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Campus Architecture

Annotated Bibliography:

Campus Architecture

Joash Alanis

University of Texas El Paso

RWS 1301

Dr. Vierra

October 22, 2018

Campus Architecture

Research Questions
1. What makes school architecture so special?

2. Does it have impact on students and visitors?

3. Who decides the architecture?

4. What is the simplification of a campus architecture?

5. How does the architecture compare to other schools?

Campus Architecture

Annotated Bibliography
Wardle, E., & Downs, D. (2017). Writing about writing: A college reader. (3rd ed., pp. 782-802).

Boston, MA: Bedford.

Rose (1980) acknowledges the concept of writing block and what writers can do to avoid that (p.

787). Rose studies ten students and identifies five student who get writers block and

another five who do not get writers block. The reading is interesting for the way Rose

contemplates the mind of how there is writer's block. He simply states that those with

writer's block is not bad thing, more of a writer trying to identify and making that

everything is being processed correctly (p. 796). It is just the writer's mind way of

making an involuntary decision about the writing that is being created.

Bennett, Michael A;Benton, Stephen.(2001).What are the buildings saying?:A study of first year

undergraduate students' attributions about college campus architecture, Washington, D.C.

Naspa Journal

Bennett and Stephen (2001) state that there was a research done for a certain university. This

research was to identify which group of students could determine what each structure of

the campus meant. Meaning, if the structure actually plays an important part in their

college experience. They study also contains how each induvial will response to

analyzing the campus structure. The way the students analyze it is, they are given some

pictures to look at. They are not only supposed look at it, but they need to study it in

order to identify its uniqueness. The research result is more help the student understand

the belief they have towards their college career.

Campus Architecture

Brittin, J., Sorensen, D., (2015). Physical activity design guidelines for school architecture. ​PloS

one​, ​10​(7), e0132597.

According to Brittin and Sorense (2015), they acknowledge how the architecture of a school can

impact the physical lifestyle of a student (p. 1). They believe that those students with a

more open space school tend to have better physical lifestyle (p. 3). There is an example

placed where a university with stair use has a higher rate and more productive rate of

physical activity. This is to identify that, that a school does need a good architecture type

of facility help a student be well fit and not so much in an enclosed space, but have the

students moving around.

Lamm, Zvi. (1986). The Architecture of Schools and the Philosophy of Education. ERIC

Zvi (1986) states that architecture in a campus helps a student decide their career. The study

shows that depending on the environment where the campus is located, or the way is

designed, it inspires the student choosing their job field. Also explains how the

architecture helps the students be more social among their peers. For example, a school

can have a much different view from the outside, than it would from the inside of a class

room. That is what Zvi, calls an ideology, makes the student think of the architecture, and

what it represents, so it also makes the student think more, especially of what they’d like

their career to be.

Wu, N. I. (1963). Chinese and Indian architecture: the city of man, the Mountain of God, and the

realm of the immortals. New York: G. Braziller.

Wu states the architecture about China and India, and what it takes to build their structures. He

states that there are several factors to how these two countries are alike in their
Campus Architecture

architecture. Both countries base their areas to worshiping their God. Indians place is

known as, The Indian mountain of God, which is near the Himalayas (pg. 14-15). China’s

architecture, Wu states, it is known as Chinese city of man. It is stated like that because

back in the emperor days, emperor’s decisions were based on a certain way, it wasn’t

until designs started to shape into a resemblance of a humble family (pg. 30-31).

Upitis, R. (2004). School architecture and complexity.​ Complicity: An International Journal of

Complexity and Education, 1​(1)

Upitis (2004) states that there is a study about he architecture of a school, and how it impacts the

student academically. The study is, how basic learning classes like math, reading, writing

is affected by the structure of the school. What Upitis tries to discuss though, is how other

type of learning affects to students in general. For example, standardized testing, or

elective classes like music or art. The study showed that there’s no research done on

students being affected by it, and how it would benefit if teachers and architects gathered

to provide ideas for students to more successful in their academics based on the

architecture if the school.

Murphy, J. (2013). The architecture of school improvement: lessons learned. Thousand Oaks,


Murphy states that there are three lessons to clarify the importance of school improvement.

Comments that the three ways of understanding the importance of school structure are

first identifying how the death of a school works. It is about what makes a school

unsuccessful and how teachers try to analyze it (pg. 2-10). A Second is to identify how a

school structure makes a comeback. With the second lesson, Murphy states that this
Campus Architecture

about how teachers and architectures work together to identify the major components that

will be needed to bring a school become what it is supposed to be (pg.11-17). Lastly is to

understand what the finalized structure of a school looks like.

Masschelein, J., & Simons, M. (2010). Schools as architecture for newcomers and strangers: The

perfect school as public school?.​ Teachers College Record, 112​(2), 533-555.

According to Masschelein and Simons (2010), teachers have a made a study on how they can

improve a school. This article is not just how architecture of a school affects the people in

a school but the families as well, of the students that attend. It is a way of teachers

thinking how to make a good representation to families that show up. The teachers

believe that the community and the people not just in school but outside of it, have a

voice in what should be done. There is no new way of remodeling a school, but there is

always an idea of what could be done to look like what it should.

Hamilton, Nancy. (2010). ​University of Texas at El Paso​. Texas: ​Texas State Historical Association

According to Hamilton (2010), this article talks about the history of UTEP. It talks about where

the idea of the UTEP campus architecture came from (par. 1). It is a unique lifestyle to

the El Paso atmosphere. That was the unique thing about it, at the time it was the

mountains that gave the architecture of the school what it is today. It was not till 1917

that a fire broke out in the old campus location, that the design and image of the new

campus location came about. It was ​architect Henry C. Trost that made the designs of the

original buildings which are Old Main, Graham, and Quinn halls.
Campus Architecture

Tanner, C. K. (2000). The influence of school architecture on academic achievement.​ Journal of

Educational Administration, 38(​ 4), 309-330.

According to Tanner (2000), there is hardly any information on what should be done to improve campus

architecture. It is about how faculty and board member are worried to much on standard testing

and test scores that there is no concern on the structure of school (para. 1). There is still the

idea of keeping a school as the past and not wanting to modernize it one bit. Teachers and

instructors feel that students will not evolve if their own school wont either. Faculty members

must be educated on this as well so that there is a voice being heard and changes are made.

There are seven schools that go through the process of investigation and notice how students

are affected in each separately.

Student Publications. (2011, January 25). Construction.​ The Prospector​ Retrieved from


According to the Prospector (2011), there is notice of how the construction in UTEP affects the

students and faculty. One of the constructions being worked on is the glory road parking

by Don Haskin (P. 1). It is one of the buildings the will help students with more parking

access. There is also talk about the new recreational center being built.

UTEP Student Publications. (2011, January 18). ​The Prospector​, pp. 3. Retrieved from


The Prospector (2011), writes about the centennial museum. William Woods is director with the

idea of what the Museum will be like. He also believes the project is something that will
Campus Architecture

help out students on archiving or providing ideas for students in their career. That is one

of the examples of what the construction of a museum benefits the students.