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Actividad de aprendizaje 5

Evidencia 5: Workshop: Getting started as a translator


Logistics Management

Programa1565260 virtual

Presented to:
Yoliana Hernández Rozo

Presented by

Wilson Omar Rodriguez Orjuela

April 2018
Workshop: Getting started with translation

As part of your English Learning Process, it is important to get familiar with

technical vocabulary in order to be able to translate short pieces of texts
containing technical information.

A. Getting familiar with thechnical vocabulary

After revising the vocabulary in the material “Strategic framework: developing

guidelines”, read the given definitions and complete the followig crossword.


1. The act of producing more of something than is needed, or to

produce too much

9. Movement of goods or services along the value stream from raw

materials to the customer without backflow, stoppages, or waste.

11. A party that supplies goods or services. A supplier may be

distinguished from a contractor or subcontractor, who commonly
adds specialized input to deliverables. Also called vendor.

12. Basic substance in its natural, modified, or semi-processed

state, used as an input to a production process for subsequent
modification or transformation into a finished good.

13. An estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified

period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals.
14. Department, facility, machine, or resource already working at its
full capacity and which, therefore, cannot handle any additional
demand placed on it. Also called critical resource.


2. Study of capabilities and limitations of mental and physical work

in different settings. It applies anatomical, physiological, and
psychological knowledge (called human factors) to work and work
environments in order to reduce or eliminate factors that cause pain
or discomfort.

3. A business or person that sells goods to the consumer, as

opposed to a wholesaler or supplier, who normally sell their goods
to another business.

4. Desire for certain good or service supported by the capacity to

purchase it

5. Highest sustainable output rate (maximum number of units per

month, quarter, or year) that can be achieved with current
resources, maintenance strategies, product specifications, etc.

6. An itemized catalog or list of tangible goods or property, or the

intangible attributes or qualities.

7. Estimate of expected demand over a specified future period.

8. The comparison of what is actually produced or performed with

what can be achieved with the same consumption of resources
(money, time, labor, etc.). It is an important factor in determination
of productivity.

9. Work arrangement (or rearrangement) aimed at reducing or

overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from
repetitive and mechanistic tasks. Through incentives, organizations
try to raise productivity levels by offering non-monetary rewards
such as greater satisfaction from a sense of personal achievement
in meeting the increased challenge and responsibility of on1e's
work. Job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation, and job
simplification are the various techniques used in a job design

10. Non-productive time (during which an employee is still paid) of employees

or machines, or both, due to work stoppage from any cause. Also called
vacations or holidays, allowed time, or downtime.
2 3 4 5 6 D
1 O U E R P R O D U C T I O N E
8 R E E A N M
9 F L O W A A A E N
J F N I N C N 10 D
O I O L D I T I -
- I I R Y R L O
E N 11 S U P P L I E R - E
I Y 12 R A W - M A T E R I A L S
G 13 B U D G E T
14 B O T T L E N E C K

BusinessDictionary. (s.f.). Diccionario de términos. Consultado el 31 de agosto de 2016, en:
B. Understanding Word categories
Translate the following terms into Spanish. Check the example:

English Term Spanish Translation

Supply chain Cadena de abastecimiento
supply chain management Gestión de la cadena de
flow of goods Flujo de Bienes
storage of goods Almacenamiento de bienes
point of origin Punto de origen
point of consumption Punto de consumo
consumer Consumidor
supplier Proveedor
customer cliente
provider proveedor
network red
procurement obtención
transformation transformación
warehousing and almacenaje y distribución
intermediate product producto intermedio
finished product producto terminado
to meet customers’ para satisfacer las
requirements necesidades de los clientes
re-engineering Reingeniería
freight and transport costs los costos de carga y
destination market mercado de destino
seasonal trends las tendencias estacionales
import and export las regulaciones de
regulations importación y exportación
customs duties and taxes los derechos de aduana e
inventory management la gestión del inventario
delivery services servicios de entrega
order fulfilment Order completada

C. Evaluating translations
Read the following translations and identify the possible problems in the result.
You can express the problems you identify in Spanish. Please, provide a
possible solution for each case
English Spanish Your opinion Your correction
Logistics is one of Logísticas es una -Hace falta el uso La logística es
the spheres, de las esferas, que del artículo “La” una de las
which still have todavía tienen antes de esferas que
potential as far as potencial en Logísticas. aún tiene
improving cuanto a mejorar el -En español, el potencial en
performance is rendimiento se término logística cuanto se
concerned. refiere. se debe utilizar refiere al
en singular. mejoramiento
-El verbo “tienen” del
se debe utilizar rendimiento.
en singular
porque nos
refiriendo a “la
esfera de la
The global logistics El global mercado La flexibilidad es la El global
market has grown de logísticas han esencia del éxito mercado de
radically over the crecido radicalmente para las logística es el
years. sobre los años. operaciones que ha crecido
logísticas; sin radicalmente a
embargo, la través de los
planeación, años
financiación y
operación de
activos logísticos
se establece para
largos períodos de
tiempo. El
entendimiento y la
mezcla de estas
dos ideas es la
esencia del éxito
en este segmento
de mercado.
The main customer Los principales Las propiedades y Los principales
groups served by grupos de clientes activos logísticos grupos de
the logistics servidos por la no corresponden clientes servidos
industry are parcel industria logística en sí a un fin o un por la industria
and documents son los servicios de objetivo de la logística son los
express delivery entrega urgente de cadena de valor, servicios que se
services, paquetería y por lo contrario, entrega de
warehousing and documentos, son un medio que manera urgente
distribution, etc. almacenamiento y responde a como papelería,
distribución, etc. necesidades documentos, el
específicas de almacenamiento
conexión entre y la distribución
productores, entre otros
vendedores y
Efficient logistics Logística eficientes y los vehículos de La logística
and transportation el sistema de distribución, entre eficiente y los
system are transporte son otros; los activos sistemas de
important importantes previos logísticos son el transporte son
prerequisites of the requisitos del resultado del importantes
development of any desarrollo de diseño requisitos para
economy. ninguna economía. especializado de la el desarrollo de
operación de cada la economia
empresa en cada
industria, y
responden a
específicas de
The art and science El arte y la ciencia La entrega de El arte y la
of delivering goods de la entrega de activos con rapidez ciencia se
with speed and buenos con rapidez son los que entrag con
precision can help y precisión pueden generan buena rapidez y
businesses operate ayudar negocios a precisión en los precisión
more efficiently, operar más eficiente, negocios dando asi ayudando a que
lower costs and reducir costos y ganancias y los negocios
gain new ganancias nuevos producción operen mas
customers. clientes. generando asi eficientes y para
nuevos clientes poder reducir
costos y
ganancias y
clientes nuevos
Logistics has Las logísticas ha La logística es una La logística
evolved throughout evolucionado a lo pieza clave en la evoluciona
centuries to largo y ancho de las cadena de constantemente
become an integral centurias para producción y/o a lo largo y
part of every convertirse en una suministro de ancho de las
business. parte integral de cualquier empresa. centurias para
cada negocios. A través de la asi convertirse
logística, las en una parte
empresas integral de cada
consiguen poner a negocio
disposición de los
clientes sus
productos y
servicios en el
momento y lugar

D. Identifying tenses
Read the sentences given below and identify the tense form used in each of
them. Translate the sentences into Spanish.

Tense Spanish translation

 Last year, the U.S. Simple past El año pasado, la industria
business logistics de negocios de logística
industry continued de Estados Unidos
to grow at an continuó creciendo a un
unprecedented ritmo nunca antes visto.
 Global competition Simple past La competencia global
began to spread in comenzó a extenderse en
the 1970s and la década de 1970 y se
accelerated in the aceleró en la década de
1990s. 1990
 Logistics has past Perfect La logística ha
evolved throughout evolucionado a través de
centuries to los siglos para convertirse
become an integral en una parte integral de
part of every cada negocio.
 Globalization is still Past continuous La globalización sigue
moving forward avanzando en la
today. actualidad.
 Since 2000, the rail Past Perfect Desde el año 2000, la
freight industry has industria del transporte
undergone a ferroviario de mercancías
remarkable ha experimentado una
transformation. transformación notable.
 Logistics has been Present Perfect Logística ha estado
playing a Continuous jugando un papel
fundamental role in fundamental en el
global development desarrollo global de casi
for almost 5,000 5.000 años.
 Since the Present Perfect Desde la construcción de
construction of the las pirámides en el
pyramids in ancient antiguo Egipto, la logística
Egypt, logistics has ha logrado un progreso
made a remarkable notable.
 Recently, Present perfect Recientemente, las
innovations have innovaciones se han
become vital to convertido en vital para
meet customer satisfacer las expectativas
expectations. del cliente.
 Now, the company Present Simple Ahora, la compañía está
is working on a trabajando en un nuevo
new project. proyecto.
 Usually, freight Present Simple Por lo general, los
forwarders agentes de carga
organize shipping organizan el envío de
of various goods. diversos productos.
 Now, the ABC Present continuous Ahora, la Compañía ABC
Company is está expandiendo sus
expanding its instalaciones de
production facilities producción para incluir
to include a new una nueva línea de
product line. productos.

E. Critical Thinking
Answer the following questions.

1. According to your experience, which steps did you follow to complete the
different translations?
I was translating what I did not understand and so I could read and start to
2. According to your experience, do you consider that translation is a complex
activity? Explain.
If you need time and dedication to understand the exercise

3. What do you think is necessary to do a correct translation?

if it is very necessary to be able to do a good job

4. According to your experience, what is the most difficult aspect about


the power to develop the work correctly