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31. Teacher A believes that the learner is the product of his environment.

Sometimes he has no choice. He/she is determined by his environment.

A. Rationalist
B. Behaviorist
C. Existentialist
D. Progressivist

32. The curriculum is viewed as a means of developing desirable habits. It is


recommended that the way /means to form these habits is through the mastery of
organized subject matter. Which philosophy is behind this educational view?

A. Naturalism
B. Idealism
C. Realism
D. Pragmatism

33. Teachers in school perform the role and responsibility of parents in the
development and education of the child. This stems from the belief that the home
is the primary agency in the education of the individual. Thus, teachers are
regarded as surrogate parents along the loco parentis principle. Which philosophy
espouses this view of education?

A. Pragmatism
B. Naturalism
C. Idealism
D. Realism

34. This philosophy believes that students need a passionate encounter with the
positive and negative phases of life like the joy and agony of love, desirability of
life, the inevitability of death, the anguish of freedom and the consequences of
choices and actions. Which philosophy advocates this view in education?

A. Existentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Essentialism
D. Realism

35. The teacher should provide for shared experiences in the classroom that fosters
cooperative learning rather than competitive learning. Scientific means of inquiry
complements such atmosphere. Which theory advocates this view?
A. Existentialism
B. Essentialism
C. Perennialism
D. Progressivism

36. This philosophy believes that ideas are inherent in the invidual. This explains
the nature of the Socratic dialogue in teaching, where the teacher asks questions
to wring out the ideas innate in the learner. Which school of thought has advocated
this belief?

A. Naturalism
B. Idealism
C. Realism
D. Pragmatism

37. Teacher B believes that the learner can choose what he can become despite his
environment.

A. Rationalist
B. Behaviorist
C. Existentialist
D. Progressivist

38. Teacher F is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior,


provided reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior
on his own. On which principle is Teacher F's conviction based?

A. Cognitivism
B. Environmentalism
C. Behaviorism
D. Constructivism

39. Changes in the T.H.E takes care of the cognitive needs of students. It also
emphasizes the use of project method as implied in DECS Order No. 91, s. 1998.
The related philosophy is _____________.

A. Realism
B. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism
40. DECS Order No. 13 s. 1998 entitled "Revised rules and regulations on the
teaching of religion" is emphasizing the development of one's spirituality and
moral. What philosophy is related to it?

A. Realism
B. Idealism
C. Essentialism
D. Progressivism

41. DECS Order No. 57 s. 1998 entitled "Clarification on the changes in the Social
Studies programs" offers Economics in 3rd year instead of 4th year. The change
hopefully will provide the needed social reform in alleviating the condition of
poverty. What philosophy addresses this concern?

A. Realism
B. Existentialism
C. Essentialism
D. Reconstructivism

42. DECS Order No. 54, s. 1995 entitled "War on Waste" helps students realize
their role in the conservation of nation's resources. This also helps instil discipline
among them. What philosophy is related to this?

A. Realism
B. Essentialism
C. Perennialism
D. Reconstructivism

43. Which philosophy has the educational objective to indoctrinate Filipinos to


accept the teachings of the Catholic church which is to foster faith in God?

A. Realism
B. Pragmatism
C. Idealism
D. Existentialism

44. Virtue as one component in the teaching of Rizal as a course focuses on the
teaching of good and beauty consistent with the good and beauty in God. What
philosophy supports this?
A. Existentialism
B. Idealism
C. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism

45. Scouting and Citizens Army Training (CAT) give training in character
building, citizenship training, etc. which leads to the creation of new social order
and a new society eventually. What philosophy supports this?

A. Existentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism

46. Teacher V demonstrated the technique on how to group students according to


their needs and interests and how to use self-paced instructional materials. Which
philosophy is manifested in this activity?

A. Essentialism
B. Progressivism
C. Realism
D. Reconstructivism

47. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so much significance on values


development and discipline, what could be her educational philosophy?

A. Idealism
B. Pragmatism
C. Progressivism
D. Realism

48. What philosophy is related to the practice of schools acting as laboratory for
teaching reforms and experimentation?

A. Essentialism
B. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism

49. What philosophy of education advocates that the curriculum should only
include universal and unchanging truths?
A. Essentialism
B. Idealism
C. Perennialism
D. Pragmatism

50. Which philosophy of education influence the singing of the National anthem in
schools?

A. Nationalism
B. Naturalism
C. Pragmatism
D. Socialism

51. Who among the following believes that learning requires disciplined attention,
regular homework, and respect for legitimate authority?

A. Essentialist
B. Progressivist
C. Realist
D. Reconstructivist

52. Teacher G says: "If it is billiard that brings students out of the classroom, let
us bring it into the classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach Math." To which
philosophy does Teacher G adhere?

A. Essentialism
B. Idealism
C. Progressivism
D. Reconstructivism

53. Which philosophy influenced the cultivation of reflective and meditative skills
in teaching?

A. Confucianism
B. Existentialism
C. Taoism
D. Zen Buddhism

54. “Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less”. It is better to
be a generalist claims Teacher R. What philosophy does she uphold?
A. Essentialism
B. Existentialism
C. Progressivism
D. Pragmatism

55. “Everything changes” explains the teacher. This entails readiness to accept
challenges in life and be ready to address it. What kind of philosophy can this be
attributed?

A. Realism
B. Materialism
C. Behaviorism
D. Rationalism

56. “Life is what you make it”, exemplifies best what __________ is :

A. Existentialist
B. Humanist
C. Idealist
D. Realist

57. If Teacher V believes that learning also takes place in having interaction with
the environment, this teacher can be regarded as:

A. Pragmatist
B. Empricist
C. Realist
D. Herbalist

58. Teacher Q is concerned more on conceptual matters since reality is mental. She
upholds this kind of philosophy:

A. Empiricism
B. Realism
C. Idealism
D. Progressivism

59. Teacher W is known in giving great importance on humanistic education.


Which of the following will depict this trait?
A. Developing students into thinking individuals
B. Making students civilized, distinctly educated and refined
C. Giving the students the freedom to choose and decide for themselves
D. Teaching the students the different works of civilization

60. To come closer to the truth we need to "go back to the things themselves." This
is the advice of the __________.

A. Behaviorists
B. Phenomenologists
C. Idealists
D. Pragmatists