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Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 1

Annotated Bibliography:

UTEP Campus Architecture

Yoseph Hernandez

The University of Texas at El Paso

RWS 1301

Dr. Vierra

October 28, 2018


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 2

Research Questions

1. Why did UTEP pick this type of architecture?

2. Is the Bhutanese Architecture a show or display or does it have a purpose?

3. Does UTEP architecture impact a student to visit or pursue their education here?

4. Do the buildings encourage others to learn about the architecture?

5. Why is its history?


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 3

Annotated Bibliography

Alvarez D. (2003, March 5). Images of Bhutan. The Prospector, pp. 8. Retrieved from

https://theprospector.newspaperarchive.com/el-p2aso-prospector/2003-03-05/page-8/

People that addend the University of Texas at El Paso will notice that the building design

are kind of weird. They notice that the buildings edging are slanted just a little and no this

is normal. The architectures and engineers did not make a mistake. This type architecture

that is displayed around campus is the story of a land that is far away. UTEP is well

connected to the landlock country of Bhutan in the eastern Himalayas. The person that

was inspired by the architecture was the first dean’s wife Mrs. Kathleen Worrell. She is

the reason that the architecture of today’s UTEP is the way it is because she wants

something that would complement the rugged terrain of El Paso to the college’s new site.

The land of Thunder Dragon, Bhutan has brought life to people and the architecture of

UTEP has brought the students to life as well for people to go about their daily lives

(para. 2).

Dasho R. D. (1993). In Department of Works, Housing and Roads Royal Government of Bhutan

Thimphu- Bhutan, An Introduction to Traditional Architecture of Bhutan. Singapore:

Wah Mee Press.

Dasho (1993) expresses that Bhutan has maintained a strict policy of staying hidden for

centuries, and it is now considered the country where religion and culture of Tibetan

Buddhism is preserved in its original form (p. 1). Bhutan is isolated in the Himalayan

valley which makes it separated from India and it prevents Buddhism to merge their

religion with that of India. Indigenous people still live in this country and their

infrastructure consist of monasteries which is very important to the people. This is what

their place of living, and worship are, it’s their holy palace. Bhutan doesn’t want to
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interact with India and its people cause their Buddhism is altered in a way Bhutan doesn’t

agree with and that is why this have been secluded to the rest of the world.

Das, N. (1974). The dragon country: The general history of Bhutan. Orient: Longman. P.1-3.

Nirmala Das (1974) claims that the history of Bhutan is cover and a mystery to us. There

is verylittle on what we know about this culture and that it is considered one of the

remotest country in the world (p. 3). There is evidence that the Bhutan’s origin is

connected to the Hindu kingdom. They both have worshipped the God they believe in

Shiva. People do not have any proof of the people of Bhutan at all, but Bhattacharya

believes that there is a chance that there was some at one time. The Bhutanese people of

today are not the original of the Bhutan people back then, the ones of today are called

Drukpas. Bhutan was possessed by a tribe called Bhotia Telphu of India. Bhutan was not

its own country it did not have borders it did not have a geographical entity. It was ruled

by many people including some of Hindu chiefs, they did not have a king that ruled them

for years it was just jumping around one person to another (p. 3).

Gellner, E. (1982). Bhutan: The Early History of a Himalayan Kingdom, The Journal of Asian

Studies 41(3), 609-611. New Delhi: Deep Co.-Book World

In the Himalayan kingdom there is two countries that have their own religion. These two

countries Bhutan and Nepal have relations that were established in 1983 (p. 610). The

two Himalayan countries are both landlocked and are only separated by an Indian state of

Sikkim. They both border India and the People’s Republic of China. Bhutan has one

religion and that is Buddhism and it is protected by its political roof. In Nepal their

religion is strictly Hinduism. In the northern part of the country Nepal some of the people

are practice their religion of Bhutan. Even those these countries have different religion,
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political divisions, they seem to get along and be united together and work things out.

That’s why they have not being taken over by India or China. Like Michael Aris says that

“the only independent Lamaist states to have escaped absorption (p. 611).”

Guillen A. (2014, January 28). The grand scheme of things: Masterplan revels drastic changes on

campus, subject to change. The Prospector, p. 2. Retrieved from

https://digitalcommons.utep.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1161&context=prospector

In the year 2014 UTEP master plan is not to merely to set an image of what the campus

will look like, but what we plan to show and be determine to what we will become. The

master plan will incorporate the vision of the old and new values (para. 2). They plan to

have UTEP as a closes campus and want to call it a “pedestrian oasis,” which means that

they want students to roam freely and communicate with one another (para. 3). This

master plan will have the regional landscape look to it as well as the incorporation of the

Bhutanese Architecture. This plan will change the outdoor environment of interaction on

the campus, to a more social style to where the students get to interact with each other for

example, studying, and campus events. If the plan goes as plan the students will have

green area such as Leech Grove with a connection to the El Paso environment of desert

influence (para. 5). There will walkways with canopies to give shade. This plan is in for a

long run and there is frustration from students about the construction going on, but they

are excited to see what the university will look like in the coming years.

Heman Hertzberg. (1980). Shaping the enviroment. In Bryon Mikellides (Ed.), Architechture for

people: Exploration in a new humane enviroment (pp. 38-40). Holt, Rinehart and

Winston New York: Studio Vista.


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Hertzberger (1980) claims that architects can provide the basis for such a relationship by

stimulating each person to make his own effort to do something with his or her

surroundings, according to his or her own point of view (p.38). The things we make

encourage people to be more attached with their surroundings, and with everyone around

them. They more involved a person is on maintain his or her surroundings, the more

appropriate they become. This care or maintaining their surroundings creates a situation

in which people appear to be needed by their surroundings. They want to contribute to

environment which gives people more chance to reveal it with their own characteristics.

Natallcio D. (2008, July 9). UTEP and Bhutan: Our growing connections. The Prospector, pp. 2.

Retrieved from https://theprospector.newspaperarchive.com/el-paso-prospector/2008-07-

09/page-2/

The start of UTEPS first building call Old Main was the first to incorporate the

Bhutanese architecture theme in 1917 (para.1). In the past 90 years all the buildings that

were being constructed had adhered to the Bhutanese architecture. It has created a

coherent campus to everyone that has linked to the university to a tiny kingdom on the

other side of the world in Asia (para. 3). It was in the mid- 1970s that UTEP started to

connect to Bhutan other than just the architecture. In 1974 UTEP it had enrolled its first

Bhutanese student, Jigme Dorji Karchung. People that had the culture of Bhutan were

very interested in the university because not just of the architecture, but they felt a

connection to their culture in a way to where they felt safe and at peace and being close to

an environment they can relate to (para. 3). There has being many connections to the

university and Bhutan for example, in 2003 a group of Bhutanese archers- the national

sport of Bhutan- came to El Paso to share traditions of bow and arrow making skills. In
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2005 it was the annual Folklife Festival, where many Bhutanese people came to the

United states to share their culture and see the university of the traditional Bhutanese

architecture. The festival consists of the playing of the instruments, dancing, and songs of

the Bhutanese (para. 7). We have had our connection of Bhutan to The University of

Texas at El Paso of the years.

P. (1950, March 11). Campus architecture style comes from ancient Tibetan monasteries. The

Prospector, p. 6. Retrieved from https://theprospector.newspaperarchive.com/el-paso-

prospector/1950-03-11/page-6/

The Bhutanese dwellings in the Himalaya mountains are the inspiration for that design of

architecture for the Texas western buildings (para. 2). The University architecture is the

favorable of many visitors to the campus. Mrs. Worrell was the reason of the suggestion

of the type or architecture that was on the buildings because it had blended well with the

terrain (para. 3). The designer of the buildings was Charles M. Gibson that had resembled

the Tibetan monasteries (para. 4). The Administration and the two dormitories and the

student union building were later designed by Percy McGhee who also used the Tibetan

cream color and the red brick (para.5).

Pree D. D. (1955, April 30). TW falls behind ACC in smile' department. The Prospector, pp. 2.

Retrieved from https://theprospector.newspaperarchive.com/el-paso-prospector/1955-04-

30/page-2/

In the year of 1955 Dean Pree took a trip to Abilene Christian College the land of cattle,

oil, and the big thirst. TW architecture was nice and the landscape casual and the way the

school was on the hillside setting struck people’s eyes (para. 1). ACC might not have the

beauty of architecture like TW, but it had one thing that they were winning at and that
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was the atmosphere of being friendly which makes the visitors have an immediate

satisfactory that the students are happy and enjoying college. Back in 1955 at Texas

Western people were not so friendly they did not care of anyone but themselves. The

gesture of a hello or a smile and the communication of friendly people where an absence

at TW (para. 3). These gestures are the foundation of TW because other people from

other states wanting to be a part of the Texas Western and if those repairs were not fixed

then TW would have trouble bringing people in to the college.

Ramirez C. (2004, September 8). UTEP is home away from home for some. The Prospector, pp.

8. Retrieved from https://theprospector.newspaperarchive.com/el-paso-prospector/2004-

09-08/page-6/

In the year 2004 the three Bhutan students had no trouble fitting into the University of

Texas at El Paso. The three of them where all studying abroad form their country of

Bhutan. UTEP was home to them because of the connection the school had on the

architecture of Bhutan (para. 3). You walk around the university you get a touch of the

Bhutanese culture and that home did not feel as far away as they were. There will always

be no place like home when ever moving to a new place and one of the UTEP students T.

Tobgay decided to come because it was like what it was like at home. He said, “it was a

good place because of the connection to Bhutan, and that he was happy here to get his

education and that the campus made him fell if he was at home” (para. 4). These students

had a connection with the campus studying and getting degrees to use that knowledge

they got at the university to share it with their country of Bhutan and to develop it but

also keep the unique culture.


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Strange, C. C., & Banning, J. H. (2001). Educating by design: Creating campus learning

environments that work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (p. xi-xv)

Strange and Banning (2001) claim that “heading to College” is an experience that is

powerful to you and that the school that is selected is an important place to establish

relationships, have freedom of different identities, explore value and human culture, grow

in knowledge, and pursue goals. At any institution the growth of students learning can

happened in a classroom, residence hall, student organization, or service learning site (p.

xi). The volumes in this book focus on the status of the literature on human environment

and its implications for the policies and practices of higher education. Volume one talks

about the “Types of Impacts of Campus Environment” and the second volume talks about

“Creating Environments That Foster Education Success.” They believe that students

deserve nothing less than an educational environment that is affirming, energizing,

challenging and productive (p. xiii)

Swarthout, A. (2013, August 27). The Symbolism Behind UTEP's Bhutanese Architecture.

Retrieved September 21, 2018, from http://transformations.utep.edu/?p=931

Ashley Swartwout claims that the symbolism of Bhutanese architecture at UTEP is not

well known. Bhutan found its way to UTEP by the architects who were intrigued in the

article of John Claude White “Castles in the Air: Experiences and Journeys in to the

unknown Bhutan” (para. 1). The design that is imbedded in the brick are mosaic designs

known as mandalas, the word Sanskrit is known for the word circle (para. 2). These

Mandala in Bhutan are sacred art and are used most often to evoke deities. The mandala

is a circle and within the circle there is an eight-pointed figure and it can have a circle or

square in the center. The eight-pointed shape has four main points pointing usually in the
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four-compass direction. The other four points are known as doors or gates and are

symbolized by the four boundless thoughts: love, compassion, sympathetic joy, and

equanimity (para. 3). This is only one part of the symbolism that takes part in the

buildings at UTEP. There is a lot more culture behind the buildings at the university that

most people in El Paso even know.

Uduku, O. (2006). Modernist architecture and ‘the tropical’in West Africa: The tropical

architecture movement in West Africa, 1948–1970. Habitat International, 30(3), 396-411.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397505000020

Strange, C. C., & Banning, J. H. (2001). Educating by design: Creating campus learning

environments that work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (p. xi-xv)

According to Udauku (2006) claims that the account of the evolution and development of

the Tropical Arhitecture movement in British West Africa, from the late 1940’s to the

early 1970’s. The Tropical architecture is the key to the architects and how many

buildings are being selected in that era. A social- political, economic, and aesthetic

reasons of this architecture arose. The Architecture of British West Africa at the time, had

argued that the Tropical Architecture that was made in the region had similarities to the

what was being made somewhere else in the world (p.336). In addition, Strange and

Banning (2001) claim that creating these environments foster education success (p. xiii).

Architecture will be taken from different regions of the world to construct buildings and

used in different parts of the world. Yes, there is some modifications to it and it will not

look like the original architecture which brings a social issue in the works. It is not the

same and people of that type of culture that the architecture is being uses and it does not

connect with them due to an error of the design. UTEP has done a good job bringing in
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the architecture of Bhutan and having a connection to the students in a way. The

university being in a city heavily with the Mexican culture brings a culture from a remote

location in India to incorporate it to UTEP and have people enjoy it and have a

connection with it.

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