, PPP Co-Chairman Asif Ali Zardari takes
oath as the head of state. The oath was administered by Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar at
the Aiwan-i-Sadr.

Military operations against Taliban:


The military launched an operation in Swat against the Pakistani Taliban following orders of the
government. The operation followed a consensus within the country’s political leadership. Later
in June, another operation was launched, this time in the South Waziristan tribal region against
the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP).

Operation Sher-e-Dil ( September 2008):


The Pakistan Army launched Operation Sher-e-Dil on September 9, 2008 in Bajaur Agency to
target all the militant groups that threatened the security of Pakistan. By early December over
1000 militants and 63 security personnel had been killed.

Operation Zalzala (2008-2009):


The Operation Zalzala was a Pakistan Army military operation that was commenced on
January 18 of 2008. On January 20, 2008, the operation was launched. The army swept the area
with AH-1 Cobra helicopters, artillery and Al-Zarrar and Al-Khalid tanks. After months of
heavy unrest, an unknown number of Taliban fighters were killed, and they had left their
positions. Within a first week of February, the army had captured the entire town and the army
was in full control of it. More than 200,000 people were displaced after the announcement of
operation. During the operation, the army troops had discovered bomb factories and schools for
teenage suicide bombers.

Aghaz-e-Haqooq-e-Balochistan:
The Aghaz-e-Huqooq-e-Balochistan package was presented in a Joint Sitting of the Parliament
on November 24, 2009 as a set of proposals to show the issues of Balochistan for discussion ad
adoption by the Parliament and the Federal Government. There was a need for more local control
on resources of Balochistan, regarded as the most backward province but potentially very rich in
oil, gas, gold, copper, zinc, lead reserves. Soon after Pakistan People’s Party government took
over the country, it apologized to people of Balochistan and assured compensation for injustices
of the past.

Seventh National Finance Commission award:


Finance ministers of the four provinces and the federal government signed the Seventh National
Finance Commission Award 30th December,2009. The 7th NFC Award was able to move
toward multiple criteria for sharing, leading to higher per capita transfers to the more backward
provinces.

President Zardari signed the Protection Against Harassment of Women at Workplace Bill,
2010, aimed at providing a safe working environment to women. After this bill , the women got
the right to raise their voice against sexual assault and harassment.

18th Amendement:
The National Assembly passed the 18th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan on
8th April,2010. Features are the following:
 The power of president to dissolve the assembly was finished.

 The name of the former president of Pakistan, Gen Zia, has been removed from the text
of Constitution

 North-West Frontier Province was renamed as Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

 The ban on third time prime minister ship and chief minister ship has been lifted

 A judicial commission will recommend the appointment procedure of superior judges and
the final names of judges will be decided by parliamentary commission

 A Chief Election Commissioner will be appointed through consensus between treasury


and opposition

 Establishment of Islamabad high court and benches of high courts in Mingora and Turbat
 Recognition of the children's right to education and insertion of a new section under
Article 25A to provide constitutional guarantee that state will provide free and
compulsory education to all girls and boys up to age 16

• Reinstatement of Judiciary:
Though Zardari promised to reinstate the judiciary, however, his Government took no practical
step in this regard until and unless the masses and the civil society of the country forced him to
do so.

1- Long March 2009:


In March 2009 the lawyers, civil society and opposition parties under the leadership of Nawaz
Sharif started a long march from Lahore to Islamabad. The massive support for the march forced
Zardari and his government take a decision which they otherwise were not interested in taking.
Prime Minister Gillani promised to reinstate Iftikhar Chaudhry as the Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court by 21, March, 2009. Fifty Six other judges of the Supreme Court and different
High Courts were also restored. After the restoration of the judiciary, Zardari and his team had to
face a lot of problems. The independent judiciary was a big hurdle in the way of Zardari and PPP
government to do things freely. The biggest boon of contention between the judiciary and the
executive was the NRO case and the issue of reopening the Swiss cases against Zardari.

2- 17th & 18th Amendment:


In spite of Zardari’s promise to do it at the earliest, it took him and his government more than
two long years to undo the 17th Amendment in the Constitution of 1973. The critics believe that
Zardari actually was not interested in giving all the powers back to the parliament and that was
the reason that he decided to become President of the Country in a parliamentary system. On the
contrary, his supporters believe that such decisions should not be taken in haste. The fact of the
matter is that 18th Amendment in the Constitution was passed by the parliament on April 18,
2010 and Parliamentary Democracy was once again restored in the country. However, in spite of
the passage of 18th Amendment, Zardari as the President of the country remained the power hub.
No decision was taken by the PPP government before the prior approval of the Zardari. He failed
to act as the non-partisan representative of the Federation and continued presiding the meetings
of his party in the President House. It was once again due to the interference of the judiciary that
he was stopped from using the Presidency for political activities during the last days of his
tenure. Under the 18th Constitutional Amendment the government has given much demanded
provincial autonomy to the provinces by abolishing the Concurrent List from the constitution.
Another major achievement was unanimous passage of the 7th National Finance Commission
Award, which was long overdue. This step gave new strength to the federation.

• Foreign Policy:
Both before and after the passage of the 18th Amendment, Zardari was in the forefront in
running the foreign affairs of the country. He attended all the meetings with the other head of the
governments, which otherwise was the duty of the head of the government in Pakistan, i.e. the
Prime Minister, to attend. It was he who tried to resume the peace talks with India, visited China
and tried to negotiate with Afghanistan and the United States. However, no major breakthrough
in this regard can be attributed to his credit.

• Law and Order Situation:


During Zardari’s tenure as the president of the country, the law and order situation deteriorated,
bomb blasts were a regular routine, secretariat violence increased and street crimes in the big
cities, especially Karachi reached their zenith. In spite of the passage of joint resolution by the
parliament against the drone attacks, the practice continued.

• Economic Reforms:
PPP’s argument that it assumed power when the country’s economy was in shambles and
the whole world was in the grip of a huge financial crisis is true. But its claim that it did as much
for the welfare of the masses as it could by remaining within its economic limitation, can be
disputed.They also recount the unprecedented floods devastations in 2010 and massive rains in
2011, which had inundated most parts of Punjab and Sindh, and say they did not roll back their
economic reforms and welfare agenda despite these challenges and refer to various programs
launched for the poor like Benazir Income Support Program and Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal.

1. Devolution of concurrent list:


They claimed that following the deletion of Concurrent List from the Constitution and
devolution of over a dozen federal ministries to provinces, the funds at the disposal of federal
government had reduced considerably but even then the government had continued with its
economic reforms agenda.

2. Stance on Terrorism:
Above all, the PPP along with its coalition partners fully supported the Armed Forces of
the country to turn the tide on the terrorists as the menace of terrorism has been controlled to a
great extent. Swat Operation was the perfect example of it where both the Army and political
elite had flushed out the militants and restored peace and order in the area.

3. Energy Crises:
Energy crisis Country has been facing acute shortage of energy and the crisis went on
compounding during the PPP rule. The government is right in their contention that it was a
legacy of the Musharraf era, but now at the culmination of their mandated constitutional term
one could find no serious effort on part of the ruling alliance to come up with either short or long
term solution to the problem. The measures taken by the government to overcome the problem
were either ill-planned or were littered with corruption so the end result was worsening of the
situation and right now the whole nation is facing acute shortage of not only electricity but of gas
as well. The power situation can be assessed from the fact that even now in winter when usually
the electricity supply would remain normal; we are experiencing unscheduled load shedding.
Mismanagement and corruption.

4. Nationalization:
The mishandling of the state run institutions and autonomous corporations like PIA, Steel
Mills, Railways and others had added to the financial woes of the government. On all the top
slots in these major corporations the government appointed their blue-eyed people who ruined
these entities and public money kept on bleeding profusely. The government turned a blind eye
to the rampant corruption going on in the state-owned corporations and departments, and that
was why they neither showed interest in strengthening the National Accountability Bureau nor
did they brought new accountability law. Similarly, an ill-planned devolution of power to the
provinces created quite serious problems in the sectors of education, health and agriculture.
Critics say that as per the statistics of World Bank and IMF the poverty had increased in the
country and millions of middle and lower middle class people had slipped down the poverty line.
Moreover, as per the international statistics, the incumbent government took record loans from
local banks while the overall loans of the country had doubled in just four and a half years rule of
PPP.

MAJOR POLITICAL EVENTS IN 2013:


• January 2013, Pakistan bombings:
On 10 January 2013, several bombings took place in the capital of Baluchistan province
Quetta. A total of three bombs exploded in Quetta, one in the morning and the other two in the
evening. The first bomb, went off in the commercial area of the city near a public plaza and
killed 12 and injured 47 people. The second and third deadly attack came later in the evening,
one when a suicide bomber blew himself up followed by a car bombing outside when the police
and media had arrived at the scene. The bombing was responsible for the first deaths of
journalists in Pakistan in 2013.

• Dismissal of Baluchistan Government in 2013:


The Baluchistan government was dismissed on January 14 2013, and the fate of the
government of Aslam Raisani was decided in a meeting which was presided by President Zardari
thus, governor rule was imposed in the province. This action was taken due to the bombings in
Quetta that killed more than 100 people.

• Supreme court decision on Rental Power Case:


On 15 January 2013, the supreme court directed authorities to arrest all those accused in
the Rental Power Project Case. The bench ordered the arrest of 16 people. Raja Pervez Ashraf
was among the accused. He was accused of receiving kickbacks and commission in the case as
minister for water and power.

• Gwadar port

On 18 February 2013, the government formally awarded a multi-billion dollars contract


for construction and operation of Gwadar Port which is a commercial venture with China. The
port is to boost economic and trade relations with China and it will open new routes of
development in Pakistan, particularly in Baluchistan.

• Pakistan, Iran break ground on pipeline project:

On 11 March 2013, President Asif Ali Zardari and Iranian President Mahmud
Ahmadinejad officially inaugurated the construction of a delayed gas pipeline from Iran to
Pakistan worth 7.5 billion dollars. The inauguration took place despite the opposition of USA.
The completion of the pipeline was of economic, peace, security and collective interest of both
the countries.

 Threat to Malala Yousafzai:


Taliban issued new death threat against 16-year-old Malala Yousafzai if she returned to
Pakistan

• Caretaker Government 2013:


The National Assembly completed its tenure on 16 March 2013, so the general elections
2013 will be held in April or May. A caretaker government will be installed and the final
decision will be taken by the president Zardari regarding the appointment of the caretaker
government. It was a historic landmark in the country that a democratic government would
complete its constitutional tenure for the first time. Mir Hazar Khan Khoso was appointed as a
caretaker prime minister on 24 March 2013 to lead the government until May 11 until national
elections are to be held. Pakistan’s Chief Election Commissioner Fakhruddin Ibrahim made the
official announcement.
i. Journalist, media personality Najam Sethi was appointed caretaker Chief Minister
Punjab on 26 March 2013.

ii. Zahid Qurban Alvi was appointed the caretaker Chief Minister Sindh on 21
March 2013.

iii. Justice (r) Tariq Pervaiz was as caretaker Chief Minister KPK and became the
first caretaker ahead of general elections on 20 March 2013.

iv. Ghous Bakhsh Barozai on 23 March 2013 was appointed as caretaker Chief
Minister Baluchistan.

• 2013 General Elections:


General elections were held in Pakistan on 11 May 2013 to elect the members of the 14th
National Assembly and to the four provincial assemblies. Elections were held in all four
provinces, Islamabad's federal capital territory and in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.
The remaining two territories of Pakistan, the Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, were ineligible
to vote due to their disputed status. After the announcement of caretaker government, the parties
including PPP, PTI PMLN started their election campaign and focused on different interest
groups, PTI on the youth, PML-N on the right constituency, PPP on liberal classes. There was
pre-election and election day violence on the basis of many grounds.

i. International monitor recommendations:


The National Democratic Institution have stated the elections will be a "historical
transition." The European Union offered to send its observers to Pakistan's elections, to ensure
peaceful elections acceptable to all. The US Ambassador stated that the US applauds democratic
tendencies in Pakistan, and hopes that free and fair general elections would lead to peaceful
transfer of authority.

ii. Results:
The Election Commission results were broadcast by news channels announcing that the
PMLN had emerged as the largest party, winning four times as many seats as its nearest
competitor, the PPP. The PMLN ranks were boosted into an overall majority by 19 independent
winning candidates who switched allegiance to the PMLN. The PPP emerged as the second
largest party and the PTI as third largest party.

• Evaluation:
PPP had managed to benefit the industry and the economy of the country drastically.
Terrorism had decreased, employment levels had increased, the country’s economy started to
boom and so on. Although there were numerous downfalls caused due to the decisions taken by
PPP, they tried their best to counter these downfalls with new policies and projects.

THE TENURE OF PMLN 2013-2108


Third time as prime minister:
Nawaz Sharif was sworn in for an unprecedented third term on 7 June 2013 after the
resounding election victory of the PML-N. After being sworn in, he faced numerous challenges,
including bringing an end to US drone strikes and Taliban attacks while also tackling a crippled
economy. Speculation was rife that the new government may need a bailout from the IMF to
restore economic stability.

General elections were held in Pakistan on Wednesday 25 July, after the completion of a
five-year term by the outgoing government. At the national level, elections were held in 270
constituencies, each electing one member to the National Assembly. At the provincial level,
elections were held in each of the four provinces to elect Members of the Provincial Assemblies
(MPA).

As a result of the elections, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) became the single largest
party at the national level both in terms of popular vote and seats. At the provincial level, the PTI
remained the largest party in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP); the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)
remained the largest party in Sindh and the newly-formed Balochistan Awami Party (BAP)
became the largest party in Balochistan. In Punjab, a hung parliament prevailed with Pakistan
Muslim League (N) (PML-N) emerging as the largest party in terms of directly elected seats by a
narrow margin. However, following the joining of many independent MPAs into the PTI, it
became the largest party and formed the government.

Opinion polling prior to campaigning had consistently shown leads for the Pakistan
Muslim League (N) (PML-N) over the PTI. From an 11-point lead, the PML-N's lead began to
diminish in the final weeks of the campaign, with some polls close to the election showing PTI
with a lead. In the final result, the PTI made a net gain with 31.82% of the vote (its highest share
of the vote since its foundation), whilst the PML-N made a net loss with 24.35%. In the lead-up
to the elections, there had been allegations by some international journalists and scholars about
pre-poll rigging being conducted by the judiciary, the military and the intelligence agencies to
sway the election results in favour of the PTI and against the PML-N. Almost all parties,
excluding Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, alleged large-scale vote rigging and administrative
malpractices.

However, Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) out rightly rejected such reports and
stated that elections were conducted fair and free. A top electoral watchdog, Free and Fair
Election Network also said that the 2018 general elections in Pakistan have been “more
transparent in some aspects” than the previous polls. The European Union Election Observation
Mission said, in its preliminary report, that no rigging has been found during the Election Day in
general, however, "lack of equality of opportunity" in the pre-election campaign, and there were
systematic attempts to undermine the ruling party PML-N. The European Union assessed the
conduct of polling on Election Day as "transparent’.

Imran khan’s protest against general election: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chairman
Imran Khan vowed on Friday to start protests against what he claimed was widespread rigging in
the 2013 general elections from May 11, a year after the watershed polls that saw his party rise to
power in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and become the third largest party by seats in the national
assembly. Addressing a rally in Islamabad to mark PTI’s 18 years, Imran announced the party’s
decision to begin a fresh round of protests for a free and fair election commission.“Iftikhar
Chaudhry, you were also involved in this match fixing,” he said, accusing the former chief
justice of Pakistan of being complicit in the election rigging.

“On May 11, we will begin our protest to struggle for a transparent election process,”
Khan said, adding that a free and fair election commission was absolutely necessary for a healthy
democracy. He added that the subversion of the electoral process was a violation of Article 6 of
the Constitution. “We had accepted the election, but we have not accepted the rigging,” he said,
adding that those who were involved in the rigging should be exposed and brought to justice.
“For the sake of the constitution, for the sake of democracy and for the sake of our children’s
future we will start this movement on May 11 and we will not stop no matter what we have to
sacrifice. “We will approach the current Supreme Court and request them to fix the electoral
process,” he said. He welcomed all political parties who thought the last general elections were
not fair to become part of PTI’s protest movement. Khan had initially named his planned protest
march the "Tsunami march", but he later changed its name to "Azadi march" (or "Freedom
march") because its start date—14 August—coincided with Pakistan's 67th Independence Day.
The PTI chairman called the march the final phase and defining moment of his party's protest of
electoral rigging of the 2013 elections. He announced his plan to march with a million other
protesters to the nation's capital in Islamabad to protest prime minister Nawaz Sharif's
illegitimate government, prompting analysts to call the protest the "Million March". Khan
assured the government that the march, culminating in a sit-in, would be peaceful.

After Khan announced his plans, Islamic cleric Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri's Pakistan
Awami Tehreek (PAT) party also announced a similar march. The PAT named their march
"Inqilab march" to avoid confusion with the PTI protest, and it was speculated that the marches
might merge. Although Qadri initially refused to join Khan's protest and considered changing the
date and venue of his march, he later announced that his march would proceed on the same day.
The announcement of the informal alliance and parallel marches increased pressure on the PML-
N government to restrict the parties.
The protest caravan, numbering thousands, marched towards Islamabad along the Grand
Trunk Road. Although Khan had warned the federal and Punjab governments to ensure the
safety of the cavalcade, when PML-N workers threw stones at the caravan in Gujranwala and
guns were allegedly fired PTI leaders expressed concern that PML-N workers were aided by the
Punjab police.

The march began at Zaman Park in Lahore on 14 August 2014, reaching Aabpara Chowk
and D-Chowk in Islamabad. The protests quickly turned violent quickly, and Khan and Tahir-ul-
Qadri marched towards Parliament House and local news-channel offices late on 30 August. Geo
alleged that the protesters attacked their media outlet. It became apparent that the government
used excessive force against the media, especially ARY News, Samaa TV, Express News, and
Dunya News (known to be sympathetic to the opposition). Clashes led to violence by law-
enforcement authorities. Violent clashes erupted in other cities, with as many as 13 protesters
dead at the hands of police and several police officers injured.

The army issued a statement calling for restraint by the police. Four senior police officers
(three men and one woman) resigned from the Islamabad and Punjab police, alleging police
brutality. The protesters neared the prime minister's residence, and pressure mounted on Sharif
when the police (especially in Islamabad) seemed to openly defy the government order.

On 17 December, Khan announced the cancellation of the protest in response to the


Peshawar school attack. "Due to the situation in the country right now, we have decided to end
our protests, decision had been made in light of the terrorist attack on a school in Peshawar ... the
country need national unity"

Economiv Policies:
Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan’s new prime minister, will appoint private sector managers to run state
companies in efforts to revive an economy starved of investment, say leaders of his party. Mr.
Sharif, who has been prime minister twice before, launched a similar policy in 1997 when he
appointed commercial bankers to run three large public sector banks. All three became profitable
and two, Habib Bank and United Bank, were privatized. The plan faces a backlash from trade
unions. Mr. Sharif’s aides compared the process to the privatizations in the UK by Margaret
Thatcher after she became prime minister in 1979. Sartaj Aziz, former finance and foreign
minister and a leader of Mr. Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, told the Financial Times:
“The formula is simple. You appoint good people, you allow them to appoint their people and
you empower them. The government helps wherever it can.” Officials said Ishaq Dar, a
confidant of Mr. Sharif, would take up his former post of finance minister in the new
government. Final results have yet to be declared but business leaders have welcomed a vote that
will probably allow Mr. Sharif, a wealthy Punjabi steel magnate, to have an absolute majority in
parliament without the need for coalition partners. Investors in Pakistan said they were tired of
grappling with power cuts of up to 20 hours a day, widespread corruption in public life and an
inefficient public sector. Mr. Sharif has identified rescuing the economy as his number one
priority. A central bank official said public sector companies in power, rail transport and aviation
run up huge losses each year amounting to more than 2.5 per cent of gross domestic product.
“These are clearly white elephants,” he said. Mian Muhammad Mansha, the Lahore-based owner
of a Pakistani conglomerate who is reputed to be the country’s richest man, approvingly quoted a
reference to Thatcher as a “modern Joan of Arc” and said Pakistan needed structural reforms
similar to hers. “First you need to get all these public sector companies out of government
control,” he said. “This will release so much money that they are losing and it will make politics
clean.” The 1997 bank plan saw Mr. Sharif’s government dismiss some 20,000 employees who
were all given large redundancy payments. The current reform plan may meet resistance not only
from unions but from politicians who are used to arranging contracts for their businesses from
public sector companies. The formula is simple. You appoint good people, you allow them to
appoint their people and you empower them. The government helps wherever it can Sartaj Aziz,
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz “Mr. Sharif will have to keep his own politicians under control
if he wants his plan to succeed. In the past, many have thrived on patronage,” said Suhail
Jehangir Malik, an economist. “Public sector companies are a huge drain on our national
economy. Reforming them must be a primary objective for the new government.” The plan is
likely to win support from international donors, including the International Monetary Fund,
which is expecting to begin negotiations shortly on a new $9bn loan to stave off a balance of
payments crisis. Pakistan’s foreign reserves are equivalent to the value of two months of imports.
“The problem with Pakistan is both macroeconomic weakness and long-term structural issues,”
said one person involved in preliminary talks with the interim government in power over the
election period. “Given the severity of the economic problems, we do need to have a government
that is going to undertake quite serious economic reforms.” Under a so-called extended fund
facility of up to four years, Pakistan would be expected to cut its budget deficit by increasing tax
revenues, directing subsidies more accurately towards the poor and introducing policies to
encourage foreign direct investment.

Foreign policy:
Nawaz Sharif upon taking oath as the Prime Minister launched 'peaceful neighborhood'
initiative to improve ties with neighboring countries of India, Afghanistan, Iran and China. On
12 May 2014, Sharif met Iranian President Hassan Rouhani amid tensions between the two
neighbors following the kidnapping in February 2014 of five Iranian soldiers by extremists who
took them across the border into Pakistan.

China
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang was the first world leader to visit Pakistan and congratulate
Sharif on his victory in 2013 elections, upon return to Beijing Chinese Premier announced
investment of $31.5 billion in Pakistan mainly in countries energy, infrastructure and port
expansion for Gwadar. According to The Express Tribune initially projects worth $15–20 billion
will be started which include Lahore-Karachi motorway, Gwadar Port expansion and energy
sector projects will be launched in Gadani and six coal projects near Thar coalfield. The
newspaper further claimed that the government has also handed over to Pakistan Army the task
of providing fool-proof security to Chinese officials in Balochistan, Pakistan in a bid to address
Beijing's concerns and execute the investment plan in the province, which will get 38% of the
funds. On 8 November 2014, Sharif led delegation to Beijing inked 20 agreements amounting to
Chinese investment reportedly worth about $46 billion. Sharif also announced Pakistan's help for
China with its fight against East Turkestan Islamic Movement. On 24 June 2015 and again on 1
April 2016 China blocked India's move in the United Nations to ban Jaish-e-Mohammed chief
Masood Azhar, the Chinese action was in "consultation" with Pakistan. On 25 June 2016,
Pakistan become full member of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. On 4 September 2016,
Pakistan's cabinet has given the go-ahead for negotiating a long-term defence agreement with
China.

India
Sharif inherited the country with Geo-political challenges, with the U.S withdrawal and
election of new leadership in Afghanistan and the election of Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister
of India . Upon controlling office Sharif promised good relations with all its neighbors, he
launched trade talks with India with promise of liberalizing trade relationship. Sharif met
Manmohan Singh on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2013
however no major agreement was reached. Sharif took significant steps are to improve relations,
in particular the consensus on the agreement of Non-Discriminatory Market Access on
Reciprocal Basis (NDMARB) status for each other, which will liberalize trade however on 26
March 2014 The Times of India reported that Pakistan military has pressurized Sharif to stop any
trade liberalization with India. Sharif telephoned Narendra Modi on 16 May 2014 and
congratulated him on BJP's "impressive" victory in the general elections in India. During his
conversation, Sharif invited Modi to visit Pakistan, becoming among the first leaders to do so.
Sharif also attended the inauguration of Modi on 26 May 2014. It was the first time since the two
countries won independence in 1947 that a prime minister from one state attended such a
ceremony in the other. After the meeting, the two counterparts agreed to enhance co-operation in
the field of trade. On Friday 5 September, Sharif sent a total of 15 cases of mangoes to Modi and
other Indian leadership as an attempt to 'sweeten the relationship' By 8 October, 20 civilians
were killed and thousands forced to flee their homes after Pakistani and Indian security forces
started heavy shelling, both sides blamed the other for the shooting. On 20 November 2014,
Sharif blamed India for having an inflexible approach towards the resolution of Kashmir dispute.
According to Barkha Dutt during the SAARC Summit 2015, Sharif and Modi held a secret hour
long meeting, which was hidden from the media. On 10 December 2015, in a major
breakthrough, Pakistan and India announced that they were resuming the dialogue on
outstanding issues, ending a two-year long stalemate, the decision came during Sushma Swaraj's
visit to Islamabad to attend the Heart of Asia ministerial conference. On 1 April 2015, Narendra
Modi made a surprise stopover in Lahore to meet Sharif on his birthday, his first visit to
Pakistan. Modi and Nawaz held a brief meeting at the latter's Raiwind Palace. This was the first
time an Indian premier visited Pakistan in more than a decade. Modi also attended wedding
ceremony of Sharif's granddaughter.

Balochistan's Home Minister Sarfraz Bugti announced on 25 March 2016 that they have
arrested an Indian naval intelligence officer working for Research and Analysis Wing. The
person named Kulbushan Yadav was allegedly involved in financially supporting terrorists and
also confessed to his involvement in Karachi unrest. The same day through a statement the
India's Ministry of External Affairs claimed that the individual has no link with government
since his premature retirement from Indian Navy. India also demanded consular access for him.
On 29 March 2016, Sharif government released a six-minute video of Yadav apparently
confessing to RAW's involvement in the country. On 1 April 2016, Pakistan confirmed that
security agencies have arrested several suspects who are believed to be working for the India's
R&AW.

2016 Indian Kashmir unrest


Relations between India and Pakistan escalated with the killing of Burhan Wani by
Indian security forces on 8 July 2016. After his killing, anti-Indian protests started in all 10
districts of the Kashmir Valley. Protesters defied curfew with attacks on security forces and
public properties. The unrest led to a standstill in bilateral relations. Indian Home Minister
Rajnath Singh accused Pakistan of backing unrest in Kashmir. The tension's reached a boiling
point on when militants attacked an army base in the Indian-controlled side of Kashmir and
killed 18 soldiers, setting off a war of words between Pakistan and India. Indian army military
operations head Lieutenant-General Ranbir Singh claimed that there was evidence the attackers
were members of an Islamist militant group in Pakistan. Addressing the UNGA session on 22
September 2016, Sharif demanded an independent inquiry and a UN fact-finding mission to
investigate extrajudicial killing and brutalities perpetrated by security forces in Indian occupied
Kashmir. We demand immediate release of all Kashmiri political prisoners; an end to the curfew;
freedom for the Kashmiris to demonstrate peacefully; urgent medical help for the injured; and
abrogation of India's draconian laws

Afghanistan
Sharif greeted Afghan President Ashraf Ghani on 15 November 2014 and pledged his
support to the Afghan president over his attempt to bring the Taliban to the negotiating table. Al
Jazeera reported that 'the leaders also pledged to begin a new era of economic co-operation, with
Ghani saying three days of talks had ended 13 years of testy relations'. The two countries also
signed a trade deal aimed at doubling trade between the Kabul and Islamabad to $5 billion by
2017, while the two countries also pledged to work together on a power import project and
Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline. During the visit Sharif and Ghani also watched a cricket match
between the two countries. During the start of June 2016, cross-border shootings between
Afghan and Pakistani forces left three people dead after tensions escalated over Pakistan's
construction of fence's across the Durand Line. On 20 June 2016, Pakistan completed the
construction of a 1,100-kilometre-long trench along Pak-Afghan border in Balochistan.

United States
At the invitation of Barack Obama, Sharif paid an official visit to Washington, D.C. from
20 to 23 October 2013, marking the commitment of both leaders to strengthen US-Pakistan
relations and advance shared interests in a stable, secure, and prosperous Pakistan and region,
read a press release of White House. Voice of America reported that as a sign of improvement in
the ties, the US decided to release more than $1.6 billion in military and economic aid to
Pakistan that was suspended when relations between the two countries soured over the covert
raid that killed al-Qaida head Osama bin Laden inside Pakistan in 2011. On Pakistan's request
the United States temporarily stopped drone strikes in north-western Pakistan. In March 2016, as
one of his many foreign policy successes, the United States Senate blocked a bid to derail the
sale of F-16 Falcons to Pakistan by Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker,
who continued to vow to block the use of US funds to finance the deal. We will extend every
help to Pakistan so that it can eliminate terror from its soil. McCain travelled to Pakistan on 26
July 2016 to meet civilian and military leaders and to discuss counterterrorism efforts in the
region. In an OpEd for the Financial Times, McCain called upon US and Pakistani leaders not to
"allow ambivalence and suspicion to fester", adding that "common interests in counterterrorism,
nuclear security and regional stability are too important and too urgent". He also called the
Obama administration to "make clear its enduring commitment to Pakistan's stability and
economic growth." McCain also visited Miramshah in North Waziristan. Republican
Congressmen Ted Poe and Dana Rohrabacher moved a bill in the US Congress on 21 September
to designate Pakistan as a State Sponsor of Terrorism. Three days later, United States Senator
John McCain assured former Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari that a bill currently before the
US Senate for branding Pakistan a "sponsor of terrorism" will not succeed. McCain emphasized
that the legislation should not be seen as a deterioration of the US-Pakistan relations since the
sponsors of the resolution were a small minority within the Senate. Sharif called Donald Trump
on 1 December to congratulate him on his election to the White House. During the conversation,
Trump praised Pakistan's prime minister and its people. The statement released by Sharif's office
quoted Trump as terming Sharif as a "terrific guy", adding that Pakistan is a "fantastic country,
fantastic place". Trump Tower put out a statement saying the two sides "had a productive
conversation about how the United States and Pakistan will have a strong working relationship in
the future." On 3 December 2016, Dawn reported that a consensus US National Defense
Authorization Act for fiscal year 2017 was set to be approved by the United States Congress
which would recognize Pakistan as a key strategic partner and pledges more than $900 million in
economic and other assistance to the country, but the bill also conditions $450 million from this
assistance to a certification from the US Defence Secretary that Pakistan is committed to fighting
all terrorist groups, including the Haqqani network.

Europe
Sharif visited London on 30 April 2014 and met David Cameron; he also met the Deputy
Prime Minister, the Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, Defence Secretary, Secretary of State for
International Development and delivered a keynote address at the Pakistan Investment
Conference. According to a press release issued by 10 Downing Street, the two leaders agreed to
work together to support the Pakistan's implementation of critical economic reforms, particularly
to increase the tax to GDP ratio towards 15% and welcomed the developing relationship between
the Federal Board of Revenue and HM Revenue and Customs to support this. Sharif attended the
2014 Nuclear Security Summit, addressing the conference he claimed that Pakistan attaches
highest importance to nuclear security because it is directly linked to our national security.
Pakistan is a responsible nuclear weapons state. We pursue a policy of nuclear restraint, as well
as credible minimum deterrence. On 11 November 2014, Sharif visited Berlin where he met with
the German Chancellor Angela Merkel, according to Deutsche Welle, during the meeting Sharif
argued a case for more German investment particularly in the energy sector, but Merkel
expressed wariness over the security situation in Pakistan.

Muslim world
Bahrain's ruler King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa started a three-day official visit to
Pakistan on 18 March 2014, becoming the first visit of the King of Bahrain to Pakistan in four
decades, during the trip the two sides signed six agreements hoping to draw investment from the
oil-rich Gulf country. Sharif supported the Saudi-led intervention in Bahrain and in his visit to
Saudi Arabia he reassured that he would "help devise a new battle plan for Saudi intervention in
the country. Saudi Arabia. Sharif is said to enjoy exceptionally close ties with senior members of
the Saudi royal family. Pakistan Today reported on 2 April 2014 that Pakistan will sell JF-17
Thunder jets to Saudi Arabia, after the kingdom had given a grant of $1.5 billion to Pakistan in
early 2014. Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud arrived in Pakistan on
15 February to meet Sharif where he vowed to enhance work between the two countries towards
common issues to serve their both their interests regionally and internationally. Sharif travelled
to Saudi Arabia to spend the last 10 days of Ramadan. King Abdullah said on 26 July that Saudi
Arabia would always stand by Pakistan, its leadership and people, after an hour-long meeting
with Sharif at his Riyadh. Sharif also met Muqrin bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, while Salman bin
Abdulaziz Al Saud refereed Pakistan as his 'second home'

Al-Monitor reported on 15 March 2015 that the Salman of Saudi Arabia wanted firm
assurances from Sharif that Pakistan would align itself with Saudi Arabia and its Sunni Arab
allies against Iran, especially in the proxy war now underway in Yemen. Salman specifically
wanted a Pakistani military contingent to deploy to the kingdom to help defend the vulnerable
borders, Sharif has reluctantly decided not to send troops to Saudi Arabia for now. Sharif
promised closer counter-terrorism and military co-operation but no troops for the immediate
future. On 11 January 2016, Time claimed that Pakistan is caught between Iran and Saudi
Arabia. In their first foreign trips this year, a high level delegation including Adel al-Jubeir and
Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud travelled to Islamabad to seek Pakistan's inclusion in the 34-
country "Islamic military alliance", however Sharif struck a more conciliatory tone, suggesting
that Islamabad was willing to play the role of mediator between Saudi Arabia and Iran. On 19
January 2016, Sharifs of Pakistan (Nawaz Sharif and Chief of Army Staff Raheel Sharif)
embarked on a peace mission to Riyadh and Tehran to try to reduce the tensions between two
countries which started with the execution of Sheikh Nimr. On 16 March 2016, Zee News,
claimed that Saudi Arabia is creating a military alliance of Islamic countries on the lines of the
NATO, asking Pakistan to lead the proposed alliance.

Operations for removal of terrorism:


It will be rightly to say that terrorism is being controlled by the actions undergone by military
forces and parliamentary forces. To control terrorism government not only chartered National
Action plan but also some major events that are

Zarb- e- Azeb

Rudd-ul- fasad

Karachi operation

Reaction for Aps attack

National action plan

KARACHI OPERATION:
At the time of launching the Karachi operation in September 2013 just after the third
month as PML-N government came into power and fifth PPP government in Sindh. And at the
time of school attack in Peshawar the targeted operation was in its second year in Karachi.
Launched in September 2013 and leaded by enforcement agencies with parliamentary rangers
playing a key role, Karachi operation has been targeting terrorists, militant wings of various
political parties as well as criminal syndicates.

APS ATTACK:
Terrorists attack army public school in Peshawar on 16 December 2014, killing over
130 children. Following the attack Shareef with consultation with all other political parties
devised a 20point national action plan which included continued execution of convicted terrorist,
establishment of special military courts for two years and regulation of madrasas.

NATIONAL ACTION PLAN:


Based on national action plan, government arrested 32,347 people on different
charges in 28,826 operations conducted across the country from 24 december 2014 to 25 March
2015. During the same period, Pakistan deported 18,855 Afghan refugees while the federal
investigation agency registered 64 cases for money transfer through Hawala, arrested 83 people
and recovered Rs. 101.7 million. In total 351 actionable calls were received on the anti-terror
helpline and national database and registration authority verified total 59.47 million SIMs. On 28
March, 2016 a suicide attack by the Jamaat ul Ahrar at a park in Lahore killed 70 people on the
evening of easter Sunday. Analysts believed that sharif’s desire to maintain stability in Punjab
led him to turn a blind eye towards group operating in Punjab. Following the attack Pakistan
rounded up more than 5,000 suspects and arresting 216 people.

The government along with all mainstream political parties and of course nation launched the
Operation ZARB E AZEB to kill the militancy. After sometime of its launched the tragedy of
Peshawar school, zarb-e-azeb got boast under the umbrella of national action plan. Under the
leadership of prime minister Nawaz Shareef and Gen. Raheel Sharee, State of Pakistan maintains
its writ across the tribal areas. So Zarb e azeb achieve its goal of killing militants. Rest of world
was praising Pakistan.

Operation RADD-UL- FASAD is the next phase of zarb e azeb i.e ending of the narrative of
militancy and terrorism. And for those who create disturbance on the land of Pakistan by
creating discrimination.

Projects and Schemes:


The PML-N government initiated a number of projects and schemes especially for youth.
Some of these listed below;

• CPEC

• CM&PM Laptop scheme

• Yellow Cab scheme

• Prime Minister’s Youth Business Loan scheme

• Orange-line Train project in lahore


• Metro Train project (in Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi)

• Prime Minister’s Education Reforms Programme (PMERP)

• Safe City Projects (Dolphin police)

• Prime Minister’s National Health Programme(free health facilities)

• Women On Wheels(WOW) project

• Danish Schools Project

• Youth Empowerment Programme

• Drug Testing Laboratory Automation Programme

• PEEF Scholarship programme

Economic Performance:

CPEC:
China–Pakistan Economic Corridor also known by the CPEC is a collection of infrastructure
projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan. Originally valued at $46
billion, the value of CPEC projects is worth $62 billion as of 2017. CPEC is intended to rapidly
modernize Pakistani infrastructure and strengthen its economy by the construction of modern
transportation networks, numerous energy projects, and special economic zones. On 13
November 2016, CPEC became partly operational when Chinese cargo was transported overland
to Gwadar Port for onward maritime shipment to Africa and West Asia, while some major power
projects were commissioned by late 2017. This agreement was done by PMLN and China.

METRO BUS:
The Lahore Metro bus is a bus rapid transit service operating in Lahore Punjab, Pakistan.
Lahore Metro bus service is integrated with Lahore Transport Company's local bus service to
operate as one urban transport system, providing seamless transit service across Lahore District
with connections to neighboring suburban communities. The Lahore Metro bus was designed to
be opened in stages, with the first stage opening on 11 February 2013 stretching from Gajumata
to Shahadra. The 27 km stretch was opened during a ceremony by Punjab Chief Minister
Shahbaz Sharif along with Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey Bekir Bozdağ. The second and third
stages have been put on hold, as proposals have been put forth to convert the remaining stages to
light rail. The Orange Line of the Lahore Metro was initially planned as a BRT.

AGRICULTURE SECTOR:
Average growth remained 2.1% against the target of 3.5% although government has
announced a hefty of Rs 341billion relief pakage for farmers.

INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT:

Industrial output stood at 5.1% against the targeted 6.3%. The large scale manufacturing
grew at average pace of 4.3% against the target of 6%. The ease of doing business indicator
could not be improved and social service delivery remained poor contrary to the claims made in
PML-N manifesto.

ROAD AND HIGHWAYS:


PML-N government vigorously work on road and higjway projects worth billions of rupees to
facilitate people. Completion of the major part of M-4, Faisalabad-Multan Motorway was
another milestone in upgrading and decongesting country's overburdened transport
infrastructure. Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, NHA develop infrastructure projects
through private sector on Build Own Operate (BOO) and Build Operate Transfer (BOT) bases. A
number of road connectivity projects have also been launched to reap maximum economic and
social benefits, 136 km Karachi-Hyderabad motorway with 16 exits was being constructed at a
cost of Rs 24 billion. Another project of Sialkot-Lahore Motorway change the fate of
Gujranwala-Lahore and adjacent regions.

PML-N government also built ring road in Lahore.

REDUCED UMEMPLOYMENT:
For reduction of unemployment PML-N introduced micro interest free loans scheme, which
focuses on house segment society who are financially weak. In this business scheme there are
small business loans, youth training scheme, youth skill development scheme, fee payment for
under privileged areas and PM scheme for provision of laptop has also been included.

NATIONAL HEALTH PROGTAME:


PM NAWAZ SHAREEF launched country first national heath programme scheme to provide
free health and medical care to the poorest of society on 31 december 2015.

Meeting the health needs of poor as claimed in PML-N manifesto government intiated Prime
Minister Heath Insurance Cards which provide heath care to over one million families. Against
the target of reducing maternal mortality rate to 140 per 100,000 women, the ratio remained at
170, which was better than 5 years ago. The infant mortality rate improved from 74 to 66 per
1000 infants, but it was far higher than the target of 40. Similarly the child mortality rate
remained at 81 per 1,000 kids as against the target of 52.

Constitutional Reforms (2013-2018):


The National Assembly has passed a total 189 bills during the last five years tenure besides
passing 136 Act of Parliament.

According to data, the government introduced 124 bills while 204 private members bills were
laid during the said period.

As many as 11 bills were passed during first parliamentary year 2013-14, eight bills in 2nd
parliamentary year 2014-15, 50 bills in 2015-16, 57 bills in 2016-17 and 63 bills in 2017-18.

Some of the important bills passed during the last five years included the amendments bills.

21st Amendment to the Constitution:


The amendment established speedy trial military courts for terrorist offenses, waging war
against Pakistan, and acts threatening the security of Pakistan. The duration of these courts is two
years. The decision to amend the constitution came after the 2014 Peshawar school massacre.It
was passed by both the National Assembly of Pakistan and Senate of Pakistan on January 6,
2015, and received the assent of the President on January 7, 2015.[1] The Bill amended the
Article 175 and the First Schedule of the Constitution.

22nd Amendment to the Constitution:


The Twenty-second Amendment of the Constitution of Pakistan, officially known as the
Constitution (Twenty-second Amendment) Act, 2016, sets to amend the procedure for the
appointment, qualifications and other prerequisites for the chief election commissioner (CEC)
and four members of the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP). The Constitution (Twenty-
second Amendment) Bill, 2016 was introduced in the National Assembly of Pakistan by Zahid
Hamid, then Minister for Law aThe Bill was considered and passed unanimously by the National
Assembly of Pakistan on 19 May 2016,and the Senate of Pakistan on 2 June 2016.The bill
received assent from the then President Mamnoon Hussain on 8 June 2016, and came into force
on the same day. It was notified in The Gazette of Pakistan on 10 June 2016.nd Justice.

23rd Amendment to the Constitution:


The Twenty-third Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, officially known as the
Constitution (Twenty-third Amendment) Act, 2017, grants legal cover to military courts. The
amendment was assented to by President Mamnoon Hussain in March 2017.

The 23rd Amendment was passed to re-establish the military courts for further two years till 6
January 2019.[3] In 2015, National Assembly passed the 21st Amendment and created the
military courts for the period of 2 years. The period of two years was expired on 6 January 2017
hence this 23rd Amendment was passed to re-establish the military courts for further two years
till 6 January 2019. At the end of this period all the amendments will be expired/removed
automatically.

24th Amendment to the Constitution:


The Twenty-fourth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan, officially known as the
Constitution (Twenty-fourth Amendment) Act, 2017, allows for the adjustment of seats in the
Parliament of Pakistan in response to the provisional results of the 2017 Census. The overall
number of seats in the National Assembly of Pakistan will remain the same, with Punjab losing
seats, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa gaining seats, and Sindh retaining the same number
of seats.

25th Amendment to the Constitution:


It is the most important amendment in constitution in PML-N era. The Twenty-fifth
Amendment of the Constitution of Pakistan, officially known as the Constitution (Twenty-fifth
Amendment) Act, 2018 (formerly Constitution (Thirty-first Amendment) Act, 2018), was passed
by the Parliament of Pakistan and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly in May 2018. Under the
amendment, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are to be merged with the
province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP).

Failures:
The first responsibility of government is to provide basic necessities of life to its public. The
PML-N government just focus on the roads, metro train, orange train projects they don’t care
about how my young people have no jobs, how many children working as a labour, how many
people are living with hand to mouth conditions. Major faiures of PML-N government are
following:

Ignoring other cities of Punjab especially south part of Punjab and main focus for
development projects is Lahore.
Political intervention in most of departments like health, police, education etc, lead to
poor performance of departments.
Foreign debt increase which cause high inflation rate.
Highly Poor performance in police department. eg; Model town incident.
High level of unemployment rate.

Panama leaks and Toppling of Prime Minister Nawaz


Sharif:

On 3 April 2016 the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) made 11.5
million secret documents, later known as the Panama Papers, available to the public. According
to the ICIJ, Sharif's children Maryam Nawaz, Hassan Nawaz and Hussain Nawaz "were owners
or had the right to authorize transactions for several companies".

Prime Minister's speech:


In a televised address to the National Assembly of Pakistan on 16 May 2016, Sharif suggested
forming a joint committee to draft the terms of reference for establishing a judicial commission.
He said he was not afraid of accountability, while criticizing opposition figures: "Today, people
living in bungalows and commuting in helicopters are accusing me of misconduct. Can they
explain before the nation as to how they earned all this money and how much tax they paid?".In
his speech, Sharif said he would clear the air about the London flats, but did not return to the
subject. He reiterated that the flats had been purchased with money earned from the sale of
Jeddah Steel Mills, which had belonged to his father. Later, Sharif omitted any reference to his
family's business connections with the Qatari royal family during his 16 May speech, inviting
allegations of contradictory statements.

Opposition response:

Following Sharif's speech, PTI chairman Imran Khan filed a petition through counsel Naeem
Bokhari with the Supreme Court of Pakistan on 29 August 2016, seeking Sharif's disqualification
as prime minister and as a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan. Other political leaders
including Sheikh Rashid Ahmed of Awami Muslim League, and Siraj-ul-Haq of Jamat-e-Islami,
also expressed support for the petition. It targeted Sharif's children, his son-in-law Muhammad
Safdar, and his brother-in-law and the incumbent finance minister Ishaq Dar as well. PTI
workers staged a sit-in outside Sharif's private residence at Raiwind near Lahore on 30
September 2016. Khan subsequently called on supporters to "lock-down" Islamabad until Nawaz
Sharif "resigned or presented himself for accountability".

Supreme Court of Pakistan:


The court's initial five-member bench for hearing the case was headed by Chief Justice Jamali
and comprised Justices Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, Amir Hani Muslim, Sh. Azmat Saeed, and Ijaz-
ul-Ahsan.

Verdict:
The verdict in the case was announced at 2:00 p.m. PST on 20 April 2017. The Supreme Court in
a 3–2 decision ruled that there was insufficient evidence to order Sharif's removal from office,
but ordered further investigation into corruption allegations. The court ordered the formation of a
Joint Investigation Team (JIT) under a three-member special bench, which was later known as
the JIT implementation bench. The two dissenting judges on the bench, Justice Asif Saeed Khosa
and Justice Gulzar Ahmed, were of the opinion that Sharif had not been honest to the nation and
should be disqualified from office

Joint Investigation Team:


Under the ruling of the Supreme Court a three-member special implementation bench supervised
the JIT, headed by Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan and including Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed and
Justice Ijazul Ahsan. The JIT was formally constituted by the Supreme Court's implementation
bench on 6 May 2017. It comprised six members, with the head from FIA.

Final verdict:
Following the JIT report[57] to the court on 10 July 2017, the Supreme Court began to hear
arguments a week later. On 21 July 2017, the court concluded the hearings and reserved its
judgement.[58] On 28 July 2017, the court announced its unanimous decision and disqualified
the Prime Minister from holding public office, finding that he had been dishonest in not
disclosing his employment in the Dubai-based Capital FZE company in his nomination
papers.[59] The court also ordered National Accountability Bureau to file a reference against
Sharif, his family and his former Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, corruption charges.

After the verdict:


Following the verdict, Nawaz Sharif was disqualified from serving as Prime Minister, and also as
leader of the National Assembly.The NAB was ordered by the court to investigate corruption
charges against Sharif, his three children and his son-in-law.Sharif was subsequently barred from
public office for life, after the Supreme Court held in Sami Ullah Baloch v. Abdul Karim
Nousherwani that electoral disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) would continue in perpetuity.
On 6 July 2018, the court sentenced Nawaz Sharif to 10 years imprisonment. The sentence
extended to his daughter Maryum Nawaz, and Son-in-Law Retired Captain Safdar, sentencing
them to 7 years and 1 year imprisonment.

IMRAN KHAN TENURE:


Imran khan took the rein of the government on 18th of august 2018 after 11th general elections on
25th of July 2018.He is the 22nd and current prime minister of Pakistan.

Visions of PTI government:

Once Khan’s foot settles’ in the government, one of his most pressing concerns is going to
related

1. Imran Khan's goals and promises:

 to reviving Pakistan’s economy,

 decrease the country’s debt,

 All policies for ordinary citizens

 Safeguard tax revenue

 Decrease govt expenses

 Strengthen institutions

 Across-the-board accountability for all

 Increase youth employment

 Help farmers, business community

 Spend money on development

 Repurpose PM House

 Address ties with China, Afghanistan, Iran, US, India Pakistan’s relations with Iran and
Saudi Arabia

 Focusing on the poor.

 Changing the culture of government

 Strengthening the Federation.


 Re-building Pakistan’s international credibility.

 . Setting a direction for progress.

This is by and large what khan’s political promise has been this is what his mandate is all about.

2. Foreign Policy:

It depends on how Khan’s party pursues Pakistan’s foreign policy, which is tightly knitted, to
any efforts to put the country’s economy back on track. So far, Khan has given one speech after
winning the election and surprisingly his remarks on foreign policy were not only comprehensive
and detailed but also showed an intent to deepen trade links and economic connectivity in the
region and beyond. Contrary to Khan’s aggressive rhetoric in the opposition, it’s understandable
that PTI would not be interested in confrontation with any of Pakistan’s neighbors as it would
not only distract the party from its most immediate priorities which focus on reviving the
economy but would also make the mission of bringing back investments and add to Pakistan’s
growing international isolation.

3. Changes in Governmental System:

 Bring accountability to the center of government

 Empower people at the grassroots

 Depoliticize and strengthen police

 Revolutionaries access to justice

 Initiate civil services reform

4. Revival of Economic Sector:

 Rapidly create jobs for the youth

 Revive manufacturing and facilitate growth of SMEs

 Launch policy to build 5 million houses

 Boost the tourism industry

 Reform the tax administration

 Make Pakistan business friendly


 Transform key institutions

 Fix Pakistan’s energy challenge

 Ensure CPEC

 translates into a game changer

 Enhance access to finance

5. Social Services:

 Transform health and education

 Expand the social safety

 net Champion women’s development

 Provide clean drinking water for all

 Champion green growth 2

6. Strengthen the Federation:

 integration of FATA with KP

 Champion reconciliation in Baluchistan

 Spearhead creation of South Punjab province

 Begin transforming Karachi

 Initiate poverty alleviation drives 6

7. National Security:

 Update and expand institutional structure of Foreign Office

 Increase Pakistan’s regional and global relevance

 Leverage foreign policy to strengthen the economy

 Form a National Security Organization

 Enhance Internal Security 4

8. Agriculture and Water Sector:


 Impose agriculture emergency to increase farmer profitability

 Improve access to finance for farmers

 Transform agriculture

 produce markets

 Revamp the livestock sector

 Implement National Water Policy

9. Achievements PTI government made so far

34 Deliverables from 34 Initiatives in the 100 Days Agenda

18 achieved

 Establish Asset Recovery Unit and Trace Unlawful Wealth

 Draft Local Government Act of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and ICT

 Legal Reforms to Revolutionaries Access to Justice

 FBR Reform Roadmap

 Naya Pakistan Housing Program me

 Framework to establish National Tourism Board

 Economic Support Package for Revival of Manufacturing Sector

 National Financial Inclusion Strategy Implementation Plan

 Ease of Doing Business Strategy

 National Agriculture Emergency programme

 Implement National Water Policy

 Education Blueprint (ICT only)

 Health Blueprint (ICT only)

 Clean Drinking Water Plan (ICT only)

 Social Protection Programme


 Action Plan for Women and Girls in the Justice System

 Launch 10 Billion Tree Tsunami

 Increase Pakistan’s Regional and Global Relevance

10. Six key achievements over and above 100 days agenda;

 Austerity Drive

 Launch of Citizens Portal

 Action against Qabza Mafia

 Action against Power

 Theft Support for Overseas Pakistanis