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THE ART OF SINGING

OBJECTIVES done on a regular basis then the sounds are THE VOCAL TRACT
said to be more clear and strong.
At the end of this lesson, the students will be The Vocal tract is the channel of air flow
able to: THE HUMAN VOICE between the larynx and the mouth and nose.

1. Identify the he internal organ in the The human voice also known as vocals is the The larynx is also called the voice box, it is
body used for singing with the aid oldest musical instrument, it's the cheapest, the part of the respiratory system that holds
of a diagram and Study the parts of and it's the easiest to carry around. It is such the vocal cords. It is responsible for
the vocal folds to understand how it a wonderful musical resource instrument producing voice, helping us swallow and
is used to produce musical sounds. because of its flexibility. It unifies language, breathe. Air passes in and out of the larynx
class, region and psychology into a limited
2. Translate a complete song into solfa number of distinct sounds. When the human each time the body inhales or exhales.
notes. voice is trained, it is usually tailored to suit
3. Practice vocal dynamics the genre (pattern of music) of the singer.
4. Sing with different vocal registers Pop singers emphasise particular traits of
5. Do vocal exercises that will make their voice, while classical singers' training HOW THE HUMAN VOICE IS
is intended to smooth out those individual PRODUCED
one achieve mixed voice and free
lumps and bumps into a uniform texture of
transition from one vocal register to the human voice is produced from three
sound.
the other main sources; the lungs, the vocal folds, and
The human voice is specifically a part of the articulators.
INTRODUCTION TO SINGING The lung (the pump) must produce adequate
human sound production in which the vocal
folds (vocal cords) are the primary sound airflow and air pressure to vibrate vocal
Singing is the act of producing musical folds (this air pressure is the fuel of the
source
sounds with the voice. voice).
Singing involves the use of tonality (musical The vocal folds (vocal cords) are a vibrating
notes) and rhythm (timing). One who sings valve that chops up the airflow from the
is called a singer or vocalist. THE VOCAL CHORDS lungs into audible sound. The vocal folds is
within the larynx
The vocal folds, in combination with the The articulators consisting of tongue, palate,
In many respects human song is a like
articulators (lips, teeth, nose,tongue,jaw), are cheek, lips, etc. articulate and filter the
sustaining your talking with one breath.
sound from the larynx and to some degree
Singing can be formal or informal, arranged capable of producing highly intricate arrays
can strengthen or weaken the sound
or improvised. It may be done for pleasure, of sound. The tone of voice can be adjusted depending on how it controls the airflow
comfort, ritual, education, or profit. To to suggest emotions such as anger, surprise, from the larynx. The articulators are above
become a vocalist, you need to train your
or happiness (see diagram). the larynx.
voice to become a musical instrument called
Vocals and practice regularly. If practice is
VOCAL REGISTRATION notes. The resonance is usually felt in the and resonances of the body when singing.
cheekbone, teeth/lips area. These sensations can usually be felt in the
A vocal register is a range of tones in the 5. The whistle register or superhead chest, face, nose, mouth etc.,
human voice produced by a particular voice : This is the top end of the vocal range
vibratory pattern of the vocal folds. These which sounds similar to a whistle or squeal.
registers include : 6. Falsetto or False Voice: ACTIVITIES
Falsetto is the lightest register and requires
1. Vocal fry: it is the lowest part of the Messa di voce
loose vocal cords and incomplete closure
voice, it sounds husky. It is effectively a
which produces a breathy voice that can
toneless "rattle", rasp or roughness produced (Italian, "placing of voice") is a musical
sound quite feminine although it is generally technique that involves a gradual crescendo
by the vocal cords at the lower end of the
used by men rather than women. and diminuendo while sustaining a single
range which is often used as an effect in rock
pitch.
singing.
2. Chest or Normal voice: Usually a first of all the singer has to understand that That is, a note is sung at a quiet volume,
deep or rich full sound that is most there is only one set of vocal cords which are gradually and smoothly made louder until it
commonly used during speech. Air flows used in conjunction with the rest of the vocal reaches a high volume, then similarly made
over the vocal folds which are are fully apart mechanism (resonating spaces, airflow, quiet again. The technique can be used on
and the vibration or resonance can often be support) to produce sound. This is called many instruments, but is perhaps best known
felt in the upper chest. This is the area of the for its use among singers.
'Phonation'. The sound of the voice can vary
voice where you should be singing the lower considerably in range, colour, tone, pitch and
Technique
notes of your range registry breaks, sometimes to such an extent
3. Modal or middle voice The term that it appears as if the untrained singer has a The messa di voce is universally considered
middle voice is not as commonly used as bottom, middle and top 'voice', each of a very advanced vocal technique. To be
some of the other descriptions like chest and which may display differences in timbre or properly executed, the only feature of the
head voice. This section of the voice may quality. Over time various terms were note being sung that should change is the
also be referred to as mix or blend and it invented and are still used to explain these volume - not the pitch, intonation, timbre,
describes an area where a vocal bridge or vibrato, and so on. This requires an
different resonance areas in the voice. For
passaggio may occur. Once the singer has extremely high level of vocal coordination,
now it is enough to know that words like particularly in the diminuendo, so the
mastered the art of moving smoothly through register, chest voice etc,. are essentially just technique is not often explicitly called for
this transition area it is considered to be convenient labels used to describe the and is rarely heard outside of classical
mixed or blended difference in Placement throughout the music.
4. Head voice or Upper register: singer's range.
Remember that your vocal chords strtches 1. GOOG GOOG GOOG...
longer as you ascend the range? Well you'll VOCAL PL;ACEMENT
need these to access 'Head Voice' which is Placement is the term used to describe the
where you should be singing those high technique of being guided by the vibrations
THE VOCAL FOLDS (VOCAL CORDS)