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Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 1

Annotated Bibliography

Arroyo Flooding

Branden Montero

The University of Texas at El Paso

RWS 1301

Dr. Vierra

October 22, 2018


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 2

Abstract

The questions that me and my group came up with for this topic was.

1.) The first question being what is an arroyo?

2.) the second is what is an arroyo flooding?

3.) The third is how does it relate to UTEP?

4.) The fourth is why did they take the arroyos away?

5.) Why did they decide to bring them back?


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 3

Annotated Bibliography

ARMANINI, A. (2005). Mountain Streams. In M. G. Anderson & J. J. McDonnell (Eds.),

Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences (Vol. 4, pp. [2187]-2198). West Sussex, UK:

Wiley. Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX2589600170/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=5b9ef5ba

According to Armandina (2005) mountain streams are distinguished by many different

kinds of factors. The first one is that the roughness of the stream is very visible. Most of these

streams are unsteady and they have different kinds of sediment involved with them. These

streams also tend to overflood very intensely. Because these streams have no relief water streams

to help with the excess water that flows from them. Mountain streams have many different

variations to it. Such as a mountain from Colorado will have different types of streams compared

to the mountain streams that are here in El Paso. This is how there are different kinds.

Evans, Kim Masters. "Water Issues." The Environment, 2016 ed., Gale, 2016, pp. 137-157.

Information Plus Reference Series. Gale Virtual Reference Library, http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX3632900015/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=88e3fc48. Accessed 28 Oct. 2018.

According to Evans (2016) Water may cover up to ¾ of our earth but most of this water

is all usable as most of it is not usable. Water usually starts off by it raining in various locations.

The main one being on the mountain. Once the water begins to come heavily down the mountain

it will begin to run off into a certain lake or a reservoir. The excess water will then continue to go
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 4

into the river. Whereas to most places would be an ocean. But for the southwest location we do

not have oceans so that is usually where all the excess water ends up. The runoff water from the

mountains usually runs into creeks.

Evans, K. M. (2016). Surface Water: Rivers, Streams, and Lakes. In Information Plus Reference

Series. Water: A Limited Resource (2015 ed., pp. 33-49). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.

Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX3629000009/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=114f6e76

According to Evans (2016) Rivers receive water from the rain, and melting snow, ground

water and lakes. Most off the small rivers that you see are from the larger rivers. These rivers

are very important. These rivers carry soils that are very necessary for the local crops. As the

rivers contain small debris and stones. These rivers also help clear up most of the debris that

would flow into the streams. This is good for the crops because they don’t have much debris in

their soil that would hinder the growth of the crop. These streams are also very important

because they provide the rivers with a relief.

Issar, A., & Resnick, S. D. (1996). Runoff, infiltration, and subsurface flow of water in arid and

semi-arid regions. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic. Retrieved from http://0-

search.ebscohost.com.lib.utep.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat04704a&AN=nug.b174

4920&site=eds-live&scope=site
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 5

According to Issar and Resnick (1996) “An Arid and semi-arid region is when an

environment water is in the limiting factor of the area”. This definition fits perfectly with the

area that arroyos are in. In El Paso we are a semi-arid region because we don’t have a lot of

water in our area. This is part of the reason that these arroyos form. When the heavy rains come

in they end up making these gullies. But since it hardly rains here the water never actually stays

in these arroyos. This is why they form so they simply become dry channels with nothing in

them.

Klima’s, V. (2015). Remote sensing of floods and flood-prone areas: An overview. Journal of

Coastal Research, 31(4), 1005-1013. Retrieved from https://0-search-proquest-

com.lib.utep.edu/docview/1700941318?accountid=7121

According to Klima’s (2015) “Storm surges and floods affect people more than any other

weather disaster”. Most floods destroy homes and roads, they are even able to tear out trees. The

NWS is responsible for covering these issues. The NWS stands for National Weather Service,

they determine the severity of each flood by categories. Living by the coastal areas can make this

disaster eve worse. The reason is because the ocean can carry sea surges which bring the height

of the wave into the town or outer city. These surges can be extremely high, mostly higher than

houses and trees. This is why it is important to be aware of your surroundings and known where

the water can be coming from.

Morris, E. B. (2010). Irrigation. Handbook of Texas Online.


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 6

According to Bloodworth (2010) “Irrigation is used for agriculture in various parts of the

world.” Irrigation is a big part of the southwest region as there is a lot of crops that are grown in

this region. The irrigation system is made up of two different water systems the first one is

surface and ground water. This ties into arroyos because the natural made creek acts part of the

irrigation. When the water comes down from the mountain these creeks send water into near, by

crops and farming areas needed for irrigation. This how irrigation and arroyos go with each

other.

Providence sewer line may run on university. (1972,). The Prospector Retrieved from https://0-

access-newspaperarchive-com.lib.utep.edu/us/texas/el-paso/el-paso-prospector/1975/09-

02?tag=the+prospector+arroyo+natural+feature&rtserp=tags/the-prospector-arroyo-

natural-feature?psb=relevance

UT System Board of Regents (1972) “claimed that they are going to add a new feature

behind the Liberal Arts building.” The new feature is going to be a sewer line that goes about 75

feet into UTEP. The sewer line is supposed to connect with the UTEP sewer line, however the

UTEP officials said that there was no contact with them about this addition to the arroyo behind

the Liberal Arts building. The people of the University also became upset because they are trying

to preserve the natural arroyos that go through UTEP. So, the sewer line would then take away

from the arroyo.

Daniels, R. B., & Hammer, R. D. (1992). Soil geomorphology New York: Wiley, c1992.

Retrieved from http://0-


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 7

search.ebscohost.com.lib.utep.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat04704a&AN=nug.b1481850

&site=eds-live&scope=site

According to Daniels and Hammer (1992) “Soil geomorphology is when a scientist uses

techniques to investigate soils”. This type of technique is necessary in determining the soil and

how it react to the water. This is necessary for my research project as it has to do with Arroyos.

Because soil forms a change into arroyos, when the rain water has run off from the mountain.

This is why geomorphology is important because it allows to know if there will be more of these

arroyos and how they form. Because we know how the soil in the area will react to the rain water

that happens.

Snavely, K. (2014). Flooding. In K. L. Lerner, & B. W. Lerner (Eds.), The gale encyclopedia of

science (5th ed. ed., pp. 1780-1783). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX3727801000/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=f3db8c56

According to Snavely (2013) “a flood is a natural process”. Even though a flood usually

has a negative meaning whenever you hear it. It is just another natural process that the earth goes

through. These floods can be either man made or natural. Floods are usually caused by large

amounts of rain, melting snow, and ice. The reason that they become man made, is because

people usually build homes and towns near these bodies of waters that flood. So, the surrounding

areas flood causing it to be more of a man-made flood, instead of the water naturally flowing

without causing any damage to homes or injuring people.


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 8

Villa, P. (2001). Arroyo. The Prospector, 1.

In the year 2001, the UTEP campus was going to do something about the arroyos that

were near the Union and the Liberal Arts building. The Arroyos have been around UTEP since

the begging of UTEP when it was built. The students for UTEP however were complaining about

the parking for UTEP. So, what was proposed is that the they would fill the arroyo make parking

for the students to park in. However, the people that work for UTEP did not agree with this.

They think that the arroyos should stay with UTEP as they have already been there since the

beginning.

LEE, G. F., & JONES-LEE, A. (2005). Urban Storm water Runoff Water Quality Issues. In J. H.

Lehr & J. Keeley (Eds.), Water Encyclopedia (Vol. 3, pp. 432-437). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX2589200525/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=585e82bd

According to Lee (2005) Urban creeks and lakes are important to habitats for aquatic life.

The function of an urban creek is to convey storm water to prevent flooding. Many of these

creeks can hoard many harmful materials. Such as: bottles, trash, and other harmful material to

the ecosystem. The reason the hoard these items is because they get taken in by the rain water

that washes down all of these items into the creeks. However, when these creeks are active they

provide life for many amphibious animals. The most common in the southwest would be frogs or

even turtles.
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 9

SMITH, R. E., & GOODRICH, D. C. (2005). Rainfall Excess Overland Flow. In M. G.

Anderson & J. J. McDonnell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences (Vol. 3, pp.

[1707]-1718). West Sussex, UK: Wiley. Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX2589600134/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=52acaf06

According to Smith and Goodrich (2005) water runoff occurs when the soils ability to

absorb the water doesn’t contain it enough. Vegetation is one of the most affected things by this.

As the water comes in the soil can began to get to saturated and begin to overflood the crops in

the area. Too much water can affect the crops causing them to die. The climate however plays a

big role in this area. Because depending on the area that the flood occurs it can make it can make

flooding that much worse in the area. Areas such as us down south don’t really experience water

as much as other places so our type of soil isn’t used to it. This will cause the flooding though to

occur that much easier.

Evans, K. M. (2016). Surface Water: Rivers, Streams, and Lakes. In Information Plus Reference

Series. Water: A Limited Resource (2015 ed., pp. 33-49). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.

Retrieved from http://0-

link.galegroup.com.lib.utep.edu/apps/doc/CX3629000009/GVRL?u=txshracd2603&sid=

GVRL&xid=114f6e76
ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 10

According to Evans (2016) Rivers receive water from the rain, and melting snow, ground

water and lakes. Most off the small rivers that you see are from the larger rivers. These rivers

are very important. These rivers carry soils that are very necessary for the local crops. As the

rivers contain small debris and stones. These rivers also help clear up most of the debris that

would flow into the streams. This is good for the crops because they don’t have much debris in

their soil that would hinder the growth of the crop. These streams are also very important

because they provide the rivers with a relief.

Smith, C. (2014). The Top Facebook Marketing Strategies, According To Its Most Elite

Marketing Insiders. New York, NY: Business Insider. Retrieved November 21, 2018,

from https://www.businessinsider.com/the-best-facebook-marketing-advice-2014-2.