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SMART GRID
TECHNOLOGY


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Table of contents:
u Introduction to smart grid?
u Pillars of smart grid
u Overview of smart grid
u Need of a smart grid
u Comparison between smart grid and today͛s grid
u Components of smart grid
u Smart meter
u Upcoming technologies
u Devices for it
u Initiatives towards smart grid
u Benefits and loopholes
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Pillars of Smart Grid
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Overview of Smart Grid
NEED FOR A SMART GRID
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-Analogue/electromechanical -Digital/microprocessor controlled
-Reactive(prone to failures and blackouts) -Proactive
- One pricing - Real time pricing
-No/limited consumer choice. -Multiple consumer products
-One-way communication (if any) -Two-way/integrated communication
-Few sensors -Many monitors and sensors
-Manual restoration -Condition -performance-based
maintenance
-Limited transparency with customers and -Transparency with customers and
regulators regulators
-Limited control over power flows -Pervasive control systems
-Estimated reliability -Predictive reliability
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Power grid͛s initiative towards
smart grid:
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Benefits of smart grid:
u Integrate isolated technologies : Smart Grid enables
better energy management.
u Proactive management of electrical network during
emergency situations.
u Better demand supply / demand response
management.
u Better power quality
u Reduce carbon emissions.
u Increasing demand for energy : requires more
complex and critical solution with better energy
management
Loopholes of smart grid:
u Present Infrastructure is inadequate and requires
augmentation to support the growth of Smart Grids.
u Most renewable resources are intermittent and can
not be relied on (in its present form)for secure energy
supply
u Regulatory Policies to deal with consequences of
Smart Grid; like off peak, peak tariffs and other
related matters.
u Grid Operation : Monitoring & control
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