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Rancang separator vertikal untuk memisahkan cairan (Q = 25000 kg/jam, U = 650 kg/m )
dan uapnya (Q = 15000 kg/jam, r = 3.5 kg/m3). Konfigurasi vessel separator tidak memiliki
”demister pad” dan tidak ada alat masukan (”no inlet device”). Gambar hasil rancangan lengkap
dengan dimensinya (D, BTL, LLL, HLL, TTL), termasuk diameter nosel umpan (d1), diameter
nosel keluaran uap (d2) dan diameter nosel keluaran cairan (d3). Gunakan harga K = 0.15 fps
dan waktu hold-up cairan = 10 menit.

Jawab
Design of a vertical vapor/liquid separator
Liquid Vapor
Flow kg/hr 25000 15000
Density kg/m3 650 3.5
Volume m3/hr 38.46 =D8/D9 4285.71 =F8/F9

Selected vessel configuration No demister


No inlet device

Vessel Diameter
Selected K values fps 0.15
m/s 0.0457 =E16/3.2808
Max. vapor velocity m/s 0.621 =E17*((C9-E9)/E9)^0.5
Min. cross sectional area m2 1.92 =E10/3600/E18
Min. diameter m 1.56 =(4*E10/3600/3.14/E18)^0.5
Use 1.56 m
Vessel Height
Step 1: Set the low liquid level
LLL 0.2 m Use 0.2 m

Step 2: Set the height for liquid hold-up


Required liquid hold-up 10 min
6.41 m3 =D27/60*C10
LLL->HLL 3.35 m =D28/(3.14*E20^2/4) Use 3.35 m

Step 3: Set clearance HLL to inlet nozzle


1. Min. distance 0.3 m
2. 0.3 x diam 0.47 m Use 0.47 m

Step 4: Inlet nozzle


Sizing basis inlet nozzle rho v^2 1000 No inlet device
rho mix 9.25 m3/hr =(C11+E11)/(C13+E13)
v^2 108.104 =F39/F40
v 10.40 m/s =F41^0.5
Total volume 4324.18 m3/hr =C13+E13
1.20 m3/s =F43/3600
A min nozzle 0.116 m2 =F44/F42
D min 0.384 m =(4*F45/3.14)^0.5 Use 0.384 m

Step 5: Inlet nozzle to Top LL No demister


1. Min. distance 0.9 m
2. 0.7 x diam. 1.09 m =0.7*E23 Use 1.09 m

Total TL to TL distance 5.49 m =I27+I32+I36+I46+I50


Vessel diameter 1.56 m =I24

Nozzle Size
Feed nozzle 0.384 m =I46 Use 15.10 in
Vapor outlet nozzle
Sizing basis rho v^2 3750
rho vapor 3.5 kg/m3 =E12
v^2 1071.43 =D58/D59
v 32.73 m/s =D60^0.5
Total volume 4285.71 m3/hr =E13
1.19 m3/s =D62/3600
A min nozzle 0.036 m2 =D63/D61
D min 0.215 m =(4*D64/3.14)^0.5 Use 8.474 in
Liquid outlet nozzle
Sizing basis vmax 1 m/s
Total volume 38.46 m3/hr =C13
0.01 m3/s =D68/3600
A min nozzle 0.011 m2 =D69/D67
D min 0.117 m =(4*D70/3.14)^0.5 Use 4.593 in