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SelectionGuide

Desiccant Selection Guide

Drying Agent Product Size Suitable for Drying Not Suitable for Residual g H2O/g Regeneration Reaction
Number Drying Water Desiccant Mechanism
mg H2O/L
Dried Air
Aluminum Oxide 0536-01 5OOg Hydrocarbons, air, 0.003 0.2 175ºC Chemisorption
0536-05 2.5 kg ammonia, argon, Adsorption
helium, nitrogen,
oxygen, Freon, H2O,
CO2, SO2
ANHYDRONE® 0828-01 500 g Inert gas, air ** Most Organics 0.001 0.2 250ºC with Hydration
(Magnesium Vacuum
Perchlorate
anhydrous)
Barium Oxide B656-04 125 g Organic bases, Acidic Compounds, 0.00065 0.1 Not Absorption and
alcohols, aldehydes, CO2 Recommended Adsorption
amines
Boric Anhydride 1176-01 500 g Formic Acid 0.8 450ºC
1176-05 2.5 kg
Calcium Chloride 1311-01 500 g Alkyl and Aryl Halides, Alcohols, amines, 0.14-0.25 0.2 (1H2O) 250ºC Hydration
(20 Mesh) 1311-05 2.5 kg most esters, saturated phenols, aldehydes, 0.3 (2H2O)
and aromatic amides, amino acids,
hydrocarbons, ethers some esters, ketones
Calcium Chloride (4-8 1313-01 500 g Alkyl and Aryl Halides, Alcohols, amines, 0.14-0.25 0.2 (1H2O) 250ºC Hydration
Mesh) 1313-05 2.5 kg most esters, saturated phenols, aldehydes, 0.3 (2H2O)
and aromatic amides, amino acids,
hydrocarbons, ethers some esters, ketones
Calcium Oxide 1410-01 500 g Alcohols, amines and Acidic compounds, 0.007 0.3 1000ºC Chemisorption
1410-05 2.5 kg ammonia gas esters
Calcium Sulfate 1458-01 500 g Most organic 0.005 0.066 235ºC Absorption
compounds
Cupric Sulfate 1850-01 500 g Esters, alcohols 1.4 0.6 200ºC
1850-05 2.5 kg (excellent for benzene
and toluene)
DRIERITE, Regular L056-07 454 g Air, industrial gases, 0.005 0.066 210ºC for 1 hour Hydration
L056-02 2.3 kg refrigerants, organic
liquids and solids.
DRIERITE, Indicating L057-07 454 g Air, industrial gases, 0.005 0.066 210ºC for 1 hour Hydration
(4 Mesh) L057-02 2.3 kg refrigerants, organic
liquids and solids.
L058-07 454 g
(8 Mesh)
L058-02 2.3 kg
(10-20 Mesh) L059-07 454 g
Lithium Aluminum P403-05 100 g Aldehydes, ketones, Acid and its
Hydride esters, carboxylic derivatives, aromatic
acids, peroxides, nitro compounds
acid anhydrides, acid
chlorides, ethers
Magnesium Oxide 2476-01 500 g Hydrocarbons, Acidic compounds 0.008 0.5 800ºC Hydration
aldehydes, alcohols,
basic gases, amines
Magnesium Sulfate 2506-01 500 G Most compounds, Acid sensitive 1.0 0.2 0.8 200ºC and red Hydration
2506-05 2.5 kg incl. Acids, ketones, compounds heat
aldehydes, esters,
nitriles
Molecular Sieve 2710-01 500 g Molecules of Molecules of 0.18 117-260ºC Adsorption
Activated Type 3A 2710-05 2.5 kg diameter >3 diameter <3
8-12 Mesh angstroms angstroms
Molecular Sieve 2707-01 500 g Molecules of Molecules of 0.001 0.18 250ºC Adsorption
Activated 8-12 Mesh 2708-01 500 g diameter >4 diameter <4
Indicating Type 4A 2708-05 2.5 kg angstroms angstroms, Ethanol,
H2S, CO2, SO2, C2H4,
C3H4, and strong acids

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Drying Agent Product Size Suitable for Drying Not Suitable for Residual g H2O/g Regeneration Reaction
Number Drying Water Desiccant Mechanism
mg H2O/L
Dried Air
Molecular Sieve 2709-01 500g Molecules of Molecules of 0.003 0.18 250ºC Adsorption
Activated (8-12 Mesh) 2709-05 2.5 kg diameter > 5 diameter <5
Type 5A angstroms, e.g., angstroms, e.g.,
branched chain butanol, n-C4H10 to
compounds and n-C22H46
those having 4
carbon or larger rings
Phosphoric Acid 0260-01 500ml 0.003 Not Absorption and
0260-03 2.5 L Recommended Solution
Phosphorous 2155-01 500 g Saturated Alcohols, acids, 3x10-5 0.5 No Chemisorption
Pentoxide hydrocarbons, amines, ketones, HF leading to H3PO4
aromatic and HCl vapors
hydrocarbons,
ethers, alkyl halides,
aryl halides, nitriles,
anhydrides, nitrites,
esters
Potassium Carbonate 3012-01 500 g Alcohols, nitriles, Acids, phenols 0.2 300º C Hydrate
3012-05 2.5 kg ketones, esters, Formation
amines
Potassium Hydroxide 3140-01 500 g Amines, organic Acids, phenols, esters, 0.3 Indeterm- No Hydration
3140-05 2.5 kg bases amides, acidic gases, inate and Solution
3140-07 12 kg aldehydes Formation

Silica Gel Indicating 3401-01 500 g Most organics HF vapors 0.03 0.2 200-350ºC Adsorption
6-16 Mesh 3401-05 2.5 kg
Sodium 9410-04 113 g Saturated Acids, alcohols, Not Leads to
9410-01 454 g and aromatic aldehydes, ketones, Recommended NaOH + H2
hydrocarbons, ethers amines, esters,
organic halides, and
any substance with
high water content
Sodium Hydroxide 3722-01 500 g Amines Acids, phenols, esters, 0.16 Indefinite Not Absorption
Pellets 3722-05 2.5 g amides Recommended and Solution
3722-07 12 kg Formation

Sodium Sulfate 3891-01 500 g Alkyl halides, aryl 12 1.2 150ºC Hydration
Anhydrous Granular 3891-0 2.5 kg halides, aldehydes,
Powder 3891-07 12 kg ketones, acids
Sodium Sulfate 3898-01 500 g Alkyl halides, aryl 12 1.2 150ºC Hydration
Anhydrous Powder 3898-05 2.5 kg halides, aldehydes,
3898-07 12 kg ketones, acids
Sodium Sulfate 3375-01 500 g Alkyl halides, aryl 12 1.2 150ºC Hydration
Anhydrous Granular 3375-05 2.5 kg halides, aldehydes,
(12-60 mesh) 3375-07 12 kg ketones, acids
Sulfuric Acid 9681-01 500ml Inert gases, HCl, Cl2, Too reactive to 0.003 Indefinite No Hydration
9681-03 2.5 L CO, SO2, air used in actually contact
desiccators organic materials
Zinc Chloride 4321-01 500 g Hydrocarbons Ammonia, amines, 0.9 0.2 110ºC Hydration
Reagent, Broken 4321-05 2.5 kg alcohol
Lump 4321-07 12 kg
** May form explosive compound when exposed to organic vapors.

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