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Frequencies:

Statistics

communication quality of age of the do you like Life Number of which is your
b/w staff and sleep smoker that annual or expectancy under-five favourite
management used semester at birth, total deaths in subject
cigarettes system (years) Norway

Valid 55 55 55 55 55 55 55
N
Missing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Communication, quality of sleep, age of smoker, education system, life expectancy, number of
under five deaths and favourite subjects are used and for these variables 55 respondents are
contacted in which all the respondents responds.

Frequency Table:

communication b/w staff and management

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

Effective 23 41.8 41.8 41.8

Valid Ineffective 32 58.2 58.2 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

When we talk about the communication between staff and management, 55 respondents are
contacted in which 23 respondents consider that there is effective communication between staff
and management while 32 respondents considered that there is ineffective communication. So in
this way 41.8% individuals consider effective whilst 58.2% consider ineffective communication
respectively.

quality of sleep

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

very poor 2 3.6 3.6 3.6

poor 5 9.1 9.1 12.7

fair 11 20.0 20.0 32.7

Valid good 22 40.0 40.0 72.7

very good 11 20.0 20.0 92.7

excellent 4 7.3 7.3 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

In this frequency table, 3.6% have very poor sleep quality, 9.1% have slightly well, and 20% feels
that they have fair sleep quality, 40% good, 20% have very good quality and 7.3% individuals
have excellent sleep quality. In this way all the respondents responses and contribute to the survey.
age of the smoker that uses cigarettes

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

10-30 17 30.9 30.9 30.9

31-50 14 25.5 25.5 56.4

Valid 51-70 11 20.0 20.0 76.4

71-100 13 23.6 23.6 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

In this frequency table, 30.9% are in between the ages of ten to thirty years, 14% individuals
bears the ages of thirty-one to fifty, 20% respondents having the ages between fifty-one to
seventy years and remaining respondents are between the age of seventy-one to hundred years of
ages respectively. So collectively hundred percent individuals responds.

do you like annual or semester system

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

Annual system 29 52.7 52.7 52.7

Valid Semester system 26 47.3 47.3 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

When we ask about education system from the students that either you like annual system or
semester system, nearly 53% students said that they like annual system and 47% students are in
the favour of semester system.
which is your favourite subject

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

Maths 8 14.5 14.5 14.5

Chemistry 10 18.2 18.2 32.7

Physics 13 23.6 23.6 56.4


Valid
Computer 12 21.8 21.8 78.2

Accounts 12 21.8 21.8 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

When from college students it is asked that what your favourite subjects is, then nearly 15%
students like mathematics, 18% students feels good about chemistry, 24% students like physics,
computer are liked by 22% students and remaining 12% students like accounts. In this survey all
the students responds.
Frequencies:

Statistics

Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) (Binned)

Valid 55
N
Missing 0

Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000) (Binned)

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative


Percent

81.1 - 101.0 10 18.2 18.2 18.2

101.1 - 121.0 9 16.4 16.4 34.5

121.1 - 141.0 7 12.7 12.7 47.3

141.1 - 161.0 9 16.4 16.4 63.6

161.1 - 181.0 9 16.4 16.4 80.0


Valid
181.1 - 201.0 4 7.3 7.3 87.3

201.1 - 221.0 3 5.5 5.5 92.7

221.1 - 241.0 2 3.6 3.6 96.4

241.1 - 261.0 2 3.6 3.6 100.0

Total 55 100.0 100.0

As shown in the table, there are 55 observations. In addition to this the frequency table shows
that ten people died in the range

Charts:
From the above charts we can easily conclude that about 53% students like annual system while
47% are those students who preferred to study in semester system.

It is cleared from the picture that nearly 15% students like maths, about 18% students feel craze
about chemistry, approximately 24% students preferred physics, 22% like computer and about
22% are in the favour of accounts.
Ordinal:

As shown in graph that out of 55 respondents, twenty respondents use cigarettes in the range of
one to ten, eighteen are those who lie in the range of eleven to twenty and so on.
When it is asked from the respondents, are they sleep during traveling nearly 81% answered ‘no’
and 19% say ‘yes’.
Graphical Interpretation of Quantitative Data:

When we want to check the relationship between population of females ranging from 0 to 14 and
gross domestic product per capita, we can see that a straight vertical line which shows that with
the increase in GDP per capita there is no change in population ages of females.
When we check the relationship between rural population and mortality rate, it shows a strong
linear relationship to some extent. It means that with the increase in rural population, mortality
rate also increases in the rural areas.

When we want to check the relationship between GDP and mortality rate, it shows a non-linear
behaviour. Along with this GDP and rural population also shows a non-linear but it is extremely
strong non-linear behaviour. When we talk about rural population and mortality rate, it is a strong
linear behaviour which means increase in rural population also increase the mortality rate. Rural
population and GDP shows a non-linear trend, similarly mortality rate and GDP have stronger
non-linear relationship.
Histogram:

The coefficient of skewness is a measure of symmetry or lack of symmetry. From the above
diagram it is shown that the area from the mean from both side is almost equal i.e. 0.63 so it
indicates the positive skewness. And when we talk about the coefficient of kurtosis, it show
leptokurtic behaviour.

The coefficient of skewness is a measure of symmetry or lack of symmetry. From the above
diagram it is shown that the area from the mean from both side is almost equal i.e. 0.163 so it
indicates the positive skewness. And when we talk about the coefficient of kurtosis, it shows
platykurtic.
Descriptive Statistics:

Statistics

Rural population (% of GNI per capita, Atlas Life expectancy at


total population) in method (current US$) birth, total (years)
Norway

Valid 55 54 55
N
Missing 0 1 0
Mean 29.13151 32964.44 75.28286
Median 28.30100 24525.00 74.69122
Mode 19.527a 1610a 72.177a
Skewness 1.014 1.061 .748
Std. Error of Skewness .322 .325 .322
Kurtosis .627 -.064 -.246
Std. Error of Kurtosis .634 .639 .634
Range 29.475 104340 8.372
Minimum 19.527 1610 72.177
Maximum 49.002 105950 80.549

a. Multiple modes exist. The smallest value is shown

From the table, it is shown that there are 55 observations. In case of rural population and life
expectancy rate there is no missing value, but in case of gross national income one value is
missing. The first variable that is:
Rural population: Its mean value is 29.13, median is 28.13, and the mode that is the most repeated
value is 19.52. When we talk about coefficient of skewness and kurtosis, the value of skewness is
1.014 with the standard error of 0.322, and kurtosis takes the value of 0.627 with the standard error
of 0.634.
Gross National Income per capita: Its mean value is 32964.44, median is 24525.00, and the mode
that is the most repeated value is 1610. When we talk about coefficient of skewness and kurtosis,
the value of skewness is 1.061 with the standard error of 0.325, and kurtosis takes the value of -
0.064 with the standard error of 0.639 which shows that there is platykurtic.
Rural population: Its mean value is 75.28, median is 74.29, and the mode that is the most repeated
value is 72.169. When we talk about coefficient of skewness and kurtosis, the value of skewness
is 0.748with the standard error of 0.322, and kurtosis takes the value of -.246 with the standard
error of 0.634, the negative value of kurtosis shows that there is platykurtic kurtosis graph.