How to Build a Deck with Pressure Treated Lumber

Introduction A deck provides a focal point for your outdoor enjoyment. Since you will probably be living with your design for a long time, planning is important. You must consider what you will use your deck for, the location, any legal considerations and size. Tool and Material Checklist
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Level and Line Level Mason's Line Ready-mixed Concrete, Gravel Shovel Structural Connectors Adjustable Wrench Chalk Line 8d and 16d Galvanized Common/Box Nails Lumber for Posts, Ledger, Beams and Joists Railing Material Stain 6 mil. Black Polyethylene Plumb Bob 2x2s and 1x4s for Batter Boards Wheelbarrow Concrete Piers Lag Screws, Hex Bolts w/ Nuts and Washers Hammer Measuring Tape Screws Deck Boards Framing Square Brushes and Thinner

Procedure Once you have made a decision on what you will use your deck for, you can begin planning your deck. When choosing the location, consider the climate, privacy and view. WARNING: LOCAL ZONING ORDINANCES MAY LIMIT THE OVERALL SIZE OF YOUR DECK, HEIGHT OF PRIVACY SCREENS AND MIIMUM DISTANTANCE FROM THE DEC TO YOUR LOT LINES. CHECK TO SEE IF A BUILDIONG PERMIT IS REQUIRED. CALL THE UTILITY COMPANIES TO LOCATE LINES AND UTILITY RIGHT ± OF ±WAYS.

1. First, prepare the ground under the deck by removing the sod. Slope the ground away from the house a minimum of 1 every 15 for drainage. Once deck is finished, the ground should be covered with 6 mil. Polyethylene to keep weeds from growing. 2. Measure and mark the position of the ledger along the wall. The height of the ledger should be 1 below the bottom of the door plus the thickness of the decking. 3. Mount a 2x6 ledger to the wall with ½ lag screws. The ledger must be level, and the lag screws should be long enough to penetrate the suds at least 3 . Use two lag screws at each end, one at each wall stud (typically 16 on center) in between. Install a Z shaped flashing above a ledger to shed water.

4. Measure out from each end of the ledger about 18 beyond the outside edge of the deck. Set up batter boards as shown, then run taut string from each end of the ledger between batter boards. Square the layout by measuring opposite diagonals, and then adjust the ledger-to-batter-board strings until both measurements are equal.

5. Use a plumb bob (a conical metal weight attached to a plumb string) from the string to establish the location of the footings. It is a good idea to dig 6 deeper and fill the bottom of the hole with gravel to allow drainage. 6. Mi x concrete and pour footings.

TIP: TO FIND THE NUMBER OF 90# BAGS OF READY MIX CONCRETE YOU LL NEED FOR EACH 12X12 FOOTING, MEASURE THE DEPTH OF THE FOOTINGS IN INCHES AND DIVIDE BY 8. Set pre caster pour after each pour so it extends 6 above the ground.

7. After concrete is set, stand posts on piers. Use temporary braces and a level to plumb the posts. 8. Fasten post to beam connectors on the top of the posts with nails and ½ x 5 ½ hex bolts, and then set the beams into the connector. Secure the beams. 9. Mark the joist locations on both the beams and ledger at 16 . Set joists with crown up.

10. Lay deck boards with bark side up, with both ends centered over a joist. Stagger the joints. Space boards 1/8 . TIP: USE A 16D NAIL BETWEEN BOARDS TO SPACE EVENLY. 11. Fasten deck boards to joists with 2 fasteners. Let decking run over the edge, and then saw the ends off.

12. Secure the railings posts at each corner and on each side of the stairs. Conclusion If you follow the procedure correctly, you should have no trouble creating a deck you will enjoy for a long time. Be sure to always make sure your foundation is slanted away from your home. Take your time; don t try to complete the project quickly. It will cause you to take short cuts that may cost you more time and money in the future. A beautiful, versatile deck can extend your lifestyle and add richness and pleasure to daily living.

Sources
E How. How to build a Deck Attatched to a House.

http://www.ehow.com/how_9040_build-

deck.html
Lowe s. Designing a Deck. http://www.lowescreativeideas.com/idea-

library/videos/Project_Center_0209_How_To_Build_a_Deck_Part1.aspx

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