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Bureau of Fire Protection

"Save Lives and Properties"

Operational area

Country Philippines

Address BFP National Headquarters, Agham Road, Sitio

San Roque, Barangay Bagong Pag-asa,

Diliman, Quezon City

Agency overview

Established January 29, 1991

Employees 100,000+

Fire chief Director Leonard R. Bañago, DSC

The Bureau of Fire Protection[1] (Filipino: Kawanihan ng Pagtatanggol sa Sunog, acronym BFP) is
an agency of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) responsible for
implementing national policies related to Firefighting and fire prevention as well as implementation of
the Philippine Fire Code (PD 1185), which has been repealed and replaced by the New Fire Code of
the Philippines (RA 9514). Formerly known as the Integrated National Police Fire Service, the
BFP is in charge of the administration and management of municipal and city fire and emergency
services all over the country.


 1History
o 1.1Fire Chiefs
 2Fire alarm levels
 3Organization
o 3.1Base Units
o 3.2Line Units
 4Gallery
 5See also
 6References


Badge of the Bureau of Fire Protection.

The BFP traces its roots from the defunct Constabulary Fire Protection Bureau, then later PC-INP
Office of Fire Protection Service.[2]
The agency was founded on January 29, 1991, pursuant to the provisions of Republic Act 6975,
which established the Department of Interior and Local Government.[3]
The Bureau now is in charge of management, administration, and implementation of fire and
emergency services all over the country.
The Bureau of Jail Management and Penology is an attached agency of the Department of the
Interior and Local Government mandated to direct, supervise and control the administration and
operation of all district, city and municipal jails in the Philippines with pronged tasks of safekeeping
and development of its inmates.


 1History
 2Operations
 3Command Structure
o 3.1National Office
o 3.2Directorates
o 3.3Support Services
 4External links

It was created on January 2, 1991 by virtue of Republic Act No. 6975 also known as the Department
of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990. Prior to its creation, the Office of Jail Management
and Penology of then Philippine Constabulary - Integrated National Police was the agency handling
the local penology of the Philippines. It aimed to separate the agency from the national police,
reporting directly to the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government.

The Jail Bureau, pursuant to Section 60 to 65, Chapter V, Republic Act No. 6975 amended by
Republic Act No. 9263 (Bureau of Fire Protection and Bureau of Jail Management and Penology
Professionalization Act of 2004), is headed by a Chief who is assisted by two (2) Deputy Chiefs, one
(1) for Administration and another for Operations, and one (1) Chief of Directorial Staff, all of whom
are appointed by the President upon the recommendation of the Secretary of the Interior and Local
Government from among the qualified officers with the rank of at least Senior Superintendent in the
Jail Bureau. The Chief of the Jail Bureau carries the rank of Director and serves a tour of duty that
must not exceed four (4) years, unless extended by the President in times of war and other national
The Jail Bureau operates and maintains Regional Offices in each of the administrative regions of the
country, headed by a Regional Director for Jail Management and Penology, with the rank of at least
Senior Superintendent. The Regional Director is assisted by an Assistant Regional Director for
Administration, Assistant Regional Director for Operations, and Regional Chief of Directorial Staff,
who are all officers with the rank of at least Superintendent.
In every province, the Jail Bureau operates and maintains a Provincial Jail Administrator’s Office
headed by a Provincial Administrator, who oversee the implementation of jail services of all district,
city and municipal jails within its territorial jurisdiction. In large cities or a group of clustered
municipalities, a District Jail headed by a District Warden may be established. The City and
Municipal Jails, each headed by a City or Municipal Warden.
Philippine National Police
Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas

Insignia and uniform patch


Abbreviation PNP

Motto To Serve and to Protect

Agency overview

Formed January 29, 1991[1]

 Philippine Constabulary(August 18,

1901–January 29, 1991)[2]
 Integrated National Police(August 8,
1975–January 29, 1991)

Annual budget US$ 1.832 billion (₱ 88.513 billion)


Jurisdictional structure

National agency Philippines

Operations Philippines

Headquarters Camp Crame, Quezon City

Police officers 170,000

Agency  Police Dir. Gen. Oscar D.

executive Albayalde, Chief, PNP

Parent agency Department of the Interior and Local

Government via National Police


The Philippine National Police (Filipino: Pambansang Pulisya ng Pilipinas, abbreviated PNP) is the
armed, civiliannational police force in the Philippines. Its national headquarters is at Camp
Crame in Quezon City, Metro Manila, and it has 170,000 personnel.
It is administered and controlled by the National Police Commission and is part of the Department of
the Interior and Local Government (DILG). Local Police officers are operationally controlled by
municipal mayors (except during the 30 days immediately preceding and following any national,
local and barangay elections. During these periods, the local police forces are under the supervision and control of
the Commission on Elections). DILG, on the other hand, organizes, trains and equips the PNP for the
performance of police functions as a police force that is national in scope and civilian in character.
The PNP was formed on January 29, 1991 when the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated
National Police were merged pursuant to Republic Act 6975 of 1990.[1]


 1History
 2Organization
o 2.1Internal Affairs Service
o 2.2Philippine National Police Academy
o 2.3National Operations Center (NOC)
o 2.4Division
o 2.5PNP Radio
 3Officers
o 3.1Recruitment and training
 4Equipment
 5Controversies
o 5.1Manila blackmail incident
o 5.2Euro Generals scandal
o 5.3Parañaque shootout
o 5.4Binayug torture case
o 5.5Maguindanao massacre
o 5.6Failed hostage rescue operation
o 5.7"Wheel of Torture" secret detention facility
o 5.8Kidnapping and killing of Jee Ick-Joo
 6See also
 7References
 8External links

The common history of the police forces of the Philippines can be traced back to the reigns of the
pre-Hispanic lakans, datus and sultans in the islands, where soldiers who served in the communities
where the people lived (and which reported directly to local leaders) also enforced local laws. All
changed with the arrival of the Spanish rule and the introduction of Western law to the archipelago.
Until 1868, personnel of the Spanish army and local militias were also tasked with policing duties in
local communities, together with the Island Carabiniers (raised 1768 and the colony's first ever police
service). In that year, the local branch of the Civil Guard was officially established by order of then
Governor-General Carlos María de la Torre y Nava Cerrada. Starting from a single division, during
the Revolutionary period it grew into a corps of military police with detachments in Luzon and the
Visayas, and was notorious for its abuses against Filipinos. (These abuses were mentioned in José
Rizal's two novels, Noli Me Tángere and El filibusterismo, both writing about several cases of Civil
Guardsmen abusing the local populace.) Civil Guardsmen formed part of the Spanish military forces
that fought against Filipino rebels during the Philippine Revolution.
With the beginning of American rule and the Philippine–American War, the Philippine
Constabulary (PC) was raised in 1901 as a national gendarmerie force for law enforcement, directly
reporting to the American government. At the same time, what is now the Manila Police
District came into existence as the Philippines' first city police force. Later police forces began to
model the US departments.
The gendarmerie force was later integrated into the ranks of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in
the late 1930s - first as a command of the Army, and later on its own after the State Police folded.
(The PC's personnel would later be fighting on both sides in the Second World War.)
Passed on December 13, 1990, Republic Act No. 6975, the Department of the Interior and Local
Government Act of 1990, ordered the merger of both the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated
National Police and formally created the Philippine National Police. R.A. 6975 was further amended
by R.A. 8551, the Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998, and by R.A.
9708. The R.A. 8551 envisioned the PNP to be a community- and service-oriented agency.
National Police Commission

Pambansang Komisyon ng Pulisya

Department overview

Formed 1966

Headquarters DILG NAPOLCOM Center, EDSA cor

Quezon Avenue, West Triangle, Quezon
City, Philippines

Annual budget P1.346 billion (2011)

 Usec. Eduardo Año (DILG OIC),

Acting Chairman
 Rogelio T. Casurao, Vice-Chairman
& Executive Officer
 PDG Oscar D. Albayalde, Ex-
Officio Commissioner & Chief, PNP

Parent Department of Interior and Local

Department Government

Child  Philippine National Police


NAPOLCOM, EDSA, Quezon Avenue

The National Police Commission (Filipino: Pambansang Komisyon ng Pulisya), abbreviated

as NAPOLCOM, is an agency of the Department of the Interior and Local Government responsible
for the administration and control of the Philippine National Police (PNP). It has the authority to
administer police entrance examination, to investigate police anomalies and irregularities, and to
summarily dismiss erring police officers.[1]


 1History
 2Organization
 3References
 4External links

The NAPOLCOM traces its roots from the creation of the Police Commission (POLCOM) under
Republic Act 4864 (Police Act of 1966). It was reorganized as the National Police Commission
(NAPOLCOM) in 1972.
The NAPOLCOM was under the Office of the President before being transferred to the Ministry of
National Defense in 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree 765 (Police Integration Law). In 1980, the
agency was returned to the Office of the President by Executive Order No. 1040.[2]
In 1990, with the establishment of the Philippine National Police (PNP), the present NAPOLCOM
was created within the newly reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
under Republic Act No. 6975. The agency's authority was further strengthened and expanded by
Republic Act No. 8551, otherwise known as 'Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization
Act of 1998'.[2][3]

The NAPOLCOM as a collegial body is composed of an ex-officio chairperson, four (4) regular
Commissioners, and the PNP Chief as ex-officio member, one of whom is designated by the
President as the vice-chairperson. The DILG Secretary is the ex-officio chairperson, while the vice-
chairperson is the executive officer of the Commission.
The ex-officio chairperson and four (4) Commissioners constitute the Commission Proper which
serves as the governing body of NAPOLCOM. The incumbent chairperson is DILG Officer in Charge
Usec. Catalino Cuy.
The NAPOLCOM also has Disciplinary Appellate Boards and various Staff Services as well as
eighteen (18) Regional Offices which are strategically located in the different regional divisions of the

The Philippine Department of the Interior and Local Government (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Interyor
at Pamahalaang Lokal), abbreviated as DILG, is the executive department of the Philippine
government responsible for promoting peace and order, ensuring public safety and strengthening
local government capability aimed towards the effective delivery of basic services to the citizenry.[2]

The DILG Building (right) beside the yet to be completed The Skysuites Tower (left), Quezon Avenue, EDSA

The department is currently led by the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, nominated by
the President of the Philippines and confirmed by the Commission on Appointments. The Secretary
is a member of the Cabinet. The current Secretary of the Interior and Local Government is
Former AFP Chief of Staff Eduardo Año.


 1History
 2List of Secretaries of the Interior and Local Government
 3Organizational Structure[9]
o 3.1Bureaus
 4Attached Agencies
 5References

The DILG traces its roots in the Tejeros Convention of Sept. 21, 1897. As the Department of the
Interior, it was among the first Cabinet positions of the proposed revolutionary Philippine
government, wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected President. The leader of Katipunan's
Magdiwang faction, Andres Bonifacio, was originally elected Director of the Interior in the
convention, but a controversial objection to his election led to the Magdiwang's walk-out and his
refusal to accept the position. Gen. Pascual Alvarez would be appointed as Secretary by Aguinaldo
on April 17, 1897, during the Naic Assembly.
The Department of the Interior was officially enshrined on November 1, 1897, upon the promulgation
of the Biak-na-Bato Republic, with Isabelo Artacho as Secretary. Article XV of the Biak-na-Bato
Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department that included statistics, roads and
bridges, agriculture, public information and posts, and public order.[3]
Following the American occupation in 1901, the Department of the Interior was among the four
departments created by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 222.[4] Americans headed the
department until 1917, when Rafael Palma was appointed by Governor-General Francis
Harrison following the passage of the Jones Law. The Interior Department was tasked with various
functions ranging from supervision over local units, forest conservation, public instructions, control
and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development and
cooperatives development programs.[3]
At the onset of World War II, Pres. Manuel L. Quezon abolished the department via Executive Order
390. It was resurrected as part of the Philippine Executive Commission in 1942 under the Japanese
Occupation, but abolished once again the following year, upon the establishment of the Second
Philippine Republic. Its Secretary before the abolition, Jose P. Laurel, was elected as Philippine
President by the National Assembly.
The department was reinstated by Pres. Sergio Osmeña months after the country's liberation from
Japanese forces in December 1944. It was then merged with the Department of National Defense in
July 1945. Pres. Manuel Roxas' Executive Order No. 94 in 1947 split the Department of National
Defense and the Interior, and tasked the newly reorganized Interior Department to supervise the
administration of the Philippine Constabulary and all local political subdivisions, among others.[5]
A 1950 reorganization via Executive Order No. 383 (in pursuance of Republic Act 422) abolished the
Interior Department once again.[6] Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government
(later the Local Government and Civil Affairs Office) under the Office of the President.
On January 6, 1956, under Pres. Ramon Magsaysay, the Presidential Assistant on Community
Development (PACD) office was created via Executive Order No. 156, with functions resembling that
of the Interior Department sans supervision over the police force. It was renamed the Presidential
Arm on Community Development in 1966.
The department was restored on November 7, 1972, with the creation of the Department of Local
Government and Community Development (DLGCD). The DLGCD was reorganized as a ministry in
the parliamentary Batasang Pambansa in 1978, renamed the Ministry of Local Government in
1982,[7] and became the Department of Local Government (DLG) in 1987.
On December 13, 1990, Republic Act 6975 placed the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire
Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College under
the reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG).[2] The new DILG merged
the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), and all the bureaus, offices, and operating units of
the former DLG under Executive Order No. 262.[8] RA 6975 paved the way for the union of the local
governments and the police force after nearly four decades of separation.