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Sixth Grade Science 6

Earth's Water Post Test Reduced Number

ID: 354553 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.a

1.

At which point in the water cycle is condensation taking place?

A. At point A

B. At point B

C. At point C

D. At point D

ID: 354554 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.a


2.

At which point in the water cycle is liquid water changing into water vapor?

A. At point A

B. At point B
C. At point C
D. At point D

ID: 354556 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.a

3.

The flowchart below shows part of Earth’s water cycle. The question marks indicate a
part of the flowchart that has been deliberately left blank. Which process should be
shown in place of the question marks to best complete the flowchart?

A. condensation
B. evaporation

C. deposition

D. infiltration

ID: 318578 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

4.

The water cycle involves energy changes and the continuous movement of water
between Earth and its atmosphere. Condensation Primary takes place

A. On the Earths surface


B. In the atmosphere
C. In the oceans
D. In the polar ice caps

ID: 347593 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

5. Which statement about Earth’s water is TRUE?

A. The total amount of water on Earth constantly changes.


B. The total amount of water on Earth stays the same.
C. People can live without water.
D. Plants and animals can live without water.

ID: 347598 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

6.

A student makes a model of the water cycle by using a cup, some water, and plastic
wrap. After the student places the model near a sunny window, moisture forms on the
inside of the plastic wrap.

What part of the water cycle is being represented on the plastic wrap?

A. Evaporation
B. Condensation
C. Accumulation
D. Precipitation

ID: 347599 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

7. What is the sun’s role in the water cycle?

A. To provide light for the cycle.


B. To provide the energy to drive the cycle.
C. To produce precipitation during the cycle.
D. To cause water to condense in the cycle.

ID: 347600 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

8.

At which point is PRECIPITATION taking place?

A. Point A
B. Point B
C. Point C
D. Point D

ID: 350793 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

9. In the water cycle, the sun’s energy causes…

A. evaporation.
B. condensation.
C. precipitation.
D. percolation.

ID: 350792 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

10. Which process increases the salinity of ocean water?

A. the Coriolis effect


B. convection currents
C. evaporation
D. continental deflection

ID: 350796 — Correct: C — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

11.

A. Runoff leaves salt in the soil.


B. Precipitation leaves salt in the clouds.
C. Evaporation leaves salt in the ocean.
D. Condensation leaves alt in the water vapor.
ID: 354569 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.3.b

12. Each of the choices below produces energy. Determine which one provides the
energy source that powers Earth’s water cycle.

A. Earth’s rotation

B. Heat from the sun

C. Radiation from the Earth’s core

D. The sun’s gravity

ID: 373916 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

13. The process by which plants release water into the air is called?

A. precipitation
B. condensation
C. photosynthesis
D. transpiration

ID: 373917 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

14. Water that falls to Earth as rain, snow, sleet, or hail is called?

A. condensation
B. evaporation
C. precipitation
D. transpiration

ID: 372598 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b


15. What stage in the water cycle changes a liquid to a gas?

A. condensation
B. precipitation
C. infiltration
D. evaporation

ID: 372599 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

16. Water soaking into the ground after a rainstorm is what process in the water cycle?

A. condensation
B. precipitation
C. infiltration
D. evaporation

ID: 372601 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GSE E.3.b

17. What is the plant's role in the water cycle when water leaves a plant and becomes
water vapor?

A. transpiration
B. evaporation
C. condensation
D. precipitation

ID: 255798 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

18. What powers the water cycle?

A. Earth’s inner core


B. Ocean currents
C. Gravity

D. The sun’s energy


ID: 255799 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

19. The process in which liquid water moves from bodies of water to the atmosphere as
vapor is known as:

A. Evaporation
B. Condensation
C. Precipitation
D. Evapotranspiration

ID: 255800 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

20. The process in which water vapor turns into a liquid is known as:

A. Evaporation
B. Condensation
C. Precipitation

D. Evapotranspiration

ID: 255803 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

21. How does water in the atmosphere return to the ground in the water cycle?

A. Evaporation
B. Condensation
C. Precipitation
D. Runoff

ID: 255804 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b


22. Water vapor in the air cools to form the water droplets in clouds. What process is this
in the water cycle?

A. Evaporation
B. Condensation
C. Precipitation

D. Percolation

ID: 255805 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

23. Moisture that falls to the ground as rain, sleet, snow, or hail is called…

A. evaporation.
B. condensation.
C. precipitation.
D. runoff.

ID: 255806 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

24. In the water cycle, the sun’s energy causes…

A. evaporation.
B. condensation.
C. precipitation.
D. percolation.

ID: 255807 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

25. Which of the following does not occur in the water cycle?
A. Evaporation
B. Sedimentation
C. Precipitation
D. Runoff

ID: 255808 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

26.

Which of the following is an example of transpiration?

A. Water seeps into pore spaces of soil.


B. Water vapor is released through pores in the leaves of plants (stomata).
C. Water vapor is released when humans exhale.

D. Salt is taken out of ocean water for countries in need of freshwater.

ID: 255811 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

27. TRUE OR FALSE? The reason why fresh water is formed through evaporation is
because salt from ocean water is too dense to rise with the water.

A. True
B. False

ID: 288845 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

28. Most water in Earth's atmosphere is in the gaseous form, called _____.

A. water vapor
B. rain
C. carbond dioxide
D. water

ID: 288848 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

29. Clouds form when water vapor in air becomes liquid in the process called _____.

A. evaporation
B. runoff
C. transpiration
D. condensation

ID: 288852 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

30. Clouds form by ____

A. Air warming to its dew point and condensing


B. Water vapor evaporating up to a cloud
C. Air cooling to its dew point and condensing
D. cold air is more dense than warm air

ID: 288857 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.b

31. Relative humidity can be measured with a

A. hydrometer.
B. barometer.
C. psychrometer.
D. thermometer.

ID: 255673 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.5.j

32. Which of the following describes safe water conservation practices being practiced by
a community?

A. Look for and fix leaky faucets


B. Save water in toilet by adding a brick or jug
C. Turn off faucet while brishing teeth
D. All of the above

ID: 255659 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.a

33. About what percent of the Earth’s water is salt water (ocean water)?

A. 1%
B. 3%
C. 71%
D. 97%

ID: 255661 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.a

34. About what percent of the Earth’s freshwater is frozen in ice caps and glaciers?

A. 11%
B. 12%
C. 0.3-0.4%
D. 68-70%

ID: 255662 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.3.a


35. About what percent of the Earth’s freshwater is surface water (rivers, lakes, and
streams)?

A. 11%
B. 12%
C. 0.3-0.4%
D. 70-76%