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Paper 10

9
� x�
1. (a) (i) 1 + �up to the first 3 terms.
Expand � [2]
� 4�
9
� x�
(ii) Hence, given that ( 8 - 2 x - 3 x 2 ) �
1 + �= 8 + hx + kx 2 + ....... ,
� 4�
find the values of h and k. [3]

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 2 1 
(b) 7
Evaluate the coefficient of x in the binomial expansion of x -  . [3]
 2 x

2. (a) If α and β are the roots of the equation 2 x 2 + hx + 9 = 0 and β = 2α, calculate
the values of h. [3]

(b) Given that α and β are the roots of the equation 3 x 2 + 5 x - 1 = 0 , form another
1 1
equation whose roots are 2 and . [4]
a b2
3. The line y + 7 x = 34 cuts the circle x 2 + y 2 - 2 x - 4 y - 20 = 0 at two points, A and B.
Find
(a) the coordinates of A and B, [5]
(b) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of AB and show that it passes
through the centre of the circle. [6]

4. The diagram shows part of the curves y = e3x and y = e 4- x .


(a) Find the coordinates of P. [2]
(b) Calculate the area of the shaded region. [4]

5. (a) Solve the following equations for 0  x  360:

1
(i) 3cos x + 2sin 2 x = 0 , [3]
(ii) sec 2 x - 4 tan x = 6 . [4]

(b) Prove the identity


sin 7 x - sin 5 x
= tan x . [3]
cos 7 x + cos 5 x

6. Differentiate the following with respect to x :


(a) (3 - 2x3)10 [2]
(b) x 2 e 2 x -1 [3]
 2x + 3 
(c) ln  , leaving your answer to the simplest form. [4]
 x-4 

b
7. Variables x and y are related by the equation y = a x + , where a and b are
x
constants. The table below shows measured values of x and y.

x 1 2 3 4 5 6
y 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.9

(a) On a graph paper, plot y x against x, using a scale 2 cm to represent 1 unit


on the x axis and 1 cm to represent 1 unit on the y x axis. Draw a straight

b
line graph to represent the equation y = a x + . [3]
x
(b) Use your graph to estimate the value of a and of b. [3]
3x
(c) On the same diagram, draw the line representing the equation y = and
x

b
hence find the value for which x = . [2]
3-a

4 4
8. (a) Given that �g( x) dx = 5 and �g( x) dx = 2 , evaluate
1 2

1
(i) �g( x) -
4
x dx , [2]

2
2
(ii) �g( x) dx .
1
[2]

(b) Evaluate each of the following :


4 x
(i) �x
1 2
dx [2]

p
(ii) �tan [2]
2
4
x dx
0

9. A particle moves along a straight line so that its displacement, s metres, from a fixed

1 3
point P is given by s = t - 4t + 15t , where t is the time in seconds after passing P.
2

3
Find the
(a) initial velocity and acceleration of the particle, [4]
(b) minimum velocity, [2]
(c) range of values of t for which the velocity is negative. [2]

2x + 4
10. The diagram shows the curve y = crosses the x-axis at P.
x -1
y

P x

(a) Find the coordinates of P. [1]

(b) Find the equation of normal to the curve at P. [4]


11. The solution to this question by accurate scale drawing will not be accepted.

The diagram shows a rectangle ABCD. The coordinates of A and D are A(4, 1) and
D(16, 5) and the equation of AC is y = x – 3.

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y C

B D(16, 5)

A(4, 1)
x
O

Find

(a) the equation of CD, [2]


(b) the coordinates of C and B, [3]
(c) the length of AB, [1]
(d) the area of the rectangle ABCD. [2]

12. The diagram shows a prism such that each cross-section is a quadrant of a circle of
radius x cm, with angle at the centre equal to 90. The cross-sections are OAB and
PDC where A, B, C, D lie on the curved surface of the prism and the vertical line OP
is the intersection of the vertical plane faces OADP and OBCP. The cross-sections are
horizontal and y cm apart.
C

P D

y cm
B

O x cm A

(a) Given that the volume of the prism is 20p cm3, express y in terms of x.
Hence show that the total surface area, A cm2, of the prism is given by
p x 2 40 ( 4 + p )
A= + . [4]
2 x
(b) Find the value of x for which A has a stationary value, [2]

(c) Find the stationary value of A, [1]

(d) Determine if the stationary value of A is a maximum or a minimum. [2]

(e) Given also that the total surface area, A, is increasing at a constant rate of
3 cm2 s-1, find the rate at which x is changing when x = 4. [3]

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